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T/ie European magazine, 
and London review 

Philological Society (Great Britain) 



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Sbnnlet jncunda ^idonea A*oereTitap 

(^^om Cyttg[ to 


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European Magazine, 







fEmV>cir»lhe<1 with, 1. APohjtait of John HnrDBRSOw, B. A« 4. A Viitr of 
HkREFORB Caiueokal^ as It ttooti in 1724' And 3. A Viiw of Maiioeidbooo« 

An AccCMifit of John Hcnderfon, B. A, 3 

hxxnOs fntto Originat Lciten from £d. 
ward Worctey Mooc^Qe> jtm. Efq. to 
«n Emineni Phyfidaa ia xindoai dec 
[eoocloded], 5 

uAu Impnivemeot in the Man9gero^( of 
Bees, 6 

Of Iginal Letter of Mr. Hay ward to Mr. 
Vauglian, Cleric to Sir Harry Herbert, 
Mafter of tlie. Revels to James .1. 
Charlet I. and Charles it. ibid, 

iDfcripiioo oo a Tonb-Stooe io Boltoa 
Church- Vardf LaocaOiIrey 9 

Dreffiana,Ko.XXXiV. Aneedotesof \U 
lo^ious and extr:iordinary PerfiEioa, 
[continued] — — ibid* 

Thoughts on Phyfic and PhyAciaqs, .19 

Loodoo Review^ with.Anecdio^ 

of Authors. 

Mrs. C. Smith's Defmoodi ^ Novel, in 
Three -Volumes, . al 

Etchings of Views and Antiquities in tlie 
Coenty of G)ouce(ler, hitherto im per- 
fcaiyorncTcr Engraved, No. V. 13 

Mifs H. M. wnraros*! Letters from 
France, Voi^ II. ibid. 

Swioton's Travels ii»to Norway, Den- 
mark, andRnffia* in the Years 17 S8, 
1789, 1790, and 1791, »5 

Mofcte/'S Ireaiife on the Propertiof and 
Efftas of Coffee, 5ih Edition, 19 

A Sequel to the printed Paper lately dr- 
culaied in Warwickftiire, by the ^ 
RcT. Chartcs Curtis, Brother of Ai- J 
dennan Curtis, a Birmingham Redor, ibid. J 

Jameibn^s Geographical Ch.irt of Burope, ^x | 

Beiaaro's EfTays, Philofophical, Hiflo* | 
heal, and I^rary, Vol. 11. [coododtd] 33 

Imby's Topographical Defcriprion of the 
Weftero Territory of Noftb America, 35 

The Cafe of Defertiua and Affiif^ion con- ( 
fidered, in a Courfe pf Sermons oh.the - j 

rirft Ten Verfes of the yytli PWm. 

preached at OnerySt. Mary [Devon], 3? i) Obituary, iic. 


The Britifti Plutarch. The 3d Editite, 

with the Addition of new Lives, 35 

.The Hiitory of Rome, from the Foon* ' 
dation of tbi City by Romulus to tho 
> PeathoftheBioparor Marcus Anto^ 
nious, 3 Vols, And an Abridge* 
meot of Mr, Gibbon's Hiftory* of the 
Decline and Fall of the Roman £iq* 
pire, a vols, [continued], 4I 

-Phillips' General Hiftory ot Inland Na- 

vigaiioo. Foreign and Domeftic, 4^ 

Letters from Lady W— 41-^ ^to Cap- 

uin _*™, 4^ 

^An Bffay oo Humour [Traoflated from 

the German], ibid. 

An Account of James <^in[continaed], 5# 
Journal oi the Proceedings vi the Second 
SieffionU the S«vealeenth ParliameQC 
of Great Brittin^includng Lords De. 
botes 00 the Netv Fdreft Bill j Lord 
Rawdoo*s Debtor and Creditor Bill | 
Weftmiiifter PoliceBdl; Protvlt againit 
paifingof the Lib^l Bill ^ the Speaker 
of tl)« Houfe of Cororooos* Addrefii to 
the King atthoEmi of, the SefRon ) 
India Budget, &c. Jtc. ' 3^ 

Pragmentum CritiJcoprofundom de /W- 
mU qutbufd^m pUgicit^ ^c. By Dr. 
Harrington,' 0| 

An Account of Naodee^lroof, •5/ 

Anecdote of Rouffeau, ibid* 

EaR* India Intelligence, *t% 

Theatrical Jourual 1 including Plan and 
Charaaer of ** Young Men and Old 
Women j*' and *« Ail in Good Hn^ 
mour 1'* and Prologue 00 Opening tho 
Brighton ^nd LcMves Theatres, 4cc. *C^ 
Poetry {.iododing. The Rife of Popifh 
Tyranny 9 by the late Mr. John £U 
lis i The Snow Drop and Primrofe | 
Avarice, &c, &c. ^c. 4$ 

Foreign Intelligence. 
Monthly Chroniclo. 


Printed for J. SEtVELL, ComhiU^ 
and J. P9BR.£TT» Pkcad>Mj« 



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'pHE beautiful Gothic Tower at the Weft eod of this Cathedral, of which we prefent our 
* readers with a print, is foppofed to have been built about the year 1252. It fell 
6own io 1785, with part of the Nave adjoioing to iU A front is now building under th« 
direaion of the ingenious Mr. Wtat t to fuppljr its place, and doei honour to his tafte an4 
ityl« in Gothic Arcliiteaure. Our View is taken from a drawing made at the begioQiog 
of the ctatury, when the Tower was in a perii^ ibte. 

Wheatl Rye IBaril Oats iBeans 
s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d, 
LoDdofi 4 9I3 li^ lU 313 5 







Northampton 4 























































AVERAGE PRICES of CORN, fromjulyy/to July 14, 179,. 


Wheat Rye Barl. Oats Beaik 

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Norfolk 4 5I3 






Durham ^ 


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June a5, 179* 


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Bank Stock, ao5 1 a 

«o6 4 

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India Stock, 20&{% 

3perCt.Ind. Ann.—* 
India Bonds, 1131, 


3 per Cent. red. 9s |^outh Sea Stock, -« 
H lOld S. S. Ann. ^-« 

3 per Cent«Conf. (hut New S. S. Ann 91 i 
S> H ■ 9« ]3 P«r Cent. x75Xf— 

3 per Cent. i7ft6, — . LouTlck. i6l.taa.64 
5. E. Long Ana. 86 i -— -Urilk 
* 5. 


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^Sl/mn l^/i{/aye/tAM, 

of Oxford. 

Jigitized by VjOOQIC 




.For JULY 1792. 



/\F thft much- celebrated young mani 
wbofe extraorcTmary acquirements 
€ttn^ed the notice, and even commanded 
the refpeA of Dr. Johnfon, fcveral ac- 
counts have beeii publifliedt and much 
evlogiuha hath been pronounced* By 
many he has been fuppofed to emulate 
the variety and extent of knowledge pof- 
•fefled by the Adraii-able Crichton j and, 
like that eccemric cbai-adler, he ha» left 
little for poftcrity to form li judgment of 
the truth of thofe praUet which luve been 
beftowed upon him. 

He was born at Beilegarance, near 
Limerick, in the kingdom of Ireland, on 
the 27th of March 1757, of very pious 
Mid refpeAable parents. He received his 
education amongd the Methodifts, and at 
eight years of age he underAood Latin To 
well, as to be aWe to teach it at Kingf- 
^^ood School. At twelve, he taught the 
G^eek language in the College of Ti-c- 
vecka, in Wales, to men, fcveral of whom 
were double his .age. The Governor of 
the College at that time was the Rev, 
Mr. Fletcher, late Vicar of Madely, a 
clergyman highly diftinguilhed for the 
fevuur of his piety and the livelinefs of 
his imagination. • Some difagreement 
taking place with ihis gentleman and thofe 
who ha^ the fuperintendance of the Col- 
1^, he was difiniffed, together with 

young Henderfon, who foon after, at the 
age of twenty tour years* went to Oxford^ 
was entered of Pembi-oke College, and in 
due time took the degree of Bachelor of 

From the dme of his entrance into the 
College, his life palTed with little vaiiety 
and no adventure. His thirft after know- 
ledge appears to have been unabated and 
unbounded ; he was admired and general* 
ly rerpe£led ; aiid he Required habits, fooM 
of which brought him into the notice 
of the world alnnoft as much as hit 
talents. Some of thefe traits of chsrafler 
having been depicted by one who apjpenrt 
to have known him welly we fhall give ia 
the words of the'r author f, 

** His (i. /. Mr. Hendcrfon's) temper 
was mild« placable, a;id humane. • He 
polTeired fuch a fpirit of philanthropv, that 
he w;as ready to oblige every individual a« 
far as lay in his power. His benevolence 
knew no bounds, and his liberality was. 
fo diflfiifive, that it fubmitted. with difficulty 
to the circumfcription of a narrow incomes 
He was fond of fociety, and well quali- 
fied to fhine in it. He was fi-ank, open, 
and communicative, averfe to fufpicion^ 
and untin£tured with pride and morofe* 

*' His mode of life was ilngutar. He 
generally retired to red about daybreak* 

« By a mift^dce of oer Eograver, the degree of M. A. is added to his name under the 
portrait of bim. ^ 

t This fentleman appears to have been of Pembroke C^llefe, and he thus defcribes Mr. 
nendtrfoft's appeaVance wtien he firft was tntroduccd to him t ** His cloches were made in 
a falhion peculiar to himfelf ^ he wore no /tick or neckcloth ; his buckler were fo fmail at 
1^ to exceed the dimenfioDS of an ordinary knee buckle, at a time when very large 
bockleswercin vogne. Though be was then twenty .four years of age, he wore hisbaiff 
Ike that of a fcliool-boy oi iix.** 

&*C X 

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tnd rofe in xht afternoon ; a pra^ite, 
however, that was frequently intcn-upted 
by the occafional atrcndancc which he was 
obliged to give to the morning fervice of 
the tJollfege chapel. » He I'pent a g^cat 
part of the day in fmoking j and, ex- 
cept when in company, he ufually read 
while he Imoked. He had no obie^ion to 
the libe.aj ufe of wyie anri Tpirltuous 
liquors i-and. notwithftanding lii$ philofo- 
phic ftlf-dtni^il in oLhcr rfli^e^Sls, he did 
not always ici upulouQy aahere to the 
rules of temperance in this particular^— 
But this failing, which he did not often 
pradlife*, ami which never led him into 
^ any glaring impropriety of condu<^, was 
loft amidil the genciral blaze of merit and 
virtues wiili which his chara6ler was 

<* The following remarkable cu(fora 
was frequently obferved by him before he repofe:-<»he uied to ftrip him- 
i'elf naked as ^low as the waift, and 
taking his ilation at a pump near his 
rooms, would completely fluice his 
bead and the upper p^rt qf his body; 
after which he would pump oyer his 
ihirt fo as to make it pene^y wet, and 
putting it on in that condition, would im- 
nediaMy go to Hed. This he jocularly 
termed •* an excellent cold bath/' The 
Jatter part of this ceremony, bovi^ver, he 
<lid not pra£kife widi fuch frequency as 
the former. 

** His external appearance was as 
iingular as his habits of life, He would 
never fuffer his hair lo be ftrewed with 
white dull (to ufe his own cxprelBon), 
daubed with pomatum, or diftorted by the 
«urling-irons of the frifeur. Though 
under two-and. thirty years of age at his 
death, he walked, when he appeared in 
public, with as much ajpparent caution and 
folemnhy as if he had been enfeebled by 
the co-operation of age and difeafe. 

<« With regard to his moral and re- 
ligious chara£&r; he was a pattern highly 
worthy of imitation. He was, in the 
(Iria fenfe ot the phraic, inUger inUfieU^ 
rifque purus He (hewed a conltant regard 
tia the obligations of honour ^mS juftice j 
and racommended, both by precept, and 
example, an attention to moral re^itude 
in aU its rami£cationt. He had the 
courage to rc|n-ove vice and immorality 
wherever they appcanxii and though he 
was fometimcs tivated on thele occafioos 

with contumely and infult, he bore with 
a mj'leration truly Chriftian fo ill a re- 
turn fur his well-meant endeavours. la 
bis principles of religion he was orthodox', 
withotit being rigid. His devotion was 
fervent, without making too near an 
approach to enthufiafm or fupeHlition. 
He was perfectly acquainted with the reli- 
giotis dogmas of every diflferent itti^ and 
could readily dete£l the refpsdive fallacies 
of each. But however he might differ from 
thefe fe^arills, he behaved to them on all 
occaiions with great politcnefs and libera* 
lity, and convcrfcd with them on the 
moft amicable terms of general ibcta. 

** His abilities and undcrftanding were 
eminently confpicuous. His penetration 
was fo great as to have the appearance of 
intuition. So retentive was his memory, 
that hf remembered whatever he learned $ 
and this ficulty of recollection, combined 
with a pregnancy of imagination and (b- 
lidity of judgement, enaolcd him to ac- 
quire a furprizing fund of erudition and 
argument; a fund ready at every calf, 
and adequate toeveiy emergency. 

. *< His learning was deep and multifa- 
rious. He was admii*ablv (killed in logic., 
ethics, metaphyfics, and fcholailic the- 
ology. Duns Scotus, Thomas Aquinas, 
and Burgerfdicius, were authors with 
whom he was intimately conversant. He 
bad ftudied the healing art with paiticular 
attention, and added to a found il^eoretic 
knowledge of it fome degree of piaClice. 
His (kill m this art he rendered fubfcrvient 
to his philanthropy ; for he gratuitoudy 
attended the valetudinarian poor wherever 
he rcfided, and favoured them wiih me- 
dical advice as well as pecuniary aifiltance. 
He had a competent kncwledcc of geome- 
try, ailronomy, and every UJfnch of ita- 
tural and experimental nhilol'ophy. Ho 
was well acquainted wl:h the Civil and 
Canon Laws, and the Law of Natiu'e and 
Nations. In claflical learning and the 
belles lettres he was by no means de(i« 
cient. He was matter of the Greek apd 
Latin tongues, as well as of feveial mo- 
dern languages. He affe6Ved not elegance 
either in his Latin or £ngliih l^yle ; but 
was happy in a manly, peri'picuous, and 
forcible didioh, which he preferred to the 
empty flow of harmonious periods. He 
was vtried in hidoiy, grammar, and rhe- 
toric. In poUiics he was a £rm Toryi 

* Truth, however, requires it to be addod, that in the Utter part of his life fo completely 
liafi this faiiias overcome bimi that wiao or (piriu c«ald not be fsfely trailed withiA 
Ns powtw. 


Digitized by 


FOR JULY i7(Ji. 

»ti<! greatly difepproved the gsneial con- 
43ua of the Whig Party. 

** He I'poJw of Phyfiognoiny as a fci- - 
encc with all the confijfencc of a Larater. 
He pretencied to a knowledge of the occult 
fciences of Magic and Afti ology. Whe- 
ther this was or was not 3 mere pretence, 
I leave to the judgment of the enlightened 
readef. Suffice it to remark, that his 
library was well ftored with the magical 
and a^ologicnl books of the laft century. 

** His talents of converfation were of 
fa attradivea nature, i'o various and muU 
tiform, that he was a companion equally 
acceptable to the Philofopber and the 
Man of the World, to the grave and the 
g»y, the learned and the illiterate, the 
young and the old of both fexes.^* 

Such is the eulogiiun of one who declares 
himArlf to have been mtimatelv acquainted 
vifitfa the fubjeft of it, and the teftimony 
af other fncnds con^m the material and 
mod Alining parts of it. With fuch ta- 
Jent5, it is to be lamented that the world 
received {o liiile benefit frgm them. Ex- 
ccpt an Appendix to the DilTertation on 
EverloiUng Punidimcnt, by William Mat- 
tl^iews, and fume Letters to Dr. Prieftky, 
|KibU<hed in the Gentleman's Magazine, 
we do not know that any of Mr, Hender- 
^*s works are exiting. 

** Some time be/ore bis change came 
((ays Mr. Aguttei), he leemed perfe^ly 
^viA to this world, and abi^ra£led from man. 
Conopany could no nuure engage him. He 
avoided unprofitable converfe and idle fpc« 
oilations. The early hour and the frugal 
meal prepared hhn Xox ccntempiation and 
ihidy. He had a full and clear prefenti 
mcnt of his approaching diiTolution, and he 
^med to withdraw himielf from mortals, as 
be was foon toconverfe with higher beings. 

•* When wc confider the ftrength of his 
mind, the variety of his knowledge, and 
the excellencies of his Ibul, we may jufJly 
declare tkit he was a truly great chara6lei-. 

and an original genius. The psrtialhy of 
fnendihip muil give place to the facrcd* 
ncfs of ti'uth \ and 1 do not mean to de- 
fcribe him as a perie£l man : Mis friends 
lamented. h'S failings, and hehimrelffm- 
certrly repented of them. The God of 
Heaven does n^t req^iire more of his fallea 
creatures) and let us remember not to -he 
extreme to mark all that is done amlfsp 
feeing we have much caufe tor ftiame and 
repentance. He was a meek lufferer thro' 
this world of mifery j a linccre and con- 
trite penitent, for time mif-fpent and ta* 
lents mifapplied ; a humble believer in 
ChriH his Saviour. I law him in his laft 
fufferings ; I heard his laft words : Ha 
languished under weaknefs extreme j he 
laboured under mod grievous pains» He 
was wonderfully patient and religned ; for 
be heiju in ivbom be believed, and bis 
hope ijuas full of immortality. He prayed 
with uncommon fervour to his good God^ 
even to Jel'us Chrift, in whom all hit 
hopes were placed, and ** without whom/* 
fays he, *' Heaven would be no Heaven 
to me." Death was the wiihed-for mefr 
fenger whom he carncftly expected. Three 
days before that awful event, his pulfe 
ceaTed to beat, and the Jigbt of bis eyes 
nvent from him — the lalt llruggle is over i 
the bitternefs of death is pafl^ Thcie 
was a humble dignity and compofure in 
that hour, of trials worthy the man and th« 
Chrlltian. Let tne die the death of the 
righteous f and let my lafl e id (or more 
properly mv hereafter) be like bis " 

He died at Oxfoid ihe zd day of No* 
vember 1788, an J was buried on the i8rh 
at St. George's, Kingf.vood ; the curpfb 
being accompani'rd by Mr. Abutter, who 
on the Sunday foliuwing preached the 
icrmon from which the above extraft i* 
taken, and which contains a character or 
his friend highly honoiorable to both tho 


[ Concluded from Fol. XXI. Pa^e 421. J 

Fenice, March 8, 1775 

A S the place I am in dfxs not aiford 
•^ matter for fuch letters as I fh-HiUl 
wifli to write, and yoi: ou^ht to receive, I 
muft have recoune to fiiv'*Ious nonleufe. 
I will then tell you fomething that I have 
heard juft now relating to B— -, whj has 
been here on a very extraordinary errand. 
{Ic received orders from his fovcreign 
10 iSUi t^c VcQctiaas in making a peace 

wirh the Algtrines.— The peace was made, 
and he has demamled from the Senate 
aooo fequins for his fci^ice ; and what it 
flu re exii^ordinarvf he requires a particu- 
lar decree of the* Senate, that this fum 
may be employed to buy him a diamond 
crcfs, and fuy that that is their reborn* 
pcnlc for his fcrvices. 

I k:iow you love erctraordiriary things, 
and X could never have treated you with a 

Jigitized'by Google ^^ 


rflfltof ibmcthmgmorecxtraordinary. Yarn 
ia London are at the fQurce of ufeful and 
•tftraordinary^ and it would be but charity 
to kxid now and then a Kttle of it to a 
friend, which tirie (though I have no pre- 
Iffi^iMMi to it) I hope you will permtt me to 

If roy name fa not wwngft tlie Anti- 
^«Mrian8» I (houId,be glad that it was, and 
to the Society of Arts and Sciencea i of 
which I know not the expencc. 

Extract of a Letter Jrom Mr. 
MoiiT\GUE^8 Uaruid and excelUni 


London^ Sept. t$, 1775. 
I SHALL be very glad to fee your 
poi'trait— I have more than once vifited 
that rcprafcnting you near the Written 
fountain. If we cannot, on account of 
dkftance, iee our fnend«» it is no fmall 
^afa£hon to fee their iieprtientation. I 

moft hcarily cducide with you in your 
opinion of the a£^ivity and abilities of 
Lord Sandwich as Firft Lord of the 

Mr. Clark is feat home wkh Omai» 
who is now fo ^r acouainted with this 
covntry, tliat not long bnce, and without 
any perfon to attend him, he hired a horfe> 
and rode to vifit Baron Dimfdale, by 
whom he was inoculated, at Heitfbrd. 

Mr. Mafon, whom the King fent three 
years ago to the Cape of Good Hope to 
colteA phmts and feeds for the gai'den at 
Kew, is returned with many new acquiil* 
tions. He travelled near niofc hundred 
miles to the north of the Cape» and haa 
fcen more of the interior of Africa than 
has been hitteto vi5ted by Europeans. 

In vour vo^ge to Mecca and Medina 
I moR fmcerely wiih you health, and 
every gratification your cvrioiity ciH 



Y^U may probably not deem the fol- 
* lowing account of an Improvement in 
the Management fl/'5^w, which is ftrongly 
itcominended by thofe whcf have ora^i fed 
h, unworthy ofa pla^e in your Magazine, 
The improvement is that of having dpublf 
JeepJ, the one on the top of the other. 
Wiicn the bwer fccp is filled with hooey 
it is to be retnoved, after the bees are ad- 
mitted ((hrou£;h a pafTage which is made 
lo be openco for this purpofc) into the 
iipj>er fcep : in this upper fcep food muft 
be put, and the bees will remain there, 
and fiil it with honey. When it ia filled. 

the bees are to be a^itted into the 
former fcep again, now to be replaced, 
after food has been put into it, and' the 
full fcep is to be taken away. By thus al- 
ternately removing the fccps, more honey 
will be coUc^ed than is uliially procured^ 
and the lives ef the bees may be fpai'cd. ' 
I am. Sir, 

Your obedient humble fi:rvant, 
P. S. It may not be impropei- to addy 
that the change of the fccps ihoidd be 
made about Midfuimner. 

SIR HARRY HERBERT, Mailtr of the Revels to JAMES I. CHARLES I, 

Mr. Vaxtchan, 
nr HE 6th of February laft I fanned the 
** city and county of York as to the 
concernment vf the Rcvcils of James 
Waid and Thomas Miles, and had jol. 
the firft quarter beforehand, which I paid 
the fame day to SirHcniy Herbert — tbtie 
perfons fgught mc, and not I them. When 
thty hcgan their work, whether through 
their indifcrciion, or peremptory can icgt , 
they were feiaed by the foldiery, and for 
a time in the Madhall's hands, and bc- 
caufe they cculd not prcfcntly aiTive at 
their end;*, rctnrnetl lK)me in difconttnt | 
f\t\ct which time they have bcerr with me 
to demand tbeir n.oney and charges^ at 

al(b to pay for their gay clotlics, which 
they provided to vapour wiihall in the 
countr}'. 1 have for fome time put them 
off with good words, and promrfed, that 
if roy power was enlarged as to 
mnfic, Sec. they (hould have the fruit of 
my endeavouit) and return into the 
countiy. This will not ferve their turns^ 
whereupon they have petitioned my Jldvd 
Chamberlain again ft me, and I am 
conimaiuied (by a reference to ther peti- 
tion) to wait upcn his Lcrdihip to-mor- 
row ; but I rcfolve the conti-ary, till I hav^ 
a copy of ilieir petition, that 1 may Icnow 
what to anfwer j and to that end have lent 
a lecicr to Mr. Collings^ and a copy there- 

»0R J UL Y i;9«. 

*f bere^kli. Let me entreat you to lay 
Wore Sir Harry the whole truth of my 
commifiion and agreement, whieh I have 
ient to you by my fervant, and not only 
take his advice therein, but entreat hjni 
either to fatisfy my jLord Chamberlag;i or 
Mr. Cuiltngs in the premifeft, that I may 
be fafe and not difc^Miraged^-when I aim 
at nothing but to enlaige and perierve 
the power of the Revells in a fober way. 
Herein if Sir Henry (after tlie perufal of 
my papers) fhali think fit to appear by 
himlelf or yoti for my vindication asainlt 
thefe pitiful! fellows, I fhail acknowledge 
it as a kindnefs,odierwire I (hall be ileight- 
ed| and tl^ power of the Revells will be 
ib undervaiued,|hat no civill peribn what* 
i«ev^ wiU be able to cariy on his buii- 

I pray you fend the letter this af te rno on 
to Mr. Collmgs, that he may not expc6t 
Bae to-morrow, for I reibiye never to meet 
my adverfaries uadcihand : tliat were to 
deitroy a good cau(e, and I am <4h« 
mine is not the contrai7. Excufe tlia 
trouble, aod I ihall remember your pun* 
and care herein, who am, 

.Your afured loving friend, 
&. Paul's Churchward, 

zStbc/Maj 16^4.. 


To my very loving friend, Mr. Wal- 
ter Vaughan, Clerk to Sir Henry Her- 
bert, Knight, at Lincoln«Houie, ■& 
Tuttle-Hreet, thele. 




q^ HO MAS OKEY, the fon of 
^ God, was bom in X^ondon t6oS— 
tame into this towne 1619— married Mary 
the daughter of James Crampton, of 
Brightwely t635» ^^ whom he 
hved coonfortably twenty years, and 
b^ot four fons and (tx daughters 4 (jiKe 
tben he lived fole till the day of kis 

In his time were many great changes, 
ttid terrible «lterations--eighteen years 
civil war in England* belldes many dread- 
ful ^.6g1its ->the t:rown and command 
«f England changed eight times— Epifco- 

pacy laid afide fourteen years^-LovidGn 
bmht by Papifts, and more -ftatdy 
bwilt again— Oerm^iiy wa-fhed 30a aiiiet 
— -2oO|00oProte(bnts nurdered by Papifis 
—this town thrice ftormed, ^mct taken 
and plundered.— -He went through manf 
troubles aiid divers conditions i—-«. 
found reft, joy, and happineft ^vAf 
in hoiinefs, the faith, fear, and iqv« 
of God and Jefus Chrift.— Died ^ 
ayth April, and lieth hei« buried, -UZ^ 

Come Lord Jefus, 
O, come quickly* 





( Contbtufdfrom V^U XXI. ?agi 4.28. 3 


LotJis XIV. 

•THIS prince was not only an enconrager 
^ of men of letters and of fcience among ft 
his own fobje^s, but he extended his 
patronage to foreigners diftingMiflicd fof 
their knowledge and literature . The fol - 
Jewing letter, addrcffed to Voflius the 
younger^ by Cplhert, will Aew in what an 
ckgaiit and liberal manner this patronage 
Was granted. 

•* Qgouyue \t RoJ ne (bit nas votre 
Jhrnraitty il vcut neaomoins etre votre 

bicnfaiteur, et m'a commander de vtnwvTi* 
voyer la letue de change, c'y joicfle 
comme un marque de fon ellinie, et tm 
gage de fa protciStion. Chacun feit, f«e 
vous . fuivei dignement. T example <ti» 
famcux VofTius votre pert, et <ju' ayant 
rt9u de lui un nom qu*il a rendu illuih^ 
par fcf ecriis, vous en ie conlinvci la 
gloii* par les voftrcs. Ces chofes ctant 
connucs de fa . Majefte, elle ie porte avec 
plaifir a gratifier votie merits-, et fmi 
d*autant plus de joie qu>Ue xrC ayt donu€ 
crUre de vous Ie faire, fcavoir que je puis 



me fei-vir de cettc occafion pour vout 

VotiT fcnriteuT- trcs bumble, 
et tret affe^ionn^, . 
Pans, Colbert. 

It If Juin, 1663. 

LonU would never AiflGer any one to Cw 
the accounts of the money he had Ipent 
upon Verlaillfis : he burned thcra with his 
own hands. ' How mortified would he 
have been had he known that a celebrated 
antiquarian, now at Rome, has proved, 
that there are more cubic ftct of inafonry 
in Vefpafian's amphitheatre in that ciiy, 
than m all «he building* ereftcd by 
Louis XIV. takeMogcther. 

There is a tradition thyt he preferred 
the wretched low and inorafly (ituation of 
Verfaillcs to the elevated and dry -one 
of St Germain*8, as from the latter place 
he could fee the towers of 'the Abbey of 
St. Denis, tlic place of tiipulturt for all the 
Kings of France. 

When Louis was ill of a fiftula, fome 
Engli^iman wrote thefc two lines : 
Great Louis, all his fplendid viaories 

Is wounded in the Netherlands at laft. 

On his coffin at St. Denis, by the fide 
of ^hich ftands the urn that contains hit 
bowels, foinc one wrote, 

Cy gyft fans cntrailles, 
Comme il eioit a Verfailles. 

What little change in men by death is 

made ! 
Louis the Great here bowellefs is laid j 
Such as he play'd the tyrant^s lofty 

part Iheart. 

At proud Verfailles, and liv'd 'without a 
There is a fmall book in French, giving 
tn account of the pcnfions beftowed uijon 
men of letters by this Prince. It does 
not appear that he fpcnt mgre m one 
' year in this noble and enlightened munn 
ficcnce, than in fome countries is given in 
a penfion to one gieedy nobleman, or to 
fome difgraced Minifter. Chapeiain 
originally made out the lia to Colbert.-- 
One foui cc of the enmity of the wits of 
his country agalnft him was his receiving 
a larger penfion than they did. ^ 

Louis had fo little notion of the inde- 
pendence of the State upon himfelf, that 
when, in fome harangue, the orator 
mentioned, «* Votre Majeft^ et TEtat, '- 
<• L'Etat!" anfwered Louis, «* c eft moi. 
It ftiould be remembered, however, -to 
Louis's honour, that during the whole 
courfe of his reign he never once broU 
his word with any of his fubjeat. 

Monsieur le Due d* Orlbaks 

had much more perfonal courage than 
his brother Louis XIV. At fome' en- 
gagement in which they wae both prc- 
fent, the Duke of Orleans expo^; I himfelf 
to danger fo much, that the Monarch faid 
to him, •« Mon frerc, i'bulcz-vous devenir 
fac a terre /"* This behaviour remlerrd 
him very popular in the anny, fiom 
whence Louis feems itadioully to have 
kept him. He ufed to drcls like a woman, 
and wear ear-rings. He was married to 
Henrietta Maria, fiAer to Charles the 
Second, and was completely innocent of 
the death of that accomplilhcd and un- 
fortunate Princefs. The ctlebi-ated IVIoche 
ie Vayer was his preceptor, who aj>peara 
to have inftilled into him fome love of 
let^rs. His fon, the Abbl* de Vayer, 
publij^cd 1670, in twelves, a tranflatioii 
of Florus, done, (as he iays) by tho 
Duke of Orleans. All accounts, how^ 
ever, of tlic literary efforts of Princes and 
great men are to be taken with much 
allowance. The late excellent Prefident 
of the Royal Academy ulisd to iay> 
" That ladies (if there was anv credit to 
be given to what was exhibitecl as their* 
performance^) always drew better in three 
months timci thati a Jhidcnt could in a 


One would think that this celcbiatedl 
Latin Poet l\ad as great ajiatredof \ho 
ringing of bells as the Turks are faid to 
have, by the following lines he made on 
the ringers of his Abbey of St. Victor, at 
Paris : 

Qui fonitu horrendo noftras obtunditi* 
Pendula dum longis funibus jera fqnant. 
Hi veftris funet manibu* quos Ixpc 
Aptati colli! quam bene conveniunt. 

Whilft with your horrid din our cars ye 
wound , 
The extended ropes produce the brazen 
found : 
O would thefe ropes your hateful fingert 
And to your necks (as vrcU ye meiU) 
cleave \ 

On tl>e organ of the church of hi3 
convent, he wrote, 

Hie dociles venti refono fe carccre folvunt^ 

Et cantum accepia pfo libw:iat« repan- 

dunt. _... '^O-TU 

J?.0 R JULY i79». 


^Tht ^cfiiit air In echoing prifon pent, 
CooftnM in rpaccy &ie breathes' and 
pants for vent» 
And grateful pays with many a dulcet 
The fingers that its liberty regain* 

JoBH DuKB OF Marlborough , 
^ras ftrft prefentcd )l>y his father to be 
|age to the Duke of £eaufort, at Bad- 
mintom His eftabliflunent bdng fmall, 
he was introduced to the Duchefs of 
York, Jaties the Second*s firft wife, by 
wfait^ means bis fifter became acquainted 
widi James the Second } and, perhaps^ no 
kfs to this circumftance than to that 
ef his pofleffing very great military 
talenu, wB<iiiay attribute the great degree 
of favour in which he was held by that 
unfortunate monarch. Turenne, in whofe 
anny.hejwas a vohmteer, (peaks of him 
as a young man of fcry great promifc in 
the inilitary profeiBon. Be was extreme- 

Songe, fonge, Sense, a cette nuit cmelle^ 
Qui hit pour tout un peuple une nuit 

Songe aux crls des vainqueurs, fonge aux 

cris dcs mourarts^ 
Dans la fiamme ctouffes fous le fer ex* 


Think, th:nk> my friend, what hotrrid 

To-morrow*8 morning muft difclofe i 
Tli^nk how the dying and tlie dead 
O'er yon exteniive plain (hall fpread } 
Whiiit war^s fell engines difmal found. 
And Peiolation ftalks around. 

Copie d'une Lettre ecrite par M. le Ma- 
rel'chal ou Saxb a MonHcur D'Eoif » 
de TiSi^ Cenieur Royal, & Doyen des 
Secretaires du Regent Due dOrleans. 
Qncle de la Chevaaere D*£0N a^uel- 
lement a Londres. 


JE vous prye einpan mant de pretcr 
une aianfion favorable a le que Mile* 

Jy iUiteratt, but a man of great eloquence Sommcrvilie • vous dira, il ma paru con 

inipeakix^} thatis, I fuppofe, he fpake - -. 

only of what he knew» and ddivered 

Wlelf with th2it (^nmg good fenfe and 

energy that nauf^ always characleriit a 

man of his abilities. 

The foUowring letter of his Ipis been 
prefirved : 

Zift. 3, 1707, 
Sir, ' 

THE bearer will acquaint you with 
what I have nvrite^ in order to have this 
bufinefs agreed friendly (if po(rible}. 1 
<lefire the fiffarsnay go with my brother, 
snd leave it to your care that they be 

}aai, Sir, 
Your firiend and 
litunble fervant, 

Marshal Saxe, 
to lefs a General than the Duke of 
Marlborough, was extremely illiterate^ as 
the fiaUowing letters of his evince. To 
^ honour c? his humanity, however, the 
^oQowing ft(My, told of him by M. de 
Sciac, his phyiician, (hould be mentioned. 
The night before the battle of Rancour^ 
M. de lenac, the phyiician, oblerved his 
iMrious palient v^ thoughtful, and 
aftad him the reafon of it. He replied in 
a ptSm 6nm the <« Andnmoque'* of 

la vexe k fait une bonne fille, a qui je 
f^res charme de randre fer<vtffey foicz 
perfuad^s que Ion fauret aitre plus par* 
fai cement, 

Votre trcs humble & trcs oheijfent 

Maurice de Saxb. 
A Paris le Mardis 
deraiers Cit]\x\U 
let, 174b. 

Copie d'unc Lettre du Meme au Meme. 

JE Yous prye d* aitre perfuades, Mon- 
fieiu*, que Ton nt fauret aitre plus fenfible 
que je le fuis au maiques de votre fouve- 
nir & de votre amtties^ elle me feras 
toujour chere, & m^is fucfaii aeqmre^ 
rout de nouvos agrtmens pour iwoy. Cant 
jcfaurej que vous vous y einterej/is. Ton 
fauret aitre plus parfaitement| 
Votre tres humble & tres obeiiTent 

Maurice de Saxe. 

Prince Menziic6ff, who com- 
manded the Emprefs cf RuflTia's armies 
with fuch great fucccfs, could, I believc> 
neither read nor write. Of theffc three great 
Generals one cannot fay as wa^ faid of 
Caefar, *' Eodem ammo quo pf^itabsmi 
fcribeb'antr Yet X leai, in our times. 


• Aaricc de I'Opera Comlque. 

Digitized by LjOOJ^ 'ff 



for thedifcredit of Litenturt, it has been 
found, that in general the better our Gc- . 
iierals have written, the worfe they have 


Princb Eucekb 
faid jokingly one day, when the Duke of 
' Marlborough was tsdking of his attach- 
ment to his Queen, ^egina pecunia, 
« Money is bis Queen". This great Ge- 
neral was a man of letters | he was in- 
tend^d for the Church, and was known at 
the Court of France by the name of the 
Abbe de Savrie. Having made too free 
in a letter with fomc of old Louis the 
Fourteenth's gallantries, he fled out of 
Prance, and fervcd as a volunteer in the 
Emperor's fervice in Hungary tgainft the 
Turks, where he foon diftinguiftied 
himfelf by his talents for the military 
■ft. He was prefcnted by the Em- 
peror with a regiment, and a t.w years 
afterwards made Commander in Chief of 
his armies. Louvois, the info'.cnt War 
Minifter of the infolcnt Louis XIV. had 
written to him to tell him, that he muft 
never think of returning to his country t 
his reply was, *« Eugene entrera un jour 
en France en depit de Louvois $c de 
Louis/' In all his military eitpeditions 
he carried with him Tbontas a Kempis di 
Imitatione. He fccmed to be of the opi- 
nion of the great Guftavus Adolphus, 
King of Sweden, " that a good Chriftian 
always made a good foldicr." Being 
conftantly bufy, he held the paflion of 
love very cheap, as a mere amufement, 
that ferved only to enlarge the power of 
women, and abridge that of men. Heufed 
to fay, " Lesamourcux font dans la foci^t6 
que ce les fanati^ues font en religion.** 
The Prince was obfcrved to be one day 
very pen five, and was aflced by his fa- 
vourite Aid-de-Camp on what he was 
meditating fo deeply? " My good friend,** 
replied he, ««I am thinking that if Alex- 
andcf the Great had been obliged to wait 
for the approbation of the Deputies of 
Holland before he attacked the enenw, 
how impoflible it would have been tor 
him t(» have made half the conqucfts that 
he did." What then would this Prince 
have thought of the chance of a Gcneral*t 
being fucccfsful in a country where near 
iix hundred perfons are controuling and 
deliberating upon his military operations. 
This Uluftrious Conqueror lived to a great 
age, and being tam Mercurio quam Marte^ 
« a^ much a Scholar as a Caprain,** 
amufed himfelf with makinga fine colleaion 
of books, piftures, and prints, whieh arc 
now in the £mperor*s colle^on at Vi- 

enna. The celebrated Cardinal Paflionel, 
then Nuncio at Vienna, preached his fu* 
ncral fermon, firom this gr^md and well- 
appropriated text of Scriptiijre i 

<< Alexander, fon of Philip the Ma- 
cedonian, made many virars, took many 
ftrong holds, went through the ends of 
the earth, took fpoiU of many nations s 
the earth was quiet before him. After 
thefe things he fisll (ick, and perceived^ 
that he ihould die. " ^Maccabees* 


Urban VJIL 
Barberini was fo good a Greek fcholar, 
that he yn% called the Attic Bee, Apli 
Attica. On Bemini*s celebrated ttatue 
of Apollo and Daphne he wrote thefe 

Quifquis amans fequitur fugidvse gaudia. 

Fronde manus implet baccas vel carptt 


Whoe'er the charmc of fleeting beauty 

Inanity or ruin but purfues \ 
His hands with unfubftantial leaves he fillst 
Or the black berries* poifonous juice dif- 


He made an edi6( againft taking fnuflp. 
in churcKSs. Pafquin faid of him firom 
Job, *« Contra folium quod vehto rapi- 
tur oftendis potentiam tuam, & ftipulam ' 
iiccam perfequeris.** 


had fpent an evening with fome men who 
were not very bright, and fome ladies 
who were not very young. On being 
aflced the day afterwards what he thought 
of the company, he faid, " J'ai trouv^ let 
hommes pafTables & les femmes pafltSes.** 
Fontenelle was an eafy good-humoured 
man ; he ufed to fay, " Dans ma vie 
j*ai eii la fottife de faire bien des Epi- 
grammes, mais je n*ai jamais eu la ma- 
ligniee de les publier.** Not long before 
he died (at the age of ninety-nine vears 
and a half) he was aflced what he Klt<— 
** Rien qu'un difficult^ d'etre,** replied he, 
>c>«:>o<:>c :^<^< 

Lb Saob. 
The celebrated Gil Bias of this excel- 
lent writer is not taken from any one 
particular Spanifli book, as many perfons 
have fuppofed. An mgenious Traveller 
fays, that the novel of Gufman Alfarex 
fupplied Le Sage with many incidents for 
thu novel ; that the ftory of Dr. 6an- 
grado was taken from Mirco d'Obrcgon, 
as well as the ftory si the enamoured 

K O R JULY 179J. 


Barber; and tiiat Le Sage occaHonally 
called in to his afliftance fome Spanish co- 
medies. Witli what a (kill the feleaion 
has been made» and with what a know- 
kdge of life and of manners the mind tf 
Le Sage abounded) the general favourite 
of all ranks of people wl£h Gil Bias very 
ibon became, and continues to be» is a 
▼cry convincing proof. It, perhaps, at 
nearly as any book, 

Primoces populi arripuit, populumque tri- 

Indeed they are all defcribed in it. 

De Cadibkj, 
«rko was ftfluredly no very great Poet, 

ufed to fill his library in a very curious 
as well as cheap method. When any one 
publiflied a book, he ufed to fend him a 
fonnet in praife of it : this always pro* 
cured him a copy from the author. The 
French King's library was filled by the 
neccflity every author wasunder of fending 
a copy of his work to it as foon as it was 
j>rinted. This was in confequencc of 
I'cveral edifts. Our Britijh Mujium libra, 
ry, and thofe of our two Univerfities, 
might be kept up without expence, if an 
A6t of Parliament were to pafs to order 
evenr bookfeller to fend a copy, of every 
work he publiflied, gratis, to each of thefe 
libraries, under a penalty of lofing hia 
copy.right if he did not. 


Doaa tentat polfom vempi dam Hercora 

^miStKr^fallitiCBdmon difcriminis^rfirtf 
Oandtcio. IHe mUer moricur (cauOunque 

cahris pnebet, caMITqae cucUlUs 
^ic aBtSp contri, fccleris merccde re- 

Caofittor foperos, & Catis imputtt ipfis 
fSifttts akitj hetofque implet multo aere 

A NY young PhyGciaa wbo wifhes to 
*^ come into pradice very fpecdily,, 
ihoald always let out with a new 
theory. If he could attempt to prove 
that the blood does nai circulate> he 
would be moft certainly a made man. 
He iho\ild make, too, fome wonderful 
difcovery in ibme little article of diet t 
for Inftance, he (hould attack the 
whoUbmenefs of fait, of bread, or of 
the infide of a firloin of beef in .prefer- 
ence to the oiltfide* He ihould attempt 
ibmething fingular in his manneri he 
may be either very brutal or very polifli- 
ed, as he pleafes* Ratcliffe told Mead 
4>ne day, on the latter's ftarting for 
pradice, *^ There are two ways, my 
boy, for a Phyfidanto treat his patients t 
either to bully or to cajole them, I 
have taken the firft, and done very 
well, as you fee; you may take the 
Jatter, and perhaps do as weiU" 

Skill in purfuits not very conib* 
Bant to medical ones, now and then, has 
a great cfief^ in procuring pradice ; it 
has been found to have been of great 
ufc to affeft fox-huntinr, boxing, &c« 
Singulaiityfis what sStfts the general 
run of mankind with wonder, and from 
wonder to admiration the tranfuion is 
obvious. A Phyfician too (hould never 
a£fe6l ignorance of the caufe of ai^ 
complaint; he (hould even place it in 
the pancreas, or the pineal gland, if 
he has no other place ready for it. He 
muft always be ready with an anfwer 
to every queftion that a lady puts to 
him; the odds are that (he will 1^ fatis- 
fied with it ; he muft not care whether 
there 'be or be not a poffible folutton 
of it. i remember hearing a lady alk 
her apothecary, from what fubfianoe 
caAor oil (the oleum palmae Chrifti) 
was made; he, unembarrafifed, faid* 
it was made from the beaver :— I did 
not expofe his ignonncet but defirod 
his panner to advife him to be more 
cautious another time. A lady was 
one day very anxious to know how 
long (he (hould be ill.— *« Madam,'* 
replied the Phyfician, ** that depends 
on the duration of the difeaie."— 
" Much obliged to you. Doctor, for 
your information,"' was the lady's wile 

A Phyfician (hould never ncgled to 

• See Vol. XXI. p. 343. » 

i* Be Taylor being oon(ubed on the complaint of an iofint wbo bad a Ichirmas liver, 
fsrbadt the o^ of pocatecs, which be pronouncied was a Cpeciet of the deadly oigfiiihade:. 
Tbt MclyioAHit is become a ftou.c man, and, in fpite^ ibe- J^tCtoTj haa bfl»af great a* 
iMr af poiaiMsasaoyUiikGijBC. ^y. .., ^ — ^.^ 

n « tmke 



take hit fee ; it is aftonifhing how the 
auburn folUum quickens his faculties, 
arid fets them to work with double effcft. 
A celebrated Phyfician at Bath, lately 
deceafed) upon not finding himfelf better 
for his own pjefcriptionsj faid laughing- 
ly to a friend one day, " Come, I think 
I will givd niyfclf a fee, I am fure I 
Ihall do better then.** The Do£lbr put 
dis hand with great folemnity into his 
pocket, and palTed over a guinea to the 
other hand ; this had the defired cfFeft. 
The fame Phyfician> on receiving the 
laft fee he took in this world, a few 
days befoie he died, faid, holding it up 
with (treamiqg eyes to a friend that 
\(f2i% near him, ** Ultimus Romcuiorumt 
my good friend." — The late Dr. 
Ward ufed to call PhyPcians <* the 
Scarcngcrs of the Human Race," and fo 
indeed they are, when they condefcend 
to vilit a dram drinking woman, or a 
crapulous man, with the apparent atten- 
tion with which they would vifit a per- 
{ba in a pleurifV or a putrid fever* A 
latePhyfician or Bath (who was a fine 
gentleman, as well as a good fcholarand 
eminent Phyfician), when fent for to a 
patient who indulged himfclf in ftrong 
dnnk) ufed to enquire of what particular 
Rquor he was fond* and to make him 
drirtk it well diluted with water, after 
he had .q;ivcn him a pretty ftrong vomit; 
this, of courfe, rather iftdifpofed the 
patient againft his beloved potation 
for fomc time. Dr. RaiclifFc, who in- 
dulged himfelf not uKfrequently with a 
bottle or two of clarer, was once called 
in to a lady who had the fame pro- 
penfity, but who was drunk. The Do^or» 
who was in the fame Gtuation him- 
Telf, but who little dreanit of the lady's 
condition) approached the bedfide,. and 
finding himfelf unable to feel her pulfe, 
ftammercd oat (fpeaktng of himfelQ 
<• Dcviiifh drunk, indeed I" The lady's 
maid, who was prefent* thinking the 
Do6h)r had faid this of her ladyt 
"whifpered him> " indeed^ Sir, you 
liave hit upon my xniftrrftt*s dijordcrj 
ihe is apt now and then to take a little 
too much wine.*' The Doflor now had 
bis cue* prefcribed as well as he could 
to her particular complaint feme emetic 
tartar and warm water, %nd buftled out 
•f the room as well as he could. 

A very fingular ftory is told of this 
•clebrated practitioner. He ufed to go 
to foine coffec-houfe-in the jcity» where 
he save his advice eratis^ or for half 
• ftf» A cflebratti nifer wh« UtmI 

ne^r London, to fave his money* pre« 
fented himfelf before him in a ihabby 
cuat> and with a very fine nofegay, which 
he gave to the Doftor (who was very 
fond of flowers), telling him that he wat 
a poor man, and had nothing better to 
give him for his advice. The faga- 
cious Phyfician> who knew him through 
all his difguiftf, aiked him if he did not 
live near Chelfeai and if he had ever 
feen Mr. (the difguifed gentle- 
man's real name). On his telling hitn 
that he knew him very well, " Well 
then*** added he^ ** when you fee himt 
give my compliments to him» and tell 
him that Old Nick will have him ere 
three weeks are pad.**— The perfon went 
home, and, as the ftory goes, died 
within the time» to complete his friendV 

To fon^e court lady, who was much 
oppre0ed with a nervous compUinti then 
called vapours, who alked him what 
ihe was to do to get rid of them, he 
laid, ** Your Grace muft either eat and 
drink lefs, take exerdfe, take phyficf oc 
be fick." 

It has always been found of great uie 
to k Phyfician to be of feme feft ia 
religion I he is in general pretty Aire of 
thoie that belong to it> and to fome 
other patients out of curiofity. He 
fliould be a Catholic, a Preibyterian^ 
a Quaker, a Sandemanian» a Sweden^ 
borgian, ora Jew (in this country, in- 
deed, he may pick and chufe). Th« 
thee and thott of the late Dr. Joha 
Fothergill, of London, was fuppoted to 
be worth two thoufand pounds a year to 
him at Icaft. A Phyfician (if he hap- 
pcny to be fent for by a nobleman or & 
lady of quality) (hould never ceafe tel- 
ling his poor plebeian patients of his 
being called in by a perfon of that 
rank. He fliould tell his wondering; 
patients oF the compliments that were* 
paid him on his flcill bv this very dif- 
cerning perfon, and fliodld mix up fome 
anecdotes of the great family for his 
patients with as much nicety as he would 
compofe a box of pills* It has o^en- 
times been of ufe to a Phyfician to 
give good dinners and fuppers, and 
card-|Mirties and balls at his houfe; the 
allure of good-cheer and amufement is 
very often as good a bait for a patient 
as a May- fly is for a trout. If, how- 
evert he wants immediate pra£lice, and 
does not very much care whether it is 
continued or nor, a pamphlet attacking 
iene ancient axiom in medicine or ia 

FOR JULY i792# 


Iseti or the mere dreiBng up old doc« 
tiines in a new manner and in a new 
fiilet will do extremely well. 

A celebrated brochure upon health 
written fome years agoi brought into 
in author^s ■ pocket m three months 
only one thoufand guineas— the Doc- 
tor» however> made a full ftop there; 
—and an excellent Phyiician at Bath 
(then the father of the waters) faid* 
that in confequencc of the excei&ve 
temperance into which many foolilh 
nerioos had too fuddenly thrown them- 
RWes from the cootiary extreme^ the 
(aluury Tpriogs (oT^er which he pre* 
fided) were* in the year in which this 
pamphlet came outi more frcqueaud 
than he had ever known them. So 
wonderfully fagacious is crude and in- 
eiperimcntal theoryt and fo faul at lad 
to the Doflor as well as to his patient* 

With Eton and Wefimiofter, and 
daffical perfonsy the id^a of a Phy* 
fictan^s being a good fcholar* has great 
pr eight i aa if the putting together with 

difficulty in a particular language whtt. 
is perhaps Qot wonh telling in any» 
difplayed much ftrcngth of thinking or 
acutenefs of mind. This is, howevert 
thought of fo much confequence bf 
foroe Phyficians in £ngland> long after 
they have quitted their daffical purfuits, 
that they pay fome indigent fcholar to 
put their thoughts into elegant Latia 
for them. 

So much for the artty not the art ct 
Phyiicl— that art» fo complicated. To 
dimcult* {o ufeful and honourable^ 
when pra£lifed with (kill and integrityt 
that the rant of Pliny refptf^mg it is 
hardly hyperbolical » *^ Diit primuoa 
ioventores fuos aflignavit medicina ccU' 
que dicaviti" and .according to Rhalia 
(to whom as a profeilor fome allowance 
might be made when he fpeaks of hi» 
art)« '* Medicina tota eft Da, & cd rea 

I may> perhaps* in another lettci^ 
Iiave a touch at the patients. 


T H B 



For JULY 1792. 

ffftldju turpe» quid utile, quid duUe, quid nmt* 

Ikfinond. A NoYel, in Three Volumes. By Charlotte Smith, fs. fewed. Robi». 

ions. 1791. 

np HE fable or ftory of this Novel is 
'' more fimple than that of our Autlior's 
Ibrmcr producUon> " Emmelinc." The 
fttcidenta are confequently freed from 
perplexity) and thefafcinatjon of romance 
la ibpported by probability. Defmond, 
a young Engliihman of moft amiabla 
manserf^ entertains a fecret but pure 
affeAtoD for Geraldint Verney, a young 
lady with wbofe fiimily he lived in habits 
of intimacy^ but who vnA compelled by 
an ambitioxu and proud mother to give 
her hand in marriage to Vemey. Verncy 
ii*a gambler and a profligate^ deftitute of 
4 r^ard for hU wife oir children, who 

by bis extravagarce are reduced to the 
greatcft diftrefa* a diftrefe aggravated by 
the fenfelefs and unfeeling conduct of 
Geraldinc's mother and brothtr. Dcf- 
niond traces out the vaiious miferiet and 
affli^ions of Geraldine, and affords fuch 
relief as the delicacy of her fituation will 
permit. Vemey's continued diflipation 
hurries him abroad, where ht contra£^s an 
intimncy with fome profligate ci^dt^ant 
French Noblemen, to one of whom thcrd 
is reafon to think he has fold his i^ife. 
From this danger, however, ihe is iaved 
^y the watchful care of Defmond. Vcr- 
ney is mortally wouudtd In, afsufHe with 



f^ National troops, and hie wife 
arrives in time at the auberge to receive 
lus dyin^ contrition ; he leaves her and 
Ittr ^ildren to the care of Defmond, o( 
whofe attachment to his wife he had 
lord wiihout jealoufy^ confiding in her 

The n^urrattve, which is convejred m the 
farm of letters^ is agreeahly enhvcned by 
dticuflions on the new face of affairs in 
France. It is not to be expe6^ed that 
much mformation is t» be found here, 
bvtourAuthorefs has cenainly vindicated 
the caufe of French liberty with much 
•cutenefs. She has thought proper, how- 
ever, to apologize for the introduction of 
political matter in a work profeffedly of 
another kind. To thofe who think an 
apology neceflfary, this will be fufficient* 
She is likewife f'upported by precedents by 
thofe of Fielding and Smollett^ both of 
wfioni introduce more than aUufions to the 
political i^ate of their vountiy. 

In the delineation of chara£ler, Mrs, 
Smith has been nioft happy in DisTmond 
Bethel, Fanny, and Geraldine. 1 hefe 
art drawn by the hand of a mailer, and 
the proper difcrimination is prefenr* 
cd. The epifodes are rendered fub* 
fervient to ine general intereft of the 
bufinefs \ the attention is kept up $ and 
iht dtmntiment, or rather conclufion of 
the ftory, is uncmbarrafTed by a crowd of 
improbabilities huddled together ; a 
fault too common in the laft volumes of 

The limits of our review v*rill not 
permit of a large extraCl, without which, 
m a work all the parts of which are fo 

fon of a labourer, living <^n thofe efta(iei.«A 
I have occaftou for his fervices, be hat 
occsfion for the money by which t pur-« 
chafe them t in this compact we are 
equal fo far, as we are free.— I with tny 
property, which is roooey, boy his pro- 
perty, which is time, fo long as he it 
willing to fell Ic.^-l hope and believe my 
footman feels himfelf to be my fellow-man | 
bat I have not, therefore, any appreben* 
fion that ioftead of waiting behind my 
chair, be will fit down in the next— He 
was bom poor— bat be is not angry that I 
amrich— foloogasroy riclies are a bene- 
fit and not an opprefilon to him.— H« 
knows that he never can be hi wy fitoa« 
tion, but he knows alfo that I can amend 
ik'f.— >If, however, ioftead of paying him 
for his fervices, I were able to fity to him» 
as hat been done by the higher clafles 
throughout Europe, and is ftill in too many 
parts of it— •• You are my vaflal— you wcr# 
bom upon my cllate— -you are my property 
•—and yoo mult come to work, fight, die 
for me, on whatever conditions I pleafe to 
impofe {**— -my fervant, who would very 
naturally perceive no appeal agalnft fuch 
tyrannical injuilice but to bodily prowefs, 
would, as he is probably the mod athletic 
of the two, difcover, that fo far from being 
compelled to (land on fuch terms behind my 
chair, lie was well able either to plaee 
hhnfelf in the next, or to turn me out 
of mine.-** f Ceux qui difent que tons 
les hommes foot ^gauz,* fays^ Voltaire, 
' difent la plus grande v^rico, s*ils enten- 
dcnt que tous les boromes ont un droit 
^gal a la liberty, a la propri^ie de leurs 
biens, ft a la proteAion des loix«— Us fe 

ck>fcly interwoven, it would not be eafy trompsraient beaucoup, s'Us croyaient que 
to convey a proper idea of the whole. '^" ** ''"' * — ' -— i-^ 

A fophiiin of Dr. Johnfon*s, related, 
we believe, in Bofweirs Life, is admi- 
rably refuted in thefe words, and will 
icrve at a fpecimen of the Author's ftyle. 

<* So, Sir," — angrily buiii forth the 

Count—** So, Sir I— I moft, from all this, 
conclude, that you ccnfider your footman 
«poo an equality with yourfelf.— Why then 
ii be your footman f ?'* 

** Becaufe— ^though my footman is cer- 
tainly fb far upon an equality with me, as he 
%i a man, and a free-roan, there rouft be 
a diflio^oo in local circumfUnces t 
though tt)ey neither render me noble, or 
him bafe.-«-| happen to be born heir to 
coofiderable efUtes ; it is his chance to be the 

les bomroes doivent etre ^aux par les 
emplots, puifqu'ils oe le font pas p^ leurs 

Upon the. whole we are of opinion, that 
Mrs. Smith's reputation will receive a 
very confiderable addition by this work. 
It abounds with touches of nature in 
the delineation of the paflions. The 
delicate and pure affe^Uon of Defmond, 
fti'uggling amidfl numberlefs difficulties, it 
finely coutrafied to the meek forbearance 
and dutiful attachment of Geiakiine to a. 
hufband unworthy of her in every refpefl^^ 
The pride and callous hearts of Geral* 
diners mother and brother are cxpofed to 
due contempt without vulgar railing* 
and the fenfibility and lifteily afie^ion o£^ 

^ This argument has been called onanfwcrable. 

<)• Thofe virho fay that all men are equal, fay that which iff perf^y true ; if they meaa 
tiiat all men have an equal right to periooal and mental liberty { to their refpeAive proper- 
ties $ and to the protedinn of the laws i but they would be as certably wrong In believing 
that men ought to be equal in irufis, In employ mentsi (incf nature taai not nactoJiKmjqnal 

B O R JULY %jgu 


Fanny are iXKjre tban a compenfation for 
chax^ert which cannot be viewed with- 
otit dii'guft. If we have any obj<5lion, 
it is to the want of keep in the character 
of Defmond ; his connexion wkh Jofe- 
phine ought to have been avoided, and 
tbeobfcurityin which it is involved is not 
the leaft part of oar objection. But onr 
Autborefs may fay, (he 4id not intend \o 
niake him perfed. Perhaps not, we are 
9ot advocates for pci-fef^ monilers, but 
where faults aofwer Httle ffood purpole, 
tiiey may as well be avoided. 

Mr«. Smithes talent for poetry is fo 
sanrerikliy acknowledged that we hod a 
light to expe6^ fome fpedment • There 

is but one however, *' An Ode to tkt 
" Poppy,** but it is a charming one, aai^ 
may be foi\nd in our poetical department* 
Dcfii^ond, as a Novel, towers fac 
above the common productions of ibts 
day; and for its morAlity, blemkd fef 
eatil^ and delicately with the fentimeats 
of liberty, it will, we doubt' not, be re- 
cognized as a \york. not lefs ufeful thaa 
entertaining. It is j\ot nnferior to any o( 
"M^'i, Smith's former produAiuns, and m 
more doic adherence to nature has re- 
moved what we formerly thought defieftivc 
in tafte. The ilyle is more putt and 
fimple, and confequently produces 
elFe£l on the heart. 

Etchings of Views and Antiquities in the County of Glouceiler, hitherto Imperfedlf 
or never Engraved. No, V. Price 5s. Cadell. 

n^HT^ Numberof this elegant work con« 
-^ tains an Infide View of the dhancel 
of South Cemey Church. Three Stalls 
in Bel ton Church. A View of Campden 
Church. A View of the Manor Houfe 
iu Waofpell. the Pool Houfe at Wic^ 

neh And, A View of that reverent, and^ 
to an Englifhmanyclaflical, Gothic fabrky 
the Abbey of Tewkibury. The work 
continues to deferve the commendatiaos 
we gave it at its fii-ft appearance. 

Letters firom France : containing many New Anecdotes relative to ths French Revbla- 
' tion, and of the Prefcnt State oi' French Manners^ By Uelen Maria Willianuu 
VoL 11. 3s. 6d» Robinfons. 1791. 

favour of the Conftitution of Francew 
The Revolution, however, ihe oblerves, 
is at prefent viewed too near' to excite the 
(ame veneration which it will probably 
awaken in the minds of pofterity. ft 
wants that mellowed tint which is pro*. 
duced by time. 

Speaking of the Baftille, (he remaHu* 
that feme critics have laughed at Homer* 
for making an army of 30,000 mca 
repeat at the fame time the fame fen-^ 
liment. Something of this kind s^xw 
ally happened at the taking of thft 
BaftiUe. The cannoneers called out 
to the people to retire 1 " For, Gad 
they, you will perifli in vain.'* Tht 
people, as if « animated by one foo)» 
inftandy replied, " No, no, it will not 
be in vain ; we will iill up the ditch widi 
our dead bodies.** 

In Letter IV. we have fome curioua 
inftances of temale ari/iocrae/, one of 
which may be tranfcribctU 

** A beautiful young woman, former« 
ly a Duchtfs, with whom I was in com. 
pany at Paris, told me (he had remarked^ 
that even the (eafons were changed fine* 
the Revolution, and that the climate of 
France had become ftormy and difagree- 
able. I could only (mile at ho* folly, and 
pity it. But when the wife of a roer* 
chant or ihopkeeper talks in tbt fame 

IF the French Revolution " has many 
enemies among that clais of perfons 
wbofe vanity, ambition, or intereft, 
«r« a&£led by the fuppreflion of thofe 
abofes acd errors from which they en- 
joyed the moft partial advantages,** it 
IS no kfs certain that it has many friends, 
whom its tnuiniic value only has procur- 
ed, who feel its bleflings as it were by 
fynipathy, and who exprefs their adnni- 
ntion ot it firom motives of true patrio* 
Cifin. ' 

Of the latter clafs is IVfifs Wil- 
fiams, who has now prefented the public 
with a lecood voliunc of remarks on the 
pc«ient ftate of French manners, drawn 
Som aftoalobiervation,enriched with anec- 
dotes, and enlivened by all the charms of 
a pl»iing ftyle. Mifs W. is an enthufiaft 
in the cauie of liberty, and, having wit- 
ntSod much of its good e£fcAs on the 
laanaers of a people heretofore enilaved, 
fc wiihet to communicate a portion of 
that eothufudin to her readers, as well as 
to lemove the prejudices of ignorance and 
abate the force of milreprefentation. In 
this attempt we are of opinion ihe will 
HOC prove unfucceisful. She oowerfuily 
ittterefts the a£Redions, ihe brings the 
Icene clofe to our eyes, and where (he 
iigucs, (he ai^ea from faas^ The re- 
fiitt of her obfervsuions it highly in 

Jigitized by ' 



ftyk, yon feel provoked mftead of divert- 
ed hy her abfurdity." 

The ignorance and incapadtjr of the 
French Miniiby is well illulirated in the 
fcUowing dialogue i 

] lately heard an :vocoont of a converfa- 
tioo which pafled at VerfaiUes on the morn- 
ing of the X4th of* July lyS^y and which 
proves bow little the Court were prepared 
ier the memorabte eTCDt of that immortal 

" A French gentleman remarkable for 
kis tadkumity and fang-fmdf things that 
Mdom enter into the compoittion of a 
Frenchman, bad occafiop to go from Paris 
to VerfaiUes on that morning, in order to 
Inmo a conference with the Minifter upon 
ibme private bufinefs. He found two 
of the Minifters together ; and when the 
particHlar objed of his vifit was difcufled, 
one of the Minifters faid to him with a care- 
lefsair, M WeU, Sir, are there ftill tumults 
»t Paris r* 

«< The people tiUt of going to the 
Garde-de-Meubles," replied the gentleman. 

♦* The Garde. de-Meublcsl" repeated 
the Mintfter ; ^ what, the King's Garde- 

«< Yes, and they have akeady been at 
' the Hotel des Invalhies.*' 

<( And for what purpofe^ CUd the 
Ji/linifter with increafing forprrze. 

^ They fciicd upon all ilie arms/' rc- 
li>me<the gentleman, prefefving his ufual 
J^ng'frmd I *' and if a man has two fufees, 
ke gives one to his neighbours.^ 

«« Wei),*' faid the MinSfter, «• and what 
Ad tbey do next ?" 

** Why, 1 believe,** (aid the geatlemao, 
^ they then went to the Diilria/' 

** The Diftria r* exclaimed the Miniftcr i 
•• pray what is the Diftria ?" 

*< An invention of yefterday," replied 
tbe gentleman, ** The people have aMb 
juiother invention, of ibe ftme date, I 
believe, which they call a Permanent Cora- 
ftiittee ; and they have now got cannon.** 

** Cannon !". repeated the Mjnifter i 
« and pray what do. they propofe to do 
with cannon }** 

«< Why, tbey talk of taking the 

^ Very good l-»excenent I'*— (aid the 
Mtnifter, bnrfting into p violent fii of 
laughter t *< this is really a pleafant conceit 
erkough. And pray who is at the head of 
this rabble >** 

" I really do not know/* faid the gen- 
tleman coldly; ^ but all the people in 
Paris feem to be of the fame mind.*' 

** Weill" iaid tbe Miniftei^ turolog to 

his colleague, *^ I think we liad better net 
mention thefe difagreeabie things xh thm 

Notwithftanding this precaution, how- 
ever, the King a fevv hours after was let into 
the whole fecret. • 

Commerce, according to the informal 
tion Mifs W. received, was never C^ 
ilourifhiiig in France as it has been for a 
year paft, not only in the capital, but 
throughout the whole kingdom. Paper 
money has created a fpirit of enterpriz^ 
and indttftr^ and aftivity arc awaker.ed. 

Pans aitordt odr Authorefs abundant 
fcope for obfervation and anecdote. Of 
that equality which now cxifts in France 
there cannot be a more plea{ant fpecimeis 
than this s 

" A gentleman, formerly one of the 
Carde du Corfs^ and who very narrowly 
efcapcd from the fury of the people o^» thf 
6ihof Oftober 1789, came a few daya 
ago to Paris, and immediately fent for ^ 
hair-dreffer. The officer, while he was 
drelTing, told the man diat he tbonghi 
he remembered his face. " Yes, Sir,** 
faid the hair-dreifer, and I recolleft you 
perfeftly— you were in the Garde 4m 
Corps 5 I faw you on fhe 6th of Gib- 
ber.** «* Faith,** faid the officer, *< I 
efcaped very nan'owly \ 1 was very near 
beinghanged.*'— " Yes indeed. Sir,** re* 
plied the hair- dreifer, <« and X held the 
cord I*' 

The prefent National AflVnibly MIft 
W. thinks have Icfs ability than tbe 
former, but a fufficient (lock to go 
through their bufinefs, aninnated as they 
are by the moft important and exalted 
obje6b. In Letter XVI. we find a very 
ingenious defence of the Jacobins \ but foi^ 
that as well as many other valuable pans 
of >he(e Letters, we muft refer to the work 
itfelf. The curious will not be difajv. 
pointed; the Ariftocrate will not be dif- 
gufted. Tbe ftory of Madelaine it 
beautifully interefting. Anovelwriter^at 
Mifs W. obferves, might almoft fpin a 
volume from thefe materials, but tbe 
it^/ir/ prefers the fimple narrative unin* 
cunibcttd with artificial ornament. There 
is indeed in thefe Letters^ as in the former 
volume, an artlefs elegance and an eafy 
vohibiiity that cannot fail to render them 
popular, and to the politician they wlU 
not be lefs valiuble on account of the in* 
formation tht^ contain and the fentimeuta . 
they infpire. It is no fmall praife which 
this Author extorts firom us, that goodnef^ 
of tafte and goodnefis of heart are united 

Jigitized by LjOOQ iC^ 

FOR JULY i79i. 


ThUrtlt into Norwa^r, Denmark, 2nd Rufliay in the Years r 788, 1789, 1790^ and 
1791. By A. Swinton^ £lq« 8vo, Price in boards 78. 6d. Robinfont* 

'T'HESE Travels into Scandinavia are 
**^ dedicated by ihe Author, Mr. Swin- 
ton, to her Imperial Majefty Catherine II. 
Emprefs'of all the Ruflias. 'i^he reafons 
that induced this gentleman to communi- 
cate the obfervarionft anS reflections he 
made on a tour of three years in the North 
and £aft he gives in his preface:— <^ The 
northern parts of Europe,'* he obfervesy 
•' arc fddom vifited by Englifti travellers 5 
nor have any of thefey within the fpace of 
fifteen ytsu-s, two gentlemen only except- 
ed, Dobliilied their travels. Mr. WraxaJl 
made a tour of 1000 miles around the 
Baltic, in the courfe of five months. It is 
impofiible either to difregard the admi- 
rable alacrity of this gentleman*s move- 
ments, or to fuppofe that he had it in his 
power to draw many of his reflections 
tram actual obfervation. Mr. Coxe 
travelled at a pace fomewhat flower, and 
imich more folemn. He has given us 
many accurate and ufeful details concem- 
hig manufa^res, commerce, population, 
public revenue, military eflablifliments, 
f^d the ceremonials ob^rved in various 
iaterriews with which he- was honoured by 
nobles, princes, and kings. Thefe, to- 
gether with hiftorical extra^ from a great 
■umber of ymriters, with multiplied ex- 
periments on the congelation of mercury, 
fWell his volumes to a refpe^ble iize as 
well as price. 

** It is not, however,*' continues Mr. 
Swinton, *' long details, biographical, 
hiftorical, or philofophical, that are ex- 
pefiedby every reader to form the' princi- 
pal parts of books of travels. What the 
traveller himfelf obierved, inferre^l, fuf- 
fered, or enjoyed-— but above all, manners, 
cufloms, dras,^ modes of life, domtttic 
(economy, amuSenients, aits, whether 
liberal or mechanical, and, in a word, 
whatever tends to illuftrate the af^ual Hate 
of/bciety ; and that not only among the 
great, but the body, and even the very 
Weft of the people} all this, in the 
opinion of thole who read rather for 
amu^roent than the ftudv of either politics 
or natural philolbpby, mould enter into 
thofe narratives which are fuppofed to 
hold a kind of middle rank between the 
foltdfty of ftudicd dtlcourfe, and the 
fteedom of colloquial convarfauon. 

Vol.. 11^ 

•* It is on this humble ground (ironicaU 
]y,in allufionto the folemn pomp and pre- 
tenfions above- dated) that the Author of 
this volume is induced to offer to the 
public a vaiietv of obfervations which he 
has been enabled to make by frequent 
voyages to Denmark and a rendence of 
feveral years in Ruflia. With regard to 
what he has written concerning the naval 
campaigns between Ruflia and Sweden, 
he drew his information on that fubjeft 
from the Britifh, Ruflian, German, ami 
Swedifh oflicers, who were a^ually en« 
gaged in the femes defcribed ; and at 
many of our countrymen diftinguifhed 
themfelves in every action which took 
place, and firequently held the fupreme 
command, the relation becomes to Britifli 
fubjefls particularly interefting.** 

This IS an account of the delign of this 
work, which is, what it pretends to be, 
not a book of hiftory, or politics, or the 
ceremonials of courts, or experiments xa 
natural philofophy, but a relatioa of a 
great many curious and interesting cir- 
cumfhinces and remarks, made on a great 
variety of occafioiis, on topics that touch 
the hearts, and engage the curiofity of all 
men, both learned and unlearned. 

Mr. Swinton^s work, which is adorned 
with an equedrian ftatue of Petec the 
Great,and is divided intoldrty-four Letters^ 
among an infinite variety of particulars 
not to be fpecified in fuch a iketch as our 
limits can afford, defcribes his voyage 
acrofs the North Sea and up the Baltic^ 
with the natural objefls that prefented them- 
felves in his progrefs ;— lloi-ms— -humoutt 
of the failors— Norway — Norwegians- 
Laplanders — the Rfpublic of Iceland-^ 
anecdotes of the Kings and Queens of 
Denmark^the Prince Royal of Denmark 
—manners 'and ciiftoms of the modem 
Danes —the coaflof Courland — theOulpb 
of Livonia— Hhe river Dwina, with the 
towns fituated in thofe quarters— the ' 
Germans inhabiting Riga— anecdotes, 
character, great a6lions, and death of the 
Ruffian Grand Admiral Greig*— the war 
by fea and land between the Rufllans and 
Turks— Revel, Peterfburgh, and Cron- 
fbdt— the 'Winter drefs and diverfiona 
of the Ruffiafis, their manners and cuf* 
toms— a Riifllan jubitee— ancient and 
modem drefles of the RuiBant— a ftrik- 

Jigitized by Lj 00 v.. ^ • 


log aflemblage at PeteiAurgh of all 
nationa-^hfi RufHan theatre— the native 
cood taft« and capacity of the Rufllans 
for mufic-^thf Ruffian climate^a Tartar 
amiy at Pcterfourgh— the former ttatc of 
KuiHa— -the Tartar nations— the conqueft 
of China b^ the Tartars— the Finnifh 
nations— thar manners» cuftoms, and cha* 
ca6lers compared with thoie of the differ* 
cnt tribes or nations of Tartars, and thoie 
aUb of the Ruffians — the different Taitar 
tribes— their religious ceremonies— love 
fongs— politenefs of their women-^-RufTian 
Summer — a pi^ure of modern Rufllia— 
anecdotes of iiluftrious perions, Ruflians 
and others— -palaces and gardens — the 
ImiMTial family— a RulHan wedding— 
deicription of Peterfburgh and Cronfladt 
<— the plan 'adopted b^ Catherine II. for 
ahe gradual emancipation of the RvfTiaii 
peafantry, and the manners and cufioms 
of the Ruffians. 

Mr. Swinton» who made freqtient ex- 
curfions finoni the great cities into the 
country^ defciribes the foil of the province 
of Ingria, and the prefent ftate of agricul- 
ture in that part oi Ruffia^-the oKonomy 
of the pealantry — the attempts of tbe 
Grand Duke to emancipate his peafants— 
and the German colonies that nave been 
planted among the Ruffians for the im- 
provement of agriculture. 

Mr. Swinton does not appear to be 
▼ery deeply converfant either m liteiature 
or philofophy, but he isintelligent^ fhrewd, 
weU-infoimed^ and acciunte, in his ac- 
counts of fuch events and obje^ls as he 
undertakes to relate and defcribe. He is 
alfo a bold and ori^al ob(b*ver, not 
hefitatingy on (everal occafions» to oppofe 
the higheft authorities | as in the initance 
of what he fays on the fubjefl of tbe hot 
and cold baths of Ruffia, which, he in- 
iifls, have a bad effe£t on the conftitutions 
of the natives j and that the Ruffians are 
enabled to bear cold only by means of 
warm furs. But what ^ves the greatefl 
aefl and charm to this volume of Travels 
is^ a fprightly livelinefs and gaiety of 
manner} ramiliar without flovenllnefs^free 
without rudenefs, pleafant without levity, 
and, occaiionally, grave without affeAa- 
tion. This character, we doubt not, will 
be abundantly fufhuned, in the judgment 
of our readers, by tbe following fhort 


" The Frozeii Market in Peterfburgh 
is a curiofity peculiar to Ruffia. It is tot 
held upon the river, but in one of the 
gieat bazars, or fquaret, in the fuburbs* 

Here ts a very extenfive pidurd of dead 
life, a kind of^refurreftion of quadrupeds^ 
The peafants, who fell tiie coll^ion to 
the inhabitants, place the dead anunals, ' 
fb-ipped of their fkins, upon their legs, 
and in diffisrent pofhires. A flranger be« 
holds too, with wonder, an innumerable 
variety of the feathered creation — an ex* 
tenfive colle^ion of zoology :— every tint 
with which nature has painted the feather* 
ed inhabitants of earth and air is flrewed 
around at the foot of t^nt Man ! The 
hare, clothed in his winter robes, is not 
permitted to wear them long, but dragged 
to fwell tbe vaiious feaft/* 


** Wives among all thofe northern an^ 
eaf^m nations are purchafed by the men | 
and ib loon as a Tartar female is marriage- 
able, the mother hangs a white fl^eC 
upon the outfide of the tent, as a fignal 
to bacbeloi-s. The parents in Tartary, aa 
well as in Europe, keep to themfelves tha 
privilege of making the bargain. Tha 
bride, as cuflom demands, ftrugples hard 
at leaving the family hut; the bridegroom 
requires affifUnce in di-aggine her away x 
as it would appear forwaiS and ungrateful 
to feem to go willingly from her parcnsa 
and houfehold gods, and immodeflly tp 
rufh into the arms of a ibange huiband* 
They at leafl mike a fhow of 

——Innocence, and virgin modefly. 
That wouM be wooM, and not unfoughf 
be won. Milton* 

71ie bride i< carried to bed by force* 
Amonsfome tribes they fet her upon a mat» 
and taking the comers^ carry her into 
the bed-room, faying to the bridegroom^ 
" Here, wolf, behold thy lamb V^ But 
then comes the ordeal trial : if the bride- 

froom fufpe6Vs the virginity of the bride» 
e returns the wanton to her relations 
again'; allowing, however, the purchafc- 

** We have a wedding in the poU' 
houfe— >the fhip> matters take a peep at tht 
bride, and fwear that fhe is a gooa piece; 
adding many Tea phi afes illuftrative of her 
beauties and of the happinefs of the bride* 
groom. The bride is the daughter of one 
of the officers of the Pofls ; the bride* 
groom is a chorifter from one of tba« 
churches at St. Peterfburgh. I went with 
the company to the churcji of St. Sergios» 
to behold the Ruffian ceremonies at the 
altar of Hymen. The young couplt. 
killed every laint within the walls, croT- 
fing themfelves oppofite to each. Tlie 
tprieft baving mm jcvml j;eflures and 
"^ " ' grimacUf 

? O R JULY 179^- 


Criniaeet, joined their hands and kifled 
nem. This ^as the (ignal for an univerfal 
attack upon the lips of all prefent. 

** I hid myielf in a comer, in order to 
vroid the difagi-eeahle encounter of long^ 
beards : however, V loon recolle6ted there 
was D» occafion fior this precaution \ the 
Rufllians permit foreigners to behold every 
religkms cei^mony, without demand* 
io^ any outward refpe^i or attention, 
cidier to prieft or people, further than re- 
maining uncovered and filent. The 
l»ride, from the time (he had yielded con- 
lent to the day of her nuptials, was attend* 
cd ia her hut by two fuch virgins as her* 
lelf, who continued tinging with her firom 

morning till nieht for two or three weeks. 
If (he paid a v\St in the neighbourhood, th« 
attenaant nymphs, iinging as they went 

along, accompanied her. The bride^s 
acquaintance, mate and female, enter the 
hot during this feftival, making what 
prefenu they are able to beftow \ and in 
return, they are at liberty to kifs the bride 
and bridematds, who entertain them with 
ibngt into the bargain. 

** Our cook, in the courfe of his viHts, 
bat fallen a facrifice to the blue eyes of 
one of the bridemaide ; but fhe piques 
licrielf upon her family connections, and 
iiat refuted the poor felk>w : ihe fays, ihe 
is the £mprefs*8 flave, and that the cook 
«• only the flave of a private gentleman I 

** The wedding folks, at their return from 
cfauich, aiTembleid in one of the rooms of 
the poft-houfe, and Apollo and Daphtie, 
of whom I have formerly made honour- 
ttble mention, performed upon this as they 
ofually do upon evei^ great occafion. The 
bridegroom, taking his bride by the hand, 
Jed the dance $ this ended, be entertained 
us with his longs ; and it is but jullice to 
iay, that he fung like a nightingale. 

'* It was formerly a cuftom in RuiIta,nor 
has it yet become wholly obfolete, for the 
friends of the young couple, foon after 
they had retired to reft, to inquire -if the 
marn^e articles were completely ratified. 
I da not know whether or not this quef- 
tion was alked upon the prefent occafion* 
The bride of herfelf declared, next morn- 
ing, with the t^ in her eye, that (he had 
been cheated, and that her hufband was 
good for nothing but for iinginK hymns. 
The bridegroom looked very filly. A 
monk, bis acquaintance, who came with 
the chon'fter m>m Peteriburgh, decUred, 
that be was a very good kind of a man^ 
and that he had lent him thirty roubles to 
bear the expence of the wedding dinner. 
The fathers nave, perhaps, ient abroad this 
lyren to charm a ietf bi^ds into their net.** 
* Jtfr«€wiotoo'« book abounds with ob« 

fervations and anecdotes of the Ruflian 
peafants, or praedial ftave«, calculated to 
illuftrate the folly of all attempts to' 
aboliih flavery, and confi^quently the Slavt 
Trade, otherwife than by the maturation 
of moral caufes ; that is, by means fitted to 
influence and improve the mind of favapt 
and barbarian by degrees. Thofe ob« 
ferfations and anecdotes, in the prefent 
day, when fo many rafh innovators fport 
with all political eftablifhments, and 
would turn the world upfide down, for 
the fake of making a political experiment^ 
demand particular attention. For example, 
*^ The complaints of the peafantry 
upon fome eftates of the Grand Duka 
reached his Highnefs. He oid^red them 
to be put upon the fame footing with tha 
£ngli(h farmers, exafting only a trifling 
rent, providing them with every imple* 
ment of hufbandry, and giving them in* 
flruAors to^ teach them agriculture. Th» 
peafants made fhift to fell their new pro« 
perty, and drink the value in the courfeof 
two years ; they failed to pay even the tri* 
fling ftipulated rent, and petitioiied to b» 
put upon their old eftablifhment. 

'* The new code of laws, before it wat 
"publiflied, was reported to contain a very 
llrange kind of freedom \ and the mora 
diftant from the metropolis, the more 
ridiculous ,were the notions entertained of 
^hat freedom. The peaiantry were im- 
prefled with an idea, that they were t9 
have the freedom of enflaving their lords, 
or to force them to do whatever they re- 
quired $ and they be»in to put the law ia 
execution bv murdering feveral pro* 
prietors of tftatcs. 

•' The Ruflians Vkt a fine people, but thef 
are not yet ripe for receiving freedom* 
Their Sovereigns arc doing every thing 
in their power to prepare them for Liberty, 
by inuring them to induftry and good ha. 
bits ) and this is all that the fober and 
wife advocates for Liberty can wifh for. 
There are many inftances of the unne* 
cefTary opprefTion of the PeafanUy; but 
this is neither the faillt of the Sovereign 
nor of the Proprietors, further than* that 
the Pioprietors (hould be more carefti^ 
than they fometimes are in appointing 
Overfeers on their eftates i thefe are tha 
tyrants who brins odium upon Govern* 
ment, and upon the RufCan Nobles } and 
there ihould be fbme regulations adopted 
to prevent men without charader or reel* 
ing from having it in their power lo dif* 
grace their country." 

Tbeie particulars fuggeft hints of great 
importance, both to what are called our 
Abolitionists, and alfo our Wefl Tndia 
Planters, The Colonial Aflcmbiies have. 


iideedy for Tome years pad, been at paint 
to trace, and to eftablifh regulatioii$ for 
the remedy of grieirancet. 

There it a projeft recommended to the 
Emprers of Ru^ia by. Mr. Swinton, not 
le(s mgcniout than magnificent. It it a 
Tableau or Figure of we Minds or Cha- 
ra£lert of all Hationt. << The famous 
John. Barclay/* fays our ingeniout and 
»ot unlearned Author, ** in the beginning 
<jf the Jail ceiuurv wrote a book which 
he entitled, «* A Piifure of Minds ; i?r, The 
CbaraSiers of Nations,"^ Were fuch a 
book as this, oi' even Short Sketchet of 
National Chara6^ert and Cutloms, ac- 
companied by paintingt reprefenting the 
various coflumts^ drcifes, attitudes, ordi- 
nary amulements, and occupations of the 
peottle of different countries— the ftudy 
of Modern Hitiory, as well as of the in- 
itience of climate, food, and manners, 
in the formation of the countenance, 
ihape, and ftature, and that Si Phyfiog- 
tK>my too, if there be fuch a faience, 
would be facilitated and greatly advanced. 
w-And, Mr. S. continues, thatfo ftrikJng 
and inftru6live an Exhibition may not 
be confined to one palace, let it be mul- 
tiplied (for the generous indulgence of the 
Emwefs would readily agree to this) by 
the Polygraphic Art, which, by a court 
of progreihve* improvement, has now 
been carried to incnedible perfe£lion. Such 
k TMeam at thit, though the moH variout 
and compcehenGve ever conceived, could 
not hM to reward the ingenious labour of 
the Artifts. 

- At Mr. S. propoTat certain improve* 
tnents in the Fine Ans, fo he frequently 
tikes occafion tx» luggcft improvements in 
thole that are UfefuTor Mechanical. For 
example, he warmly applauds Captain 
Newte^t plan, which is now in agitation, 
for diffeminating knowledge, enterprixe, 
and induftry, through the Northern and 
Wcftern exircmitiet of Briuin, bv tranf- 
latlng one of the fuperliuous, or duplicate 
Colleges at Aberdeen to lifvemefs^ the 
captcu of the Highland! ; and converting 
the empty building, no doubt the Marei- 
chal College, into aWooilen Manufaaory> 
He makes various original obfervationt by 
'way of encouragement of that wife and 
liberal plan. 

In an AppenpiX we are prcfentcd 
with a very curious collection of words 
<ommoo to the Icelanders, Nokwe- 
43IANS, and Danes, with the {.owland 
Scotch, and the Engliih to the North of 
the Trent, fcleaedby ProfeObrThorkelyn, 
of Copenhagen, a truly learned and in. 
geoious genUtiMA, weU-JuMwo, and 

highly refpe^ed in England, Scotland 
and Irelaitd, not only on account of hia 
publicationt, but the richnefs of his con- 
verfation, and the urbanity of his man* 
ners. This little vocabulary produces a 
livelier convi^ion of the common defcene 
and origin of all thofe nations, than all 
the volumes on volumet of Pinkerton, and 
other Gothic writert on Gothic fubje^t, 


Anecdotes of the Author. 

Mr. Andrew Swinton» now in tbd 
3 id year of his age, it the third fon of the 
late Provoft [Mayor], Swinton, Chief 
Magiilrate, for a great part of hit life, of 
thearxient borough of^ Innirkeithino* 
Fife 5 a gentleman of the fame family with 
Swinton, of Swinton, Berwickfhirej 
Scotland, now Lord Swinton, and 
one of the Senators of the College of Juf- 
tice at Edinburgh; but more honourably 
didin^ifhed by the perfect probity and 
fimpficity of hit mannert, and the a^iva 
benevolence of a long, unblemlfhed, and 
profperous life. He intended his fon, our 
ingenious and fprightly Author, to fucceed 
hirofelf in a (hare of that trade which hO 
himl'eif carried on to a lai^ amount* 
But books, a tafte and turn for drawing, 
chemical and other experiments in Na« 
tural Philofophy, wholly engaged hit at* 
tention \ and, foon after the death of hit 
refpe6lable father, the fituation of hit 
aflfairt difcovered a very Angular fa£l \ 
That, wholly immerfed in Poetry, Paints* 
ing, and Natural Philofophy, he had com- 
mitted hit affairs to the noanagement of a 
hireling. He went to Ruffia, having 
been accudomed to feamanihip in hit fa* 
ther*s vefTels, to offer his fervices, and to 
profit by the patronage of his fother^a 
coufin-german, the celebrated Ruiltan 
Admiral Greig, whofe brother alfo. 
Captain Qreig, was married to Mift 
Swmton, our Andrew*t filler. The death 
of Admiral Qreig, and what happened to 
our Author in RufTia, is to be ooUeded 
from his Letters now publifhed* Being 
naturally high-fpirited, and of a militaiy 
difpofition, he will probably take an ac« 
tive part in fome of thofe interefling 
fcenet that are now going on in different 
partt of Europe, i^ he be not invited, 
which it feemt there it fome reafon to ex^ 
ytSt that he will he, to take charge of the 
.management of the Ruffian Hofpitaia, 
Mr. Swinton't Travelt have already ac« 
Quired fuch a degree of repuution, that a 
Tranilation of them by Mr. Sorran« 
is on the point of making its appearanco 
to the Fr^ocbUngua«, ___t_ 



A Tftilife concerning the Propertiet and EfRefts of CoflFet. The Fifth Edition, 
with confiderablf Additions. By Benjamin Mofeley, M. D. Pbydcian to Chelfen 

* HofpttaU Member of the College of PKyficians of Londooi of the Univerfity of 
J>ydeny of the American Philoiopliical Society, &c. &c. &c. Author of a Trcaiife 
on Tropical Difeaics, Military Operations^ and the Climate of the Weft Indies. 
Sfo. ts. Seweli. 

♦yROM the well-known benevolence 
^ and literary talents of the learned Au- 
thor of «* The Treatife on Tropical Dif- 
caftfs/* much was expefled in the work 
before us. Much had be^n done in prior 
editions. The prefcnt edition, embraces 
everything, probably, that ran "be fug- 
Jjtfted on the fubje«. The hiftory of 
Coffee I the cultivation of the plant ; the 
curing, preferring, and meliorating the 
Wrv; Its chemical analyfis j its torre* 
fa^on ; making the beverage forufe, and 
its dietetic and medicinal virtues '.^-thefe 

pointi are difcuCed and elucidated 
" ly manner. 


_ in a 

mafteTly manner. The Treatife aboundi 
with fine writing, found argument, and 
great erudition ; it is replete with enter* 
tainment, and the reader will find know- 
ledge conveyed in the moft pleafing man- 
ner. The Planter and Medical Man are 
equally inflru6^ed in the work, and the 
Public and the Weft Indian Colonies 
equally indebted to Dr. MofeJey for mucls 
well. timed commercial and political in- 

A Sequel to the printed Paper lately circulated in Warwicklhire. By the Rcr. 
Charles Curtis, Brother of Alderman Curtis, a Birmingham Reflor, &c» 
Svo. 4S« Dilly. 179a* 

rr HE title of this publication can fcarcely 
^ convey an idea of its ftibftance or 
nature even to the inhabitants of that 
county in which the fcene of difpute be- 
tween the brother of Alderman Cunis 
aod the celebrated Dr. Samuel Parr, one 
of the moft fubtle and ingenious, and 
tierhaps the moft learned man in Britain, 
lies. Through a fmall wicket, or rather 
a narrow dirty lane, as has been well 
enough obferVed in fome of our Newf. 
papers *, he enters a wide and important 
field. Prom an uninterefting and trifling 
difpute with an oUcure Clerg)'man, he 
rSt% to a difcuflion of the ^reat principles 
of human nature and civil government, 
including religious as well as political 
eftablifhments, and particularly the Con- 
flitution of Bneland, and the Conftitutions 
both Old and New. of France. He has 
'occafion to furvey the characters of dif- 
ferent cla((es, orders, and parties of men, 
and to glance, with no equivocal T^iy, at 
diftinguiftied . individuals. All theie to- 
pics he illuftrates with his ufual eloquence 
and genius, and enriches with a prolFufion 
of literature drawn from aiicient and mo- 
dem writers ^ to whom, when he adopte 
their obfervation, he is not niggirdly, if 
not too profufe, in his acknowledgments 
and praiic. 

The excefs of literature and quotation 
with which our Author inlays and fringes 
his Work, cannot be defended on the 
principles of good tafte } and, in the pre- 

fent cafe, it feems to be the more impto^ 
per and abfurd, that neither does the pro. 
feflcd object of that work need, if it at 
all admits of illuftration from the ftorea 
of recondite knowledge j nor does his ad- 
verfar]^, in his opinion, underftand the 

Quotations or alluhons with v^hich, like 
lowers of hail, he is mercilefsly, though 
often merrily pelted. * Yet, admitting the 
juftnefs of all this, the feverifV of criti. ■ 
cifm is fufpended in no inconfiiierable de- 
gree, and \o(k in the contemplation of that 
copious ftream of learning which freely 
and eafily flows from the accuinulated 
ftores of a life of application, opened by 
the flood-gate of -a faithful memory, and 
direfted by the copious flow of a fertile 
fancy 5 for Dr. Parr is fo learned a maa, 
fo converfant with all kinds of books« 
that what would appear awkward and pe« 
dantic in others, m him aflumes an air of 
eafe and naturaiity. Were all Greek and 
Latin books to undergo the fate of the li» 
brary of Alexandria, Dr. Parr, from re- 
coiledion, could give ua fome tolerabld 
idea of the Greek and Roman literature^ 
It could fcarcely efcape tlie ctrnfure of our 
readers, were we to prefs on his attention 
the matter in difpute between Dr. Parr 
and Mr. Curtis. Dr. Parr fufpeaed Mr* 
Curtis, who had given ground to fufpe£^ 
him, of.wiiting abufive anonymous let.^ 
,ters to him in an Evening Paper, and alf« 
of glancing at him, in a hoftile manner,' 
in his Seimons from the pulpit, JNfr* 

t %c9 WiiiTicBiltt ErcviMO PoiT| ^hidfmffif of P§Iitki, Siturday, June i6» 

^ T Curtj, 

Jigitized by VjOOQLC 


Curtis allows that Dr. Parr bad groimds 
of fufpicion that he was the author of the 
anonymous letters : but he *< calls God 
ic wiinelsxhat he did not, direflly or in- 
«iu-eAly» by hunfi^lf ot any othrr perfoDy 
^rite, or caufe to be written, the anony- 
viQua leiiers alluded to ;'* yet Dr. Parr 
continues ^o believe that Mr, Curtit was 
the author of the letters. And he takes 
f rmn Efchvlus, as a motto to his. pubJi- 
cation, a Ime expr€#ivc of the fcniiment, 
** That falfehood and injuftice cannot 
prevail over what i& right and true by the 
torce Af an oath." Dr. Parr'$ grounds of 
^itpicicn appear to us to be very ftrong^ 
but the oaih of Mr. Curtis is alfo very 
Urong* Under thefe circumftances, we 
c^tnnot but give wav a little to the innu- 
endo conveyed in tnc following note an- 
dtf page 6 : ** Apain^ Mr. Curtis, in 
frwU does sot difdaim kno*wmg that the 
letters were written.'* But, i n excufe for 
■tht iJoftcir, we add, to the oblcrvatlon 
that he makes his entry into an intereft- 
ing field «* through a fmall wicket," that 
no man, as is well oblerved by Julius 
Casfar, in Salluft, thinks injuries done to 
liimfelf light onrs { and alfo, that the ce- 
lebrity of Pan's name renders it, to a 
certain degree, neceflary for him to vindi* 
cate that name on a wider theatre. than 
the narrow circle that naturally bounds 
the whifpers of an obfcure affailant. 

Dr. TdTTf wiih the cleared and moft 
romprchcnljvc views, unites fervid and 
wnprfflivc eloquence j and the ferious tone 
trf this kind of eloquence is frequently va- 
ried by pleafing ftrokes of fancy, or what 
may be called fubtime humour. For ex^ 
ample: *♦ Upon the firft pcrufal of Mr, 
Xurkt's book, I felt, like many other 
wen, its magic forces and, like many 
•thcrmen, I was at laft dclirered from 
the ill u lions which had *cl»eaied my rea- 
lbn»* and home mc onward from adini- 
raliofi to adient. Bu^, though the dazzling 
4^11 b« uow difTolved, I ftill remember 
wii*^ pleafure the ^ay and celeftial vifions, 
*rlwn my * mind in fwcct madnefs was 
robbed of itfelf.' I fttll look back, with 
a mixture of pity and holy awe, to i\te 
^mvxi(\ himfelf, who, having lately broken 
bis wanil in a ftart of pbrenzy, has (hort- 
«ned the term of his forctries; and of 
drtigs fo potent to * bathe the fpirits in de- 
Lght,* I muft &i\\ ackiiowfed|re« that 
many were culled from the choiccft and 
• moll virtuous plants* of Paradife iiltflf."' 

The following 6x11*361 is a fpctimen of 
Dr. Parr^s mind umUr the mixed concep- 
fioMs and emotions of the Pliilofophtrr, 
the Philanthropitt.^ and the Orator ; 

** I have already ennmerated foifie m» 
gulations which, as a Philanthropift, Mr* 
Burke may furvey without a pan?, and 
which, as a Loyali((, he may without a 
blufh commend. But (ince the publica* 
tion of his twq great works, all Europe 
has been witnefs of an awful fcene, m 
which the reformers of France have fliakea 
off every odious imputation which may 
have clung to their characters, as being 
unprincipled traitors or unfeeling mur- 
derers. When good men (buddered at 
the (M^nible coofequences of the capture of 
the Frenth Sovereign j when, by turns* 
amazement overwhehned, and pity melted, 
the mind of every diftant fpe(iia(or ^ when 
the haughty and inexorable advocates for 
regicidal tenets (hrunk on tlie nearer ap« 
proach of that fpe6lre of vengeance which 
their imaginations had arrayed in the 
robe of jullicct then it wa$ that the Ge« 
niu8 of Fi-ance arole, and led in its train 
all the virtues which adorn the citizen and 
the man; compjiHon, gallantry, gene* 
rofity, loyalty, a fenfe ot private honout^ 
and a fenfe of public duty. Tlien darted 
up that determined phalanx of 'moderate 
men, whofe wifdom and whofe vigour 
aireded the impending ftorm t whofe in* • 
terpofiilon, I truft, would again uphold 
the State, if it (hould again reel with any 
new convulfions ; and whofe influence, at 
this moment, filently controuls the jafgov 
of vifjoiiary demagogues, and the machi« 
natior.s of factious clubs. Thefe were 
men, fuch as th^ unfettled and perilous 
fituation of France required ; mai, whofit 
virtues were Cci in motion, and in apbear* 
ance brought into bcine, by the fhocks of 
empires i and who, in the midit of havoclc 
and diforder, by their authority ftruck 
down bad citizens with awe, and by their 
counfels huthed the warring elements of 
paHion and intercft into peace. 

** They know the times and the feafont. 
They have obtained a maflery over thole 
petty and froward humours which feller in 
debate, and rankle in the clofet. Tbef 
foil not the purity and (plendour of ge« 
nius, by.expofmg it too often to theeariA^ 
eye of day. Difdaining to chafe the ca- 
prices of public opinion, and to catch the 
momentary gale of public favour* they 
feize the public confidence by force, and 
wield the public ftrength by one mighty 
effort for one mighty purpofe. They re- 
verence their Country in their laws, and 
their King they reverence for the fake of 
both. Theii moderation, aflifted by 
wifdom and magnanimity, teaches them 
what to fufFer, what to prevent, when to ^ 
forbear^ aitd whco ta intcrpole. Their 
.,....., ilP^iancet 

t0tL JUL V 


toifortant^ tudcad of bdng (quandered union alone that change can he accom- 

upoiithe fleeting occurrences of the paflifig pliOied.'* 

day, ia hoarded up for great occafions, Dr. Parr is of opinion, that they wh« 

where it may be felt as well as feen. Their would remove every 6xi(Hng and every 
" * approaching evil hy thofe fimple and moro 

popular forms of government which have 
lately been pjropofed» would do well t» 
contider* tibat by grsfping at too miichr 
they run the hazard of k>fmg what may 
be attained without any violent oonrul- 
fion of the State, by the maturation of 
moral caufesy in the purfuit of which the 
zeal of reformation ought to be corre^ledl 
by the calmoefs of phijofophy. Upon this 
fubjecl he has been favoured, he infomm 
us, by his learned correipoiident Dr« 
William Thomfon with fome remarks, 
.which he has permitted him to infert in 
this poblicatbn ^ ** and which,*^ fays tbt 
Doftor, *' for depth of thought, and 
energy of fide, deierve the attention <£ 
my reader.** As this Letter, which is 
publiflied in an Appendix to Dr. PaiT*s ' 
Work, has drawn confiderable attention 

courage is not diflipated in wanton at< 
lack, but collected for firm reGftance* 
Their ambition is not umiihed by any 
bafer alloy of vanity. Their confcious 
teAitude looks for its reward, not in the 
plaudits of a tumultuous Senate, or of a 
giddy populace, but in the calm and ap- 
proving judcrment of diftaut nations, and 
of a grateful pofterity . 

** Happy were it tor France if, between 
thcie moderate men, who do honour to 
the new Covernment, and the more en- 
lightened friend^ of the old, fome commu- 
nication could be opened, and fome alli- 
ance effe^ed. By mutual concedion they 
«u^ reconcile the jarring claims of the 
contending parties. By mutual forbear- 
ance they might heal the wounds of their 
bleeding country. By uniting the in- 
fluence of all good men, coUe^cd from all 

parties, they might cruih tlie pretenfions, , and applaufe, and is confidered as one of 

and blafl the de^ns of thofe adventurers 
who would deluge France with flaughter, 
whether they be patriots plotting for anar. 
chy, or loyalifts ftruggling for defpoti fn. 
But fuch an aufpiciouis change is hardly 
to beexpeaed, while a Calotine broods 
over his intrigues, while a Bouill6 hurls 
bis menaces, and while the furmifes and 
the reproaches of angry difputants keep 
«£iiukr thoie worthy perfons» by whole 

the mofk philofophical as well as eloqueat 
defences of moderation in all poiitical 
changes, and of gradual in oppoitton u» 
violent Revolution, that the prefettt caxm^ 
motions in Europe have yet called forth, 
we Aiall, for the gratification of our cor* 
refpondents and friends, iafert it, together 
with fome farther remarks on Dr. Pan's 
publication^ in a future Number at this 

(To bg coMtiMUfiL) 

A Gcfwaphical Chart of Europe. ByT. Jamefon, M. D. Containing the teni- 
torial and political Sute of Europe, with the New Conftitutions of France and, 
Poland ; exhibiting the moft important Fa6ls of each Country in a compara^v# 
View. Price 7s. 6d. in Sheeu, and j^s. on Canvas with Rollers. Robinlbns. 

'ipHE changes which have of late taken 
-^ place in the Government of different 
European States, and the improvements in 
many departments of Natural Hiftory 
which have ariien firom a more accurate 
and extenfive iaveftigation of the iiibjed, 
have rendered the accounts of tbefe mat- 
ters contained in mofk of our Geographi- 
cal Gram nars obfoiete and erroneous. 
The Author of this work certainly delerves 
prailefor the attention with which he has 
pended a great variety of the beft modern 
Authors, as well as for the ingenijity with 
which be has contrived to condenfe fo 
great a variety of information iuto fo finall 
a (pace. 

Atone glance of the eye may be feen, 
flie grand divifions, extent, area, and po- 
puktioo; dbe boundaries, fub.divirion5, 
chief towps^ with their longitude and lau-^ 

tude, rivers, fea- ports, navigation, moua* 
tains, chara&er of the inhabitants, cli- 
mate, foil, commerce, government, rcK- 
gion, various monies, revenues, military 
eiiabli^ment, &c. of every diffenenc 
country in Europe ; and under thefe 
general heads are contained many articles 
of impoitancc, Ibme of which areunno- 
ticed in more voluminous and expenfive 

The work is elegantly and corrrfUy 
printedon four (heets of large paper, which 
may either be kept feparate in a poHrfolio, 
or joined together on canvas. When 
properly fitted up, it will prove an orna* 
mental as well as an ufetul addition to 1^ 
library^ and more efpecially to every pub- 
lic in dilution for education. 

The Account of the prefent ConlHtution 
of FraxiiCd is feleded as a fpecimen <it' the 




!vvork» and &s conuinine a Aifficiently 
accurate abftrafl of a fubje^l that at pre- 
fent occupiet a confiderable iharc ot the 
public attention. 

" France, by the Revolution in 1789, 
founded a New Conftitution, upon the 
principles, that all men are free and equal 
in rights, and that Soveieignty refides in 
tiie Nation, 

*' The Conftitutional Laws air, that 
no man is to be molefted for his opinions, 
nor hindered from pnblifliins them t Public 
oiBcet are neither to be nereditary nor 
fakable, but all citizens to be equally 
eligible; and when in oflice refponlible : 
That there (hall be no peerage, titles, 
hereditary difti nations, chivalry, oixiers, 
corporations, wardenfhips, religious vows, 
]iatriinonial juriidiftion, nor any fupe* 
riority, except public functionaries i Tnat 
property is to be inviolable, and what is 
tieftined for worihip belongs to the Nation 2 
Marriage is to be regarded at'a civil con- 
traft enly : Forces are never to be era- 
ployed againft the liberties of any people j 
nor an onenfive war entered into. 
. " Primary Attimblia are to form them- 
ielves in full right every two years, in the 
Cantons, on £e ad Sunday of March, 
to nominate one out of every hundred 
^ive citizens for the £le£koral AiTembli^. 
^' In like manner EleStal Affimbliis 
to convene in the Departments upon the 
tail Sunday in March, to choofe, by a 
majority of votes, Repreientatives for the 
I^adonal Ligt/lati*ve Affemblj, They alfo 
choofe Adminiftrators, Judges, Jurymen, 
Biihops, and Parish Mmifters. 

*« The Kino, called King of the 
F^cl), is inviolable in perfon, has the 
Executive Power delegated to him, but 
not the Judicial, and concurs in all Le- 
gislative A£l8: he cannot make Laws, 
butenforces their execution, and can fuf- 
pend a Law till approved by two Legifla- 
nires after the one which propofed it : has 
the choice and revocation of his Minifters, 
' who are refponfible to the Legiilative Af- 
Ibnbly, and are obliged to prefent a pub- 
lic account annually: appoints Commif- 
faiies for the Courts ot Judicature, and 
Commiflioncrs for the Trcafury : ftiper- 
intends the coinage : is fupreme head of 
the forces : makes preparations for war, 
and conducts foreign treaties ; but is de« 
prived of the power of pardoning crimi- 
nals. He has an annual income of about 
i,iOQ,oool. fterling. 

" The Legislative Assembly is 
compofed of a Prelident, fix Secretaries, 
and 745 Members. 

** They meet in one Chamber, fwear 
to live free or die, and exercifc the legif- 

'^ Its Members may be diofen t# • 
fucceeding Legiflature, but are not re« 
eligible till one has intervened. 

<< Its power is permanent, bilt ita 
Members ntlift be renewed biennially, and 
it cannot bcdiflfolved by the King. 

'< The proceedings are printed and 
inade public, 

** Its fun£lions are exclufively to pro- 
pofe and decree Laws ; to fix and fuper- 
intend taxes, public expences or revenues \ 
and to regulate the coin t to decide on 
peace or wai',in conjun^ion with the King 1 
to ratify treaties of alliance and commerce s 
to create or fupprefs offices, and confer 
honours : to watch the condu^ of the 
Adminiftrative Bod^ ) and to fix the mili« 
tary force. Each Msmbeif receives a fa* 
lary of 1 5s. per diem* 

** National a£Eairs are invefUgated by ita 

** The Nation has an imperfcriptible 
right to levife its Conftitution at any time, 
but has fufpended the cxercife of that 
right for thirty years. 

" TheADMiNisTRATiTEor Execa« 
tive Power is mana^ by Aflfemblies of 
Departments, Di(bi6ts, and Municipali* 
ties, under the King ; and the Adminiftra- 
tort have no legiflativetior judicial power* 

** Thefe .AJemblies are divided into • 
Bureaus, and Councils toexataine the a^« 
counts of the Bureaus. ** 

<< The Aflemblies of Departments and 
Diftrifts have fiaular fun6iions, viz. To 
fix the proportion of Taxes, pafs Muni* 
cipal Accounts, manage the Poor, Mi* 
litia, and all public budnefs. TheMu* 
nicipal Aflfemblies have their Bureaus » 
divided into five Departments for the dif- 
ferent parts of Police. 

" The Judicial Power, delegated $0 
Judges chofen by the people for fix years» 
is independent of the King and L^ifU* 
tive Anembly, but difpenfed ia the lung^t 

" In CMi Cafes it is managed, firffr, 
by arbitration j fecond, by Juftices of the 
Peace in each Canton $ third, a Tribunal 
in every diftri6l, with &iit Judges, a 
King^s CommifTary, &c. 

** In Criminal Cafes the proceedings 
arc by Juries. There is, firft, a High 
National Court for cafes of High Trea- 
fonj fecond, a Criminal Tribunal in each 
Department, with a Jury of Accufation, 
fimilar to the Grand Jury of England ; and 
beildes, a Court of Annulment, to annul 
the decifions of other Courts, Judges of 
Commerce, and Family Arbiters. 

«* The Judges receive falaries/ and ad* 
minifter juilice without fee. 

** Every man may plead his owa caufe^ 

U-tt^ ! 

l^OR JULY 1J91. ij, 

kfi^ysy ^bUoToplucal, Uiftoricaly ftnd Literary. Vol. II. iBvo. <«. l)i]Iy, 
[ Concludid from FoL XXI. Pi^/ 183.] 

tjSSAY XXJtIX. is an « Analyfis of 
JCj BiChop Butler's Analogy ;" and is, 
Vtdeed, a judiciouft and ufenil review of 
one of the profoundeft and moft ralu- 
tnr^fes in the EngliOi language. 

Effay XL. >« entitled, " Reflexions on 
the French Revolution." After giving, 
juftly enough, a brief hiftorical detail of 
the great particulars which have character- 
ized this celebrated event down to De- 
^*mber 1790, our Eflayift prefaces liis re- 
flexions with this bold declaration, ** Up- 
on a candid and impartial review of the 
aSs and proceedings of the Affembly, it 
muft be acknowledged, that fo great, fo 
extcnfive, and fo bcmfidal a reformation, 
has never before been attempted by any 
ration \ and that in the (hort I'pace of time 
which has elapfed fmce it was convened, 
tajore has been accompli fhed for the glory 
and happinefs of the community, thaa 
could previoufly liQve been imagined pof . 

^ fible for the highcft' efforts of wiidom and 

perfcvcrance to effeft.'* This language 
IS too poiitive, and carries too much the 
aopearance of political cnthufiafm, to give 
the reader a favourable opinion of the re- 
fle^Uons that fucceed. The prefent fitua- 
tion of France docs but little honour to 
the political fagacity of thofe Revolution- 
ifts who have fo confidently from this 

\ event prcdifted the greateft glory and hap- 

pincfs not only to the French, but to the 
European nations in general. A weak 
mind^ ignorant of the real fa6l, would be 
apt to imagine, from what fvich wiiters 
as the prtfer.t Eflayift have advanced upon 
the fubjeft of the French RcvoUuion, that 
human nature iticlf takes a change from 
this period ; that ambition, avarice, and 
the other paflions th • t have fo^ exienfive an 
influence upon communities^ are about to 
ccafe in their operations 3 and that the glo- 
rious Millennial ft ate, wherein wars and 
6ll public and private corruptions will be 
Unknown, is faft approaching. 

Our author fwells and bieaks into all 
the turgid pomp of declamator)' panegyric 
upon the National Affembly, and then 
peremptorily obfcrves, that «* England up- 
on this great and interefting occafion has 
not difcovered in . her pubhc conduft the 
liational chara^eriftics of generofity or 
magnanimity." What an idea he may 
have of national ^enetofiij is beft known 
to hiaifelf j but tor our parts we cannot 
help rd9e6ting, that the conduft of Eng- 
bHd on this occaiion lias v been more 

generous, than that of France upon our 
rupture with North Amerita. Could it 
realbnably be expelled that we fhould 
have exerted foch a Quixotic love of revo- 
lutions, as formally to efpoufe the caufir 
of the National Aflembly againft any op- 
pofition with which their labours might oe 
threatened by other Eoropean powers ^ 
6uch n generous magnanimity would have 
been a madnefs which the wildeft fchem^ 
of politics would not have countenanced* 
The Eflayift takes particular notice of the 
oblervations whicii the French Rerolutioii 
occafioned In the Britifli Houi'e of Com- 
mons, and, after condemning in very fcvere 
terms the conduft of Mr. Burke and the 
Minifter, proceeds to inveftigate what he. 
calls the grand and beautiful model of 
government fettled by the French. With 
all his warmth, however, in favour of this 
event, he has difcemment enough to ob- 
ferve defers in iKi% grand and beautiful 
models and fufiicient candour to animad- 
vert upon them, particularly the deftmc- 
tion of hereditary titles ot honour and 
diftindlions of rank, and the excluiion of 
officers of the Crown from the National 
Aflembly. The following^ refleaion on 
the difference between the EngiiOi and 
French Conftitutions is very juft : Havinjj 
admitted the fuperiority of the latter over 
the former in many ftriking points, ha 
fays, «< yet in this moft important rcfpt^t 
that of England has, I think, mMnifefily 
the advantage— that in her general plan oi 
government, England adapts her poliiicai 
provifions to the nature and pafhons o\ 
men as they aftually are, while France 
appears to confider them ohly, or chiefiy, 
as they ought to be. If the National Af- 
fembly of France was compofed of mca 
not fubjeft to humari frailty, no attempts 
would ever be made to encroach on the 
province of the executive power. If Uie 
Kings of France were always generous 
and difinterefted jjatriots, they would not 
wifli to dirtft or mfluence the coiidu^ of 
the Legiflative body, but would be fatif- 
fled with the glory of executing their de- 
crees* As neither of thefe fuppofitions, 
however, arc very probable, 1 conceive 
that form of government to be more eli- 
gible which has oppofed infunerablc bar* 
riers to any encroachments ot the legifla- 
tive upon the executive pow<rr, and whjch 
admitting, aftd even authoriiing the ex- 
' ecutive power to exert an high degree of 
influence uver the detcrniinaiions of ithe 
F iegiflasiftf 



legiAative body, is folicitous only to 
prevent that influence from being per- 
verted to pernicious or unconftitutional 

Our EfTayift fubjoins to his refle6lions 
a ^ply to Mr. Burke^s celebrated work 
upon the French Revolution, in Vhich he 
condemns it in the moft unqualified terms, 
as " dangcrouily calculated to footh the 
pride, to dazzle the imagination, and to 
inflame the ambition of Kings j'*— and 
that " it has a tendency to reprefs, or 
rather to extingui/h, every generous emo- 
tion of the foul, *nd to plunge us again in- 
to the chaos of Gothic ignorance and dark* 
nefs/^ Such language as this, and from 
an anonymous writer, is too much mark- 
ed by party prejudice and fplenetic refent- 
ment, not to draw from us the ftix>ng 
cenfure .of difapprobation. Mr. Burke 
has not more warmly^ exprefled his fenti- 
inents in behalf of hereditary governments, 
and the prelcrvation of fixed conilitutioAs, 
than Lis prefent opponent ha's vehemently 
and rldiculoufly .wandered into the ex- 
tremeft ^anaticii'm of oppolite politics. 

In ElTay XLI. and laft, vi^e arepre- 
fcnted with •< Obfervations on the -Teft 
Laws.** This fhould rather have been en- 
titled, " An Attempt to confute the Bifhop 
•f St. David*s Review of the Cafe of the 
Proteftant Dilfentcrs ;**i— beihg, in faft, 
little more than a warm and very indecent 
attack upon his Lordfhip on account of 
that publicatiop, of which he is commonly 
reputed the author.— -The Eflayilt 
dwells particularly upon that ai'gument 
for the lepeal of thefe laws which is drawn 
from the occaflon of them. He obferves, 
that there being now no farther dread of 
Popery, the laws ought to be repealed in 

fratiiude to the Diffenterf, who have 
itherto fliewn ihemfclves ftrcnuous fup- 
porters of the Revolution and the prefent 
reigning family.— Let it be anfwered,That 
if there is now no fear of Pojiery, every 
rcfti-aint fhould be taken away as well 
from Roman Catholics, as from the Pro- 
tef^ant Diflenters.^ Why fhould the ab- 
juration oath, and the oath againfl Tran- 
fubilantiation, and the militai'y difqualifi. 
cation oath, be retained, anV more than 
the laws immediately in queition $ efpeci. 
ally uQw, when there is kC$ to fear fi om 
t!ie p^rty opprelfed by the former, than 
from thofe who complain fo vehemently of 
tlic latter ? We fay, there is lefs to fear 
from the firft, bccaufe its numbers arc in- 
fignificant, the faaiily to which tlicy have 
been fuppofed attached is as good as ex • 
i\v.Stf and theirjeligion does jiot wear that 
political cail which formerly chara^terizci 

it. The ProteAant DifTenterS/ en tfl« 
contrai-y, are vaftly moie in number; the 
principal perfons who hold the hecefTity 
of a reforni of our Conflitution, which i$ 
but a mild term for s total change, are of 
that fe6l ; and the Socinian tenets, which 
have almoft entirely fwal lowed up the 
creed of their ancettors, render them fliU 
^more inimical to the Ei^ablifhed Church* 
The grounds of their diffent now are 
very different from, and of a more ferioua 
nature thsln what they were formerly, and 
confequently render the party much more 
dangerous. Our EfTayifr, not with much 
politenefs, roundly fays, that the Bifhop 
of St. David*s aifertion of the Noncon- 
formifls* degeneracy from Calvinifm ia 
fal/e. We are confident that, generally 
fpeaking, it is true j and there lie now be* 
fore us MS. accounts of the principal 
di/Tenting congregations in three of the 
mofl eminent counties in England, drawn 
up by their refpe6live teachers, for the 
purpofe, itfeems, of obtaining an accurate 
view of the prefent flate of Nonconformity, 
which confirm the tr*ith of this charge. 
Whatevei- may be the cafe with refpeft |q 
a few obfcure congregations, we are cei- 
tainthat by far the mod confiderable ones 
are oppofite to their auceilors* CoofcfUon 
of Faith. 

The learned prelate had faid, ** that 
there is no degree of infamy, or even of 
difgrace, attached to tlws exclufion** 0f 
the Proteftant DifetUers from citiil cfficis \ 
and, ** that the cxclufions of the Corpo-- ' 
ration and Telt A6ls hardly amount to in- 
capacities ; becaufe they declare no in- 
capacities but fuch which the individual 
hath in his own power at any time to 
efface.** Upon iliis the Obicrver, with 
much illiberaiity, and in the true old 
Sectarian fpirit, exclaims, *« What an ad- 
mirable Inquifitor General would thia 
meek and mercitiii !^i(liop have made ! In 
the Time fpirit, good Bi/hop Bon ntr^ doubt- 
kfs, would not hcliute,in vindication of the 
wholefome ieverities of his tim^ to fay, 
** that the penalties infl!6\ed by thewiiiii^ 
b^retico comburendo hardly amounted to 
penalties, becaufe they were fuch as the 
mdividual, by a dutiful fubnuffion to the 
Church, had it in his power at any time 
to efface.'* There is a wide diffcreace 
in tliefe cafes ; the >i\\^ is an exclufion for 
the prefcrvation of the ponltitulion, to 
which even the Heir Apparent is liable : 
and the other is politive perfecution, in all 
its wickednefs. Can thefe be compared ? 
If io^ the prdent writer may be compared 
to the able reafoner he has here undtx- 

Uken to confute, ^^QQQglg 


FOR JULY 1792; 


With the tno^ unwarrantable pertnefs, 
after a compiinient to the Anglican 
Church (whether fincereiy made or not is 
bcft known to the Author), he adds, " If 
it is diigraced by the conduct aod fenti* 
Bents of a Laud, a Sacheverel, or a 
HoHky, I recoUeft alfo, with pride and 
cxultatkniy that it ha^pi-oduced a Tillot* 
ion, a Hoadley, and a Watfon/* Can 
aov lover of found learning and piety be* 
hold fuch a connexion, and invidious op* 
pofition, without feeling an indignant 
emotion at the infolence ? The placing 
Sachefcrel between fuch prelates as Laud 
and Horfley, is condftent only with the 
mUd rpirit of fanatical bigotry. If we 
were to place Hugh Peters beiwecn the 
Aames of Price and PrielUey, would not 
the Eilayift and his friends condemn us 
Ibr want of ienfe and candour ? 

If the lull fpiritof Seftaiianifin is not 
Splayed in the above quoted palTages, it 
Mazes in the farcaftic notice which the 
Obfovcr takes of " Biflio^s beinjf clotbfii 
k furpU and fine linen (in alhilion, no 
Ambt, to the ftate of the rich nian in the 
Go(jpel), lodged in palaces, and placed 
vpon thrones amongii the Princes of the 
knd, furrounded with all the luxuries 
that art or nature can fupply." The 
condud of the Nonconformiits in ma- 
fiaging the controverfy between themielvea 
and the Church, has always been iiovlai* 
to that exhibited by the prefent writer \ and 
from vindicating themfelveSt they have 
proceeded to invc^ve againft prelatical 

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Manners and Cuftoms, 2<c. By G. Imlay, 8vo. 4s. Debrctt. 

pride and avarice^. It would be as abfurd, 
nowever, to expe£l that ChrilHan Mini- 
fters fhould now imitate our Saviour and 
his ApoiUes in their ftaic of abje^liqn, as 
that they fliould, in iuntaiioa of them, 
couit an itineiant Hfe, with all its atten- 
dant inconveniences and probable perfc» 
cutions. If the Nonconformifts are dif- 
pleafed with the prelates of the Anglican 
Church for their wealthy revenues and 
fplendour of rank, as confidering Inch a 
ftate not confonant to the fpirit of Chrifti- 
anity, why do themfclves complain io 
heavily of an cxclufion from civil offices, 
on account of their religious tenets, when 
the ambition of fuch ofiices is unwai rant- 
ed by the authority of Chrift and his 
Apoftles ? 

It would be no difficult matter to reply 
to the fubftance of what is advanced in 
thefc obfervations, though fome oi them 
are undoubtedly (hrewd, and deierve clofe 
confidtration ; but fuch a province does not 
pi^pcrly belong to us. We felt it, indeed, 
apiece of juilice to ix>intom the inflances 
of the Obfcrver** ilhberality againft fo re- 
fpe^ble a ciiara6ler as the Bifliop of St. 
David^s, and which come with a pcculiai: 
ill grace 6rcm an anonymous writer. 

We now take our leave of thefc Effayt, 
and pronounce, in general, that the Itylt 
of them is neat and corre6^, and that they 
evince the Author to be a man of exien- 
five reading, with no fmall ihare of in* 
genuity and judgment. 

fHE prefent publication is of confider- 
*' able inportaitce to the Philofopher, 
the Politician, and the Moralift. It dif- 
clofes a variety of fa^s which aftoniOi a 
mind unaccutiomed to comenoplate the 
laws of nature, of civil polity, and the 
fcblime fyftem of Chriftian moi-ality : 
it unfolds fome principles which, from 
tbeir fpecioufrrfs and noveltv, are well 
^rthy the con{ideration of ail clafies of 
mtn. * - 

Toobferve an extenfivc, uninhabited, 
and very remote region, (ituate in the 
nidft ot vait and almoft imptnetrable fo- 
irfls, rife of the fudden, as it were by iu- 
cbantment, .to the degree of oopulation, 
cultivation, fplendour, and political con- 
^oencc, in ilie manner detaile^l by our 
aotbor, mull excite the highell degice of 
wonder and furprize ; nay, it borders fo 
iKirly OD the marv«llousy that w€ fluxild 

not credit it without the fulleft evidence 
of the fa6^s. But as it does appear from 
the teftimony of all the late wiiiejs wha. 
have written on the fubje6l, that ih» 
Weftern Territory of the United State* 
wa^ gener. lly witi;oat St^ttlcrs at the con» 
clufion of the late war, and liiat by an A£t 
of Congrefs of the 4th of February i79i» 
it is declared, that on the iftof June 1794 
«* The new State of Kentucky fliall b« 
received and admitted into the Union as a 
new and entire Member of the United 
Stales of America,'! « a ' convi61ion ne- 
ceflarilv refults, that a State has been po- 
pulatecl, cultivated, and progjcffcd fo tar 
as to have eftabliOied for itfelt a charafler 
among the nations of the earth in the ihort 
fpace of nine yean. 

There are alio other circumftancet 
which induce us to give credit to the pre- 
itnt Work« It appears from the A^s of 

f z ^,y,.... ., ^ Congrefst 



Corgreff, that they have likewlfc efta. 
t)lilhcd a Government over a lately fettled 
diihiil denominated •* The Territory 
North Weft of the Ohio:" that they have 
admitted, on the 4th of March 1791, ano- 
ther new State under the name and ftiic of 
** The State of Vermont ;" and that from 
the hite'cenfus taken of tlic inhabitants it 
f ppears probable, that ten yeais more will 
farni(h three or four more additional links 
to virhat in that country is emphatically' 
termed the Federal Chain. 

The arrangement and ftyle of this Au- 
thor, confidering him as a foldier and 
land-furveyor, which appear to have 
been his particular avocations, are not 
contemptible, but on the contrary fcem 
capable of making an impreflion favour* 
^ble to the literary talents of his country- 

We (hall conclude with the feleflion of 
a few paflligs from the book, and ex- 
prtfling a wi(h that it had been accom« 
panied with a corre£^ and particular map 
0f the country he defcribes. 

" The calculated rife of the American 
empire, which thefe letters contain, wil| 
|iot, I think, -appear extravagant, when 
we recoiled the rapid ftrides which have 
advanced it to its prefent ^ourilhing Aate 
pf wealth artd population. 

" In the Life of Edward Drinker, 
iwhich was .publiihed in Philadelphia, 
,April 1783 *, arc contained thcfc remark- 
able particulars : 

** Edward Drinker was born in a cot* 
taee in 16SS, on the fpot where the city 
of Philadelphia now Itandsi which was 
inhabited, at the time of his birth, by 
Indians, and a few Swede§ and Hol- 

^ He often talked of picking black* 
^rrlcs, and catching wild rabbits, whefe 
this populous city is now feated. He re- 
membered the arrival of William l^enn, 
tftad ufed to point out the (pot where the 
cabin ftood in wliich that adventurer and 
his friends were accommodated on their 

** He faw the fame fpot of earth, in the 
courfe of his own liie, cuvtred with wpo()s 
and bnfhes, the receptacles of wild beads 
a .'d birds of prey, afterwards become the 
ieat of a great and fiouriQiing ciiyt not 
pnly thefirlt in wealth and arts in ^me« 
rica, but equalled but hj fpw in £u* 

'< He faw fplendid churches rife upon 
inoraHiss, where he ufrd to hear nothing 
hut the crwf\if\t\gof frogs ; great wharfs 
and ^^artrhouft!!, where he had often feen 
fiiyagif diaw their ii.h from tlie river j he 

faw that river afterwards receiving fhipt 
and merchandise from every part of the 
globe, which, in his youth, had nothing 
bigger than an Indian canoe* 

** He had been the fubjefl of many 
crowned heads t but when he heard of th« 
oppreffiyeand unconftitutional A£lS paiTed 
in Britain, he bought them all, and gavo 
them to his grandlons to make kites of ; 
and embraditg the liberty and indepen- 
denccof his country, after feeing the be* 
ginning and end of the Britiih empire in 
rennfj^lvania, and after triumphing ik the 
eftabliihment of freedom, he died in No* 
vembcr 178a. 

•* I repeat, that when we recolleft tha 
wonderftil changes which have taken pbc^ 
during the life of one man, in PennfyU 
vania, under all the difad vantages with 
which the population of that country waa» 
attended, as well a* the reft of America,, 
pofteritywlU not deem it extraordinary,- 
ihould thev find the country fettled quite 
acroTs to ine Pacific Ocean, in lefs thai> 
another century." 

*^ It naturally ftruck me, that there wat 
(bmething in climate that debafcd or ele* 
Tated the human foul. That chill penur]r 
which a fterile country and damp cold dU 
mate produces, in accumulating the wanta 
of men, had increafed their dependance^ 
which at once faps the firll principles of 
man. I conceived that in the infancy of 
the world men in temperate climates ha4 
retained their freedom longeiL Thus ia 
England you have enjoyed a confidehtble 
(hare of liberty, while almoll all Europe 
have fuffered under the fetters of an odiou^ 
defpotifin. The perfe^ion of arts will 
mt^Iiorat^ the condition of man in every 
part of the world ; but the melioration of 
government and education muft take place 
before he will be abl^to refume hispnftine 

^« From Limcftone to Licking Creel^ 
the Country is immenfelv rich, and co<r 
veredwith cane» rycrgraf^, and the native 
clover, The cane it a reed whifh growa 
to the height frequently of fifteen or fix-; 
teen feet, but more generally about ten cr 
twelve feet, and is in thicknefs from thf 
fize of agoofe-quiil to thatof twp inches dia^T 
meter ; fbmetimes, yet fcldom, it is larger. 
When it is (lender, it never grows higher 
than from four to (even feet j it (hoots up 
in one fummer, but produces no leaves 
until the following year. It is an ever- 
green, and is, perhaps, the moft nourifhi 
ins food for cattle upon eaith. No other 
muk Of butter has fuch flayour and rich, 
neis as that whicii is produced from cowa 
which feed upon cane. Horfes wiiicb fte4 

f §«e this A'ticlei^ our M^S^^c for April 1^92]; p. 2^6w 

FOR JULY 1792; 


VfKMi It w6rk Heai'ly as well as if the\' were 
fed upon com, provided care is taken to 
give tfaenny once in three or four daysy a 
handful of fait, otherwife this food is 
liable to heat and bind their bowels. The 
rye-grafsy when it arrives to maturity, is 
ftova two feet and a half high to three and 
a half, and the head and bHcard refembles 
the real rye, and fometimes produces a 
£nail grain, long and (letf^der, not unlike 
rye. Whctbep cultivation would bring it 
to the fame periewlion, I can form no idea ) 
it is, however, certain, that it is a very 
good and valuable grafs. The clover is in 
no reipefi different from the clover in £u* 
' rope, but as it is more coarfe and luxu* 
fiant. There is a variety of other kinds 
of grafs, which are found in difffrent 
places ) but I have only mentioned the 
two former, they being eUcemcd the moil 

'< Here it found all the variety of foil 
and climate neceif try to the culture of 
rvery kind uf grain, fibrous plants, cot. 
ton, fruits vegetables, and all forts of 
provifions. The Upper Settlements on the 
Ohio produce chimy wheat, oats, barley, 
rye, Indian corn or maize, hemp and flax* 
The fruits are, apples, pears, cherries, 
peaches, plums, diawberne^t rafpbcrries, 
currants, goofcberries, and grapes. Of 
caiinary plants and vegetables there aroi 
funiips, potatoes,, carrots, parfnipsy cym« 
biline or fqualh, cucumbers, peale, beans, 
afparagus, cabbages, brocoli, celery, and 
iailadt; beHdes which there are melons 
and herbs of every fort. The provifion 
conltfis of beef, poi k, mutton, veal, and 
a variety of poultry, fucb as ducks, Muf- 
povy ducks, turktes, geefe» dunghill 
fowls, and pigeons. The fuperfluous 
provi/ioBS are fold to the emigrants, who 
are continually paiHng through thofe fet- 
tiemcints in their route to the different cli(^ 
irifts of country, and which I have enu- 
merated. Some confiderable quantity of 
Ipiriu tliftilled from rye, and likewifc cy- 
lier, arc fcni down the river to a market, 
in thofe infant feiiltmcnts where the in- 
habitants have not had time to bring or- 
(hards to any perfe£lion, or have not a 
faper6uity of grain to dlilil into fpirits. 
The beef, pork, and flour, are difpoled of 
in the fame way. The flax and hemp are 
packed on horfes, and fent acrofs the 
mountain to the inland towns of Pcnn- 
fjlvania and Maryland ; and (as I hinted 
in a former letter) in a few years, when 
grazing forms the principal obje6lof thofe 
ktikrrs, they \' ill always find amarket for 
fljtircattle at Fhilu'^clf bis, JBjiam9re, and 

<< Thefe fettlements n^ht prodace % 
confiderable quantity of fu gar, but hither* 
to what they have made has ferved for lit* 
tie more than home confumption, a» 
pvery part of the back country from lat. 
4i» to 36» produces fuch an abundance of 
the fugar maple- tree as would he equal t^ 
furniih fugar for the inhabitants of tha 
whole earth} and to fend it to any of the 
market towns on tlie Atlantic, is too far 
to be profitable until the canals of the Po^ 
towmac fliall have been finifhed. That 
country produces alio all the pot-herbt 
which are common in Europe \ feveral 
kinds of nuts grow in the foreftit, fuch at 
chefnuts, hickory, and black waluuts* 
The mountains, hilU, and uninhabited 
part, abound in deer, wild turkies, and n 
fpecies of groufe which are called by tht 
Americans promifcuoufly partridge o# 
pheafant. There is an abundance of wild* 
fowl, as is indeed the cafe in every part 
of the wcflern country \ to enumerate 
thefe could prove neither amufcment doc 

**' Linen and woollen cloths, leather, ao<l 
hats, for home confumption, are manu* 
fa£lured with confiderable fuccefs. Tb^ 
two firfl articles are only made in fami- 
lies for their own ufe \ but the latter ai^ 
made by men of profeflion in that bufi- 
nefs, and are of a quality that would not 
dif|;race the mechanics ot Europe. Black« 
fmith's work of all forts, even to making 
fire«arms, is done there ; as is alfo cabi- 
net-work, wheelwright, mill-wnghty 
houfe*carpentry, joinery, Oioe makmg, 
Zee, &c. ; in mort, all the trades imme- 
diately ncceflary to the promotion of the 
comforts of new fettlements are to be 
found here.*' 

<* We have various other minerals, fucl| 
as iiion (which is the moft ufeful), cop- 
per, lead, iiilphur, nitrr, &c. 5cc. Iron 
ore is found in great plenty upon the 
nortliern branches of Licking Creek, and 
likewife upon the waters of Green Kivcr. 
A lead mine has been worked many yeart 
<vith cotifiderable profit, which lies in the 
county of Montgomery, upon the watery 
of the Great Kanhaway. There is ano- 
ther between the Cumberland and Tena-; 
fee rivers, which is faid to be very valu- 
able, and its ore is more pure than any 
other which has been difcovered in Ame. 
rica. But the lead mine on the Mifliffippi 
niuit prave inexhauflible. It extend^ 
from the mouth of Rock River more than 
loo miles upwards. Befides thefe there 
are fcvcral others, fome of which lie on 
the Spanifh fide of the Mifiiffippi, an^ 
hgyc ^cu u(ed I'or years pa& Copper 
^'^-'-^--y -^ — _ miaee 



mmet have been difcorered in fcveral 
places, but the mine on the Wabafh Is, 
perhaps, the richcft vein of native copper in 
•he bowrls ot the whole earth, ami , no doubt, 
"^iU render all the others of little or no 
^ahie. Sulphur is found in feveral place* 
in abundance, and nitre is made from 
earth which is coUt6led from caves and 
other places to which the wet has not pe- 
netrated. The making this fait, in this 
country, is fo common, that many of the 
icttlei's manufa<5lure their own gunpowder. 
This earth js difcovered in greater plenty 
on the waters of Gretn River than it is in 
»ny oihrr part of Kentucky 5 but perhaps 
ftiil fartl'.er fouthward it will be found in 
greater plenty. However, it is fo com- 
mon in every part of the country, that it^ 
might be made a confiderablc article for 
exportation. I have heard of black-lead 
mines upon the head waters of the Iven- 
tucky, but I have not betn r.ble to pro- 
cure any certa'n information rc(pe6ling 
them. But I (hould conceive that there 
can be little <!t>\ibt ♦b".t, when the coun- 
try, ani particularly the mountainous 
pajtsof it, arc well explored, all the ufe- 
lul minerals will be foond in abunda'nce.'* 
** A log-houfc is very foon ere6lcd, and 
.in conlequencc of llie friendly difpofition 
which ex ids among thofe hofpitablc peo- 
ple, every neighbour flew to the afliftance 
of each other upon occafions of emer- 
gency. Sometimes they were built of 
round logs entirely* covered with rived 
a(h fhineles, and the interltices lloppcd 
vriUi clay, or lime and fand, to keep out 
the weathrr. The next objcft was to open 
the land for cultivation. There is very 
little under- wood in any part of this coun- 
ti y^ fo that by cutting up the cane, and 
girdling the trees, you are fure of a crop 
of corn. The fertility of the foil amply 
repflys the labourer for his roil j for if the 
large trees are not very numwous, and a 
large propoition of thcin the fugar maple, 
it is very likely from this injpcrteA culti- 
TntJon, that the ground will yield from 5p 
to 4o bushels cf com to the a^e. The 
fccond cr'^p wiil be nrK)ie ample 5 and as 
the ihnde i*^ icmoved by culling the tim- 
ber away, grojt part of our lanft will pi*®- 
diicc froiu 70 to 100 burtiels of corn from 
an acre. This extraordinary fertility 
enables the farmer who has but a fmail 

eapital to increafe his wealth m t moft ' 
rapid manner (I mean by wealth the com- 
fbrrs of life). His cattle and hogs will 
find fulHcient food in the woods, not only 
for tbem to fubfift upon, bvt to fatten 
them. His horfes vrant no provender the 
greateft part of the year, except cane and 
wild clover 5 but he may afford to feed 
them with com the fecond year. Hif 
garden, with little attention, produce* 
him all the culinary roots and vegetablct 
neceffary for his table 5 and the prolific in- 
ci-eafe of his hogs and poultry will furnilh 
him the fecona year, without fearing to 
injure hrs ftock, with a pl;nty of animal 
food ; and in three or four years his i\ock. 
of cattle and (beep wiil prove fufiicient to 
fupply him with both beef and mutton j- 
and he may continue his plan at the fame 
time of increafine his Itock of thofe ufefu^ 
anim.Js, By the fourth year, provide4 
he is induflrious, he may have his plan- 
tation in fufficicnt good order to build a 
better houfe, which he can do either of 
ftone, brick, or a framed wooden build.. 
ing, the principal articles of which will 
colt him. little nK>re than the labour of 
himfelfand domed ics } and he may rea- 
dily barter or fell fome part of the fuper- 
fluous prqduflions of his farm, which it 
will by this time afford, and procure fuch 
things as he may /land in need of for the 
completion of his building. Apples^ 
peaches, pears, &c. &c. he ought to plant 
when hi; finds a foil or eligible fitiiatioa 
to place them in, as that will iv>t hinder^ 
or in any degree divert him from the oh- 
je6i of his aggrandizement. I have taken 
no notice of the game he might killr as it 
is more a facrifice of time to an induA. 
trious man than any real advantage. 

♦* Such has been the progrefs of the fettle* 
ment of this country, from dirty (btiont' 
or forts, and fmoky huts, that it has ex<* 
panded into fertile fields, blufhing op- 
chaids, pleafant gardens, luxuriant lugar- 
groves, neat and coininodious lK>ufes2. 
rifing villages, and trading towns. Tea 
years have protluced a difference in the 
population an^ comforts of this country^ 
which to be pourtrayed in iuft cotourt 
woi|l(t appear marvellous. To have im- 
plicit faith or belief that fuch things have 
happened, it is firll neceflfary to be (as ( 
have been) a fjpe<5lator of fuch events'* 

Tl>c Cafe of Defcrtign and Affli£lIon confidered, in a Courfe of Sennons on the 
Firll Ten Vcrfes of the 77th Pfalm. Piciched at Ottciy Su Mary [Devon]. 
J>y John Lavington, jun. iimo. as. 6d. Boards. 

'T'HESE Strmons, which are eight in 
•* number, are nt/t envitUd to our notior, 
•onfidercd as cc:2:^?oUtioRS, btin;; exceed- 

ingly plain, and totally unadoriied with 

thofe rhetorical elegancies which arc the 

piiucipal iv.t4,uinicudaiioD of leimons at 

i the 



rile prefent ^ay* But while readers •£ 
mere tafte may be induced to throw this 
littie volume afide with contempt^ the re- 
linoflfly dUpofed mind, and particularly 
if in a ftate of affliftion, will find it very 
beneficial - and abundantly €oi%iblatory. 
The author appear* to have made the di- 
vine* about the middle of the laft century 
the model of bis difcourfrs, which renders 
both their form and the language rather 

Though they are evidently upon the 
moderate Calviniftic fyftem, yet they are 
indiiBiiguifl'icd by the gloomy intiicacies 
of it, and are dire£Ud more to the heart 
tiun to the Itead. 

Tl>c Britifti Plutarch. Containing the Lives of the moft eminent Statefflicn, Patriots* 
Divines, Warriors, Philofophers, Poets, and Artifts of Great Britain and Ireland, 
from tlic Acceflion of Henry VIII. to tlie prefent Time. Including a compendioit* 
View of the Hiftory of England during that Period. The 3d Edition, rcviftd, 
corre^ed, andconfiderably enlarged by the Addition of new Lives. 8 Vols, ismow 
iSs. Boards. Dilly. 

The author was a refpe^able diflenting 
nrinifter at Oltery, where his father iujxr- 
intended an academy fur training up 
young men for the miniftry, and had for 
his pupil the htereverend and icirned Mr* 
Badcock. Mr. Lr^vington, \n. died 
about twenty years lince, and was relatcA 
to Dr. George Lavington, Bi(hop of Ex- 
eter, to whom he commimicated ibme 
anecdotes of the Methodi^ls, which vretv 
inferted in his LordHiip^s witty nnd cele« 
brated performance, " The Enihuiiafia 
of the MethodiUs and Papifts compared.** 


S it does not fall within our province 
* *• to take particular notice of the former 
«lttions, we (hall only mention, that the 
laft, which was the ftcond^ confifted of 

plan of the Britifli Plutarch, that of wri- 
ting the Lives of die moft eminent mca 
who flouriilied during the pei iovl in which 
they lived, he did not conlider the thr 

fix volumes, and continued this epitomifcd perfons jult mentioned in thai Atpcriativ* 

Biographical Hiftory of England nearly degree of eminence in which they Icnn y^ 

to tlie lime of publ cation, viz. the year have been viewed by the prefent Editor, 

17765 the laft of the public Lives, in tlie who, thoufrh he has not thought piopix 

fixdi volume, being that of the celebrated to grace the title-page with his najne,* 1« 

George Lord Lyiielton, Statefman, Hrf- known to be an hiftorical writer and cri- 

torian, Orator, and Poet, who died in tic of eftablifhed reputation in the Repub-» 

»773J,but the Lives of diftiiiguiflied lie of Letters. 

pnvate men arc not brought down 
to a later period than 17549 the volume 
<k)fing witK the life of Henry Field- 


The prefent edition takes that Life into 
the fevcnth volume, and proceeds to thofe 
of fuch eminent public and private cha- 
rtfters, as have been removed from the 
theatre of this world to a^ their parts 
hereafter In a better, fince the date of the 
laft edition. 

The Lives thus added in progrcflive or- 
der are thole of Dr. Benjamin Hoadley 
Biftiop Off Winchefter, Dr. Edward 
Young, Mr. Samuel Richardfon, Dr. 
Nathaniel Lardricr, William Hogarth, 
Dr. John Jortin. Mr. Thomas Gray, Da- 
fid Hume, William Shenltone, Dr. Tho- 
mas Newton Bifhop of Briftol, and Dr. 
Akeniidc, which terminates the feventh 
Volume. The prefent Editor has lik«- 

The eighth Volume, which i* !>>' far the 
moft valuable, contains the lives ot \Vu- 
liam Pitt Earl of Chafham, Dr. J^hnlba, 
Sterne, David Garrick, Dr. i»inolJi% 
Charles Churchill, Lord Clive, Smui^d 
Foote, Captjin Cook, Dr. GoldfijiiH:/ 
Sir William Blackffone, Jonas Hanway, 
and Dr. Lowth Bi.liop of London. 
^ On fome of iliefc Lives, and on otiwr 
circumfta.nccs rerpc^lingtlw p:^emedirioa 
and the woik itJlif,' we ihall make a ftfw 
curfory rcmaiks for the ini«^-mation of otr 

We cannot by any means approve cf 
opening the i" venth volume w ith tlie Life 
of Bi(hop Attcrburyj it is not only m 
total deviation in the order of time, thcre« 
by taking a retrogr.nle inftead of that pia- 
giefHve courfe which the continuation of 
a compendious vic^v of the Hrftoiy of E«- 
gland required, and which Mr. Mortiimr 

wife, in this vohi me,' gone back to remoter had fedubufly purfaed, but it introdnce* 

eras to fupply what we imagine he thought 
was defective in the laft editioi), and has 
riven the Lives of Atterbury Bifhop of 
Kcchefter, of Sir Richard Steele, and of 
Dmiei De Foe. The belt apjiogy we can 
nuke for Mr. Moi ttrnt r, the Editor of that 
<4iiiyii« isj that adhejin£ to the orii^inal 

a life of little confeq«ience, and at bcft but 
of panial eitcem. A bifrot, a mover of 
ftditton, a fraitor to the Vrince upon the 
throne and his family, under* whom he 
enjoyed his honours and emolument^^ 
ihoiUd not have been brought to light 
again, iu a feoTuii of uni verihl toleraiion« 



ftnd of a5live <eat for the religious and 
ciyii liberties of mankind { and it is the 
taovt to be wondered at, as the reputed 
£ditor is a DKTcnting Minifter, and a 
member of the preient Aflbciations for 
lupportU^g the juft rights of the people j 
whi^ft Atterbuiy on the contrary, i^ his 
do^rines, example, and indueoce could 
have prevailed, would have deprived the 
people firft of their religious rights, and 
next of their civil> to furrender one into 
liie hands of his High Church Convoca- 
tion, and the other to the mercy of the 
exiled Uoufeof Stuart. 

BiOiop Burnet and ArchbiOiop Wakcy 
bis coteniporaries, both cenfure him as a 
theological ^iter, " who, in an unwar- 
iranuble fpirit of wrath and uncharitable- 
jicfs, fcemed to have forgot the common 
decencies of a man, and never once to have 
reflecled on the obligations he lay under to 
follow the humility, the mceknels, and the 
cendcnefs of Chri ll . The principles of the 
Unitarians he calls ptftUent errors, and 
thofe cf the Quakers damnable errors. 
He drew up a mod virulent declai-ation, 
defaming all the Adroiniitrations from the 
time of the Revolution. And though he 
had but narrowly efcaped with life from 
want of evidence to convt6l him of high 
treafon, he (till continued, even in exile, 
to correfpond with the enemies of the peace 
and happinefs of his native country ; for 
his Biographer fays, " it is proved from 
fome kt;er8, which were firft printed at 
Edinburgh in 1768, that in 1725 the 
Bifhop was concerned in a plot for ftirring 
up a rebellion in Scotland in favour of 
the Pretendei j but the fcheme proved 
abortive." Such a Life, iii ^ur humble 
opinion, Mr. Mortimer did right to omit, 
more efpecially as the Britifh Plutarch was 
c^culated for the information and im- 
provement in hiltorical knowledge of 
young perfons of both fcxes. 

The lecond Life in this volume is that 
of Sir Richard Steele, Author of the Spec- 
• tator, Tatlcr, and other works of cele- 
brity : it is compiled with great accuracy, 
and enlivened with fome anecdotes irom 
works that have been publilhed fioce the 
lift eilition of the Britifli Plutarch, par- 
' ticularly Dr. Johnfon's Lives of the 
Poets, and the notes to the new edi- 
tion of tlie Tatlcr. 

In the Life of Daniel De Foe we like- 
wife find many intei-efting particulai-s not 
mentioned by former Biographers, chiefly 
fele^led from the account of that ex- 
traordinary man wrhten by George Chal- 
mers, a Clerk in Lord Hawkefbury's of- 
fice at Whitehall, and pi*efixed to a new 

edition of Robinfon Crufoft, one of At 
Foe*s beft works^ publiflied in 1790. 

The Proteftant Diflenters cannot boaft 
a more eminent and learned Divine of the 
prefent century than the late Dr. Nathaniel 
Xardner, who died in the year 176S, at 
the advanced age of 84. His indefatig.t- 
ble attention to the facred duties of his 
profeflion, and his devoting aconfiderabltt 
portion of his tin\e to a work which holds 
the firft degree of elVimation by the Chrif- 
tian Clergy of every denomination, would 
be fufficient to have juftified the obierva* 
tion of that able critic and biographer Dr* 
Kippis, ** that there have been few names 
more truly entided to be remenibercd with 
veneration and applaufe than that of Dr* 
Lardncr," The Celebrated work we al- 
lude to is, *« The Credibility of the Gof* 
pel Hillory, or the Fa6ls occafionally men- 
tioned in the New Tefta'ment, confirmed 
by PaflTages of ancient Authors, who were 
contemporar}' with our Saviour, or his 
Apoftles, or lived near their time." Such 
an elaborate performance could not becom-* 
Dieted at once ; it was therefore publilliui 
m two parts. Part L con fifting of two vo* 
lumes, 8vo. was publiflied in the year 17x7, 
and the very favourable reception it n>et 
with, not only from the Divines of his own 
body, but from the Clergy in general of 
the cilablUhed church, and thofe of foreign 
countries, who all confidered it as an 
invaluable work, encouraged him to per- 
fevere in the arduous talk of completing 
it J and this he accomplilhed in a courle 
of years, for in 1755 the twelfth apd 
laft volume appeared \ and ' he after-^ 
wards publiflied a Supplement} in three vo- 
lumes 8vo. and a large collection of ancient 
Jewifli and Heathen telHmonits to the 
truth of Chriftianity : in fa6^, thefe works^ 
and Bifliop Newton's Prophecies, may lie 
confidered as the modern pillars of Clu-if- 

But in addition to his great learning, 
Dr. Lardner's charafter claims our atten- 
tion for the impartiality, candour, and nK>- 
deration which conllantly guided his pen, 
and were confpicuous iu his cond%:£^ 
through life. Out Editor appears to have 
taken uncommon pains with this aiticle, 
and defervedly : an inaccuracy in a date, 
page 1 35, we muft, however, recommend 
to be corrected in th« next edition. 

The whole of the feventh volume is 
filled with Lives of men eminent in the 
paths of private rather than in thofe of 
public life, except fome flight mention of 
public affairs connef^ed with the Life of 
Atterbury j it is, therefore^ inthe/jJ^i&Mand 
iali volume, whick opcbs^witb the Life of 



VTilKam Pitt, the renowned Britilh Patriot, 
«bofe fplemiour was obfcured by the high* 
fouiuhng but empty title df Earl of Chat* 
ham, that we muft look for a refumption 
of the thread of BrltiAi Hiilory, which 
Mr Mortimer coniinutd legularly through 
every volume of the Uft edition^ and, to 
prevent any interruptK>n of its fei ies, ie- 
parattd his Statefuien, Generals, Admi- 
rals, and great Law Ofikers, tirom the 
lives of private men { a plan which ought 
10 have been adhered to ih the prefent 
compilation: inftcad of this, the new 
Editor in his lati volume has placed the 
famous Lord Clive, celebratol for his 
tonquefts and government in India, be- 
t^ween Charles Churchill and Samuel 
Foore, admirable Supporters of the Ge- 
r.eraiS arms. Throwing the private lives 
into a ditHnft clais in each volume, after 
purfuing the regular line of Hiftorv, ap. 
|>ears to bare t^ft con efponded with the 
plan of the work, faid << to include a com* 
pendious View of the Hiftory of England,** 
though we think, a happier term than that 
of Supplement might nave been chofen by 
the former Editor to prefix to the fcparate 
dcpanment he affigned to his Private Lives. 
Of the Life of the immortal Williahi 
Pitt, as compiled by ourEditor, we mud de- 
liver our fentiments freely. It is verydefec'* 
trve in the moft important part of it $ from 
the date of his appointment to the otfice of 
Secretary of State for the Soutbern De- 
partment (then eileenied the moli honour«> 
able), viz. December the 4.1 h, 1756, to 
that of bis refignation, upon being opposed 
by every Member uf die Council except 
his brother-in-law, when he propofed to 
fill fuddenly upon Spain with a conlider- 
ftble naval force, before that kingdom 
Could prepare for a defence, in confequence 
tf private information he had received of 
tbe hoftile defigi s of the Court of Madiid 
apinii Great Britain, which brought on 
htfredgnationon the 5th of October 1761* 
All the great national tran&^^ions which 
the wifdom of his noeafures, and the valour 
of our forces by fea and land in executing 
tbem, lb gloriouAy accdmpliOied in the , 
couri^ of nve ye^rs of unparalleled na- 
tional fucccfs and proTpcrity, are paffedover 
vitb fiich Ikht notice as to be comprized in 
one (ingle £iodecinK> pase (fee Vol. VII J. 
p* 4.), whilft ample jumce is done to his 

Kers of oratory, by an infenion, at 
tb, of his celebrated fpeeches in the 
Ikuie of Lords, toward the cloiic of has 
lift, againtl the continuance of the Ame- 
rican \Yar$ fpeeches which have been 
carefully preserved and handed down to 
tbe prt&nt time in piles of Moathly 
Vci.. XXIIi 

Magazines. But in a ^' Conlpefldious VieW 
of theHidory of England,** we might have 
expelled to have found a fatisfa^tory ac« 
cpunt of our vi£lories« of our triumphs^ 
of tbe tdvancement arul extenfion of our 
cdmiiterce, and of the weight and inBuence 
which Great Britain thueby acquiied ia 
th(! political fcale of Europe. 

The Lives, befides thofe already men- 
tioned, in thelaft volume, which ate com* 
piled . with the greateft ability, and cen^ 
tain the beli infoiination, arethofe of Dri 
Johnfon, Sterne, Garrick, Goldliziithg 
Captain Cook, and Dr. Lowth Biihop 
of, London. 

In the Li& of Johnfon there are fonM 
criticalteiuarks from a mafterly pen ; and 
if we may venture to tbrm a con)ec>ure» 
founded upon a clofe examination of tl)e 
ftyle, it wih be', that the chara^er given of 
th^t eccentric genius by Dr^ Towers, a 
Diifenting Miuilter, univerially known ia 
London as a warm patriot, and iu the r** 
public of letters as a biographer, li:itorian» 
and critic of no fmall repute, and thta 
compilation now under our review, arq 
both the workmanfhip of one and theiaoi* 
literary artilt. Be this as it may, of oue 
thing we are certain — That the mental por* 
ti:ait of Johnfon drawn by Dr. Towen 
has more truth and nature in it than any 
of the numerous exhibitions of this wonder- 
ful giant hitherto pourtrayed. His vinuea 
are placed in their mod favourable light, by 
this true friend ; and his faults are noC 
concealed by the deceitful glaring vamiih 
of adulation, which peifons of high repu« 
tation in other refpects, have eternally dif- 
graced themfelves by lavifhing upon a 
man, who, in the energetic language ot 
Di-. Towers, " with powers of mind 
that did honour to human natute^ had 
weaknefles and .prejudices that feemed 
fuitcd only to tbe loweft of the fpecies/' 

^ It is remarkable," fays the lame tbltf « 
critic, "that in his fixty-fouith year heat^ 
tempted to learn the Low Dutch language,*^ 
for a very good reaibn-^Becaufc the latt 
Robert Irvine, Efq. who in his early 
youth was Britiih Vice Conful at Oftend, 
afterwards Deputy Confervator of the 
Scotch privile^ at Tervere in Zealand^ 
and who died m the office of BriiiHi Agent 
at Rotterdam, wrote him a long letter, in 
polite terras, upon his total ignorance of 
that language, which occadoncd him to 
commit many errors in his celebrated Dic- 
tionary of the Englifh lan^ee ) deriving 
wOrds without any authority liom the dead, 
languages, whole origin might be readily 
traced from the High or the Low Dutch* 
Tnis letter he carefifjly coAC«idedf cven^ 



from W« mbft intimate' friends 5 but to the 
writer of this review the care of delivering 
It wat configned, after he had read it, but 
with a refpe&fiil ftiffnefs equal to his own, 
and protbund filence as to the perfon and 
clrarafter of the bearer, and as quick a re- 
treat as decency would pcnnit. If the 
reafon l>e aflccd, the anfwer follows in the 
words of one of his life- writers, for we 
will not call grofs flattery by the refpeft- 
aWe title of biography, 

^< I havclpokcn," lays he, <*of his piety^ 
.his charity, and his truth, the enlargement 
of his heart, and the delicacy of his fenti- 
ments ; and when I fearch for ihadivw to 
mf portrait, none can I find but what waa 
formed by pride. Rank pride, atxi in- 
folence to inferior candidates for Kterary 
fame, were the prominent ieatmw of his 
character j he was fomewhat too fufcep- 
tibte of flattery r" and let us add, To thofe 
who refilled him this incenfe,, or dared to 
dii&r from him in religion or politics, 
and to publifh their ooinions, he was an 
fmplacable enemy, ana defcended to the 
mtannefs to deny Ms knowledge that fach 
petfons had a name in the Republic of 
Letters, though lie was dete£Ved privately 
readinff their works. 

•** In 1779 hepublifticd hb ** Lifts of 
the Poets r thefc, confidered as compoTf 
tions, pollcfs a very high degree of merit, 
and contain a mat variety of acute and 
admirable reileaions ; bat they are often 
Tery far from containing jufi, candid, or 
hn^rtial accotmts of the perlbns con* 
ceming whom he wrote, Bifhop Newton 
&ys, ^ Nevei' was a biographer more 
fparing of his praifes, or more abundant of 
his cenfures. He feemingljr delights more 
in cxpofing blemi(lMr», than in recominciid- 
ing beauties ; (lightly pailes over excellen* 
cits, and enlarges «pon imperfe^ions.** 

Not fo the Editor of theBritifii Plutarch t 
whei'ever praile is due, he be^ws it with a 
liberal hand, and cenfures fparin^ly : he is 
iikewife, upon the whole, impartial, being 
only here and there btafled by religious and 
political prejmiices, which it is difficult 
to eradicate from the mind of a Calvinift, 
educated in the principles of repuhlican« 
ifm I— Hence we difcover fome akerationt 
' in the lives of the great ftatefinen who 
flouriflied during tlie reign of Queen 
Elixabetfa, diminifhing the eulogiums on 
the gbiy of that rtign, and Ibme alter- 
attons in the hilbny of the Revolution 
ttnder William III. Which point a ftriking 
difference of opinion between the Editor 
of the laft and of the prelent edition. 
Upon the who.e, howovtrr, this is one of 
thoft iifeful compilations that ou^lit to be 
^rongly recommended to young perfons of 
' ' ci view, we 

arc forry to obfcrire, tlwt an interctting^ 
part of the lutroduftion to the l|ii) edition 
IS omitted in the prefent ; a defc£\ which 
we (hall take the libeity to fupply by in« 
ferting it here, as a fbrong recoiumeiKUi* 
tfon of the work : 

** In an age of general diflipationf 
when all the powers of^nature and aft are 
exerted to gratify the votaries of pleafare, 
and to extend the baneful influence of 
luxury to all orders of ths peo|7le, we 
ihould be in danger of lofmg our nationai 
chara£ler, and c? forgettinr the virtuous 
manners of o«r anceftors, if one povrerfiii 
check on the licentionfnefs of the times 
was not to be found, even amongft its 
fafliionable amufements \ it is the tsifkc 
to aim at being thought fenfiblej the 
reputation of a cultivated imderftanding is 
contendeii for with uncomnK>n ardour ; and 
tlie paflion for reading is become^univeriU* 
*< To direft this tafte for knowledge 
to proper objeds of purfuit j (hould be the 
ftudy and the boafted merit of thofe who 
wi(b to eftablilh Mteraiy fame on the 
titility of their labours., Fortunately for 
us, Uie reigning inclination favours Atch 
laudable defigns $ a competent knowledge 
of hilUry in general, and of that of our 
own country in paiticukir, is now con* 
fidered as a polite accomplifhment $ a:nd m 
total ignorance of this valuable branch of 
himian fcience, is deemed inexcusable in 
thewelUbred of either fex. 

*• But there is ftill another motive for 
encouraging works of this dafs, which 
mu(i not paft unnoticed, the proper em- 
ploymmt of that finall portion of time 
which the young and volatile will choofe 
to fet apart for reading. If thefe leifure 
moments are fpent in the perufal of fuch 
books as cannot afibrd the lead improve- 
ment to the human mind, or of others 
which fervc only to inflame the padions, 
or to rrprefent thmgs under falfe colours, 
it would be a benent to fociety, if perfons 
(b di^(ed were never to read. 

•* In the folkiwing (beets, perfons of 
tyery rank, and of all ages, are deeply in- 
ttreited 5 and it may wkh great truth be 
affirmed, that they cannot make & more 
valuable ufe of the time they can (bare 
from the common bufinefs,.or lels rational 
pteafures of Hfe. 

«< The lives of mat and good, men 
afford an ample (ield for ennilation. By 
having before our eyes the principles tf 
men of honour and probity ^ enforced by 
example, we (hall be animated to fix upon 
fomt great model to be the rule of our 
conduti ; and at the lame time we (hall 
pay the only tribute in our power to the 
memory cf tlicir pubiic^^and private 
virtues." -y---^ ^ 'fjjg 

F O* JULY 1792. 4j* 

Tbe tifftory of Kome, from the Foundation of the City by Romulus to the Death of 
the Emperor Marciu Antoninus, j Vols, 8vo. Ami an Abridgemt-nt of Mr# 
Gtbbon^s Hiftory of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, a Vols, gvo* 
Cadell and Kjeariley. il. 10s. boards. 

\CoHtiittted from Vol XXI. ?a%i 35a.] 


refume with pleafure our general 
review of this interefting and agree* 
able Hiftory. 1 he eftablifhment ot the 
far- famed Roman Republic affords our 
Autbor a favourable opportunity to dif- 
play his talent for judicious^ important^ 
and impartial reflekions^ meriting the 
attention of ftatdinen, (enators, reprcfcn- 
tatives of the oeopleiand virtuous ciiizens. 
Lcflbns of wifdom may be learned from 
the errors as well as 6rom tbe advantages 
of that form of government, which the 
Romans carried to a Ingher degree of 
perfedion than any other people before or 
after them | yet we (hall iiind that it did 
not prove in the end to be, as the ad- 
vocates for republicanifm pretend, the 
. beit of the Arte forms of government 
which have prevailed in the world. 

During the /*u» humdrtd and forty- four 
years which 'compofe the monarchical 
government of Rome, amidtl the dark 
records of petty triumphs and uninierefting 
conquefts, the contkancy and perfeverance, 
the coui-age and magnanimity of the Rb. 
mans claim our unwearied aitention.— 
Amid ft their defultory enterprifes and in« 
curfions, feemingly unimportant, we be- 
hold them, in theacquifition of great virtues 
and gi-eat talents, prepare thanfelves for 
more elevated atchieveraents j the love of 
gl<»7 and of their country arc ditUnguiih- 
ed as their ruling paiiionsy and, amidfl 
primitive barbarifro, already announce 
their future JpleiMlour and imperial great- 

•« Even the ten itory of Rome had re- 
ceived no inconliderable addition from the 
martial labours and bloody toils of her 
citizens j her dominions extended over the 
greater part of Laf'ut/t, and her influence 
was acknowledged throughout the whole 
of it. Rome was become the principal 
refort of all the Latin confederates, the 
place of then* meetings for devotion or 
pleafure^ and the fwat of their political 
confultations. Tl»e population of the ciiy, 
and of the adjacent diltrifts which more 
immediately lubmitted to its,juriidiAion, 
had increaied in proportion j the number 
capable of bearing arms had been fwelled 
during the period of Kingly government, 
*rom three thoufand to two hundred and 
eighty thouland ; and, to accommodate 
Qui grovring conimunity, die buildings of 

Rome had gradually occupied, and her 
walls encompaficd the neighbouring 

" But the firft moments" (rather move* 
ments) " which attended her cliange of 
government, feemed to menace her very 
exillence as a ^tate : her allies, who had 
reluAantly confented to fortify her am- 
bidon by their combined arms, and to 
footh her pride by acknowledging^ her 
fovereignty, embi-aced the favourable oc- 
cafion of averting their fonncr indcpen* 
dence. Although tlie majority dcteifed 
the exiled Tarc)uin, and refufed to fup- 
port his preteniions, they equally declined 
the folicitations of Rome \ and their pro* 
feffed neutrality left the new republic to 
maintain ulone the liberty (he had afliimedy 
againft the attempts of the tyrant* 

" Yet thole reiburces which were denied 
to the Romans by the jealoufy of their 
neighbours, they found in their own 
policy and conifancy. The Confiils, or 
two annual Magilhates, who were cho^ 
by tbe ctnturlis of tbt peopU to fupplv . 
the place of the king, were ai*med with 
authority at leaft equal to that of tbe 
nu>narch $ they reprelented the dignity of. 
the State i they iuperintended the cere- 
monies of religion ; levied and command* 
ed the troops \ gave audience to foreign 
ambaifadors ; prefided in the alTem- 
blies both of the fenate and of th: people i 
and a fevere fine whs denounced againl^ 
every perfon who retiifed to obey them.** 
But if ill our Author difcovers a de^e& 
in the new fytfem, which he very properly 
expoies : 

<* On the abolition of th* kingly 
office, the patricians, fVom their fupenor 
fituation, were enabled to engrois tlte 
benefits of fieedom. The pitbcians were 
indeed indulgtd by the adiniflion of a cer- 
tain number of their order to fill up the 
ienate, which had been thinned by tlie 
cruelty of Tarquin, and they were allow- 
ed to appeal irotn tlie fentence of the 
magilfrate to the favoiu* and juitice of the 
peo]>le; but in every other refpe^ tlie 
State prefented. the appearance of a puie 
arlftocracy $ for the nobles alone couki be 
preferred to the new eftabliihed offices of 
Ifate I they alone were to fumilh the ordi* 
nary fuccelTion of members 10 thefenate; 
and tliat opulence winch enrolled them w 
G a ^.y,.,.^^^, ^^ — ^ — t i 



the 6r(l and fecond clafles, fecured them a 
decideii majority in the votes of the cen- 
turies* Yet ihefe regulations^ which 
^ansferred to the patricians the fupreme 
and exclufive authority, and even eftablilh- 
ed tl)e hereditary fucceffion of it in their 
families, at firft eluded the vigilance of the 
. plebeians ; and intoxicated vtrith the love of 
novelty, and inflamed with their hatred to 
Tarquin, they patiently acquicfccd under 
the lordly yoke. One paflion fecmed 
wholly to engrofs their min'.ls, and their 
dcteftation of the tyrant fwallowed up 
rvery other confideration. On the return 
of the army from the fiege of Ardea, and 
the defeat of Tarq"'"'* torces, the decree 
againft him was again confirfned hy the 
centuries of the people 5 the Confuls 
(landing before the aitars of the gods, 
(blemnly (Wore, in their own names and 
that of their poflei Ity, never to recall the 
tyrant or his offspring; nor to endure 
again the tine of king in Rome. The 
^cred obligation was unanimoudy rati- 
fied by the people, and eternal enmity was 
irrevocably dpuounced againft the race of 

A noble leflbn of moderation is handr 
ed down to m from this^rly period of 
the Roman hidory, when they miglit be 
confidered as being ntther in a flate of 
amelioration from barbarifm, than m 
that of civilization. It is inferted here in 
the hope that it may have its infltience in 
• neij^hbouring kingdom » whei'e the 
doubttul fate of a beaiiteous queen alaitns 
fvery companionate feeling mind in 

** At the firft found of popular infur- 
rt^ion^ the guilty queen, TuUia, had 
tiarted from her dream of fecuriiy ; ihe 
)>eheld with terror a people who had long 
endured with fubmiilion every indignity 
that ri)yal arrogance could heap upon 
fheir head^, buyft from the fetters of dcf- 
potifm, and ranged in arms round tlie 
/hndard of freedom. Her own life feemed 
involved in the deflmfkion of lier hu(band*s 
throne, and the miu'der of Aruns and 
of Servius Tullius might weH have 
juilifievi the tardy execution. Yet, fomc 
praife is due to the moderation of 
the R»>man», who, amidft the rage of in- 
AirretVion, refpcfted her perfonal fafety, 
aud difmi^ed her amidl^ t)}e reproaches of 
a city which rtie had infuhed by her pride, 
and polluted by her cruelty." 

Let any itnpartial perlon compare this 
rondu6^ of (he ancient Romans with the 
mcJei n Fj cnch The utmofl chaige which 
pven malice and envy can urge againl^ the 
unfcrtuoate Quecu of France ft |eyity, or, 

at word, nuptial infidelity, and politicat 
intrigue :— where then was that boa (led 
poliieneis, thofe poiifhed nfanners, thofe 
refined fentiments, thofe gallant attentions 
to the fair fex, which, ^ few years back, 
were founded in the ears of the people of 
all the other nations of Europe, as the 
of Frenchmen ? After the (anguinary day 
when that deteftable engine of terror, and 
upholder of regal and minifterial tyranny, 
the Bartile was demolished, all Europe 
expefted that the Queen of France would 
have been honourably conduced, under 
an efcort of cavalry, to the frontiers of 
France, and, due notice having been 
given of the approaching troubles, ther^ 
met by a deputation from her brother th^ 
Emperor Jofeph, to be conveyed with pro* 
per rerpe6l to Vieuna. But, alas | all 
Europe was deceived, and no people mor^ 
fo than the Englifht who upon every oc.. 
cafion were apeing the fa/hiops ^nd 
manners of their rival neighbours, whofe 
external poliOi concealed ferocious, caU 
lous, and venseful hearts. The lively, 
frcCi and amiable manners of the French 
ladies likewif^ captivated the very fouls ac 
well as the bodies of our travelling young 
noblemen and gentlemen, until theu* at< 
tendance in the greatelt number ever coU 
ie6lcd togetlier— elegandy drelTed— at th^ 
midnight hour !-*to behold the honid 
execution Qf Daniiens and of the much*in* . 
jured General Lally, tore off the maik, 
and laid open to public view the unexam- 
pled inhumanity o( thcle boaHcd enciiauii 

The confpiracy of the fons of Brutus 
and the nephews of Collatinus to rel^orp 
Tarqujn, with the u-agic fcene of their 
death, is too horrid for repetition ; but 
the introductory remark, which m a fe^v 
words aflignt a caufe tor the effcft pro- 
duced, delerves pur notice : 

*• The feeds of luxury were already 
apparent in Honxe, and tliough the grati< 
fications of a barbarous people muft have 
been grpfs and fpnfual, they yet were not 
lels regreitpd by thofe ^hoii: paiTions had 
long been indulged at the cxpence of 
decency and virtue. /^ baud of diflbluto 
Patrician youths preferred the favour of 
a tyrant to the inexorable equality of the 
new laws. T^?**" dlfcontenis were in- 
duftriou(ly fomented by the envoys fciit by 
I'arquin to folicit the recovery of his 
private eftate, houfehold furniture, and 
other perfonal property j thefe men had 
private inftruclions to feed the flame of 
Icdliion, and to ur^ the difuftefted ta 
attempt tl^ lives ot the Confuls. The 

FOR JULY 1792. 


Imighty youths btheld tbcmfelves, with 
iecret indignation; confounded with the 
multitude; and their refentments neither, 
lerpefted die tranquillity of the State, nor 
the lives ot* their neareft relations." It is 
much to be feared that a fimilar refent* 
ment aduatcs the French Emigrants, and, 
^without the gift of prophecy, it may be 
*tdb readily foretold, that the contell muli 
be horridly languine. 

The i}i\\ appointment of a Dilator in- 
ftiled with powers which rendered him 
moct dei'poiic than their Kings, is the 
oextfubjed on which our Author expatiates 
wiih becoming freedom. The revolt of 
the people, occaiioned chiefly by the fcvere 
decrees of the fenate againlt infolvent 
debtors, and the confequcnt appointment 
of new magtih^tes called Tribunes, ele6l. 
<d from the Plebeians, and whofe duty en- 
joined ihei|i to protect and maintain the 
rights and privileges of that order, com- 
priJes three fpecies of revolution in the 
Koroan Conunon wealth, viz, the Conful- 
Ihip, the DiSatorlhip, and the Tribunelhip. 
The abolition of the Confulfhip, and tne 
immediate appointment of ten fupreme 
roagifiratcs in their place, under the title of 
Dtcmviri, Decemvirs, forms another 
«ra vi this celebrated republic i tlie laws 
cf the twelve tables, inrtitiitcd during 
their adminiftration, has refcued it from 
that deteltation and obicufity into which 
it muft othervvife have fallen. The 
power of the Decemvirs lenninatetl nearly 
i^ the fame manner as that of the Tai*- 
qiuosj and the tragedy of Virginia is 
patbeDcaiiy written by our hiftorian, who 
annexes to it the following remai k^ : 

'• Th^ liberty ot Kome, twice oppref- 
fed by tyrants, w^ twice rejicued trom 
inihralroent by female diaftiiy. To the 
dagger of Lucieiia the Romans owed the 
abolition of nranarchy ; and tiie death 
which roaeche4 Virginia from tiie luit of 
Appius Claudius, extinguiihed the power 
«* the Decemviri. 

" The reltoration of the Ccnfular and 
Tf ibuniilan powers, and the depoiition of 
tac Decemviri, founed the balis of mutual 
concord between the Senate and the peo- 
ple ; and a negociation where one party 
^as as ready to giani a| the other could 
hp to demami, atfonkd no-fubje6l tor 
ray. But the fick.le Plebeians had fcarce 
Abotiftied the power of the Decemvirs, 
>nd leilored the Confiilar and Tribuni- 
tan dignities, than their turbulent mur- 
bwts prociauTied again their dilcontcnt. 
To (both theni,the brnate hud repealed tiie 
«w which prohibiicd the intetHKUTis^^c 
^ Paf iciaiD* wiib Fkbcians, ami hud in- 

ftitutcd a new form of government 1 that 
authority which had been vetted in the 
Con Alls was transferred to foe mihary 
Tnhunts\ thefe were chofen by the Ple- 
beians 5 and thoiigh the members of that 
clafs were permitted to afpire to the new 
magiftracy, yet the inconfiftency of tho 
multitude preferred fix Patiit;ians to the 
candidates that had offered from their own 
order. The fame levity that had demand-, 
ctl and created thcfe tranfient oHices, fooi 
again aboliftied them, atid in lefs than fix 
months we find the Confular dignity 
rei'h>red, with the approbation and at tfaio 
v(ilh of the people. 

« The office of Military Tribnne wai 
fcarce extlnguiftied before that of Cenfor 
was conceived and eftabliflied ) 'and if 
eminently contributed, ^as long as it con- 
tinued in its priftine integrity, to advance 
and fupport the profpenty and grandeur 
of Rome. The Cenfors were originally 
two in number, and were to, be cholen 
every five years : their duties correfpond-* 
ed with their names ; to them was ef>» 
trulfcd the cenfus or furvey of the Koman 
people; they diftinguifhcd into regular 
claffes the various multitude of citizens^ 
and accurately reviewed the military 
ft i-ength, the wealth, the viituc, and ihi 
refources of Rome. Even the manners of 
the Senatorial and Equeftrian Orders 
were fubjeft to their equal fwayj and the 
members fit both might be degraded with- 
out appeal, by the tremendous fentencc of 
thefe .Ituc mquiiUors." 

We have now given fufficient inftance« 
cf the judgement. and liberalieiitimenls 
of our Autnor, and the paffages we have 
fele£ted fully demohllrate the inltability 
and numerous emharialVmcus of popular 
governments. How frequendy did the 
powei" of government, fo much contended 
fur in the prcfent day, as originating with 
the pcopit, rcveit to the Riman jicoplc, 
even to the very mob ! And what wis 
the refult ? Commotions, revolt, a coun- 
try divided agtiinlt itl'elf, prolcriptions, 
mafl Acres, with ail the horrid train cf 
evils actemlant upon civd war, and, in the 
end, the fame people foliciling te be re- 
lieved tron anarchy, by tlie reftoration o^ 
tl>e old form of government \ or by the 
clc6lion cf one fupreme governor, invefled 
by .their own appointment with defix>Mc 
power \ — -?— liicii were the Di£laiors.— 
A more ulieful Icflbn to modem king^ 
dom*-, than any that can be learned fixjm 
polisical pamphlets and party fpeeches! 

Our duty now obliges us to aiPign nar- 
rower limits to the remainder of this workt 
and 10 clpie tlieprclli?ni review with potic- 


ing t^e order of condufling It, and iu 
»iuft (liihnguiihed traiu. 

Our rciitaika have extended to the 
^riod of the inairrK>u of the Gault into 
the Koman Urritories ; the fubfequent 
conquell and dcilruAion of Rome if the 
sex t great event recorded by ourhjftoiian, 
ami the narrative is truly ane<5^injr. The 
Rboilding of the city; the ' victdriea of 
CaroiUut ^ the rxpuliion of the Gay Is ; 
the increaiin^ power and extent of terri- 
tory of the Roman republic ; the wars 
with the Samnites j with Pytrhus King of 
Epirus; with the Carthaginians, termi- 
Hating with the demolition of Cai thage ; 
and a pohtical iunrey of the (bte of Rome 
at that 9rra» are the principal occurrences 
that Ifad us on to the dofe of Vol. I, 

Vol. II. opens with the rcYolt of Maoe- 
^n ; its redu^ion to a Roman province j 
the conqueft of Greece, and theprogrefs of 
the Roman arms in Spain. The coofpi* 
racy of Catiline, his chara^r j the ^la- 

raScrs of Julius Cssfar, of CAto, and 
of Ciceroi^— >the ttate of parties at 
Rome at the time of hit ConfuUhi|> § 
the corruption of the Roman people foots 
after, viz. about the year 700 from the 
fouhdation of Rome» which brought 
on the diflblution of the republic i tfawe 
pro^refs of Julius Caefar in bit advances 
to hipieme power f the chara^ler and fate 
of Pompey; the aflaiTmationof Csfar ; tfaa 
ftate ot parties at Rome at that important 
crifis ; and the cataftropbe of Marc An* 
tony and Cleopatra, which terminaUs 
this volume,, aie the incidents claiming 
our beft attention, not only from their 
fuperior chai-aaoiliic impoiiancc, b«t 
from the manner of relating them* 

Vol. III. which connefts the chain of 
hi (lory with the judicious abridgement o^ 
Gibbon^s celebrated work,and that abridge-* 
ment, coosprifed in Vol. IV. and V. (hall 
be the fubjei&s of another Review. 
( Ttf^r cout'tnutd. ) 

A General HiAory of Inland Navigation, Forelen and Donieftic ; containing ft 
complete Account of the Canals already executed in England, with Confiderations 
on thofe propoled. To which are added, Pra£lical Obiervations, with a large 
Map, coloured, and Four other Plates. By J. Phillips. 410. il. is. Boar£. 
I. and J. Taylor* 

TN a (bte of civil fociety, thofe who la* 
'*' hour for the public eood deferve praife. 
Every effort which tends to difperfe local 
advanta^, to fpread ^ and wide the 
produ^ions or manufa£huret df any jpar- 
ticular diilri^l, beneBu as well the (eller 
as the buyer : more aiticles are produced, 
and, in proportion to the cheapnels of car- 
riage, a lower price is necefiary. Thefe 
advantages are by no fchemc of modem 
wnprovemenfffo well obuincd, as by thofe 
grand undertakings. Navigable Cfanals } 
which ipread in alnindance all the neccf- 
faries of life in the countries through which 
they pals, and to which they lead \ t&z^ 
bli<hing new maaufadures, and reno- 
rating old ones, 

Thtic thoughu prefs upon the mind 
from a pciuial of the work now before us, 
ill wiiich the Author has brought to our 
view the vaiiuus Inland Navigations in 
J*" upland conipleicd, or completing, not 
forgetting thoic Ichcmcs which for various 
jt*aioij$ have been ifje6\ed, or only for a 
lime lay dormant. To thcle are added, 
(bir.c pjojecis of his own. 

The work corumences with a bpef ac- 
count of tiie CanaU of the Ancients % 
j.cxt thcfe more modern, oi foreign coun* 
ti-ie>, vi7. China, RuiTia, Sweilt-n, Dcn- 
ii'aik, Fntnce, 6ic. in colk6\lng whicli 
il.eit arc evident marks of indulby. To 
tlMi advantHjre and glory of our country, 

(uccef^ in England ; to entrnierate which 
would fai* exceed the neceflary limits of 
this article s fuffice then that we fav, the 
grand undertakingsof the Duke of Bridg- 
water, though not the very firft of. £e 
kind, appear to have given the aAive tU* 
mulus to fiinilar fchemes \ for (Ince i75f 
their numbers have increafed f^ mudi, 
and the bene6ts to trade and coauncrce 
are fo many, that the wonder is, 
they could have been (b long n^lc£led 
in a country anxiout for commerce* 
In th^ Prmce the Author obicrvet, 
*< There are, perhaps, few object of in- 
ternal policy that have lb much called forth 
the powers and refouroes of the country at 
Canals. They have not only been the 
means of enlarging our foreign commerce, 
but of giving oirth to an internal trade, 
which, with all the advantages attendant 
on foreign commerce, has perhaps far ex- 
ceeded It in extent, value, and import- 
ance. So great has been the elfe£l which 
the Canals, and the trade to which they 
have given birth, have had on our indu(* 
try, population, ^and refources, tKat in 
many inilances they have entirely changed 
the ap))earance of the counties through, 
which ibcy pafs." 

Upon the whole, we think this a worl: J 
of much public utility, the Aiiihor having I 
diawn together, and given at one view | 
the advantages to be derived from each I 
Panni (i^oai-afelv. and at conncded with J 



te grand GAmm of InUmd Havigstion 
tlvoughoiit the kingdom { the utility and 
advaataget of whidi, to a trading coun* 
Ujp are frequently pointed ont and en* 
|br«ed in firon^ and proper lan^age. 
Tkit work it iUuftrated with a large 

Map of England, which, is {he cottiies 
of the canait appear to he laid dowm 
with accuracy, nraft be particularly ni&. 
fill i as will the plates of a lock, aoueduA, 
&c. and the tables be, to thofe who take 
an aftire part in theie patiiotic fchemes. 

Letters from Lady W— 11— cc to Captain • 

8to. Coach and Laking« 

THE imperfe^l manner in which the 
naoMof thefaic Authbrefs is printed 
io the citk*page of this work> might 
lead the reader to f^afped the authenticity 
of the performance. We are, however, 
aflbreJ that it is genuine. The peribn 
10 whom it it addrefled is fon to the 
Mt, and now an officer in the Eaft- 
India Company's ftrvice. The topics 
on which tie addreges him are yarious, 
regarding himfelf as a man and an officer, 
and refpeding the admrniftration of pub- 
lic a&irs, both at home and abroad. 
As a politician the lady feems to be moft 

deHrottt of difplaying her abilities, mnd 
iie has executed her defign ai leaft as well 
as nine«tenths of the male politicians 
who daily employ themfelres m illumi* 
nating the public. Foreign politics 
chiefly occupy the prefimt work, but «c 
the concluiion (he fays, ** By the next 
&ip8 I fliall fend you fome nints innni 
the (iate of politics at home, which dent 
to affurd as much room for fpecitlatiott 
as thofe on the continent.^ It does niit 
appear that the public is to have tlie 
benefit of tbefe hints* 


[translated from the (German.] 

'pHE celebrated St. Evremond gave the 

'*' following advice to his friend Count 
4'Olonc, who had beenbaniihed from the 
Court of Louis XIV. *' The unfortu* 
•ate ought never to read books which 
may give them occafion to be afflided on 
account of the miseries of mankind ; but 
lather thofe which may amufethem with 
ihe'ir follies $ prefer therefore Lucian, 
Petronius, and Don QuixotCt to Seneca* 
Plutarch, and Montaigne.*' In the early 
part of my youth, I happened to meet 

with this panage, and I have fince often 
ftiefted upon this great rrutb>>that events 
apparently of very litrle importance 
have fometimes the greateft influence u\f" 

on our bappinefs or unhappincfs during 

the courftf of our lives. 
The lively irapreflion which the advice 

of St. Evremond made on my mind, in- 
duced me very clearly to follow it; and 

whenever I found myfcif too much afHi£t- 

cd by difappointmcnts or misfortunes, 

I had receurfie to his remedy, and always 

* Thoot;h it is generally believed, and though Congreve has been at great pains tof 
tfat tbe words ffumsur and Humottrift are origioally Englilh, it is however certaki, that thtf 
W denred from tiie Italian. We find the word umorifta in the comedies of Buonaroiciy 
who wrote in the beginning of the fixteemh century, and it was employed alfo by (evtr^ 
Other writers of that period. Acccording to the Dictionary Delia Crufca, this word figniflit 
fome one th« ta humon^ ftrfonafantaftlca cd inconftante. In the beginning of the UA ocn* 
eery, there wat a fodeiy or academy at Rome, called Socicta Mgli Httmori/H, 

The Frefich have no exp reflion amfwehng to H^ttnur^ in trie fenfe in whkh it is Imm 
taken. Fmctii^/U^ is, perbapc, that which would approach nearefl Co ir, could it hm 
adoftcd. The Germans have lanwr, and (he Dutch Luim, which corrdj^ood^^ 
wHh the meaning of our Englilb word. ^.M.^..^^y ^^ 

with the happieft fuccefs* Refeatchet 
refpe6iing the nature of that powcH^ 
antidote againft melancholy, will not 
therefore I hope diipleafe thofe wiio^ 
tormented by its black vapours, may hmw 
need of fuch afliftance. A oelebiiMd 
phyfician of the mind f, who with this 
remedy performed miraculous cures* &ell 
be my guide. The Englilh call thb 
antidote Humoun and its hiftory is m 
follows. It was found out among; tbe 
Greeks by Ariflophanes i and after him 
Lucian, and other authon who fttcceed<,dt 
carried it to perfe£lion« Plautus, Horace^ 
and Petroniust among the ancient Ko*' 
mans, employed k with advanta^^s 
among the modern Latinids, Erafmus^ 
Sir Thomas More, and Holberg i among 
the Italians, Pulci Ariodo, CaefarCap^* 
rali, Paflferoni, Gozai, and GoMonii 
amdng the Spaniards, Cervantes, Quc^ 
vedo, Hurtodo de Mendoza, Diego de 
Luna, Luis Vt:lei de Gucvera, ai^ Fa« 
thcr lAai among the French, Rabekist 


CyriDo dc Bcfgcrtd, SoreU Molicrc, Rcg- 
naid, pufrelD^rf La Fontaine* an4 Scarrcn 
in h\i Roman Comlque i and among the 
BnglifiH Shakefpcare, Ben Jonfon^ But- 
ler, Congreve« Sliadwdl, Swift, Addi 
fop, Steele, Arbuthnot, Fielding, Smol*. 
let, and Sterne. Of the Germans 1 
ihall fay nothing ; by naming no one in 

Sinicular, none of my countrymen who 
ave pretentions to Humour cail reproach 
me with having tixated them with 
neglea •. 

. England produces more chnra£)er8 of 
this kind than any country in Europe, 
and the caufe of this is attributed to that 
liberty which diftinguiflies the Englifli 
Government from all others. Thisopi* 
nion appears very probable; but I fliould 
believe it^to be better founded^ were xvt 
to take the word Liberty in a more exten- 
£ve ftnfe, and to confider it not only aft 
the abfence of arbitrary power, and of 
all redraint impofcd by the laws, but as 
a negleft of thofc rules of conduct which 
are exprclTed by the words urbanity and 
folitenrfi* Thcfe laws are not written^ 
and the execution of them does liot de- 
pend on the fovereign power ) but in the 
circle where they are adopted, they are 
perhaps better obferved than thofc which, 
under the fanflion of Govemmeiit, have 
been formed into a code* An entire free- 
dom from fuch rules, is, if I midake 
Bot, ' abfolutely neccffary for Humour. 
Fielding*s Squire Weftcm, and Sir An- 
drew Freeporr, in the Spc6Vator, may 
ferve as examples. Politenefs and good- 
breeding tend indeed to extirpate all thofe 
feeds of Humour which nature has im- 
planted in our fouls* To convince the 
reader of the juftnefs of this obtcrvation, 
I muft explain in what Humour confifts- 
Several authors have fpoken of it as an 
impenetrable myHery ; but what is moft 
extraordinary is, that others have given 
a very clear and juQ definition of it, af- 
furing us, at the fame time, that they 
did not know what it was. Coogrcve 
fays, in a letter to Dennis, <* We cannot 

determine what Hnmoui^ is j" atld a littf^ 
after, ♦* there is a f^reat difference between 
a comedy in which there are many hu« 
morouft parages, that is to fay* expref- 
fed with gaiety j and thofc, the cHara6ler< 
of which are fo conceived, that they fervc 
to didinguifli in an eiTential manner the 
perlbnages from one another. This tfu- 
mour," continues he, " is a fingular and 
unavoidable maniier of fpeaking and a£t* 
itig, peculiar and natural to one man 
dnly« by which his fpeech afid a£Vions artf 
diftinguiOied from thofe of ether men« 
The relation of our Humour with our* 
feUes and our aflions, refembles that 
of the accidents to a fubdance. Thit 
Humour is atolour and a tafte, which it 
diffufcd over the whole man. Whatever 
be the diverfity of oiir anions in their oh- 
}e6ls and forms, fhey are, as one may 
fay, all chips of the fame block." This 
definition of Congrevfc has been attacked 
by Home t- According to this authors 
a majeftic and commanding air, and juf^* 
nefs of expretHon in converfation, ought 
alfoto be called Humour, if the opinion 
of Congfeve be true ; and he adds, that 
we cannot call Humour any thing th^ is 
jiift or proper, or any thing that we eflcem 
and reipoct in the actions, the convcrfa-^ 
tion, or the charafVer of men. 

Ben Jonfon, whom I fhall quote al 
one of the firft Humouriffs of hisnation^ 
fays, in one of his Comedies J--^ 

^-^ Humonr (as 'tis ins) we thus define it^ 
To be a quality of air, or water. 
And in itlelf holds thefe two properties, 
MoiAureand duxure : as, for demooflration^ 
Poor water on this floor, *(will wet and run i 
Likewife the air, forc'd through a horn or 

Flows inflantly away, and leaves behind 
A kind of dew { and hence* we do conc^ude^ 
That whatfoe'er hath fluxure and humidity, 
As wanting power to cont.iin itftlf. 
Is Humour. So in every human body, 
The chuler, melancholy, phle^, and bloody 
By rcafon that they fio*r continually 
In fome one pare, and are not continent, 

• The principal humorous writers anMmg the Germans are, Henry Alcroar, mlio 
wrote an heroic-coinic poem, Rullinhaten, whom they confidcr as their Rabelais, Lifcow, 
Wieland, Michaclis, Lavatei, Ac. The Dutch have Van Mooncn, Rufting, We>«iman, 
Doeydcn, Dokker, Huygern, Lan^endyk and Fokcnbrog, who is accounted the Dutch 

To thcEnglifh writers of ihisclafs mentkmed by the author, we may- join Garth, Phi. 
iSpt, and Prior. Among the Italians we may reckon alfo Dolce, Arciin, and tht Artb- 
Miop do la Cafa, antbor of a work entitled Ca^inU dtl Forw, 

f Elements of Critiofms, Vol. II. p. 44^ 

I Eviry Man ont of liii Humour. 



fOK ) U L Y i^9«. 


Iteeei Ve tbb tuntie Df tinmoiiroiif. Ndw thus 

tlaay» by imtapbor, ipply itfelf 
Vnlo fh« general difpoAiton t 
As when foipe ooe peculiar quality 
iXxh (6 poOefs a mail, that it doth draw 
All hie efl[^as» his fpirits, ami hit potvrrt, 
tncbeir cooAmAions^ all to run due way. 

Thefe three explanations may enable 
^s to give a fourth. Humouir» then» in 
my opinion, is a ftrong impulfe of the 
fonl towards a panicularobjef^, which a 
pcrfoQ judges to be of great importance, 
although it be not Co in reality* and which^ 
by confianily engaging his moft fcrious 
Attention, makes him diftinguilh himfclf 
from others in a ridiculous manner. If 
this explanation be jufl, as 1 hope it will 
be found, the reader will readily obferve, 
bow much Humour mu(t o0*end a^ainfithe 
rules of polit cDcfs and good* breeding i fince 
both confift in the art of fuiting our condu^ 
to certain re)!ulations, tacitly adopted and 
generally followed by all thofe who live 
with us in fociety. 

Thus far have I fpoken of Humour as 
belonging tochara6^er : I Ihall now con- 
iider that which is t6 be found in compo- 
Ikion. Singularity, and a ceruin air of 
feriouihers, indicate Humour in chara£ier» 
and they are aifo the marks of Humour in 
\Triting. This f«ngularity and rifibility 
•re found either in the invention * or the 
ftylef. An Author poflcflcs real Hu* 
tntiur, when, with an air of gravity j he 
paints objects in fuch colours as promote 
mirth and excite laughteri and in com* 
pany, we often obfcrvc the eff*c£t which 
this Humour produces on the mind. 
When, for example, two perfont amu(b 
themfelves in telling ludicrous tales, he 
. who laughs before he begins to fpeak will 
neither int«relt nor entertain the auditors 
half as much, as he who relates gravely 
and without the lead appearance even 
of a (mile. The reafon of this, per- 
haps, is the force that contraft has upon 
the mind. There are fome authors who 
treat ferious fubjefls in a burlefque ilyle> 
, as TafToni in the Rape of the Bttcket, and 
Scarron in his Tjphon^ Such authon> 
without doiibc, excite mirth , but as they 
arc different from real Humourifts, we can- 
*&ot properly rank them in that clafs. 
They pofTefsonly the burlefque, which 
is very dillinA from Humour |. How- 

ever, if their works arfe good, they are no 
lefs dcferving of praife. No kind of poe- 
try is contemptible* from the epopqa and 
tragedy to fairy tales and farces. Every 
thing con fills in treating a fubje£t well t 
and the Dt'vil let Loofe ^may be as good 
in one hand> as Zara is in another. Irony 
and parody are gi eat helps to authors who 
are Humourills* Of thisLuciati furniihej 
proofs without number. 

In this fpecies of writing, comic comw 
parifons have a great effe^l, efpecially 
when one part is taken from mprals and 
the other from nature* Of this* the firft 
chapter of l^om Jones may ferve aS aii 
example. The avithor thure coitoparei 
himfelf to a perfon who keeps a public- 
ordinary ; his work is the diihes provided 
for his guefis>and thetiUes te the chapters 
are his bill of fare. The fingular cha-> 
ra£Ver of UndeToby in Triftram Shandy^ 
and many palTages in the Spe£lator and 
Tatler^ are of the fame kind, and ma/ 
all ferve as models of true Humour* 

In Dr. lobnfon's Idler, we find alfo a 
paflage Of this kind, where the authb^ 
proves, that the qualities requifue to con* 
verfation, are veryexa^lly reprefented by 
a bowl of punch* 

**Pttnch,** iaysh*, *« is a liqtior coin* 
pounded of fpirit and acid juices, fugar 
and water. 1 he fpirit, volatile and fitrjr^ 
is the proper emblem of vivacity and wit \ 
the acidity of the lemon will very aptly 
figure pungency of raillery and acrimony 
ofcenfure \ fugar is the natural repreftn« 
tative of lufcious adulation, and gtntla 
complaifance ; and water is the propef 
hieroglyphic of eafy piattle, innocent and 

Authon t\'ho poflfefs Humour hi cha- 
ra£ler, fliow it alfo in their writings 9 
ftrokes of it even cicape involuntarily 
from them, %hen they wiih to treat a fub- 
jc£t in a grave and ferious manner. Sir. 
K<k;er L Kllrang^, in his tranflation «f 
Joi^phus, fpeaking of>i Q^een extremely 
violent and palConate, who was fo miKh. 
idifpleafed with a propodtion made to her 
by a certain AmbalTador, that fcarcely had 
the latter finifhed his (peeth, vtfhen Iba 
rofe up fuddenJy and retired, cranilatet 
the latter pan of this fentence in the foU 
Ibwipg manner, fcarce had ijie Ambaffo' 
dor finiflted bii fpetek^ whtn vp nvoi 
meuiam. No one will be allonifiied at th« 
Humour which reigns throughout tha 

GoUiver^ Trafeb. f Toilii Jonts, hf FickliiV4 

Fielding, in his Diflertation prefixed tu Joiieph Andrews* 

A German Comedy fo called. /^ ' T 

VOL.XXH, K JigitizedbyV^OOgle 



works of Fonralnei when we are told that 
this author aiked an Ecfleiiaftic one <Iayf 
with mtzch gravityi whether Rabelais or 
8t. Auc^ftine had moft wit** An author 
who is 9 Huroourift will do better to attack 
fmall foibles than great vices. As men 
fall into the former every hour without 
refleflingj they have more need to be re* 
minded of them ; while the laws take care 
to fupprefsthe latter. The Archbifhop 
of La Cafa was therefore right in laying, 
that he would be more obliged to one who 

ihould tell him the means of (ccnnag 
himfelf from the Ringing of infeds* tha|i 
toiMie who Ihould teach him how to mo- 
vent his being bit by tygers or lions. 

Thefe are my obfervatioos refpeAioC 
this powerful ancidott agamft melancholy i 
and I advife all thote who may, be fubjeck 
to frequent 5ts of it» to read a few page»^ 
of Lucian> Don Quixote* Tom Jones, 
Triftram Sbandy, or fonM other work of 
the (ame kind ^he falurarf efFe£ks of whick 
I im certain they will foon experience* 



[Conmuedfirom FoL 

)M the time of Mr.Qujn's eftabllfh- 
ment at Dnjr)'-Lane until Ae appear- 
ance of Mr. Garrick in 17419 he was 
generally allowed the ftsremoft rank in his 
profeflion. The elder Mills, who fuc* 
ceeded to 3ooth, was declining ) and 
Mtlvirard, an a^or of fome merit, had , 
not rifen to the height of his excellence, 
which, however, was not at the beft very 
great ; and Boheme w^s dead. His only 
competitor feems to have been, 
whofe merits were loft in indolent indul- 
gence. The writer ahready quoted has^ 
drawn the chara^ler of this aclor, com- 
l^ared with that of Mr. Quin, in fo im- 
partial a manner, that it may not be 
impertinent to introduce it in this 

" Quin at Drury-Lanc houfe, and 
Pelane at Covent-Garden, are the Per- 
Ibnae Dramatis which are without com- 
petitors* They both play the chFef 
chara^ers m the fame caft, therefore I 
4ia!l coniider their dHTerent charafbers to« 
gether. Quin has been many years on 
3ie Staee, and has gradually rofe up to 
that height of reputation he at prefe nt 
enjoys. When Di-ury-Lane was under 
the direction of the late Mr. Rich t> ht 
was in the inferior dafs, and the Lieu- 
tenant df the Tower, hi Gibber's alter- 
ution of ** Richard the Third,** was one 
of the principal parts he performed. •*— 
The caft of leveral plays in print fully 
prove his abilities were then thought but 
▼ery inrignifieant $ however, on a new 
company fetting* up at Lincoln*$-Inn- 
Fields, he was engaged in it, and has 
ever fince, but more efpecially on the 

* It is well known that Fontaine afked thfs queftion of the Abbe Boilesu, brother of 
the cslebrated Poet, who msde no other anfwer than to tell him, that he had put on oAa 
•f his ftockings with the iofideout, which was really the cafe. 

f This is a miftakc; it was under the direaion of Wilks,Booih» and Gibber. 

' efteemei 

death of Boheme, gradually ro(e Uy a greit 
degree of favour with the public. Mr* 
B^th^s quitting the Stage nil I fet him m . 
a fairer light, and indeed kft him without 
a rival. He had for fome time appeared 
without any competitor, when all on a 
fudden there appeared at Goodnum*s« 
Fields a young tiagedian from Dublin.— 
This was Dclane. Novelty, youth, a 
handlbme figure, took off from any ieveiy 
criticilm onnis elocution and a^ton. In 
(bort, though fo fai* firom the polite end of 
the town, he drew to him (everal polite 
audiences, and became in fucb a degree 
of repute, that comparifons were made 
between him and Quin ^ nor was he 
withoyt admirers of both fexes who gave 
him the preference. He was not infea* 
(ible of this, and determined to leave 
Goodman's Fields, and indulge his am- 
bition at one of the Theatres RoyaU 
Quinjuft'at that time left Covent Garden 
for Drury-Lane, and he engaged with 
Mr. Ris^ at Coven r- Garden, and in two 
or three years on the ^tage gained that 
ftation on it, which nK)ft of the other 
a£lors could not in many ^rs attain to. 
Quin has the chara^r of a |uft fpeaker^ 
but then it is confined ta the folemn de* 
clamatorf way : he jeither cannot work 
himfelf into the emotions of a violent 
paiTion, or he will not take the fatigue o# 
doing it. The paniality of his friends 
fays, ne can touch the padibns with great 
delicacy (^ be 'wilti but general opinion 
affirms, that he has neither power o£ 
' voice or fenfation to give love or pit)c 
grief or remorfe, their proper tone and 
variation of futures. Delane is alia 


zed by Google 




efteemed 1 juft player ; and though he 
hat often a more loud violence of voice, ytt, 
cither fiioin an invitation of Qniny or his 
own natural manner^ he has a lanoenefs 
of tone and expref6oii» and drawls out 
bis Hoes to a difpleafing length: but that 
load Tiolenee of Toice is ufeful to him 
when anger, indignation, or foch enraged 
jafiions, are to be expreflfed $ for the (hriU 
loudnefs marks the pafiMA which the 
iWeet cadence of Qain*s natural voice is 
unequal to* In fuch parts, cfpecially 
Alexander, Delane plealin manyi for 
the Million, as Cofky Cibber fays, are apt 
to be tranfported whien the drum of the 
ear ic fovndJy ratded. But, on the con- 
trary, Quin*s lolemn femenefsof pionuMcia- 
tion, which conveys an awful dignity, is 
d u ftn tn gly alfe£tins^n Cato. ^Pelane is 
yoQi^ eno^igh to rile to greater perfection j 
Quin maj b^faid now (o be at the heij;ht 
oOiis I if Ddane has the more pleabng 
peHbnyQuin has the more aflfeCling action $ 
both nwht foon appear with more advan- 
teige, if they were on the fame Staf;e.— 
Tne rtvalfiup of Delane would give a 
fpirited jealoufy to Quin, and force him 
to exert himfelf} and <^in*s judgement 
Woold improve the unfimAed aaion of 
Delane; but they are the Csfar and 
Fompey of the Theatres, and one Stage 
would be incompatible widi their ambi- 
tion ; Quin could bear no one on the 
footing oT an etjtial, Delane no one as 

I« the year 1735, Jsroft Hiff, in a pe- 
riodical paper, called Ibe Promf>Ur, 
attacked (ome of the principal Allots of 
die St^re, and particularly Col ley Cibber 
and Mr. Quin. " Cibber,'] lays Mr. 
Davies ♦, «Maoghed, but (^in was an- 
gry; and meeting Mr. HiU in the Cpurt 
«f ^e^efts, a fcyffle enfued between 
diem, which ended Im the exchange of a 
lew blows f/' 

• «« Davies*s Life of Ctrrick,'* Vol. I. p. 13S. 

f The following foeiM to be the pjragraph wbicl^ gave offence to the Aaor : <« And at 
«D joo Mr. All-weight, you lofe the advantages of your deliberate articulation, &i(Un£i ufo 
of paofing, lolemn Agnificance, and that compofed air and gravity of your mottun; tpr 
though there arifin from all thefe good qualities an eftecro that will contmue and mcreafe 
Ihe number of your friends, yet tbofe aroonjc them who wilh bed to your ioterell, will be 
al«rays iir>ealV at nbferving perfe£hon fo nearly within yoor readi, and your fpirits not diC- 
^ed to ftretch oat and cake pofleffimu To be a/mays deliberate and fulenin is aa error, 
ai certainly, thoogh not as onpardonaMy, as nevtr to be fo. To paufe where ao paofes are 
neceflary, b the way to dcAroy their effr A where the fenfe (UnUs in need of their atlittance. 
Aady thottgli dignity is finely m&intained by the weight of majedic compoAire, yet are ilieis 
fcenes in your parts where the voice iboukl be (harp and impatient, the look diiimiered aud 
agooixed, the aAioo precipitate and turbulent j— for the fake of fuch difiereoce as we fee 
m (brae liBooth canal, where the ftream is fcarce vifible compared with the other end of 
the fame canal, rofbing rapidly down a cafcado, and breaking beauties which owe ibeir 
Uif9&ifoa to their violoHe*** 

^^ Digitized by Google »* 

Mr. Quin was hardly fettled at Drury 
Lane before he became embroiled in a dili» 
pute relative to Monf. Puitier and Madame 
Koland, then two celebrated dancers, 
whofe negle£l of duty it had fallen to his 
lot to apologize for. On the 12th Decem- 
ber the following advertiiement appeared 
in the News papers : 

*' Whereas on Satureay laft, the au« 
dience of the Theatre Royal in Drurv 
Lane was gready incenied at their dif- 
appointment in M. Poitier and Mst^* 
Roland^s not dancing, as their names were 
in the bills fot the day ; and Mr. Quin, 
feeing no way to appcafe the reiientraent 
then lhewn» but by relating the real mef- 
fagps fent from the Theatre to know the 
reafons why they did not <iome to perform, 
and the ani'wers returned 1 And whereaa 
there were two advertifements in the Daily 
Pod of Tuefday laft, iniinuating ^lat Mr. 
Quin had with malict accui'ed the iaid 
Poitier and Mad. Roland t I therefore 
think it (in juftijce to Mr. Quin) incum- 
bent on me to aflure the Public, that Mr* 
Qjiin has condu6ied himfelf in th's point 
towards the abovementioned, with the 
ftrideil regard to truth and juftice ; and 
as Mr. (^in has a6led in this affair io 
my behalf, I think myfelf obliged to re- 
<lurn him thanks for fo doing. 

*< CuARLfs Fleetwood.'* , 

After this declaration, no further no* 
tice ieems to have be^ taken of the fracas. 
A (hort time afterwards the delinquent 
dancei's made their apobgy to the public, 
and were rect^ivcd into favour. 

In the fealtn of r734-5» Mr. Quin 
performed in Lillo^s *^ Chnltian Hei o,*' and 
Fielding's " Univeifal Gallant;** and in 
the fucceeding one he lirft performed Fal« 
ilaff in the " Second Part of Henry IV.*' 
for his own benefit. In 173^*7 he per* 
formed in Miller*s *^ Uuiveii'^l Pailion,** 


wJ In 1737.8 in the fame Author's ** Art firft opportunity. of pron^oting tht interefi 
and Nature.*' It was in this {eafon alfo of his friend Thomfoni iu tlte Tragedy of 
that he performed Comus *, and had the •« Agamemnon.** 

• The Author of " The Aaor**(Dr. Hill), 1755, p. 135, fays j <* In this Mr. Quin^ 
\ty the force of dignity alone, hid all his natMral defers, and fupported the part at fuch ^ 
height^ that none have l^een received in it Hnce. 

** The ftar that bids the Shepherd fold, 

<* Now thie top of Heaven dotli bold," 
ire lines which, though beau*iful, have nothing of natural greatnefi, bat Mr. Qutn madf 
> darknefs as he fpokethem. The folemnity and enthufuCm with whioh he pronounced then, 
called up the idea of a ftill and dead midn'ghti more than ail the defcriptioos even of 
MUton. When he afterwards delivered, 

<* The founds, the feas, and all their finny drove, 

«* Now to the moon in wav'ring morrice move j*' 
Co flrong was the imagery he added to the ftrength already given . by the Poet, that we Uvf 
the curled waves break in upon the calm repofe of the night, and the peitceful filhes rifrn] 
and falling under theif indented motion. 

** When he afterwards, with that change of tone and cadence wt^ch he poflefled beyon^ 
tllinortal mfn(fpite of the charge of his monotony), added, 

*' While on the tawny finds and (helves 

*f Trip the pert fairies and the dapper elves,'' 
fre fmllcd and fliook, and faw the little beings 

** Whofe midnight revels, by a fsreft fide, 

** Or fountain, Tome belated peafant fees, 

i* Or dreams he fees ; while over-head the moon 

f < Sits arbttrefs, and nearer to the earth 

«' Wheels her pale courfe.** 
^. His invocation of Cotytco was mafterly beyond all thefe. It was not deliTered witl| 
iwe and humility, as men addrefs their prayers ; fct it was not of a iportaf tp a Dcity| 
Sat a fqperiftr natqre addre<Iing another, nothing more than equal ; 

*« Hail Goddefs of no^urnal fport, 

<< Dark veifd Ci^tytto, t' whom (be fecret flamf 

** Pf midnight torches burn. 

•*» — Stay ihy cloudy ebon chair,^ 
There vMt In this all the fulemnity and ferious attention of a pr:iyer, though nothing of 
fhe confefled inferiority ^ yrt glowed, we trembled wifh delight and terror as his dern 
voice pronounced it. He rofe upon his audience through the whole coprfe of this great 
charter j an(i at the laft, when to the L>ady who would rife and leave him be faid, 

** Nay, Lady, fit. If I but wave this wand, 

f^ Your nerves are all bound up in alabafter. 

If And you a (latue t or, as Diiphne was, 

•* Root- bound, that fled Apollo,*' 
we heard the greatefl fentence ever pronounced upon the Briti(h Theatre. Thfooghou^ 
|he part he courts not as a mortal, but as a fuperior power, by promifes, not entreaties | 
ard when at the U^ he proceeds to threats, the Poet has pot more happily chpfcn his word^ 
than tttls player pronounced them^ 

^' There was in all this very littleof gefture: the look, the elevated pofture, and the brow, 
pf MajeOy, did all. Th^s was moA ju(l j for as the hero of Tragedy exceeds the g?ntle^ 
man of Connedy, and therefore in his general deportment is to ufe fewer gestures } tht 
fleity of the Mafque exceeds the hero in dit^n'ty, and therefore is to be yet more fparing.'* 

A^iin, p. 1S9. ** The language of Milton, the moil fublime of apy in our tongue^ 
fceincd formed lor the mouth of this player, and he did juftice to the fcntiments, which 
in that Author are always equal to the language. If he was a herp in Pyrrbus, he was, a^ 
it bqcamc him, in Comus, a demi-god, Mr. Quin was old when he peiformtd this part, 
and his natural m.inner grave; lie ^yas therefore unfit in common things for a youthful God 
ot Revels, yet did he command our attention and applaufein the part in fpite of thefe an^ 
all his othcc dif^dvantages. In the place of youth he had dignity, and for vivacity he 
gave U9 grandeur. T^e Author hadconneOed them in the charadleri and wluitever young 
and fpiriud player (hall attempt it after him, we (hall remember bis manner, faulty as it 
wak, in wiuthe could not help ; in what nature, not want cf judj{meot| mifreprefent^d it | 
I'o Ad to fwi the other in contein|>i. 

Digitized by Google ^'"^ 

FOR JULY i79». 


The friendihlp of Thomfon aqd Mr* 
.Quio is yec widiii) the recoikflion of 
many perlbas ftill living. •* The com- 
mcscexncnt of it^'* fays Dr. JohpfoDi 
** is very honourable to QuiD» who is re- 
ported to have delivered XhoLnfoB (then 
known to him only for his genius) from 
an arreft» by a very confiderable prefent | 
»nd iu continuance is honourable to both j 
for friendibip is not always the re(|uel 
of obligation ♦." 

The feafon of 1758-9 produced only 
one new play in which Mr* Quin per- 
iotmcdf and that was *« Muftaphat" by 
Kir. Mallet i which» ticcordiog to Mr* 
Davies f , was faid to glance both at the 
King and Sir Robert Waipolet in the 
charaders of Sol y man the Magni^cent 
and Ruftan his Vizier. 

On the Rrd night of its exhibition were 
aflembled all the chiefs in oppofitioa to 
^he Court i and many fpeeches were ap- 
plied by the audience to the fuppofed grie- 
vances of the timeS) and to I'^rfons and 
^haratUre • 1 he piay was in j^eneral well 
a^ed ; more papticularly the parts- of 
Solyman and Muiiapha by Qum and 
|i«iilwapd« Mr. Pope was prcfeut in the 
boxesy and at the end of the plav went 
behind the fcenes, a place which he had 
jiot viGted for fume years. He exprefled 
btmrelf to be well pleafed with his enter- 
uinments and panicularly addrc^ed 
himfelf to Quin> who was greatly flat- 
tered with the diftin^ion paid him by Co 
fr^dt a m<in; and wheq Pope's fervant 
brought his maker's fcarlet 9loak, Qu^in 

Infidcd upon the hoQOUi t>f putting it 

It was in the year i739» on the 9th of 
March, that Mr. Quin was engaged in 
another difpute with one of his brethren | 
which to one who had already been con* 
vided of roanllaughter (however con- 
temptible the perfon who was the partj 
in the difference might be) could not bjs 
viewed by him with indifference* This 
perfon was no other than the celebrated 
Mr. Theophilus Cibber} who* at that 
peiiod. owiDg to fome difgraceful cir<» 
cumftances relative to his conduct to hif 
wife^ was not held in the moft refpe^- 
able light. Mr. Quin's farcalhi on hhn 
is too grofs to be here iufcrted. it may« 
however* be ^rcad in the *' ApoUgy for 
Mr. Gibber's life," afcribed to Mr- 
FieldiogJ. The circumftances of the 
Duel we (hall relate in the words of one 
of the periodical writers of the timet* 
** About feven o'clock a duel was fought 
in the Piazxa, C«vent Garden, betweoi 
Mr- (^in and Mr. Cibber $ the former 
pulling the latter out of the Bedford 
Coffee- Houfe, to anfwcr for fome woiids 
he had nfcd in a letter to Mr. Fleetwood^ 
relating to his refuflne; to zGt a part in 
King Lear for Mr. Qiiin^s benefit on 
Thurfday fe'nnight. Mr, Cibber waa 
il>ghtly wounded in the arm, and Mr* 
Quin wounded in his fingers : after each 
hack their wounds drefled, they came ins» 
the Bedford Coffee- Houfe and abuic4 
one another; but the company pro* 
vented furihcr mifchief §*' 

• Joho<bn''s *' Life of Tborofon.'* Soon after Qjiiii's death this tranfaakm was mm 
lated m the papers of the day, and from tlience transfei red into the Life of Qmio in the ibi* 
lowing terms s '^Hearing that Thomfun was confinod in a fpunging-houfo for a debt of 
abotat feventy poundsi be (Q^iii^) repaired to the place, and, having enquired for, was in.' 
trodoced to ctie bard. 1 hocuron was a good deal dirconcerted at feeing Quin in fuch a 
pUce, as he had always t^ken great pains to conceal his vVanis ; and the more Co, as Qnin 
told him be w^ come to fup with him, being cbnfcious that all the money he was po(* 
iefhd of w»ald fcarce procure a good one, and Uut there wai no credit in thoTe houfes. 
Hit anxiety upon tWti head was however removed, upon Ctnin'i irforming hin\ that as ha 
luppoled it would have been inconvenient to have had the lupper dreffeJ at the place th«f 
were ioy he had ordered it frum an adjacent tavern } and ai a prelude h;»lf a dozen of claret 
was introduced. Supper being over, and the bottle circulating pretty brilkly, Qum faid, 
** It a time now wo ihould balance accounts.'' This aftouifhed Thomlon, who imagined 
be had (ome demiod on him j but Qjin, perceiving it, continued : *< Mr. Thomfon, the plea, 
fore I have had in peru&ug your works X cannot 4effimate at lefs thai a hundred pounds; ai%i 
I iofia upon n«w acquitting the debu'* On laying Uiis^ he put down a note of that valuCi 
and cook his le.^ve wicltout waiting (or a repl/« 

f «* Life o| Carrjck,' Y*^-^l» P. 34f 

I K 109. 

{ •« Poliueal Stated March 1739, p. 2j» 
fvcnt. ju(t befura his retirement to Bath in 1 7 5 1 

The writer Qf Mr. Quto*s life places thtt 
It would not be without ufe to aompara 

|bc |wo acconn^ togeth«r to form a turiher judgipent of (1^ life- writ's inaccuracy. 


zed by Google 



Ib the fea(on of 173^40 there was 
mf\t<i at Drury-lane Theatre* on the 12th 
of Nov«!nber, « Tragedy, entitled **Thc 
Faul Retirement/* by a Mr. AnthMiy 
Bnnvn> which received its fentence of 
coikkmqation on the firft night* in this 
|)by Mr. Quia had been foJicited to per- 
torm, which he refufcd i and the iH-fuc- 
cefs which attended the piece irritqf ed the 
iimhor and his friends fb miich^ that 
fhey afcribed its failure to the absence of 
Mr. Quin, and, in confe-quencc of it, re- 
peatedly inl'ulted hicn for feveral nights 
iftenvards when he appeared on the itage. 
This treattnenrt at length Mr. Quin re- 
lented, and 'determined to repel. Coming 
forwards, therefore'?^ he addreffed the 
audience, and informed them, ** that at 
the requeft of the Author he had read 
kts ptece before it was a6ted> and given 
him his Very ftncere opinion of it ; that 
it was the very word play he b^d tver 
read in his life, and for that reafon bad 
lefufed to ad in it." This fpiritcd ex- 
.plaoation was received with great ap- 
plaufe>and fur the future entirely hlenced 
the oppoRtion to him *1 in this feafon 
iic performed in LillVs ** Elmerick." 

On the 1 ft of Auguft 1740, an cntcr- 
taroment of a peculiar kind wat given by 
Frederick Prince of Wales, father of his 
prcfeut Majcfly, in the gardens of Clief- 
den, in commemoration of the Acceffion 
of King George the Firfty and in honour 
of the birth of the Princcfs Augufta» 
Bf>w Duchcfs of Brunfwick. It confifted 
of the Mafqac of Alfred*, by Thomfon 
and Mallet} the Mafaue of the Judg- 
ment of Paris j and iomt fccnes from 
R ch*s PantomtmcS) by him and Lalauze* 
with dancing by Signora Barbarini, then 
lately arrived from Paris. The whole 
was exhibited upon a theatre in the gar- 
den compofed of vegetables* and deco- 
rated with feftoons offlowtrs, at the end 
of which was ere£\ed a pavilion for the 
Prince and Priocefs of Wales, Prince 
George (his prclentMajcfty), aod Prin- 
rrfi Augufta. The performers in Alfred 
t» ere Quidt who rcprtffentcd the Hermit, 
MiIwhtS, MillSf Sajway, Mrs, Clivc, 
and Mrs. Hi)iton. ** The accommoda- 
tions for the company,'* fays Mr. Da* 
^ics t» ** 1 wa«4old, were but ican^y aod 

* Biographia Dramatica, Vol. II. p. rii. 
t Lil« of Qariick, Vol. U. p, 36. 

{ Th« Diurnal Papers infoi m uV, that the entartainincnts wera nrdered to be repaatci 
ihtt ne(t day, hut the rain fatliog very heavy, they aM:r^ 1V)ppe4 before the conciofrjri, 
4 Hfichoock^s ^ View a^ tbf IriOi SCa^e,** p. lo^.. 
I IbiUp. ii|. 

Digitized by LjOOQiC 

ill -managed; and the players were tim 
treated at perfons ought to be who ara 
employed by a Prince. Quin» I beliercf 
was admitted among thofe of the higher 
order ; and Mrs. C'ljve might be fkfefy 
truHed to take care of herfelf anywhere.** 
The whole of the entertainment con- 
cluded with fireworks made by Dr. De- 
faguliers 2* 

The next feaibn» that of 174^-41$ 
concluded Mr. Quins engagement at 
Drury-lane* In that period no new play 
was produced i but on the revival of 
" As You Like It,'' and "The Merchant 
of Venice," he performed» for the firft 
time, the parts of Jaques and Antonio» 
havingdcclinedthc part of the Je\v,whick 
was otifered to him, and accepted by 
Macklin. The irregular conduct of the 
Manager, Mr. Fleetwood* was this tima 
fgch, that it can excite but little furpriab 
that a man like Mr. Quin ihould Bnd hit 
fituation fo uneafy as to be induced to 
relinquilh it. In the Summer of 1741, 
Mr. Quin, Mrs. Clive, Mr. Ryan> and 
Mademoifelle Chateauneufithcn efteemed 
the beft female dancer in Europe* made 
an excurfion to Dublin. Mr. Quin had 
been there before* in the month oF June 
i739» accompanied by Mr. Oitfard, and 
receive^ at his benefit 1 x6A. at that time 
efteemed a graat fnm ^. 

On this iecond vifit ** Mr. Quin open- 
cd H ii) his favourite part of Cata* to iit 
crouded an audience as the Theatre 
could contain. Mrs. Clive next appeared 
in Lappet in *' The Mifer.*' bhe eor^ 
tainly was one of the beft that ever played 
it* And Mr^ Ryan came forward in 
lago to Mr. Quints Othello. With fuch 
excellent performers* we may naturally 
fuppofe the playt were admirably fui* 
tained* Perhaps it will fcarcely be ere* 
dited* that fo finiftied a comic a£lrefs at 
Mrs. Clive could fo far miftake her abi« 
iities, as to play Lady Townly to Mr* 
Quin's Lord Townly and Mr. Ryan^ 
Manly ; Cordelia to Mr. Quin't Lear and 
Ryan*s Edgar* &c. However, (he made 
ample amends by her performance of 
Nell, fhe Virgin Unmafqued* the Coun- 
try Wife, and £uphrofyne in ** Com us," 
which was got up on purpofe* and a£Ud 
for thp ftrft time in Ireland.'* 

FOR JULY 1792; 


Mr. Quin ieems to have tttended the 
Dablia Company to Cork and Limerick $ 
and the oext feafoOy 1741-4^9 we find 
him performing in Dublio» where he 
i^ed the part of Juftice Balance in 

• The Recruiting Ofiker," at the opcn- 
kg of the Theatre in 0£lober» on a Go- 
▼eroment aighi*. He afterwards per- 
formed Jaquest Apemantus> Richard* 
Cato, Sir John Brute, and Falftalf, un- 
fupported by any performer of eminence^ 
In December* however* Mrs.Cibberar- 
lived* and performed Indiana to his 
Touog Bcril 5 and afterwards they were 
frequently in the fame play, as in Cha- 
mootand Monimia* in " TheOrphani** 
Comas and the L^dy } Duke and Ifa- 
bcHa, in «* Mcafure for Meafurej'' 
Fryar and Queen, in *• The Spaoilh 
Frjrari'* Horatio and Califta, in the 

• Fair P«ncpt,"&c. &c» with uncommon 
applau(e»aim generally to croudcd houfes- 
Thc fiaee of the Irilh Stage was then To 
low, thu it was often found that the 
whole receipt of the houfe was not more 
^n fufiicieut to difcharge Mr. Quints 
tngagement i and To attentive was he to 
his own intefeft, and (b rigid id demand- 
hi^ itt execution* that we are told by 
Cood authority .he refn(ed to let the iur- 
fftin be drawn up unti! the money was 
regwiarly brought to him t- 

. He leCt DuUintn Feb. i74i*2» and on 
^ *Sth of March aififted the widow and 
four children of Mil ward the aftor (who 
^ied the 6th of February preceding)* 
*i^ performed Cato at Drury-lane for 
^^ benefit. Oo his arrival in London 
he found the attention of the theatrical 
Public entirely occupied bv the merits 
^ Mr.Garrick', who in October preced- 
ing had begun his theatrical career, and 
'^^ then performing with prodigious 
ft>«eft at Goodman's-fields. The fame 
•f the new performer afforded no plcafure 
to Mr. Quin, who farcalHcally obfcrved* 
that •* Garrick was a new Religion, and 
Aat Whitfield was followed for a time i 
•« they would all Cnmt to church again." 
Thb obicrvation being communicated to 
J*r» Carrick, be wrote the following 

^^ ^«. 1x^10 damns all clrarcb«8 but bil 

^MDplaioi that herefy cormpts the Town s 

That WhitfteU G«rm/lhM milled the a^e* 
And taints the found religion of the ftage. 
*< SchTfm,** he cries* « has i«m'4 the on. 

** tion'k brftin, 
** Bat eyes will open, and to eburcli again!** 
Thou great Infallible* fbrbtar to roar. 
Thy bulls and erron are rever'd no more ^ 
When doArines meet wiihgen'raiapprobatMi^ 
It is not here(y* but reformation. 

In the icafon of 1741-4^ Mr. Q^« 
returned to his former mafteF* Rich* at 
Covent Garden Theatre, where he op- 
poled Mr. Garrick at Drury-laoe $ k 
muft be added, with very littk fucoeii. 
But though the appUtufe the Utter ob* 
tained from the public was not agreeable 
to Mr. Quini yet we find that a icheoic 
was propofed and agreed to, thougb hoc 
carried into execution, in the Summerof 
i743» fo<^ them to perform together for 
their mutual benefit a few nights at Lin* 
coln's-inn-ficIdsTheatreJ. On t]ief«dum 
of this plan Mi.Quin wcntcolXiblin»wheie 
he had the mortification to find tlie fame 
of Mr. Sheridan* then new t#tl)e#a^c^ 
more adverfe to him than even Mr. Gai^ 
rick^s had been in London* Inliead of 
making a profiubic bargain in Dublio*a« 
he hoped* he found the Managers of cbc 
Theatres there entirely indifp^ed 10 ad- 
mit him* After fiayiog there a fiuxt 
time he returned to London, without 
cflfe^ing the purpoTc of his journey §^ 
and in no good humour witli the new per- 

The ieafon of 1743 -44* Mr. Q^ra, 
we bejieve, paflcd without any ea^^age- 
ment, but in that of 1744-5 he wa« €t 
Covent Garden again*and performed King * 
John in Gibber's »* Papal Tyranny/* The 
next year A:ems to have been <ievoted tm 
repofe— ^whether from indolecce, or ittr 
ability to obtain the terma he required 
from the Managers, is not .very apparent* 
Both may have united. It was iouae of 
thefe periods of relaxation that gave oc- 
cafion to his fritg d Tho|n(ba, who had ' 
been gradually writing the " CalUe cf 
Indolence** for 14 or 15 years)], to intno^- 
duce him into " The Manfioa of Idl^ 
nels/* in thisilanza : 

BerewhiKMn Mgg'd th' Esorus of i^e-ftjaj 
But, cali'd by Fame, in fool ypncfcdd deep^ 

A noble priOc r^or'd h'Nn to the ^e, 
And roused him kkea gyant from his fteqfw 

• Hiicheqdt't ••View of the Irtfh Stajjc,** p. 115. 

t «heridan»s •' Humble Appeal to the Public," Svo. 175I, 

t Macklin's Reply to Oarrick's AnCwer* t743« P* 19* 

i Davies't «• Life of Garrick," Vol. I. p. S3. 

I toN BudMB** «« Life of Tbomr«nr** f. lat. 


Digitized by 




ETen from his llambers we advtnta^ reapt 
With double fbrca ch* toliven'd lcen« he 
Tet quits not Nature^s boondit Hd knows 

to keep 
Sachdueueconim t Now the heart he (bakes, 
.And DOW wirh well mg*d fenfe tb' enlj^h- 
tmed judgment lakes. 

He had the next fcafon, i746-7» oc- 

fofioD to exert himftlf, being engaged 

St Co¥cnt Garden along with Mr. 

Garrick.' ** It is not, perhaps,'* fays 

Mr. Davies *, '* more difficjlt to fetUe 

the covenants of a league between mighty 

Aonarchs* than to adjuft the prelimina- 
ries of « treaty in which the high and 

potent Princes of a 1 hcaire arc the. 

parties. Mr. i Garrick and Mr. Quin 

had too much fenie and temper lo fquab- 

Ue about trifles. After one or two 

previous and friendly meetings, they fc- 

le^edfuch chara£ters as they intended 

to a^, without being obliged to join in 

the fame play. Some parti were tb be 

m€ttd alternately, particularly Richard 

111. and Othello.*' The fame writer 

adds f : ** Mr. Quin foon found th^i his 

competition with Mr. Garrick, whofe 

reputation was hourly increafing, whilft 

his own was on the decline, would foon 

hecome ineffectual. His Richard the 

Third could fcarce draw together a de- 
cent appearance of company in the boxes, 

and he was with fome X difficulty tole- 
rated in the part, when Garrick afted 
the faine chara£ter to crowded houfes, and 
with very great applaufe. 

** The town had often wiflicd to fee 
thcfe great aftors fairly matched in two 
tharaaers of almoft equal importance. 
The Fair Penitent prefented an oppor- 
tunity to difplay their fcvcrat merits, 
though it mutt be owned that the ba- 
lance was as much in favour of Q^iin, as 
the advocate of virtue is fuperior in ar- 
gument to the defender of profligacy. 

" The Oiouts of ap^aufe when Hora- 
tio and Lothario met on the ftage together 
(X4th Nov. 1746), in the fccondaft, were 
lo loud, and fo often repeated, before the 

• «« Life of Girrick,»' Vol. L.p.^j. f Ibid, p. 9^. 

t In the Gentleman's Magazine, Oa. 1 75©, p. 439. isiRcgifterbl Pfays aaod that 
month, ui which we find the folU)wing article.—** ^6. Riibard ill. Qain fratichhiir^^ 1 
q^sea^ Cibber (firft time of her aaing it).'» ^ ' » 

§ *« Life of Garrick," Vol. i. lol. Mr. Davies i», however, miAakea when he aflcrts 
that Mr, Qjib did not perform in any piece aAed with this popular farce. Oh the contrary' 
he a6bd Calcd on tbc third night, and Sir John Br«e on the nintb. At the benefits he 
aaed ofiencr before it than he omitttd, Ic rao aol a mooih or Hve weeks^ as Mr. Cbvi^ 
ivppoCest but only eighteen nigiui. 

Digitized by GOO|^g^^^j^ 

Bodience permitted them to Ipealr, that 
the combatants (cemed to be difcondcrtcd* 
It was ohferved, that Quin changed co- 
lour, and Garrick feemcd to be embar* 
raffed ; and it mud be owned, that 
thefe a6lors were never lefs mafters o^ 
themfclvcs than on the firfl night of the 
conteft for pre-eminence. Quin was too 
proud to own his feelings on the occa- 
sion ; but Mr. Garrick was heard to fay^ 
** 'Faith, I believe Quin was as much 
fr!j»hteneda$ myfelf.'' 

" The play was repeatedly a6^ed, ani 
with conftant applaufe, to very brilliant 
audiences 5 nor is it to be wondered at | 
for, befides the novelty of feeing the two 
rival a<flor5 in the fame trag^edy, the Fair 
Penitent was admirably played by Mrs. 

It was in this fcafon that Mr. Garrick 
produced ** Mifs in her Tccds," the fuc- 
cefs of which is faid by Mr. Davies § 
to have occafionccTno fmall mortificatiim 
to Mr. Quin^ He, however, did not 
think it prudent to refufc Mr* Garrick *s 
offer of performing it at his benefit j and 
accordingly the following letter was pre- 
fixed to all Mr. Quin's Advertifcments s 
** Sir, 
" I am forry that my prefcnt bad f^ate 
of health makes me uncapable of per- 
forming fo long and Co laborious a cha- 
ra^er as Jafl^er this feafon. If you think 
my playing in the farce wilt be of the 
lead fcrvicc to you, or any entertainment 
to the Audience, you may command 
** Your humble fcrvant, 
MarcJits. "D. Garrick/* 

Ir was this feafon alfo in which ** The 
Sufpicidus Hufbaad" appeared. The 
part of Mr. Strfckland was offered to Mr. 
Quin, but he refufcd it; and in Confc- 
quence it fell to the lot of Mr. Bridge- 
water, who obtained great reputation by 
his performance of it. 

{Thejrreat additions to this life tranf^ 
milted us by the Writer o/itf waiees 
^ it impqjJibU t$ cOTutuUe it tkis 

Digitized by 











? « 


zed by Google 

FOR JULY 179a, 



TuFSOAY, Jane 6* 
Niw Forest. 
T CRD GrcQville moved the orJer of the 
'"' <Uj OQ the Bill for encreafiiig and pre> 
(vrins Uw tinr.ber ^n the New Foreft^ and 
for cIk fale of renCi and enfranchifemenis of 
oipyhoUl tenements in the faid ForeA. He 
nonrked that the great decay of timber for 
the Royal Navy made fuch a Bill neccflary, 
»i its prrndpfe was recommended by the 
GommidioBers of the Land Revenae. 

Lords f^orchefter, Cariifle, and Rawdon, 
oppofed the Bill, as tending to create in the 
fcrfofl of one Gentleman (Mr. Rofe, Ranger 
ef tbe ForeA) a ftroog minifterial inflaeoOe 
aod dominion in tbe county. They declared 
it wai 00 more than a job to ferve party 
• 'Tfofei, and they were partlcoUrly fevcre 
JD Mr. RoTe beiuf^ at the fame time Secre* 
t»y of the Treafory, Clerk of that Houfe 
(wiierethe baftnefswas entirely done by Mr# 
Cowper, whUft Mr. Rofe received the profits) 
and Rnger of tbe New Forcft . They conceiv* 
^ the appointntient of Secretaries of State, 
or Under Secretaries, to rural po(h» im- 
pcQper and injtuloas, as they ought to have 
iunethtng elfe to attend to ; and Lord Car- 
Ulc could not help remarkiog, tliac fioce tke 
>KK>iiuiQent of tbe Noble Lord who now 
■oTcd the Bill, to the Rangeifliip of Hyde 
Pifk, thai fpot had been fo much negled^ed, 
s to fliock tbe tade of the elegant company 
ttot refoned to It. 

The Lord Chancellor wijs decidedly agatfift 
^ Bill, and oppofed it with many ftrocig 
cbjedion^^among which he confidered its 
aooihiUciiig the landed property from tho 
Crovo as not the leaCt. On this part of the 
fBbj«a be profeffed himfelf to be of that 
<>P«ioa which bad been formerly held, that 
liKCmwn ihould alwayr'poflefsa landed 
>«ef«ft m iba c«Hiotry ; and that if ilie 
tftitci attached to it could be fo improved as 
to render it. independent of the nectffity of 
*Pl4yiog to Parliament for iappoi t, it would 
^ BMTi honourable and beneficial to both ; 
^ that focn was the conditutional principle 
^^jsoonuj, he thought was fufRcicnily 
cndeat in tl»e dsterminatiun of making for- 
feted bodi fall to tbe Crown ; and tlKrefore 
•^cwy 00c bu: confider eveiy fuggoi^ion 
to takeaway pert #f that property, asin- 
f^R^iog Dpoo, and depriving the Crown of 
^ joft right, So well wrs he convinced of 
tbe fshcrlv ad'edion of our profent bove- 
Vuu XXU. 

reign » that it was only to be reprefeni 
biro that a coocellion would be of bene 
his people, to induoa him to accede 
with t^e greateft facility j nay, tie f: 
kbewy that the duty and aife^ion ( 
heirs, either apparent or in expefl 
were fuch, that although he in fa^ 
poffeflfed a lite intercCt in thofe lands, 
would not intimate a fuggeftion 
trary to his wilb : but ftich being the 
it became more neceflary for that Houfe, 
were his hereditary counfellors, to cor 
well to what they would advife him. 
Lordfhip then adverted to tbe princip 
the Bill, and the various regulations it r 
to provide ; all of which he condrr 
a"« improper and ill- conceived. Confid 
them legally, and in different points of y 
he treated the whole as calculated to inf 
upon the property of the Sovereign, wi 
the fmallefl advantage to the public, 
reprobated the* indecency ' of bringing 
Bill of fuch importance at fo late a pc 
profefTedly in the laft week of the Sell 
and concluded with hoping their Loi i] 
wouUl fupport the Crown in that am 
legal, and prefcriprive right to which it 
con(ti!4itionally entitled, and which thi: 
went to annihilate. 

Lords Stormont and Loughborough 
poned the amendments of the Chancel 
but upon a divilion. (after a reply from 
Gi envtile) therf appeared for the BUI 
agaioft it only 35. 

THtfBSDAY, June 7. 
New Forest Bill. 
Lord Poxhef^cr defired ilie preaml 
the Bill to be read ; and it being read k 
ingly, he infilled th:tt without the V 
cooTent being notihed in iorm previc 
any further ditcuffion on the fubj:;a, u 
urrparli4mentary in their Lordlhips to 

Lord Grenville faid, that the King's 
was already before the Houfe. It ca 
the form of a melLge from his M; 
dire^ing that very meafure which was 
undgr their Loraihips conAJer^ition. 

The Lord Chancellor lufillcd th 
alfent of his Majef\y was requifire 
given in dur form 5 and fuch rtfp"*?^ 
for the prerogative, and for the initref 
Cioun, that he mutt oppofe any 
progrefs until the Royal Atfent was g 
doe forsDj aad Uius much be dvoi 

^ Digitized by LjOOJv.^ 


that if ever there was a time when the 
Parliannent and people of this count rv wfre 
calltd upon (o exert themfelvet in fupport ef 
the nghcs and dignities of their Sovereign, 
It was at the prefent inoment, when the 
ravaging fydem of democracy was attempt- 
ing to oveiturn all due refpe£l— >jll found 
policy— >aU obedience to the law and the 
Conltitution. « . 

Lord Grenville obfervtd, that this was the 
fecond time the Learned Lord had attempted 
to perfuade the Hoafe that his oppttfitiun to 
Che Bill was founded on his own loyalty j 
and, of courfe, on an idea of difloyahy in 
thofe who propofed the meafure. But he 
fliould again repeat, that the coi^duA of 
Miniflry tended to fvpport the true dignity 
of the Crown by eveiy m^e that could 
/•nfure the real happintfs of the people* No 
man could have more gratitude, more vene- 
ration, more fincere love lor bis Sovereign 
than he had. 

The Duke of Montrofe beg^d their 
Lordibips to advert to the rules of Pailia* 
ment, which were, that in a Committee it 
was Intpoflible the aflfeiit of the King could 
be given— there was a (landing order againft 
luch gn^fsirregubriry. 

The I>uke of Clarence came forward and 
declared himfdf an advocate for the imerefts 
of the Crown, as laid down by the Learned 
Lord } and in anfwer to what fell from the 
Puke of Montrofe faid that he was on a 
Committee the other day where his Ma]eOy*8 
aflent was necetfdry, and that affent was 
lormaDy given in the Committee. He de- 
dared th;:t heihould ever fupport the preroga- 
tive of the Croi^n, and he trufted that dc- 
daratioi) would be credited. 

Lord Stormont thought thcbeft way would 
be to move, that the Committee do adjourn 
during pleafure, and that when the Houfe 
wasrefumed the MiniAer Ibould declare the 
aflfent of his Majefty. 

This was agreed to, and fo the bufioeft 
tnded, after a debate of four hours. 
Ft IDA Y, Junes. 
Hammhirb Forest. 
Lord Grenville, by command of his Ma* 
jeOy, notified the King*s cor.fcnt thnt llieir 
L(*id(hips fhnutd a^ in the Bmi before tfitm 
as they ftinuld think fit. Ordered to pro- 
ceed on the Bill on Monday. 

In a Committee on the National Debt 
Bill, Lord Lauderdale, ui>oii the old grounds 
^of oppofition to the Biil, reprobated it as pre- 
iumptuoofly, cor»ceitedIy, and ar. ogantly le- 
gtfl trmg for pcflcriiy ^ and moved the 
cmiHion of certain tlaufe«. 

His Lbrdlhip was foUc)Wcd and fupported 
in hif oppofition to the U.ll by Lords lUi^don 
atid Siorroom. 

Lord Grenville replied. His Lorddiiff 
faid, the Bill having before been fully dt(<* 
cuiTed by their Lordflilps, and having been 
carried by a divifiooy it was unneceffary for 
him to go into a general defence of its prin- 
ciple. Jc certairily was binding only uoiil 
repealed, and went no further to Icgiilate 
for poHerity than the MtlUon Bill did, or 
than every other Bill certainly did whicb 
was not p.ifled merely for one fclfion. 

The Marquis Townfhend and Lord Mul- 
grave gave their fupport to the Bill, and ap- 
plauded tic conduct of Adminifln^tion. 

Lord Lauderdale's motion was put and 
negatived, and the Bill then pafled the Coa- 

Mow DA r, June ii. 
Lord Rawdon moved the order of th0 
day, for going into a Committee on his Debtor 
and Creditor Bill. 

Lord Kenyon objeAed, that feveral of the' 
proviiions were inadequate ; and from the 
approaching termination of Che feffion, na 
piqfpe^ could be entertained of reoderinf 
them perfed^. If the Bill were laid afide for 
the prefect, he ihould bimfelf give every alUft- 
ance towards preparing another, more fuited 
to the end propofed, which might be brought 
in early in the coui fe of next felBon. 

The Lord Chancellor complimented the be* 
neficent intentions of the Noble Lord with 
whom the Bill originated^ but fek himfclf 
obliged to oppofe it, from a convifiion tbac 
it was not, in its prefent flate, ei|ual to the 
magnitude of the objedi at which it aimed. ■ 
It did not provide fufhcient means for com- 
pelling the debtor to difcover and furrender 
air the property he bad in the world. The 
ttfio i>Mortfw was more amply fecured by 
the bankrupt laws now exiting 3 and excia* 
five of this, the Bill, in his opinion, afforded 
latitude for the exercife cf frauds. 

Lord Rawdon begged their Lordibips ti» 
recoiled, that he lifid from the fiiti diOinaiy 
iUted, that nothingt in his opinion, ought to 
be more rigidly guarded againft than the 
praAice of frauds upon tradefmen, by con* 
triving to impofe upon them with the apw 
pearance of ftile and fplendc/ur. He wae 
not fo wedded to his own opin'on as to 
think (hat ihe proviiions of the Bill were 
perfect but he was alfured that the wifdom 
of their Lordfhips would eafily render it 
fo ; and if no attempt (hould be made, the 
grievance which he wifhcd to redrefji, *and 
which every one roul) acknowledge to exift, 
muft continue for ever. Perceiving, how- 
ever, how tiie feelings of tlie Houfe f^ood,^ 
he (bould not now prefs the Bill, and fbould 
only obferve, that it was incumbent on ihofe 
who had cenfured its provifu>n<, to give that 
feftlAarce ^ hich cbey^wfre to well able tO' 

Jigitized by Google %i^r 

FOR JULY 1791. 


five, to eompfottSfig fo btunaBe and to 
Qccdiiry a work. 

The qoeftioa was then pat on the com- 
nitmcntof the Btii, and ne^tived without 
a iUvWioa. The Bill was of courfe loll. 

The order of Che day for the third reading 
if the Libel Bill beinj: read, 

Icr^ Bnhuri^ fpoke a few words agaioft 
Ibe Bill, which, he afTerted, went to deprive 
Ae Jadge of hit coollitutional office, and in- 
Uifted it to the hands of illittroie Juries. 

The Chancellor then put the qaei^ion upon 
the Bill, and faid, be was afraid the Con- 
tests had k *. 

Lord Porcbefter prefented a petition from 
fevenil perfonSj who conceived their proper* 
lies aifeaed by tlie Bill for inclofmg the New 
Foreft, praying that the fame might not be 
pified into a law. The petition was read 
at the table, after which his Lordlhip moved 
thtt the Bill be poftpooed to that day two 

Lord Grenville would not oppofe the mo- 
tion. He did not know, till about two 
boon before, that any perfons conceived their 
property to be injured by the Bill. As there 
wsre fuch, it was fit that their expoftulations 
ibmild be beard i but ^ce the fedion was 
MMT too near a period to admft of the in- 
vcftigirion, he ihould coafent to potting oS 
the BUI until next fefUon t when a new one, 
ftxiodedoa the fame principle, but, if ptilBhle, 
fcnacd fo at not to interfere with private 
fifbts, would be early introduced. 

Heard Coonfel on the Derby Paving BUI, 
which was afterwards read a third time, and 

* WitDiiESpAY, Juneij. 
Westminster P»«i.ick Bill* 

The Houfe having rcfolved itfelf into a 
CciQinittee, Lord Groiville moved ihefecood 
rtadiog of the WeAminfler Police Bill, 

Lord Loughborough rofe, smd oppofed the 
Bill in a fpeech of (bme length. In review. 
ing the prcfcnt Police of Weftminttcr, he 
acknowledged it was moft defeaive, and he 
wilhcd the Roution Offices fupprcffed j but 
he thought the prefent fy(lem might be im- 
proved, without changing it fo fundamen- 
tally. The grand objca which was to be 
deftred, was to place the Magiftracy of Weft- 
minfter upon as rcfpcaabic a footing as it it 
in other parts of the kingdom. Hn Lordfcip, 
in the courfe of his fpeech, noticed the long 
period that had elapfed without the appoint- 
ment of a Lord Lieutenant of the county, and 
was yet of opinion that very refpe^ablo gen- 
tlemen might be found to unOtrtake, without 
trading fee , the talk of Magiftracy 

Lord Sydney was agtinft putting off the 
Bill } the enormities which were Uaily com- 
mitted in Weftminftcr, made it neceffary 
that fome decifive meafure fhould be im'me« 
diatelv adopted. 

L^ rd Grtnville was of the fame opjnion i 
the office which he had had the honour of 
holding formerly, of Secretary of State for 
the Home Department, made him neceff-hly 
acquainted with many enormities which are 
common in this town, and which he d<d oot 
think it poffibic to prevent, without adopting 
the regulations of this Bill. 

The Lord Chancellor and Lord Kenyan 
approved of the Bill. 

The Duke of Leeds was of tlit fame opl- 
nion, but wilhed to fee a plan of Magiflracf 
adopted in WefhninAer fimitar to that of 

The Earl of Aylesfnrd approved highly 
of the fyftem of Police which the Bill pro. 
vided, and fpoke of the Birmingham riott 
as a ground for v^iGiing that the fame fyftem 
was generally extanlcd, as he was perfoaded ic 
VTOuld well anfwer the ends of Government. 

• The following PaoxtST againft paffing of the Bill was afterwards entered on the 

Journals ; 


ift, Becaufe the rule laid down by the Bill, contrary to the determination of the Judges, 
and the unvaried praAice of ages, fubverts a fundamental and imporran' principle of Eng. 
lifb jorifprodence, which, leaving to the Jury the trial of the fadt, rcfervcs t<» tht Coort the 
dtdiiooof the law. It was truly faid by Lord Hardwicke, in the Court of King's Bench, 
that if thele came to be confounded, it would prove the confufion aud deflru^ion of the law 
•f England. 

•» idly, Becaofe Juries can in 00 cafe decide, whether a matter of record be fofficieot 
•potJ which to found judgment. The Bill admits the criminality of the writing fet fonh in 
tbeindiameot or infoimation to be matter of law, whereupon judgment may be ^r flct* 
w«withftanding the Jury have found the defendant guilty. This (be ws that f he qiieftion il 
iponthe record, and diftinaiy feparated from the province of the Jury, which is only to 
^ Wb. 

•* 34!y, Becaufe, by confining the rule to an indiament or informaMon for a libel it 
h tdimtitd, that it does not ipply to the trial of a general ilTue, in an a^i n for the fame 
KW, or any fort of afiion, or any fort of indiament or infornnaiion ; but ^s the fame prin- 
2fc,aod the fan»c role, rouft apply to all general iffues, or 10 none, the ruU, as declared 
■f (hrBiU, is abfolutely erroneous. 



rr^ strict)? E AN MAGAZINE, 

I«ord Loughborough proCeOed 9gnn(i aay 
cxtcnfioD of ibe principle o( the Bill. It 
might be proper fur the metropolis ; hoc furs 
be \9Mf that it wpuid not be fafe to extend 
it generally to the counties. 

Lord Aylesford explained, that he onlf 
meant to Aate, that the fyftem of police 
beld out bf the Bill would be ufefuUy appli- 
cable to Birmiogham and other great towns. 

Lord Rawdon oppofed the Bill U Mo, and 
Lord King fupported iCj and after ibme 
further converfation it was read a feeond 
time, and ordered to be reported. 

A petition from Sir Jamet John(fone to 
his MjjeAy, claiming the Barony of Annan- 
dale, was prefented to the Houfe by Lord 
Grcnville, and being read, was referred to 
the Committee of Privileges. Adjourned. 
Thursday* June 14. 


Lord Grenville moved an humble addreft 
to his Majcfty, that he would be gracioufly 
pleafed to order fuch alterations to be made 
in the Hou^e, as might conduce to the better 
accommodation of their Lordfbips. Ordered. 
Whitehavbm Harboitr. 
Lord Spencer obje^ed to the third read* 
ing of the Whitehaven Harbour Bill^ on the 
ground of the time not having bem fuffi* 
cient, during its progrefs, for the parties 
whofe interelt it might affe6l to (tate their 
objections to it. He concluded by moving, 
«• That the Bill be read a third time on this 
day fe^nnight.*' 

Lord Loofdale fpoke io fapport of the 
Silly in which, he faid, it was well known 
lie was principally ioterefted. His Lordfbip 
ftated to the Houfe the interefl and power 
he h^d in Whitehaven, into the harbour of 
which no vefTel could go, and in the town 
of which there could be no trade, without his 

Lord Cathcart, on the fame grounds with 
Lot d Spencer, was for poftponing tlie Bill. 

The queitioii was pur, and the motion of 
Lord Sptnccr for deferring the third reading 
tjMtil this day fe^noight, negatived by a divi- 
fion, in wliich the numbers were — Not Con- 
tents 5 — Contents 4—-Maj<)rity for the Bill x. 
It vs. as then ordered that the Bill be read a 
third time on the morrow. At half after fix 

F»iD\Y, June 15. 
Keada third time and palTsd the White* 
hjkvcn Harbour Bill. 

At a quarter after three. o"* clock, his Ma* 
jeOy arriveil at thr Houfe of Peerb, and being 
featcd on the Tyrone, with the ufual for* 
m.ilitiffs, the Djks of Leeds bearing the 
Sword of Hite, and Lord Sydney the Cap of 
Maintenance, Sir Francis MoJyneox was ieo( 

to the Houfe of Commonsy to command' 
their immediate attendance upon hit Majef^y* 
The Commons being come accordingly^ 
their Speaker addreffed bis Majelly to the 
following purport t 

** That his faithful Commeos, not con- 
tent with having carried into cfifeA a Bill, 
the principle and tendency of which was 
highly interefting to public credit, and to tbo 
profperity of the kinfdom, bad alfo made 
provifien for preventing the future perma- 
nent increafe of the National Pebt, by liav- 
ing refolved that im all future loans means 
fhould be found for their difcharge, whicli 
operation it wai the, hope of the Commons 
no neceffity would ever prevent ; as by fucli 
provifion his MajeAy's loyal fubje^s would 
be guarded from thofe difficulties in which 
they had been involved, and which could 
only have been fupported by that public fpiric 
and patriotick teal which pervaded all ranks 
of his Maje(ty*s people. Other objeds had 
alfo occupied'the attention of the Commons« 
who had the fatisfa^ion of releafmg his Ma- 
i^y's fubjedts from feveral of the burdens 
under which they had laboured. The Com • 
mons had alCo taken meafures to promote 
the commerce, the manufa^hires, and ths 
revenue of the empire. He aflured his Ma- 
jefty of the determination of his faithful Com- 
mons to maintain the happy Conflitution oi 
Che country, from which the people looked 
for an incr^Ue of their Ueffings, and for tb« 
fecurity and continutince of thofe of whick 
they were a^ually polTeHed. The Common^ 
alfo trufled that the giving to Juries the rigbc 
of deciding on all cafes pf libels, wovld bp 
highly advantageous, as it gave unifdrmity tq 
the law, and fecuriry to the property, tho 
lives, and liberties of his Majefty's fubje^. 
He declared tht fenfe of the Comnuns of 
the enjoyments arifing from the prefent form 
of Government, the prefervation of wbicb^ 
they were fully convinced, was determined to 
be perfevered in by a great and loyal people. 
He concluded by faying he held in his hand 
the National Debt future Loan Bill, to whiUi 
his Majefty*s faithful Commons prayed hit 
Royal AlTent. 

The Clerk having taken the Bill tg the 
Ublei, it received the Royal Aflent in tho 
ufual form, as did Mr. Fox*s Bill to remove 
Doubts on the Fundions of Juries in cafes of 
Libel— the National Debt Bill — Weftminfter 
Police Bill— and alfo various other Bills^ 
eighteen in number, fifteen of which wera 
Public, and three Private. 

After this bis MajeAy clofed the Sellioa 
of Parliament with the Speech to bolh 
Houfiei lofcried in Vol. XXi. p. 4S5. 

Digitized by 



FOR JULY i>92. 



TuiSDAY, June 5. 

THE Scots Epifcopalian Bill was read 
a third time« and pa0ed 
The confideratioa of an Amendment made 
%j the Lords in the Servants CharatStert fSill 
was put off for two months, 00 account of 
a point of privilege, and a new Bill ordered 
to be brought ia. 

Ihoia Bodgit. 
Mr. Secretary Dundas, in a Committee 
«( the whole Hoofe, rofe to ftate the fitua« 
tion of India Finance. He premifcd his 
cftimates by remarkinfc« that the country 
being in a ftate of a^ual war, they were 
liible, in many indanctrs, tofome uncertain- 
ty, and he acknowledged that the accounts 
fcnt him from one of the Prefidcncics, were 
■ot made up with that accuracy which they 
oaght to be ; but though he Ihouid, in his 
€akiilatJOQ.«, take every thing in the mo(^ 
onfavour-ihle point of view, there would be 
a refolt fufficient to difpel every fear rcfpeft- 
iof India revenue and refources; and he 
particularly noticed a plan of a permanent 
bod afleflment, which was tifiw gone to 
India, that muft give confidence and fecu- 
rity to the Und holder, and (lability to the 
Und revenue. 

He then went into a detail of the charges 
sod revenue of each Frefidency for 1790 
and 1 791, comparing them with former 
jrears, which he recapitulated in the following 
Actual Rxvcnuss of i790->9i« 
Bengal iC«5»5**«^9t 

Midras • 1,644.223 

***°^ - 183.946 

Total )C 7.350»46« 

Actual Charges of 1790-91. 
^«"P»l iC-3»a2S.9i8 

Madras 1,686,304 

iombay x," 1,437 

' £-7,024,669 

jMo£t expences of Beneooleo and 
Prmce of Wales*8 Iflaod 62,018 

^ Sale of Inaport Goods and 

certificates 317,877 

Dodo^l Uilen(k paid at 
Bengal 30'»^a+ 

Madras i73fiiO 

Bombay dated at, but 
no aduai account 1 1 2^784 



Revenue and produce of fales and ccrtlll* 
cares, after paying the expences of the war 
and theinterc(l of debt payable in India. 
The next article to be confidered was the 
On the30ih April 1790 jC-7,05^»6$» 

On the 30th April 1791 8,150,9-^6 

Inereafe of Debt in Tndia 1,094,2841 

Add Debt remitted by fub{crip6on 

to England . . 688,044 

Inereafe of Debt if none remitted 
home - - 1,782,328 

Svrplos • . 3,5,5 

•• wImIo that nmriped oi the year's 

Debt in India, bettring Intereft, 

April 3D, 1790 - 5,406,9^^ 

Ditto, April 30, 1791 6,325,644 

Inereafe of Debt, bearing Intereft 91 8, 508 

Inereafe ofr Debt flated lafl year at 447 , 1 06 
Interefl on 30th April 1791 529,624 

Inereafe of Intereft, excltifive of 
diminotioii by the transfer of 
debt • . 82,5x7 

He then ftated the manner in which the 
debt had arifen, by bills drawn, and the 
purchjfe of invcrtments ; and having ac- 
counted for its inereafe, he fhewcd that the 
Company ""s affjtrs were nor wQifc in the be- 
ginning of 1772, than in the beginning of 
1791. They had laft year been improved 
^y paying off a debt of 964,000!. and by 
an inereafe of money in their Treafury to the 
amount of 541405I. (o that after con- 
tinuing a war for eiglucen months, the' 
Company were not worfe in 1792 than in 
1791 but by 276,0001. 5 however, as he 
was nor difpofed lo difjjute about trifles, be 
would take it at half a million ; and evca 
that, compared with the exertions made to 
bring the war to a fpcedy conclufion, but 
much more with the prcdiaions and aflow 
tions of Gentlemen laft year, would appear' 
to be but of little momtnt. ' 

Mr. Dundas, in addition to the public ac* 
counts, read fcveral private letters he bad re- 
ceived, and particularly one from the Pay- 
ma ftcr General, which ftated, that Lord 
Comwallis's plan for conducing the war 
was fuch as even experience and events did 
not produce a wifh to alter j that he had, , 
with infinite ability, kept his unwieldy 
allies t.»gether ; that he had fuppllcfl hie 
army chiefly from the enemy's country, and 
turned Tippoo''8 means of fopply againd 
blnareif 5 that fuch* wat the efficient comroal 



in an the departmentt , that no money was 
waited } and that the expencf of the war in 
»]) the Prefidencies did not exceed the ex* 
pence of the peace rftabliOvment by much 
more than igo,occI a month. From all 
thcfe corroborating circumftances, he had a 
rJRht to expeft that Gcnilemen would lay 
affde thofe fears and that defpondency with 
which they had not only imprelTvd their own 
minds, but perhaps, in fomc degree, com» 
manicated to the public ; and that the pro* 
perry of pcrfons, who had a right to fee it 
take its fair unbianfvd value in the public 
opinion, (hould not be depreciated by a p. 
prelipnflons thai had no foundation in faf^. 

Mr. Dundds added, that fuch was the ftate 
mf the C(»mpany''* affairs, that notwithl^and- 
ing the drain of fpccie by a war, Bengal 
aboondtd in monty ; their paper at Madras, 
which in former war* was at 30 per cent, 
difcount, now bore a premium, and the 
largeft inve^ments were coming home 1 and 
he concluded by pcrfiding in his fonner 
aifertion, that the finances of India were 
ffkore likely to come in aid of the finances 
^ this country, than the finances of thif 
coentry be called tor aid thofe of India. 

Mr. Francis rofe to guard the Hoofe and 
coomry againft agreeing to (^neral rcfults 
ilrawn from the itatemeots of the Right 
Hon, Gentleman. As to the produf^ivenefs 
cf the new mod^tj of aflcOroent, he fiiould 
c»n)> repeat an opinion h^ I'.ad before offered 
—thai Bengal was a declining country } and 
adfJoce \T\ proof thereof the frequent adver* 
tifcmcn's in India papers fr^m the Revenue 
CffK*', for the fa'.c of lands for the purpofe 
of rrrcovcring at rears of rents due upon 
them. He read one advertifement which 
offered to f^le 1 7 villages, and another that 
ftared 42 villages were to be put up to fale 
He ridiculed ihe aficriion of only 270,0001. 
tuiving bctn expended on the war j a^ Lord 
Cornwallis chiefly fobfjfled his army upon 
rrain and bullocks, Sec, obtained in ihe 
cncmy'5 country, which were ihe prizes of 
the captors, and icniained to them as 
arrears, to be paid the value for them. 
He condcmitd t'.iC war, and the form- 
ing an alliance with the Mahrattas. He 
f ti4 letters gitfirg ascoonis of their bound- 
lefs plunderings and deva(laltons| and he 
dccbred, that from his information he 
KUcvcd a million of fouls had fuffewd 
durng ibe pref€ut war. He was aftoniflicd, 
tha: it had now continued two years, 
the Right Hon. Gentleman had given no 
b:nt when :\, tciminalion might be expe^ed 
to it j and he lamented that we flioutd be at 
this t-me in the fame Htuation as we were )t 
Il)e commencement of hoiViliiies. 

Major Scott denied the alTertion that Ben- 
gal w#< a d<(Unin)j; couiitry, an^ made a 

flrong appeal to the honour and confcienco 
of the Houfe, how they coald vote an Im- 
pcachmeht, and continue year after year 
the perfecution of a man by whofe plans 
and ability thoib gre<«t foorces of revenue 
were created, which the Secretary for India 
had every year triumphed in, and b^tfted 
o^, In that Houfe, Thus did they enjoy the 
refoorces, and cruelly abofe the means by 
which they were procured. 

General Smith approved of the war, aA4 
hoped it would never be put an end to, 
until the perfidious Tippoo was totally ex* 

Major Maitland followed Mr. Francis la 
almod every point, condemning the alli- 
ance with the Mahrattas and the war, and 
afferting from his own knowledge, tiiat the 
cxpcnces of it were Infinitely greater than 
rtated. He faid, fuch was the treachery of 
the Mahrattas, that they were ufing every 
endeavour to promote defertion among the 
European troops. 

General Snith rofe again to explain the 
probable reafon why the Mahrattas ' en* 
couraged our troops to defert* T here were^ 
he f-iidi feveral European Officers and meq 
in their camp, who naturally wi(hed to in« 
creafe their numbers. 

Mr. Jenkinfon and Mr. Anflruther like* 
wife fpoke ; and Mr. Dundas concluded the 
debate by declaring, that nothing which 
had been faid had altered his opinion of 
India affairs. With refped to the Mahrattas* 
if they were not with us, they would be 
againft us, and there could be but lktl« 
doubt which was to be preferred. 

Several refnJutions were then mored bj 
Mr. pgt.das, and carried. 

Wf.dnfsday, June 6. 

Mr. Pox called the attention of the Houfe 
to the fltuation in which the difcufldon of 
thfc Slave Trade flood at prefent. From the 
turn it had taken in the Upper Houfe, it 
was not to be expelled that a Bill implicate 
ing the main quell ion could pads this fef- 
fion. But flill there were other pans of the 
fubje£l unconneAed with the idea of the 
gradual abolition* Thcfe were the preveq- 
tion of the foreign trade in (laves, and the 
limitation of the tonnage. Certainly thefc 
objects might be obtained this feiTiuny 
though the mod important one couM not. 

Mr. Pitt declared that he wifhed as much 
as anyone to attain theobjeOs alluded to, but 
he did not fee with what decorum a BiU 
could be offered to the confideration of the 
Upper Houfe, before they had deterikiiQed 
on the necefTity of an abolitioii. 

Mr. Elle oppofed the introduaion ef lucli 
a Bill. 

Mr* Wilbcrfcrce conceived, that the ad- 
tan«cd Aace ^ (he (eflioQ would aot per« 

FOR JULY i79«, 


Bit the paflin^ of a Bill for the prevention of 
the foreign trade, bccaufe that fobjeA would 
probably occupy much difcufl^on in the 
Upper Hcufif, and it was in fome meafure 
attached to the main queilion of abolition i 
With regard to the limitation of the tonnage, 
the Time difficulty did noc exift. 

Mr. Fox coofeircd thai he did not know, 

till within a few hours, l»at the (elilon was 

likely to be fa foon at an end ; neverthelefs 

be thought a Kill for limiting the tonnage 

might ftill be piaffed . He therefore declared, 

that if between this day and to-morrow he 

ci'nceived the attainment of this objcA pcfii- 

ble, h« would move for \eAve to bring in a 

fill! for the purpofe. Adjourned. 

Thursday, June 7. 

Mr, HoVart reported the fevcral Refolntions 

«o the (landing orders refpedting Navigation 

Bills, which were agreed to, and made 

ftand.og orders of tlie Houfe, and ordered to 

. be. Tent to the Sheriffs, &c. 

The Servants Character Bill was read a 
third time, and paffed. Adjourned. 
FaiDAY, June 8. 
Sir Charles ^unbuiy faid, it had been his 
intention to offer a propofition to the Houfe 
relative to the difpodj of conviAs : that pro- 
pe&ciuo, however, he would, with pcr- 
BiflioQ of the Honfe, defer until the next 

The afnal ordtn were made relative ro 
prioting the Journals and Votes $ and the 
Hooio at five adjourned. 

Mom BAY, June 11. 
Mr, Eames and Mr. Spranger, two 
Mailers in Chancery, brought from the 
i-ords the Scots Elpifcopalian Kill, and four 
«ther BdJs which their Lordlbips had agreed 
to. Adjourned. 

Tuesday, June 11. 
Mr. Craufurd piefeuted an account of the 
Wdnance for the year 1790, and the lumt 
•ffucd on account thereof. 

After the trial of Mr. Haftiogs bn»ke up 
in Weftminftcr Hall, the Commons received 

a meilage from the Lords, ** That t1i«y 
would proceed further on the trial of War- 
ren Hallings, £fq. on the fecond fuefJay of 
the next SeiTion of Parliament,** AUfiMirn«d, 
Wkdnxsday, June 13. 

There was imh any bufi^efs done thisday, 
only eleven Members bcmg allerabled at kMir 

Thvh^ray, June 14. 

A meflage was rec-ived from cbe LQrl% 
with feveral Bil'? agreed to. 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved 
an Addrefs to his MajeQy, to inquire mtc^ 
and order compenfation for the loffes fuftain* 
ed by the Proprietors, Uc on account •( 
the late regulations made by Parhamem ia 
the Slave- carrying Trade, and th^t th« 
Houfe would make good the fame. Ordered^ 
Friday, June 15. 

Sir Watkin Lewes gave notice, that ba 
(hould early in the next SeHion of PjrJia* 
roent move an Addrefs to his Majedy, ciiaC 
his Majedy would be gracioufiy pleafed to 
givediiediions that a moijument be ere6^4 
in St, Paul's, at the public charge, to tlw 
memory of the late abld and gallant odt&ccv 
Lord Rodney, Vice Admiral of Grcac 
Britain, and lUcewife to another Uluflriuu* 
chata£ler. Lord Hcathheld, and tiiac ibm 
Houfe would make good the fame. 

Sir Francis Molyneux came with hi« 
Majerty's commands for the immed.atc at- 
tendance of tlie Commons in the Houfe of 

The Speaker, with the Chancellor of ch« 
Exchequer , and a confiu'eiable number o£ 
the Members, immedMtely wen! to iit9 
Lords, where the Speaker addrc/Tod ht$ 
Majerty (fee p. 60.), ar*d prUentcd 'dm 
Kational Uebt Bill. • 

After tlic Prorogation, the Speaker re- 
turned to the Houfe ct Comniuns, whet-e 
the Chancellor of the Kxch( qvier nK;ved ilm 
printing of tl»e Speaker s AdL'rtfs to l»t« 
Majeity— Ordered j and Uicu the Meosbcn 



Vatjcinium Fratris Radulj>mi Mon^chi, inter Scripta antiquifTima apud Coe.iobiuNi 
Bathoniswse invetnum A. D. 13^7. Cai Aonotationcs ai^jeclt VAKDBRsLABiCLSy 
Hi/loricus '\\\ccompt,mdiofui , Tomo LeotUmio Vigehmo-piunu ** Do Ii<iui JUtJ^iuJ* 

7N ^airii g:iodentes, 

* El CiTtii fa vent es, 
[Dum loditur, FrauJls itifottiiS^I 

De Scei>ii P^ci, 

De Fauabu^ Orcf, 
Vot (alvoi fervabunt Ui FontH^ 

Sed C«W, e: Spbtcnt^ 
Sunt lllccehiae vcitt 

Diaboli prtetiam capiiintiSf 
(Infernum ul Kttc) 
Has Tbrmat cavtre, ! 

Lttbaii: tK Dtns Eiefbaniit^ 

f Xbii ploiaiu Jea d' Efpritis geneiaajr sttLlboud to ;bt pen of Dr. K4&ft imcton of BmK 

Jigitized by V3 ^ 


HocVaticiniuiii,(five obUxivx Ambages oris) 
w non prorfi^s comprobatum, inteliigeailum 
•Ct, Nullus dobito, qoin m»^na ex parte, 
ad Erforcs, et in X^m, et Ludis^ apud Bathe- 
mienfts antifu^, rcfert, Qui$ enim, inter 
HtcwthrtSi velf MX Dtvim% Rtc^i^ velutZ>«- 
fraudan^s^ (nc quidem/«tfwGf«/ii*)habctur ? 

•* In^adris Gaudtntei,* ut inlelligit ValtU 
4^x, funt quidain HomiDes Epulii accumhtntts ; 
ita quidem vult inielligerc, quod ifje erad 
valde GuJofus, et unus de greg^ Ep'uureorum. 
Haud minus aberrac Oribrtchms, ut opinor, 
qui, de Ludo vulgo difto ^adrilU, h«c 
loquenda exiAimat : fed meo p<;ricuio, *< In 
^a4rh Gaudentei*' funt li, qui hauU inho- 
mfie ludere gaudent, id eft— — v^on the Sfuart, 
£erinulta etiam, 'non vero praeclara, habet. 
IlU Commentator de Ludo fVhifi, Quid au- 
ttm molta, Oribrecbie f Cum nomim ex ipfo, 
omnino tacemdum tjl } nifi quod, inter Rixat 
snihsy aliquando certatnr. 

Sicut inter Romanoi florebant Ludi Cir* 
ttnfest ita apud I^optvi z&\ erant Ludi in 
Circii ; fcilicf t, Trigintn et Uaus } Papa y»- 
anna I Domini mr^ Fotamen^ cum muitis 
aliis. Qiii vero Ludi, tamct/1 " Fraudis In^ 
Jentei^'' ut prorfus exokti habentur : uaos 
tantiim ka^enus manet, cui Nomen Commer'^ 
cium, vel.Anglice Round Gmpu, tribuitur. 
Hie quidem vetudHimus, et Tefte Valtidioy 
vete Circenlis, elt, quippe, quuro luditur, 
Sexutem comroercium cinuire v*dctur. 

" Dt ScabiePorci" in Codice peiquanlan- 
tiquo, ita Icgitur; ^< Hoc in.Saeculo fiorcbat 
Btadudy vir lUe lUufirit, non v?gus, et inops 
SkbuUuSy ut vu'.go traditur, fed Dives, po- 
tcnfque Eleganti^c j4rbiter, et Unus tsntum 
qui pro AJago habcbatur : Choreas vero tncer 
Porf/)f/ii,ui nunc dierumi./tf»M g*'cg' m pi ^dam 
fatiendOf Hie ^^rb'tttr Dtliciarumt tx p^diLui 
SuUlii, nimio plus fagitiatusy evafit/* 

la diverfum porro interprttatur yaltidius t 
Jiie enim Commentator fagaci cum JNafo 
fcntire videtur Porco^ Scabitfos allegorice 
fuiffe j^Jeatores pemo^antes, quafi morbo con* 
lagiofoy lahorantes; five (ut Teutonice di<f^os) 
Cai^bltrot ptrduiffimQs, quos olim iotrans 
ViabcJuSf in j^^uas Solis pi aecipitavit, ibique, 
mif«rabile diAUy V^lutabium poninumt haud 
■ parum c<effo/ii«, ufque ad liunc diem, con- 
Aituit. O ccr, quaiciqt.e felices! qui kofa 
inter Torcos /cMbiefoi'-^caM favt their o^n 

Quimadmodum yJUerym^ (ut obiter notart 
liceat) ad j^juas SoUs, dim crat Dea Tu%€» 
/oris i nullus dubito. quin, eoncutha ex/Mine, 
genitum erat Proveibium fus Mimrvam-y ec 
quod fatis ti\ argument!^ inter Iduftum B4i» 
tbonienfty ^-'iniam exflat, ut feruQt, Imago 
Rariffima hlincpv^t Svbantu, Apud jlntt- 
fuarios ZUttwJagacfS :dhuc io Ambtguo tft, 
uve Minetva Suk^ns^ ii,e Viitui Vts%m^ de* 

figpetur. De hac re, igitur, [ut opinor^ 
profc^^lj gravi ct ardydi] O Dcftgnatorit 
Tor^uati, AJonilia vffira prafufgentia decer* 

" DeFaucibuiOrci ,"* z^riuxOribrechluSy Foh- 
its Bmbonicos nequaquam noi fahos firvare j 
ut|K>te igne etfitJpbure, Orcum ipfumy Hi Fontef 
zmulantur. 0* Oribrecbie! Fons Tibi elt 
infoBCundus Ingenii, et adverjd ^^ui inepte 
navigas ! 

• ' Sec! CubitX Sphcere^^^Wxi verbis, tejf.rat 
detertabtleii,et Pilx£W»<«, plane, et omnino 
dcfignantur i *'Tcrribiles Formae^ffo^Mrmtero- 
poro vifae/* et •' IlUcebrat veree Diab*!i,'* de 
quo, (in Ks^a ut rariflimc movente) Idem ac 
dw Caufidic ilinerante, praedxetur, ** Circuit 
q user ens quern Ucvoret/* Hanc ob caufaro, 
j^leatorft improvidi, oleum, operam, una 
atque Ztnam perdentesy exclamant ; '^ Me- 
hcrcule bifce Cubis ineft D»abolu5.** Ita de 
Cubii Jaljis omnino fufpicandum eft; nihilo 
enim veri, unquam adhaeret Diaboius — O 
Cives ! Gives ! Quif , apud vos, adeo Matbeft 
feritus, ut banc Ritdicem Cubicam extrahere, 

** Infemum ut Rete.** — Sicut Adverfarii, in 
SpbccroweacbiSy manum et ocuIok collimantet 
Rcticulii Lufofiis, impingunt fpbterm Eburm 
neasy ita Satanas [qui IleO'aice Adverfaiius 
univerfus] ad Retia fua fallen! ia fpbctram 
Mundi impeilit. IJle enim VuUanus^ quo 
omnes, tarn Murtei quam Veneres^ faciliut 
capiat, pen Ferreos, ut olim, dolos vero ««• 
reoij molitor. 

Pi seterea autem, minime mirum e(l, qu6d 
lile vfttandi peritus fit, qui Orbi Terrarum^ 
ut dicam, eft Ludimagyferf videlicet, 7ht 
Gumeketper j Qtiippe quod, Ludos 2f ud /«- 
fernos, H'lc yfgonoibtfa perpetuus, agnufciiur, 
cui, tforribile diflu ! aniwas ipfai^ h^ud raro 
Dtfcipuli dtbcnt. Qui vci>^ Juvcncs, jara 
pi orf us Ji^-rr </:"/«,— "cum trifles mifoiivt' 
ncre Calendar" — bonorii cquidem caufa, fua 
debita, quod gravia, nummis plumbeit^ per- 

*« llai Formti csvete/'— Rcd^c admonet 
Vates, ct cpiime fur.det ; Ifta enim Irrita- 
menta MaU rum, ti Cu&i tt Spb<craey quod 
norquam m » Ehurnea funt, ad finem verif- 
fimii canit Fi^tidicu^ — " Lcthahs fit Dens 
^fephitntii.** Apud Pociam prscierea ita 
Memoriae prodiium eii — " Sunt geminae 
SotMni Porta.— 

** Altera cande^ti, prrfe^a nittns EUphantOy^'* 
** Sed faljti iid Coelum roiitunt JnJomm'iA. 
•' Ma£ies.'* 

Talia font litfotnnia faijoy Ludeotis perditiy 
** quern piseceps Alca nudat ;'' ^utea for- 
fan qu« fimulcnt, fed vana f^c^pifHrne vekafit* 
)nter Philofophos ideo iuturi ambiguum eft^ 
An Por/« Ebur/rut, his ljddi,s Colffitibin, aU 
Cakm^ vel aliier, viam apcriac* lia fuara 

FOR JULY 179a. 

— _, ji jcco m g i oda t VitriMgSmtp ioter 

•mdiKoiy qui Critioa ErudUiffimofiy et quod 
ab ftti bude ooo abefty-^luiid mall j^«r««i 


Minntor qoidain Critkt, niroium vero In- 
4odi« qoare Taoro^ inter Signa Cotleftia^ 
EitfUs locam cedii t Egomet Fomderfiakiatt^ 
l|iio miUos prompcior, refpdndere diguibar— 
BMipe quod, an FrMuU$ Eburmas caUKlif- 
fianii eftj idaoqoe Ccelo hand dignuf, Pnt- 
tevea Cciatis* Vos Percan^btoret InCoUi^ ut 
ODoes Cermgeri Ctelum Sibi arrogant. 

Inter Ludot vero Mi*p^9*i non Tour 9 
canceditar ViAona, nt apod MartUUm le* 
■ giauB: 

^ Qgi modd per todm^ flammif flimnkiCnSy 
" SnRttlerac rapUt Taoras in aftra Pitas, 
^Ocoobuit tandtm cornoto ardore pe. 


^ Dam facUtta Colli fie Elepbanu pntar. 

Qgnd ad ExemploRiy caveat ! cavaat ! Ifte 
Cekbcniniut JobmmHS Taurus I ne LttboHs 
fat JUnt E/t^bamtisi nullis enim nquis, ne 
^laiAcm BMtbomicis, toMendi eAE/e^hmfiiiaJis j 
qui marbog Gr^Konm, LmtU aiftiM$Mim^ tan« 
tnmnodo praecavendug eft.— Propcerea quod 
Alutorts noAom affidu^ Lado ducentes, quafi 
hoc morbo correpti, GrMci denoroinantur, 
VI ait ValiiJtus ; Alii vero putiut qr.od inter 
Tabemaa Utp fllme grgecantur i ftd Olini'iuff 

[with a view, taken ■ 

npHlS Rock it abott 1700 feet perpen- 
dicuUr from the levd of the country, 
*nd nearlf one mile on the fur face 00 the 
top f4 it, wi.h gardens, trees, and covered 
W'ith deep foil. It bat a large tank of 
pMd water, befides a fine fpring. On this 
pUce is a famous Pagoda, held in much 


in Literls recondkis panlnliuii verfatos, ,han« 
CAufam afligoat ; nenipe, quod Mdisres ut 
ftuiti^^mt ludentes— 

— *« Exetnplaria Gr^eea 

** N^Ournd verfanti^ Afoxv, verfantet 
Id eft, ut idem canlt Poeta— <' Omiiicua 

•* Verfatur Unut feiios, ocyus, 

•* S§rs exitnra.— > 

Urnamfiu intelligit Olingins ut«— 7*i6« Dit$ 
^otc /— Procul ef^e vos vaniJoqnentes Autho- 
res ! ne longiui Caofa mmnh in dnbio fit, mao 
periculo, Graed nominantur hi ale^ ludenles, 
quod fuadebita ad Gr^rraiCtfJMtfx plerumqui 
fbUrunt. In Stlentio auten non prKtereondum 
eO, ut memoratu dignuro,videliGetCrr4r«f,cuin 
Trojam obfidentes, Honerice btHi Oertaii di« 
concur, Bxtthoniam vero dngentes^ quam 
ippofi^i Cr«r« nigra appellantur. £hen t 
£heu ! quam dolet Hare Civitas pulcherrima^ 
ut Virgo deflorata, jam Gr^ecis gravida f 
Adefte igitur Vos Medici periti, hanc Efuflm 
Trtjanam Ut aUrtivam reddatk- ■Defont 

Haec Defiderata jam primum m Loc^m 
cdidit JtboMius Subfufinif Antiquarios Ille 
venerabilisi f^timftatis avidns, ne«;t/a#i averfus| 
Coiium ipfum fahidieas, qvod Nova dicitur 
Hiert/ofyma, et nnllum non Locum refpuens, 
«* qua nequeTiAM neque Mritg^ cormmpit/* 

Ladimys innocuis verbis, n«e laedere quen* 

Mans noftra— i 



veneration in the whole coontry, and faid 
to be very rich. Tippoo gave the name of 
the Fort Gordon Sheckow. The preftnC 
View is a N. £. one. All the other fide of 
the mountain is a naked rock, extremely 
fleep, and with no accefs to it. This fbit 
was taken by ftorro, xStb-Oaober ty^s. 

[from miss Williams's *^ LtTTias fiom pramcb, Vol. II. **] 
ATt friend*s honfe Roufleau praifed the fupper Rooflfsau produced, for 

* * .ninA . KIs tmi^m^A /Ant K!.m a a lhr^*l»< . 

wine { his friend fent him 50 bottles. 
Rnafleao felt himfelf offended t but as the 
pefent was offered by an old friend, he 
<^ennined to accept ten boulcs and returned 
.'<«y. A fbort timp after he invited his 
h^d and his family to fupper. When they 
irnved they found RoufTeao very bufy turn- 
ioj tbe fpit, *• How extraordinary is it,*' 
•^claimed bis friend, ** to fee the firft genius 
^ Europe employed in turning a (pit V 
* Why,** adTwered RoufTeau with great 
*roplicity and Jamg.frotd^ ♦• if I were not 
^ torn tbe fpit, yon would certainly lofe 
)"wfnpper ; my wife is gone to boy a 
4ilM. and the fnk mnft be tamed.*' At 

the firft 
time, the wine which his friend had fent 
him { but no fooner had he lafled it, than \\9 
fuddenty put the glafg frpm his lips, ex-^ 
claiming with the moft violent emotion, that' 
it was not the fame wine he had drank 
at his friend's houfe, who, he perceived, had 
a defign to poifon him. In vain his friend 
proteAed his innocence 1 Rooffeau^s imagi* 
nation once paflcfled by this idea, 

Difplac'd the mrth, broke the good meeting 
With moft admir'd diforder., MacaETH. 

His friend was tmmediatelf obliged to 
retire, and they never met ag^^ _ 

( s«* ) 



' . mnnhall, July i. 

THE letters and enclofures, of which the 
following are copies, were receive^ this 
f)ay from the Kai| Indies bj his Majtfly's 
ihip the VdUl t 

7* tbt HoM^urabU Court of Dift&on for ^- 
/.mVj (,f tbt Honour a 6U United Cotmfany 
of Mirchants of EngUmd tradini to the 
• Eafi Indies, 


WE have received a letter from Lord 
Cornwallis, informing os that the Commo- 
dore h.d fcnt the VcCtal fr«gate to Madras, 
to wail for any difpaiches that his LorOfliip 
might have occafion to fend lo Engbod. and 
requefting that the (hip might fail from 
hence in three or four di<ys after oor receipt 
of his I^rd(hip*$ letter. 
^ " Wc have only lime, therefore, by this op- 
portuni'ty, to give your Honourable Court a 
fcricf account of the progrefs of your arms 
in the Myforc country fince our hd addrefs ; 
but by thf. Norihumbtrlaod, Which we hourly 
expert from Bengal, we (hall have the honour 
of replying to your commands in this depait- 
nscni, received ptr Canada. 

Lord Cornwailis having remained in tlie 
©•■ghboufhood of OutradroQg until the a 6th 
ultimo, wailing the arrival of Sccopdtr Jah, 
^le ]^i*Hm*s fcwMid fon, marched on that 
day with the confederate army towards Senn- 
gjpatam. ^ / 

' His Lordlhip reduced fevcral fttiall forts 
in his way^ which were of impoilance ia ex- 
tending the clviin of ccmmunicaiitm. On 
the march he received a letter from Tippoo 
iuhan, pcfuivtly atnying that the garrifon 
of Coimbaloor had furrendered on canitu- 
btion. On tl»i^ occafum his Lordfhipobfei'vV 
fd. th5»t ha«! he Uxkcd ui»oii it to be conUltcnt 
with his duty to the puWic lo allow himltlf 
to aft merely from corifideratinns of the ge- 
«er«l perfidy of I ippoo'» chaiaCtcr, and ilie 
infuhing effrtH»ttry,wiih which a fa^ fore, 
cent and notorious as ihe capiiulaiion of Co- 
jmbaroor had been denied, he fb »wld, per- 
haps, have bten induced to difcUm and pro- 
hibit all fuiUitr c«»rre(pondence J but feel- 
ing, as h'S L«»rdfliip did, how important it 
WHS to the initreft'» of Great Bni^in to oh* 
tii.m fafc an<l lionuurablc pe^ice with as Utile 
J»ir*«f time Si pollib!^, He judged il much 
more' exi'cJ lent l«> le;.ve the door open to 
Ji^po<>fo*- ne^ociaiioo, by putiioj it m his 

power to fay that he hyl been mifinfbrfvie4 
refpe<^tng rlic tranf^ion at Coimbatoor.-— 
A copy of his Lordfhip's letter, with eopiet 
of his and Hurry Font's correfppnc'pnce with 
Tippoo, are tranfm^'ed in the packet. 

We alfo enclofe, for your informatioa« 
copy of a letter which Lord Comwallis re- 
ceived on the 13d uUimo from Capram Little; 
by which you will perceive that Purfuralo 
fihow was entire{y indebted to the Bombay 
Detachment for the vi^ory. «»btained over Ally 
Eu^za, ne;ir the Fort of Simogu, on the 29^1 
of December. 

On the 5th of this month (February) 
the army encamped :>bout feven miles 10 tbe 
nonhward of Seringapatam. Tippoo's army 
had taken a p<iriiion on the North barUc of 
the river, with its front and ft inks* covered 
by a bound hedgr and a number o\ ravines, 
fwarops, and water-eouKes, and likewifo 
fortified by a chVin of Itrong redoubts fuU of 
cannon, as well as by the artillery of f be foiT| 
and of the w> rks on the ifland. 

As it would have been attended with great 
lofs, and perhaps have rendered the fuccefs 
uncertain, if this camp, fo ftrongly fituated, 
had been attacked in the day, Lord Corn« 
wal!is refolved to miike the attempt in tho 
D'ght ; and for this purpofe lie marched on th« 
6th, as fooo after fuo-fet as the troops 6>u!4 
be formed, in three divifions j the right com- 
manded by General Medows, th^ centra 
under his Lord(hip in perfon, and the lef^ 
under Lieutenant- Colonel Maxwell. 

The refult was glorious in the higheft de* 
grce, and put his Lordfhip in poffcffion of 
the whole of the enemy's redoubts, of all 
the grooud pn the North fiJe of the rivert 
and of great p^irt of the ifland. Seventy, 
fix guns of different calibers fell likewife into 
his h.nnds ot) this cKcafion. 

For tlie particulars of this fplendid and 
decifive vi^ory \ye beg leave lo refer tq a 
copy of his Lordn»ip*s letter in the packer, 
and 10 offer our warmei^ congratulatnms on 
an event fo honourable to the Bntifh armSf 
and fo im|>ortant to the ohje^ of promoting 
a fafe and fpeedy lerminaiitm of the war. 

We enclofe, for your fiiformation, a)py 
of a complete Return of the Killed, W« unu. 
ed, ^nd MifTiojj, of the King's and'a 
troops during the aclion, together with an 
Abl\ra6t of ilte Oidnance and Oidiiance 
Stores taken from the enemy. 

Two davs afur the adion Tippoo fent to 
our camp ^^i^utpiUDls Chalmers and Nd(li| 

digitized by Google ^^ 



With thrct other Europeans, taken at Coim- 
batoor, and with ihem he traofmitted a letter 
for Lord Comwaliisj a copy of which, 
with his Lord(hip*s anf wer, we have the ho- 
fioarto inclofe for your information. 

His Lordihip obferved, in his letter to us 
which accompanied thefe papers, thac co 
iHow Tippoo to retain even a coniiderable 
portion of bib pcefent power and poffeflions 
at the conciufion of the war, would only, 
inflead of rdal peace, give us another armed 
tmce, and he (hoald immediately rejedl any 
propofi'.iim of this nature; but that if fuch 
concrflians were offered as would put it out 
of the enemy's power to diUurb the pe^ce 
of lodia in future, hV Lord(hip would fufier 
00 profpeds, however biilliant, to poltpone 
for an hour that rooft defirable event, a ge« 
rieral Peace. 

We have the pleafore to inform your 
Honoorable Court, that 10,000 Benj^rrits 
arrived in camp on the i ith inih a circum- 
ftance which (hews the cummunication to be 
tntirtly open, and affords to the army a 
ftMterng prufpedl of fupplies during their 
iby io the neighbtiorhobd of Seringapatam. 

We have the honour to inform you that, 
pur^iant to Lord Cornwallis's indru^lions. 
Major Cuppage has been fuccefsfuUy em- 
p*oy«d in etpdling the enemy from- the 
Southern Countries. The forts of Damah- 
mt^ Errode, anJ Sattimongulum, have 
betn reduced without any luis } and by the Jaft 
>cc:iunt$ from the Major we learn, that he 
lud taken poft near the latic^- place, waiting 
fiinhcr orders from his JLordlhip. 

We have juft received a letter from Lord 
Cornwallis (a copy of which is fent in the 
Packet), (bating his reafons for diredhig 
CtncraJ Ahercrombie to advance with the 
Bombay Army to Seriogapaum without his 
^y anillery. 

Wc bjve tlie honour to be, 
with the greateft refpe^ 

Honourable Sirs, 
your fokhful humble Servant^ 

Cha. OakeUy. 
}Vm. PctrU. 
J, HudUjioM. 
«it St. George, Feb. 21, 1791. 

Oeor^t Parry^ A&. D«;p. SeC. 

POSl SCRIP r,- February iz. 

■ BY a letter iuft received from Lord Corn- 

^Uis to Sir Ctiarles Oakelry, dated the 15th 

■ftant, w6 have the pleafiire to learn that 

Ctocnl Akei crombie had arrived on that day. 

Cba. OakeUy. 

y, Hudlefton, 

[Here follows the letter from Loru Com- 

^**Uih.incln6ng Tippoo*? |>ropofals for a ne- 

itohiK aod Hurry ^Hnc> with tbeir 

anfwers. The Sultan fays, it his been falfe- 
ly repoited to hts Loidfhip, that there were 
any eneagements for the rtleafe of prifoners 
previous to the takmg of Coirobaioor — His 
Lordihip, in feply, eXpr.'iTes his furprife at 
this alTertion, menuons the articles ^f the 
treaty between Lieutenant Chalmers and 
Kommer ul Dien, and demands that Lieu« 
tenants Chalmers and Nalb be immediately 
fent him, that he may hear the (titte of tho 
cafe from them,— Next comes the letter from 
Captain Little, giving an account of the vic- 
tory at Simogu. After ftating that the enemy 
were mcft advaniageoully putted, and that it 
was impoffible to guefs at their numbers, at 
moft of them couhi not be feen, ht fays,J 

<* Obfcrving in front of the enemy a deep 
ravine, full of high bamboos, planted extr.eme- 
ly thick, thnt they were flunked on the right 
by the river Toom, and on the left by a very 
thick jungle, I ordered two companies to' 
endeavour to make an imprefllon to the right, 
and two more companies, all of the 8th bat* 
talion, on the fame fervice to the left. Th« 
latter met with a gully near the river, which 
greatly obllrufted and delayed them $ on 
which I fent on that fervice Lieutenant Doo- 
lan, with a grenadier company and two bat* 
talion coitipanies of the 8th 1 Lieutenant Be« 
Criene, with the other grenadier company* 
^as fent to the fupport of the attack on the 
right : E)lh of thefe officers ivcre very foon 
wounded, and obliged to retire. Lieutenant 
Moore was then fenr, with the gienadier 
company of the 9th, to the left. He alfo 
was wounded, after having advanced a ^on- 
fi^erable way mto ihe plain. Six companiei 
of the iith were Ulcewife employed. Tho 
extreme thicknefs of the jungly, while it 
afforded the enemy the advantage of ai deli- 
berate aim at our European ofllicers, broke 
ourtroops, and, when they penetrated t^.rough 
it, in fmall numbers, to the plain, they were 
two or three times driven b.ick, the ervemy 
being there in great force, and perfeQly frcflj, 
while a few of the Mahratta infantry, pulh- 
ing forward irregularly whenever the ejif my 
appeared to be broke, fdl back on our Se- 
poys as foon as they began to rally, and con- 
tributed greatly to put them in confufion.— 
A corps of JOG, compofed chieflly of Chrif- 
ti.ins (natives), were drawn up in our re;«r ; 
and, on my jwinting out* where they might 
be of fervice, they cxpreffcd their rcauincfs 
to go wherever 1 mighi wilh, but that tlicy 
had not a ftngle cartridge, in which Aaie tWey 
had come into the field. It was not till after a 
conteftof two hours, that an cffe^ual imprcf- 
fion wasmaiie on the enemy. Three of theif 
guns foon fell into our hands. They wer^ 
encamped, part on tlie plain within (he ravine, 
anct pair iu another p]ain,almie way beyond x, 
» I a Wwy 



Many of the tents ware (landtngy and a food 
deal of ammunition and bagg^tge left on the 
ground. From the nature o| the ground, 
the route they bad talcen was not ezaAlf 
known, and it required (bme time Co •oUeA 
the troops to purfue them. As foon as the 
roote was afcertained, I pnrfued them with 
the troops which Captain Riddellhad colleded. 
They acteropted to carry off with them their 
guns and tumbrils, firing occafionaHy, and 
Watmg their drums, in hopes of making 
their people Hand, particularly at^ the gate- 
way ii a fmall village, about three miles 
within the jnogte, but \irithoot eife^. The 
road was flirewed with arms, cattle, and bag* 
^ pge, and fome killed and wounded. Fatigue^ 
and |he allurements of plunder, diminiihed 
our numben every minute i but the purfuit 
was continued till fun-fet, previoos to which 
we came up with and palled feven gunsy 
which the enemy had been obliged to aban- 
don« I hoped to havrcome to a plain, where 
we might all have (laid tlie night, and covered 
the guns, 3ec. but finding none, and learning 
from the prifoners that the enemy had relin- 
qoiflied all their guns, I rode back myCelf 
to give foch orders as might appear necelfary 
in other quarters, defiring Captain Riddell to 
IdUow me flowly, and coUt^t all the troops 
be could. When I firft palled tlie guns, the 
bullocks were yoked to them t and I had hoped 
that the Mahraitas might have can ied them 
towards the entrance of the jungle ) but before 
my return the plunderers had cut away the 
bollocks. I then feut orders to Captain Rid- 
dell to day with the guos all night, informing 
him that I would reinforce Iiim4 I met 
Captain Thompfon of the artillery near the 
cnemy*s encampment, and defired him to 
proceed to reinforce Captain Riddell with 
all the men of the 9th and i ith battalions that 
be could coiled, which he executed with that 
alacrity wtiich he (hews on all occafinns 
when the public fervice requires it. The 
Sch battalion remabed on the enemy's ground 
all night, and the 9th and i j th with Captain 
Riddell, three miles within the jungle, with 
diredions to (Uy till the guns were carried 
off, which was done in the cburfe of the 
next forenoon. From the impediments on 
tlM road, they did not reach the ^teway, 
where the guns had hee«i left, till ten o'clock 
at night. The Mahntt:! cavalry had fcnrce 
an opportunity of .t^tmg in the couife of the 
d^y. The next morning they proceeded 
through the jungle, five cofe from its entrance, 
to a village cjlled Mun(lu(;goody« in which 
they found a great quantity of baggage —- 
Tlte ground was fo favourable for the enemy* 
Chat n«t many of them were killed by (»ur 
fire. Several, however, loft their lives in 
fKcfip ing to crois the riveri and not more 

than 300 horfe are laid to have palled iboTtU 
lage. The infantry having been com|iletely 
rooted and difperfed, a commandant and 
budhy were uken, who fay that they ha4 
left their entrenched encampment near Si- 
mogu aboot four days, not deeming it a to* 
nablie poft, nor having fofficieot fupplies | 
and that they had. determined to dcCeiid 
themfelves in their new fitiutioo. That th* 
force was fevtn cufhoons, (^onfifting of at 
lead 7000 infantry and 800 cax'alry, onder 
the command of the Nabob Rozza Saheb, or 
Ally.Rozza, a relation of Tippoo's, though^ 
inde^, thejieoeral report is, that indudkif 
the Artillery, they were lo.coo ftrong.** 

Gee^ enar ^iega;^«tMr, F«^ 8, 179s. 

ON the 5th inilant, I encamped about 
iiBven miles to the Northwatd of Seringapa* 
um, from whence- I (aw that Tippoo had^ - 
according to my information, taken a pofi* 
tion on the North Bank of the River, witb 
its frontand flanks covered by a bound hedg^ 
and a number of ravines, fwainpsy and water* 
courfes, and likewifc fortified by a chain of 
flrong redoubts full of cannon, as well as 
by the artillery of the fort, and of the work* 
on the ifiand. 

It .would have coft us a great nuuiy mm 
to have attacked the camp in the day, and, 
perhaps, the fuccefs might not have been 
quite ceruin; I determined, therefore, to 
make the attempt in the night, and for chie 
purpofe I marched 00 the 6th, as foon after 
fun-fet at the troops could be formed in 
three divifiona. The right divifton, com* 
manded by General Medows, and the center 
divifion, under my inunediatedireaion, ware 
defUned for the attack of the enemy*s camp ; 
and the divifion on the left, confifting o€ 
four battalions, under Lieutenant Colonel 
Maxwell, was ordered to attack the works 
that the enemy were conAra^'ng on tbt 
heights above the Karrigat Pagoda. 

The officers commanding the leadiDf 
corps in the right and center divifionS wert 
dire^ed, after driving the enemy from their 
camp, to endeavour to purfue them through 
the river, and eftablifh themfelves on tb« 
ifland ; and it was recommended to Lieutenant 
Colonel Maxwell to attempt to paft the river, 
if, after liaving pofreffed himfelf of rha 
heights, he fiw that our attack 00 the caotp 
was fuccefsful. 

The left and center divifibna were fo for* 
tonate as to acco-.nplifli completely the ob« 
jedt propofed. Lieu tenant Colonel MaxweM 
gained the heights, and afterwards pafloA 
the river, and the firft fivecorp) of the cen* 
ter divifion crolTcd over to the ifland, leaving 
me in pollci&oii of the Qunp« which was 
-^—-^ ^.^ ftandiUg 



Mm6a^ wA of all tte artUkry of the eneiny*s 
right winj. 

The divifioA of 4he right, by hme of thofe 
accUkott to which all operations In the nig^hc 
■wft be liafble, approached much too near 
to a very ftroog detached «vorii, whrch it 
was not my iotention to afl*ault chat nighr, 
and which rmiA have f4len into our hands 
witboat giving ut any troubte, if we fuc* 
ceeded in fbreing the enemy*s camp. 

The advanced goard engaged in the at- 
tack of this work before they coutd be pre- 
vented by the officers in the front of the 
cohima^ aiKl the Utter, who had been ofed 
CO carry forts with much facility, did not 
think it nece^l^ry, or, perhaps, creditable, to 
cbfige them to defift ; but the garriibn of thi« 
f«d<wbt«onduAed themfeNes very diffisrenrly 
§nm thoie which we had lately met with» 
and tfadr refitbince was fo obftinate, that tc 
mm aot carried without cofting us feveral . 
Mves, iad a very considerable delay. 

By this time the firing at the center attack 
had entirely ceafed, and General Medows, 
4onchiding from that circumAance that I 
was in complete poiitltion of the whole of 
the ettemy*e camp, and apprehending that a 
pait of his £orps might be wanted to fup- 
port the troops on the ifland, wiAied to com- 
aaanicaec with ane as ^eedily as pofTtble. 

Some gaidesy who undercook to lead his 
diviiioA to joiA nolne by a dired road, con- 
deded him to the Karrigat Pagoda without 
his meetlfig with me, and day-lighc was thca 
loo near co admit of bis undertaking any 
farther operatiens. 

Tbke tmtoward drcumibmces did not de» 
prive vs of any of the folid advantages of our 
vi^ory, ibr we af« in po^<Krion of the whole 
of the enemy's redoubts, of all the ground 
00 the north fide of the river, and of great 
part of the ifland ; ^t as the force with 
svhicii I remained in the enemy's camp did 
not much exceed three battalions, and as 1 
found, from parties that I fent out, that the 
fcft wing of Tippoo's army kept ^cir ground 
all night, I could not bring odf any trophies 
Ifom the field, except thofe which were very 
nor to the fpoc where our impreffion was 

I (haU take up my ground to morrow as 
liear to the chain of redoubts as poiTible 
withoec being expoTcd to the fire of the 
loft; and as our pof^s upon the ifland are 
0««r nearly ftcured againil • any attempt of 
the enemy, I fliaH foon be ready to proceed 
with vigour npoo Che operations of the fiege. 

ic has beca hitherto impoffiNe to coiled 
tlie reioros of killed and ' wounded ; but I 
hive ewery reaibn lo hope that otir lofs in 
Jbropeans will be under two hundred.*- 
M^ QiodBwiii fcod to Mr. Jackson a ^ 

of the ofiicen that were killed, in order He/ 
prevent the anxious alarms of the friends ^ 
the furvivors. • 

I am, fee. 

Six Chaklvs OAKVLav, 8art« 
&c. eff. &e. 
Gener<il abftrad of the killed and wound* 
ed of the King\ and Company's troops, ia 
the attack* near Soringapatam, Febriury 6f 

Killed. Woundtd. Miffing. TotC 
Europeans 6f a 13 ai 30^ 

Natives 40 16S a 3 23 f 

Total icg 321 44 53} 

Lieutenant Colonel MMcolm* Adjutant Ge» 

neral of (he army wounded, not Indudcitf 

In the above^ 

($:gned) B. Chfe, Dep. Adj.Geou 

[Other letters from Lord Comwjllis after 
this follow, announcing the circumftance of 
the arrival of Lieutenant Chalmers, and a coa* 
fidential fervant of Tippoo*s, with letter^ 
in the camp ; and the reafons which induced 
' liis Lordftiip ro otder General Abercrombie 
to join him. His Lordfliip, in his anfwer m 
Tippoo, (ays, that though the prefeat critical 
fituatton of aftairs inclines him and his allMi 
not to infiA upon a complete execotioa el 
the capitulation of Coimbatoor, yet he nvsft 
charge him with having taken Lieutenant 
Chalmers own copy of the treaty by force 
from him, and witli Aili keeping many of ths 
ganifoo in dofe confinement^ and in iron«» 
The reafons which prevailed on his LordAMp 
to order General Abercrombie fo joinwidb 
the utmoft expedition, and leave his hev/f 
guns hehiod, were the relblutioa of Purfia^ 
ram Bhow to proceed agaioil Bednore, ia* 
(lead of affixing, according to the plan agreed 
upon, in the operations againft the capiul | 
and his [^ordfhip*s conviction, that the Ni» 
zam*s Minifter, however xcalous he aaigfat 
be in the caufe, had not his troops proparif 
equipped^ or in any degree fit for that pait 
of the operations which was aflligned PorAi' 
ram Bhow (who alone of all the alltef had 
his troops fufiiciently equipped )| a total watf 
of arrangement prevailed in every departs 
ment of the Nitam's army— the Miniter 
could neither put a 'bi>dy of his troops into 
an a^ive ftatr, nor provide the means for 
their fubfif^ence for a few days, iodepeodcol 
of tiis Lordifaip 

His ix>rd(hTp concludes his letters by fayiof 
he is informed, that Purfuram Bhow has beeia 
pofitively ordered by the Poonah GovernmeaC 
Inftaotly to j6in him ; but he fays that after 
his late condu^, he canotH venture to placa 
any great depcadcQCO upon J^m for 2U 

Digitized by VjOO*v . ^ 



fybiiibmll, July 4., 
THE Letters of which the /otlowing ar« 
Copiei, wt-re this day received over land hom 
the Eaft IniJics, via Baff Tah. 

Co^» of a Letttr frcm Lfrd Coriru alUs /» air 

Cuai Ui Ouketty^ Bart, ^t. ^c, ^c. at 


BEING very much hurried, I have onlf 
tm^e to tell you that Preliminaries were feCw 
tied it(e laft night ; that a ccfT tton of hof- 
tiUtics hib uken pl^e this day, and that two 
of Tippoe's Ions are expected in our camp 
this cveoing. 

I rranfmit a tranilation of the Prelinninarf 
^rt dtif and rcqueft th^ you will be pleafed 
lo foiward copiLS of thein both to Bengal 
tnd Bombay, 

if, by Any ascidenf, the Vefiilftinuld noC 
ftave failed before this letter reaches Madras, 
you wdl be f«» kind as to defire Captain Of- 
borne Co remain until he hears further from 


I aniy with much eflerm Ue, 

Camp, near Seringapatam, ^ 
F^. 24, 1 791. 

§ofifeftht Preliminary jlrtkUi • agretdupoH 
mmii exchanged, dated Feb, iiy 1791. 


I. Onchalf of the dominions which were 
in the porfrtfion of Tip|KX> Soltaun at the 
Comroencemenc of the prefent war, fhall 
ie ceded to the A lief, adjacent to their re* 
Ipe^ive boundaries, and agreeably to their 

II. Three crores and thirty lacks of ficca 

rupees (hall be paid to the Allies, agreeablf 

to the following particulars, viz. 

Firft, one crore and fixty.fiv hells (half 
be pwid iromed;ately in pagodas, or guld 
mohuis, or rupees of full waght and 
flandard, or in gold or (ilver hullioo. 
Second* the remainder, one crore and 
fixty-five lacks at three int^almcnts, noC 
exceed ng four months each, jn^th»« 
three coins beiorcmentioned. 

III. All fubjeds ot the four feveral Powerf 
who may have beef prtfaners from the tim« 
of the late Hyder Ally Khan to the prefeoc 
period) (hall be fairly and unequivocally re* 

IV. Until the due performance of the 
three Articles above«naentioned, two of th« 
three eldeft fons of Tippoo Sultaoo (hall b« 
given as homages, on the arrival of whom a 
ceflation of hoftilities (hall take place. 

V. When an agreement, conuining the 
Articles above written, (hall arrive, bearii>i; 
the feal and fignature of Tippoo Sultaon, 
counter agreentents (hall be fent from tbo' 
three Powers j and, after the cellatioa of 
ho(tilities, fuch a Definitive Treaty of per* 
petual friendfhip at (hall be fettled by \b« 
feveral parties, (hall be acljulted and entered 

[The above is followed by copies of twcy 
letters fi om Sir Charles Warre Majet, Re. 
fidenc at Poona j the one to the Chairman ot 
the Secret Committee of the Court of Direc. . 
tors—- the o.her to Lord Cornwallis ; ac* 
quainting him of his having had the honour 
of an audience of the Pelhwa,' to communi* 
cate more fully the Articles of the Peace, and 
afTuring him of the Pe(hwa and his ^inif* 
ter** sntire approval of the Preliminary Ar* 

* The following are the General Orders iflued by Earl Cornwallis on this occafion : 

Camp, Seriwgapatam, z^b Feb. IJ^l*- 
** Earl Cornwall's has great pleaforc in announcing lo the Aimy, that PreUminaries of 
Feace luve been fettled bciweeii tlie Confederate Powcis and Tipp(H> Sultan, containing 
eondiiions highly honourable and advantageous to the Company and the Britilh lution. 
And in cnnfuleration of the uncommon valour and f^mnefs that has been manifeftljr 
fllewn by the oftcers and foUlicrs of the King's and Company's troops during tl>e whole 
coutfe of the w«r, it is his Lordfhip's intention to order a handfome gratuity to be ditiri- 
buted ro them, in the fnme proportion as prize -money,, from the fum lh.4t Tippoo has tioond 
btmfrh, by one of the Articicf , to pay to the Company. It has been agreed, that from this 
day hoftil.tics fhatl ceafe on both fides; but the Army is not only to retain its prefent pofts. 
fill faiiher oiiiers, hui his Lordthip likewif: enjoins, in the ftronge(l manner, that no troops 
Aor pcf4ons bclof-.ginc. to fippoo (hall he allowed to pafs the picquet, and approach the rn- 
dampmrni, withouc patlport or p rm.flion reeularly ntHified { anu in general, that the fame 
Vrgilaitce ^nd Ari^nefs that has been cuAomary during the war, (hall b.; obfierved by all 
eficers and foldiers in the execution of every military duty, until the tn»ops (hall arrive ae 
Ctie po()» allotted them m the Company's teiritorie^. His Lord(hip thinks it atroof) unne* 
eedary (a defire the Army to advert, that ** mcKleration 111 fucc«(s is no lefs expected froni 
brave men thnn pallantry in ^^ion/' and he tnittsihat the officers aifd foltiiers in his army 
^ill n t imly he incapable of Cummitcing any viobnces in any imcrcourfc that may happfefr 
Ikvtwecn them and l tppoo's troops,^ hut a!fo that they will even abftain from making nf« 
^ Iny fctod #f infukibg exprciHon towards an eucroy tnf(W Jubdutd and humbUd,^* 


tklcs, and ihetr high fatkfaaioq with ^11 the world a fmh'me extroplo of cooqvedDg tm 

ncabireso/f his Lordfhip. In Sir Charles's corred, nm to deAroy. 

letter to the Chairman he fpcaks thus of Lord ** It is fcarcc Icfs matrer nf exalt tion, Chat 
Cqmwulhs : 'his Lordfhip's wifdom fl^ould have command* 

'* Accept, Sir, my rooft hearty congratu- ed (he mo(l unequivocal confidence apd re- 

btlo^s on events fo glorious to our ci»untrv, fpe^ of the Allies, than that the matchlei* 

and fo traly honourable to the Comp^^y's vigour of his am>s (hould have enabled bioi 

Government, under the great and good man to convince the enemy of his generofity. 

by whom it is adminiftered, who having con- ** B< tti the Ptlhwa and ihe Nabob NizaA 

quered the enemy by th« fuperiority of his Ally Khun have been induced, by his Lord* 

genius, and the/orce of his arms •, has gained ftiip's very h'gh charattt r, to eaprets. their 

the affeAions and refped of our Allies by hit wi(b of a perfonal acquaintance ; but I knoir 

iritium, moderation, and equity ; who, by not at prefent whether circumfbuicet wili 

flopping fliort in the intoxicating career of admit of their nneet ng« In ilie event of itt 

yidory, has facnficed every paflfioo to the being found convenient, it m-ght tend toce- 

dilates of true pacriotifm, and of the rmA ment the cordiality of the different States."*] 
inflexible integrity^ and conveyed to tbo 

^ The India Papers thus particularife the glorious a6(ion of the 6th of February f • 
<k<^ch ooly of which, in the modeft ftile of Lord Cumwallii, ia before the public ia 
the pfCfodiog Gazettes. We here take the whole iubftancty though not the prectfit 
letter, of the Mmdras Courier t 

** Never was there a braver- fought day on both fideS| and raor« glory aw^ts the coo« 
qaering army. 

'* Tippoowas encamped between us and the Caveri : this, with numeroot batteries on th« 
Ifland, guarded bis left fiank s the guns of the fort fortified his right, and covered th« 
whole ) a Nullah in his front, flrengtheoed by a firm hedge, ferveU at a pal!^e | 
fantier advanced was a chain of redoubts^ ftrong with cannon, and cannon conneded • 

'* On the 6th, in the evening, orders were recetv>ed for attacking this cimp — the line tf 
tight moved in confe«|uence, without cannon } the moon ( very bright } every thing 
wascnfiduded in ihe grandelt military l\ile. Ac ten the attack began— General Medowi 
led the right agamft Tippoo^s flrongtft batteries of Europeans, infpiring b^s roen*«vith 
promifes of high rewards if they.difplaced the enemy. This w«ft his grand truft-^and all 
tbat nemeould do agatod fuch opponents was done by them.— The commander was Monf. 
Vigor. — Thrice were we beaten back from the attack { a fourth time we advanced with 
redoubled animation, and the puft was earned.— The flaughter on the part cf the enemy 
was great ; tl»e (prvivors retreated behind the KuUah, and joined the main body. 

** Colonel Maxwell rapidly led the left to the ftorm of the Cat rigatta I'dgoda on thf 
heights } to his progrefs he reduced three powerful redoubts, e;ich defended by a deep 
ditch*— he gained the heights— marched on to a hollow below { here the enemy made a 
brareftv^d, r^treatiug ard advancing alieruately j but fuperior difciphne— fuperior biavery 

** Lord Comwallis during this led on the center, cppofite Tippoo's tent. Here, it is fuppofed, 
vss poAed the flower of the enemy ^s force — and here his Lordfbip was impeded for a 
Ihort fpnce by the Arepgih of the works Clirown up.— Carrying thefe, he rufbed on anil 
w^ muft warmly received. 

** The enemy fought with enthufiaflic fury, chftina'cly exerting themfelves to the la(t , 
nMment to fltm the torrent, proving themfelves indeed foldi< rs ; at length they fell hack. 
Ihe opportunity was not loi) — their line wa^ broken, and confufion and h ivock among ihem 
fotlowed. Hei^ it was his Lordfhip yvas elcpofed to confiderable danger. — He had fent off 
a pan of the column he led to give fupport to another quartet , and had only the 74th and 
two bot'^ions of fcpoy$.— he enemy (aw tliis, and, fo. m ng in his rear, again can>e 00, 
ir.crejiiog in fury and oumbers ^ ;<gun they were re^^uiied, hut not wahout the Icfii 
ef 100 men and feveral officers of his Lordfbip^s gallant party. The 14th Bengal 
bittalioo fufiered feverely, lofing Capt. Archdeacon, five other officers* and lao men. 

" Thus fuccecding with Uiecamp, his Lprdfhip crt>lfcd the hvei, and on tbeoppo^te iidf 
flomned a triangular redoubt ; tfiis at length yiclikd ait> r a nohle defence. 

** This redoubt was afterwards attacked by the et<emy, bopmg to rei-^kc it, but they never 
(occeedcd. Cape, ^ibbald of his Majcfly's 74' h, fell gloiious, defending it, as did alfo 
fieut, Buchan of tbe Beuga^ eftabbOimem, who fondu^ed the artillery undfr biiu* Major 

• Skdiy 

( •«♦ ) 


]^RS. WHITELOCK appetrrd the flrfl 
^*^ time at the Hay-market in the eha- 
nAer of Queen Margaret, in The Battle of 
Hexham. This Lady formerly pei formed at 
l^rury-lane under the name of Mifs £. 
'iCcmbie. She isfifttr to Mrs.Siddonsy and 
refembles her fomething in pafon, but more 
)n her voice. Her ading is net dtfirient in 
fpirit, and, when a little fubdued by thu cri- 
ficirms of a London aodier.ce, may be ex* 
^edled to affcrd that graiiAcaiion in fome 
Imatl degree fo pre-emioently veceiyed by 
the performances of Mrs. Siddons, 

zo, Mrs. £dwin, farmerly. Mifs Rich- 
ards, appeared at the Hay-maiketin the cha- 
■?a^r of LiKy^ m The VirRin Unmafked. 
This Lady has been fiim« time one of Lord 
Yarryn)orc*s I <oop of Comedians, and, if ngC 
excellent, Ihswed taknts enough lo prtferv* 
litr .from cenfore. Her fears fetmed to 
•verccme her powtr»y and prevenied her 
ftTHvi dtfplayiBg the full eicent of her abi- 


t new Farce, by Mrs. Jnchhaid, wa^ a£)cd 
the frift time at the liay-market. The Cha- 
faAers js hitlow : 

Sir Sam. Prtjodice, Mr. Wllfon. 

Mr. 5ylran, Mr. Bamiiftcr, fan, 

Knaveftoo, Mr. &. Palmer. 

JMjS. Amhflogy, Mr*. Wthb. 

Mifs Prt)iidu:e, Mifs Heard, 


Sy'van, a yotmg man of tatenti, who has 
l>)4) I cm ned frnm the Cun'inent, is betrothed 
»«» fhe daoghicr of Sir Samiitl Prrjodice, an 
e d n^ai) wIm) is m holly ahforhed in his houft* ^ 
|rii piftwes, and hi? gardens. Sylvan is on 
tfi€ eve of vifitiog Sir Samael to claim his 
j|t)tenv!td wife ; bat meeting Knaveflon, who 

h aKo attached to Mift Pr^udice, Syfna If 
imluccd, by the inftnuationt of Xnaveftoo, to 
fufpea the honour of his millr^ ; 9od 
. i*t refnre, to avoid paying the penalty Co 
which he is fiibjedt if he refufes her, hd re« 
folves to aiVroDC her hihtr by defpifinf aH 
his piAurei y kc, and provoke the latter ta 
cancel the coocraA. This fcheme tfhSiotXtf 
anfwersy aod Sylvan is dtfcarded. Sylvan, 
however, it (o Arnck by the beauty and 
iimpiicity of Mifs Prejudke, chat he fof* 
pe«5U Koarefton of fome vile aniike, a04 
entreats an interview hy letter. KnaveAoOf 
however, gets admiflioo to Mi£i Prejudice, 
beibre Sylvan, and avows his regard for her* 
On the arrival of Sylvan, Xnaveiloa is con* 
cr<iled as an old woman, and paflbd oflf as 9 
fortune-teller. Sylvan then enters, and t be 
lovers come to a fatisfaftory ' eaplanatioiu 
TItey are, however, interrupted t^ the ar* 
rival of Sir Samuel, but not before Sylvan ii 
difguifed in the fame manner as Knavefton. 

Koavefton at laft acknowledgct his vif. 
hiiny, and the lovers are made happy. There 
is alfo a very latighaMe charader in Mrs« 
Amtelogy, the lifter of Sir Samuel, who 
having once been devested in a falfehood, i» 
always fufpe^led of wanting veracity, ai>d 
never believed on the moft tnll'ng occafioa« 
. This Farce is a tranflaion from a po. 
pular French piece intitled Le Mttbnnt, The 
charaAer of Mrs. Ambilogy is the only atf. 
iMtion made hy Mrs. Inchbald. Hie piece 
is meagre, and not to be concpved with her 
foi mer dramatic eflforts. 

July 4. A Gentleman whofe name ia 
faid to be CUvtland, and who had already 
performed Douglas at Bath, appeared the Hrft 
time at the Hay- market in the charader of 
Cliarles Eufton'irt 111 Tell You What. The 
flatore of this Oentleman is low, his perfoQ 

fk'IW fncceeded to this perilow command ^ and the redoubt was again attacked in 'fhc 
fttiL-Mfr.e attempts i the la(\ of tlnfe had the fupport of aoo Europeans in the front, with 
I'icf di ••rficcrs, hwt in vain \ the Maj >r krpt his port. 

•• Tliifc we i)bt»irKd pjflcrfrion of the whole ifl^nd except the fort, and this is commanded hy 
five Qm ntatta Png<Kl4, fiuni whence we v ew its exiemal woiks. It appears old and ruinous | 
jhence it diould fecm tint TippooC'>nDdered his outer fortifications imprrgnable. 

•* The town of Cbnrgingam has a f^rong w 11 Which Ibelters our troops, and mjy be 
mic'e n<^eful agMoft the foir, from whifb it is fituated about 1000 yards j it is well built, 
(he rt:<e s arc at lig.Jrt ang'.fs, ami planted with trees, exhibiting great elepnce. 

** T^te Loll Bang is on« of the tio^(\ and n^oW taHAfiil gardeos in ihe E i(\ ; the Maufoleum 
Cf llytier \s in the center, built in a (^ile of i-rcbite^ure al^otiifhingly fupeib. 

*• C<Mjliilcrin^ ilic Are of nearly ico pitcrs of qmnon p«)uring ufMWi us fo loop, our lofs 
is »>m grejt.— — L')rd Cornwpllis i$ fli^hly wounded m the h.Mul.-»ln crt (Ting the river the 
•taftr WIS opio »Ik: iul*1i.ri necks, a«;l the boiri>nn »o bid th^t they trcqoenily ftomblcd and 
ftU.*— Si)t a tiieli'ck or cirtn«ige uas fii for ufe, bnt the en'tmy retired with precipitattfici 
Jrcfo-e the bayonet, t.> which ihcy b;«ve the iitmoft difl ke. 

•* L >rd Cornw A\\^ «mi i!ie f«»Uowing moriixi;^ ret nropd his th:;k$ to ihc army m generalj^ it^ 
%\n h*»i.>kU '.V ms of gra.» tu'. yJrniriuoti,'' (See p. *Ci.) '''"^^^ "' ^ O 



hftnrMt to him, his face expredive, and 
J^ vo&c clear and ftrong. Hisa^ion wa$ 
too rtdundant, hut he follained the charad^er 
wilh feeliof 9 and obrained applaufe. 

Ttb. All m gcjod Hum^vk, A Drnma 
.^ one A^y was |)^rformcd fi)r the firft time 
It the Haj'inarket. The Chara^n are as 

Mr. Ougrtne^ Mr. Baddeley* 

Squire Hairbratn, Mr. R. Palmer. 

Mr. Bellamy, Mr. Wllliamfoo. 

Rnbln, # Mr. Wcwitrcr. 

Crop, Mr. Farley. 

Mrs. Chagrioe^ . Mn. Po^elU 

Sophia^ Mifs Heard. 

Madge, Mtfs Fcmtenelle. 


Mr. Chasrine infifts upon hii daughter 
Sophia gi^ng her hand to the Squire on that 
daf, Docwithftaodiiig her paitiaJtty for Mr. 
Bdlamy ; to vrhich (he aflencs, upon condi- 
tion of being allowed to expbin, hy a letter, 
that attachment, and to (hew him the pre- 
feoo ihs had been per-vitied to receive ( 
among which it the pointing of a little Cupid. 
Tbcfe are put in a trunk, and fe.t to the 
Sqoire. Madge, hy w\\ntn he has had a 
child, comes Co the hoafe for the purpofe of 
fpcaking to the young Lady, and feeing the 
tnnk with the key, rcfolvct to put the 
child thereto. The Squire lookirtg into the 
trook for the token of affeaion, findi the 
child ; and Mr. Bellamy, who is a Dramatic 
Author, calling upon him at the time, an 
equivoque t;fkes place, the Squire alluding to 
the child, and the other to his literary off- 
(pring } and a fimilar mifunderf^auding tak- 
h% place on the arrival of the young Lady, 
he refaives 10 countenance their marriage, 
and fends ilwm away for that purpofe. At 
thisinllam Madge returns for her child, the 
iniaake is developed, and the piece con- 
dodes with air parties taking it in good bu- 

This (light piece is of too little moment to 
merit much notice, li was nnt well reccivetV 
oa the firCt night, hot hy force judicious cur- 
ttiUneou ii has met with applaufe fincc. 

Spoken by Mr. PALMER 



Written by Mr. ROBERDEAU. 
IK tbefc imfrwin^ e^ptditioss days, 
Wbett broJJ-wlieel waggons fy o'er broad 
highways} [workl), 

When (hort of fl»ty hours (q«ite •''ly 
fWeftmo J?/ir' fitod their ^y to York I 

Vow xxu. 

When by Mail Coach (colle^Ung rogues to 

Your letters ^;f fecure— tho' not your neck ! 
Behold a Jying Manager, — wlw's feen 
At ooon in Bond-Hreet lounge ; at night th« 

Steine ; 
Now on ti^efe boards, at your command, fo 

fluner { 
To-morrow *• (Initshis hour" on " T'othet 

Side the Gutter P* 
From Eaf^em latttuJes, where golden dreams 
My fancy fed on vilionary fchemes 
Flown back, a friendly pon I now (lut in ; 
Like brother Nabobs, blefs'd in a whole (kin I 
'' Beyond experience, fmall my counted 

And here in South Set Stock I've plac'd th« 

poor remaios ! 
Wilh fuch *« faint means*' I feci ho little prid« 
That for DirOlor Vra deem'd qualify'd } 
DK^indion fi aught with energy of fame, 
Where fuch a Patron deigns bis Royal oarrie I 
Hence Metaphor:— No more the Poet 

pleads, ' 

But your pV»in ** Votarlfiin Palmtr*s^$4di*'^ 
T* implore proCeAion anxioufly is come 
With weak pretcnfion : roodeft, as hit dome I 
No fplendid " high-arch*d roof*' t' allure 

your fight, 
Where (h-agjEling tapers *^ (bed religioaa 

light ;'* 
This Temple 00 Cathedral charm<; can boa(^. 
Where in the mighty fpace— ** tb* a3or*s 
^ almojllojtr ' 

Who but the Euglilh adage has by rote, 
** Whene^r your cloth proves fdall, «*eo fo 

btft cut your coat !*' 
Thus cahWd^ ctiU'd, (9tffin*d, we'll not 
amaze [blaxe 1 

Wilh pafttboard Carthage wrapt in paper 
Tho* novelty we hope, we've no intent 
To vie in (bow with tinkling Tournament ; 
Where Lions, Virgins, Giants, Oalk in date. 
To the foft cadence of a pewter plate I 
Spruce SainU and powder'd Conjurois jolo-tn 

And fteeds m cues imperfodl — exit prancing I 
With us, fuch leam'd di(|>lay were inexpe* 

Who only aim ** thecabin prove convtnicnti*' 
~ That here, tho care-wrapt raipd may oft ddate 
From toils of bufincfs, or fatigi^es of date 1 
Nor yet the hour uoprohtably p'afs, 
But human palVions note-"^** as in a glafs !" 
With Folly, Wit (hall war without controul ) 
** The fea(l of reafon** tho' ** the flow o£ 

foul }•' 
Satire's keen (baft (ball otat Addrefs diianp ; 
The manner wio&iog, tho' lii' attack^ 

K With 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



With gemt high-lullrcd fluU our mine be Soch oor <k6ga : and fiumld w« fail i* 

Suchis^jrtCbiiprrvwbriniantfcenesaflbrd ! For the weakdetd we plead the fratefsl 
Not y«t t'eficicnt is our comic plan, will ; 

Of Gi 

■Mfincb" muddtd c$at^ or NomlnaCt Nor cao we fear acceptance of OUT toiJf, 
ftdoH ; Wh«o Valour givea mjffUufg^ and B« 

To Pa(hion't fway devote her path purfoing » 
We*U hnpe to thrive^ e'en by '• the Road to 




R Y. 


By the late Mr. John £llis. 

Written in the Year 1745* 

l^ATURE difpbys, how^ in her round of 
*^ things, » 

One from corruption of another fprings. 
Thus when Romans amient (way to ruin ran^ 
The growing empire of her Church began i 
VVlule young, indeed, botli innocent and mild, 
Beiov'^ of Gik), as Ifrael, when a child. 
Then GoTpel Law, benevolent and gcKid, . 
Th' unlettered and the firople underOood. 
But foon arife the Sophifts of the Schools, 
Who royQeries define by logic rules. 
New comments on the facred text commence, 
New articles of faith to puzzle fenfe. 
With onim proving food the flocks arc fed, 
Tbeir felfi(h paftors give them Aunes for 

Hence fnricus zeal the Bigot*s hreaO inflames 
For foperftitious forms and empty names. 
Now Love, the bond of peace, affrighted flies, 
And put e Religion fecks her native flcies j 
New point sabdrufe divide both Eai^ and Weft, 
And Chriftians^ quarrels are tht Heathens* 

The man is hated, if diflik'd his creed ; 
Nor are the Fathers in their faith agreed x 
For what thefe hold as orthodox and pure, 
Thofe as heretic »l and falfe abjure : 
Warm'srfor words than meaning they contend, 
Religion the pretence, but power their end. 
Meantime m wealth and pride the Prelates 

By rich donations they from converts drew. 
The dying penitent for crimes atones, 
By founding convents for religious drones ; 
And to the weak and credulous is fold 
Heaven in revcrfion for their earthly gold i 
Of hopes and fears is venal market made, 
And faith becomes a myftcry and trade. 
High PrieOs at length power ecclefiaftic flralo; 
The Church andCaefar hold divided reign. 

And now the pfx>vince8 begin to feel 
The Prelate's prkle, the mob*s mifguided 2eal. 
Niiw under foot all human laws are trod $ 
Rebeiliuos, murden, are the caufe of God» 

In Alexandria, CyriPs paft*ral care, 
Dwelt fam'd Hypathia, the Platonic Fair* 
In fciencc read, with ev'ry virtue fraught, 
She Nature's laws and Plato^s doArine taughCj^ 
The learned fex in learning far outihooe, - 
In beauty and each female cbarm her own* 
With men coqverfanc, gentle as a dove ^ 
Yet her chafte bofom ever barr'd to iove. 
One youth alone, of her difciple train, 
Dar^d to herfelf reveal his aroVous pain* . 
But to her principles the virgin true. 
Her lover taught bis paflion to fubdue. 
' Nor was the fame of her extend ve mtAd 
To her own (chool and native walk cooBn'd y 
To her the fages all around repair, 
And as an oracle confult the ikic* 
The city's ruler, wife Oreftes, paid 
I>i(\ingui(h^d honours to the learned maid i 
To her in ev'ry arduous cafe apply'd. 
In public and in private life his guide ; 
With her his mind blifs intcllefiual found. 
To her ip pure Platnrc frieodOiip bound* 

But CyrU ow'd Orcftcs facred hate. 
Who checked the Church encroaching on the 

. State t 
And tho' the Prelate once had faiPd before 
AgainCt his life, Hill murdVous mind lie bore i 
And now with double vengeance aim*d a 

Thro* fair Hypathia to tranfpierce his heart. 
Alas ! that her bi ight excellence (hould raife 
The Patriarch's envy, that deferv'd hi<: praifel^ 
But then her virtues too exalted (bine : 
The Heathen Maiu eclips'd the proud Divine. 

The fair-one, Envy's mark, one fatal day 
Was '^1 her chariot, homeward on the way. 
Of ill unconfcioiu, and fufpe^ing nought, 
A PjCelf. converting, andenwrappM in thought. 
When, lo! a direful Mouk of Cyril's hand 
Aflaii'd the fair with f;icrilegi<ius hand. 
And, aided by the madding bigot throng. 
Forced to a neighboring Chriflian fane along s 
In vain to fpare her innocence Ibe ci iesj 
The blotwJy Priefls prepare their facrifice. 
They ftrip tlic virgm of her garments hare. 
And with (harp tiles her cender body ce«ir» 
Variety of torture long Ihe bore. 
Till fainting nature could fuAaiu r>o more. 

Jigitized by Google Thos 

r O B T 



That aH-aeoomplifliM fair Hypathia dy*d> 
TtHim of Monks to patriarchal p; ide : 
Kor here the raf« of prteftly rancour (laid. 
But limb fro-n hmbthey tore the lifelefs maid. 
Ueroungkd fragmeatSy^iagg'd the city thro*, 
Mek all to pity but the (acred dtew. 
Who, to complete their ecclcfiaftic iro, 
C^mit the relics to devouring fire. 
Such nifchief an arobtious Pontiff made t 
To fuch a crime could bigotry perfuade. 

Yet, thus with murder and rebellion (\aii|'dy 
In Rome's records hath Cyril Saintlhip gained j 
I And all tyrannic Pontiffs fuch as he 

For cnnies ahke obiainM the like degree. 

Thus for extended empire Rome of old 

Her bkiody Heroes *m<Hig(l herGodv enroll'd. 

MeaowhUe, as Prelates for new creeds coo* 
KMne's Pontiff interferes, and roles the refl | 
Ufurpi o*cr Princes' rights, and» by degrees, 
Sceptres become fu^jeded Co the Keys. 
^ The liervanC of the fervanrs of the Lord 
In Peter's Chair afliimes to'be ador*d, 
Affairs of empire to his throne he brings. 
Ami makes at pleafure, and depnfes K ings. 
If lAooarchs dare oppofe his pnnid decree, 
Froa fwom allegiance he their fub);jAs frees 5 
Rel^on's fanflion arms th' Aflalfiu's hand, 
Aod royal blood dif\ains the guilty laud : 
Qr he the Prince to Rome obedient foo, 
Wnat \otg of fu' jc£b ill the Prielt and Mun ! 
How ihmn*d the red by Inquifitions dire, 
Th^t purge his reaims from Hereticks by hre! 

mil their memory ever fweet remain, 
Who freed their country from the papal clia'ui. 
Tbee, noble Vafa, from the fordid mine 
The C3u£e of Liberty caU'd forth to thine : 
Rose's apoftolic ban ttiou didft defpife, 
Aod great in arms agtiolt < pprellbrs rife ; 
Tby band aveng'U thy kindled bately flain. 
And from the land expell'd the cuel Dane. 

Aotl lo, Celeilial Powers on Albion fmile, 
And falefs with Liberty the happy itie. 
£liza came, with gifts heroic crown*d ; 
ThtViigioQaeen ecHps'd theMonirchs round. 
Th; fatminations* Rome, were fpent in vain. 
Thy power (he queird,and humbled haughty 
Spain. [hiith, 

Ye Briton's, prize your r>ght by 
Freedom, that heriuge of hobleft worttu 
fair Una, Gofpet Truth, returnM again. 
Has in her lov'd Britiinnia choCe to reign. 
Where royal George defends her facred caufe, 
Aod Rocniib Tyrants with bis thunder awes. 

By Mr. Thomas Admit. 

A Primnfs, ever fweet to view, 
^ ^e&de a lovely Stuw-drop grew. 
They were the bo* Aed pride of Spring| 
• f»^"i ^ the Ze^byr's balmy wing ; 

Each thought itfelf the choiceft (!ow'r 
That ever drank the fpaogled Ih w> j 
Aod ved for beauty, f«>ught for praife. 
Beneath the fun's rcfplcndent rays. 
Ac length the Sww-diopt fraught with ire, 
Begfn to vent its jealous fire. 

•♦ You, Primro/s ! are not bleft as J, 
"■Who can delighc each gazing eye j 
** Superior beauties 1 may claim, 
" Hut you w«ire born to meet difdaio I 
'< That yellow tinge which courts the air^ 
*' Is nothing hut the Type of Care I 
** Review my innocence and worth, 
•• Know that I fprung from purer earth 1 
** Whibjflw fnom coarfer mould arofe— 
** The tiuih your fallow vifage ihows} 
•* A grov'ling p^liry fl»iw'r, and pale, 
•* The jeft of cv'ry nipping gale \ 
•• / am the youthful Y'Ad th«me, 
** Of mt the Bard delights to dream \ 
** In lofty verfe he fings my praife, 
'< And paints roe in his ehioicei^ lays \ 
" Btit jrotf, the early bod of Cart^ 
«< Are never fcco to floorifb there !" 

The FfimrAft heard, with modeft car. 
And **Flow V,*' it (aid, " iho* fprung fonear, 
** 1 itiil coeval praife may claim, 
<' Nor was I born to meet difdaio 1 
•* Know that w e both, tho* now fo gay, 
«• Shall foon be loft, and fade away 5 
** And if for beauty's meed you vie, 
<* What boots it ? (ince next eve you die 1 
*< The Rofi i^ lovely to behold, 
** The CowJlif> too, which boafts of gold, 
<* The TuUp and the UUy fair, 
'* All yield their fragrance to the air, 
" But foon their beauty fades away, 
*' And then, proud Siiow.Jrcf, what are 
they ?** 

Cdia^ be wife, from pride refrain, 
Nor of your matchlefs het be vain I 
Beauty is Ihort, and foon you'll find, > 

The greatef^ centers in the mind. ^. 

Let Virtue be your fovVeign guide, 
Make her your friend, your boall and pride j 
Th^n will the bnghteft deed he dwe. 
And all the beauiies fliine in O/19, 


«< pE ACE, fordid reptile I avarice like thine 

** -*■ Demands the treatment which itfelf 

bcftows 5 [fhrine, 

** Thou now (halt bend at Charity's cold 

*' And others mock at tliy defcrved woes. 

" Was *^«iahh thy bane? ttuU weakh is thine 

no more; [abused* 

*« r^ent iliec by Hciven, but not to he 

*« It now w i'll ftrip thee of thy every ftore, 

•* And take that treafure tbuu halt fu niif- 


K ^ • Digitized by > 


P O £ T R Y. 

Xoftint he vanifh^d from theimirer^s fj^bt. 

But fi>un experience proved the vifion true j 
Fortune in fwif t fucceflion wing'd tier Aighr, 
. And Penury's pale (bade then nearer drevi% 
Hated by all, and fpurned by every Ivuid, 

The wretched garb of poverty be wears 5 
Tbofe fawning flaves a ood might «r(t com- 
Now will not liAea to hit eameA prayers. 
To Heaven be heaves (he p^nicemial figh, 
And vowc, if plenty greet his days once 
His libVal hand (hall ev'ry want fupply, 
And none go unaflfiiled from his door. 
But ''twould not be{tho(e powers he once could 
fcorn, [deride; 

Now mock his fuffenn«5, and his woes 
Without one friend to comfort, doomM eg 
He liv*d unpi'y'd, and unaided dy*d. 

Hear this, ye vipers 1 men ye are not, fore ! 
And know *tii aogry Heav*D gives riches 
wings } 
He who uumov*d can otben woes endure, 
Oa his own head the fame rcquiral brings. 
W. J. Oddy. 

Addreffed to a Gkntlimav who expre0ed 

hiis Contempt for the Fair Six. 
qHALL Florio, favoured of the Mu(fe, em- 


His poignant wit to ridicule the fair ; 
Or c in my f 1 icnd forego l-ft^s purcft joy, 
Bccau ft: w (\o feeks tt)e blifb fome pain mud 
fliare ? 

Jpbaft not tly heart, more firm»than tempered 
ftcci, pigb:, 

Scorns the piirfnirs that meaner fouU de- 
full little can.'! thou giiefs what lovers ferl, 

When equal ^les two faithful breafts unite. 

While yo\iih invites the joys oflnve to tsfte. 
Why, Fli.ii), to thyfclf rhofe joys dcry i 

Jfo m"urn tod iate the hours you idly wifte, 
And all unpilicv) hfavc the hopelefs figh. 

Whst foon-l$ celeflial fillM my raviib'd ear, 
VVh::t fpknjul vumr.s hltlt a mortal's eyesj 

1 he Mvi(e revealing ihou airentive hear, 

Nor the iUarge tak, tho* rudely told, dc- 
(pife. — 
His flowing (^ceds dcfcendinp fo the main, 
• The bns*>t-h »ir'd fun uifinsM a mildci ray, 
When hncniBg to the Imnet's love-taugi.t 
* Aiain, 
Beneath a bruwn 0ak*s ample (hade I lay. 

-^ro vet by Moipheus* leaden wnnd opprcft, 
The village hindstheir weary tyc-iidsclofe, 

||e»houjhi, in all her'rtativfc ch;:rms c(.nfeft, 
^Lrt my.vrcw the fea-foorn Oaddcfs 1 ule. 

I maffl(*d the mllk.wblte dores Hiat M h«r 
The glolfy locks with golden fiUeC bounds 
The loofe robe flawing with m.ijtftic air, 
Wav'd in the bree^, and fwepi the Velvei 

When lo, the God that kindles foft defire. 
Fluttering his purple pinions, cleaves tb^ 
" Ikies, 

And lights on e^rth, while indignation's firs 
Glows in his breaft, and fia(hes in his eyes. 

" What ails my fon V* the beauteous Qoeea 

exclaim^ ; 

*' To thy fond mother all thy griefs im- 

** p.vt ; [flames ) 

** Say what offence thy reddening cheek in- 

^' Say, whence the teartlut fpeaksibetoft 

•'tui'd heart?" 

^ Faireft of heavenly dames P* (he boy re* 
** Vainly I hoa(\ o'er every heart toretgn» 
^ ^ybil« yet there lives a youth, whofc high- 
born pr de 
** Mocks my blunt fliafcs, and fcorns mj 
^* feeble chain. 

«* 5h.ill then weak man refift my power dl^ 

" vine, 

" Deride my bow, and baffle all my art I 

** Heroes and Kings have bow'd befrre my 

«* (brine', [dart.*! 

** And Gods immortal felt the piercing 

** Sweet boy,** faid Venus, •« calm thy 

*« troubled breaft 5 

*« I know thy griefs, and called on Sove- 

••rngnjovc; [quell, 

** The migl ty Thunderer he«rd my forid m.' 

«* And fm'Pd confenting on the Queen c4 

" tove. 

<f While Time rolls on his courfe, /rom thh 

" bleft hour 
** Thy golden (bafts (hall all rciifllefs prove, 
«« An J the ra(h youth who dar'd defy ibjr 

** p*»wtr, 
*' Tco late repenting fctk the joys of love. 

^ But Lovo's foft tranfports fly his empty 

** aims ; 

*' Hoptlefsof bli^ he fetls unmlngled woe; 

** The (jjr iinrn«)v'ii ni;ill hear Mm pratfc her 

•* ch.<»m?, [bcHou-.** 

** Nor Beauiy'i Queen one favou ing (mile* 

She ceas'd — and mounting ftrarght her radi- 
ant car. 
Her darling bey chjfe feated by her fide. 
From earth fl'>w i ifing thro' the yie't'ing air^ 
Borne on the clouds of heaven tl>cy gtn ly 

JigitizedbyLjOOQlC * 



m to?i wtra nis coox^ma'io. 

Written in 1784. 

Tfifii ancilLc tihi amor ftudori, HoR. 

T)X coufcious Genius rab'U tbove the 

^ cnjtvd, [endow*<l, 

Lof'd by each Mnfe, with every grace 

Cao greafy charms fill Poets with deiire ? 

Love\ torch be hi at iheir own kitchen-iire } 

Hymen inJignant views tlieftrange embraces. 

Behind their fans the coy Nine bide their 

Oh woold fome Caravagio's * faithful art 
Paine cbe fweec form Umc now fubdues ihy 

Rich pearly drops her glowing cheeks adorn 9 
As on the red rofe (bine the dews of mom. 
To bring her lovely fhape more fair to 

In the bick groond be (helves and drelTer too ; 
Eoaod let the en(igns of her (kill appear, 
There the bright fpit, the ready griUiroa 

here j 
Tbeo tball each Venus now fo precions held, 
^y Venus Cnlioaria be exctll'd t 

Tat Sitire hold ! unblafr.*d let Pof ts (bilow 
Th* example of their pntron god Apollo. 
For he fall oft, compelPd by roigh<y Love, 
FarCook for me;»ner ^mcs the courts above, 
And D<iphue*& felf, whom when they ehanc'd 

to quarrel, 
Tt>e ?n«ry God faw chinj'd into a laurel, 
I^crhaps was one of that sllunng band 
Wbuiunithe wh«rliDg mop wkh deztVas 


What ttio' ih^ afpiring Bar4 in garret high 
$Qblime!y bcl^ holds converfe with (he (ky, 
\Vh»k Ut below the humbler C.M>k-maic! plits 
Ucr various taOcs on load-meac, puUdrng^y 

pita ; 
Yet d<i{e atUied a (Iroffg refeiphiance reigns 
In ihe Cook's Ubours and the Poet's (trams. 
And (hdW not tgual. praife crown each 

While that our falau tickles, this ow §mr f 

If proud he ftrides along the Effic fiekl, 
Where all the Mine their mingled laurels 

She joirs in Ottli^tt and CalVtpaJh^ 
Fi(hf Qc(h,and f(>w1,Tn one piomifctKHishafli j 
If he to rurql fubje^t condefcends. 
So wnlk ac»d e^gs flicuntn Cufiari blends ; 
|f with whipt-fyilabob (he charms onrfight| 
His tooe-fon^t are as frothy and as light ; 
^boft and high-feafoned» more fevere than 

His Epwram Is very like her Dtvil ; 
While Ehgy^s foft notes, attuned to woe, 
f laiQCive and thin like French foup matgre 
flow I 

Magouti (be bat where as io qoalnt- wrougttl 

Much time and patient labour are beftow*d ; 
Extemf>of4 difhes for itrc:«r}ons TudJen, 
And M9ral Ejfaji in hard Sujcx fudding. 

Thus (bines a powerful fympithy dilU. 

Triumphant o'er the Poet and the Maid, 
Hence ye cenforious 1 (or in Scandars fpite 
I hail the Bantling that now fpriitgs to light. 
Sweet child ! be thine whatever can charai 

the heart. 
The father's genms and the mother'*s art. 
£^cn now methmks thine infant hands a fpirt 
To wield tl>e poker, and to firing the lyre; 
Half Ccok, half Poet, great (ball be thf 

To blend both characters thy gloriotis aim : 
Thrice welcome union, for this truth i| 

That if we do not $tit we cannot btar. 


FtoM Mas. Smithes '• DESMOND.*" 


OT f(*r the promife of thelabour'd field, 
^ Not fur the good the yellow liarvc(tsyteld| 

I bend at Qeres' (brine ^ 
For dull to humid eyes appear 
The golden gloi ies t>f the year ; 

Alas 1 — a melancliiily woifhrp's mire ! 

X h.iil the Godtjefs fcr lier fcarlet liower 1 
Thou hriilM'it Weed, 
That d (^ fo far exceed 

The richdU gifis gay Flora can bcf^ow ; 

Hcedlefs I pa!s'd thee, in life\ morning boof 
(Ihou comforter of wo«), 

*ritl foirow taught me tocunfefs thy power* 

In early days, when Fancy cheats, 

A various wreath I wove 
Of laugtiing Springes luxuriant fweetSy 

To deck ungrateful Love t 
The rofe, or thorn, my numbers crown'd^ 
As Venus fmiPd, or Venus frown'd } 
But Love, and Jty, and all their train, ari 
flown I 
E'en languid Hope no more is tninOi 
And I will (ing of thee alone j 

Unlefs, perchance, the attributes of gi^» 
The dyprefs bud, and willow leaf, ^ 

Their pale ftinereal folidge blend with tbtnft 

Hail lovely blodbm 1— thou canft eafe 
The wretched vi^inM of Difeafe ( 
Cand clofe thofe weary eyes in gentle fltip» 
Which never open but to weep ) 
For, oh I thy p<itent charm 
Can agoniling Pain difatm ; 
Expel imperious Memory from her feat. 
And bid the throbbing heart forget to beat, 

igitized by V3 ^ -Soui* 

r o E : T R y. 

Sool-foothin; pbot f— th»t cao fa^h blcifiogi 

My thee the rooamer bears to lift} 
By thee the hopelcl^ die ! 
Oh t ever *« frier dly to Dcfpair," 
Might Sorrow^s pallid votary dare 

Without a crime, ihat remedy implore, 
Which bids the fpirii from its bondag: fly, 

I*d court thy paUiative aid no more ; 

No more i*d fue that tnou (houldft fpreid 
Thy rpell arounil my aching head. 
Bat would conjure thee to jmparc 
Thy balfam for a broken heart ! 
And by thy foft Lethean power 

(Ineftimable flower I) [gionstry, 

Biurft thefe lerrt Arial b(«pd9» and other re» 

E P I T A P .H 

• y J»l, HARRINGTCIf, OF 1»ATS. 

In OUtum 

DoM, Eliz. Shcri^ak, 

F^rma, vetCy atfuf in^enio^ 

Jnt$r ornmtas er/.a/iJ^mtTf 

^k imo am^rei it^ Jujfirat 





P, as it iliiKli upon the beft record, \Urdy 
W^ grottb to the poor but iendttb f ik$ 
y^^c Lord i» clearly out of Milo*s debt, 
Wtoo never gave the Poor one farthing yet, 

r IKE huge Briar BUS Gallia ftaodsy 
. '*-' Yet things do not fuccerd ! 
^h t wliat avails a hundnd ha^di^ 
If tbue i» not a inad 1 

♦ Original 

fhem ! tbiu ! lugeant m§rtalci ! 
Ejm vtro gattdesni eotlefia I 

DuUts ad ampUxui^ 

Sofiatisjam eit barge mcfos, 

litdit pergrata. 

En ! ittrumjoror ; 

fnmvitiffttt nil mantt H^Jammh^ 

Sure every beauty, every grace. 

Which other females fhare, 
Adora*d thy mind, thy voice, thy fjice^ 

Thou ftfirea of the fair !-^ 
Amidit the general- diftrcfd, 
O let a friend his grief cxpref^ ! 

yet whilfl, alas ! each mortal movriK; 

Rejoice, ye heavenly Choir ! 
To your embraces (he returns | 

And, with Iter (opial lyre, 
Eliza * now refumes htr feat, 
And malices yo^r harmony complete^ 



ConJhtntimpU^ May lo. 

ON the 3d inflans the Grand V>zir JoffbC 
Pa(haw was depofed from that otfjce, 
and is frcertdcd hy Mtick MehtiTiniet 
T^(h»w of Carca, in Card a. — The plague 
has manifcllcd itfelf in tvcry part cf this 
iindcpcc and the rcigh^curirg villages. 
Accidents «f the contr.gion happen daily in 
Ctlata anfl P^a. It h»s alio nade grc-t 
pfogrefs in the Aichipflago, and many parn 
pf Afn, parliculaily J»t Smyrna. 

rlfnna, June 9. Thcir Kungrian Ma- 
jef^ies, acconipapied by the Crtat Duke of 
Tufcany, fei cut fcr Bu'^a ihc 50th Uhtmoj 
and tlie ceremony of the King's coronation 
took place there on Wcdnefday Jafl, with 
tvcry demor.ftraiion of the lojalty and 
aitachrr.ent of the HMnt^arian Nation to- 
wartfs their re^ Sovereign. 

Bruffilty Jur.a 2'>, Intelligence has been 
received by this grvernment» that on the 
19th infbint a dctaclmeni fromM. Lnck- 
ncr's army att .eked Couilr:»y, and t bC^ed 
thegarriron, after fot^ie rcfiHancc, to 
vrithin three lca?;uts of Ghent, where they 
♦00k pnfl, and the next day were itinforccd 
% the battalion of TciHie:, ihcn op its way 

to VTenin, The Aoftrians arc faid to harte 
loft 1 10 men and a piece of amnon. 

Btujfcbf July 6. It appear* from the 
accounts which have been publifhed by thia 
Government, that early in the morning of 
.the 30th ultimo the French troops Aationtd 
at Courtray retreated from thence to Menin, 
where Monfieur Lockner had fixed his head- 
quarters } and that the whole French army^ 
after thisjundion, fell back to Lifle, where 
they arrived the fame night, having entirely 
f vaco^ted the Aulirian Low Countries. 

Tlie Duke of Brunfwick arrived at 
Coblcntz the 3d infl. and the firfl column 
of the Pruflian army readied that place the 
fame day, 


Tarh^ Junt 20. Eight thoufand of the 
mob, iirmtd with every fpecics of weapons, 
niarched riotoufly to the Kdlional AiTcmbly $ 
and bffure admittance was decreed, their 
Si okefman appeared at the bar, notwith* 
itarwiing the wife meafurcs propofed by 
fevcral worthy clnra^^ers to avoid admittlnj^ 
armed citizens j they marched throup,h il.c 
Hall with drums beating, and, cokurs £ying^ 



•nJ proceeded from thence to the Royal 
Baftille, where they demanded encrancc-— 
th« gates flew open. The AiTcmbly, know- 
ing the King to be very much in danger, 
wifely (deputed twcniyu-foqr Mennbert to 
wait on hb perfon. M. Goyer entered the 
Hall about Hx o'clock, vifibly agitatsd, 
md afcended the tribune to wall the atten- 
tion of the Houfe to a momentous concern— 
*^ Tbave juft Teen,*' faid he, *' ray King, 
the Herediury RepreCenutive of the 
nation, inAiUed, threatenedf under-valued ; 
I have feen him between M. M. Ifnard 
and Vergoiaud, who were exerting them- 
felves in icreening him from popular fury, 
with a rtJ cap on his bead, and in the 
moft imminent danger.*' 

On M. La Croix^s naotion, the Aflembty 
decreed chat a deputation of twenty- four 
Members (hou)d go every half hour to the 
palace |o report the fituation of the royal 
family. At feven tlie firil deputation re- 
turned, and one of them, M. Mazuyer, 
{aid, that af the moment the King was In 
the midft of an immenfe croud, feveral 
Uenibers of the Houfo advanced to comfort 
kim ; bis Majefty, with calm dignity, 
thanked them^ and uttered thefe never-to- 
be-forgotten expreffions— " jfn honefl man^ 
tgho bos ^mC kii dmtyy and vth» bat nothing io 
rtfr^Meb himfeif with, knows nntbtr fear nor 
rmvrfi,** Then taking the hand of a 
national guard that was by his fide, and 
placing it on his heart, he with energy 
added, ** fgg/tubitbtr it heats /'^ It is need- 
left to mention that the Atfembly applauded 
this trait of heroifm. 

PariSf June 23. The Minifter for 
the Home I>spartmertt informed the 
Aflembly, that the Xing had ordered him to 
oommuoicate to them a letter from the 
Departmnit of Paris relative to the Aate of 
the capital, siod a placart which had been 
ftock up in the Fauxbourg of St. Antoine, 
to lbs following purport t 

Fctiiiom •( the Fauxbourg of St, jfntoins 
#• ih* NatUmai^Jembly, 

* The men of tne i4tn of July rife a 

* <(Mond timf, and are come to denounce a 
'* King no longer worthy to fill the ttirone. 
" We demand his head. If you refufe to 
** comply with our deiires our arms are 

* riifed, and we will extirpate the traitors 
" wherever we find them, even amoflgCt 
•• yoorfelvcs." 

A voice on the left fide of the Affmbly 
iere called out for the order of the day, at 
'<*ichthe Afi«mHiy exprcflTcd the utmoft 
tadifiution } and it was demanded that the 
M«aiber (hould be fent to the Abbey. The 
^ 1 was afterirards ref .ried to the new 

Committee of Twelve to report in x\m 

In the evening fefiion M. Mouraire made 
the report in the name of the Committee, 
purporting that ths text of the law refpeA- 
ing the troubles being formal, the Com- 
miflion could prefent no new legiibtivft 
meafure ; but propofed to invite, in th« 
name of Liberty, all good citiaens to join 
the conititucnt authorities, for the fupporc 
of order and the fecurity of their perfont. 
This decree, the Aflembly, eager .to prove 
its determined refolution to fupport the law, 
decreed without any difcuHion, and ordered 
it to be fent to the ir^ departments. Decreet 
of liquidation took up the reft of the 

M. Baztre obferved, that he held a paper 
in his hand, which had occafioned all the 
prefent confufion j it was the King^ Pro- 
clamation, which be would flrft read« an4 
afterwards denounce. 


EVENTS or THE 20th Of JUNK. 

'* 'Frenchmen cannot hear without con- 
cern, that a multitude, excited by forai 
fa^ious perfons, came with arms in their 
. hands into the King*s Palace, drawing a 
piece of cannon even into the guard-room | 
that they broke open the doors of his apart- 
ment with axes, and there audaciouilf 
abufing by afTuming the name of the 
nation, attempted to obtain by fbrce tbe 
fan^lion which his M;ije{ly had Qooflttu- 
ttonally rcfufed to two decrees. 

** The King uppofed to the menacee aed 
infulrs of thefe fadiions perfons, only hie 
confcience and his love for the public 

. '« The King knows not at what point 
they would fiop j but he thinks it right to 
inform the French nation, that violence, lo 
whatever exccfs it may be carried, f^all never 
tear from him his confent to whatever ho 
fhall think contrary to the public iotereft.-* 
He expofts, without regret, his own peace, 
and his perfbnal fafety ; he gives up, even 
without pain, the enjoy rent of the righte 
which belong to all men, and which the 
law ought to rcfpcft in him as w^rll ^s in 
a!l citiTens ; but as the Hereditary Rcpre- 
fentalive of the French nation, hehufcvere 
duties to fulfi', and though Ym will m ks 
the facrifice of his own npofe, he wUl t^ 
facrifice his duties. 

*' If tluife who widi 'o overtl.row the Mo- 
narchy have n^ell of ot^e en me more, ihey 
mny commit ic. — In the cr fis in which be 
finds liimfelf, the King will !o the laft mo- 
mint give to tl>c Conliiiurd Powers the ex* 
ample of that courage onu fii luaefs whicip 



•an a}on« favs tha eitipire. In confeqnenoe, 
ho^nrJTS A\ tl>e AJmini()rative and Munici- 
pal Bvha to wuch ovtfr the lives and pro- 
pei lies of rhe pi^ple. 

^ Given at Paris, the ixd day of Jime 
1791, the 4ih year of Liberty. 

(Signed) " LOUIS. 

(And under) Terriirf."' 

After the appearance of the King's Pro- 

^niation, which ctM^fiderably «jwf(K:rared 

the populace, who tore it down w^lc^cve^ 

they fitund U, was pobltfbed the following 


^ Citizens, preferv^ tranquillity and fee 
your di(^n;ty. 

*-* Be upon your guard againf) the fn'*rts 
which are laid for you. tt is wilhed to create 
^vUions MDong Cbe CitixeM armed and un- 

•* Cover with your arms the King of the 
Cooiiitutton ; environ his perfon with re- 
<pe£t, tiMt h.$ afylum may be facied. 

'• R:;ipr61 and canfe to be refi>c£led the 
HatiiMial Aflcmb!y, and the Majcfty of the 
. Repi c&ntatives of a Free People, 

*' Do nwtatfemble in arms ; the law forbids 
it, ;»nd this Uw has juft been renewed. 

** Incrowd^ythe noil innocent may mingle 
with '.he worft mieniioncd. 

** The Law rrproves ail violence, and you 
tiave entrurieJ to your Magiltraies the exe- 
cu('H>n of (his taw, 

'* Slifcw yourfclvcs worthy of Liberty, and 
rcroemhrr, that the people who are the rooft 
free^ are aUo mull tlte {iovs of t'/.cir laws. 
(Signed) •* Petion, Mayor. 

« DijoLY, Regiftrar.*' 

The National Aflombly paffed the ioU 
lowing Decree -refpeAiogtlie foregoing hand- 

" ^e National Aflembly, informed by 
the Minifter of liie Intencr, that the enemiei 
o( the people and of liberty fcek all means to 
overthrow the Conftitotion, ad, ufurping 
the language of Patrioiifm, are upoQ the 
point of mifleading many of the iohabitaoti 
of Paris ; 

^ JuOly indignant at the criminal proro. 
•ftiOAs and placards which have be^ de- 
nounced to I hem, aod confideriog that the 
dhity of the Legiflatire Body is to maintain 
lh« Con'tiTot.Mn and the inviolability of the 
Hereditary R?prefentative of the Nation, but 
that the laws have committed to the cooili- 
Coted authorities all the means which are ne. 
ceifary tor affuring order «nd public tranqoil- 
' Itty, declare, tliat it is not necellary to uke 
aoy new legifl^tive meafures^ but invite in 
the name of the natiod aod of liberty all 
citizens CO be faithful to thofe to whom the 
depi.fic of the CouHitution is committed ; to 
^pMite all ibeir efforts to thofe ol the confti. 

tuted authorities for the maintcnanct. of t?ie 
puli'iic tranquillity, :ind for guaranteeing rhe 
farcty of perfons and properties. The Na- 
tional AtTcmbly decrees the publication of the 
prcfent aft, ^nd orders the Minifttr of the 
Interior to give an exa6l account, every day, 
of the ftate of the city of Paris/' 

Parii, July 7. This morning, at ten 
o'clock, an extraordinary Affembly of tho 
General CounCil of the Commonalty wa» 
h?ld, when ihc Mayor laid before it an Arret 
of the£lory of the Department, by 
which tlw Mayor and the Procureur of the 
Commonalty are provifiooally fufpeoded 
from the exercife of their fundions, for 
having, on the loth of June laft,. failed in 
the execution of the law. M. Petion de- 
clared immediately, that he was eager ro 
obey the law, and requeAed the AffemWy 
to appoint a Prcfidcnt. The Council -Ge- 
niral, after having ordered the arret of the 
Department to be regiflered, proceeded to tho ' 
appointm'^nt of a Municipal Officer., to fulfil, 
ad inttrim^ the funftions of a Mayor. The 
votes were divided between Me/&s. Boiro 
and Guiliauipe Leroy \ |>ut the former bad 
the majority. M. DemouiTraux, by virtoe 
of the Arret of the Departmentj will miEt 
as Procureur of the Commonalty. 

M. Petion left the Council amid ft repeated 
ihout^of applaufe, and was conduced borne 
by a nunw rous body of Patriots. 

Puri'j, July 9. In the StflioB of tiie 
6ih inft. thcMiniftcrforForivgn Affairs laid, 
before the AfTcmhly an order of the Court 
of Spait^, revoking the prohibitioo ifTued 
againfl the tranfportation of French Negroes 
to the Sp^niO) Colonies. 

Jn the Scffion of the 7th thePrefident in- 
formed the Aflembly, that the Older of the 
Day was allotted to the difcuflion of the 
incafures to be taken for the general fafety. 
M. Brifot was to open the bufinefs. M. 
Lamourttie, howevr, aiofe and informed 
the AfTembly, tb^t he h«d a motion which 
he Wilhcd to make previoufly, which was, 
** That all thofe Members who both abjured 
and cxtcrated a KepubUcanform of Govern^ 
meaty or one con/tfiimg of two Houfts^ Jhomid 
rifi,^* The whole Airembly immediate!/ 
aiofe, and folemnly declared, they never 
would fjft'er, either by the introduflion of 
the Rcpu»?lican Tydem, or by the e(labli(h- 
m?nt of Two Houfci, any alteration what- 
ever in tlic C»H.f\itu(ion. A general cry of 
" Re Mfiicm'' foliowtrd dir^ly. The Mem* 
hers who fat on i!^e fidf formerly denomi- 
nated the /»//, wcut ard mixed with thd 
Members ot the oppofuc fide, who received 
them wjih open arms, and h) their torn 
went and placed tliemftflves on the bcAchei 
on the kit iidc i in fa^ all parties mingled 

Digitized by GOO^.^ lOgCtlt* 



logfther. On the fame feats wcte feen 
MeflH. JaucoDft and Merlin, Damas and 
Bazire, Albite and Raympnd; no more 
fafpicioni prevailed, and the words Se^s and 
^art'us feemed to beaboU/hed. A Deputa- 
tion of 24 Members were charged to wait on 
the King, and acquaint him with (he tranf- 
a£Hon. Meflirs. B £>re and Camot then 
moved, that the Adminiftrative Corps of 
Parif, and the Judicbry C«rps, fhould be 
^t for and made acquainted with it alfO) 
that they might communicate it to their 
fdlow.cttizens ; which was ordered accor- 

M. Ozetin with a Deptiution from the 
Ceoeral Council of the Commonalty appear^ 
td before the bar, and reqnefted of the Af* 
fcmbiy a fpeedy deciflon refpe^ing the fuf- 
penfion of the Mayor of Paris and the Pro^ 
coreur of the Commonalty. An Addreft 
was alfo read, figned by the Members of the 
Monicipal Corps, approving the condud of 
thei^ two officers. The All«nbly ordered 
the Executive Power to report on the bufi« 
hcTs the next day, 

-. Here the Deputsuion returned from the 
King, and foon after the King, accompa- 
nied by all hie Minlders, entered the Aflem- 
bly amidfl reiterated cries of ** Fii/s U Na- 
irn ! Ftvt U Roir His Majerty placed 
iiimfdf by the fide of the PreAdent, and^ 
Addrcfling himfelf to the Affembly in a fliort 
fpeech, informed them that the happy mo- 
Bicnc which he had fo long wiOied for was 
then arrived 1 that the Nation and the King 
were as one, and both aimed at one end^ 
the falvation of France. He fald, fo eager 
was he to haften to the Alftmbly, that it 
was with the otmioft impati«nce he waited 
for the arrival of the Deputies. Here the 
cries of « Fivt la Nation I Vivt h Roi /'* 
were redoabled, and the King quitted the 
A^-nbly amidft the accUmattons of the 

In the evening one of the Secretaries read 
the verbal procefs of the National Aflfembly 
in the morning, which turned chiefly on the 
BKKion relative to the meafures to, be taken 
ior the general (j£ety. He obferved, that 
Ute mod fpeedy and efficacious mean was 
the anion of the Members of the Legiflative 
Corps, 4ifturbed by fufpicion and political 
ianings. He therefore moved, as . the 
vteans of preventing theft diflenfions, «« To 
pronounce a foiemn execration againft all 
proicAa tending to alter the Cunftitutioii, 
cither by the eftablifliment of Two Cham* 
k^ by the eiUblifhing a Republic, or in 
any other manner.*' The Aflembly, by a 
AmMob and fpontaneous movemcm, all roAr, 
aBd-dsQireed'this propofition, amidft athtm- 
^<«Mttt<e| and the Decree ww or- 

dered to be fent to the 83 Departments* 
The Members then arofe, and approaching 
from all parts of the Hall mingled together* 

A letter was read from the King, re- 
quefUng the Aflembly to decide in the bufi- 
nefs of the Arret of the Departmenr, as he 
was perfbnally concerned therein, and from 
motives of delicacy Wiihed not to interfere. 

Paris y July 11. In this day's SefTion q£ 
the National Aflembly, M. Herault reported 
from the joint Committees on the political 
Aateef the Nation. Their opinion was^ tm 
declare that the country is in danger. 

M. Lacipede propoftd the following form 
of the declaration, which was voted almoft 
unanimoudy i 

'* Numerous bodies of troops are advancing 
towards oar frontiers. All thofe who abhor 
liberty are arming againft our Cqn(\iiutioo. 


Let thofe who are to have the honour of 
marching the firfl to defend all that they bold 
moft dear, always remember that they are 
Frenchmen, and freemen j let their fellow* 
cititens maintain at home the fafety of per- 
fon« and of property 1 let the Magiftrates of 
the people watch attentively ; let ail, with 
the calm courage which is the attribute of 
true force, watt for the fignal of the law 
before they a€t, and our country will be 

On the motion of M.Vergnlaud, the Af** 
femjbly voted 


'' Citizens, 

** Your Conftitution reftores the princi- 
ples of eternal juftlce. A league of Kings 
is formed to deftroy it. Their battalions 
are advmcing :— thqr are numerous, under 
rigoreus difcipline, and long praAifed in the 
art of war. Do you not feel a noble ardour 
inflame your courage f Wilt you Cutfer hordea 
of foreigners, like a deflru^ive torrent, to 
overflow your fields ? Will you fuflfer them 
to ravage your harvcfls ; towafte your coun* 
try by burning and cruelties 1 in a word, to 
load youriSSlves with chains dyed ii) the blood 
of all you hold moft dear f 

<* Our armies are not yet complete i an 
indifcreet fecurity too often reftrained Um 
ardour of patriotifm. The levies of re- 
cruits ordained have not been (b completely 
fuccefsfulas your Reprefenrativet had hoped. 
Internal troubles, added to the difficulty 
of our fituation, caufe our enemies to give 
themfelves up to vain hopes, which to yoa 
are an infult. 

* *< Haften Ciiiaensi fave liberty, and vin- 
dicate your glory. 

<• The National Aflembly declares^ thi^ 

our country is in danw._ bvGoOol^' 
^r ' <i< Be* 



«« Beware, however, oT thinking, thit 
this decUraiioo is ihc effeft of « terror un- 
worthy 6f ihe Affwnbly or of yoo. Yon 
have taken the oaih, To iivefru or dti. The 
AflTcrobly knows that yoa will keep i , M 
rwcars to fet you the example : but the quel- 
tion is not to brave death 5 we muft cooi^uer, 
and you can conquer, if you abjure your 
hatreds j if you forget your polities diflen- 
fions, if you unite in the common caofe } if 
you wauh whh indefatigable aaiviiy yoor^ 
Internal enemies i if you prevent all the dif- 
orders, and all the aa$ of violence to indi. 
▼idu Is which they exciic j if fecuring within 
the kingdom the empire of the laws, and 
jinfwering by well - ordered movements 
the call of your country, you fly to the 
frontiers, and to our camps, wiih the ge. 
ncrous enthufiafm of hbcny, and the pro- 
found fentiment of ihe duties of foldier- 

«* Frenchmen, four years engaged m a 
l^ruggle againft defpoiifm, we advcrtife you 
of your dangers, in order to invite you to 
the efforts neceflary to furrooont thcro. 
We (hew you the precipice i — what glory 
awaits yoo when you Ihali have overpatfcd 
h ! The eyes of nations ar*- fiied upon you j 
aftoniih tlicm by the majcflic difplay of your 
force, and of a grand cbaraaer, onion, 
refpea for ilie laws, for the chiefs, for the 
eonrtituted authorities, courage onOiaken 5 
jmd foon will ViAory crown with ber palms 
the altar of Liberty : foon will the nations 
who are'now arming againft your conilitu- 
tion covet to unite themfclves with you by 
the ties of a fweei fraternity ; foon, confo- 
lidaiing by a glorious peace the bafis of your 
government, you will reap all the fruiu of the 
Rcvoluiion j and in preparing your own 
ha; pi lefs, you will have prepared the bap- 
pintfs of pofterity.'* 

On thfe motion of M. VanWanc the Aflfcrn- 
My toted— 


** Brave Warriors, 

«« The National AOembly hat joft pro- 
claimed the danger of our country j this is 
to procUtm the lorce of the Empire j this is 
to announce, that French youth will fooo 
flock round the ftandard of Ubcity. You 
•will teach them to conquer ! you will point 
them the road to glory. 

*< On the iignal of dangir to your coun- 
try, yon wiU feel your M^ur redoubled. 
"Warriors, let difcipline gnide your motioni j 
that alone is ihe guarantee of viaory. Have 
tliat calm and cool courage with which the 
ienfe of your force ought to iofpii:e you. 
• ♦« A true army is an immenfe body pot in 
.motion by a fmgle bead. U can do nothing 
miOmt a pati&vf Ittardmatioa 9f rank 19 

rank, from the foldier op to the General* 
Warriors, imitate the derotion of Djflia*, 
and the courage of the brave Pie. Merit 
the honours which your country referves for 
thofe who fight for her j they will be wor- 
thy of ber and of yoo. 

*« Forget not that it is your Cooftitotion 
that is attacked. The objcd is, to make you 
defcend from the glorious rank of freemen I 
Well, brave Warriors 1 the Conftitution 
moft triumph, or the French nation muft b9 
covered with indelible difgrace. 

•< From all pans your fellow -citizens art 
preparing to fecund you. Doubt not of it ♦ 
there is not a Frenchman who hcfitates} 
there is not one who, in thcfc days of peril 
and 01 glory, rifles dilbtmouring his life by a 
bafe and (baracful ina^ion. How unhappy 
will bs the man who cannot on fome lutute 
day fay 10 his childien and his fell' tw-citi- 
2W1S, " I too fought when our liberty wae 
attacked. I fliared the g'ory of the day on 
which t\ye French arms tr umphcd ovwr our 
enemies. I defei»d<rd the ramparts of the 
city, which they attacked in vun j and on 
fuch a day I bled for my country, for Uberty, 
and equality.'* 
CaafiMoMTOf RwEWAt of theFaiHCw 


Pahs, July 15, 179*. 
In the midft of the imrocnfe concoodia 
>eaerday, and of circumtUnces geoerall/ 
interefting, no event happened to M\& the ' 
patriotic or benevolent mind ; and many 
thoufands, doubtlefs, fdt the warmth of honeft 
Oithufiafm^ of fraternal good-will, and of 
bopeboundlefs for the welfare of man. 

At half paft five in the morning the 
gtneraU was beat, and the National Guards 
repaired to their fixiy quarters, where th« 
fedcrators were appointed to meet them; 

The fix divifions afterwardsafiembled, eadk 
in their ordinary place 1 they fent off the de« 
tachments deftioed for the guard of honour 
of the -Aflembly and the King, and aftaa^ 
wards repaired to the komUvard St. Antoino, 
where the gaoeral procemon was appointed 
to form, and where the regimcnu of the 
line joined them. 

The National Aflbmbly met at half paft 
nme, and fent fixty of its Menaben to lay 
the firft ftone of the column of Liberty 
which will be debated upon the ruins of the 
alUr of DefpotiftB, to remind pofteriiy of 
the asra at which Prance broke lier chains. 

During this tkne the King, preceded bf 
a detachment of cavahy, and by another of 
troops of the Kne, efborted by five boodred 
Tolunteen, and followed by four compaoiea 
4d the Gumrdit SMiJfitf^nAxtA F EfU h£iitair$^ 
aficooHNAied in h« carriage by the Queen, 
Madanif Iliabftf^ the Wacf aeyal. 



liaJMM fb* Kmg*s daughttr, tnd a Lady of 
tbt Omn, Anttfher votsun followed with 
ftriaas of the King^s (uite. The fix MibU 
fters walked on foot at the doors of th« 
KJog\ V4»tmrg^ which reached f Ec»U MiB* 
tetr^exa^ty at twelve. 

This efcoft then formed behind the 
KoiMmg in the Plain of Federatiooy in a 
iqture battalion, while an immenre crowd 
tiled 4be amphitheatre and the interior part 
of <he plain. 

The Altar of the Country was (haded by 
i palmOree ) perfume was bamc in four 
itfi^etus at (he angles; and at every half 
boor 60 pieces of artillery were fiied.— 
Ei^hty^three poplars, with large bandages 
K Ubeb, pointed cot (heir ftations to tlie 
Fctferators of the eighty -three Departments. 
A pyramidal rooooment was ere^ed at the 
foot of the Altar of the Country, with the 
io'cripriony ** To mr brothers im arms who 
hnef^km mfom tbefrmiitrs for tbi diftnci of 

Uitder thefe circomftarces of preparation 
the arrival of the pioc«.flion wm expeded ; 
vhich,' opon its rUurn from the Boulevard 
St. Actoine, had received into its bofom the 
llaiSonal AfTcrobly. At two e^clock the 
pooqffioo began to open into the Plain of 
federation by the Rue de Greville. Groups 
0f nen and children, with women bearing 
pikes and leaves, dehled after a detachment 
ef 5c Maitres dt Cavattriif and another of 
K«i(»ial Guards. Other women followed, 
Wariog bnm cfae s of trees and other fymbo- 
ical figores. Four legions of the Parifian 
Goard, with their drums and moficin front, 
afterwards defiled ; in the mMdle of which 
^*ert the Cummiflionen of ttie fe6kion, the 
Ceamiffioners of Police, Jofticcs of Peace, 
tke TriboQab of the DiflriAs, imermlxed 
vith fhoDg detachments of the and 
lo^ih regiments, commanded by M. M# 
Charennl^ Maupertws^ Meffieurs Wltten- 
kaffiad Meooa, General Officers, command* 
feg the divii&on of the Inta ior, were with 
Ibcir Etat Majors to the middle of the plain, 
cppofite to a vaQ balcony, in which were tbe 
King, the Queen, the Prince Royal, their 
Ckniiy, aed fuKe. . 

Before the 5(h Legion of National Guards 
tntcred the plain, the National Affemhiy, 
fKoaded by a piquet oFcivalry, the Sapeun 
af the National Guard, and a detachnntnt of 
▼ohaitecr Grenadierr^ efcorted by others of 
GreikiAeTs and Gendarmerie, entered the 
^ain of Federation. The A flembty (topped 
fcefore the King's balcony. The King, ac- 
<aopaoied by his MiniAcrs, defcended, 
Pboed bimfelf on the left hand of the 
MdcBt^ anilt wuh . him, oiarchcd at 

the head of the Aflembly. The Kiiig'a. 
efoort, which was in order, then joined tbac 
of the Aflembly, and the whole procefTioa 
moved towards the Altar of the Country. 

The Aflembly and the King (bould alone 
have proceeded to its fommit i but a great 
number of perfbns efpecially an aflTefriblage 
of dciaens bearing a Baflile in relief, had 
before eftaUfbed themfetves opon the plat- 
form. Theproceflioo fhould have afcended 
. the Altar of the Country in order, and the 
Prefidenty the King, and the Kaciooal 
Guards, (hould alone iiave afcended as far as 
the bock of (he Law, and taken the oath. 
This plan could not he entire^ conformed 
with I the King remained upon the firlt 
platform in the midft of the Affrmbly, 
prvfled himfelf by the affiftaoU at the 

There the conftitplional oath was taken 
in the midfl of the acclamations of all the 
people, who prefeoted at this moment, ia 
the roidft of their eagemefs to approach the 
A bar, the mod intereOiog, piAurefque, and 
fublime coup tTaii, A general difcharge of 
artillery aonounce<! the uking of the oath* 
During this time, the two Uft legions enter- 
ed with the Department and the Munici* 
pality, at the head of whom was M» 
Petion . 

The Aflembly and the King, being ob. 
drudged from reaching the other fide of the 
Alt4r by the crowd, whom they were un- 
willing to have removed, returned by the 
fide on which they afcended ; and the 
Deputies accompanied the King to rEc'oIeMi" . 
Utah 4, where he went into his carriage, andl 
returned by the road through which he came 
to the Tlnxillcries. 

There was in each battalion a greater or 
lefs number of Federators, or Inhabirants of 
Paris, armed with p.kes, of wtiom feme 
fliouted in the ftreets, and as they defiled be- 
fore the King, (houted •* Five Pstion /'• Some 
other ihouts relative to prefcnt circtim fiancee 
were heard, and particularly againft the 
condud of M. I^ Fayette. Upon the Altar 
of tiie Country fimilar Ihouts were at times 
repeated by men who had drawn back their 
clothes frem the neck and arms, and by 
others who had the old unir')rm of the 
Gardes Francois. Several cannoneers, placed 
without the ranks, under the balcony of the 
King, were alfo obfervcd to repeat rh»m, 
and. one efpecially, upon crying *' fiW 
VetionV appeared to give tbe (ignal to the 
battalions as (hey pafied. A'l, however, did 
not anfuer to (he (hour, pnd the regiments 
of the line, after the air ♦* Ca Tra^* plivtd 
*• Ou peut on etre wiVuAf," and Ih n ted ** Vivo 
la Nation^ tt li^oif** which the populace 
^ rcpcaUd. 

Digitized by V3 ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ 



repeated. ** Ftvt P«/»« /*' «»» wrilien 
up n the \ att of many of the populace, 

U\x)n ibe return of the King to t!ic 
T millericb the crowd was very great in iha 

roady bat not the leafl viotance happenMl^ 
In Che evening the city was illaminatedt *n^ 
nothing but feftivity and good barmoay pre« 



JUHF. 19. 

fUS. Hobart's rural brcakfaft.— TMi 
long, looked for and hmg prevented 
fafhonable dejun^ was given yeftcrday, in 
fpiic of the weather. It is almoft ncedltrfs to 
remark, that all the firft nobility and farhion 
about town graced this moft delightful fctr , 
The Prince of Wales came firrt,and prccifely 
at one o*clock. Between 400 and 500 perfont 
vrcrc prefcnt, among whom were the Duke 
of Gloucefter, Ducheffes of Rutland and 
Gordon, Margrave of Anfpach, Mrs. Fita- 
berbcrt, the Duke of Queenibury, fcveral 
pf the Corps Diplotnaiique, and many other 
foreigners of diftinaion. The Duke of- 
Clarcnce was not ihere. The breakfait 
Ulted from two till paft ("even o'clock. 

The leading perfonage in this entertain - 
inent (which was obliged to be confined to 
the houfe on account of the weather) was 
Mrs. Briftow, a near relation of Mrs. Ho- 
bart. This lady, who has long refided at 
the Indian Court at Lucknow, was every 
jnch a Queen. Dreflcd in ail the magnifi- 
cence of Eaftcrn grandeur, Mrs. Bnftow 
reprefenied the Queen Nouradjad, or the 
Light of the World in the Garden of Rofes, 
She was featcd in the large drawing-room, 
which w^i -very beautifully fined i<p, on 
cuftiions in the Indian ftyle, fmoking her 
bookah, amidrt all forts of the choiceft 
perfumes. Mrs. Brifto^Y was very profulc 
with* her otto of rofes, drops ol which 
were thrown ahout the Udies drcfles. — The 
whole houfe was fcented with the muft 
delicious ^fragrance. 

The company on entering were all intro* 
duced to Mrs. Biiilow by Mrs, Hobart. 
Young Kcppcll, the fon of- the Margravine 
pf Anfpach, v^as dreffed in girl's cloaths. 
He was in the character of a Calabrefe, and 
fung fome charming French fongs with M. 
Je Texicr, who was in womcn*$ cloaihs at 
a ballad finger, and played on the fiddle. 

A lady was dreflcd as a Savoyarde, but 
fould not be dinindUy heard, on account of 
^n intolerable large mafk over her face. 
Mrs, Briftow likewil'efung. 

Each lady had a lottry- ticket given her 
by Mrs. Hobart on entt:ring, and each drew 
a prize. Thp Ducbei4 ot Rutland drew 
the (M0|id hi^h^ii ^ but the gn/fs lor, or 

ftrfl prize, nerer went out of the whe«l; 
It was, after the drawing was over, prefcnc« 
ed by Mrs. Hobart, on her knees, to the 
Indian Queen Nouradjad. 

The brcakfaf* of courfe confifted \ of 
every thing that was choice and good» 
and every perfon feemed to partake very 
plentifully of it. The fruits and wines wcrt 

On Saturday July ift, there was an 
examination at the Public Office, Bow. 
Areet, of five convifts who efcaped 
from Botany Bay in March 1791, and who 
were brought ff ore the Cape of Good Hop^ 
in the Gorgon man of war, lately arrived. 
Their names are as follow j John Butcher, 
alias Broom, a native of KidJerminAer (con- 
vided at Shrewlbury Aflizes about five years 
ago of dealing pigs from John Harlbury, of 
Kinlett), William Allen, Nathaniel Lilleya 
Mary Briant, and James Martin, C0Dvi6U 
from Exeter, ice, &c. 

CaptainEdwards depofed, that he left Eng- 
land in the Pandora Frigate of %o guns, of 
which he was the Commander. On bis -ar- 
riving off the coaft of New South Wales, (tk9 
Arut k on a reef of rocks, and went to piece) s 
previous to which, they hoided out their two 
boats, and, taking what provifions they could 
faveout of the wrecki committed themfclvet 
to the mercy of the fea ; and after varioot 
hardfiiips and fatigue, arrived at Timor, in tho 
. Ifland of Batavia, on the iQth of Aug. 1 79 1 i 
the boat which the reft of his crew embarked 
in, it is imagined, went to ,the bottom, as 
they have heard no tidings of^them fince tbey 
left each other ob tbe coad of l^ev/ South 
Wales, . 

On his landing the Governor gave bim to 
underftand he had in cuflody upon the iiland, 
eight men. convi^. one woman, and two 
children, and fuggeiled to him as having 
efcaped from the colony at Bouny Bay, and 
arrived in his territories in June i79i» very 
much diftrefled, in an open fix>oared boat 1 
their narrative to him (the Governor) was, 
tlut they had been Ihip- wrecked on board! a 
veffcl on the coaft of New Holland, of which 
they were part of tbe crpw, the others they 
daly expe6^ed in another boat. 

On Che 6:h of Odober following, Captaia 
SdwarOs took padia^e ia « Patch veflel from 

.,...., ^oogle. **^*^5^ 



laUfU, to the Cape of Good Hope, haviog 
previoutty paid to the Goveroor of Timor 
the cxpenceft incurred by the maintenance 
and fapport of the convicts whilfl on the 
IfboAy aod taking them under bis care to , 
briog ihem to England. On his arrival at 
the Cape, 1m delivered (hem into the cuf- 
Cody of Captain Parker, of the Gorgon man 
of war, then about to fail for England. The 
following died on their paiTage from Batavia 
to the Cape of Good Hope, viz. Samuel Bird, 
William Martin, William Briant, James Cox 
(this ntan fell overboard and pehlhed), and 
two children belonging to the prifoner Mary 

Mr. Bond then examined the refpe^ive 

The account they gave was, that feeing no 
cbaoce of their, ever regaining their liber tyi 
or again Tiiiting their native country, even 
after the ex|iiracion of the term for which 
tbey were tranfportcd, and being in great 
danger of ftarving— having at times but four 
ounces of flonr^ and four of fait beef, with a 
very fmall quantity of rifv, allowed them per 
dwy, and one Ivtlf that quantity, if, from ill- 
nefs, or other caofes, they were unable to 
wofk — they chofe rather to ri(k their lives on 
the fea than to ftarve in this defolate place, 
wliich being a harrea Tandy foil, and having 
oo manure to enrich it, did not produce even 
half the quantity of grain that was fown on 
it-*the cabbage-tree and turnips being almoft 
the ooiy things that would grow there, and 
even Hoc Utter did not apple well. Fi(h of 
all forts was very fcarce, and the young 
Kangaroos were almoft the only frelh pro- 
viTions of which they taHed^ and even thefe 
very feldom j for the Governor had properly 
prohibited tbc prifooers or others from going 
up the country to (hoot them, on account of 
' the natives, who not only killed, but thofe Co 
the northward of the fettlement would eat 
the people, as appeared from the fate of Lieut« 
Hill, Qt the Ceres, a promifing young officer, 
who was oniverfally beloved and regretted, 
who was killed by the natives , and no re- 
mains of him were to be found ; from the 
account of a girl and boy (natives) which the 
Qovemor afterwards fe.^od, he was ate up ; 
tbey declaring they had ate a part of him« 

But to return. — Thefe confiderations de- 
termined them to attempt an efcape, let the 
riik be tihit it might, and Briant was through- 
out the principal in this undertaking. A 
Dutch fclKMHier, under the command of a 
Captain Smyth, having broogh^a fro;^llfupply 
of proviGons, Briant purchafed a quadrant 
and compalTes of the Captain for fifteen 
dollars (it fhoold be noticed, that the Con- 
vids having no ufe for their money oo the 
(etO^mcnt, had all by t^em that they tuok 

out firom this country) ; and he procured th« 
fix-oared boat belonging to the veMel, with 
an old lug main-fail and fore-fail, but with* 
out any covering j aod then commu ideated 
his fuccefs to the above four men, and to Sa- 
muel Bird, William Martin, and JaroesCox.— 
Captain Smyth gave Briant loolb. weight of 
rice, and among them they bought of Robert 
Siddaway (a tranfport), who was appointed 
baker to the colony, loolb. weight of flour, 
at the rate of 2S. 6d. and is. 6d per pound, 
which, wi(h fourteen pounds of pork, that 
they believe was given to Briant by Captain 
Smyth, and ten gallons of water, was ^W the 
provifioos they had to undertake a voyage to 
Timor, which at the (horted was a run ol 
ilQO miles, but by the courfe which they 
were forced to take , was upwards of 5000* 
This Capuin alfo fup'plied them with twc^ 
mofquets, a fmall quantity pf powder, and 1 
few pieces of old lead. 

Every thing being ready, Briant acquaints 
ed hk wife with his determination, and (ha 
refolved, with her two infant children, to 
rifque their lives with her hufband ; and aC 
ten o'clock at night, on the a 8th of March 
1791, thefe eleven wretched people embark*- 
ed on board the fix-oared boat. 

To add to. the liorrors that were befors 
them, the wind was againil them — the Mon« 
foon was now fet in — ihey had five, weeks 
ioceflaot raio» out of the tea weeks all bat 
oneway which they were on their pafiage* 
and had dot a dry thread on them i for all 
the doaths, except thofe they had on, which 
they had uken with them, they were forced 
to tlirow overboard, in order to lighten tha 
boat. They ^ere forced to keep along tha 
coad, and occafionally to land, for the purpofa 
pf procuring frefh water ; and on all thefe 
occaAoos the natives came towards them in 1 
hoilile manuer in great multitudes $ (hen they 
dKoharged their mufquets, loaded witb 
powder only, and the natives immediately 
difappeared ; but if they ever ilspt on ihore» 
they were forced to keep a very (HrvSK 

In three degrees to the northward of Syd^ 
ney Cove they found great quantities of re- 
markable fine coal. In latitude a6 and 27 
they difcovered a fmall iliand, which we da 
not find in any ch^rt we have feeo-*it was 
uninhabited, and they here found a greaC 
quantity of turtles. Tome of which they driedj, 
and took as much to fea with them as lafted 
ten days. Here, in landing, their boat was 
fwampedy and they very near loft her aod 
their hves together ; but Providence pro- 
tected them, and they all landed fafc, haul- 
ing the boat high and dry after them i— tbey 
were at one time eight days out of fight of 
Uud, Jq cpi^mfrAtt th^ fu^ings of thefe 


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p«or cfeattires w<m1d (hock the feelingt of 
«ven the moft obdurate. 

On the ^th of June following^ they land. 
«d tt Co pang, a Patch fetlleroent on the 
^fliinrf of Timor, where they told the Gover- 
nor thegr belungeil to an Enghfh velfel, bonnd 
for Kew Sonth Walesa which had beta 
«i'recked ^ they were here kindly treated.— 
V/\m Miowed will be ibund iyy the teBi- 
mon^ of Captain Edwards. Thefe poor crea* 
ttws fiYoke in very high term? of Governor 
FhillipSi and added, that had they not been 
in danger of ftarvipg, and feen any probabi. 
try of returning (at the epcpiration of their 
femence) to £ngland| they would not have 

Ciptain Edwtrdt took all thefe poorcrea- 
fuf ei , «. iih him to Bdtavia, where Briant^ 
nnd hit fon Emannet Briant, died : from Ba- 
tavia he took a paflage with them in a 
Putch Aiip, cabled the Rambang, to the Cape 
pf Ootid ^ope. In the patfage Bird, Martin, 
imd Cox died. The furvivors he delivered 
to Captain Parker of the Gorgon, and he 
^roug^it t4«m home, but in the palT^gc Char- 
lotte li^iiant died. To the cre<)ii of CapCiins 
Edwards and Parker, thefe ilUfatcd people 
were never treated as prifoners, but mufteied 
with ihf crews of the veffels they were in. 

The fu0ering6 of thefe poor crea'ures at- 
IJjoft ditw tears from tho^ wi»o faw them, 
■nd h«ard ihcir tale; and Mr. Bond declared, 
•that in the couife of his long pra^ice, he 
never had a cafe before him u-hkh sff 6^cd 
Wm fe imichj he lamented that he was 
Obhpcd to do his duty by committing them 
to Newg te, hut cxpr.lfcd his fincere wi(hes 
Out the futferings they had undergone, and' 
the evident figns of repentance that they ex- 
hibiied, might operate upon the Court and in- 
duce it to difcharge ihem ; but the Court 
tJtd nut (be:ng unable J gratify h?m. 

Mr. Fof\er Powell, the cclcbratc«i Pe^ 
^.(\rian, left Shnreditch, London, on Mon- 
day morning the sd of July inft. a little after 
Cvelve o'clock; got to Stamford the fairc 
•)i^ht at eleven } to DoncaHer on Tuefday 
right a little after twctvc ; and a'-rivcd at 
York Minftcr en Wedncfday, at five mi- 
nutes paA three o\lock in the afternoon. He 
let off from Yoik. en his return to London, 
at thirty. eight* minutes part five the fame 
evening. A^tcr flecping at Ferry hritJgc he 
•rrucd at Doncaftcr on Thurfday morning 
abmit a quaritr before nine 5 and aker t;«king 
« refrtlhmcni proceeded on bis retuin, amidft 
nnmbtrs of people who accompanied him 
•nt of town, and got to Grantham the fame 
evening between ten and clewn ocUnk, 
wh re he flrpt. Early in the morning he 
purfued his jt u''ney, and arrived at Shore* 
iliuh' Charch^ amidA ih# acclamalioos of 

thoofands, on Sattirday, at thirty-five minotii 
pail one o'clock, beinj^ one hour and tw^ty<i* 
five minutes within the limited time. 

July 2. Yefterday niorning, at 7 o'clock^ 
Lord Lauderdale, attended by the Right 
Hon. C. J. Pox as his fecond, apd General 
Arnold, with Lord H iwke ns his friend, bad 
I meeting in a field near Kilborn Welts, to 
terminate a mifunderftanding which it waf 
found impofiible to c«^ncillate.— — Lor4 
Lauderd^e received the Ger^eraPs fire on* 
hurt, when his Lcrdhip declining to return " 
the (hot, the feconds Retired for about tea 
minutes, and the refolt was the fin*(hing of 
the affair. The Noble Earl, upon being de« 
fired to fire, obferved, that he did not corm 
there to fire at the General, nor could he rt^ 
traA the offenfive expreffions— if General 
Arnold was not Catisfled, he might fire nntrl 
he was. 

In the Court of King's Bench, before 
Lord Keoyon and a fpeciitl Jury, an- adion 
was brought by the Countefs Dowager o€ 
Civan againft Mr. TJttcrfall, "as Proprietor 
of the Morning Poft, for feveral falfe an^. 
roahc'ous libels againft her daughter Lad]r 
Eliz ibeth Lambert. After a hearing of two 
hours, the Jury brought in 1 verdiA of 
^oecl. damages — rGeoigeRofe,Efq. brought 
an i&H^n ag^iindthe Pnnterof the Morning. 
Pofl, for a Libel inferted in that Paper the 
1 3th of March laft. The Jury, which wat 
fpecial, ^ve the plaintiff a verdi6t, widi 
lool. damages. Another aAion againft the 
proprietor of the Morning- Poit for the fame 
paragraph received the fame verdidl. 

1 1 This day the Recorder made his report 
to the King in C)uncil of the piifoners under 
fentence of death in N^wg^te, convi^ed in 
May Serous,, when the following were or* 
dered for execution on Wcdnefday next, vig. 
Tliomas Gonley, for felonioufiy perfonating 
David R^mfey, a proprietor of 1300L Three 
per Cent. Annuities in the Bank of Englandp 
and thvreby cndbavouring te receive^the inr 
tcreft thc-ecm, with intent to defrand him 
thereof; William Randall and James Lem^ii 
Baker, for fek>iii»»i»fly fteahng in the dwelling 
houfe of Jane Mole nine gowns, three aproqSt 
twelve fitk handkerchiefs, a lol. Bank-note, 
^c. her property t and two fitk gowns, &c« 
the property of Cat!;erinc Gihb ns t William 
Cropper, ali is Cooper, for hrcakmg open the 
houle cf John Bateman, and fleahng a large 
quantity of filver and go»d phte, rings, fe.nfs, 
locketf, &:c. value 30I. and upwards, hit 
propel ty; and Geotge Smiih, alias SwalioWf 
for feloniouDy forging and counterfeiting a 
power of auorney, to receive tlu- wages doe 
to Edward CUi ke, IMe a mariner on board 
the Kent mcrchaniman| with ifitent Co Ue. 
frjittd P9u) Pca(i9. 


zed by Google 



Mary Smith, for privately fteaVing from 
the perfon oi John Cogle Uv^u guineas, one 
iulf-guoeai and fume 6Uer, his property ; 
■-ii Jihn Fiizierald, for robbing John Stan- 
y^rd on the highway of his hat, were order. 
eU to be iropfifoned Ax nionihs: artd the 
lo-I'w ng were ordered to be tranfportcd for 
life, VIZ. Andrew Davis, for robbing the 
Rijht Hon. George Marquifsof Huntley, on 
Ihe higliway near Cranford- bridge, of fix. 
f uioeas aad a chuife-ieat, coouioing a quai^ 

tity of wearing apparel 5 JinMs CafrftU, for 
robbing George Oliver on the iiighwav of a 
•aUtco . handkerchief i and Lawrence King* 
for privately ftealing from the perfon of 
Gtf<»rge EdrDonfton a cartihric h:^n<!k<rrchicf. 

July 24. Aft Extraordinary G'Z^'.te wat 
piibliOsed, containing^ Lord Coruwalii^ ac- 
count of the exchange of the definitive treaty 
of peacs with Tippoo Sultaun, aud ot}»er 
particulars^ which Ibali appctr ia our acxu 


EDWARD Haron Tburlow, hisMajefty's 
> Chaitccjior of Great Briciiin, and ibe 
Icirs mjle ot his ho^Vt Idvv fully begotten, to 
tbcdgoity o^ a Baron of the kingdom of 
Great* Britain, by the oamr, ilil-, and title of 
Baron Tburlow, of Thuilow, in the county 
ot SufollL, with remainders frveralW and 
fucciflivcly to Edward Tburlow, and Tbos. 
Tburlow, rfqrs. fons of the Right Rev, 
Tbos. Thurlow, late Lord Bilbop of Dui- 
bam', dec. and to the Rev. Edward South 
Thurlow, one of the Prebend »ri»s of ihe 
Cathedral Church of Norwich, and, the 
r.'fpedive heiis-male of their bodies, law- 
fully begotten. 
The Right Hon. Sir James Eyre, Lord 

Chief Baron of hU Majefty*s Court of £:^ 
chequer, Sir Wm. Hciiry AlhhurH, one of 
the jufticcs of his M^jcfty's Court of Kiog;^ 
Bench, and Sir John Wilfon^ one of th« juf* 
ticcsof his Majefty's Court of Comnoo 
Plcis, to be Lords Commiflioi>era lor th* 
cullody of the Great Seal. 

The dignity of a Baroncfs of the king^ioA 
oF Great Britain to Henrietta Laura Puhcncy^ 
only daughter ol William Pulteney, cfq. by 
Frdnres Puheney hit wifv, coulin a^d hcir 
at law to William, late Earl oi Bath, by the 
name, fliie, and tiile of Baronefsof Bath, in 
the county of Somrrfet, and the dignity qf 
Baron of Bath t» the heirs maUe ol her body 
lawfully begotten. 

MONTHLY OBITUARY for July 1792. 

March 13. 

AT CbarleRown South Carolina, in his 
73d year Dr. Andrew Turnbull, M. D. 
t native ot Aanan in Scotland. 

May 3. At Portfmouth in Virgmia, Dr. 
David Jack, foa of itte late Dr. Jack, of 

JuNt5. Philip Jiiftice, tfq. Draytoa, 

8. At Yarnley, aged 57, the Rev. Mit- 
thew Spry, one of the Prebends of Salilbury, 
Vicar of Yarnley and of S^nden, Herts. 

1%. In her 49th year, Mrs. Rachel Bar- 
day, wife of Mr. David Barclay, ol YouogC- 
bury in the county of Hertford. 

14. Mr. Francis Goudail, banker, of 

1$., At the Crown Inn at Penrith, Mr. 
Frederifr Snecdorff, a Dani.'h Gentleman, 
Profeffor of H^ltory in the Univerfity of Co- 
penhagen. He Joft hi> life by jumping out 
of the ftage coach which was run away with 
by the horfcs. . 

The Rev. Thomas Bowman, Vicar of 
Uaithsm in Norfolk. 

Lately, the Rev. Mr. Swadling, Rcdor 
of Kiiton Dear Biicigwell. 

16. Mr. Alex. David fon, Fcnchur-b-Hr et. 
Lately, Jsrome. Knapp, efq. Clerk of 

Affize of the Home Circuit, 

17. Mr. ^u^h PearioOflatt of Lymington. 
Mr. Thonas Clarke, many years one of 

tbe Yeomen of the Guard. 

tSk la his 834 year, Thomas Cogan, 
f%*9f I9i0ff;on» in the Com^iflioa of tht 

At Shillinglce Park, theCc«ntefsofWt«- 
teiton. She was daughter oi Rict>4rdCiM^ 
man, efq. of London. 

At Greenwich, John Madauria, «%. 
Captain of the royal navy. 

19. At Hampton Couit^ Jofeph MarryMl;, 

Lately, at Famboroogh m Kent, P-ettr 
Wynne, efq. 

go. At Potterela, Herts, Charles J)c L«dU 
^fq. F. A. S. many years in the Comnilfiai 
of I he Peace for that county. 

The Rev. Edward Emily, Mafteroftie 
Hofpital of St. Nicholas at Ciaft JHarnUii^ 
Prebendary of Combe and Harnhaim, Vicar 
of Gillin^ham, Dorfet, and ^6Uaoi W^ 
Lavington, Wilts. 

Mr. John Wainewrigkt, Homertoa, 

The ilight Hon. Lady Glentvonb, Udf 
of the ^cv, Cecil Pery, B.&op of Liincpcic^ 
who was created Baron Glentwonli ia t^ 
year 1 790. 

The Rev. John Potts, formerly Paftor of 
Crifpin-ftrert Meetin;;, near S pita)* (quase. 

21 . The Lady of Sir John Eden, fiait. 

John Mead, efq. in Molcfwonh-ftreci^ 
Dublin, late of fort Stewart Plaataciofi* 
, Jamaica. 

Mr. Samuel Scardefield, Student of P«n|- 
brokcUall, Cambridge. 

ss. At Read ng, ia bit ySih year, VL4f$L 
Schumberg, M, D. tormerly of B9th» Ha 
was the auibvr ol f«vcral literary pcr- 



S4. Kfr. JoKn Paul Berthnn, oftheRe- 
giftf r Office in tKc Court of Chancery. 

At. Lynn, Thomas Alderfon, efq. feniot 
Alderman of that Corporation, aged 83. 

t5. CharUs Smith, cfq. Capiaio of the 
Diana packet, from Harwich to Hclvoetiluyt, 
and late Adjutant of the Well battalion of 
the EfT X Militia. 

AtShcffirld, Jamei Walker, gent. 

16. Mr. Robert Gilfom, woollen-draper, 
ytnchurch-ftrecl. • 

Mrs. Mary Pattifon, at Burwa(h-boare 
near Woolwich. 

John Adam, efq. of M/rylwirgh in the 
county of Kinrpfs, father of William Adam, 
efq. M. P. 

17. John Morgan, efq. at Tredegar, Moo-- 
■nouthfliire, Member for that county. 

Chrift. Thornton, efq. at Caflle Carey. 

t8. Mra. Sheridan, wife of Ricliard 
Brinfley Sticridan, cfq. cidefl daughter of 
Mr. Linlcy. 

Sir Robert Strange, kntght, the celebrated 

Mrs. Temple, of Parliament-ftreet. 

Thomas Reid, efq. late AfT^xiate to Lord 

29. George Watkins, efq. late a Lieute* 
nant in the third regiment of foot Guards. 
• Lately, Marraaduke Peacock, cfq. at 
Clcve-hill, Irehnd. 

30. Mr. James Richard fon, late of 
Bed ford- fquare. 

The Ri^ht Hon. the Countcfa Dowager of 
Berkeley. She was one of the three daugh- 
-t^s of Mr. Drax, of Dorfetlhire, and was 
married to the late Earl of Berkeley 7th of 
May 1744. She afterwards married the late 
JSarl Nugent. 

July 1. Mifs Davis, bookfeller, corner 
•f Sackville-ftreet. 

John Searle, efq. at Grove near Tring, 
Hen ford (hi re. 

At Worcf flcr, on her journey to Chelten- 
liam, Mrs. Beniiiick, mother ofCspt. Ben- 
tine k. < 

The Rev. Mr. Hutchinfon, Vicar of Fcl- 
m'erfham cum Pavenham, formerly of Tri- 
aity College, Cambrrdge. 

2. Mr. Matthew Neibitt, one of the 
AUconrfers of the city of London. 

Jof. Brown fiunce, efq. Capt. in the Navy. 

Richard Gerrard, efq. Aliierman of Li- 
verpool, and Receiver of the Dock Duiits. 

Lately, in the 78th year of h s -age, the 
Rev. Dr. Heinington, Cannn of Chnft- 
Churcb, Oxford ; Vicar of Inchbarrow, 
Worcefterfhire ; end Chaplain of the Gar- 
rifon at Hull. 

3. George Simpfon, efq. Lieutenant of 
the 49th regiment of foot. 

Mr. Ralph Stanley' , at Mandiefter. 
Lately, Cohn Campbell, cfq. brother to 
X^rd Breadalhaue, 

4. Lady Aftley, wife of Sir Edward AfU 
ley, bart. of Mehon-ConfUble, Norfolk. 

Lately, Major Stritch, ol the Marines. 

5. Mf. William FifTier, late furgeo* oa 
board the Sqnirrel man of war. 

6. Francis Cooke* efq. Cafhier of bit 
Maiefty's Navy. 

7. At Some rfet- place, Edward Moore* 
efq. Receiver and Regtttel- of the Hackney- 

Mr. William Maynard, coal-vnerchant, 
Beonct-flrect, ChriftChur h, Surry. 

9. William Cu'tibcrtanrl, efq. Lieute- 
nant of the Royal Navy, and fourth fon of 
Richard Cumberland, efq. 

Jofeph BAnvard,cfq. at Rocheiler, aged 88* 

10, In Bridge-ftreet, Dublin, Jamca 
Shiel, efq. one of the Aldermen of that city. 

Sir Thomas Blackcti, bart. of Brettcm- 
hall, near Barnfley in Yorkfhire, in the 
70th year of his age. 

It. Mr. De Hague, Town Clerk and 
Podmafler of Norwich. 

Latclv, at Edinburgh, James Robert Bar* 
clay, efq. Clerk of the Signet. 

It. The Rev. Richard Frome, Minifter 
of the Di (Tenting Congregation at Pinner io 

AtColchcftcr, Wilt(bireWil{bn,*erq. for* 
merly Major of the firft oi Royal regiment of 

Lately, Mr. Scbonfield, Curate of Cob* 
bam, Surry, 

13. Mrs. Pitt, wife of Mr. Jofeph Pitt, 
attorney, at Cirencefler. 

Mts.Sitwell, wife of Francia Sitwell, efq. 
of Renifhaw-hall, Derbyfbire. 

Lately, aged 99, Mr. Jacob Harris, of 
Wyberton, Lincolnfhire. 

14. At Hinton St. George, in his 83d 
year, John Helyear, cfq. Juftice of the 
reace lor Somcrfetfhire. 

15. At Twickenham, Mr. Arnold Fin* 
chctt, f( n. formerly a tin-plate worker in 

t6. Charles Hinuber, efq. aged 68, one 
of his Majrfty's Sccrciaries for the Hano- 
verian AAairs. 

Lately, at the New Inn, Crackentborp* 
hall, Jofhua Nicholfon, cfq. of Appleby, 
Clerk of the Peicc fo;- the county of Well- 
moreland. Mr. Nicholfon jvas, with fcve* 
ral of the neigbouring gentry, invited to a 
chriftcntng at the above place, and, with 
Mrs. Hill, of Cr<ickenthorp, led off a coun^ 
try dance \ but had not gotmore than half 
down when he fell upon the floor, and ex* 
pircd immediately. 

18. At Brifiol Hotwells^ Lady Ann Hen* 
niker, wife of Str John Henoikcr, bart. 
of Newton-hall, Eflcx } eldcft daughter of 
Sir John Major, bart. and fifter of the 
Ducticff Dowager of Cbandos. 

19. Richard Steek, cfq. of the Office of 

Edward Bond, efq. brewer, of Golden* 

John Wallis, ef<j. Clerk of the Ffeacc for 
the county of Voxiu 

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Some Acooont ori>r. Jofq>h Black, M. I>>.93. 

Some AccottBt ol the Uce Coofpiracy in 
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Claodioe. A Swi(s Tale. From the 
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Aoftrer to T. W'c Biogmphical QUKreSy 91 

Aa Accoonc of the Life of Mr. Thomas, 
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Rdlet aod Maxims for pffowotin g Matri. 
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Fjlrtber Aotfcdotes off the late Mr. John 
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]>r. Sonierville*s HiAnry of Political 
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' ReAoratKm of King Charles the Second 
to the Death of King William,' 107 

CaemarvQDihire. A Skeuh of its Htf-' 
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Foems, by Charles James, ibtd. 

Eighty •nine Fugitive Fables ^ Moral, Pm- 
demM, and Allegorical I Original and 
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Miirphy'*t Deiigns of the Church 
Royal Mofiatiery of Batallia, in For* 
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live Accotmt of it, fcoa the Poctu» - 
path of Fr. Lttif d« Sooht 127 

Memoirs of the Literary and PbilofopbioO. 
^ Socie^ of MaocbeOer, VoL IlL 
[cootinuiidjf III 

C^ Forrd^'ft Voyage from Calcutta to 
theMergui Archipelago* lying en the 
£aa Side of tbcB^ of Bengal, [Coot]. I2t 

The Hillory of Rome, from the Fqihi<» * 
datioo of the City by Rnonulos to tho 
Death of the Emperor Marcos Auto* 
jiinov ^c. lie {coocloded]. lal 

Poems } chie^y bjr Gentlemto of Do. 
voofbire and .Cornwall. In Tjwo 
Volumes^ . 1%^ 

Bofweirs Liltt of jobnlbn, [Cantioned]» t|< 

A Sei^ttelto the printed Paper lately ck% 
^ttiated in Warwifkibire, by the Rev* 
Mr. Charles Curtis, Brother of Air.. 1 
derman Cortis,a Birmingham Refto%> . 
>c [conclodedl,^ i^ 

Proce^ agaio^ T. Pai^e*! ^^ &igbUi>9l. 
Maor *MJ- ^ .,4H 

AA Account of James Qg^in [continued J, 1 38 

Tte Leii»9rayep>of Mary Q^enof Scots 
[Set to MoficJ, 14J 

Theatrical Jc^roil i indudiog MHs»nv 
Claris firft appaarapce in *' T«or|o> 
One }** Fable and CbaraAer of << The 
Enchanted Wood}" '< Hail FcUffW. 
Well Met $*• and •* Crofs Fartners':-- 
Addreftop Opening the Theatre at Bir-^ 
mingUm with the Lady ftagdofpli jqI 
Mrs. SiddonSf . , . . 145 

Poetry ; including, Henry an^ Luc^, A^ 
Ballad t Familiar Bpiftle to a L^^ 
when laid up with the Cootj Harveft 
Home, Tranflated.from a Latiii Poeiiji 
of Jere. 'Benthani, Jun. B/q. by the 
' late Mr. John Ellis, Ice, #V. " S4f 

Eaft-lndia InteU%encey -tj^ 

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Monthly Chronicle. 

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all jlj 5I* 

s. d.|s. 
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1 1 10 



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Northampton 5 i 

















IX o 
o o 











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4 II o^ 

4 7,3 

Northumberl.4 8 J 





































01 I. 1 


73 »' 
84 10 
00 o 
03 5 

XOO o 

o a 




81 100 

8,1 10 • 

11 73 It 

00 03 7 

»» 43 7 

North Wales $ 
Sooth Wales 5 



t!3 3U o|o • 
>l 3 7" 9I0 • 



Bii;itoMt(rcR. THxuMeM. 

a7Vi9 — S6 64 — 

^^— ^9 — 67 ' ■ 63 — 

»9*^^9 — ^5 ■ ■ ■ 64 *- 

30-»ii9 — 84 — — i^ ^2 — 

' 3 '""SO -:" 07 ■'■ ' T" 60 — 


•^-^30— .25 r 68 — 

2-L30 —',09 — 70 -^ 

3— »9 —^3 
4— 29 — 07 

:. 5-30 -'60 

►.U-«30— 05 
7—30 — 01 
8—30 — i6- 

9-30— '5 

10—30 — 13 
f 1-^30 — 07 
12—^30 — 00 -»• 

'3-*9— 9« 
14-29 — 94 

»5— »9 — 97 
16—29 —78 

S. W. 





17—19 — 78- 
18 — 29 — 46 - 
19— *9 — 70 - 
*o— 29 — 87 - 

2X— 29 — 50 - 
»2 — 2f 36 - 

i3— »9 — 35- 
*4— *9 — 85 - 
15— »9-^8S' 


•57 — 
. 60^ 
-61 — 
.62 — 
.65 — 
.69 — 

N. N. E. 




s. s. w. 

26^19 — 69 — *- 6,5 — 
•7— *9 — 7J— -*■ 63 — 

Augoft 25, 1791. 
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3 per Cent. teq. 91 a 

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.A N D 


For A U G U S T 179^ 



QHtMISTRY 18 a branch of natural 
fcicDce which has bc«n rapidly ad- 
vancing for thcie laft twenty years. One of 
the principal caufes of this advancement is 
the difcoTerics of Joseph Black,. M. D. 

This ceiebrated perfon, who Hlls the 
chemical chair at Edinburgh, we have 
been informed, is the fon of an Iriflx 
Gentleman by a French Lad^. One of 
his brothers lives in London. He is 
now about 6 5 years of age, and has be^n 
Profeflbr of Chemiilry at Edinburgh 
twenty- fcvcn or twenty-eight years, in 
which Giuation he fucceeded the late Dr. 
CulJen, on his app-intment to be Profeifoi* 
•f M^clne. 

He wa^ Profeflbr of Chemiftry at Gbf- 
gow at tbe lime of his ele6lion to the Uni- 
verfity oFEdlnbiirgh. He took his degree 
of Phyiic in the Univer/ity of 
Edinburgh, and his thefis was on the 
fubjeft of Dijeftion ; which work may be 
tonfidered as the germ of his fubfeqtient 
important difcovei ics relative to magncfi* 
and other alkaline bodies. 

On the 5ih of June of the year 1755, 
his firik paper upon magnefia, quickiimo, 
and forae other alkaline bodies was read 
bet'ore the Literary Society in Edinburgh. 
This is the memoir which has immortaliz- 
^the name of Black, and the drfcoveries 
it contains have given biiih to the many 
beautifol fa^s in the new fyllem of 
chcmiHry. The experiments in this 
|»|>er are iimple, but ingeniouily dcvifcd j 
U is .coocife, y«rt perfpicuoully written, 
*nd the deductions lb jtift, tliat it is con^ 
fdercd to be a mott excellent model of 


compodtion^ reafoning, and 

Msgnefia alba had been hitherto cou* 
founded with ether abforbent earths, and 
it was now for the firft time diftinjg;ui(h^ 
clearly, by the chemical properties Dr. 
Black dlfcovered, to be a peculiar ipeci^t 
of earth. 

Magnefia- being found to differ fraQi 
other earths, its degree of affinity to 
acids was next invcftigated. 

In endeavouring to convert this cart^ 
into quicklime by fire, Dr. Black dif- 
covei^d, that a fubtile part was extricate^^ 
,in the form of air, wluch had been im* 
prifoned under a folid form, which ac* 
counted for the effervefcence with acid be- 
fort, but not after calcination. Calcintd 
magntjja, by a very happily-conqeived ext 
penmenr, was difcovcrtd to abforb from 
cqmmon vegetable alkali, as much aur as 
it bad loft by expofure to fire. Thus^ 
the fame air which was contained in mag- 
nefia, was detected in alkali, and likewi^ 
in earth of alum. From thefe difcoTeries 
the author acutely concluded, that the 
caufe of the caui^icity of quicklime wa^ 
the feparation of the above air by fir« 
from calcareous eaith, and that hme be<*, 
came mild calcareous earth by reuniting tQ 
this air. This theory was demonftrated 
by plain and incontrovertible experiments j 
and no wonder it fhould immediately 
fuppiant the bypothefis in vogut, that th^ 
caufiicity of lime depended upo6 the unioa 
of igjieoys j"»art!cles. ^ 

jLhne'bemg found tb take this air from 
alkalies, and to render them cauilic, the 

* By a miftske wbkh w« are forry for, thoiigh wt are unable to aitign any reafon for 
^•sccideoc, the name of this Oentleraan in the copper«plate is erroneonflj eillod PfifHani^ 
MMWJosfrHi « It ought to be, ^«^^^^. ^_^^.^ 



fame beautiful theory of the caufticity of 
lime was extended to thefe (alts; and thus 
the true reafon of alkalies being renderod 
cauftic by lime was given. 

Lime aHb was obftWed t« aftra6^ tRis 
fir from magnefift** This wk was Aewn 
to be difteicnt from the common atmo- 
ipheric air 5 that it was either a particular 
U)ecies of elaftic fluid diipcrfed through 
the atmoiphcre, or an exceedingly fubtilc 
powder. The great chemical philofpphcr 
named this fubftance fxed air^ as he 
himfelfwas awart, improperly 5, but his 
leafon was, that be was javerlejo i«ventf 
insT names. In this rcfped it were to be 
iwiflicd the learned College of Phyiicians 
of London had been influenced by the 
fame motive, as the public would not 
then have been troubled with the abfttrd, 
pr impi-oper and unneceflary names of 
kalu natron^ &c. 

This is. a flcetch of the luminous experi- 
' ments of Dr. Bbtck, by which were dif- 
covei-ed the peculiar nature of ma^efia ; 
the exiftencc of a newfpecies or air in 
mild alkalies, magnefia and calcareous 
caith 5 the cau(e of the effervefcence of 
ailkaline bodies when applied to acids; the 
OLxiCt of the lo(V of weight of thefe bodies 
bv acids or Are; that the caufticitv of 
alkalies and lime depended on the jepa- 
fatton of this new :^ir,' and the relative 
affinities of this new air to alkalies and 

Important as thefe fa£ls were, c&nfider* 
cd as belonging to the fubftance invelti- 
jgated by Dr. flack, they were infinitely 
inore fo on account of the new field they 
opened to the view of chemical philofo- 
|)hers, of fubftances of different fpecies in 
an aerial form, of which they did not en- 
tertain any notion bcfo« i the opinion of 
Hales, and others, being, that aeriform 
matter was of the fume Ipecies as that of 
the atmofphere, variouuy modified.— 
Thefe experiments at the fame time opened 
to the view of obfervers, the tranfitJon of 
elaftic rare fluids to a concrete ftate by 
uniting to difj^n-ent bodies, and the change 
from a folid to an elaftic form on their 
extrication ; an4 as 'thefe elaftic fluids 
were probably of as many Ipecies as there 
trc of liquid and folid bodies^ it was 
licgim to be confidercd, that aeriform 
bodies might poftefs affinities, and have 
as great a fbare in the compofition of 
things as '^cids, alkalies, jfc. of which 
the £rft inftanpes h^d been fliewti by the 
ifboVe paper of Dr. Black. 

This celebrated ProfefTor in his Ie£lure$ 
4iewed> tb^ the inflainmable air of tnetala 
^ ii^\l dipfcia^^'om fixed nu' i bu| 

never publifhing thefe experiments^ ht 
l)as never enjoyed the honour of the dif- 
covery of this elaftic inflammable fluid. 
, The firft offspring of thefe difcove- 
riks ^8, Bix)wnfi|g*-s Bxperin>ents on the 
aif of Pyrmont -V^ater, in which was 
fliewn the fixed air of lime-ftonc dif- 
covered by Dr. Black* Thefe were fuc- 
ceeded by the accurate and profound ex- 
periments of Mr. Cavendifh on fixed and 
inflammable air, with a moi excellent de- 
fcripdon of the apparatus for chemical ex* 
pcnmcnts on aeriform bodies. Dr. 
PVieftiey iiext eScfended the knowledge of 
the Pneumatic Chemiftry ; and theinvefti- 
gation into this branch of chemical philo- 
lophy foon after began in Sweden, Ger- 
many^ and France. In Fi-ance the 
knowledge of the properties of aeriform 
bodies fuggefted the new fyftem of chc* 
miftry which is now generally received, 
and the fountain from which it original- 
ly fprung was the above fet of expen« 
ments by Dr. Black. But philofophy is 
indebted to this PnjfefTor for niuch more» 
and without which the prefent do£bine pf 
the pneumatic chemiftry in particular, and 
the general theory of chemiftry, could not 
have been eftebliftied. We now allude to 
difcoveries communicated only in his 
le^hires, which he has been fo criminal 
as not to publifti, for by that condu6l he 
has impeded gi^catly the progrefs of 
fcience. Dr. Black, in conjunSion witH 
the late Dr. Irwin, profecute^ the 
en<}uiry into the fubje^ begun by 
AViicke and others, of the abforption of 
fcnfible heat by different bodies, Cq as to 
become latent, and of its extrication 
again in a fenfible ftate. Thefe expcri>» 
ments (hewed that HquUitj ^h^Jluidiy de- 
pend on a certain quantity. of heat entering 
mto the compofition of folid bodies,and be- 
coming latent, or being, as fome term it^ 
comb'mfdt liquid bodies anc!- elaftic fluids^ 
according to this theory, became folid on 
pariing with this combined heat : thus the 
phsenpmena of the produ6lion ofheat and 
cold during chemicaj union wei*e fatisfac- 
torily explained, and fome important 
practical applications have been made of 
this doSniie, witnefs Mr. \Vatts*s fteai|| 

Dr. Black isthe author of, 

I. Diflbitatio Inaug. de flumoire Acidq 
a Cibis Orto et Magnefia Alba. Ediub, 

1754- ^ * I 

1. Expenments upon Magnefia Alba, 
Qgickli^ie, and fome other al]^aline Sub- 
ftances. Effays Phyf. and Lit, yol. If. 
3* Experimei^ on jhe {"fopsiog-of 

Water, * Pliii- Tnuif. 177^^ 

.,„__, .^.^, Sgst 

FOUAUGUST 1791. 9% 

Some ACCOUNT of the late CONSPIRACY in SWEDEN, of 
J. ANKARSTROM, the REGICIDE. Commumcaied by a SWEDISH 

IMMEDIATELY after the King, on 
^ the mafqHerade given at the Opera- 
htn(t at Stockholm, the Dtght betwixt the 
i6ihand 17th of March, this vear, had 
been fhot through the back witn a piftol 
by a mal'que (who after this horrid deed 
i«K€teded to conceal bimfelf in the crowd), 
every neceflary ftep and meafure was taken 
'id order to dcte£l the culprit.— Sufpiciont 
icli on AnkarlhxNa in confequence of the 
dcpoiitiont made by a giinfmith and a 
culler. The ibrmcr of thefe having dew 
poled, that the pillols that had been found 
the enfuing morning at the faid place, on 
tbe floor> and then exhibited to him, as 
^ at to the whole body of gunfmtths 
acd cutleit (fumnnoned to give any infer- 
nation tbey coukl witli rape^l to thefe 
veapons), were the fame piAols that he 
i^nae dme ago bad repaired for one Captain 
AflkarfrnMn> who at the time brought 
tbon to him, and fetched them away { 
aad the cutler having depo(ed, that this 
w» the identical dagger likewife found, 
litd (hown to him and others, which he 
about the fame time had made on tlie re^ 
toi&ton ot the iame Ankarftrom-*up6n 
m& grounds orders ifltied for the irome* 
di»e appreheniton of this with-fo-much* 
rtaibn (mpefibed Ankarftrom, who, when 
tbe Commander of the Guards, that were 
coae to fecore his pafon, acquainted him 
wiUt hit errand, fummdertd his perfon, 
acknovrledged himfelf guilty, and exprefled 
bit r^ret at not having fucceeded to kill 
tbe King 00 the fpot— to ufe his own 
words, '« in liberating the world and his 
" coontry from fuch a Monfter and a 
*' Tyrant." Thia free avowal being re- 
ported to the then fittine Regency, far- 
tber orders were given for an immediate 
iaqoeft of this afl^r, and for the trial of 
Aakarftrom, wlio with others likewife ap- 
picfaended on fufpicions, grounded on the 
winex*s confeflion, of being more or lefs 
CQBOcmed in this Regicidei were brought 
before the High Court of Judicature 5 which 
Ccnst^ on proceeding to the examination 
^C^karilrom, received the following, and 
^ibout the leaft «ompulfioii, delivered con* 
^^BoQ| viz. That he Ankadtrom and 
Count Horn, after having conceived and 
*ft>hli(bed a kind of reciprocal friendfhtp 
and confidence, had to pne another dil- 
fie^ their mtiidt and fentiments refpeA- 
l¥th^^tical fitoatwn o^ the kingdom, 
*^ which they both weiv dilcontented f 
W ^^ that aa iifiitfi^oii ^ tht 

King was the only means and expe- 
dient for efft(^ing a change in the pre% 
fent government : That AnkarlUom^ 
prompted by perfonal revenge againft 
the King for an indidment of crimim 
UJk i/!ttjefiatis carried on on behalf 
ot the Cro\#ii againft him, and in con- 
fequence of which he laft year had been 
condemned to twenty years impriibn- 
ment, had offered hinrUelf to ferve as an 
inftniment /or this purpofe : That after 
this Horn and Ankardrom conceived a 
plan for carrying off the King by force^ 
during the oight, when deeping at his villa 
of Hag^,<and to conceal him: That, in or- 
der to explore ihe (ituaiion, and poflibility 
of executing this plan, Horn and Ankar* 
llrom, in the beginning of January laft^ 
walkcKl round and through the park, en* 
virons, and woods of Haga; but finding it 
too well guarded, and confequentlv too 
dangerouf an enterprize, they entirely re* 
iinquilhed this fcheme t That Count^Rib* 
bing, who, by his friend Count Honot 
was informed not only of all that had pre* 
Ceded, but likewife of Ankarftrom^s Jn* 
tenticn to affalFmate the i^ng, acceded to 
this alTociatioih and fixed a meeting with 
thefe two perfons at the eftate of HGa*n» 
fituatcd at a fmall diflance firom Stock* 
holm, called Hufrudftad,where thev agreed 
and refolved as follows : That the ICing 
ihould be aflainnated by Ankarflrom, ei- 
ther with piftols or a dagger, at an oppor* 
tunity when the murJerer could find meana 
to hide himfelf in a great croud \ and for 
this reafon the play or the i^afquerade waa 
cho.Cii, in preference to any other oppor i» 
tunity. Agreeably to this, Horn ana An* 
karftrom went to the play tbe 16th of Ja* 
nuary, where they had taken places near 
the box of 4he King, in order that the 
nmrderer (who was provided with two 
loaded piftols) might hnd an eafy oppor- 
tunhy to fire at tlie King when he came 
through :he covered walk, which he gene- 
rally pafled going to the play ; and that 
Ankarltrom, after having nred, might ruQ 
down the back-liaiis,'and efcape. But the 
King not going this evening torooflh the 
above-mentioned walk to the phjr, Aokar* 
flrom found himfelf thwarted m his de* 
fign ; he refolved therefore to avail him* 
(Hf of tbe opportunity of the next play, 
wbi^h was to be given two days after, but * 
was tliis time, by the fame event as be- 
imt^ frudfated in hts attempt. 
JBafflid in their ^guint wiihet, tht 



cenrpiratort m*t again, and agreed to try 
4hc next oppoitunity, which was a mafque- 
r««.lf, to be given the p-ght between the 
J9h and 20th of Januai^, where An- 
K:oitrom went; but not finding a luf- 
ficitnt crowd of people ilicrc, he alfo 
dcfened the execution of his criminal in- 
tent. The following day Ankarftrom 
Bjui Ribbing fet out for the Diet atGcflr, 
v/lwre the foniier, intending to commit 
ijje murder, always can;%; a pair of 
charged pillols about him, in hopes to 
meet the King, as he frequently d-d, 
w.ilking incognito. After the Ditt they 
returned to Stockholm, and it was ag^in 
dftemiincd to make another tiial on the 
^d of March, when another mafquerade 
was to be given ; but by the lame reafons 
as at the preceding, the alTailin was pre- 
'vented from the gratification of his pur- 
pole. A third mafquerade, which w?s to 
itave been given the 9th, was put off till 
the 16th, on account ot the rigour ot' the 
J'cafon during thefc days. Preceding to 
this malqtierade announced for the i6ih, 
the con rpira tors afl'embled at the chateau 
of Count Horn, where Count Ribbing 
imparted to them, that Liljehorn, Lieu- 
tenant -Colonel in the aimy, and Major 
in il>c Ki -'s Guards, had been infoi-m- 
ed by hiiu of the whole, anJ that 
he had ir.^mifed, that tlie regiment 
tituler his command, as well as the bat- 
t.dupns of ariilleiy then at Stockholm, and 
The regiment of the laie Qoeen Dowager, 
i\\ouU\ allisk in cjfe a revolution could be 
hnaight about j— that the Count Rib- 
liJn-; a!fa had imparted this lecret to 
' General- Ma)or Pechlin, who had like- 
wile promifctV his Rfiiibncc in bringing 
about the inteiwied revolution after the 
Kng\ dcHih. For thcfe leafons, an- 1 th it 
of kAV in particular thnt ihc fccitt now 
imparted to fo many mic;ht be l>eti-ayed, 
Count Ribbing fu;ih:r uj gal the iVwCcf- 
fi;y of the Kin;^'s Ipt-cJy alfallin.uion, in 
whch they all agrceil. The next day 
they met at Count Rihhing's lodjings^ 
where they mentioned to one another ih« 
drtfies each o£ them was to wtar at the 
"jnafqwemdc, and Ribbiu,? promil'cd to en- 
^.^gc as nv4i>y as he could get iheit, Ibc the 
I'akeofeniarppg the crowd. Pcchlin,whom 
they met aficrwards, promil'ed the (ainc. 
Every meafnre was now taken that the (liould not fviil — Ankarftrom, ac- 
c<m)junied by Horii,went home to thajgc 
his I idols (acctMding to his own confcl* 
iion), with one round ball, one fquaic 
^Uiuydevkn fmaii fliot, and fevennails. 
This being pt:i1ormcil, they both drcUcd, 
and went tt^ihe!* to the 0^»era-Houfe, the 
foimtr aiuitd with the above- mcnii^cd 

pirtols and a dagger. The King, not be? ng 
arrived^ entered the faloon fome time after, 
holding his Graml Equerry, Baron ElTen, 
by the arm, and walked forwards to the 
middle of ths theatre, where he (topped. 
Ankarftrom, oblerving when the K ng 
entered die room, did betwixt him 
and his company, and followed him at a 
fmall dift?.nce, and as foon as the King 
had (foppeJ chofe his 0-^iion behind a 
fcene, towards which the King turned his 
back, and difcluu'ged ore oi' his pidoU 
fo near that the eiul of it tonclied the 
King's domino. Having fired his piltol, 
nnd leeing that the King did not fall from 
the contents, Ankariirom drew his dagger 
in order to Itab the King, but wasTeued 
with a kind of trcmbimg, which made 
Um drop not only the pitiol, but aJlb 
the dagger, on the ground $ after which 
he walked away to conceal htmfelf 
amonffd the aowd, crying that a fire 
was broke out, in which he was join* 
ed by feveral voices. All now being 
performed, he fought for an opportunity 
to rid himi^lf of the other piftol (the con- 
tents of which were intended for himfelf, 
but his corn-age failed him), without being 
])erceived. In this he alfo fucceeded be- 
fore the gcjieral fearch came on $ for as 
ibon as tlie King was wounded the doort 
were (hut, fo that nobody could get away, 
and evei7-body was obliged to unmafk, 
and to be fearehed, and to write his name 
before he got out. Ankarftrom, after 
having undergone this ceremony, went 
quietly home, where he fta^ tlic next 
mornmg till he was taken into cuftody. 
After having, without any compunction 
foever, confefled his crime, and being by 
feveral convincing proofs found guilty, 
he was comlemneil to the highelt and 
moft ignominious pi^niHiment of his 
country, that of (landing on the pillory 
for three ilays in three different fouares, 
and to be publicly Hogged by the.lcaveti. 
ger's fervant on every fquare, and after 
that to be earned out of town, to lofe his 
I ight hand cut off by the fcavenger, and 
Jaitly, to be behc ided by the common ex- 
ecutioner, and his body divided into four 
pans, put upon wheels, to remain till it wat 
deftroyed }— the right-hand to be * put 
upon one wheel by iifelf.- 

Ankarftrom was a middle^ fiied man^ 
rather ftoirt, had a broad forehead, bhck 
large eye. luows, blue eyes, light hair, an 
aqtiiUnc inii'e,niort but !>road, black beard, 
and a full fate. He was always laid to 
have been of a cruel and revengcl«l difpo- 
iiiion i and that in his youth, wiitn getting 
Jiis education at the Univcrfity ot Upfal^ 
be i;cver was more deli^^bt^d than wlien be 

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zed by Google 


kimiclf, or any of bit friends, had an op- 
Dortunity to play tricks by which the Tuf- 
ferer was put in bodily pain and torture. 
He was of an ancient and rerpe6ted family, 
that before it was introduced into the Hoiife 
of Nobles {which took place the 13th of 
April 1678, when it got the name of A.n- 
karftrom) went under the name of Dep- 
kea. AnJcarlboih was a dtlcendant of a 
yqu Dg ei or lat^-adnpted bi-anch of the 
abovementioned family, who, aftt:r having 
finifiicd his education, entered into the 
military lenrice, and bought a commifllon 
of an £nilgn in the KtngU Guards, in 
which capacity he continued for fome 
years, till lie fell in love with a young lady 
of family and fome fortune ) and whom 
he, after having fold out of the army, 
married. As ibon as he was married ne 
retired to the country, where he rented an 
eftate belonging to anothei* gentleman, at • 
a ioiall diihincc (irom the capital. He was 
looked upon as a good farmer, but avari- 
cious to fuch^a degree, that he himfelf, iu 
dilguifc, went to the market to fell llie 
dittWcnt pfodu^s of the eiiate or farm. 
As to the other peri'ons more or leTs 

concerned in the abovementioned Res^icide^ 
th^ir names are, Bjelike, Baron j Ehreii- 
fv*ard, Baron j Hai:tmanrtoilf, Major in 
the Artillery ; Jacob Von Engcllroiu, 
Counlellor ot* the Chancery ; his brother 
Jean Von Engefti'om ^ and leveral otlicis 
iefs notorious. 

Baron Bjelike took poifon as he faw the 
guaixls arrive to arrelt htm, and ex}>iied 
a fliort time after \ one Horn hanged 
himlelf in the arreft } and anotiter alio 
took poifon. 

Ankarilroro, on the fir(F day of his 
ftandin^ in the pill9rv, harangued the 
people, and 'hoirt the whipping v*ith great 
fortitude. The fuccecding whippings af- 
feAcd him very much. . The Ckrstyroaa 
who attended him declared, that he ex- 
prelTcd the deepeft contrition For the hc?r- 
rible crime for which he iutfered, and f<fk 
the k«ene{t pangs of rimorlc, imploring 
the pardon cf his Sovereign and of the 
State, and deprecating the vengeance «f 
the Almighty, which he had i'o jiiiUyTn- 
cuired by the violation of one of the moft 
facr^ laws of God and of Man. 


{ WlTrf 

^HE Hving it a rcftory, and the church, 
*■• though mean, "is well kept. On the 
north fide, in thr-window, is a i^d role, 
the arms of the houfe of Lancafter, and 
loTBe broken figures. In tlie fouth win- 
dofw is a fine piece of foliage, and a monk, 
habited in blue over a fcarlet vcltment, at 
his devotions. In the fouth window, next 
the chancel, is the figure ot St. Paul, with 
his fword, well painted, and as well 

A VIEW. ] 

.preferved. In the north light is an angel « 
•a Monochrome, but his face is loft j and 
above bira a Madona with a child in lier 
arms. At the entrance of the church is a 
large fiat gravj iione, having the impref* 
fion of a laj'ge crol's on it. The fiXHit U 
very old, fopoorted by finall figures, clofe 
fct togetha'. In the tower are two belU 

LETTERS from KING CHARLES THE FIRST'S QUEEN, tranfiated from thfc 
FRENCH, marked Volume 7379, in the HARLEIAN CATALOGUE, in the 

£It is remarkable, that in thefe Letters Jthe Quet- n employs the Names oT Eflloc, Pym, 
Hampden, Lady Cariifie, and others of the Pariianicnt Side, to fignify the King," 
Herfelf, and otheraof the Royal Party; but whedier out ol* Whim, or to puzalft 
her Enemies, is left to the Rwader to determine.] 


Q^iEi* HcMRiETTA Maria to Kino 

Charles the First. 

My dear heart, 
■'THIS bearer Sklpwith, being come 
firom London with a pairpmt, 1 have 
been glad to make ufe of him to carry you 
thit letter i the fubjeA of which is, that 
the Lords Say, Sa]i(bury, Maiic heller, 
FyiM, asd Hampden, have lent this mu« 

fcnger to know of me if I \y\j hearken to 
a peace, and induce you to volume the 
treaty, and gr;»nt the terms propoled by 
them at Oxford * ; and that he could fhcw 
i'o many icafons for it, that I would 
agree to it ; and If you would hcai ken 19 
the overture, they would fend Manchcihrr, 
with foitie other Lords, and Hampden and 
• Stapleton to I'atisfy me j and have pro- 
iiiiled ilm bearer, that till his return 

• Xhc.T.eaty or fropofii ions at 0.^orJ is roentk)ncd hpy aJl'thinWfiJiQ.^'^ 



SfTex^t army fhotitrl not tdvance { wfitch 
I have thought for your fenrice. Send 
me an anfwer to (his letter fpeedily what 
yoti would have nie do, with pun^uaJ d\* 
re^^iont, and let nobody know anything 
of it but Culptpper • j for fecrecy it re. 
commended, and on my part 1 ihall keep 
it inTtolablir. 

7orkg tbis stktf Mmjf^ x^43* 


BmrUngtottt %$tb Fib. 1^3* 

AS ibon at I landed I difpatched 
Hogert to you ; but having learnt to* day 
that he was taken by the enemy, I iend 
thia bearer to give you an account of my 
Brrivai, vrfaich ha$ been very fttcceftfuly 
thank God t For at rough as the &« wat 
when I iirftcrofled it, it wat now at cahn, 
till I came within a few leaguet of New. 
•aftle, and on the boaft the wind changed 
to N* W* and obliged ut to make tor 
Burlington Bay, whore, after two dayt 
lying ia the road, our cavalry arrived. I 
inunediately landed, and the next room- 
ing the reft of the .troops came m. God» 
who protcfted me at fe?, hu alfi» done it at 
land, for this night four of the Parlia« 
ment fhipt came in without our knowledge^ 
and at tour o^clock in thenuMming we bad 
the alarm, and fent to the harbour to 
iecure our boatt of ammunition; but 
about an hoifr after, thefe four fhipa be- 
gan b furiout a cannonading, that they 
made ut get out of our bedt, and quit the 
viDage to them, at leaft ut women, for the 
foldicrt behav^ very reiblutely in pro« 
tecting the ammunition. I maft now 
play the Captain Baffa, and fpeak a little 
of myielf. One of the(e ihips did me the 
favour to flank my houie, which (routed 
the pier \ and before I wat out of bed the 
ballt whittled over me, and you may 
imagine I did not like the mufic. Every- 
body forced me out, the ballt beating 
down our houfet \ To, drtfled at I could, 
I went on foot fome diftance from the 
village, and got ihelter in a ditch, like 
tholi: vrt have (een about Newmarket; 
but before I tould reach it the ballt fung 
mrrrily over our heads, and a feijcjint 
was killed twenty paces ii-om roe. Under 
this ihelter we remained two hourt, the 
bullctt flying over ut, and fometimes 
covering ut with earth. At laft the Dutch 

Admiral fent to tell them, that if they 
did not i^ive over he wouk) treat them 
at enemies. Thit wat rather of the 
ktett, but he excufed himfelf on account 
of a fog. Upon this the Parliament fliipa 
went oft; and beii^lesthe tide ebbed, and 
they would have been in (hoal water. 

As foon at they were withdmwn 1 re- 
turned to my houfc, not being willing that 
they (hould boaf^ of having driven me 
away. About n«on I (ct out for the 
town of Burlington ; and all thit day 
we have been landing our ammunitioii; 
Jt is Aid, that one of the Parliament 
Captains went before, to reconnoitre my 
lodging, and I alTure you he had marked 
it exaSly, for he always fired at it. I 
can fay with truth that by land and fei I 
have been in fome danger ; but God has 
preferved me, and I confide in his good- 
neft that he will not defert me .in oth^ 
thingt. I protefl to you, in this confi- 
dence I would face cannon ; but I know 
we mufl not tempt God. I muft now go 
and eat a morfd, for I have taken nothing but three eggt, and flept very 


AS I wat dofing my letter (ir I*. 
Divet arrived, who has told me all that 
pafled at Hull. Do not loTc courage, and 
puxfue the bufmefs with refolutiou} for 
you muft now fhew that you will make g|0od 
what you have undertaken : If' the man 
who is in the place will not fubmit, you 
have already declared him a traitor. You 
muft have him, alive or dead \ for there it 
no joke in all thit. You muft declare 
yourfelf; you have fhewn gentleneft 
enough, you muft now fhew your fimu 
nefs t you fee what has happened from 
not having followed your firft refolution, 
when you decbred the five Members tt^i- 
tort $ let that ferve you for an example $ 
dally no longer with confultaiiont, bat 
proceed to action. I heartily wiftied 
myielf in the place of my fon James in 
Hull; I woula have thrown the fcoundrel 
Hotham over the wallt, or he fliould have 
thrown roc^. I am in fuch haftff to dif* 
patch this bearer, that I can write to no- 
body elfe. Go boldly to work, at I fee 
there is no bbpe of accommodation, &c ip. 

and thsrafbca won a 

* Culpepper was a better Coonier than Hyde or FtfUand, 
favourite. He was a man of a moCt acute pcoetfaUon. 

f This is pait of a icncr| and has no Uatt, The King nada kk aampt 00 HoUki 

*''^'*«*»- Goo 

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FOR AUG U St 179U 

C L A U p I N E. 



tjAPPFNING in the month of July 
"^ 17S8 lo be at Ferney, which ever 
fincc tlic death of Vohaire has Tcfembled 
one of tliofe dtf fated caftles which weit 
formerly inhabited bv Genii, I refolved 
to pay a vifit to the famous Glaciers of 
^avoy. A friend, an inhabitant of Ge- 
neva, had the goodnei's to accompany me. 
It is not my intention to dcfcribe our jour- 
ney : in order to fuit the prefcnt tafte, it 
would beneceiTary that I (hould adopt that 
ftyle, exalted, fublime, unintelligible to 
the profane, which a fentimental travell^, 
ifter he has advanced two leagues on his 
journey, cannot poflihiy do without: I 
muA Ipeik of nothing but my feelings, 
my fufceptibilities, and my extatic fenfa- 
tions ; but I niuft confefs that thofe 
phrales, although now fo common, ftill 
found ftrange to my cars. I have fcen 
MtMt Blahc^ the frozen ftd^ and the 
puree of the Averon, 1 long contem- 
pUted in Hlence thofe dreadful rocks, co- 
'tercd with hoar froft 5 thofe points of ice 
which pierce the clouds j that large river, 
which is called ttfea^ drreded in tht mid It 
«f its courfe, whole folid billows ap^r as 
if llill in agitation 5 that immenle vault 
formed by the accumulated Ciows of lb 
many ages, from whence there iflues i. 
foaming torrent, forcing in it5 courfe 
huge blocks of ice over the rocky preci- 
p ce$. The whole fccne imprelfed on my 
mind a mingled fenlation of terror and 
melancholy : methought I beheld the hor- 
rid fcene of nature without a ilin, aban- 
doned to the fury of the God of Temjiefts. 
Wtultt contemplating thcfe plealin^ hor- 
rors, I gave thanks to the Eternal Creatbr 
of ill things for having rendered them fo 
Qnconitnon ; and 1 longed for the mo- 
mem of n^y departure, that I might return 
to the valley, the beauuful valley of Ma- 
glan ♦. 'Inhere did I expe^l to confolc my 
jtddened eyes, in travelling (lowly through 
a beautiful country ; in contemplating on 
the banks of the Arva ihpfe rich carpets 
of verdurf , thofe ^tranquil woods, thofe 
enamelled meadows, thofe cottages, thofe 
fcattcxtd ho ifcs, in which my imaginatioil 
pielured an old man furrounded by his 
family, a mother fuckling her child, or 
two young lovers returning from the al- 
tar. Such are the views molt agreeable \6 

my eves : thefe are the fcenes which afFe^ 
my heart— which give rife to pleafing re- 
colle6lions, and to agreeable defnes. 

Oh my ' good friend Gefncr, you 
thought, indeed, as 1 do ; you who, born 
ih the mod varied, the molt pi6turefqu« 
douDtry in the world, the belt calculated 
to fiimiih you with defcription infinitely 
van'ed, you never, like fo many others, 
abufed the art of defcription, nor ever 
thought that a latndfcape, however brilliant 
its colours, could cio without figures. 
You fang the fliady woods, tlie vcrdanf 
ields, the limpid Itreams j but fliepherdt 
and rural fwains were never wanting to 
inculcate leifons of love, of piety, or of 
beneficence. Reading you, the pleafcd ey# 
runs over tlie landfcape which you hav« 
defcribed j and the mind, Itill more dfc- 
lighted, is ameliorated by ufcful precepts^ 
and enjoys a delicious calm. 

Such were the ideas that employed my 
mind while defcending from Montanverd 
on my return from the frozen fca. After 
tWb hours of a painful journey, I arrived 
at the fountain where I had reitcd in th« 
morning. There I again wiflied to re* 
pofe myfclf J for though 1 am no admirer 
of torrents, I am very fond of fountains | 
befides, I was extremely fatigued. I en- 
treated my brave and honcft guide, Francit^ 
Paccard, to fit down by me, and we be* 
gan an excellent converfation concerning 
the manners, the charaftcr, and the mod« 
of living, of the inhabitants of Chamouny. 
1 was pleafed with the good Paccard's ac- 
count of thofe fimple manners about which 
it is io pleafing lo converfe were it only ta 
regret them, when a beautiful girl came 
and offered me a balket of cherries. I 
took tliem and paid her for them. At 
feon as Ihe was gone, Paccard fdid to me, 
laughing^ •« About ten years ago, in the 
very fpot where we now are, it colt one o( 
our y«>un2 peafants very dear for coming 
to offer a balket of fruit to a traveller." I 
begged of Pactard to relate the ftory. "It 
is lomewhat long,** faid he j *« 1 hav« 
learned the molt minute circumitances of 
it from the Curate of Salenchcs, who 
himfelf bore a confiderable part in it.*' 
' I preffed Paccard to relate to me what he 
had heard from the Curate of Salenches j 
and being bothfeated 91I the ground/lean- 

* A charming ralley Qo the banki of the Arva> whicb U paUiNl on tb< read te 









ing our backs againft two afti-trees, and 
eating our cheiries, Paccard tlius began 
bis tale : 

** You muft know, Sir, that our valley 
of Chamoyny, ten years ngo, was not Co 
celebrated as it is now-a-days. Travellers 
did not then come to give u^ their gold 
for the fake of looking at frozen fnow and 
picking up our pebbles. We were poor. 
Ignorant of evil, and our wives and daup;h- 
ters, employed in the cares of the family, 
were ftill more ignorant than ourfelves. I 
mention this that you may have fome cha- 
rity for the fault of Claudinc. The poor 
child was fo ilmple that it was an eafy 
matter to deceive her. 

" Claudine was the daughter of Old 
Simon, a labourer at' Prieuit; •. This 
Simon, whom I knew well, for he has 
only been dead two years, was the Syndic 
of our parifti. All the country relpe^led 
him for his probity j but his charadcr 
was naturally fevere : he pardoned no- 
thing to himfelf, and very I ttle to otheis i 
he was equally efteemed and feared. If 
«ny of our neighbours had quarrelled with 
4ii8 wife, or di-ank a glafs too much on a 
holiday, he would not have dared to fpcak 
to Simon the whole week. When he paf- 
fed, even the children flopped their noiie { 
they took off their hats, and never re- 
turned to their amuTements till M. Simon 
was at a diflance. 

** Simon had reqnained a widower (ince 
the death of Madelene his wife, who hnd 
left him two slaughters. Nanette, the 
eldefl, was well, enough ; but Claudine, 
the youngeft, was an angel of beauty.— 
Her handfome round countenance — her 
black eyes full of animation— her thick 
eye-brows — her little mouth, the very pic- 
ture of that gherry — her appcaiance of in- 
nocence and gaiety, made all the young 
men of our village her admirers j and 
when on a Sunday ilie joined the dance, 
W'ith aveft of blue cloth clolely fitted tohei* 
iinelhape, her draw hat ornamented with 
ribbons, and her little cap, which could 
jhardly contain her beautiful hair, it was 
who mould have the honour to dance with 

** Claudine was only fourteen 5 her^ 
iifter Nanette was nineteen, and commonly 
xemained at home to louk after the affairs 
of the family. Claudine, as bting the 
youn^^cft, took care of the flock which 
gi azed on Montanverd, She carried with 
her her dinner and her diftaff, and palfed 
the day in finging, in fpinning, or chat- 

ting with the other flicphcrdeffes. In the 
evening ihe came home to Simon, who 
read fome portion of the Bible to his 
daughters, gave them his blefllng, and, 
then all the family went to bed. 

" About that time ftrangcrs began tq 
vifit our Glaciers. A young EngliHunari 
of the name of Belton, the ion of a rich 
merchant of London, in paffmg through 
Geneva to go to Italy, had the curio- 
fity to make the' tour of Chamouny* He 
topped at Madame dcCouteran'sf ,and tho 
next day, at four o'clock in the morning, 
he afcended Montanverd to fee the frozen 
fea, condu6lcd by my brother Michael,, 
who is now deacon of the guides. He re- 
turned about eleven, and relied himfelf as 
we do by the fide of this fountain, when 
Claudine, who tended her /heepjuftby, 
feeing him veiy much heated, came to offer 
the fruit and milk (he had for her dinner. 
The£ngli(hman thanked her, looked at her 
very attentively, and offered her five or fix 
guineas, which Claudine refufed | but poor 
Claudine did not refufe to take Mr. Belton 
to fee hei flock, which (he had left among 
thefc lofty tiees. He defired the guide 
to wait for him, and departed with Clau* 
dine. He wzs abfent for two long hours* 
As to the fcquel of their conver^tlon, I 
cannot Indeed repeat it to you, as nobody 
heard it. It is fufHcient to knew that Mr. 
Belton fet out the^ame evening, and that 
Claudine, on her return home to her fa* 
thtr, appeared penfive and melancholy, 
and had on her finger a beautiful emerald 
which the Englifliman had given hei*. 
Her fifter alked her where (he got that 
ring: Claudine anfwered that ftie had 
found it. Simon, with a difcontenttd air, 
took the ling and carried it to Madame de 
Courteran, in order todilcover the ptrfon 
who had loll it. No traveller ever" claimed 
it. Mr. Belton was already fai- off, and 
Claudine, to whom the emerald was re- 
turned, became every day more melan- 

** Five or fix monihi thus pafled away. 
Claudine, who ev^-ry evening remrne4 
with reddened eyes, at length refolved to 
confide in her filler Nanette. She con- 
fefled that the day Ihe met Mr. Belton on 
Montanverd, Mr. Belton had told her that 
he was in love with her — that he meant to 
ftttle at Chamouny never more to leave 
it, and to mairy her. *' I believed it,** 
added Claudinc, ** for he fwoie it to mb 
hiorc than a hundred times. He faid, that 
bufinefs obliged him to return to Geneva | 

• The principal village of the valley of Chamouny, 

t The well- known name of the AliArefs of itie mod aticient Inn i^hamouny. 

Jigitized by V3 ^ ^ ,^ ^ ^ 





but thit in a fortnight he would again be his daughfer. The Curate threw him- 

herej that he would buy a houfe, and that ftlf upon him, and difarmtd him; and 

our marriage (houid take place imme* by roufing his attention to the duties of a 

dtately. He fat down bellde me, em- Chriftian, by lamenting his misfortunes, 

braced me, called me his wife, and gave and Oiaring in his grief, he at length pre- 

mt this beautiful ring as the token of vailed fo fir, that old Simon, whofe eyes 

our marriag;. I dare not tell you any had been hitherto dry, his lips pale, and 

more, my filler, but I have many fears j 
I am very ill $ I weep all day -, in 
vain do I fix my eyes on the road to 
Geneva, there is no appearance of Mr. 
BcJton !'* 

" Nanette, who was juft married, prefTed 
poor Claudine with queftions. At length, 
after many tears, (he learned that the 
Englifhman had bafely betrayed this fim- 
pie and unhappy girl, and that Claudine 
was with child. 

•* What was to be done ? How was it 
poffible to announce this misfortune to the 
terrible M. Simon ? To conceal it from 
him was impoiCble. The good Nanette 
did not augment the del pair df her fifter 
by tifelefs^ reproaches : ihe even endfea* 
Toured to conlble her, by exprefling hopes 
of a pardon which (he knew would not be 
obtained. After long con(ideration Na. 
Dene, with her confent, went to find our 
good Curate, and confided to him the 
whole fecrct — begged of him to mention it 
to her father— to endeavour to appeafe hb 
.wrath, and try to lave the honour, or at 
kail the, life, of the unhappy vi^lim of de- 
ceit. Our Curate was much hurt at the 
news 5 he,. however, undertook the tafk, 
and repaired to the houl'e of Simon at the 
time when he was futc Claudme would be 
•poo Monianverd. 

" Simon was as ufual reading the Old 
Teftament. Our good curate down 
by him, and began to talk of the beauti- 
ful ftories which are conuined in that 
divine book $ he dwelt particularly on 
that of Jofeph when he pardons his 
hrcthrcn---on that of the great king 
David when he pardons his. fon Abia- 
lom, and many others I do not know, 
but arc well- known to the Curate.— 
Simon was of the fame opinion. The 
Curate faid, thai God had gnren us thofe 
ocamplcs of mercy, that we in like 
maDoer, being compafTionate to others, 
might, at the laft day, expeft to find 
mercy fircim the Father of All. All this 
>"^ laid in a much better manner man I 
can tell it you ; but you may cafily con- 
cciFc that oor Curate endeavouied to pre- 
pare iht old man for the inception of his 
Md news. He was long of 
inghim— atlad he did, and iiarti^ig up, 
palf, and trembling with rage, he I'etzed 
^ mufltct with which he u(ed to hunt 
Ik chinioI$, and w^s rui}ung fuxth tct kill 

his whole fi-ame convulfedj fiink back 
into his chair, covered his face with hit 
two handf, and burll into tears. 

" The Curate allowed him to weep 
for fome time without faying a word ; at 
length he wifhed to confult with him re- 
lative to the meafures it was nccefTary to 
take, in order to fave the honour of 
Claudine j — but Simon inteniipted him. 
•* MafterCurate,*' laid he, *< it is impolTible 
to fave that which is loft ; every means 
tliat we could take would render us more 
culpable, by obliging us to tell lies. The 
unhappy wretch muft no longer remain 
here 5 me would be the fcandalof us all, 
and thepunifhmentof her father ; let her 
be gone. Mailer Curate j let her live, 
fince infamy can live, but let me die far 
diftant from her : let her depart this very 
day; (he mud leave this country, and 
never let her again prefent hei leu before 
my grey hairs,which (he has difhonoured.*' 
" Tne Curate tried to ibt'teu Simon, but 
his effuits were in vain. Simon repeated 
the poHtive order for the departure of 
Claudine. Our good old Curate was 
going away in fadnels, when the 
old man ran after him, brought him back 
into his apaitment, and (hut the door ; 
then putting into his hands an old purfe 
of leather, containing fifty crowns^ 
** MafterC urate," laid he, •« this wretch will 
be in want of every thing.— Give her thcfe 
fifty crowns, not as from me, beware of 
that, but as a charity from yourfelf.— Tell 
her, that it is the goods of the poor, which 
companion Hiduces you to be/iow on 
vice } — audi! [[you could wiite to any one in 
her favour, or give hct a letter of recom* 
meudation— I know your goodnefs, and I 
neither wifh to hear or to ipeak any more 
about her." 

" The Curate anfwered him by a 
fqueeie of the h;iod, then ran to meet 
Nanette, who was waiting for him in the 
dreet, more dead than alive. **Go inftant- 
ly,'' iaid he, " and pack up all your fi(ler*s 
clothes, and bring them to my houfe.'* 
She obeyed wiih tears in her eyes, bcine 
but too fure of what had happened, and 
put into Claudine's bundle the little 
money (he was miil« cfs of. She then re- 
turned to the Curats, who related to her 
the converfation he had with Simon, and 
gave her a long letter for the Curate of 
Salenthe^, aad laid to her, «* My dear 

XT _ . KllM 



vhild, vou muft this very day conduft 
your filter to Salenclies j give her this 
purfe, and this letter to my gdod brother. 
Accompany her to the village, and then 
return to your father, who has occifion for 
your wifilom and virtue to leflcn the 
chagrin produced hy the conducl of your 
fifter." Nanette, fighing, went in queft of 
her filler on Montanverd. She found 
Claudine ftretched weeping on the ground ; 
but V hen (he heard that her departure 
THuft he immediate, (he fcreanied, and tore 
her hair, repeating continuaily, ** I am 
baniflied with my father's curfe 1 — Kill 
fne I my filler, kill me ! or I will throw 
njWfelf over this precipice/* Gradually the 
fcjcame morecalm,by promifmgthatthlngi 
might ft ih be made up. At length Claudine 
rcfolved to fet out, and at night- fall they 
took the road to Salenches, avoiding our 
village, where, notwithftanding the dark- 
• Jiefji, poor Claudine would have thought 
that every one faw her crime painted in 
her face. 

« It was a melancholy journey, as you 
may eafily imagine, nor did they arrive 
till break of day. Nanette took her leave 
of Claudine before they entered the village, 
and, after preiTing her a long while to her 
bofom, left her, being nearly as miferable' 
as her unhappy filler. 

'* As foon as Claudine found herfelf 

alone, all her courage deferted her ; fbd 
hid henelf in, the mountain, and paflT^d 
the whole day without taking any nourifli- 
ment j but when the night drew on, her 
fears forced her towards the, whcro 
(he enquired for the h jufe of the Curate, 
and knocked fofily at the door, which 
W.1S opened by an old houfekeeper. 

** Claudine fald (he ca«T»e from M« 
the Curate of Prieure. The houfekecper 
led her dirc^lly to her mafter, who was 
then alone, eating his^f ipper by the cor- 
ner oi his fire. Without utterinfij a 
word, or lifting her eyes, Claudine, 
with a trembling hand, delivered the 
letter, and, whilft die Curate drew near 
the light in order to read it, the poor girl 
covered her face with h?r hai ds, and 
dropped on her knees near the door« 
The Curate of Salenches is a good and z 
woithy man, and is refpefled as a pai-ent 
by his whole parifli, Wlien he had 
fini(hed tl»e letter, and tuning his head 
faw this young girl on her knees, and 
bathed with tears, he alio wept. H« 
raifcd her, praifed the fincerity of her rc-» 
pentance, gave her hopes of pardon for a 
fault that had coft her fo many'teais^ and 
obliged her to eat in fpite of her refufal, 
and calling his governefs, defired her tci 
prepare a bed for Claudine." 
( To hi continued. ) 



npHE Forbes mentioned by Johnfop 
-■• as an exception to the general defi- 
ciency of literature amone the Scotch 
Cle gy, was certainly not the Lord Pre^ 
fidcnt Forbc!*, as a(ferted by the Scotch 
Clergyman, Vol. X. p. 334, but a John 
Forbes, Clergyman, of the laft century, 
as your Correfpondcnt T. W. obferves in 
■your' laft January Magazine, p. 42— 
<* but whether of the tpifcopalian or 
Prefbyteiian perfuafion," adds T, W, 
♦' I will not take upon me to fay*" 

He was fon to Patrick Forbes, Bi(hop 
of Aberdeen, who, and not John, was 
author »f the Commentary upon the Re- 
vclations' publifhed at L'>ndor 1613, and 
die^l 1635. This J. hn, one of the raoft 
learned men of his age, fucceeded his 
father in that di.ccfe, which dignity he 
'enjoyed but a very (hort time, being foon 
after expelled by the Covenanters. After 
which he retired into Holland, and for 
fome time fupported himfelf by coiyefting 
the Elzcvirean Prefs j but returning to 
)hs natiye country, he died in 1 64.8, and 

lies byried in the Cemetery of the Cathcn 
dral of Aberdeen. He was author of thp 
ttAfO Treatiffs mentioned by T. W. and 
of another very learned work, H'tjforicaf 
and Theological Inflhuies, An edition 
of his works was printed at Amllcrdara, 
in Two Volumes Folio, 1703. 

Your Correfpondent might hive added 
to the ftrcnuous" and vehement oppofition 
of the Pre(byterian^ to the Toleration 
granted the other pirty by Quten Anne, 
that the General Aflembly in 1 71 1 deputed 
three of their Members, of vhom the 
pious John Willifon, of Dun lee (the 
Wilfon of Scotland), was one, to foliclt 
the Queen and Parliament agalnft the 
paifing of fo obnoxious a law. 

In anfwcr to your ' Correfpondent 
T. W. February Magazine, p. 106, Dr. 
Hicks is mentioned in the Schedule of the 
Succeflion of the Scotch Bifhops who 
confecrated Dr. Seabury the fint Ame- 
rican Bifhop, as being one who, wmi 
two of the deprived Englilh Biftiops, 
confecrated Dr. Gadderar Titular Bilhop 
^,y,.._., ^ ..^ of 



of Abcrdf*n. I rpmembcr to have read* 
I think upon what was called Layer's 
PU, of a prilbner coming to the bar in 
Kis gown and caflbclc, and prodvicin£r, on 
being demanded by the Judge, Letters of 
Orders, iign^ Geo. Hicks, Epif. de 
Theiford, the Judge ordered him imme- 
dbtdy to be dilrobctl by the gaoler. 

The account of Mafinry, iJ, p. 114, 
svbicb I ba'ue writttn, fays Lieut, Drake, 
as well as the derivation of the word 
Curate, &c. is extrafled from a pam- 
phlet entitled «* The Way to Things by 
Words," pub:iihed without any author's 
pamc *, bttween twenty and thirty years 
, ago, if I remember right, by Hooper, 
Hoi bom. 

Inrcturnfor the. above, T (hall beg the 
favour of iome of your mnny learned 
Correfpondents to inform me of any' par- 
ticulars concerning Prter Lowe, whole 
Theory of the Tooih ache the late Dr. 
Cullen, of Edinburgh, is faid to have- 
adopted in the latter part of his pra^ice^ 
and invariably to have prefcrlbed his mode 
of treating that difeafe. ♦ He is not men* 
t'oned, as far as I lecolle^V, by Mackenzie 
in his Scotch Writers, by Freind in his 
Hirtory of Phyfic, nor by the Do^or ia 
his Introduction to the Materia Medica. 
Your*s, &c. 

•N. K. 
Julj 12 tb, 1792. 

An ACCOUNT of the LIFE of Mr.THOMAS, one of the FORTY MEMBERS 

.was born in 1732, at Clermont in 
Anvergne, the country of the celebrated 
Pafcal. He received from his mother a 
^cre.and almoft Spaitan education. The 
three children of that eftimable woman 
were brought up under her own eyes* till 
they hatl arrived at upwards of twenty 
years of age. In their early (ludics Ihe 
chofe for them younj^ mafters, Whom Ihc 
fuperintcnded herlelt. Whilft the tutors 
Were attending lectures on Philolbpby or 
Theology, (he fet her children to recite 
the Elements of Grammar, exercifing their 
memories previous to the ripening of their 
judgments, which flife promoted by reflec- 
tions on (he good or bad a^lidns tliatpaifcd 
before their eyes. Their youthfiil heaiis 
^ere formed to virtue by indirect leflTons, 
and cdiual examples, the application of 
which (he left to themfelves. The terms 
of duly and goo4nefs, faniiliarifed to them 
by iier conduft, were rendered attraftive 
by ihofe of g'ory, reputation, honour, and 
fnccefs. All her children devoted thcm- 
fclvts to literature, and began their career 
in life with delivering as protcflbrs thofe 
kiTons which they had received as pupils. 

Joseph THOMAS,thceldeft,announced 
what be was capable of by liisv poetical at- 
tempts, and by a Comedy Jntitled 
Pleasure, performed with fucCefs hi 
>74-7> when lie was onc-and-tweniy years 
old. At twenty- two he died. 

John Thomas, the fecond, acquired 
grtat reputation in the Univerfity of Paris 
&y his Latin Poetry. He taught only the 
fitments of Grammar ^ but he poffefTed 
^ aft of rendering them lefs dilHcult and 

unpleafant than ordinary to children,whom 
he greatly loved, and of whom he retained 
the affe«^ing fimplicHy. He died in 1755. 
Anthon,y-Leonard inherited the ta- 
lents of thclc two victims of their application 
to learning. In his early youth no fymptoms 
of what he was one day to be appeared. 
Educated at home till he was nine years 
old, he was grave and filent. At ten, 
carried to Paris, the difcipUne of a fchool 
appearpd to him liberty. The hours of 
lecrcation were fo, indeed, to one whoiis 
every moment had hitherto been employed 
in ftudy ; yet, which may feem aftonifli* 
ing, he afterwards became enamoured of 
what muft have been tlie torment of hit 
early years. But it is the nature of vigo- 
rous minds to acquire llrengcii from la- 
bours that do not totally overpower them. ^ 
His youth was fignalized by victories i 
and when in one year he had obtained the 
firft prize of Rhetonc only j:hiee times, and 
but a fecond prize in Greek, he flied tears 
of vexation. 

His tafte for poetry was deciiled, but ho 
was dciigned for the bar. Implicitly obe- 
dient to the will of his mother, he commit- 
ted to the tiames his half-iketcheJ pieces^ 
and repaired to Clerrtlont,. to dedicate 
himrelf to ftudies repugnant to his tafte. 
W hi lit thus engaged, news was brought 
that his brother John was at the point of 
death. Though naturally of a weak con- 
ilitution, he prevailed on his mother, he- 
litatin^ between afft6tion for one child and 
fear ot expofin^ to danger another^ to take 
him with her to Paris. Travelling day 
and night, they performed a journey of 
near three hunarcd miles in eight-and-torty 

9 It wa9 written by Mr, Cleland. 


^^Jfized byGoOPj^ 





hours. The fight of thofe he loved re- 
vived a little the dying youth j but the 
ij>ring« ot" life were nearly exhuii(bd, and 
in a few days he expired in their arms. 
His mother, who had never in her life 
faid to him, //ly diar cbild^ who was ac- 
cuftomed to laviHi on her Tons the cares, 
not the words, of tendemefs, was incon- 
fjlable. But (he had one fun left to min- 
gle his tears with hers. 

Regretting, as he never afterwarda 
ceafed to do, the guide of his early ftudies, 
the rival of his' literary labours, and the 
laft friend and companion he had received 
from nature, his reflections were turned 
to the fliortnefs of life,- the infigniAcance 
of things tranfitory, and thft importance 
of that eternity wnich abforbs all being, 
«nd all time. Hence arofe In him a moft 
fervent devotion, which, with his gentle- 
nefs and modefty, endeared him ftill more 
to a family of which be was now the only 

On his return to Paris, his friends of- 
fered him a Chair in the College of Bcau- 
irais \ and this he accepted, as more con- 
genial to his feelings, though lefs fplendid 
<in appearance, than the profeflion for 
which he had been deiigned. He bad nof 
heen long in this fituatiou before his poeti- 
cal talents began to be dilii^guiOied. 
He addreflTed an ode to M. de Sechelles, 
then Comptroller - General, which the 
Uiiiverfiiy took a pride in prefenting to 
the Mini iter. This procured the Univer- 
iity a confiderable augmentation on its 
twenty-eighth of the revenues of the poft, 
of which it had been the inventor. Such 
fiiccefs encouraged our young author, 
v^hofe firit public attempts in poftry and 
eloquence were a liitle poem on Jumon- 
\illc, and an elogy on Maurice of Saxony. 
■ A Man - of Letters ♦, at that time rich, 
• but who aftci-wards impoverilhed himfeif 
by his beneficence and taftc for elegance, 
ofTtrcd him a pcnOon of fiKy pounds a- 
ycar, till the tewards due to bis talents 
llu,ul J itx him above the want of it. The 
motive of iuch an offer was highly grati - 
fyin^ to tl)^ young man, but he would 
not accept it without coniulting his mo- 
.thcr 5 who, with becoming pride, adviJed 
bim to owe his living rather to his own 
talents tlian to the generofity of others* 
Mr Thomas, in conlequence, refufed the 
generofity of Watelet, accepting only his 
triendihip, which he repaid with his own. 
This he always retained for a man who 
bad with Aich liberality fought to ferye 

him, without oftentation, and merely from 

The Duke dc Praflin, who loved lite* 
rature more than Men of Letters, being 
at this time Miniller for Foreign Affairs^ 
offered him the confidential place of Se- 
cretar) , which jhe accepted. Whilft in 
this office he compofed the Eulogy of 
Suily. Having .painted in it, wiui the 
glowing colours of indignam virtue, the 
depredations of Excifc officers and Cour- 
tiers, the companions or accomplices of 
the Duke d'Epernon, he had the courage 
to read, it to M. de Praflin, and the Mi- 
nifler had the good fenfe to applaud it t 
He did more j he obtained for his Secre- 
tary a permanent place, hke many others 
ufelefs, but ferving to give a Man of Let- 
ters a title to reward from the King. 

On a vacancy in the French Academy 
happening, the Duke de Praflin told him, 
tliat he was called to it by tlie public 

S>inion, and the wifbes of the judges, 
aving five times obtained-from the Aca- 
demy the Prize of Eloquence, he had 
fome claims' to a feat in it, and accepted 
the mediation of the Duke. His aftoni/h* 
mcnt was not fmall when he found that 
he had been fet on, not from friendfhip to 
himfeif, but from enmity to a rival. This 
was Mr. Marmontel, whofe claims wei-e 
ancient and well known. To this Gen- 
tleman, by no means ignorant of the art 
of pleafmg the Great, was afcribed a 
fatire, which brought on him the ill-wi;] 
of fome in power. A manufcript parody 
of a fcene in Cinna, ridiculing fome peo- 
pie who had powerful connections, was 
copied, and got into circulation. Mr. 
Marmontel, who was heard to re|Seat thelb 
verfes, was fufpeded of being the autlior, 
though, it is faid, they were compofed in 
a Literary Society. This fufpicion coft 
him an impi ifonment in the Biftile, and 
the lofs of the DireClion of the Mercure 
de France $ and was on the point of pre- 
venting him fftm entering the French 
Academy. It viras remaiked, with regard 
to Mr. Thomas, that a Secretary, who 
might be confidered rather as a dependant 
on the Minifter, than a Member of the 
Miniiferial Body, could not occupy the 
(^hair of an Academician- with becoming 
dignity, or be thus placed on a level witti 
the Duke de Niveruois. To obviate this 
objection, he was appointed Secretary In- 
terpreter for the Swils Cantons, and thus 
became an independent member of the 
Adminidration. Bui when he found out; 

• Mr. Watelet, 


zed by Google 




tk purpofe for which he was brought for- 
ward, he refufed to be the inftniment of 
private pique, and Mr. Mannontel was 
chofen. Soon perceiving that by this 

I condu^l he had forfeited the friend (hip off 
tbe MinilUr, he requeued and obtained 
his difmilHon. 

Thus clofed his profp^s of weahh and 
power, leaving him nothing but his in- 
tegrity, and the tnendfliip of the Count 
d*Angevillers, who loved and efteemed 
him for his merit and virtue. This 
friend engaged him to compofe the funeral 
eulogy of tbe Dauphin. On this eulogy 
the public bellowed due praife; but ib 
little was it rciifhed at Court, that it re- 
Qiured all the exertions of ardent friend- 
uip to fave bun from the fiadile. 

Without any fonune but his penfion 
from the Court, and the trifling reward 
be received foi- his afliduous attendance at 
the meetings of the French Academy, of 
which he was now become a Member, he 
refided at Paris with a fi^r who fuper- 

' intended his domeftic concerns. Here his 
incetTant labours impaired his health, and. 

', his mind became incapable of fnpponing 
the labour of thinking. To remedy the 
relaxed -Aate of his nerves, riding was re- 
commended, an^ he bought a horl'e for 
the purpcfe. From the exercife he took he 
had begun to derive benefit, when a young 
nan, diftantiy related to his family, being 
in diftrefs, to relieve him he pai ted witli 
what was neceffary to his own health. 
To recover this he was at length obliged 
69 travel to a more foutheiii climate, and 
at Nice found again the free ufe of his fa- 
culties. Here he employed his moinin^s 

on bis poem on the Tzar, and his evenings: 
in breathing thefalutary air of themoun^ 
tains. His lungs had ever been -weak, 
and hence hh was much addi6>ed to taci- 
turnity, paiticularly in his youth. Hit 
feelings were (Irong 5 and when he en- 
^ged in converfation, he was heated to a 
degree that his frame was unable to bearer 
till he became more accuftomed to fociety. 

After having fpent the winter at Nice» 
in the fpring he returned to Lyons, to re- 
fide in a houfeata litde dii^ncefrom it on 
the Banks of the Rhone. Here he iearut^ 
that a friend who was coming to vifit him^ 
Mr. Ducis, luid fallen from a precipice 
in crofling the Alps. He immediately 
went to fetch him, in a proper carriage 
conftru£led for the purpofe $ and whilft be 
was rejoicing at his recovery, he learnt the 
death of an older friend, Mr. Barthe. 

The reception which Mr, Thomas, ar.d 
his friend Mr. Ducis, met with at Lyons^ 
was extremely flattering 5 yet, in the 
midd of the pleaCaivt and amufements he 
enjoyed, Death was ilealing on him witl» 
hady (brides. Received as vifitors at the 
Academy, they were both crowned witli 
applauies ; Mr. Thomas on reciting a 
canto of his poem on the Tzar, Mr. Du-. 
cis on reading an Spiftle on Friendship* 
Whether the emotions he felt on tlie Qcca-# 
iion were too powerful, or from whatever 
caule, he was two days after attacked wit}\ 
a violent fever, which in a fortnight car- 
ried him off. He died at the hou^ of the 
Archbifliop of Lyons, in the amis of his 
filler and his friend, and was buried iiv 
the neighbouring village of Ouiins. 

T. C. 


'THL likelieft way, either to obt^iin a 
good hulband, or to keep one fo, is 
to be good youilelf. 

Never ufe a lover ill, whom you defign 
to make your hufband, left he fhoujd 
cither upbraid yon with it, or return it 
afterwards 5 and if you find, at any rime, 
an inclination to play the tyrant, lemem- 
berthelt two lines of tiuth and ju ft ice : 

CcDily fhdl thofe be rul'd, who gently 

fway'd : 
Abjedihall ihofe-obey, who haogh'y were 

obey'd. , 

Battle op the Sexes. 

Avoid, both before and after mairiage, 
^tSougr.ts of managing your hulband. 
Never cndtavour to deceive or impo(e on 
Ji:f underftandiDg, nor give him uncafi- 
^i (as fome do, very fuoliJhly, to try 
ti* temper) 5 but treat him alw:iys before- 

hand with fincerity, and afterwards with 
afte61ion a. id refpeih 

Be not over-fanguine before marriage, 
nor promiib yourfclf fdicity without alloy; 
for that is imi»offible to be attainrd in this 
prefent ftateof ihingi. Confider, before- 
hnnd, that the pcrlbn you are* going to 
fjiend your days with is a man, an.l not 
^n angel j and if, when you come toge- 
ther, you difcover any thing in his hu- 
mour or behaviour that is not altogether fo 
agreeable as you cxpe6l, pafs it over as a 
human fr.AJlty ; fmcoth your brow, com- 
pol'c your temper, and try to aaienJ it by 
chvrtrfulnefs and good- nntJix;. 

Remember always, that whatever mif- 
fortunes may happen to either, they arc 
rot to be charged to the account of matri- 
mony, but to the accidents and infirmities 
of liuman life ; a burden which each has 
engaged to afiill the^&r.ii) liippoitiQgw 


and to which both parties are equally cx- 
pofed. • Therefore, inftead of murmurs, 
reflexions, and difagrcemciit, whereby 
the tveigidt is rendered abundantly mure 
grievous, readily put your fhouWer to the 
yoke, and make it ealier to both. 

Refolvc, every morning, to be chearful 
and good-natured that day : and if any 
accident (iiould happen to break that re* 
folution, fuffer it not to put you out of 
temper with every -thing. beilde8,-*and 
ei'pecially with your hufband. 
. Difpute not with him, be the occafion 
what it will ; but much i-ather deny your- 
feif the trivial fatisfaftioii of having your 
own willy or gaining the better of an ar- 
gument, than rifque a quarrel, or create a 
heart burning, which it is impoilible to 
know the end of. 

Be afliued a woman^s power, as well as 
liappi«cfs, has no other foundation but 
her hufband's cfteera^and love 5 which, 
confequently, it is her undoubted intcreft 1 
by all means jxynTible to prel'erve and in- 
creafc— Do you, therefore, ftudy his 
temper, and command your own 5 enjov 
his fadsfaflions with him, (hare and fooib 
his cares, and witli the utmoft diligence 
conceal his infirmities. 

Read frequently, with due attention, 
the uiathmonral iervice ; and take care, 

in doing (o^ not to overlook the word Oh^fj-^ 

In your piayera be lure to add a claufc^ 
for grHce to make a good wife ; and» alf 
the fame time, i-elblve to do yt.ur utmoiV 
endeavutits tmv<uds it. 

A]\A'ays wear your wedding- rinc,, fot' 
therein lies more virtue »}>3n is iifually 
imagined : if yoii are ruffled unawares, 
alTaulted with^ impfioper thoughts, 01* 
tempted in any kind againll your duty, 
call youi- eyes upon it, and call to mind 
who gave it you, where it was received,- 
and what pafled at that folemn time. 

Let the tcnderncfs of your conjugal 
Jove be exprefled withfuch decency, deli- 
cacy, and prudence, as that it may ap« 
pear plainly, ^nd thoroughly diftin^l front 
the defigning fondnefs of a harlot. 

Have you any concern for your own 
eafe, or for your hufband's efteem ? :hert 
have a due regard to his income and cir- 
cumftances in all your expences 9nd de* 
fii-cs ; for, if neceffity (hnuld follow, you 
run the grcateft hataid of being deprived 
of both. 

Let not many days pafs together with- 
out a (erious examination how you have 
behaved as a wife; and if, upon rcfleflion^ 
you find yourfclf guihy of any foibles- or 
omiHions, the heft atonement is* to be ex- 
aftly careful of your future condu^l. 



IT is with pleafure I obferve in your 
Magazine for laft Month, " An Ac- 
count of the Life of Mr. John Henderfon," 
which has delineated his chaiafler with 
great juliice and propriety. 

As I was placed under the care of his 
Caiher at an eaily peiiod of life, I had 
ver}' frequent opportunities of con veiling 
with young Mr. llenderfon j but i: was 
not till a rew years before his death that I 
was enabled to judge of the ineifimable 
value of the man. 

Though I was beloved anJ efteemed by 
his father (for he wa^; paternally fond cf 
C?erv child placed under him), I had not 
tlie iiappinefiof any veiy part iculai* degree 
of intimacy with young Mr. H. j yet 
fom what little I had, 1 recoiled! peife^tly 
his very ftrong attachment to Phyfn giiomy 
and the Occult Sciences. He was alio, 
from what I could learn, intimately ac- 
quainted with the Arabic and Pcrfian 
l«angua^s. That he had ieverai liitle 
peculiarities is well known to all who 
h^d an opportunity of converfing with 
him, but particularly fo to his intimate 
friends, who might, if ihey tliought pro. 
per, furnifli you with more matuials to 
udi\ to the Account of ni» Lil«.— I tliink 

I may fafely venture to aflfure you, that 
he was intimate with Sir William J©nes# 
ProfelTor White, Mifs Hannah Mcre# 
and Mrs. Gunning, and that \\c ranked 
very high in their eftecra ; nor was he al- 
together unknown to Mr* Wilberforceg 
who, I have been informed, offered, hint 
his patronage and a living if he wo\*!d rc« 
fide in London. 

His father was for fome time one of the 
late Mr. Welley's itinerant preachers iri 
Ireland, from whence he came over to 
Briftol, and loon after fettled atHanham, 
a village about four miles from that city, 
where ne fet up a very reputable boardinj;- 
(chool for the infti"u6iion of youth in clalH- 
cal learning. A few years pi-erious to his 
death he left off keeping fchool, and open- 
ed his houfe for the leception of iniane* 
ptrfons. Louiia,'ihe celebrated Maid of 
the Hayftack, painted by Palmer, was 
one of theunhapjiyobitfits taken care of by 
him. —I believe the death of his favoucite 
and only child made a deep and laftlng 
impreflion on him till the time of his owit 
death, which happened,,if I am noj mirm- 
formed, fome time about Feb. or M.uclv 
lalK I am. Sir, youi conftant Reader, 



IBTTER from the COUNTESS DOWAGER of NITHSDALE • to herSiftertht 
COUNT 1*:SS of TRAQUAIR> gtviog an AccouDt of tiie EARL^s ESCAPE ou( 
of the TOWER in 1716. 

[From Vol. !• of TftAiiSACTiONsof the SoCiBTY of Anti^aries of Scotland.] 

. DbaH SfdTERy 

V4 V Lord*s efcape is now fuch an old 
*^^^ ftoi y that I have alir oft forgotten it { 
but fmce yoa deiirc me to give you acircum- 
ftaniial account of it, I will endeavour to 
recal it to my mcnu)ryy and be at cxa^ 
in the narration as I poifibly can § for I 
owe you too many obligations to reiiiic 
you any thing that lies in my power to 

I think I owe royfclf the juftice to (ct 
out with the motives which influenced me 
to undertake Co hazardous nn attempt, 
which I defpaired of thoroughly accom- 
p)i(hing, forefeeing a thouDuid obftacles 
whidi never could bi furmounted but by 
the moft particular interpoHtion of Divine 
Providence. I coniidea in the Almighty 
God, and truiteJ ihat he would not aban- 
don me, even when all human fuccours 
failed me. 

I iirft came to London upon hearing that 
my Lord was committed to the Towei*. I 
Wat at the lame time infonnedy that he 
had expreifed the greateft anxiety to fte 
roe, having, as he atterwards told me, no- 
body to confok htm till I arrived. 1 rode 
to Newcaftle, and from thence took tlie 
tbge to York. When I arrived there the 
faom was fo deep, that the ftage could not 
iet out for London. The feulbn was £0 
itvcre, and the roads fo extremely bad, 
that tlic pod itfelf was ftopt : Hovi'ever, I 
took hod'es and rode to London through 
the fnow, which was generally above the 
horie's girth, and arrived fafe and found, 
without any accident. 

Oa my arrital, 1 went immediately to 
nake wbjit intereft I could among thofe 
•ho were in place. No one gave me any 
ho^ ) but all, to the contrary, affured 
ne, tbat« although (bme of the pri;oners 
•ere to be pardoned, yet my Lord would 
•mainly not be of the number. When I 
>iM|ttired into the reafon of this didin^ion, 
I cook) obtain no other anfwer, than that 
they would not flatter me ; But I foon 
perceived the r^Ubns which they declined 
ailedgiDg to roe. A Romah Catholic upon 
tlK irootiers of Scotland, who headed a 
^ confiderable party j a mM whofe fa. 
ndf tad always fignalized itl'tlf by its 
%iky to the Royal Houle of Stuart^ 

and wha was the only fupport of the Ca- 
tholics againft the invetencj of theWhigs, 
who were very numerous m that part of 
Scotland, would become an agreeable fa- 
crifice to the oppofite party. They ftill 
retained a lively remembrance of his jpand* 
father, who defended his own caftleot Cala* 
verock tothe verylaft extremity,andfurren« 
dcred it nponlv by the exprefs command of 
his Royal Ma&er. Now having his graud- 
fon in their power, they were determined 
not to let him efcape from their hands. 

Upon this I formed the refolution to at« 
tempt his efcape, but opened my inten* 
tions to nobody but to my dear Evans. In 
order to concert meafures, I ftrongly foli- 
cited to be permitted to fee my Lord, which 
they refufed to grant me, unlels I woiiJd 
remain confined with him in the Tower^ 
This I would notfubmit to, and allcdged 
for excufe, that my health would not per- 
mit nK to undergo the confinement. The 
real reafon of my refufal was, not to put 
it out of my power to accompli/h my de- 
figns t Howerer, by bribing the guards^^ 
I often contrived to fee my Lord, till th« 
day upon which the prifoners were con- 
demned } after that, we were allowed for the 
laft week to fee and take our leave of them. 
By the help of Evans, I had prepared 
every thing neceifarv to dilguife my Lord, 
but had the utmoft difficulty to prevail 
upon him to make ufeof them : However, 
I at length fuccecded, by the help of Al* 
mighty God. 

On the a»d of February, which fell on 
a Thurfday, our petition was to be pre- 
fentcd to the Hou fe of Lords, the purport of 
which was, to intereft the Lords to intercede 
with his Majefty to pardon the prifoners. 
We were, however, difappointed the day 
betbre the petition was to be prefentcd j 
for theDiike of St. Alban^s, who had pro- 
roifed my Lady Dcrwentwater to prefent 
it, when it came to the point failed in his 
word t However, as me was the only 
English Countefs concerned, it was in- 
cumbent upon her to have it prefented* 
We had but one day left before the exe- 
cution, and the Duke ftill promiied to pre* 
fent tlie petition $ but for fear lie (hould 
fail, I engaged the Duke of Montrofe, to 
iecNre its being done by the one or the 

* This lieoiMtf, fpirited Lady, who faved her hutbsnd^s life, and prefervid the faroily- 
tftai^ for her foo, W4S (he daiif httr oC William Marquis of Fowls* ^ 1 

V«t irvir ' n linitiypHhy vjOOSiI^ 

Vol. XXII. 

Jigitized by ' 



other. I then went in company of mod 

of the Ladiet of Quality v^no were then 

in town> to folicit the intereft of the Lords 

as thev were going to the Houfe. They 

)sl] }>enaved to nae with sreat civility, but 

particularly my Lord Pembroke, who, 

though he deiired me not toYpeak to him, 

yet ptx>mifcd to emplov his intereft in our 

favour, and honouraoly kep^ his word j 

for he fpoke in the Houfe very ftronely in 

our behalf. The fubjeft ot the £bate 

was, Whether the King had the power Vb 

pardon thofe who had been condemned by 

Parliament ? And it was chiefly ovinne to 

Lord Pembroke's fpeeeh that it pafled in 

the affirmative » Howelrer, one of the Lords 

ftood up and (aid, that the Houfe would only 

intercede for tho(e of the prifonerii who 

ihould approve themfelves worthy of their 

interceflion, but not for all of them indif- 

cinminately. This falvo quite blafted all 

my hopes ; for I was aflured it aimed at 

the exclufion of thofe who Ihould refufe to 

fubfcribe to the petition, which was a thing 

I knew my Lord would never fubmit to ; 

nor, in ^£V, could I wiih to pi-e^erve his 

life on fuch terms. 

As the motion had pa^cd generally, I 
thought i could draw fome advantage in 
lavpur of my defign • Accordingly, I im- 
. mediately left the Houfe of Lords, and ha- 
ftened to the Tov^er, where, . affeiftine an 
air of joy and fatisfa6tion, I told all the 
ffuards'I paflfed by, that I came to bring 
joyful cidmgs to the prifoners. I defired 
ftiem to lay afide their fears, for the peti- 
tion had pafled the Houfe in their fa-* 
^onr. I tnen gave them Ibme money to 
drink to the Lords and his Majefty, tbo^ 
H was but triAtng ; for I thought, that if 
I were too liberal on the occafion, they 
might fufpefk my deiu^s, and that giving 
them foitlethine would gain their good* 
humour and lervices for the next day, 
which was the eve of the execution. 

The next morning I could not go to the 
Tower, having fo many things in my 
hands to put in readinefs ^ but in tm: 
evening, when all was ready, I fent for 
Airs. MiU*9 with whom I lodged, and 
acquainted her with my defign of attempt- 
ing my Lord's efcape, as there was no 
profpea of his being pardoned ^ and this 
was the laft night before the execiition. I 
told her, that I had every thing in readi- 
nefs, and that I trufted ihe would not re* 
f^it to accompany me, that my Lord might 
pafs for her. I preflcd her to come irame- 
* cifa^ly, as.we had no time to lofe. At the 
£ime time I fent for a Mrs. Morgan, then 
' wfually known by the name of Hilton, to 
whofe acquaiatanee my dear Evins hat 

introduced me, which I look upon as t(. 
very fingular happinefs. I immediately 
communicated my refohition to her. She 
was of a very tall and (lender i^ake ; fo I 
begged her to put under her own riding- 
hood, one that I nad prepared forMrs.Mills^ 
as (he was to lend her*s to my Lord, that, 
in coming out, he might be taken for her. 
Mrs. Mills viras then wHh child j fo that 
(he was not only of the fame height, but 
nearly of the (ame fize as my Lord. When 
we were in the coach, I never ceafed talk- 
ing, that they might have no leifure to re« 
fleet. Their furprife and aftoniihment, 
when I firft opened my defign to thera* 
had made them confcnt, without ever 
thinking of the confequeqces. On our ar- 
rival at the Tower, the firft I introduced 
was Mrs. Morgan ^ for I was only allow* 
ed to take in one at a time. She Drought 
in the clothes that were to ferve Mrs-. 
Mills, when ihe left her own behind her. 
When Mi s. Morgan had taken off what 
(he had brewght for my purpole, I con- 
du6\ed her back to the ftair-caie; and. 
in going, I begged her to fend me in my 
maid to drefs me } that I was afraid of 
being too late to prefent my bft petition 
that night, if (be did not come imm^iately. 
I difpatched her fafe, and went partly 
down ftairs to meet Mrs. Mills, who had 
the precaution to hold her handkerchief to 
her face, as was very natural foi' a woman 
to do when ihe was going to bid her Uil 
farewel to a friend, on the eve of his exe- 
cutioiv I had, indeed, deiired her to do 
it, that my Lord might go out in tlie fame 
manner. Her eye- brows were rather in- 
clined to be iandy, and my Lord's were 
dark, and very thick t However, I had 
prepared fome paint of the colour of her's, 
to difguife his with. I alio bought an ar- 
, tificial head-di-efs of the fame coloured 
hair as her's ; and I painted his face with 
white, and hi^ cheeks with rouge, to hide 
his long beard, which he had not had time 
to (have. All this provifton I had before left 
in the Tower. The poor guards, whom my 
flight liberality the day before had endeau - 
ed me to, let me go quietly with my, 
company, and were not io (lii^lly on the 
watch as thev ufually had been i and the 
more fo, as they were perfuaded from wbat 
I had told them die day btfore, that the 
prisoners would obtain their pardon. I 
made Mrs. Mills take off her own fa^od^ 
and put on that whkh I liad brought fee 
her. I then took her by the hand, and led her 
out of my Lord's chamber ^ and,, in tif- 
fing through the next room, in which theve* 
were feveral people, widi all the concern 
imaginable, t Qudj My dear Mrs. Cathe- 




rine, go in all hafte, and fend me my 
waitiog-maid i (he certainly cannot re- 
fled Iww late it is : She forgets that I 
am to jprefent a petition to-night ; and if 
I let (up this opportunity, I am undone } 
for to.morrow will be too late, Haften 
her as much as poflible; for I ihall be on 
thorns till fhe comes. Erery bodv in the 
room» who were chiefly the guards wives 
and daughters. Teemed to compaflionate 
me exceedingly ; and the centinel offici- 
oofly opened the door. When I had feen 
her out, I returned back to my Lord, and 
fioiihed drefllng him. I had taken care 
that Mrs. Mills did not go out crying as 
Ihe came in, that my Lord mi^ht the beuer 
pafs for the Lady who came m crying and 
mfflided ; and the more fo, becaufe he had 
the fame drefs which flie wore. When 
I had almoft fimflied drefllng my Lord in 
all my petticoats excepting one, I perceiv- 
ed that it was growmg dark, and was 
afiraid that the light of the candles might 
betray us ; fo I refolved to fet off. I went 
oat leading him by the hand ; and he held 
Ins handkerchief to bis eyes, l (poke to 
fahn in the moft piteous and afflicting tone 
d voice, bewailing bitterly the negligence 
of Evans, who had ruined me by her de- 
lay. Then faid I, My dear Mrs. Betty, 
for the love of God, run quickly and bring 
her with jfou. You know my lodging i 
and, if ever you made diipatch in your 
life, do it at preTent t I am almoll diftrstfled 
with this difappointment. The guards 
opened the doors, and I went ttow»i flairs 
with him, (bill conjuring him to make all 
poflible difpatch- As foon as he had 
cleared the door, I made him walk before 
tne, for fear the centinel fliould take notice 
of his walk j but I lUll continued to prefs 
him to make all the hafle he poflibly could. 
At the bottom of the flairs I met my dear 
Evans* into whole hands I confided him. 
I had before en^ged Mr. Mills to be in 
readinefs before the Tower to conduft 
him to fome place of fafety, in cafe we 
focceeded. He looked upon the aflair (b 
very improbable to fucceed, that bis aflo- 
nifliment, when he faw us, threw him into 
fuch conflemation, that he was almofl out 
of himfelf ; which Evans perceiving, with 
the greatell prcfence of mind, withbut tel- 
ling him any thing, left he (hould miflrufl 
them, condu6led him to fome of her own 
friends, on whom (he could rely, and Co 
iecured him, without which we (hould 
have been undone. Wlien flie had con- 
duced him, and left him with them, (he 
returned to find Mr. Mills, who by this 
time had recovered himfelf from his aflo- 
They went home together | 

and having found a place of fecurity, they 
conduced him to it. 

In the mean while, as I had pretended 
to have fent the young Lady on a me(rage, 
I was obliged to return up flairs, and go 
back to my Lord^s room, in the fame 
feigned anxiety of being too late $ (b that 
every body feemed (incerely to fympathiae 
in my diftrefs. When I was in the room, I 
talked to him as if he had been really pre- 
fent, and anfwei^d my own queftions in 
my Lord*s voice as nearly as I could imi. 
tate it. I walked up and down, as if we 
were converling together, till I thought 
they had time enough thoroughly to clear 
tbemfelves of the guards. I then thought 
proper to make off alfo. I opened the 
door, and flood half in it, that thoie in 
the outward chamber might hear what I 
faid I but held it fo clofe that they could 
not look in. I bid my Lord a formal 
farewel for that night; and added, that 
fomething more than ufual muft have hap- 
pened, to make Evans negligent on this 
important occafion, who had always "been 
fo punctual in the fmalleft trifles ; that I 
faw no other remedy than to go in per* 
(bn ; that, if the Tower were flill open 
when I flniflied my buflnefs, I would re<» ' 
turn thjit night } but that he might be af* 
fured I would be with him as early in 
the morning as I could gain admittance 
into the Tower } and I fluttered myfelf I 
fliould bring favourable news. Then» 
before I (hut the door, I pulled through 
the flring of the latch, fo tliat it <:oukl 
only be opened on the infide. I then 
fliut it with fome degree of force, that I 
mieht be Aire of its being well fliut. I 
faid to the fervant as I palfed by, who 
was ignorant of the whole tranfaAion, 
that he need not carry in candles to hia 
mafler till my Lord lent for him, as he 
delired to fini(h fome prayers flrft. I went 
down flairs, and called a coach. As there 
were feveral on the fland, I drove home to 
my lodgings, where poor Mr. Mackensie 
had been waiting to carry the petition, in 
cafe my attempt had failed. I told htm 
there was no need of any petition, as my 
Lord was (afe out of the Tower, and out 
of the hands of his enemies, as I hoped | 
but that I did not know where he was. / 

I difcharged the coach, and (ent for a 
fedan chair, and went to the Dutchefs of 
Buccleugh, who expe^ed me about that 
time, as I had betrged of her to prefent the 
petition for me, having taken my precau- 
tions againfl all events, and afl^ed if flie 
were at home; ahd they anfwerc^, that 
fhe expected me, and had another Dutchefs 
with her. 1 refuibd to go up flairs, as flie 



had company with her, and I was not in 
a conciiiion to lee an^' other company. I 
begged to be ibewn into a chamber below 
fU-rs, and that they would have the g(H)d- 
ntrfs to fend her Grace's maid to roe, hav* 
ii'.g romcihing to fay to her. I ha*l dif- 
ch'ttrged ihc chair, left I might be purAied 
'# and watched. When the maid came in, 
I dcfircd her to prefcnt my moft humble 
rcfpefls to her Grace, who they told mc 
hnd company with her, and to acquaint 
hcr,^ that this was my only reafon for not 
rttming up ilaire. I nlfo charged her with 
my finccrcft thanks for her kmd offer to 
accompany me when I went to prefent my 
petition. I added, that (ht might fpare 
heri'clf any further trouble, as it was now 
judged xoore adviTeable to prefent one gene- 
r:ji petition in the name of all : However, 
tliat I ihoutd never be unmindful of mvpar* 
ticuiar obligations to her Qrace, which I 
trould return very foon to acknowledge in 

1 then defirrd one of the fervants to call 
fi chair, and I went to the Duchefs of 
Mootrofe, who bad always borne a 
part in my diftrcdes. Wlicn I anivcd ihe 
left htr company tp deny herfelf, not being 
able to fee me und^ the afili^ion which 
ihe judged me to be in. By miftake, 
V>wever, I was admitted ; fo there was 
BO remedy. She came to me j ^nd, as 
my heai't was in an ccftacy of joy, I.ex^ 
prefTed it in my countenance as (he enter* 
cd the room. I ran up to her in the tranf- 
port of my joy. She appeared to be ex- 
tremely (hocked and frighted ; and has 
fince confeifed tome, that ihe apprehend- 
ed my trouble had thrown me out of my- 
iclf, till I comniunicatod my happinefs to 
Jier. She thtn adyifed me to retire to 
^me place of recurrty, for that the King 
•was highly difpleaftd, and ev^n enraged at 
the petition that I had prefented to him, and 
had complained of it fovereiy. | fcnt for 
.mother chair 5 for I always difcharged 
them immediately, left I might be pur- 
fiibd** jicr Grace faid ihe wo\iId go to 
, court, to lee how the news of my Lord'^s 
efcape were received. When the news 
mas brought Xo the King, he flew into an 
excels ot pailion, and laid tie was betray- 
al } for it aiald not have been done with- 
<|ut fome confederacy. He inftantly dif- 
laiched two pei ions to the Tower, to iec 
that the other prifqners vere well 
(vcured, left they &ould follow the ex- 
ample. Spme threw the blame upon one, 
fonckc upoti another ; the JQuchcfs was* tfie 
#jily one at ^mut who knew it. 

Wncn I len the Duchefs, I weitt to a 
kou^ which £vap$ M iomul o^t foi* jqct 

and where (he propofed to acquaint rac 
where my Lord was. She get thither 
fome few minutes after me, and to!d me^ 
that when (he had feen him i'ecure, ihe 
went in fearch of Mr- Mills, who, by 
the time, had recovered himfelf from his 
ailoniihment | that he had i|pturned to her 
houfe, where ihe had I'cuhd him 3 and 
that he had removed my Lord from the 
fir ft place, where ihe had deGred him to 
wait, to the houli: of a poor won^n, 
directly oppofite to the guard- houfe. 
She had but one fmall room up one pair ■ 
of ftairs, and a very fmall bed in it. 
We threw ourfelves upon the bed, that 
we might not be heard walking up and 
down. She left us a bottle of wine and 
i'ome bread, and Mrs. Mill^ brought us 
fome more in her pocket the next day. 
We fubijfted on this provifion fjoin 
Thurfday till Saturday night, when Mrs. 
Mills came ami condu6led, my Lord to 
the Venetian AmbaiFador's. We did 
not communicate the affair to his £xce]<* 
lency I but one of his fervants concealed 
him in his own room till Wednefday, oa 
which day the Ambaffador's coach and (ijc 
was to go down to Dover to meet hit 
brother. My Lord put on a 'livery, aiid 
went down m the retinue, without the 
leaft fufpicion, to Dover, where Mr, 
Mitchell ■ (which was the name of the 
Ambaffador's fervant) hired a fmall vciTel, 
and immediately fet iail for Calais, The 
paffage was fo remarkably ihort, that diQ 
eaptaii^ thrfw out this reJle6\ion, that the 
wind could not have ferved better if big 
paffepgers had been flying for their lives^ 
tittle thinking it to he really the caie. 
Mr. Mitchell might have eafily returned 
without being ful'pt^ed of having been 
concerned in my Lord's efcapc j but my 
Lord feemqd inclined to have him continue 
with him, which he did, apd has at 
prefent a good place uadei* our youn^ 

Thi^ is as exa^ and as full an account 
of this affair, and of the pcrfons concern- 
ed in it, as I pould poffibly give you, tQ 
the beft of my memory, and you may rely 
on the truth of it. 

For my part, X abfconded to the houl^ 
of a very honeft man in Pmry L-^n^ 
where I remained, till I were affurcd of 
my Lord^s fafe arrival on the continent, 
J then wrote to, the Duchefs of Buc- 
cleugh (every boiiy thought till then that 
I was goM off with my Lord}, to tell 
her, that I underilood I was fui'pe^lcd of 
having contrived my Lord's eicape, aa 
was very natural to fuppofe j that, if | 
CQ\i|d I^V9 been happy enough to h^ye 



Acme It, I (hcmld be flattered to have the 
loerit of it fittributed to me : but tliat a 
bare fui'picicn, without proof, could 
never be a iuiEdent ground for my being 
^nifbed for a fuppoied offence, though it 
might be motive enough to me to provide 
a place of lecui ity ; lb I entreated her t* 
piocure leave for me to go with fafety about 
my bulinef's. So far from granting my 
rwjueft, they were itfoived to fecurc mc if 
poifible. After leveral debates, Mr. 
Solicitor General, who waa an utter 
ftranger to me* had tlie humanity to fay, 
ihat, Gnce I ihowed fo much reifpc^ to 
Govermnent as not to appear in public, 
it wcold be auel to make any fcarch after 
Die : upon which it was decided, that if 
I remained concealed, .no further fearch 
fiioukl be made ; but that if I appeared 
cither in £Mland or Scotland, I iliould 
bf lecured. But that was not fufficient 
for me, unlefs I could fubmit to expctie 
my fon to beggary. My Lord Tent for 
me up to town in fuch halie, that I had 
ro time to fettle any thing before I left 
Scotland. I had in my hands all the fa- 
mily papers : I dared truft thcm'to nobody. 
My houfc might have been learched with- 
out warning, confequently they were far 
from being fecure tbei*e. In this diftrefs, 
I bad the precaution to buiy them under 
ground ; and i>pl>ody but the gardener and 
myfelf knew where they were* I did the 
btnc with otlier things of value. The 
cTtnt proved, that I^hacl a6Ved prudently i 
for, after my departure, they fearched the 
boule ; and Cod knows what might have 
tranfpired from theie papers. 

All thrfe cirCumftances rendered my 
prtience abfolutelv neceffary, otherwife 
tfaey mieht have been lottj for, though 
tbey retained the higheft prelervation, after 
one very fcvere winter } for, when I took 
them up, they were as dry as if they came 
from the fiiefide ; yet they could not pof- 
iibiy have remained fo much longer with- 
out prejudice. In (hort, as I bad once 
cxpofed my life for the fafety of the father, 
J coukl not do lef& than hazard it once 
more for the fonane of the fon. I had 
never travelled on hoHcback. but from* 
York to I»Ddon9 as I told ]rou ; but tlie 
fKfficulties did not now arifefrom the fevo* 
my of the ieafon, but from the fear of be- 
ing known and arrefted. To avoid this, 
I bought three faddle-horfe9t ^nd fet oflT 
^ith my dear Evans and a very trufty 
fervaott whom I brought with me out of 
Scotland. We put up at all the fhialleft 
inns on t^ie road that could uke in a few 
horktf and where I thought I was not 
kaovm I f<9r I was tlK»roughly luiown in 

all the confiderable inns on the north roadi. 
Thus I arrived fafe at Traquair, where I 
thought roylelf fecure j for tl>c Lieutenant 
of the country being a friend of my Lord's 
would not perma any Icaicli to be ai^iic 
for me, without fending me previous notice 
to abfcond. Here 1 had the afliirance to 
red myfelf for two whole days, pretending 
that I was going tO' my own houfe witn 
the leave of the Government, and fent no 
notice to my owh houfe, kft the Magi- 
Aj*ate$ of Dumfries might make too nar- 
row inquiries about me ; fo they were ig- 
norant of my arrival in the country till I 
were at home, whei-e I ftill feigned to have 
permifTion to remain. To carry on the 
deceit the better, I fent for ail my neigh- 
bours, and invited them to come to mj 
houfe. i took up my papers at night, and 
fent them off to Traquair. It was a pe- 
culiar l^roke of Proviilence that I made tl» 
difpatch I did, for tlity foon fufpe^ed mej 
and, by a very favourable accident, one<^ 
them was ovei heard to fay to theMagift rates 
of Dumfries, that the next day fhey woul4 
infift upon feeing my leave from GoverQ- 
ment This was bruited about $ and 
when I was told of it, I exprefled my fur* 
prile that they had been fo backward in 
coming to pay their refpe£ls i But, faid (, 
better late than never : Be fure to tell them 
thUt they (hall be welcome whenever they 
choofe to come. This was after dinner | 
but i loft no time to put every thing ia 
readinefs, but with aJl poflibie flecrefy} 
and the next morning before day -break | 
fet oiF again for |Aindon with the fame at* 
tendants ; and, as before, I put up at thf 
fmall inns, and arrived fafe once more. 

On my arrival, the report was dill freih 
of my journey into Scotland, in defiance 
of their prohibition. A Lady inform^ 
me, that the King was extremely incenied 
at the news ) that lie had ilTued orders to 
hare me arretted ; adding, that 1 did wh«it« 
ever I pleafed, in defpite of all his defigns } 
and that 1 had given h^m more anxiety 
and trouble than any woman in all Eu- 
rope. For which reafons, I kept myielf 
at clo(el) conceakd as pclfibie till the heat 
of thele rumoqis had abated. In the mean 
while, I took the opinion of a very famous 
Lawyer, who wa^ a man of the ^rideft 
probity } he advjfM me to go off as fo^a 
as they had ceafed fearching for me. I fol- 
lowed his advice ; and about a fortnight 
after, I efcaped without any acddenc 

The reaibn be alkdged for his c^nion 
was this. That although, in other circum- 
ftances, a wife cannot be profecuted for 
laving her huibaod } yes ^ cafes of higK 




trcafcn, according to the rigour of the 
law, ihe head of a wit'e ij» r€rponrii)lc for 
4l>at ot a hufo.ind ; and as the King was 
fu h'ghly mccnCed, there could he no an- 
hveriiig tbriheconfcquenccs, and he thert- 
fore inireated me to leave the kingdom. 

The King's rcfentmeiit was greatly 
Augmented by the petition which I had 
fwtienled, contrary to his exprcf* orders } 
hiu'my Ix)rd was very anxious that a pe- 
trtion might be preiented, hoping that it 
would be at leaft lerviceablc to me. I was 
til my own mind convinced that it would 
anf-Urer no purpofe $ but, as I wished to 
f»!eaic my llord, I deltred him to have it 
tfi^wn up ; and 1 undercook to make it 
crmic to'ihe King*s hand, notwithuanding 
sll the precautions he had taken to avoid 
ii. So the fird day I heaid that ^le King 
was to go to the Drawing-room, I drelTed 
WhyCcU m blacky as if I had been in 
mourning) and fent for Mrs. Morgan 
(the feme who accompanied me to the 
Tower) J bfcaufe, as I did not know 
Ills Majttfy perfonally, 1 might have mif- 
^ken ibme other perfon for him. She 
ikaiil by me, and told me when he was 
coming. I had alfo another Lady with 
me i arnd we three remained in a room be* 
•tween the King*8 apartments and the 
ftrawing-room ; fo that he was obliged to 
go through it : And, as there were thixrc 
windows in it, we fat in the middle one, 
lh;it I might have time enough to meet 
hJnj before he could pafs, I direw niy- 
leMat his feet, and told him in French, 
that I was the unfortunate Countefs of 

• ^Hhldale, that he might not pretend to be 
Ignorant of my perlbn. But, perceiving 

• that he wanted, to go off without re^civ- 
hig my petition, 1 caught hold of the flcirt 
pf his coat, that he might ftop and liear 
me. He endeavoured to efcape gut of my 
Immls i but I kept fuch (Irong hold, that 
|se dragged me upon my knees fioni the 
niiddle of the i-oom to tlie vei7 door of the 
Brawing-room, At hi\ one of the Blue 
Kihbons who attended his Majetiy took 
me round thewailt, whillt another wretted 

- the coat out of my hands. The petition 
which I had endearouitd to ihruft into 

' ^is pocket fell down in the leu file, and I 
uipntt(\ faiiucil away through grief and 

One of the Gentlemen in waiting picked 
up the petition^ and as I knew that it 
0ughfr to hi;ve been given to the Lord of 
the Bcdehanjher who was then in waiting, 
} wrote to him, and emnatcd hini to do 
me the favour to rea<l the petition which I 
kad had the honour to preicnt to his Ma- 
jciiy. Foi^unaMy for roe, it hapjwned tQ 

be my Lord Dorfet, with whom Mrs* 
Morgan was very intimate. Accordingly, 
flie went into the Di-awing-room, and de- 
livered him the letter, which he received 
very gracioufly. He could not read it then, 
as he Was ^i cards with the Prince j but 
as foon as ever the game was ovrr he read 
it, and behaved, as I afterwards learned, 
with the warmeft zeal for my interett, and 
was fecondcd by il)c DiUce of Montrole, 
who had Hen me in the ami chamber, and 
wanted to fpeak to me. But I made him 
a fign not to co:ne near me, IciV his ac» 
quaintance might thwaj t my defigns.They 
read over the petition I'everal times, but 
without any iucccfs j but it became the 
topic of their conveiikiion the reft of the 
evening ; and the harfhnefs with which I 
had been treated loon l])read abroad, not 
much to the honour of the King. Many 
people reflefted, that they had themfelves 
prefented petitions to the late King, and 
that he had never reje^^ed any, even from 
the moft indigent obje^s; but that this be* 
haviour to a perfon of my, quality was a 
ibrong in(lance of brutality. 
. Thefe reile£lions, which cu'culated about, 
-railed the King to the higheft pitch of ba^ 
tred and indignation againii my perfon, at 
he has fince allowed : For^ when all the 
Ladies, whole huibands had been concern- 
ed in the affair, prefented tlieir petition 
for dower, mine was prefented anioBg the 
reft ; but the King faid 1 was not entitled 
to the fame privilege ; and, in fii^, I wrat 
excluded $ and it was remarkable, that he 
would never fufFer my name to be men- 
tioned. For thefe reafons, every body 
judged it prudent for me to leave tljc 
kingdom ; for, fb long at this hatred of 
the King fuhfifted, it was n6t probable 
that I could efcape from falling into bit 
bands. I accordingly went abroad. 

This is the full narrative of what you 
defired, and of all the traofaflions which 
paiTed relative to this affair. Nobody lir- 
mg, bcfides yourfelf, could have obtained 
it trom me ; but the obligations I uv^e you, 
throw me under the ncccffity of refuUng 
you nothing that lies in my power to do. 

As this is foryourfelf alone, your in- 
dulgence will excufe all tlie faulu which 
muli occur in this long lecital. The tiuth 
you may depend upon. Attend to that, 
and overlook all deAciencies. 

^fly Lord deiires you to be afTured of 
his iincere friendlhip.— I am; with tlie 
ftrottgrrt attachment, my dear lilier, your>« 
molt aAedionately, 


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[ Continued from Page 19.] 




great man was occafionally fo 
fttnmchty that when the famous Baron 
(TOlbach (at whofe table he often dined 
ac Paris, with the Wits and Liiterati of 
that metropolis) , on obferving that he ate 
«f a particular di(h with peculiar rsliOi, 
fent bim^ a few days afterwards, to his 
lodgings, the fame diih, he was extremely 
angry, and returned it bacJc again with 
great difdain, and would never afterwards 
go to the Baron^s houfe. He imagined 
tiiat all the modern Philofophers, as he 
called them, and indeed as ihev called 
thcmfelres, liich as Diderot, d'AIembeit, 
&c. were in a league againft hirn ; and 
wben a common friend fhewed him the 
beautiful poem of the " Dying Negro," 
which was dedicated to him by its inge- 
nious tuthofy who was then a very young 
man, hefaid, '* If this young man be- 
comes acquainted with the Philofophers, 
they will make him hate me/' RouiTtau 
is moft certainly one of the mod eloquent 
writers in any language, and what he 
can mean by telling us, that when he 
iXL down to wri«e his ideas were cotd and 
inanimate, in camparilbn of thofe thit 
lad palTcd in his mind whilt^ lie was 
rtding or walking, wecaunot well expLiin. 
His charafler apjKat s in many in(Unces 
to^refemble that of Cardan, the Milanefe 
Philoibplier. They were both men oi 
irdent imaginations, and both wrote their 
ContelKons. Cardan enters into the mi- 
suiic of his own character widi great 
openneft and lincerity, and tells fcvei-al 
thiagft.that he might as well have kept to 
himtelir. Rouflfeau is iViore blameabic ia 
this refpeft. St. Aaguftin wrote his Con- 
feflions, as well as thefe two men of 
genius, but with more retentu than tliey 
did. It was finely faid by RouflTeau, 01I 
his firft (eeing the tercets of London, and 
obferving that there wtxttrottoirsor foot- 
ways, " Je vois qu'ici on rcfpefte le 
people." Two Jeliiits waited one day 
«po» RouiVeau, to let them into the fee ret 
he bad of being always fo eloquent. " I 
Itave only one (ecret, my rsverend Fa- 
ibersy" rcpiwi he^ *< but I ksx \t is not 

in practice amon|;ft the perfons of ymir 
Order, and that is, always to fay what 
I think." 

Some one was obferving before RouflTeau, 
that man was naturally wicked, — " Say 
the aggregate. Sir, if you pleafe, and not th« 
individual i Les hommes font raechans, 
hoir.neeft bon." RouflTeau had no par- 
ticular rcafon to fpeak well of Volrairc^ 
as he was alyvays endeavouring to ridicule 
him. ^ When fome one was abuGng 
Voltaire for fome of his impertinent and 
feeble writings, Roi^Ieau very magnani- 
moufly replied, ** Voltaire has tauglat 
mankind fo many ufeful trutba, that thef 
ai-e bound to throw a veil over his defcds-'' 

The follow! ngr Letter of Rouffeau t» 
the celebrated Linnaeus, has never yet 
appeared in any edition of his works. 

A Monfieur Monfieur DE Linnb, Che- 
valier de TEtoile Polaire, &c. a Upial. 

A PariSf le %\ jbret 1771. , 
Recevez ,avec bontc, MonJicur^ 
rho.nmage d'un ires ignar^ mais ties zeie 
dlfciple de vos 'llfciples, qui doit en graudc 
partica la meditation d^ vos eyries la trail' 
qiitllicc dont il jouit, au miliea d'lme 
p<:rlecution d'autant plus cruelle qu*eile 
ell plus caches, et qu'ellc couvre di» 
mafque de la bien veil lance et de Pamitii 
la pJus terrible lialne que Tenfrr excita 
jamais. Seul avec la nature et vous, }c 
palll* dans mes p^^omenades champeucs . 
dcs hetires dellcieulVs, et je tire un proRc 
pi'.js rtel dc votre Pbilsfophia BBtanica qi«e 
de tous les livres de morale. J^apprends 
avec joye que je ne vous fuis pas tout k 
fait inconnu, et que vous voulez biea 
meme me delliner quelques unes de vos 
prudiuSlions. Soyer peifuade, Monfieur^ 
qvi tiles feront ma le6lure ch^rie et qnece 
p!aifir deviendra plus vif encore parcelut 
de les tenir de vous. J^amufe ma vicillc 
enfance a faire une petite collection de 
fruits et de graines. Si parmi v«a trcfor» 
en ce genie ii (e trouvoit quelques rebuts 
dont vous vouluiiez faire un hevreuaty 
daignez foivgcr i moi \ je les rccevrois» 
Monii«;ui> avec une i-econnoilfance, ftid 
^,y,....., ^ ^««iour 


retoar que jc puiflfe vou$ offirir, mtis que 
k C'jeur dont die part ne rend pas indigne 
de vous. Adi^u, Monfieur, continues 
d^ouvrir ft interpreter aux hotnnics le 
litre de U Nature } pour mot, content d>n 
dechifrer quclqnes mots a votre fuite dant 
k feuillet du rcgne veg6ta), je vous lis, 
je vous ^tudte, je vous midite^ je vout 
lkoiK>re, et vous aime de tout mon coeur. 
J. J. Rousseau. 




It fcenfM rclcrved to our times that a 
Lady of rank, and of great elegance of 
perfon and of manners, (hould handle the 
chiiTel with the fire and delicacy of Praxi- 
teles and Puget, for the amufcmcnt of 
berfelf and tne adiniration of others.— 
Propertia da Rofli, a female of Bologna, 
of no very high biitb, handled the cliilfd 
is a profeflional Artift for emolument, 
and was no lefs fuccefsful iu her efforts. 
In the Pontificate of Clement the Seventh, 
ihe made fevcial iHtues for xhefafaJr of 
San Pctronio, at Bologna. She was be- 
fides a good Painter, and an excellent 
Engraver. Propertia became enamoured 
«f a young Artift, ^ho did not make a 
fuiuble return to her love This dilap- 
pointment threw her into a lingering dif- 
order, which brought her to the grave. 
Her laft work was a BaiTo Relievo, re- 
Ijrefenting the Hiftory of • Jofeph and Po» 
tiphar's Wife. Her cruel lover was re* 
prciented as Jofeph, herfelf as the Egyp- 
tian Queen. It is faid to be her be(i work, 
and was really worked con amore. Pil- 
' kington'*s Di6lionary of Paintei-s does not 
mention this extraordinary perfon. The. 
account here given is taken from that 
excellent and ufcfnl book, ** The Dlc- 
tioqnaire Hillorique," 9 Vo'umos, t^io* 
Caen, 1789}— a book in which every 
curious particular relative to Biography 
and Hiftory is to be found, and which 
was firft recommcndetl to the writer by 
the late mgcniuus and learned Dr. Adam 


Salvator Rosa. 
This- great Artift is well known as a 
Painter of Landicapes and of Hiftory. 
He was befidet a Painter of Satirical Pic- 
tures. One of them, upon the Court of 
Rome, is at the Duke of Beaufort* s 
princely (eat at Badminton. It repreients 
an Ai« covered with the Papal Palliimi, 
«r Pall^ to which the' di£efcul natMns of 

Europe are jpayiag homage under tilt 
figures of different animals, as a Cock for 
France* a Hog for Germany, &c For 
painting this pi6lure he was obliged to 
fly from Rome. His Satires in verf* 
upon the Corraptions of the Cjurt o( 
Rome in his time, are in every one'e 
hands. Under his own portrait Salvator 
wrote thefc lines : 

Ingenuus, liber, pi6lor, fcrvator ic cqut 
Spretor opum nu>iufque. Hie meus eft 
Salvator Rofa was a Neopoliun Laza« 
rone, and was concerned in the nou in 
that city under MaflanitUo. At Mr. 
Bromley*8, at Abberlejr in Woicefter- 
fhire, there is a portrait by Salvator of 
this illuftrious rebel, as a fifhcnnan, with 
a large fifti in his hand. It is painted 
with great force, and reprefents ^(Iai^a« 
niello as a^man of a vei'y determined 
countenance. It is a pity that no good 
engraving has been made from it. It 
would make a moft excellent mezzotinto, 
from the force of light and dude with 
which it is painted. 


The following curious account is takei> 
from the thirteenth book of the Scotch 
Hiftory of that learned and elegant wnicr. 

'* About this time, 1 500^ a new kind 
of moftfierwu born in Scotland. In the 
lower part of its body it refemble<l a male 
child, nothing differing from theortiinary 
fliape of a human body, but above the 
navel, the trunk of the body, and all the 
other members^ were doublej reprelenting 
both fexes, male and female. The King 
(James the Fourth) gave fpecial order for 
its careful education, eJpeciaUy in mufic^ 
in which it arrived to an admirable degree 
of ikill ; and moreover it learned feveral 
tongues ; and fometinies the fwo bodice 
did difcover feveral appetites difagreeirt^ 
one with another, and fo they would 
quarrel, one liki/tg this, llie other that ^ 
and yet Ibmetimes again they would agres^ 
and confult as it were in common for tlie 
good of hoih* This was alio memorable 
in it, that when the legs or loins were 
hurt beloua^ both bodie* weie ien(>ble of 
this pain in common, but when it was 
pricked, or otherwife hurt heiont/t the 
fcnfc of the pain did afteol cm body only ^ 
which difference was alio more conipicuout 
at it» death, for one of the bodies died 
manv days befon the other^ and tliat 
which fmvived, being half putrified, pined 
away by degrees. This monftcr lived 
tvcnty-eighi yeors^ aod tlven di«d, I mn 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

fOR AUGUST 1791. 


llie hiort itt^uiiia^^^ idds tbe Hiftorian» 
^* in relating this ftorv, bccauJe there are 
ttaxkj boodl and credible peribns vet aUvtf 
Who (aw this prodigy aA;»/i^ mir ^a«Mi 

A very ingentout Surgeon» latelv ar« 
rived from tbe Eaft Indks, fays, that he 
left alive in Bengal> fottie yeart ago, a 
boy of eleven yeart of age with tnvo 
l^dtf the one joined to the crown of the 
odier, with t part of the neck appended to 
it, bavine the appearance of having been 
decollated. When dm Gentleman kf^ die 

Mary's* a Lady wh«| in degance of per* 
fpn and of mind, is by no means iO"* 
fsrior to that accomplUhed and unfortuaatn 
frincefs. » 

Alas, what am t ? and in what cibte f 
A wretched corfe* bereaved of its 

An empty ^tfdboir, k>ft, unfortunatti 
To die is now in life my only part. 

Foes to my greatnefs, let your envy nftp 
In me no taftt for grandeur now k 
found t 

laftlndies, theboy was in perfed beildi^ ConfnmM by grief. With heavy ills op- 
James the Fourth of Scothind, in ^ _ ^!1 '_j j r_ 
%bofe reign this monfter was bom, ac- ^ '" 

«xdhig Co Taflbni in his ** Penfieri Di^ 
nrfi,** was the author and inventor of a 

pbdntive and melancholy mufic, cultivated 
with (b much fbccels fince his time by his 
ingenioos and acute countrymen. Bu- 
chanan fays of this Prince, tnati amongfb 
his other qualifications. <*he greedily im- 
bibed one ancient cunom of the, nation, 
lor be waa Ikilful m cufng ivmrnit* 
For,'* adds he, ** in old times that kind 
of knowlet^ was cotmMt t§ ait tbt Hi^ 
bUit^, as men coadnually accuftomed to 
anns.*^ It feems indeed but juf(, that 
thofe perf^nsy who were in genenl the 
Cttiie of wrars, fhould be able to remedy 
and aileviaae ibme of the ills which they 
had oecafioiMd> and that according to 
** Una flianus HmiMMt ifmqtie finraf 

Your wiihes and deilres will iboa b» 

And you, my friends, who ftiil have held 

me dear, [are tfed» 

Bethink you, that when health and heart 

And ev'ry hope of future good is <kad» 

*Tis time to wi(h our forrows ended htn i 

And that this puniihment on Earth it 

That my pure foul may rile totndleft blifh 
m Heaven. 

In her way to Fothcringay Caflle, 
Mary ftopped a few hours at Buxton, and 
with her diamond ring flie wrote on a 
pane of gbfs at the Inn of that place— 

Buxtona^ qoas tepidsi celebrabere numba 

Buztona, fort( itefum non adeunda, vale ( 
Uncertain in the womb of Fate 
What ilU on wretched Mary vraitt ' 
Buxton, my tribute (whilft I may) 
To thy hrtCd tepid fount I pay t 
That foum, the cure of ills and 1 ' 
Which I ihall never fee again. 

In the State Paper Office there ar^ many 
curious papers and memorials in MS. re- 
lative to this Urt fortunate Queen, which 
welldefervetobe publiflied) and indeed, 
from that wonderful and exquiiite repo- 


Mary Qhkbn op Stcr: 
The following copy of veries, wntttn 
Vydasbcautifiirand unfortunate Princefs 
<inring her confinement in Fotherincay 
Catle, ia for the flrft time prefbited to 
the public by theklnUnefs of a very emi- 
nent and liberal Colleaor* 

(^ fuia je helas ^ Etdequoiiertbivief 

J*eo fttis f(An qtt^m corps privl de cueur | 

Ua onibre vayn, un object de malheur, fitory of papers, what illuftrations might 

Qui n*a plus rien que de mourir en vie« ocCafionahy be thrown upon fome of the 

Fnisncnneportex, O enemys,d*envic, moft important paru of the Hiftory of 

Qgi n*a plut l*eiJMrit \ h giandeur • 
Taicoofonmie d excefiivedouleur, 
Voltre ire en bref de voir aflbuvie. 
%t vous amys que m*avei tenu chere, 
iottvenez«>vous que fans cueur, (c fans 

Je nefcaurois auqun bon otuvre faire» 
Souhaitea done fin de caJamitey* 
Et p^Jiu hms etant af&a punie, 
faie ma part en la joie infinie. 

The vorfcsafe written on a iheet of pa* 
per by Mary herfUf, in a Urge rambling 
mU Tbe following literaT traoflation 
<f dmjMMniade bya <oiiastyw»mao of 

Bn^and, and what a ufeful and enter- 
taining work might be compiled upon 
that plan I a work which, in certaiik 
hands, would do honour to the country, 
as well a$ to the author of it. It is a 
work that would not tie down its antfaor 
to any fixed or re^lar plan \ he might 
take up any part ot our Hiftory, or any 
period of it, as he pleafcd \ he might 
confine himfelf merely to thofe paru that 
were the mofl capable of illuftration and 
of receiving new informa^n ; 
£t quse defperat traCtaca nlscfct^ poffii 


^ THE 


Many curious MS. papers relative to 
Mary Queen of Scots arc to be met wiih 
In the Library of the Scots College at 
Paris. The iaft time David Hume was 
in that city, the learned and excellent 
Principal of the College (hewed them to 
him, and aiked him, why he had pretended 
to wrkt her Hiftory in an unfavourable 
manner without confulting them ? David, 
on being told this, looked over fome let* 
ters that the Principal put into his handsi 
and though not much ufed to the melting 
mood, burft into tears. Had Mary writ- 
ten the Memoirs of her own life, how 
interefting muft they have been ; a Quieen, 
a Beauty, a Wit, a Scholar, in dlftrcfs, 
mutt have laid hold of the heart of every 
reader 5 and there is all the rcafon in the 
world to fuppofe, that (he won W have been 
candid and impartial. Mary, indeed, 
completely contrailifted the obfervation 
made by the learned Selden in his Table- 
talk, •* thftt men arc not troubled to hear 
men dlfpraifed, becaufe they know that 
thouch one be naught, thtre is ftill worib 
in others ; but tuof/ien are mightily trou- 
bled to hear any of themfclvcs fpokcn 
againtty as if the fex itfelf were gudty of 
ibme unworthinefs r' for when one of 
the Cecil family, Miniftcr to Scotland 
from England in Mary's reign, was 
fpeaking of the nmfiiom of his Sovereign 
Queen, ^izabcth, Mary ttopt him (hort 
by faying, " Seigneur Chevalier, ne mc 
parlez jamais de la fagcffe d*une femme ; 
je connois bien mon fexe j la plus fage de 
nous femes n>ft qu'un peu moins fottc que 
les autres." — The piflures in general 
fuppofed to be thofe of this unfortunate 
Princefs, differ veiy much from one ano- 
tlier, and all of them from the gold medal 
itruck of her and her huA)and Francis the 
Second at Paris, and which is now in 
Dr. Hunter's Mufeum in Windmill- 
(Ireet, London. This raedal reprefentt 
her as having a turned-up nofe. Mary, 
however, was fo graceful in her figure, 
that when at one ot the Procedlons of the 
Hoftat Paris, ihe was carrying the wafer 
in the pix, a woman burft through the 
crowd to touch her, to convince herielf 
^t (he was not an Angel. 

Miry was fo learned, that at the age of 
tflKcn years (lie pronounced a Latin Ora- 
tion of her own compofuion befoi'e the 
whole Court of France at the Louvre. 

A veiy curious account of hei'cxecution 
was publi(hcd in France foon after that 
event, anM it appears by that, that on her 
body's falling after decapitation, her fa- 
vourite IpanieJ jumped out of ha* clothes. 
Immediately before her execution ihe re- 

prated the following Latin prayer, com« 
pofed by hericlf j which has lately J>eeii 
let to a very folemn and affcflin^ Glee for 
three voices, by tlie ingenious Dr. Hail<» 
I^INGTON, of Bath •: 

O Domine Deus, fperavi in tc ! 
O caie mi Jefu, nunc libera me I 
In dura catena, in mifera poeni, defi* 
dero te I 
Xanguendo, gemendo, Sc genufleilendojL 
Adoro, imploro, ut liberes me I 

It may be thus paraphrafed t 
Ih this Iaft folemn and tremendons hotn% 
My Lord, my Saviour, I invoke thy 

power J 
In thefe fad pangs of angu-fli and of deatfr. 
Receive, O Lord, thy luppHant's parting 

Before thy hallow'd crofs (be proftrate lies^ 
O hear her prayers, commiferate hef fighs ; 
Extend thy arms of mercy and of love. 
And bear her to thy peaceful realms 

above. ' 

Mary was buried in Petejrborough Ca- 
thedral, before a very fine Gothic tomb*, 
which has been, without any foundation, 
fuppofed to be that of this Princefs. It 
has been lately reftorcd, \yith very great 
tafte and judgment, from a defign made 
by Mr. Carter, that ingenious Gothic 
Draftfman, whofe drawings from Lord 
Orford's celebrated Romance of the 
*• CafUe of Otranto," have given fo roucl> 
plcafure at fome of the late Exhibitions 
of the Royal Academy. 

Buchanan dedicated his Latin Tranf- 
lation of the Pfalms to Queen Maiy. TJie 
concluding Kncs of his Tiranflation are— * 

Non tamen aufus eram, mal£ natum ex« 

ponere fcetum, 
Ne mihi difpliceant, qujc placuere, tibi. 
Nam qucd ab ingenio Domtni fperare ne- 
Debebuiit gtnio forfitMi ilb ttn. 
' They were thus alterecl by Biftiop At- 
t^bury the night before he died, and were 
feitt by bun to the late Lord Marflv^ 
At fi cuha parum, ii fmt incondita* 
! Scilicet ingenii eft,, non ea cnlpa. foli . 
Porte ciiam hic nofciquae Cunt^ttUberrimM 
Ex vultu & gcnio Scotica terra tmo* 
If thei'e rude barb'root lines their author 
His mufe and not his countrv is^to blame ^ 
That excellence e'cu Scotland can beitow. 
We from thy geaius aiwi thy buuijc 
knqw^ X — ^-^ ,, 

* — I — i.;_L 

( W>7 ) 




For A U O U S T 


^uidfit turpet quid utile ^ quid dulcd quid non* 

The Hiftory of Political Tranfaftions and of Parties, from the Reftoratjon of King 
Charles the Second to the Death of King William. By Thomas Somerville^ D. D* 
fto. il. 18* Straban and Cadell. 1792. 

tj ISTORY, among the Modems, was 
*^ long little clfe than a dry and tedi- 
ous chronicle of e»;eni8. In our country 
Humeand Robenfon had the merit of blend- 
ing political relearche^and philofophical re- 
flexions with a judicious fele^lion of fafts. 
Succeeding hiftorians, by treading in their 
fteps, have juftly rifen to fame. Ancient re- 
cords and documents have been fearchcd 
with care, and many curious circumftances 
ha?e been brought to light. From materials 
dug out of the ruins of former times, 
monuments of human genius and induftry 
have been ere£lcd, which promife to (land 
' the tcft of ages« 

Two important aeras in the annals of 
Britain have attra6led the attention of 
our hiftorians. Rubertfon's Hiftory of 
Scotland, from the commencement of 
Mary's reign to her fon's accelTion to the 
throne of £ngland, has drawn upon him 
many formidable antagonifts, and occa- 
iionra an accurate inveftigation of the 
principal occurrences in both kingdoms 
during that daik period. The publica- 
tion of private correfpondence and State 
papers, by Sir J . Dalrymple and Mr. 
, Macpherfon, has difdofed a new view of 
our hiftory from the reftoratlon of King 
Charles the Second to the death of Queen ' 
Anne, Of thefe two periods the latter is 
the moft intere(ling, not only as coming 
cearer to our own times, but as produ- 
cing a memorable revoluUon in tlie govern- 
ment and laws of Britain. The Authors, 
however, who have jprofeffedly written * 
upon it, and whofein4tt(try has difcovered 
^9 many ufeflil mateiials, by dwelling ' 
chiefly on naval and miUtarv affairs, par- 
Itam^itary debates, and the cabals of 
faSGmi^ a])<il hj pufhing political en« 
yi^jc^'no &rtlier than was' barely nccef<» 

fary to illuftrate public tranfaflions, hav» 
not aviiled themfelves fo fully as thcjr 
might have done of the information which 
th^y obtained : they have feen fomc ob- 
jects with a partial eye, and have, in a 
great meafure> overlooked one of the 
moft prominent features in the hiftory of 
the umes. The origin of a ftatcd 
oppofition to the court, is nowhere ac- 
cui-ately marked; and the progrefs of it 
is nowhere diftin^ly detailed. The 
meaiiucs which individuals purfued in 
the cabinet, in the fen ate, in ip- 
trigues, and in negociations, are not al- 
ways accounitd for in a rational and fatif* 
factory manner ; nor arc fufficient mo- 
tives afligned for their various incon- 
fjft«ncies, and frequent change of political 
principles. Juftly as thefe gentlemen are 
mtitled to praife for opening up a new 
field in the province of hiftoi-y, they hav« 
not fo vj^\o\\y occupied it as to exclude 
the labours of otlicis, nor brought it ^o 
fuch a high ftate of cultivation as to ad* 
mit of no farther impiovement. 

It may be alio remarked, that al- 
though we have general hiftorics of various 
periods, -comprehending tranfa^lions of 
every denomination, and particular hif- 
tories limited to one clafs of ti'aniaflions, 
fuch as Military Memoirs, a Naval, and 
even a Parliamentary Hiftory, &c. yet aa 
account of tranfa6lions wholly politica], 
in an hiftorical form, has never hitherta 
been attempted in Britain. The Author 
of the work before us has, therefore, the 
merit of being thfc firft who pntei-cd inio 
this untried path, as well as of felc6iing 
a period for the fubjecl of his inveftigati^p, 
whicl^ cannot fai) to attract public at« 
tention. * ' 

In the IntrodufUon he obferves, tlmc 
ft (- political 

Jigitized by V3 ^ ^ ^^^ 



fK>lit(ctI canftt contributed more than 
aor other \q tbe accompDibment and 
ihbility of the RcTolution-.-that they 
iBayt>e rendered more inftmdive and in- 
terefting by being placed in a detach^ 
▼lew I and that he relates co inci- 
dent erentty principally to explain and 
iUuftrate them* And he propofea to re- 
view tbe t#o preceding reignS} in order 
to give a true account of Aich tranfadions 
<luring the reign of William. 

Agreeably to this plan^ he begins with 
« fummary abridgement of events, from 
the begihnmg of the reign of Charles the 
Second to the' defe^on of Shafte(bury 
from the Cabal} and his fyftbnatic op- 
' pofition in Parliament to \ht favourite 
meafures of the King. The chara^er of 
that verfatUe'^tefman is wall drawn» 
jind happily illuftrated in the (equel. At 
this noted epoch the hiftory dilates i and, in 
proportion as political tran(a6iions thicken 
»nd become more important, the detail and 
inveftigation of them are JudiciouHy ex* 
^ded. The Second Chapter brings 
^own tbe narrative to tbe conclufion of . 
the f^ond Parliament of CharleS| re* 
markable for having completed its eigh- 
teenth fefHon. Tne chara6ier of Uiis 
parliament is delineated with fidelity and 
temper, but if too Ions for infertion. In 
Chapter the Third the hiftory is continued 
f» the year 1 68 1 , when the flfth Parliament, 
which met at (Jx^ord, was diiTolved ; and 
Chapter the Fourth contains refle£Uo|is on 
the caufes which, in the courie of twenty 
years, changed the tem|>er of the nation 
lirom loyalty to dilafteAiop. $ix cauibs 
are enumerated and illuftrated» 'idways 
with ingenuity, fometimes with doaoencc, 
mnd generally with ihrewdnefs and judgr 
ment. They are,— Firft, The oppreflive 
jgovernment of Scotland.-r-Secondly, I,i- 
^entioufnefs in converfation and writing, 
vrhich our Author reiblyes uto fitedom 
cf fpeech, the liberty of the prefs, and 
the inftitution of chibs.wThirdlyi The 
dependent ftate gf the crown, efpecially in 
ftfytB, of refenue.— Fourthly, The jn- 
ftability of the |Cing, and the oppoQte 

Shciples, and confequent (Jifunjon of bis 
;ni(tei*s.'5irFiftb1y, ^Ut abilities and 
influence of perfons eneag^ in oppoli- 
iion from prif^ip)e and in^erefted mpr 
tives.— Anc^! Sixthly, The intrigues of 
f^ranc^. Under th( ijrft of theif caufes 
^ reader will^nci a note on the differenl 
l^reAsof tbe Reftoration on England and 
fcotland, wbi9b 4^f^^ fc>f piMAn 

During this pmod, from tbe esctin^i^a 
of the Cabal to thedifufeof ParHamems»tb« 
Tefl Aa, the Popiih Plot, and the Bill 
of Exduiion, occupv a difHngui^ed 

filace. Over each of them hangs more or 
efs a veil of myftery, which no reCearch 
has hitherto been able completely to remove. 
Dr. 8. pretends not to ofier auythine nev 
on thefe controverted fubjeifts t but ms re- 
flexions on them evince the liberality of 
his religious principles, do no difcnedit 
to his feelings as a man, and are not un« 
favourable fpectmens of his talent for 
compolltion. Speaking of the Teft Aft» 
Chapter Firft, he (ays, 

** It is a coriotts end memersble cSrcom* 
fiance, that an aA, which that the door of 
prefierment afsioft tbe Proleftant Diflsotvs, 
and doomed them to the iaoM politick in* 
capacity with Roman Catholio, not only 
palled without any oppofitkxi from the lipc* 
mert bat, that it wm promoted by te 
mod refpeiSUble leadan of their paity. 

M This oonoeflloo of the Prote&aat Dif- 
ftnten has been olteo applauded by their 
friends, as a fingnlar exampU of prudenet 
and generofity i becaofe they (acriflcod Aeir 
righu and rsfimtmeots lo tbe drsad of im* 
pending popery, and the fecurity of tbe re* 
formed religioa. Their condoA upon thie 
occafion, whether examined by the rules oC 
probity, or the diAates of enligfaeeoed chariQr» 
will be found deiinviof of espUdt aoA 
marked expreflions of condemnation, fro* 
feil^ to fiQUd againll Popery, Vid not tbe 
Pi^enters adt under the ioQueoce of tee 
wori^ principles? pid (hey not'sbaodpii 
their righu as men and as ^riftians I rights, 
tbe rtounciatioQ of which, for a (mgle dayt 
no fisar of ganger, nor profpe^ of future 
pta^^ Q»n ittftify, at tbe tribunal of coo* 

«< The event of Providence has taflmMI 
us, by this and every fimilar experiment, lo 
reprobate tbe ionprodeooe as weU as tbe ias* 
morality of thai maxim, That it is lawfol 
to do evil, when good niay be obtahied by k. 
A Bill brought in fpr tbe relief of thePTOv 
teflaot pill^nten, ai the reward of their 
«onfent to the Tefl 4A, was defeated by 
the difi^greement of the two Qoofin, and t(M 
adjournment pf Parfiamcnt^ And thus, the 
temporiaing fpirtt of tbe Difisnters hat tnMCf 
i^ted bondage to tbdr poflerity, which tb« 
liberality of the age in whifb we live never 
eo^ have impoMi b^ from which eteii 
thai liberality is not adequate to emaoctpue 
them, while it is couMeraAed by religiooe 
bigotry, and tbe timid policy of thoCi wbn 
^^pfq^ tfaf flYourf of QoVenpie^.^ 

Digitized by 


FOR AUaUST 1791. 


From- die concbdtng dauironr Author 
items to be no enthufiaftic admirer of 
Minivers who favour the continuaiice of 
the Tcft Aa. 

Concercing the Popiih Plot he ob* 

*' Every paffion iocxoeft invadet the pro- 
vioceof tbeanderflandUigyand hat aa iaune- 
diatt tendency to miflead opinion, and penrtrt 
iodgoMnt. But there occurs not« in the annah . 
ef any nation, a more ftriking example of tho 
ittflaoce of ttrrofy in fuppiyins ^^ "^ 
palpable deficiency of evidence^ and over* 
poivering the didatei of humanity, than the 
precipitancy and the violence with which all 
paniea m England entered into the meaforei 
we are now going to recite. An account 
of a plot to afiafiUiate the King, and to in- 
troduce the Roman Catholic religion, though 
bearing in the face of i: circumflancet the 
vnoK impfobatale and contradiaory, and 
attefted by anen of the motft profligate cha- 
laQcr, obtained univerikl credit, and routed 
a fjpirit of fury and Implacable vengeance 
agi^ an who vrere fofpeded of favouring 
that reSgioo.'' 

And, iftcr briefljr ftating the unwarrant- 
able procedure of both Houies againft 
fodi as fell under their fufpiciont he 

<* The direful effeai of thefe meafures It 
If paMil to recoUea^ Alluied by the 
prol^ea of cooiequenee and of reward, in^ 
formerB crowded from every quarter t judges 
and juriei, infeded with the imBdoufinant 
credulity and panic of the natfon, admittell 
guilty and flied the blood of their fellow* 
cititent, upon evidence which, in a mora 
difpaflbnate period, vrould not have beeia 
deemed faAcient to Jaflify any fsntenca 
aflbaing property or charaAer in the moll 
trifling degree. The great body of the pea* 
ple^ agitated hy terror, and duped by m 
implicit confidence in their faftious leadsflt 
delighted for a feafbn in fanguinary and op* 
prefllve deeds. Real dangers may ezcita 
imaginary and exaggerated fears t imaginary 
and exaggerated fears may be pleaded as i^i 
apology for rafli and extreme fewiiy ; but 
the man of Ibnfibility will recoil with horror 
from fcenes wliich exhibit the moft defperata 
outrage of bigotry, and the moi\ diitoned 
features of human nature. The patr^eg 
who feels for the honour of bis coontryt 
vritt wi(h that tranfiiaiaos, Which lanprint 
an indelible (lain upon the wiCJgm and hi* 
tegrity of his ancettors, wen enM from tht 
page of hiflory •.•' 

The areumentf for and aninfl the £<• 
cluijon Bill, with which Chapter V, is 


• •* The avflence of a Pc^ifii Plot caitlinly appears quaftiooable, whsncbe foUowing 
Ooofidarations are attended to s 

<* tfl, Tbeinfamonscliaraderof thew{tnefl6s,theInconfiftency andcontradidfpnoftha 
bAt alledged, and the notorious perjury dete^ed in the courfe of the evidence. Sea 
Nonb*s Esamen, p. 176 9.— Somers* Col. vol. vii. p. $61. 405.— Life of Jamesy 1677, 
|f. 83.— Sahnon*s Modern Kift. vol. xxiil.— Life of the Duka of OrmOod, voU ii. 
p.513.'— Burnet, 16^. 

** adly, The pkc often changed its Ibape. The account given of it in the Parliament 
ITS iBfEereni from that which'had been delivered to the Privy Council, and the evidence 
lanced in the trial of Individuals belore the judges difftfred from both. Soroers* CoU 
voL L p. 44. Some of the votes of Parliament, pirticolariy that' which related to the 
jwyr****^ of the Qgeen, involved the perjury of Gates and Beiiloe. Joum. Com. paffim. 

** tSfff The vehement and invariable proteflations of innocence made by all who 
foffered 00 account of the plot, is a circumflaoce entitled to great weight, when cnnncd^ed 
^h tha a^ova oMervatioiu- Nor will the univerfal credit given to the rumour of 
f^ plot, and the ^eal with which it was profecuted, appear unaccountable, when tha 
peculiar circumftances of the times are attentively confidered. 

M ift. The deep Inrror of the people of England at popery, aarakened and heighten* 
ad by tba Dulce of' Yorl^'s cooverfion to that religion, prepared them to litUn with 
davo^riog credulity to every tale til danger ariftng hiom that iburce. The difcovery of 
Ilia iorie f ponjienca of Charles with France, and his attachment to her intereO, always 
tmMnri with tha iptroduaion pf popery and the rum of England, railed the credit ol 
iba rritneflas 10 a |>itch to whifh i^ could not have atuined at any other period $ eftablifhad 
aa iaaaglnary opnapAion of fads, fwrhich fuppUed the warn of dheA proof, and fet afida 
aaaoy ftnng and fpfptdops pircnmflances'. Thus the paragraphs in Coleman*s Lettera, 
frhich referrM ^ the (ecrcC league becwaen piaHes and the Court of France, appeared to 
pertboa who were ignorant of that league^ to carry unfMbted evidenoe of tlia exilience ol 
fheplDl* Sea Sae.lfift. off Europe, vol. i. p. 131, 

f* 2^9 Tl9 sffepMPW «4 Uit dsligsi^ of tha Itadsn j^f hS^, and paitkiilarty 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



chiefiy occupicxl, are fo liappily comprefT- 
cdy that though they cxct^ the ccfm- 
jpafs of an oiUinary cxtra<5t, we will not 
ilcny our reaJei s the pleafuieof perufing 
thotein favour of one fide of the queftion, 
affiiring them, at the fame time, that 
equal juftice is done to thofe in favoujr of 
the other fide, and that our only reafon 
for ieie£ling the arguments for the 
Exchifion isy their taking up lefs 
room. — 

•* On the one fide It was pleaded, that 
dangers extreme aitd unprecedcDied called for 
%gw and extraordinary mrafurcs of defence. 
"Was ic po(&t>Ie that any man could be U> 
%\wd as not to appreh.'nd the utmod djinger 
to liberty and to the Protcftai.t religion, from 
the fucceifion of a Prince c'evoted to tbe 
laith and the Coart of Rome ? Nothing but 
»») overgrown picch of 2eal anJ of bigotry 
could account for the temerity of the Duke 
of York, in venturing to make an open 
irrofefTion of thb religion at fo ci itical a con- 
jonflure, arnl at the hazard of being here- 
after excluded from the fuccefllon to the 
•Town, What a^ivity might not be ex- 
pe^ed from fuch zeal, and what fuccefs 
anight not a^^ivicy armed with {tower be 
abie to atchieve ? What Was to be expeA* . 
ed, hut that ihe Royal favours virould he re- 
gulated and difpenfed by the di^tes of a 

mifgoided confcienct } and that the beack^ 
the na/y, and the army, would be quickly 
filled with profelytes to the Roman Catholic 
faith ; nor would the members of ibe ec* 
clefiaflica] eQabliihmenC remain uncontami- 
iiated. If thofe who held the moA dignified 
offices in the church were little alarmed 
about the fate of tl^eir religion j if they 
were more than other men obfequious to the 
will of the Court ; if they had haherto 
afforded the moft (leady fupport to tl»c iii- 
lercft of the Duke of Yotk; was it not a 
melancholy preface of a complaifance, which 
miglu one day furiender the client ial rights 
and privileges of the Frotcftant Church?— 
Kur was it to be iljubted, but i^at under 
the aufpiccs of a Roman Catholic Prince, 
new members would obtrude in^ the 
facred funQion, with the treacherous pur« 
pofe of fuh verting that very iniercrt wh'ch 
tiicy fi)Ieam!y engaged to proleft. Under a 
Popifh Pnnce, his favourite religion muft 
every day be gaining ground. Both ancient 
and modern lii^ory exhibited fufficient ex- 
amples to prove, that the religion of the 
Prmce foan became the religion of the People. 
In the fhort period of the rei'^n of Julian, the 
churches were demoliihed, the templet 
arofe with renewed fplendour, and were re* 
plenifhed with images ; Chriftianity de* 
dined apace, and the darknels of idolatry 

ibe' rnicommon talents and the indefatigable induflry of Shaftefbury,' were employed, if not 
in tl)e firlt inttance, to fabricate evidence in fupport of the exidencs of the plot ; yet, un^ 
«k>ubted;y, to impiove every rumopr and external event to the greatelt advantage, bf 
cherlthing the credulity and exciting the terror of the nation. See Shaf.cfbury*s Trial, 
5ute Trials, vol. iii. Copies of Oate&'s Narrative were circulated through the nation : 
Every new dsfcovery was difparched with incredible expedition, and with circumftances 
of aggravated horror, to the remocefl parts of the country. The calamities of nature and 
of accidiini, as they bc(t fuited their purpofe, were interpreted, either as providential 
warnings of national danger, or as the efic^s of the malignancy of the Roman Catho- 
lics, conne^eU with the plan of extirpating the ProteAants. Journ. Com, t^th 
April 1679. 

** 3d:y, TKe pufilbnimiry of the King, and the diihonefl p<iHcy of his Minifies, 
fO'opciated W'lh the fchemes ard the Isboursof thofe uhofe inierelt ii was to eftabliih the 
belief of the ploc. Life of James. 16S0, 

f^ i^thly, The invitations, pardons, and rewards, held forth to informers and witneflss, 
prodtKcd (uch an accumubtion of evidence, that it was no woodei if fomewhat was called 
Irnm it that was fpccious and imporii^. 

** Sihly, The violence and partnhty of the judges, particularly of chief jtt(lice Scroggs, 
|M)t only difpenfed with the mo(t cifeiuial qualities of evidence, hue trampled upon the prin** 
ciples of juOice, and tiuis gave a fandion tu that latitude which the prejudice of every roan led 
|)im to adopt, in the interpretation of proofs adduced in fupport of the reality of the plot. 

" 6:ldy, The difcov«ry of*s correrpondcn9e, and the expre0iiun)i in fome of 
bis letters, though nu proof of the identical plot difcovered by Oates, nor involving the 
privity of others, yet manifen^d fo much of that fpirit of refileis inti'igoeand violent 
bigotry which ch^^erife rhe Roman Catholic religion, that they may be eafily fuppofed to 
have piod'jced a mighty infiucnce in raifing an alarm, and fully convincing thofe wIk> 
were alarmed. L'EHrange. Koit^'s $x<t(oeo, p. i^^ and |6j.^r^oaier8' Qui. vli« 
f. z6a.— Wdwood^ p. i;i}/' ^ 

m «^ 

Digitized by 




igaio orerfliadowed the nationr. While 
the Romao Empire was agitated by the 
Trinitarian controverfy^ with what (Grange 
flexihility did maUitudes, in obedience to 
Che Imperial Edifis, turn from Athanafian- 
Ifm to Ariamfm, and from Arianifm to 
Athanafianifm ? More recent and dome/tic 
examples led to the fame eonclufions.^- 
Upon the focreflSon of Queen Mary, hifhops, 
privy cooncHIors, and many of every ranlCy 
avowed her religion, who had pn/fed for 
iound proteftants in the reign of Edward the 
Sixth. Upon the death of Mary, and the 
accefiion of a Prtrteftant Princcfs, an in- 
ferred revolation of religious fentiments 
took place. 

" New converts to every religion have 
always been fourid moft eagtr and moft in- 
duftrieosto propagatcthelr favourite opinions. 
"Where a Prince had imbibed the principles 
of the Roman religion from the prejudices of 
an early education, natural mildnefs of tem^ 
per might perchanc? check its violent and 
iotolerant fpirit; various occupations and 
amnfemeots might divert the mind from 
yielding to the peculiar tendencies of the 
faith with which it was imprcff;d. But 
when a perfon born a -Protdtant had 
voluntarily made choice of ttie • Roman re. 
ligiooy wa:i not this a certain indication of a 
temper congenial with its fpirit f V\'hat 
was to be expe£led> but chat fuch a one 
would entirely furrcnder his mind to every 
impreffion and to every tendency it was 
lorined to promote; and, as far as his in- 
floence exteoded, advance them with im-> 
plicit zeal ? 

■< It was impolllble, it was argued , tliat 
any eupcdients dcvifed by humsn \Vifdom 
coald guard againl) fuch manifold and fuch 
preffiDg dangers. Like the cords of t!.e 
PhilHlines, quickly broken by tha returning 
^rength of the Jewish ch:)mpien,aU limitations 
and Teftridionc, whatever misnt be cxpsifi- 
cd from them at a diflance, would di (appear 
ac the touch of the Royal fceprer : oor 
could the moft folcmn'tfes and fcfleve- 
racions be relied upon, when pronourccd 
by the fame lips, and fubfcribed hy the fame 
liaod, which aflTignftl tolhe fiipreme head of 
the church the power of difpenfiug with 
moral obligation j and even held it a meii- 
toricu deed to break faith with t.creiics. 
Whatever obedience the Prince exacted 
from his own fubjc<^s, he would rh nk 
ti«n*fclf bound to yitid ro the fpir.tiial 
Ibvereign, ro whom he had voluniorlly de- 
voted himfelf. TliC temper, the djfpofi- 
twns, and the wifdom of the Princ«, how- 
ever fuperior they migltf be, amid be of no 
ftffaoi (o his fubit^* ioo Fope» tiie (ove- 

reign of the fovereign, would' h^e wWi »b* 
folute (way in the couuctts of the Eoglfll 

•* There was no occafion to neforr U0 
foreign hiftorv for examples of the mdiwr- 
choly tth&.s of fuperftitious tyranny upon t4» 
minds of its Royal votaries. In th« 
annals of the Britifti flory, there is not stk 
example of conduct more difgraceful t* 
royalty than that of Queen Mary to tha 
men of Suffolk. *I>id not (he fdemnly pro* 
mife, that they thould enjoy the free excn- 
cifc of their religion ? They too eafily ber» 
lievcd her, and became the chief infh-umentk 
of featiog her upon the throne. Faith stA 
gratitude were violated ; the pangs of le-. 
morfo and the ftruggles of honour wef% 
extinguifhed by the ftcrn diAates of prioiftt^ 
authority; and the firft exertions of her 
power were difplayed, by confignirg to ttm 
fl<mcs the very men who had conferred it. 
The Gunpowder Plot, the madacres in Parb 
and in Ireland, were tremendous evidences 
of a fpirit of violence, which no ties, neither 
facred nor civil, were fulficient to fetter <3r 
to tame. 

** Precedents of law were not wanting t^ 
jurtify a meafure recommended by reafDfi. 
nccelTity, and fear. The right of Heiwy 
the Fourth was entirely foended npon an 
A€t of Parliament : the right of Henry tkm 
Seventh was alfo eflabliHied by an A6t o£ 
Parliament : and did not his fon Henry tbm 
Eighth virtually acknowledge, that th© 
power of altering the- lucceffion was veCbei 
in Parliament, when he applied for a 
{tatu:e as often as his fickle aff&dl ions led ttidi 
to change the fucceflion of the crown ? Im 
the firft year of Qaeen Elizabeth, ParliamciM: 
recogniEed her litlel Did they not repeat- 
edly extend their authority to the future fuc-- 
cefTion, by ena(5ling,. that wliofotvcr (lio«34 
claim their title lo tlie crown during the Itfc 
of Ellzabtth, iboufd be rendered incapabla 
of fuccteding to it-?"** 

The following charaflcr of Charle* 
may not be unacceptable : 

'' It is. not to be denied that nature iia4 
furttiHied the mind of this prince with a 
more than common fhare of genius and td(le» 
AfTabiliiy, iprightlif>ef?, wit, and gooi 
breeding, conveyed an amiable view of ^ja^ 
chara^er to ihofe who fortcndered jtidgmont 
to ihq fudden and trnr.fient irapreilk>n« «f 
cor.verf;ition and external mmnerfi 

" Tried by that fyllem which^ ataiVea 
tranfcendant merit to the Graces, few Rc^al 
charaflcrs appear more d<.lcrving of ^p|>lavf« 
and adpiiraiion : few - u 11 fta«d lower^in 
the decifion i)f rhofe who ho!d moral accent* 
pl:£bmcnts to be lUe mod elilntial oi namentt 



«< Wlchouc any f«ii€i ol nitgioai prkid* 
ple» wigpuM u hit owro firieodtf aii4 dw 
Irtendsof hii father) timai whd ftii^hMlmg 
in bit couiiciU ) deHiCufii ci all pratenlions 
to pairkictiint cftr ready to laerifloe the 
Intoreft and glory ai hit country to the gra* 
fiAcation oi bit pleaCurett and the foppfy U 
te wamt i what remaint to claim the ap- 
probacioo» or reftrain the (efereft r^roecb, 
.0f iopartial poAerity ? 

** The ikisbdion which Charlet enjoyed 
in the latter penod of hit reign, on aocoonc 
mi hit triumph over the whig party, bnift 
lia?e been grsatly dimioiflied, by the peribnal 
jnortifijiatioot he incurred, fitMB the infolence 
and tbe^reachery of France. How psdnfiil 
noft it have been, to difoo?er that Lewie 
liad been intriguing with thole very peribna 
in England, whom be bad coofidered at 
onemiet to hit own government, md to the 
interefl of France 1 Nay, lb little refped 
did Lewis diow either to the honour or the 
domeAic tranqaillity of Cbarlei, that be 
wat aoceflbry to a defign of cxpoiling him to 
the contempt o£ hit fubjc^t , and of all 
Xurope, by a poblkaiaon of the fecret treatiet 
¥y which Charkti to bit di(grace> had con- 

nested himfdf with the Court of FrMe»,^» 
The encroachmenu which the French liioi 
made upon Flanderl, were a mockery <jI ihn 
engagemeott into which he had entered with 
Charlet by die iaft money treaty. Hit in* 
vafion of the prtoctpality of Orapge wat » 
infult to the Royal family of England. 
A circumftance which, we may believt^ 
made a deeper impreifion upon the mind o(f 
Charlet, wat the withholding the penilon 
promifed to him, for remaining an indiflarent 
^peAator of f«ich outrageoot uforpationt, at 
1 timo when he wat reduced to the utmoft 
dithvfs on account of hit oontra^led and em« 
barrafled revenue* Thus, like the unhappy 
female, who hat fallen a prey to the foaretof the 
Ucentiout feducdr, robbed of her iimocenoe^ 
and cheated ef the reward of her proftitution» 
coDfigBed to infamy and to poveity, Charlet* 
if any fpark of fentibility remaified, mod 
have been torn with all tbofe panp of re* 
morfe and of (hame, which refult from the 
confcioQfoeit of the bafdi Iniquity, and 
moft egregiout folly." 

Ail who are acquaintod with the chi« 
ra£(«r of tliit facetiout monarch, will 
fmilc at the companion between him and a 

( 7ohe cottthmid. ) 

Caermartdnihirt. A Sketch of its Hiftory, Andquitiet, Mountains, and I^rodae^r 
tion|. Intended tt a Pocket Companion to thofc wh» make the Tour of that 
Country, iimo. Dcbrett 179a* as. 6d. 

n^fllS is one of thole dftful Vade 
''- Meciims which travellers diroogh fo 
plealant a country as Caemanronihire 
l:ave lone wanted. It comaros an ac- 
count ot every thing which deferves 
notice in a tour which exhibits various 
beauties of art and nature, equal to any* 
- thing other nations have to product, and 
whidi ought to. be known to our own 

countrymen before they let out in queft 
of foreign wonders. We give our ap« 
probatiou of this work, however, moM 
from the defign than the ezecotioii. It 
might hate ^en made more entertatning 
and inftnif^ive than at prefent we can al« 
km it to be. It is indeed too fl^ aai 

Poems, by Charles James» Royal 0£hnro« Price One Guinea. l>ebrete« 

n^HIS very elegant volume recommends 
''' it(elf to aSt public attention and 
favom-, not only by the beautiful manner 
in which it it printed, and the engravincs 
with which it it decorated, but by the 
merit of the variout poetry which it con- 

Mr. Jsmes introduces his work with a 
well-wrttten prtrface, which is not alto- 
gether fo faivourable to critics and criti- 
cifm as we might wi(h } but as we are 
Bot capable of £nng irritated i»to injuiUce» 

or feduced into flattery, we fluH proceed 
to ^ive our candid opinion of the claims 
which the Author poffeffct to the charac- 
ter of a poet. Indeed, though we wert 
not a^wayt fatit/ied widi bit ItlSkr piecet^ 
when hit mufe trifles in extempore, and 
fixes, in the fpace of a few coupktt, fome 
accidental anid interefting circumftancc 
that prefented itfelf to her attention, yet 
we muil do Mr. James the jidHce to oh« 
ferve, that elegance it often found in his 
miiccUancotts trifl(s<*>that bis elegiac 


zed by Google 

ton August 



tompofittofit aire replete with tendemefs, 
ftnH that his epiftles and did^£l*c poemt> 
which are evi entiy the moil laboured of 
LU works, po(Ct(% very fine pans, ilul 
place him among the iirft poetical 
Writers of our period. 

Ihe " Epiiile from Petrarch to , 
Laura** breathes that ftrain of refSned, 
Unconquerable (enfibility, which is the 
interefting cbara6teriftic of the Genius of 

" The Vanity of Fame,'' addreffed to 
Sir Carnaby Haggerfton, hns no incon* 
fidcrable (hare of dida^ic merit | perhaps, 
if it h<Kl been compreffed into a fmaller 
fpace, the efFe6^ of the poem would have 
been coniiderably increafed, ^ 

" The Year 18005 or, It Will Be 
So,'» — a title of which we do not very 
clearly difcern the meaning, is fvperior 
in point of ftrength and arrangement to 
the fbmner poem. The fatire, in numy 
parts of it, (s happily direfted, power. 
tuUy expreiTed, and ^ctfully illuf- 
trated. The fubje£t is not fo fufceptible 
of poetic beaiity as many others in die 
volume ; but, for ftrength of thought and 
energy of ex predion, it takes the lead of 
them ail* 

The *<Epiftlcof Acontiusto Cydippt^*' 
'from Ovicf, confidered as a claiucal 
tranflation , is, in our judgment, the beft 
leprefentation of the Roman Poet's 
e[u/lolary compofitions in our language.— 
Mr. James has not fuffered himfelf to be 
(educed from his original, a deie^ fo 
common in all poeticsJ tranflators. In- 
deed, though he has, in the laft page of 
hit volume, taken leave of the Mufes, we 
fincerely hope that he will recall the rafh 
^ Vow, and court them once again, if it be 
only to give thofe who cannot tafte the 
beautiful epiftles of Ovid in their original 
Imguajge, an opportunity of reading them 
in a complete aod uniform tranilation 
from his pen. 

In the " Epiftle of Abelard to Hcloife,*' 
tiie Poet has availed htmfelf of all the 
wen-kno^vn and af!i^ng circumftances 
which render the htllory of that faith- 
ful and unfortunate pair To interefting to 
the tender roiiid. This poem, without 
being deficient in that impaiTioned fenti* 
iBcnt which its fobje^ demandt, poUe/Tes 
all the genuine nature which has been fo 
nmcfa admired in the original correfpon- 
Aoce, as banded down to tis from the 
twtlfrh century. 

But that we may not appear to arrogate 
10 ourfelvet the privilege of dieting to 
•he judgment of othtri. wt (ball eive a 

(hort extras from an *^ £pi(lle wHtten t* 
a Friend on the Continent.'* 

^ O Thames, majefiic guardian of tht 

Where Beauty triumphs and the Oracas 

-reign I 
Where lingering Freedom, at her taft retreat^ 
In Briiifh liberty maintains her feat t 
( \nd may that liberty, my pride and boaft I 
Unaltered flooriflidn our envied coaft I) 
Oh how I wHh to mufe along thy fide, 
Far from thy neighboiir's poverty and pridt-; 
Pad oV each cbarnH each li^ IcMia 

And with rememWance many a joy pnrfiia^ 
Oh how I long thy fruitful banks to fee. 
The fp9cioos meadow, and the windioK lea | 
.The peaceful vale ,wbereflow*n onnumbet^d 

Where nature wantons in h^ ehoiceft dyes. 
And earlieft tepbyn from the fonth repair^ 
To gather fragrance for the vernal year 1 
What if Italia boaft a ck>udle& iky, 
And France unrivalled luxuries fopply$ 
In fervile Unguor droops Opprefiion*s flave^ 
While Briuin triumphs ou her native wave. 
A^ve and bold her dauotlefs cfaUdraA 

Each country gleaning for their dearer hooa^ 
On Calp6's blazkig beight^or in the vale 
Where Echo murmurs to the peaceful gate» 
Unbroken ftill the vigorous Brkon moves. 
Each danger fmiles at, and bis freedom 

Sees, with exulting tranfport in hts eyes, 
From native oaks triumphant navies rife t 
No ties reftraio him, and no views controolf 
The patriot brightening on the fstber*! 

foul I— 
From all the pleafures tX doineftic Ilfe^ 
A prattling infant and a tender wife. 
From ev^ry relative that fooths bek>w. 
The Briton plunges on his country *s foef 
Looks at deftroAion with unaltered eye. 
And drops, if conquered, wnh a patriot*a 

figh. . 
Alluring thooghtl on which my feol hat 

And fondW triomphM m the pride (he feltf 
' When rip ning manhood bade her pant fuT 

And all my wi(hes were a fo*dler*s name. 
Ah ! why fo foun the B^ittV^ng dream d»* 

And hiv' me mourn imaginary joy f 
I To eomforts dearer than ambition knows, 
ReHeAion leads, aiid potncrme to rrpote. 
BKk through the paths of gutlckfs youth I 

And tryeeiwUb naoy a figb^ native trove« ^ 

^ Jigitized by GoOgfc Ah 



Ab fcenes belo?'d ! to me moiv precious 

Than all the gay magnificence of war ! 
How throbs my heart to meditate eacli 

Ttie hawthorn twining thro* the darkling 

The Qighicd bluebell peeping thro' the corn. 
The rofe oncultor^d, and iu fcented thorn : 
Dear Icenes of youth, of innocence «od 

Wliere virtue chann'd, for not a vice coald 

Compared ro yon, how grandeor fmks awayi 
A gilded torture in illtifion*s ray I 
With you — divefted <.f her ufelefs pride, 
No art to cheat— or prejudice to guide- 
Plain nature triumphs, onadorn'd and fair, 
Without one teafing fafti'onable care. 
And though the vain, the giddy may con- 
Her ruflet garb, and all her ways condenra ; 
Yet hence the bicffings of a kingdom rife. 
And hence is drawn the very wealth they 


From a volume of Poems containing 
near 400 pages, it Is impoflible for us to 
do all that the felf-love of an Author 
might induce him to wifli or expe^ but 
we certainly mean to gratify Mr. James's 
Yanity, as well as to do juftice to his 
merits, by giving at length the following 
Ode, written among the ruins of an abbey. 
It is a vtry fpirited compofition, repm 
with fancy, and full of moral beauty, 

T I M B, 



TIME conquers a///— I heard the fomul 
Echoing thro* yon mould VIng tow V j 
Where fculptiir'd ruins load the ground. 
And Ivy forms a folitary bowVj 
Where midnjght owls retreat, 
And feir.dinrcfTiog Melanchol^i reigns i 
Save when tumultuous ravens meet, 
. And pierce the gl(M)my round with (hrill uo- 
tuneful (Irains. 
Hark ! once more the/ound I hear— 

Sorrow*s accents flow the fame | 
All is hufliM, and Fancy's ear, 

Lift*ning, turns to whence it came, 

*Tis (he 1— the threadbare garment ftrei 

In tatters to the galec 
Her wafting cheeks and hollow eyes 

Give awful (an^ioa to (ht Mufe's 

*Tis (be ! *tis drooping Art, 
Tliat fees her monumenu and trophiA 
Before the touch of Timers keen dartj 
While (low decay confumes, and gemly (ape 
thro* all. 
See ! beneath yon crumbling bnft 

On her trembling hand fhe leans { 
Wrapped in monnmental daft, 
Not a perfe^ line remains. 

Time eonqueri all! The young, the giy. 

The valiant, and the old» 
Mud^fpite of Hope\ alluring ray, 

ThiWruth adore, and bt what tbty hthoid. 

The breathing Hone (hall feel 
A tyrant ruin on its ftru^ure prey j 
And fading colour muft reveal 
That Painting is, at heft, a momcniary day. 
View my lov'd Palmyra" fpread 

Crumbling o'er the barren foil ! 
Whither are its beauties fled ? 
What avaird the mighty toil ? 

Embalmed beneath yon pUe is laid 

Triumphant Folly's fon ; 
Ev'ry glorious feat's difplay'd. 

His waning chiefs', his fddiers* and 
his own. 
The pyramid may ttU 
The crimfon horrors of infenfate war: 
How muft cefleftion pitying dwell. 
To find thofe funk in duft who rode on 
viA*ry*$ carl- 
Fen for Heaven's eternal year. 

When we leave this earthly round. 
What's the tale that's whifper'd here ? 
Can it pierce the callous ground ? 

Timi <Ofifuers «///— Crelrioo feels» 

And trembles as he treads; 
The traitor hen in ambulh fteals, 

Tbtrt waves his fcythe, and defblatioo 
E'en preft and dofely hound. 
Shorn of bis wings the God of Raptore 
No more his (hafts can w«qpd ; 
His ligbtninp languifh and his magic dies. 
Faflion from the wrinkled brow 

Sick'niog lums his fated eye s - 
Pulfes ceafe to throb and glow, 

Breafts to heave, and bearu to fig b« 
The fun exhaofted in his orb. 
The ftars fliaU melt away, 
Ixulting Time the whole abforb, 
And quench expiring day. 

Of darknefs po.w'r fupreme, 
Outliving light, the (hapelefs wAh^ 
f ways t 
While Nature's parting beam 
Shoctf o'er the dreary waiie|aad in k$ sloom 

OigitizQtJ by VjOOglC O'tr 

FOR AUGUST, 1791. 


0*«r tht gen*ra1 chaos fpread 
All that's humin gooe and paA ; 

Still be lifts his hoary head. 
Of creation fM and lait ! 

Yet Time himfeir— from heav'n I hear 

The facred truth dcfcend— 
With all his fpoUs (ball difappear, 
' And in Eternity the triumph end. 
Prom his grafp behold 
Relioquiib'd Love l)is quivVing plumo 
difplay ! 
New-born, and uncontrourd 
By eirtby weigbr, he foars, and floats in 
eodie(s day. 

Struggling ftill, and dill ondone 1 

In ihe wreck and wafie of tilings. 
See bim hurl'd from Nature's throne, 
, TIME, the vanqudh'il king of kings I 

Of the poetry of this volume our rcadcrt 
are fully qualified to form an accurate 
opuiioi), from the ex trails offered to their 
attention; and we cnnnot but add, that 
our expectations look forward to its be- 
coming a favourite wiih readers of tafte, 
fenlil^Uityi and cUiTical knowledge. 

Eighty-nine Fugitive Fables in Vcrfe ; Moral, Prudential, and Allegorical j Original and 
Sele6led. Svo. 3s. 3d. in Boards. Murray. 

palTed fome of his laft hours in compofing 
thefe concife, but infti.iflive allegories. 

iThas long been acknowledged, that hu- 
'' man difpofitions are feJdom favourable 
to intiru6lK)D. Men are not plepfed to be 
taught ; nor will they fuffer patiently the 
dryncfs of the moit wiioleibme advice. The 
iBtellf^ual eye is as much overpowered at 
the naked light of Truth, as the human 
Ihrinks from tlit bright leverity of noon I 
To temper the ardour which would con- 
fimie, yet ftill to prefcrve the warmth 

It is certain that we ha,v^ not cultivated 
this ufeful province of poetry with that 
luccefs which has attended our progrefs in 
others. Before the labours of Gay we 
recolle£l no coUeClion of Fables in verfc 
that merits to be diitihguifhed. He has 
indeed prcfcnted ut with the corrcfleft mo- 
del for this fpecies of poetic compoHtion. 

which would dieii/h, has -called forth the Moore, with fomething of a more elevated 

cjertions of Fabulists, In a word (to poetry, but wiih Icfs of his charming iim- 

drop our figure), it was found uecefTuiy plicity, has deiVived a feat next to our 

by Morallfts to amufe, while they inllru^l- agreeable Fabulift. Since their time va- 

(d ; they perceived that the only mode of nous attempts have been made with various 

fecuring a recq>tion for Truth was by fuccefs ; what merited a better fate, pe- 

^gal^ng hei' with all the playful varieties rifhed by the fugitive nature of their pub* 

of Fidion. A molt brilliant and alluring licaiion. 

drcfs was cbofea when Fablb was m- 
ycntcd. We know not to wliom we are 
iiidebted for having opened one of the mofl 
pleaiant roads to a knowledge of human 
afl^rs. It is indeed an invention of the 
rcmotcft antiquity, yet which ftill, and will 
for ever, when employed by a writer of 

To revive this branch of elegant indruc* 
tion appears to be the obje^ of the Editor 
of ihis'Mifccllany : The preicnt collection 
(which, it is laid, contains Icveral originair 
Fables, tho^ they are not diAinguidied) is 
chiefly formed ot thefe little fcatteied pro<« 
dufiions. J'he Volume, while it is well* 

taJeiKs, delight with all the charms of adapted to engage the attention o\ young 


It is the privilege of Fable to be ap- 
piicable to all the Oiveriities of human life j 
to paint the virtues and the vices of men 
in glowin?, yet in faithful colours; to 
awaken, while it leenis not to offend, th© 
remorfc of the guilty ; and when it dc- 
foibcs oiir follies, to laugh us into ftnfe. 
PcrfoQs of a mature age are ainuled when 
ti»ey Inipea truths, the force of which they 
ba^c. experienced throughout hfe; and 
*lwfe the young onl^ fcarch for araufe- 
Bcnt, they are rnlenfibly formed to a 
pbit of refle6lion, and are initiated 
into all the myltcries of the world, with" 
out the danger of its contamination. So 

readers, will cer>ainly form their tal[e and: 
their moi-als. What the.Editor has under^ 
taken, he has executed with ability. His 
arrangement is clafFical, and his ft-Ie^^tions 
are, tor the great<jr part, uiiexccptionabie. 
We fliail tranlcribe Ibme fpecimens ot this 


IN an apartment where expence 
Appeared in full magmhccii^e, 
A LooKiMO-OLAts, of ncatcfl taOe^ 
Within the m:d<Jle pannci pUc'd, 
Gather*d from SoPs meiidi in hL ze 

f-'i V » , "- '■^•"— •. " ^'""^ ^^ Cyatheru from bol 6 meiiUiinDkze 

l«*Iy perfuaoed v^as the en ig^itened So, Th'sffcmblagc of bis icattcr'd raxs,oOQle 

«ra:w of die utihty ot Fables^ that he ^^....., i^^^gi^ 



And (hot (in bo?lrowM fplendor bright) 
Acroft the room a ftood of Tighi, 
High on a ftand of (attin-wood 
An OtANOi-TRiE obli#iuely ftood, 
Whom thuf, of fancy 'd power poJfeTi'd, 
The (elf-conceited Glafs addrefh'dj 
« By my kind inAoenoe behold 

* How fair thy tender budt anfol4, 

* Which, but for all my folVring ray, 
< Their beauties never would difplay. 

* Should not (uch gay expanded bloGm, 

* Such plealing verdure, high perfume, 
« Thy mind with grateful rapture raifCf 
« To render ibme return of praife ; 

* Such as may fpeak both love and awe, 
« Left 1 my influence withdraw.' 

< Noogl«canihyjudgroentmoreiiiifgoid« 

* Than pride,* the Orange-tree replyM j 

* But for that paflion, thou wonldft know 
« 1 nothing to thy influence owe; 

* All the pcrfc^, oos which you name, 
. « From yonder glorious Orb I claim, 

t The fame whole partial beams I (et 
« Shine with foch radiance on thee, 

< And but for whoCa imparting light, 

« Thou hadft remain'd as dark a» night, 
f Then fcom not the advice I give,— 

< With gratitude ihofe beams receive j 

* But think not any merit thine, 

< Who only by refledioQ ftiine V 

If to thy happy lot 'tis given 
To be the inftrument of Heav/BQ, 
Reflea that thou can*ft nought difpenfis 
But that which tlK>u receiv'dft from tlience. 

1 M A G I N A T I O N't Search 


STRUCK with his charms whom all ad. 
Whofe beauties colder lio(bms fire, 

1m AG I MAT I ON ventur'd forth, 
To try if chance (he might dif cover 
' The haunts of HAtPiNits, her Lover, 

Nor fear'd ihe frowns of Wit or Worth. 
)7o blame could on her choice he thrown, 
\Vhen once the objedt's name was known. 

To Love*i gay Temple firft (he flies, 

And darts around her piercmg eyes ; 

• And is iiiy Hero here ?' (he cries— » 

* Perhaps he may,' the God replies* 
« But freely fearch my grove around, 

< Nor think your feUconfin'd I 
< His name our echoes all refouiid, 

< Perhaps his form you^U find.* 
The Nymph was pleased, her fearch renewed, 
Thro* eacli foft mate her love purfo^dj 
At every tu n his name (he heard. 

And much (hehop*d,and much (he fq|r*d| 
'Till as (he ran with rapid force, 
Fair Delicacy check*d her courfe | 
With eye fevere the lovely maid 
Ku(h'd for her friend, whUe (bMs (ht (jm4 i 

* I never thought to fee yon here ; 

* Without a veil too! fie, my dear! 

< To feek your lover ( and is this 

* A likely feat for fbber btifs ?— 

< Believe my words, and quick recede | 

< No Happinefs hves here indeed/ 
Iniaginition ftood correded. 

Then (wi(tly from her prefeoce fiew \ 
And (uon her wandering (\eps dtre^ed 
T* Amhition^s Palace, now in view* 
FixM on a mount of ftoep afcent 

The glittering fabric ftood j 
The way was ft ppery as (he went, 

And wet with human blood. 
Her lover's form on high was placM 

To tempt her fteps along ; 
But when the phantom (he embncM, 

It vant(h'd, and was gone. 
From hence with trembling hafte (he fpe^^ 
And to the realms of Riches fled s 
Confumpiive Care, and drop(}ed Pride, 
With tinfelPd Splendor here (he fpied* 
Dignity, Pomp, and Power (he faw. 
And Fa(hion, that keeps fouls in awe | 
Nor aught was wanting more or lefs. 
Save what (he (ought for, H.<ppinefs« 
What has our heroine next lo do } 
Her journey (he began to roe. 
For why } weVe all at fca again, 
No places now remain 
To tt7 our fonunes in, *tis plain \ . 
And yet ihis (ooli(h luckKfs love 

Would let her have no reft | 
Tho 'gamft it all (he could ftie ftrove^ 

Still It woulu flutter in her bre^ft* 
While thus (be Uiousht, and would haf« 

Sudden a vuice the fitence broke-p« 

< C me to my cot, defpairing m ii<l» 
« Tis mine aWuie to give you aid \ 

* Come to my cot, and live with ni^ 

* In unreproved pleafures free t 

< Cm)ten>, that fmooths the bed of Age, 
« Meek Peaco, that loves tlie hermiuge, 

< And Contemplation, hoary (age, 

* With me long time have deign*d to dwell) 

< And dignified my homely cell} 

* If yon (qch company can bear, 

* And will a while inhibit there, 
< Nur more your fearch renew, 

< Your lover will no longer fly \ 

* »Tis his to court when we deny, 
* And fly when we purfue *— 

The virgin weighed, and found her wljes 
Nor (cornM to own herfelf to bUme % 

Bat took fair Piety*s advice— 
Uncaird, the lover came. 



Upon the whole thisCompikmeiit clatmi 
our warmed approbation, and we can yen-* 
ture to i-ecommer.d it as a vaimbi^ acqui<« 
fiuoD to the jufcn^e Ubrar^ • 



PefigiM of the Church and Royal Monaftcry of Batalha, fituate in the Province of 
Ettramadura in Portugal, with an Hiftorical and Defcriptive Account of this famoua 
Gothic StniAurc, tranflated from the Portuguefe 6f Fr. Luis de Soufa, by James 
Muq>hy, Architc^. No. L 15s. Murphy, Charlotte itrect, near Great Portland. 

nnpiS work muft be intcrcftingto every 
^ £Dgiiihinan> tft the edifice which it 
^c(cribes was built by Don John, the firft 
Kng of Portugal, who married the Prin- 
eels Philippa, daughter of our celebrated 
John of Gaunt, Puke of Lancafter. The 
Architect is alib fuppofed to have been 
an Englifhman, together with many of the 
principal workmen. So much elegance, 
vmphcitY, and grandeur, we never recolle6i 
to have leen united in any one ftruflure as 
Batalha prefenta* Indeed the Gothic art 
here appears to have been carried to 
the greateft degree of excellence of which 
this fpecics ot architecture is capable ; and 
much praiie is due to the labours of our 
ingenious author in fele^cing fuch a noble 
ilru£lure for the purpole of iUuftrating 
the principles of the art ^ which he appeal's 
Id have done with (o much fcience and 
Biatbematical precifion as will render it, 
when completed, a moft elegant and in* 
tetetUng production. 

To the authors of the various difquid* 
tions relative to the origin of the Pointed 
Arch, the following extraCls on that I'ub* 
jeSi from P. a. of our author^s Introduc- 
tory Difcourfe, will not be unaccepuble t 
•• The writers who have hitherto treated 
on this fubjeCl have principally directed 
theu^ attention to the Pointed Aixh, which 
they feem to confider as the leading cha- 
raCtenilic of this fpecies of architeClure. 
Many difquiiitioDS have been written con- 
cerning its origin, but it ftili remains un* 
explained. I have beftowed^much thought 
•o this part, and flatter myfclf, that tho* 
tike conjectures i am now aoout to offer 
lefpeCUng iu origin are entirely new, thev 
will, upon mature ^onfideration, be al* 
kiwed to approach as near to certainty as 
the nature of the fubjeCt will admit. 

*' If the pointed archjbe conlida^ d«- 
tached from the building, its origin may 
long be fought for in vain i and indeed 
I imagine that this is the reafon it has 
«Uided the reftar^hes of fo many ingenious 

men j but, on. the contrary, if we examine 
it in a relative view, as a part in the com- 
pofition of the whole, it will become niorc 
eafy to account for its form, or for that 
of any other component part. If we take 
a coroprehenfive view of any of thefeflruc- 
tures externally, we /hall perceive that 
not only the arch, but every vertical part * 
of the whole fuperftruClure, terminates ia 
a point. And the general form, if viewed 
from any of the principal entrances (tbf 
ftation trom whence the charafter of aa 
edifice Ihould be taken), will be found to 
have a pyramidal tendency. The por- 
ticoes of the firft ftory, whether they be 
three or five in number, are reduced to 
one at tiie top, and this is fometimet 
crowned with a lofty pediment, which might 
more pioperly be* called a pyramid, as we 
fee in the tianlispt front of Weftminfter 
Abbey and York Minfter. If we look 
further on, in a dirtC^ line with its apex^ 
we frequently Jiie a lofty fpire, or pyramid^ 
rifing over the interfeCtion of the nave and 
tranlept. Each of the buttrefles and tur* 
rets is crowned with a fmall pyramid. If 
niches are inti'oduced, they are crowned 
with a fort of pyramidal canopy. The 
arches of the doors and windows terminate 
in a point i and every little acceffary oriia* 
mem, which enriches the whole, has a 
pointed or angular tendency. Spires, 
pinnacles, and pointed arches ^, are al- 
ways found to accompany each other, and 
very clearly imply a fyHem founded on the 
pi indoles of the pyramid. 

" It appears evidrnl, from thcfe inflan* 
ces, that the pyramidal form aCf ualjy exilft 
tlnoughuut the feveral component parts, 
and the general difpofiiion of the edifice 
approaches as near to it at leall as the or- 
dotuiance of an hilforical painting whicli 
is faid to be pyramidally grouped. Hence 
we may comprehend the reolon why the 
arch was made pointed, as no other 
form could have been introduced witk 
equal propriety, in a pyramidal figure^ m 

* <' As for fpires and pinnacles, with which our ol<)e(l churches are Tomeiimesj tmi 
Vwie modem ones are freqoemly decorated, I think they are not very ancient. The towert 
and turrets of cburcties boik by the Normans in (he firft century aUer their coming, were 
covered as platforms, with battlements or plain parapet walls. Some of ttiem indeed, buiE 
within that period, we now fee finifbed with pinnacles or fpires, which were additions fioof 
tke nodem flyle of pointed arches prevailed, for before we meet with none. One of ttie 
earlieft fpires we have any account of, is that of old Sc ?»m\\ finifhed in the year lis a 1 it 
was, I tluok, of timber covered with lead ; but not long after they began to baild cfaem of 
taosy ao^ CO MOi all their butuefliis in the (Mne oMioQer."— icntham's £ly, p. 40. 



anfwer the difFerent purpofcs of unifor- 
niity, fitDcfs, and ftrtngih. It is in vain^ 
therefore, that wc feck its origin in tlie 
^ranches of trees j or in the interietlion of 
Saxon ur Grecian circles ; or in the per- 
i^^tive of arches j or in any other acci- 
otntal concurrence of fortuitous circuin- 
fiances. The idea of the pointed arcb 
fucms clearly to have been liiggefted by 
liic pyramid ; and its origin muil confe- 
(juenily be attribuied, not to accident, but 
to ordination. 

« But granting for a moment that any 
of the above-mentioned conjectures M'ere 
true, we (hould be as far as ever from af- 
certainiog the prihciples of thefe edifices. 
There never was a fpecies of architci^ure 
the properties of which could be deter- 
mined from the arcb alone, ^ven in the 
Gothic, where it forms fo confpicuous a 
part, it does not govern in the compoQ- 
tion, but follows the general order of 
things, as it is not a caufe but a couco- 
mitaiit part, and its pointed termination is 
9 confequcnce arifmg from a general ac* 
mating principle. 

*< Whether the Gothic Archite£ls were 

the inventors of tliis arch, or borrowed the 
idea of it from others, is not eafy to de* 
termine } but it is very reaCbnable to fup- 
pcfe that it originated with themfelvcs, a* 
they were the only fcientific builder* 
known to have ufed the pyramidal figure 
in the coinpofition of theii' edifices, excopt 
the Egyptians * ^ and it is generally fup- 
pofed, that the latter were ignorant of the 
art of conftruiling arches, though inotlwr 
refpe^s an ingenious people. But the 
Goihic Arcliitcds, in uUur this arch, did 
no more, in my opinion, than the Greek* 
or Romans would have done in fimilar 
circumflances. For, if we fuppofe for a 
moment, that an Athenian Artifl of the 
ajge of Pericles, or a iloman Architect of 
the Auguftaii age, had been called in to 
finifh a Gothic ItruCture that had neither 
doors nor windows, he could not, I think> 
have introduced any other but the pointed 
arch, in an edifice where every part grew 
up to a point, without being guilty of a 
direft violation of the laws of art, and of 
the precepts fo firongiy inculcated in the 
architecture of his own country. 

Mwnoirs of the Literary and Philofophicd Society of Mandicftcr. Vol. Ill, 
(Ontlnuedfrom Vol. XXI. Pagi 286.) 


On the Cretins of the Vallais : By Sir 
Kichard Claytodi Bart. Jlead May 9, 

\F this very curious and well^written 
paper we mall, without any ceremony^ 
^ive a pretty copious view ; it is interett- 
ipg both to the Naturalift and the Mo- 
lalift, " To thofe who deny the cflFeas 
of local cauies,** fays the ingenious Au- 
tlior, *' and the influence of particular cli- 
ipates and ittuations, may be oppofed only 
the Cictins of the Pays de Vallais, a fet 
of beings above indeed the brute fpecies, 
but in every rcfp^^t below their own. The 
4i^ri^ tlieti.' b(:ings aye comprifed in, is 
part of the I^wcr Vallais, and takes in 
9bout thirty nUics in length and eight in 
breadth. Round Sion they are very nu- 
merous \ but they are moft fo between the 
bridges of St, Maurice and Ride. A f<^vv 
of them are to be found on each fide, and 

at each extremity ; but they thengradut 
ally difappear. C^tfl in the fume^mould 
with the reft of mankind, they have mod 
certaiply its form, but one lool^s in vain 

*< The human face divine,*' 

illumined with fenfibility, and lighted uf 
with the ray of underftanding,'* 

We are informed that the degrees of 
idiotifm vary among them » " Some have 
a fort of voice, but the deaf and dumb 
are very numerous ; and there are multi'* 
tudes wJK) are even mere animal machines, 
and devoid of almoft every fcnfation. In 
point of itature, four feet and a half is the 
ttandard they reach in general, and it is 
i'eidom exceeded more than a few inches. 
Their countenances arc pale, wan, and 
livid ; and, exclufrve of other external 
marks of imbecility, they have the moutlv 
very wide, and the tongue and lips un* 

* Tlie Egyptians, though ignorant of ths art of forming;^ arch, dofcd both Che internal 
9nd external apertures of {heir pyramids in a manner ihac refcmbled as near as pnlfible a 
pointrd arch. ** Jn the gallery or mrrow pnflTiges m the great Pyramid of Gize, and in- 
;hc two rooms of that winch is opened at S<rcara, ihe vault over head is formed by the gentle 
proje^ion of the Hones, one above another, u\\ tiiat approach to near a point at the centre,*^ ' 

Remarks on Prints by Rich4rd BalCun, fif^. p. 54« 

See ^0 Sandys^ View of the Vault oi lUe gtcai PyramkL 

Digitized by VjOO*v.^ ^ 



•oromon ly thick and large. Nature feem s 
iA(q td have exhaufted whh them all her 
tffons at H very early hour, and old age 
treads upon the heels of infancy. They 
die, refi^Iarly, young, and there are not 
any inftances of their arrirtng at the ad- 
vanced period of human life. The pro- 
pagation of the fpecies is the only appetite 
numbers of them are ever roufed by, and 
it rages with more than common violence." 
— *« In this deicription of the Cretin it 
ought to be oblerved, thofe only in th« 
fallci^ fenfeof the virord are to be included* 
In the different gradations, nature has been 
uniformly regular. Where (he has leaft 
varied from herfelf, the Crethi mod re- 
fembles mankind in a ^te of perfef^lon 
both in countenance and figure, reaches 
near its general Mature, and there is lefs 
difference in their rd*pe£lire periods of ex- 

" To confider fuch groupes of them as 
accidental," obfei-vcs Sir Richard, " is 
impoifible. There have been ^neratlons 
after generations of them ; and though 
their numbers vaiy in different families, 
fomc are ahnoft entirely compofcd of them. 
What praves, to a degree almoft of ma. 
tbcmatKal ccrtinide, mat there is fbme 
f hyfical reafbn for the dreadful fingtilarity, 
n the fingle circumftance, that a fami4y 
coming from a diitance to refide within the 
'difhid has, in a few years, occafion to 
iament, on its increafe, that idiotcy it was 
before a ftranger to. The fame argument 
has equal f^ceagainft its being tranfmitted 
from intermarriages with families whole 
anccftors had unfortunately a fhare in the 
calamiiv. The reverie of il^ pro[>orition, 
I have teen lately informed from very re- 
^Jeftablc authority, holds equally true ; 
and that Cretin colonies, removing from 
the difh-j6l and marrying only amongft 
thcmfelfes, after one generation, or at 
mcft two, iofe tite difguilful dilHn^lion 
they canit-d with them.'* It affords a 
pleafure to the mind, that the Government 
has at lati adopted falutary remedies for 
the total deftni^an of this degradation of 
the fpecies. 

To account for this fui'prinng cimim- 
flance, fome have laid a ilieis on the in- 
fluence of the imagination of the mother 
on x^foetusy which our author e^ily con- 
futes by ailedging the numbers of the un- 
h^ppy fubjc6ts. Others have attributed 
the misfortune to theiuppofed caufe of the 
goitres, fo very common in many of the 
S^iis peaianis, the water they di ink bcmg 
impregnated with fnow, tufa, and fome 
mineral fubftances wafhed down with it 
from the neighbouring mountains. This 
•or Author cottHdef s u likewiie yifionary. 

as the peafants of other places who arc fub- 
je^ to the goitre are free fr^m Cretinagc, 
** The air has been," by others, •' fup- 
pofcd to be the fole cayfe of the difalter. 
Throughout the whole country they arc 
found in, it is moft certainly unwhole- 
fomc. They refide, in faft, in a fort of vaft 
bafin, full of exceffive exhalations fronr 
the Rhone, and the marfhcs on its fides i 
and the reflc6^ion of the fun from the fur- 
rounding mountains, which are alnx)!! 
vertical, forms an atmofphere very fingn- 
lar for its humidity and heat/' The per* 
fpiration which this occailons produces 
** a lafTitude and indplence which imfbin^ 
the human frame f and afdng with them 
one meets with their ufual attendants, ex- 
ccflive poverty and fihh. Their joint pf- 
fefts on the human body it would be ufc* 
lefs to difpufc } but how they can curtaU 
the ftature, and coagulate the undci-fhnd- 
ing to fucli a wondeiful degree, is diffi- 
cult to afcertain." Our Author conclude* 
with a brief but very learned and ingc* 
nious diiquifition into the hiftoi^ of ihe 
human fpecies relative to the qucftion of 
dcCTadatron . " Air, water, aliment, in- 
dolence, and filth,'' he obferves jiiftly» 
** may be powerful caufes, and they be- ' 
come, undoubtedly, more forcible when 
combined, and when they have acquiitd 
increafed flrength from their contimted 
operation fof a long courfie of yeais en 
fucceffive generations." 

A Defcription of the Eye of the Seal : By 
Mr. Hey, of Leeds. Read oaober tti, 

This is a very accurate account of the 
cfilTeilion of two eyes of a Seal, from 
which it appears, contrary to what ha* 
been heretofore received, that " the optic 
n«frve is infcrted on the inner fide of tlie 
axis of the pupil, and not in the axis it- 
felf." Mr. Hey obierves, that " The 
fmallnefs of the pupil in this antraal it 
very remaikable. What there is in tte 
habits of.a feal to require tliis firu^ure, I 
cannot tell. It feems a generai law d 
Nature, that the pupil of the eye becones 
dilated atdeaili. But, un Ids this law be 
reverfed with refpe^ to the feal, its eye 
muil admit very little light, though at auj 
allow great diliin£lnefs of vilion*" 


ObfervatiOns- on the Knowledge of the 
Ancients refpefting Eleftricity ^ By 
William Falconer, M. D. F. R.S« 
Communicated by Dr. Percival. Reai 
May 1, 1788. 

In illuftrating his fubjed, Dr. Falco- 
ner, according to his wonted cuflom, 

' OiHJjga 



Brines to it all the ktrnipg of which it i% 
capable. From abundance of the moft 
reipeAable authorities it is (hewn» that the 
Ancients wet e acquainted with the attrac- 
tive power which cleflricity imparts to bo- 
dies, and alfo the effbas of the elearic 
ibock I and that they have minutely de- 
fcribed the fenfations occa^Dcd thereby 
upon the human body, 

Eflay on fome Druidical Remiins near 
Halifax in Yorkihire By Mr. Tho- 

' mas Barritt. Read Oaobcr 19, 17«7- 
•* About a m«le weftward of Saddle- 
worth Church, hi the county of Yt.i k, is 
a high hill, which commands an exitnfive 
profpca over the adjacent country. It is 
called by the neighbouring people Pots 
snd Pans, Upon the fummit ai^ abund- 
ance of large craggy ftones (of that fort 
generally called miU-ftone grit) lying Mat- 
tered up and down^ which, when viewed 
fi^m the eaft, look like the foundation or 
ruins of fome ftupendous fabric. One of 
thefe ftones, or rather two of them clofeljr 
loined togjether, is called the Pancake ; it 
IS of an irregular fquare form^ with ob- 
tufc angles, and hath upon its furface fuur 
baiins, hollowed in the ftone \ the largeft, 
being nearly in the center, is capable of 
holding eight or ten gallons of water, fome 
lay more : whether uiefe hollows be na- 
tural or artificial* it not known* This 

ftone I meafured, and found to be abotiC 
feveoty-fix feet in circumference. Ano- 
ther long uneven hole upon this ftone i« 
called Robin Hood's Bed. A little weft* 
ward of this is another ftone, about twenty 
feet in height, and about fifty-fix feet in 
citcumference at the bafe, but much nar- 
rower at the top, from whence proceed 
irregular'ftutinjgs or ridges, down one fide* 
of about two fSet Ions, hy fome fuppo(ed 
the efte^ of time, and by others the work- 
manfhip of art. More weftward, and 
near the valley of Greenfield, the ground 
is called Aldermans, and overlooks that 
valley oppofite to a large high rock called 
Alphian. Upon the level <? this ground 
is a fiffure in the earth, about twelve or 
fouiteen yards long, each end terminating 
in a cavernous bole in the rock, one M 
which is capable of admitting dogs, foxes* . 
or flieep ; the other large enough to re- 
ceive men. Neither of thefe cavities have 
been thoroughly explored by any one 
within memory. A perfon inrormeid roe» 
that he had gone into the larcer with a 
light, but returned after having gone 
down a (loping defcent of about fixty 
yards. Tradition ftys, into the other bole 
once went a dog, in full chace after a 
fox, but neither of them ever returned.** 
The Author, with much ingeniMs 
reafoning, confiders them as remains of 
Druidicu Worlhip. This eftay is iUuT- 
trated by a view. 

(7# bi CMtiMued.) 

A Voyage from Calcutta to the Mergui Archipdago, lying on the Eaft Side of the Bay 
of Bengal, &c. &c. By Thomas Foireft, Efq. Senior Captain of the Honourable 
Company's Marine at Fort Marlbro* in 1770, and Author of the Voyage to New 
Guinea* Quarto, il. is. Robfon* 

[Coittmuid from Vol. XXI. Pi^i 356.] 
H I L E Capt. Forreft was on the bred from a youth at Pondieherry ; be 

fpoke Siamefe, MaUys, and very good 
French i my veflel lay in TerowaRrad. 

'* Every morning, about eight o*clock, 
four Tellopys drew up befoce the door of 
Chyfong} they fpoke not a word, but 
looked demurelv on the ground : pre- 
fently a female unrant c.'.me out, •and put 


^ ^ Ifland Jan Sylon (or, as it is com- 
monly called. Junk Cylon), he vifited a 
Pagoda at the town or village of Terowa, 
which he defcribes as follows t 

" Here, at Terowa, there is a pagoda, 
huilt of timber, and covered with palm 
leaves} it is ferved by about twenty 

priefli, called Tellopys, who live in fmall about half a pound of boiled rice into each 

apartnients adjoining to the Pagoda, which 
WAfjM. be about fifty feet long and thirty 
broad. They, with uncovored (haved 
heads, wear a yellow garment, and carry 
m white wand in their hands about fi^t feet 
long. I faw there a Bengal Lafcar, a 
Moorman, who had deferted from his ftiip, 
and had been lodged and maintained 
many months by the charity of the Tello* 

•« Chyibof, 4vkh wboM I lired, was 

of their clean iron veflels, which thev held 
oat) another female fervant followed, and 
put into each veftel about two or three 
ounces of broiled fifh t they then walked 
in filence to the next houfe, one following 
the other, expe^^ing the fame \ they wait 
about half a luinnte at a door $ if nodiing 
is given, they go in filence to the next, 
without feeming difappointed. Having 
got a certain quantity of provifion, they 
renim to dieir coAVcat 


Jigitized by 


l^OR AUGUSt t79i. 


. . *«. "they do not marry ; but may leave 
tbe Pagoda when they pleafe^ and mix 
with the world. I /aw a young lad about 
ifourteen in the Pagbdaj, with a (haved 
head and yellow gaiment ; two ojr three 
days afterwards I faw him in a lay habit^ 
r hraiping with other boys at the river-Iidb ; 

- my iingoift alked him, at my defiie, why 
he left the Pagodft | the boy laughed, gave 
no anfwer, but ran off with his com- 
panions. Chyfong tt3kl me they did Sb 

> fometinies at Siam^ but not often."* 

, " The people of Jan Sylanj though they 

. eeneraiiy underftand the Malay tongue^ 

^itom their intercourfe with that people 

(greater formerly than now), fpeak the 

•Siamefe language, and write as we do from 

kft to right. They write remarkably 

ftraight, though without lines. 

" They refemble in feature the Malays^ 
with a good deal of the Chinefe look { ait 
well VBlkde, rather (lender. They are al- 
lowed to niarry as many Womeh as they 
can maintain % but the nr(( wife rules th^ 
boufeh'old, as in China ; and, as in China 
and Pegu, no woman can leave the country. 
I Chyfong had but one wife. 

** In mcft Malay toimtries where I have 
oeen, Atcheeii, Saiengofe in the Sti-alt of 
Malacca, Pera weft of 8atengore^ and 
Queda, as I have already obferved, the 
pnnce of the country is the chief mer- 
chant {-(bmetimes the only one of confe- 
^uence. Rhio, an ifland in the Malacca 
• Strait, where I never was, has, I am told, 

- the fame policy ^ a partial exception to this 
occurs at Atchccn.*' 

Our Author next prepares his readet 

to be acquainted with Atchkf.n, by 

quotations from Mr. Mariden's welN 

. wrote hiftory of Sumatra, in which iu 

former power is narrated. 

"In fbrmei* days, as we are informed 
by Commoilore Beaulieu in his voyage in 
1619 to Atcheen, publiflied by Harris, 
we And Atcheen to be a place of gi-cater 
coniideratioti than at prefentj and before 
Bt;iulicu^s time, in 1606, a Portuguefe 
fl^t» under Martin Alphonfo, landed a 
confiJcrable force, which was defeated by 
' the Atchceners, the Portuguefe having 
loft 300 men. We are alio told that, in 
1615, the King of Atcheen fitted out a 
fleet of 500 fail, of which 100 were laree 
gtl^s, ^rniflted by his Orankayos (men 

of fubftance), the whole force being 
60,000 men : a tlefperate engagement en« 
fued, in which the Atcheeners loft 
»o,ooo men. Allowing thefe accounts to 
be true, ahd Mr. Marfden, in his late 
jull account of the iHand Sumatra, gives 
his authorities, the kingdom of Atcheen 
feems to hive dwindled as much as their 
former enemies and rivals, the Portuguefe^ 
in India.*' 

Alter this Capt. Forreft gives an accouiit 
of the extent of the King of Atcheen^s 
dominions, and of his revenue (which is 
very fmall indeed for a Prince, being 
only about 3000I. a- year) $ tells what paflts 
when veffels fiift arrive, which is general- 
ly in Auguft and September, from Porto 
Novo; names the appellation of the King, 
viz. <* TufOM Kifot** which compoundMalay 
word means ** my mafter }'' and then 
mentions their monies, as wtU as their 
chief articles of export, pretty much the 
fame as Mr. Marfden gives in his hiftory 
of Sumatra. He next defcribies a certain 
fifliing-boat called XpU^t which admits of 
having the fail diminiiked, by rollii^g up, 
in a very ingenious manner, when it hioWs 
hard, as follows t 

*^ They have at Atcheen many fifhing- 
boats, in ihape like a large Thames 
Wherry, fuppofed to be raifed about 
twenty inches : they are called koUiyf and 
have one maft, and a fail Ihaped almoft 
like a (hip's topfail, with a yard above^ 
hung by a haulyard, about one-third 
from the outer 3rard arm, and a flight 
round boom below, with a iheet and one 
bridle only. If the wind frefhens too 
much, they with a crofs (lick like a 
trunnel, that paiTes through the inner end 
of this boom, roll up the fail, (heet and 
all, pading the lower end of the trunnel 
forwurd, then unroll as the wind flacks. 
A tack is fail t« the inner yard-arm. I 
need not fay the fail muft be dipped ia 
putting about, which is eafily done, whe- 
ther the fail is altogether or partly rolled 
up, I never faw any thing fo convenient 
in any European boatj in managing 
which, if it Wows, they muft lower and 
reef $ here they only roll the fail up^ or 
roll it down*" 

He then defcribes other boats which 
they ufe at Atcheen ) the counti7 abeut 
the town and the palace*, and men- 

** The country above the town ?s very highly cultivated, anU abounds with inhabitants la 

^ fmaH vtUageS) and fingle groups of three or four hoiifes, with while roofqaet inter* 

flpeHed. Walking thst Way, if aiter rain, is cTifagreeable to a European, as ihey have 00 

Mts of roads s bat Malays do not rtiind Walking through mud up to the knee, whlch^ 

' however, they are careful to wa(h off when- they come to a houfe, before ihey enter iu 

Tte ihain ftreet hi the (own is raifeU a little, and covered with faind and gravel ; bat no 


tions a confpirac^*^ Whlcd gives one t dience was appointed at eight itfMtfd 

horrid opinion of Malays in general *. evening. I accordingly got ready Cotae 

After this he defcribes two diferent piece goods to the amount of about foit^ 

audiences he had of the King of At- rupees, as a prefent, which vrere divided 

ycheen in 1764. and in 1784) in the fol- into two parcels, and pat up in common 

lowing terms : bafta covers, which had been previouilf 

** In the year 1764 I vi(ited Atcheen, Gained with tunxierick, vellow bang the 

and had the honour of paying: my refpe^s Royal colour, as m Chma and at Sfin- 

. to the King, Mahomed SeJim, My au- dano. Having been told it was expe^cd 

where eHe are the (Ireetc raifed | and even tl^ is fometimes overflowed by the fwelliog o€ 
the river, by fodilen rain on the bills joO above the town, in wttich cafe they OMke oCe d 
tanoes : this often happens, efpecisUy during the rainy feajbn (our fammer) ; but the town^ 
which is on the fomh Ude of the river, (Iragglet fo as not to delerve the name of the 
caintal of a populous, though fmall kingdom. They have an excf llent breed of horfeSy 
ittuch valued at Madras; heraed cattle and goats, but few or no (hcep. Veffels drawing 
under eight feet water can come over the bar with fpring tides, which is two miles 4nm the 
town I but cannot go higher than about half a mile, wtiere they fometimes heave down aed 
repair. Here are many of the Kiog^s warehoufes (fl^olas) for Tetioga falc. Many 
JV^idtvia boats come yearly to Atcheen, and bring chiefly dried booneita in fmall piecet 
about two or three oonjBes s this is a fort -of fiaple article of commerce, and many (bops m 
the ^zar deal In it only, having large qttantities piled up, put in mat bags* U is, when 
property cored, hard Kke horn in the middle ; when kept long, the worm geu to it, I 
am told it is cured at the Maldivia Iflands by the fun only. I queftton whether 
herrings and pilchards would not anfwer even earned thus far, they are lb food of fifb 
. diet, as Malays in general are. The King*s palace (Jallum), about 100 yards from the 
fldft of Che town, and to which there is acceft by a canal from the river, as well 
as by land, is about three-quarters of a mile in cHxumfcrenoe, is ditched round, and is alfo 
furrounded with a llrong wall, but not high. A number of large venerable trees ftiade 
it, with a good many tall bamboos 1 it is built on higher groiuid than the town, fo^ of 
eourfe, it is not fubjed to be overflowed.'* 

* *< The following is an account of one of the mo(k horrid cenfpiracies I ever beard of i it 
aff^s me the more as I was intimate with the fofferers a few days before it happened, ic 
U irregular in point of time, but ^-ffph to what I am treating of, the treachery and 
wickednefsof Malays in general. In 17K4 1 waited on the King of Qneda, at Altifter, 
about one tide above the town, to demand reflitution of the value of an EnglUb fnow aed 
tar^o, value 5000). wtiofe commander, Captain Coflan, fopercargo, Mr. Overbury (a Ben- 
OGolen civil fervaot), two EngUlhmcn, brothers, named May, and the gunner, a Dane* 
were in tne night murdered, September t7Sa> ^ one Malay, affifted by one Lafcar on^y, 
Whom he had fedoced.- They were firft atumpted to be poifoeed, and were all taken with 
irioleot vomitings tbe night the horrid deed was done, after fupper { yet 00 fofpicion arofe, 
as the Malay was a pafienger in the VeflU, under Mr. Overbury *s protedion* Tbe affur 
was over in a moment, as they were Aabbed in their, fleep. One or the two Mays, being 
woohded, jumped overboard, and was never heard of j tbe Captain and gunner were killed 
ontnght. Next day the Serang, under pretence of dreffiog the Malay*s hand, thK liad 
beeh cut in ftruggling with the Capuio, ftabbedhim, fecured tlM Lafcar (whilft two boau 
were feen rowing from tXtt (bore to the veflel, full of men, from Ba(s Harbour), and 
carried the fhow back to Qaeda. I -coold get no fatisfa£lIon for ve/Td or cargo, and 
Jemmal> the King's Minifter, a Chulia Moorman, treated the affair lightly : hot troth 
demands of me to fay, I had no letter from the Bengal Government to the King on this 
fabje^ J I had only a letter from the ownei^, empowering me (if in my way to Rhio I 
touched at Q^a) to make the demand, wbit has been done fiose I know not. Captain 
Coflan and I careened in Q^ieda iiver together, in Auguft 17^2 ; and I remember to have 
heard that the Malay, who had got into favour with Mr. Overbury by his mfinuatiBg 
manners, was uk«n on board at jaa %lan, where, I fufpeA, he had committed fome^ 
thing bad. I was credibly informed tbe Lafcar was let run off by Jemmal, who told me 
he broke prifon. The appearance of the boats, that muft have been informed by ignal 
only of what bad happened, made it be (ofpe6ted. it had been a concerted bufmeCi at Qtwda, 
^wheo the vcflfel repaired there. Thefe parrtculars I Icamt from poor Overbury^s Malay 
*gtrl, at Calcutta. Jemmal, ih» King's merchant, with difficaUy let her have her dothes. 
She told me Overbury got from the cabin window to the roaft-head, whence be defended, 
on the Malay *s prOmifirf to fpate his life ; btit be fUbbed him the moment be reached the 
aaaner-idsck. Had he eocouraced the crew from the maf\*bead. tbev furelv woald have re- 



I Ihfuld |mn oiF nay flioes, I wared the 
mortification by wrapping round each 
a piece of ted bunting, and tying it with 
a kind of garter of the fame, jufl before 
I entered the audience hali {mma In* 
£har9)t which was about fixty fett long, 
and twenty broad, built of fione, with a 
iione Boor. At the farther end, which 
vas covered with carpets, hun^ a fupdrb 
doth of gold, about fifteen leet fquare, 
which reached within three feet of 
the floor. There were about twenty 
wfU-drcfled perfons in the room, oran- 
fajot, a venerable calipha, and otiiers, 
every one barefooted, having left their 
flippers without. As I entered I faluted 
fk% company. T^o fepoys were alfo 
ID the faoll upon guard, drefi'ed and 
amed as ours generally are. In about 
two minutes the golden cloth was drawn 
up, hkc the curtsun of a play-houfe, ex- 
a^ly in the fame way, and we all made a 
profound obedience to his Majedy, who 
joft glanced his eye at me. My two fer* 
vantt were then ordered by the Shaban- 
der to advance with the prefents, which 
after having presented, by holding them 
up and bending their bodies, they gave 
to an attendant, and were then dire^led to 
withdraw. The cloth of gold had cover- 
fd a lai^ niche in the Wall, a kind of 
alcove, in the middle of which the King 
was feared in an arm-chair, with his legs 
acrofs, barefooted, his flippers on the 
&3ar of the alcove* The King was 
^y dreiled in filver brocade, over an 
umer garment of white mufiin { his tur- 
ban was very fmall, being a fmgle piece of 
goki flowered mullin, gathered together 
9t the end^, tied round the head with a 
half knot, and war ornamented with a 
iew jewel f. He fecmed to be about forty 
years of age, with a pleafing countenance, 
father fair for a Malay. Two elderly 
women fat on the floor, clofe to each ilde 
of his chair, their eyes fixed on the 
ground, which was about five feet higher 
than the hall in which the court was af- 
icmbled. The alcove was lighted with 
two large wax tapers coloured red, much 
like what sve fee in Roman Catholic 
churches. The hall was lighted with 
pendant lamps, in which they burnt oil. 

" Having caught the King's eye, im- 
mediately after tlie dii'miflion of the pre- 
fents, 1 made his Majefty a fecond pro- 
foucd how. Prefently he fpoke to the 
Shabander. the Shabander fpoke to the 
Ijngui^, and Abraham alked me whence 
I came. I addrefled his Majefty dire£lly 
in Mnlay^ on which the Shabander 
fulled me gently by the fleeve^ and. 

looked difajpprobatioii j but I went mn^ 
The King fmiled, and took no notice of 
their interruption, as if offended with me. 
I had then the honour of converfing with 
his Majefly for about a quarter of an hour, 
who aiked me feverai pertinent queftions 
about Madras, Bengal,, and Bencoolen» 
and particularly to what parts of the ifland 
Sumatra (Pulo Purcha) I had Tailed. I 
then, by intimation from the Shabander, 
who, I fuppofe, had his fignal, retired, 
walking rather backward, until out of 
the hall. Nobody in the hall was feated, 
neither did I fee in it bench, chair, or 
flool. I left mofl: of the company in it 
flandin^, who politely made way for me 
as I retu'ed ^ and at the ^oor at which J 
entered I made again a profound bow, 
being then in full view or the Kins; ia 
the alcove at the further end of the hafi." 

'' In 1784 I again vifited Atcheen, 
and hid an audience of the King, Sultaa 
Oola Odine, Ion to the former King, with 
much the fame ceremonv and prefents as 
pafled twenty years before 5 but this* 
iCing, having travelled, (poke both Malay^ 
French, and Portugueie. His improve- 
ment, not only in languages but the 
arts, was obtained from the following 
circumflances, as I have been informed 
by Pofaily the Shabander, Abraham, and 

*< During the life of the late King, 
Oola Odine, his eldeft fon, was fent in a 
(hip oi his father's to Mecca and Medina, 
to make an offering at the flirine of the 
Prophet. Near the ifland Mauriiiuv 
where the veifel happened to be drove, 
they were fliort of water, and obliged to 
put in there. A difficulty occuned in 
debate, whether the Prince (hould appear 
in his real chara6ler or as a private perfon. 
They agreed he fliould appear as a relation 
of the King^s, going on a pilgrimage, to 
become a tauan ba^jei, ma&r pilgrim, 
and they kept their counfel. The confe- * 
quence was, Odine, being a lad of fpirit 
and genius, got into the arfenal, and 
learnt tocaft guns and (helis. 

" They certainly knew, time out of 
mind, at Ate been, how to cafl biaGsguns 
and iron ftiotj. but here the Prince, no 
doubt, improved his knowledge; and t 
was told the French never knew whom 
they had the honour to have amongft them 
until the veflel was failed $ but this I very 
much doubt, as (he flaid there above a 
month. Sultan Ooladine,in X7S4, made 
no tecrct to me of his having been at 
Mauritius ; and at my firft vifii, after the 
delivery of the ufual prefent of a few 
piece-goods inclofed in ycl|ow cloth, or- 
R I "^ ^ ' ^ dered 



4ered a fervant to |^t into my hands a 
ibell of his own cailingat Atcheen* about 
feven or eight inches in diameter. VoL'a ! 
hid he, in French, a^fz-la ? I accord- 
ingly dafhed it on the part of the done 
floor that was not covered with the carpet, 
and it went to pieces. The King oieii 
ordavd two fmall field carriages to, be 
bivught into tbe hall i one of them had the 
V'heeTs fpoked, as ours generally are { the 
other had trock wheels, iuU as lai^gc, not 
heavy, but thin. Which of thofe carriages 
do you approve of? faid the King. I 
gave the preference to the fpoke wheels; on 
ifirhich his Majefty with great good hu- 
mour laughed, and laid, SalUiffalla, capu 
iaine-^Yoxi are miflaken, ycu are mif- 
taken, captain. I then, by way of re- 
covering myfelf (for I perceived, after a 
moment^s reflc6Hon, that the King was 
right in a certain degree), faid, Baran' 
callee de tieegri giuiong gunong^ feperat^ 
Ue Acbi\ iappit di nee^ ratta rattan 
feperattee I'etinga^ — PoiRbly in a hilly 
^country, like Ate been : but not in a flat 
country, like Indoftan. The King laughed 
»^n, feemed pleafcd with my anfwer, and 
laid. Bittoul, diTnjpiddo //w— True, that 
is the reafon ; on which I made him a 
bow, and the converfation foon ended." 
** I fent to the King a copy of my 
. voyage to New Guinea, having firft ex- 
plained many of the maps to Pofally and 
Abraham. I fent at the fame time an 
ordinary mope mondi^ having ho better. 
The King lent' for me two days aft-jr, 
«nd converfed with me in an' upper apart- 
ment, on a level I believe with (he alcove, 
to which I afcended behind the ruma de 
hicbarro (hall cf audience) by a ladder. 
The King ma jfc me fii down bn a mat, 
over which was fpread a fiViail carpet, on 
which lie fat hiinfpif, and afked me many 
quellions about *the Mohicca Princes^ 
toointing to the print of iheU' getiealogy 
in tlie book I had fent him. He alked 
mealfo many qu^tlions about Europe and 
Neegri Clin^i IndolUn.* I could not 
help obferving ihat the King fpoke with 
a ftrong afpiiate, as Aichcencrs general- 
ly do, a kind of burr in the throat, ed- 
tirely different from all other Malays. * 

" As his Maitily knew J had the 
honour of being known to his father 
many years before, that I had often been 
at Atcnecn, and that I had been a great 
traveller in Malay countries, he was fo 
kind iis to Jay, m a very gracicus man- 
ner, hlaxitjeenu barancalUe b'ubaro — 

Gome here and chat fometimes* I went 
feveral times, but always fent firft to knovr 
if his Majefty was at leifure. One dvf 
I carried a French book wich me, a 
volume of Voltaire, and read a fentencc 
out of it. The Kin^ atked for the book, 
which I left with him. I fufped, how* 
rvcr, he coukl not read the Roman cha- 
rafVcr, but he read with eafc the names of 
the Molucca Princes in the book I had 
prefented, written in Arabic chara£bers, 
which both Atcheeners and Malays ufe' 
in writing. In converfmg, the King 
mixed often French with Portuguefe, 

«* When I went to the palace, I gene-; 
raUy found Pofally, and fometimes Abra-' 
ham. I never faw any body fit down in 
the King's pitfence, and I never did hut 
when afked, and then with ihoes off, left 
below, turning my feet as much as I 
could inwards 5— this 1 found a tirc- 
fiime pofture. I fometimes plaved on the 
German flute at the King's defire, which 
he was pleafed to hear *• 

** Three oi* four days before my de- 
parture, Pofa'ly fignified to nie the King^ 
meant to confer on me the honour of bei 
ing made Knight of the Golden Sword» 
Oran CtPfO derry piddang mas\ of which 
there exilted, as I was told, about ten or 
twelve natives^ one of them an eunuch, a 
comely man, rather lufty, employed at 
the cuftom-houfe. I have feen him with 
his chapp, a finglc waved fword or dagger, 
about an inch long, in relief, on a jpj«c* 
of gold, -hanging at his breaft, Thif 
honour had alfo been conferred on two 
North Britons, Captain Douglafs Richard* 
fon, and Captain Robert Sma/t. I tol4 
Pofally I was much obligeJ to his Majcfty 
for the honour he intended! me, and (hculd 
Vvait his pleafure ; at the fame time 
Pofally delired I would write my 
name on a flip of papci-^I wrote it itt 
Capitals, which he pronounced after my 
heading it, and writing himfclf my name 
?n Ai-abid charafter^ fignified h was to 
dtreft the goldfntith who was to make the 
thapu. 'J*wo or t^rec days attci^rajxls \ 
was defired by a ftpoy fcrjcant to go to the 
palace. I told this to Pofally, and we 
went together at eight iYi the evening^. 
The King, from the alcove above, aftc^ 
ibme little converlation with bis courtiers 
below, fpoke to Pofally in the Atcheen ' 
tongue, who, (lepping towards me, put a 
f-nall chain 'of gokl over my head, roun4 
my neck, to which the golden chapp, with 
fome fillagiee wriling in Arabic, and tlie 

* '* And Iked niuch a Malay fcng I bad roade^ snd fct to tfaeCorrcnti Vivacs of the 3d 1 

Sonou fA Corelli 



figureof a waved dagger, in relief, hung. He 
thus invefted me with the order of the Golden 
Sword (piddang mas), on which I made 
a profound bow to the King, who fmiled j 
and te his courtiera, who all ^-eturned it 
by lifting both hands to the head, and 
inclining the body. In a little while I 
took leave, after faying audibly, Oomoor 

He next introduces a charaftor of the 
king, with that •f his fubje^s. 

*< The prefent King, Sultan Ooladino 
(called after an uncle ♦ who had lived fe- 
veral years at Madras, in the time of Go- 
vernor Morfe, and afterwards at Tappa* 
nooly, and fpoke good Engli/h), is a So- 
vereignof wliom nis fubjcfti in general 
(peak well: having travelled, he wiflieslo 

BOMioMz fummo ru'anSkito^ fampy matta fpeakwcll: havmg 
tUa buU few ktpoTuan-kito puHto barmat civiliie them, by encouraging Iearnm|j 
^« Long life to the King I Until death amongft tlic many pnefts with which hn 
I fhali remember the honour he has done country abounds, much more than any 
^,. other Sumatran ftatc; the convenience 

To this account Captain Forreft adds, alfo of going at a fmall expcnccto Mccc« 
that as he gave the King a fong, he gave yearly, encourages many to bwomc tMom ^ 
the CaUpba, or head-prieft, a prayer, ba^ees^ tind tua» imu^, which is always 
iranflated from Pope's tamous paraphrafe rclpeaablej and there is nofuch thmgat 
of the Lord's Prayer, the words of which, a tuan hadjee being reduced to beggary. 
'' .. r -J Of thercfpeft paid to my old tellow tra<* 

?eller Ifmael Tuan Hadjee, merely from hii 
having been at Mecca, and in con(equenc« 
wearing a large turban and wide flcevet, 
which di-aw rcfpcftfrom the vulgar, I had 
many proofs in my voyage to New ' 

« Sultan Ooladine was a roan about 25 
years of age, fairer than Atcheeners gene- • 
rally are, of agreeable mannei's, having 
notiiing haughty or auftere about him } 
fpoice rather quick, mixing Portugueic 
. with his French, very often, as if in m 
hurry to exprefs his meaning. He feeroed 
to have profited by the little French edu« 
cation that he had accidentally got, and of 
which h^ was not a little vain i his Cour* 
tiers replied in Malay when he ipoke iirft 
in that tongue ; but he fpoke to me gene- 
rally in French, fometimes in Malay. 
Pofally the Shabander was about the fymt 
age, and, I was infoimed, much in his 
favour ; he had a pleating addrci's : I have 
often liftened to him hearing petitioners* 
when they fpoke Malay, in the Ibeet, be- 
fore his houfe, of a morning, which whe» 
he rejefled, it was in a mild and polite 
manner, fending the petitioner almod al- 
ways fatisfied away. 

. ' < At Atcheen t hey have tame elephants f » 
on which, as well as on boHeback, they 
often travel. I have feen (everai of the 
King^s elephants carried duly of a mom* 
ing to the river to be waihed, flapping 
their eyes with their lai^ ears to keep ott 
the fly. The King had about ten of theni 
In difterent parts near Atcheen* Onitoli- 
days, aree rata, 1 was told, they are all 
dreit out, and make a figure ; but I never 
liiw one. Their mofques are faad to be 
numerous, but very fmall } fifty perfoos 

in the Mahy tongue, are very foft, and 
are as follow : 



M, Bapa de foroonio de fomonio dania* 

•* be fomonio nigri ittjud 5 
« Dcry Chriftian, a«ry Cafer, dery HindoO| 
<* dery SaUra ; 
« Dcos, Jcbovab, Tuan Alia I 
«• Cafll icio are iko mankanan dangang 
" rilkimo, 
** Somonio lain apo apo, 
** Tdan towcallo by caffi callo tida, 
<« Tuan alia puoio fuko. 
«« A(Qar Icio iyang at6 lain oran patuo 
« chelaka, 
« Adjar icio tutop ooatto laiii oran punio 
•♦ talla, 
M Bugimano i&o atnpong fommo lain oran, 
^ Calp ampong f^mnlo fgio.*' 


•< Father of alll in every age, 

*' In every cliroe, adored, 
f • By fainr^ by fava^c, and by (age, 

•« JdioiMl),Joye,or LordI 

M This day be bread and peacemy let : 

<« AU elfe beneath the fun, 
«* Thou know'ft U bed beftow'd or not, 

«« And let thy will be done. 
f« Teach me to feel another's woe, 

«* To Wdc the fault I fee ; 
y That mercy 1 to others fti*ir, 

« That mercy (hew to me.** ' 

* This uncle Ooladine was often known by the appellation of Sultan Bencoaloo. • 
f Wild clephaau are in abmidance al) oY|r Snoiatra, and they often do mueh mifehief 

58 rice ^d planum field.. «L..,GoOgle 

Jigitized by ' 




would almoft fill one ; they are all whitened 
with lime, capQ§ri they are fca'ttercd 
^mongft oiany viUa|re69 the houfes of 
which not being whitened, the moiques 
ve the more conlpicnous ; their fmallners 
accounts for their number. They have 
many prieiVs, Stuut bcuijess, and tium 
mmfu, and two or three calif bat, fome- 
tanes called ca^y, 

** Their punilhmentt at Atcheen are fe- 
"vere accoi ding to the nature of the crime. 
la the Bazar I hare often, met beggars and 
•ihert without the right hand ; fome with* 
•vt the right hand and left foot, having 
icpeated the offence. I have been told» 
that when a fire happens, the owner of tins 
honCt in whieh it bi-oke out i$ feverely pu- 
piibed*. What Mr. Marl'den relates 
cf their puniOiment cf an adulterer is a 
fuR i nay, 1 have been told that it extends 
10 the debauchcr of a virgin, f /?<//>. «* The 
culprit is carried to a large plain, and is 
there incircled by the friends and relations 
i^f the injtired paity. A large weapon is 
then delivered to him by one of his own 
famiiy i and if he can force his way througii 
tho^ who furround hhn, he is not iiibjo^l 
to further profecution $ but it commonly 
)iappens (hat he is inlbntly cpt to pieces/* 
An Engliih country Captain, whofe name 
J forgot, once told roe that he had been 
•pplkd to by ibmo Atcheeners, for ^ 
loarkfinan to ihoot a man of this defcrip- 
tJon, who fomehow had efcaped, whether 
in the above ipirited manner or otherwiii; 
was not faid ; btit he had hid himfelf on 
the top of a cocoa- niu tree. The Captaia 
very prudently dciii^d to be excufed. 

**■ The Atcheeners are of a more fwar. 
thy complexion than the inhabitants to the 
foutUward, and far more (hrewd and acute 
than any other Malays on the illand of Su.. 
nuua : their chaia^ler, I think» comes 
mtrelk th« Bttggcfles, ixihabitants of Ce- 

lebes, for addreis and dexterity in bufi* 
nefs i but far inferior in true honour and 
bravery, which is the chara^eriftic of the 


Captain Forreft quotes « Conunodor* 
Beaolieu^s Voyage to Atcheen in x4i9c 
wherein he fays the city was fix times as. 
large as it i^ now, and that the King Sultan 
Siri tonnenied fome of his women in the 
Coromodore*s prefence | and then men- 
tions the French Admiral M. Suffreia- 
having goneon (hore at Atcheen in xyta^ 
and the following curious reafon givea 
our Author by PofaHy, the King*s Mi. 
nifter, why he could not fee the King : 

" I once afked Pofally if Monf. Suf- 
frein, the French Admiral, who with hia 
fleet had lufrelhed at Atcheen in Novem* 
ber 1 781, had leen the King. Pofally 
faid, tha Mcnf. Suifrein once came oa 
fliore, in a fmall boat, to look at thetown^ 
but did not fee the King, although he 
wiflied it ; becaufe the King, having loft a 
favourite child, was in great grief, and faw 
nobody. Confidering this as a polite 
excufs, I prefled Pofally to know tlie 
ti uth ; on which he told me the French 
Admiral would not perhaps have taken off 
his ihoes as you did i and he could not 
ft^e the King othcrwife. Oi| this I f^d, 
that I had, at my viiit to &\iltan Mahomed 
Seiim, about twenty years ago, wrapped a 
piece of red cloth over my ihoes, and fo 
kept them on ; .on which be laughed, iky- 
ing he had heard of it. Latterly I was 
excufed tills ceremony in the audience 
hall, ruma lncbarro\ but when I went 
up the Imddir to the back apartment, i 
always took off my (hoes at the head of it^ 
before I ftept on tlie clean mats, over part 
of which was a fmall carpet, on which the 
King fat J and llbmetimesbadthehonoolr 
of fitting on the mat, at a iJnall diiUnc^ 
from hini.'* 

{To be fontinuid.) 

The Hiftory of Rome, from the Fctmdation of the City by Romulus to the Death of 
the Emperor Marcus Antoninus. % Vols. 8vo* And an Abridgement of Mr. 
.Gibbon*s Hillory of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. . a Vols. Svo, 
Cac^ and )Cear(ley. li. ips. boards. * 

[ Comludid from Page ^6. ] 

NEW and complete Revolution in 
tboGovenftnent of Rome, as it ex- 

contrived to feize on the reader's incli- 

ujo v>uT<^it*»i.,iic wi .W...V, .. .^ ^.. nation, in the moment of languor, and 

cites laudable curiofity, is judicioufly, condu^ him from the affedting fcene of 

• CemiBodore Beaolieu fays, A fire happened whiU^ he was there, that bomt 2^0 houfes 
in an bonr, and that tbe King ixpp^led ttie woman io whofe houfe it broke out. Harris's 
yoyage, vol.i. p. 736. 

f On the contrary^ the Atcheeners feem to exceed all otber Afiatia 1 have known fof 
VilUiny and ueachery^ wbi^ cttaraAer is con^raDed by Bfi|ulitu in many inlbiNas* 

Jigitized by LjOOQIC 



She ^ths of Aatotiy and Cleopatra, to 
the more animating exertions of a fuc- 
ceftful Hero9 afpiring to become the 
ible niafter of extenfive dominions, and 
of a turbulent people* long accul^ooied 
to, and enamoured with the Republican 
form of Govenunenc, yet e?^er prone to 
diange it, infome fltape or other, to gra- 
tify £e leaders of factions, or the feduc- 
tions of popular caprice. 

A flight review of the public tranf- 
adions of the Romans, from the asra of 
the exfHilfion of the Tarquint, to that 
of the adfaflination of Julius Caefar, will 
be the beil juftificatioo of this remark. 
Nor can we fuppofe a more rational 
ground of hope to fpringup in the mind 
of an ambitious man, in erery refpefl 

Soalified to rule over a great nation, 
lan that of the eafy tranfition from the 
fail powers of a Dictator to thofe of an 
Emperor. Having experienced all the 
horrors of profchptions and ma fiacres 
under the former Magiftrates, the Ko- 
mans had linle to dread from veiling the 
fopreme authority in the hands of a 
nan, fo emtnemly diftinguilhed as was 
06lavius for moderation and liberality 
of (entimcnt. Accordingly we 6nd the 
Senate and the people concurring in the 
elevation of this great Statcfman and 
Hero to the Imperial Throne^ and uni- 
t'mg to eftablifli and confirm that Aipre* 
macy to which Julius Cxfar afpired, and 
fell a viflim to his ambition. 

The foundation of the Roman Empire 
is the fubjed of the Firft Chapter of 
VoLllI. and it is treated in a mafterly 
manner* ^ 

The policy of O^tavius CaiiaF> whom 
^ are to confider as the firft of the Ro- 
man Emperors, and to recognize in that 
€hara6^ by the more honourable titles 
ftf Auguftus Caefar, and the Fathrr of bis 
feopUf whilft he was courting the Senate 
asd the people, is difplayed in its proper 
colours, and his chara6\er, both before 
and after his exaltation, is drawn with 
tiocommon prccifion and candour. 

The Second Chapter contains a DilTer- 
tation on the commerce, revenues, extent 
of the territory, civil and military force, 
the number of inhabitants, and bthcr 
circnmftances, forming a complete po- ' 
litical furvey of the mother country and 
its colonies, at the important <era of the 
acteflion of Auguftus ; and this expla- 
natory digrefiion from the progretfive 
^fce of the hiftory fcrves to fep&rate the 
tfwCiftions of the Republic from thofe 
^ the Empire, and faciluaus the ftudy 

of the earlier and latttfr part of the Flo- 
roan Hiftory, by a dud relief to the me-* 

A fliort extra^l will give a dearer K^^a 
of tl)e utility of this chapter, and \i may 
recommend it as a model for other Hif- 

•' From the time that Romulus firft 
eftabliflied his ruftic followers on the 
banks of the Tiber, the Roman arms* 
during feven fucceflive centuries, had 
fteadiiy advanced to vf^ory. In Europe 
they had fubdued Spain^ Gauh and Jtalyv 
Greece, Thrace^ and Macedonia \ with 
the provinces of Rh^tiaj Noricum^ Pam^ 
ncnia, Marjia, and Dalmatian which 
were confounded under the general name 
of Illyricumt and were funded aad 
prote£^ed by the broad and rapid ftreapr 
of the Danube. 

*' In Afiaj Lydia, Phrygia, and Ci» 
licia, with the maritime countries of the 
Pamphylians, Lycians, and Cariaas; 
the Grecian colonies of Ionia, the opu- 
lent and extenfive province oi Syria, wida 
the barren and narrow diftri£ls of Phoe« 
nicia aitd Paleftine, were united undtr 
the dominion of Rome. 

" In Africa, her authority was ackno«r- 
ledged throughout the fertile regions of 
Lybia, which formerly had composed 
the ferritorics of her rival, the Republic 
of Carthage ; it embraced the kingdoms 
of Numidia and Mauritaniat ftretchtd 
over Tingitana, and terminated at the 
diftant ftation of Salle, on the verge of 
the pecan. 

•* Egypt, whofe doubtful fituatioo hat 
embarrafled the Geographers of antiquit^f 
who hefitate as to what part of the globe 
they ihall aftign it, was the laft of the 
kingdoms which had been eftabliflied by 
the fucceftbrs of Alexander that confenc* 
ed to receive the Roman yoke 5 hot 
though the lateft acquifitJon, it was at 
the fame time the mo& important. On ' 
an accurate furvey it may be concluded, 
that the Roman Bmpire extended in 
breadth, from the Danube to Mount 
Atlas, about iSoo miles, and in length, 
from the Wepern Ocean to the Euphrates ^ 
about 3000 miles \ and it has been ca)« 
culated to conuin near 120,000,000 of 

To guard the frontiers of fo vaft an 
Empire, the military peace eftabliihmenc 
of Rome was fixed by Auguftus at twenty- 
five legions ; each of thcfe, indudiog 
the auxiliaries, might be compofed of 
sa,oco men, and together formed a ftand* 
ingacmy 4>f 300,000 Uldiers, ^ ^o — - 




Witbdut « natVat force the defence of 
the Empire would h^ve remained imoef- 
feCt, The oceans chough an objea of 
terror to the Romans in general had 
been the theatre of triumph to Auguftus* 
His Tt^tories on that element oyer Sextos 
Pompey and Antony* had impreJTed on 
him the advantages which might be de- 
mcd from the fovereigntv of the Tea. 
To preferve it, he Rationed two fleets in 
the moil convenient ports of Italy $ the 
ooe at Ravenna^ on the Adriatic^ the 
other at Mifettum, in the bay of Nafrles \ 
a formidaUe fquadron alfo occupied the 
harbour of Frejus, on the coaft of Pro- 
veDce> and numbers of armed vefl*el8 
were deftined to ply in all the gulphs 
and navigable rivers throughout the Em- 
pire. Thefc were fupported by feveral 
thoufands of mariners ; and the whole . 
amount of foldiers and manners for the 
paval eftabliibment of Rome may be 
cftimatcd at between 40 and 50,000. 

The maintenance of fucb confiderable 
aumbers in arms and idlenefs naturally 
•diref^s our attention to the revenues of 
the Roman Empire. According to Sue- 
coniusy the Emperor Fr/^^^fl/r was heard ' 
to fay, that a fum, fupp^fed equal to 
about ^soyoooyoool. ilerling was required 
annually to fupport the Imperial Rlla- 
bliihment. Our Author reje£ts this ex- 
travagant computation, and adopts ano« 
ther» which we think falls into the other 
extreme 9 a little refle£\ion on the im- 
ntenfe armaments, together with the 
profufe domeftic expences of the Court, 
, will be fulHcient to convince any perfon 
the lead (killed in political arithmeticy 
that ic or 20 millions of our money 
aauft roll confiderably Ihort of the an- 
Buai ordinary fuppiy requiGtefor fuch 
an eftabliihroent i and let ut ftrengthen 
this obfervation by the account banded 
down to our time of the embeliifhment 
of the city of Rome.—" It was the 
hoaft of AuguAus that he had found 
his capital of brickf and had left it of 

To complete the glory of the long 
nign of AutruAusy our Authot enters 
largely into the cbarailers of Agrippa^ 
Mascenas, Livy, Virgil, Horace, and 
Ovid, his contemporaries, who by their 
immortal literary labours contributed to 
render the Auguftan age pre-eminently 

The life and reign of Neroj forming 

. a ftrik«n^ contraft to that of Auguftus, 

leems to have engaged the attention and 

afiiduity of our ilUithor ia a furciUl« 

degree, for wfc think it better coiA|^^ 
than the memoirs of the intervening 
Emperorf : at the fame time v>t are ready 
to acknowledge, that the thread of hif<; 
tory is as well oontiniied and conne£Ved 
through the other reigns as in this ; all 
the diitinflion we mean to p«int out 
being chiefly that which arifes from 
more uncommon and atfefting incidents* 
which abounding more in one refgn than 
another, call forth the talents of the 
Hidorian more confpicuoufly to relate 
them, fo as to leave a due impreffion 
upon the m'md, than the fimple narrative 
of Common and uninterefttng events* 
The Life of Nero may be called an Hif- 
toric Tragedy ; it alternately commands 
our aftonimment, pity, and refentment f 
it is full of buftle^ intrigue, and embar- 
raffmcnt \ the cataflrophes are horrid, bui 
awful, and the deforinity of vice never 
could be drawn by the pen of fiflion in 
fuch odious colours as it is here pre" 
fented to us from the authentic records 
of real hiftory; the moral, therefore, 
muft have the more powerful effe£l. 
The example of one Nero will operate 
more powerfully to controul a tyrannic 
difporit'ion, and to ftimulate an afpiring 
mind to virtuous deeds, than the exhi* 
bition of Milton^s legion of Devils float* 
ing on the fulphurous and fiery lake. 
The ihort ledture to ambition, which 
clofes the reigrt of the Tyrant, .roeriu 
our peculiar notice. 

" The Imperial Houfe of Cacfar ex- 
pired in Nero, and in lefs than a cea* 
tury from the Battle of A£^um a nu- 
merous and increaiing family, which 
promifed to perpetuate the line of Au- 
guftus, were extinguiihed by their own 
jealoufies and vices ; the dominion which 
had been creeled am id ft the horrors of 
battle and profcription, which the un- 
daunted fpirit of the firft Czfar bad beea 
exerted to acquire, and the profound 
policy of the fecond had been devoted to 
confirm, was» by the follies and crimes 
of their fucceffors, transferred ton feeble 
and aged defceudant of the rival Houfe 
of Catulus ; and had ambition leifure ro 
refle<^, it might be admonished by the 
awful and inflrudive example--how 
painful is the afcent to grtatncfs — ^ho«r 
traniient is the polFeflion of it/' 

We may now pafs rapidly through the 
remainder of this volume, ftopping only 
to pay due eulogiums to the exalted merit 
of Titusj the delight of mankittd^ whole 
celebrated effufion of a benevolent mind/ 
when he exclaimed, *' clntt he had Uft 

a dav^** 



1 (Uv,*^ Sccaufc he had not had an op- 
^nun'ty to do any public aft of good- 
ticfVf.ihfiuld never be omitted when yfre 
have ocdiiion to repeat his njime. 

Of bis fuccciTors, nothing remarkable 
is /elated by our Hiftorian which is not 
to be met with in other authors, till the 
acce^n of Marcus Antoninus, whofe 
reten forms another ara in the Hiftory of 
theRomau Empire; forthcn the irruptions 
of the Barbarians began to be formidable ; 
• and though their fury was retrained hv 
his ralour and wifdom, yet the date of 
the graf)ual decline and total ruin of the 
SmpirCf takes place from the death of 
this renoiVned Emperor* This part of 
Kis woi k is therefore compiaifty explicit> 
and abounding with important informa- 
tion* But hiving extended our Review 
to an uncommon length, it cannot be 
cxpefted that we (hould enter into de- 
^tails ; and as the connection between 
this volume and the Abridgement of 
GibbonS Hiftory of the Decline and. Fall 
of the Empire is admirably pointed out 
at the end of it* we (hall beg leave to in* 
(ert it> and then take our leave of the 
whole work with a few words on die 
fubjef^ of the Abrideement. 

•* Themajcftyandprofpcrity ofRome 
may be faid to have expired with the 
lecond Antonine. Withirt a few years 
from his deceafe, the Imperial purple 
was fucccffivcly ufurpcd and profaned by 
10 African and a Syrian, a peafant and a 
robber. Every idea of hereditary fuc- 
ceflion was eradicated $ every claim of 
birth was extinguiflied $ a crowd of Pre- 
tcxsders afofc throughout the provinces, 
■ad« while they alferted their rival fwayt 
the tide of Barbarians was propelled 
a^ind the frontier, and the feeble Ro« 
mam tvcre incapable of fiemming the 
torreilt ; the Franks ravaged Gaul and 
Africa | the Alemanni penetrated acrofs 
the Rhctian Alps^ and repofed in the 
plaint of Lorn hardy i the Goths boldly 
committed themfelret to an unknown 
navtsation, pafl*ed the Bofphorus and 
' the HeUefpoot,- plundered Athens, the 
native icat of the Arts and Mufcs, and 

difplayed their banners within fight of 
Italy i the FcrCnas vindicated in arms 
their title to Armenia | ilnd a Roma|i 
Emperor, who had mirchcd to oppolc 
their progrcfs, became their captive. 
The foreign and domeftic enemies of the 
State were indeed chadifed by a race of 
Princes of lUyrlan extra lion f but their 
efforts could at moft only fufpcnd tbo 
fate of the Empire; it tottered beneadi 
its- own weight t and the caufes which 
impetuouily urged its dilToliition have 
been illuftratcd b)r an Hillorian, the id- 
miration of whole genios and literary 
abilities has not beeti (^0nfined within hit 
native country, nor even ^Hthin tha 
limits of Kurope.* 

The reader will be at no lofs in apply- 
ing the foregoing paifage to Mr. Gibbon { 
whofe elaborate work is reduced to two 
volumes, which will be found, on a drift 
examination, to contain every important 
faft inihoori.einal,rcgularlyprefcrved iri a 
proper ferieSf without thofe interruptioni 
of the narrative occafioocd by digreflloht 
and dilTertations, which ferve toembelliiK 
iiiftory, and to ihew the profound eru- 
dizion of the writer, but are not fo well 
adapted to the yoiing (lodeilt, as to tne 
leifure of a reader who has finiihed bit 
ftudies, and only ukes up a book as a 
rational amuiement. 

In Ant) we can aiTure oUr readers, that 
they may give full credit to the follow • 
ing declaradon of the Editor of this 
Abridgement s-^** He has faithfully 
compred*ed in two o£iavos< the principal 
hiftorical events which elucidate th6 De- 
cline and Fall of the Roman Empire* 
Theftriking features of the nations more 
remotely connef^ed with its fubverfion* 
are (lightly delineated ; the patt relative 
to the (tate of modem Rome is inten- 
tionally omitted} anj much religious 
difquiiition (which in the original hat 
^iven no fmall offence to orthodox Chrif- 
tians) has been carefully refe£Ved i and 
what reinains, the Author fjattcrs him-* 
felf will be found inf^ru^ive to the youth- 
ful, and interefting to the curious mind.** 

Foemt } chiefly by Oentjemen of Devonihire and Cornwall. 
Price 7S. 6d. Cruttwell, Bath. 

In Two Volomes* 

r\DZS, BWiet, Heroic Pieces, Son- 
^-^ nettf and Songt^ chiefly compdfe 
tbcie volumes ; and thev afford no mean 
&ecimen of the poetical genius of Devon- 
ikin and Cornwall ; the firll county re* 
preiefitcd by Dr. Downtnani tha fccond 

hy Mr. Polwhele^ the principal contribu- 
tors to this colle^ion, and already knowrl 
t9 the literary world by their variotis poe- 
tical publications. Several fine compuii- 
tions by Mr. Warwick and Mr. Whitaker 
merit attcnticrn j nor ikould Mr. £mett*t 
8 "" ^ "' ^ produ^ont 


produ6li<iM be paffcd by unnoticed* In 
the mean time the anonymous ptrform- 
anoBs are in general pleaiingy though many 
of them want poHfli. 

The firft volume opens with lyric 
pieces, among which Mr. £mett*8 " Ode 
to Genius" hath left the moft agreeable 
imprefliop on our minds, particularly the 
following (lanza s 

But, O ! when down the woodland fide 
The niinftrel Arays^ all waq and lom> 
The flame he could no longer hide, V 
His cruel miftrefsdafb'd with fcom. * 
Grief now, O Genius, opes the ( acred fonrce. 
And ilreaming Sorrow gives thy language 

A cyprefs garland, lo, he wildly weaves ; 

He takes his lute, bis la(t fad tale to tell, 
And, d)inf, all his plaintive fweetneCs leaves 
To his poo^ moaning woodmate Philomel ; 
- The plaintivji fweetneis floats through mid- 
night air, 
As if the fo«A*s exJNTeflion ftill were there. 

Mr. EmfCt " Ode to Maria Wray" 
has a channing naiv/t/. The Odes figned 
if* have merit ; more, indeed, than we 
expe£ied frttan Mr. HoU as the verfifier of 
Fingal, or *« the Poet of Arthur," as the 
l^itor aifefledlY calls him. Jn the Ele- 
giac Pieces we have more to praife than to 
blame $ but the '< Lines addreiTed to a 
Fricndf" bv Mr, Drewc, have nothing to 
recommeno them j nor does '• Julia*' rife 
above mediocrity. MifsHunt^s ** Ruins of 
Dunkcfwell-Abbev" make up, howevef, 
for the deficiency, icc^ ; and in " Honora," 
figned M. the following lines are in Ma« 
fon\s bed manner : 

And fltll, my fair Hooora, ftill purfue 
The ftcps of Truth ; nor Jec the pgeant 

Of Art or Fafhion lure thee from the paths 
Thy genuine (ienfe approves. So (hall the rofe 
1^1 ere fweetlj tinge ihy cheeks I and, not in 

Beauty (ball mark thee fairefl of the nymphs 
In all her train ^ and Elegance fhall bul 
Her robe, in careleCs folds, float o'er ihy 

form I 

<* OfTian departing to his Fatiiers," by 
Mr. Polwhcle, has the fame merit as Mr. 
Hole's Fingal Oder—the raya oFOflian arc 
happily condcnfed in both The " Lines 
to a Gentleman whoflied Tears,'' &c. Sec. 
fpeak an elegant and feeling mind. In tlie 

*« Elegy to Mr. Rack,'* wp were ftrock 
with tlie beautiful pi6hire of Sincerity s 

And there, while veilM in lucid white 

Her bofom (hall inceflant heave. 
Shall young Sincerity delight 

To deck her Mentor's Inxioar^d grave. 

The " Elegy to a Young Lady on the 
Death of her Canary Bird," is unworthy 
the Hiftorian of Manchefter. From thie 
Sonnets we fliall feleS two as fpechnens — ' 
the firft by Mr. Emctt ; the fecond, figned 
F* we fulpedt by the fame gentleman : 


A Peniive wanderer, compeird to rove. 
From thy dear con verfe and eucbantingrmiles. 

To mitigate the woes of fever'd love, 
Tbq^oft, with Fancy's aid^ tbe time be- 

I think I trace the charming Julia there 
Where'er the hand of Nature fliewt a fweet^ 

And through the feafoos, as they mark 
the year. 
Memorials ftill of all her beauties meet. 

The tender graces of the youthful Spring •« 
The glowing lovelinefs of Summer mild^ 

The ript luxuriance Autumn love« to fling 
Abroad are chme ; but, Oh, through Wit- 
ter wild, 

Dreary and jnylefs, all around 1 fee 

No emblem but of bani(hmentJrom Uiet I 

To a Young Lady of fourteen, on her 
pi-efenting the Author with a Lock of 
lier Hair. 

TAKE as I treafore, with a figh, thy hair i 
The tendereft wiflies of affeaion take $ ' 

Nor fh^ll I blu(b to guard with partial care 
This auburn ringlet for thy charming fake; 

Too foon its kindred trefles where it grew, 
Tortur'd by all the tricks of varying drefs. 

Mull lofe the brigtitnefsof their beauteous 
Too foon muft art their eafy flow reprefs. 

Yet never may capricious Fafliion (lain, . 
My lovely girl, thy pure angelic mind). 
. Never the young (implicity reflrain. 
That Iports with fwcct attraAion uoconfio'd I 

So null my Mary's gift, unchang'd by art. 

Be the dear emblem of .her genuine heart 1 


With Songs (which are not fingularly 
beautiful) this firlt volume clofes. 

(T(7 h continued,) 


zed by Google 



Hwe Life of Samuel Johnfon, LL. D. Comprehending an Account of his Studies and 
Qumerouc Works, in chronological Order ; a Series of his Epiftolary Oorrefpondence 
and ConTer&tions with many Eminent Perfons ; and various Original Pieces of his 
Compoiltion, never before published. The whole exhibiting a View of Literature 
and Literary Men in Great Britain, for near half a Century, dining which, he 
^ouriflied. By James Boswbll, £fq. z Vols. 4to. al. 2S« Diily. 

\C(mtmu€dfrom Vol, 

iN onr laft Review of this entertaining 
** work, we have traced the character and 
conduct of Dr. Johnfon from his earlieft 
infancy to the advanced period of feveiity- 
four years, and left him, as be has exprefled 
his btuation upon another, occafion, « not 
\ in the foft obfcurities of retirement, or 
loder the (helter of academic bowers, but 
amidft inconvenience and' diftra^lion, in 
ficknefs and in forrow.'* The generous 
attention of his friends, however^ in Tome 
meafure alleviated his fuiferings, and ena- 
hltd him, on his part, to bellow tliofc 
friendly afliftances to others which had 
fonned the honour and happinefs of his 
life. The Earl of Carlifle had fome 
yean before written a Tragedy, infilled 
*' T^* Father's Re*veige ;" and fome of 
his Lordthip^s friends applied to Mrs. 
Ciapone to prevail on Dr. Johnfon to read 
and give his opinion of it, which he ac- 
cordmgly did. This opinron was ex. 
pTrffcd in a letter to Mrs. Chapone, 
which, by the kindnefs'of Lord Carlifle, 
is imertcxl in the work, and, as Mr. 
Bofwell truly obferves, ^ difplays at once 
the critical (kill and politenefs of his 
iibftrious friend.^' Notwithftanding the 
I complication of difordcrs under which he 
^ BOW laboured, he did not reiign himfelf 
to defpondency and dlfcontent, but with 
wtfdum and fpirit endeavoured to confole 
aad aniuie hit mind with as many inno- 
cent enjoyments as he could procure. For 
this pnrpole he rofHtuted a Club at the 
Eflex Head, in Elfex-ftreet, which was 
then kept by an old fcrvant of his former 
friend Mr. Thrale 5 but, alas ! the plea- 
fures he promifed to himfelf from this in- 
fiitQtion were but of (hort duration, for 
^»e learn from his letter of February n, 
17*4, to^Jn BofweH, who was then in 
Seotland, but nominated one of the Mem- 
bat as being a very cluhabU man, that on 
fcis goings iither to meet the company he 
^» leircd with a fpafmodic afthma fo vio- 
l^tbat it was with difficulty he got to his 
own boofe j *' but," continues he, ** the 
s^ma is not the worft. A dropfy «^ains 
gnhind upon me 1 my legs and thighs are 
very roocb fwollen with water, which I 
^aM be content if i could keep there; 
lȴt 1 am afraid that it wUl ibon be higher. 


XXI. Fagi i^o.] 

My nights are very fleeplefs and very te- 
dious ; and yet I am extremdy afraid of 
djingC" And foon afterwards, in a letter 
to Mrs. Porter, of Litchfield, although 
the dropiV was then removed by the fud- ' 
den difcbarge of twenty pints of water, - 
he exprefles-.the fame tear of death.-— 
«* Death, my dear, is very dreadful 5 let 
us think nothin? worth our care but bow 
to prepare for it." The ftren^th of his 
conftitution, however, and thofe kind and 
generous afliftances which the mod emi- 
nent of the facility bdh in England and 
Scotland were anxious to afford him, pro- 
cured him a temporary relief, and Mr. 
Bofwell, on his return from Scotland on 
May 5, 1784, had the pleafiire to find 
his friend greailv recovered. *• One 
morning aftciwarcis,'* fays Mr. Bofwell, 
" when I found him alone, he commu- 
nicated to mf', with folemn earneftnefs, s 
very remarkable circumftance which had 
happened in the courfe of his illnefs, when 
he was much diftrelTed by the dropfy. 
He had ihut himfelf up, and employed a 
d&y in particular exercifes of religion,— 
fafting, humiliation, aiid prayer. On a 
fudden he obtained extraordinary relief, 
for which he looked up to Heaven with 
grateful devotion. He made no direA in- 
ference from this fa£lj but from hit 
manner of telling it, I could perceive that 
it appeared to him as fomething more than 
an incident in the common courfe of 
events. For my own part, I have no dif-. 
ficulty to ''avow that caft of thinking, 
which by ma:iiy modern pretenders to wil. 
dom is calledr/i^i^i/x^tf/. But hei-c I 
think even men of pretty dry rationality 
may believe, that there was an interme- 
diate interpofition .of Divine Providence, 
and that " the fervent piayer of this righ- 
teous man'* availed. 

Of his more lively converfation Mr. 
Bofwell finds only the' following thiee 
fmall particulars :— One, when a per- 
fon was ijnentioiied who faid, * I have 
lived fifty- one years in this world without 
having had ten miautes of uneafinefs,' 
he exclaimed, * The man who fays lb lies. 
He artempts to impofe on human credu- 
lity." 'I he Bifhop of Exeter in vain ob- 
ferved, that men were vgfy^ different. Hit 
S a Lordfhip^a 



J.o>vMi!p'$ iwmacr was not impreflive, 
and I learnt aftcrwardt that Johnfon did 
not find out that the pcrfoii who talked to 
him was a Prelate; if he hnd, I doubt not 
that he would have treated him wiih more 
jefpeftj for once talking of George 
Pfalmanazar) whom he reverenced for hit 
piety, he iaid, ' I (hould^t foon think of 
contradiaing a Bifhop.* One of the 
company provoked htm greatly by doing 
what he could Icaft of all bear* whjch was 
quoting fomcthing of his own writing, 
againtt what he then maintained. ** What, 
Sir (cricdlthe genUeman), do you fay to 

, • The buff day, the peaceful nlghf , 
* Unfclt, uncounted, glidtd by V 

. Johnfon having thushad himfelf prefented 
as giving an inltance of a man who had 
lived witliout uneafmofji, was much ofr 
fended, for he looked x^pon fuch quotation 
as unfair. Hi* angt^ burft out in an un- 

nluftifiablc retort, infmuating that the gen^ 
tleman's i-emark was a fally of pbnety j 

* Sir, there is one pa^t'on I would advife 
you to command. When you have drunk 
put thatglafs, don*tdiipk another.' Here 

- was exemplified what Goldfmith faid of 
him, with the aid of a very witty image 
from one of C:bbcr*s Comedies, * There 
is no argu'Tig with Johnfon ; tor it his 
piftolmifles fire, hcknocksyou down with 
|he butt end of it. '—Another, when a 
gentleman of eminence in the literary 
world was violently cenfured for attack- 
ing peopls by anonymous paragraphs in 

' newlpspers j he, from the fpirit of con- 
tradihion, as I thovight, took up his de- 
fence, and faid, * Come, come, this is not 
fo terrible a crime j he means only to vex 
them a little. 1 do not fay thar 1 ihould 
^o it 5 hut there is a great difference be- 
tween him and me 5 what js fit for Her 
phaeOtion Is not fit for Alexander.' — 
Another^ when I told him that a young 
pnd handfome CountcTs had faid to me, 
* I (hould think that to be praifed by Dr. 

Jfohnfon would make one a fool all one's 
ifcf and that I anfwtrcd, 'Madam, I 
ifhnll make him a fool to-day, by repeat- 
ing this to him,* be laid, • I am too old 
to be made a fool j but if you fay I am, I 
iball not deny it. I am much pleaftfi 
with a compliment, cfpecially from a 
pretty woman.*' 

Soon after this period Johnfon and 
Bofweil paid a vifit to Oxfordi where they 
were out; tlay entertained with great hoi- 
pitaliiy by JDr. Adam 9. " After dinner, 
when one of us talkrd of there being a 
^ri-at enmity between Whig and Tory 

unlefs when they come into compeiitfow 
with each other. There is none when 
they arc only common acquaintance, none 
when they are of different fcxes. A Tory 
will mari7 lAto a Whig family, and a 
Whig into a Tory family, vyiihout a«y 
reluaance. But indeed in a' matter of 
much more concern than political tenet*^ 
and that is religion, men and women do 
not concern themfelves much about dif* 
fnence of opinion. And ladjes fet no 
value on the m«»ral charai^er of men who 
pay their addrcfies to them j the greateft 
profligate will be as well received as the 
man of the greateft viriMC, and this by a 
very good wt man — by a woman who layt 
her piayejs three time* a day,' Our la- 
dies endeavoured to defend their fcx from 
this charge ; but he roared them down ! 
< No, no 5 a lady will take Jonathan WiH 
as readily as St. Auftin, it he has three- 
pence more 5 and, what is worfe, her pa<* 
rents will give her to him. Women hayc a 
perpetual envy of our vices ; they are left 
vicious than we, not from choice, but bc» 
caufe we reftri6^ them ; they are the flaYct 
of Older and fafliion; their virtue is of 
more confequence to us than our own, fo 
far as concerns this world.* 

" Mifs Adams mentioned a ^entlema* 
of licentious chara^lcr, and faid, ' Supt 
pofe I had a mind to marry that genttcr 
man. Would my parents confent ?' 
Johnson. ' Yes, they'd confent, ancj 
you'd go. YouM go though ihcy did not 
confent/ Mis 9 Apams. * Perhaps their 
oppofujg might make me go.' JouNsdH, 
< O, very well j you'd take oi^? whom you 
think a bad man, to have the pleafurc of 
vexing your parents. You put inc in 
mind 0/ Dr. Barrowbjr the phylkian, 
who wab very fond of fwine's flcAi. One 
day when he was'eating it, he faid, * 1 wifl^ 
I was a Jew/—* Wiiy fo (laid Ibme- 
body) ? the Jews are not allowed to eat 
your favourite meat.' — • Becaufe (fai^ 
he) I (hould then have the guft of eating 
it, with -the pleafure of finning.* He thei^ 
proceeded in his declamation. 

'f Mifs Adams foon afterwards roade^ 
an obfervation that I <\o not recolle^i^ 
which pleafed him much | he faid, with 
a good-rhqmoured finile, *• That there 
, (hould be fo much excellence unOrd with 
fo m^ch depravity, is ftrange." 

^any other ve^ y curious and entertain- 
ing anecdotes are related of this extraor- 
dinary jchara£ler in this part of the v»ork, 
^oth during his flay at Qxford, and after 
his retnrn to London. The winter was 
now fafl approaching, and the interval ol 

Johnson. < VfliyriOt (o much. J think' convaJf&ci^ce which johnfon had enjoyed 

■ » _ - ^ •_:_.,: :.^_ 4unn| 



rfmrCng the fummer* induced him to ex- 
plPefs a with to viHt Italy. Upon this fub- 
je&t howtver» his wishes bad -been anct- 
f ipated by the anxiety of his friend* tq^ 
prclerve his health i and in orderto procure 
the rot'ans of defraying the expences of 
the cxoediiion* application was made to 
the Minifter, unknown to Dr, Johnfon, 
for an incrcafe of his pcniion from Go- 
verrmcnt. In confe^inence of this appii* 
cation, Mr* Bolwell had the honour to 
'receive from the Lord ChancUlor the fol- 
lowing Letter t 


•• I fhoold have anfwered your i.etter 

.immediately, if (being much engaged 

when 1 received it) I had not put it ui my 

pocket, and forgot to open it till this 


** I am much obliged to you for the 
fugj^iiioii ; and I will adopt and prefs it 
^s tar as I can. The beft argument, I am 
fure, and I hope it it not hkely to fail, is 
J>r. JojMifon** merit.— But it will be nc- 
ccilai^, if I (hould be fo unfortunate as 
to mu^ feeing you, to conveife with Sir 
Joihua on the fum it will be proper to aik 
T— in ihoit, upon the means of fetting him 
put. It would be a reflection on us all, 
if fucb a man (hould peri(h for want of 
the meaas to take care of his health* 
« Tour's, &c 

«» THUXLOW.*' 

•* This J*etter gave me a very high fa- 
tisfadion $ I next day went and (hewed 
it to Sir ] >Q^ua Reynolds, who was ex^ 
ceedingly pleafcd with it. He thought 
that I ihould now communicate the nego* 
Ration to Dr. Johnfon, who might afier- 
w^rds complam, if the attenuon with 

which it had been honoured (hould be fa# 
loj)g concealed from him. I intended tin 
fet out for Scotland next mominor, but 
Sir JoHiua cordially in^ied that I ilhould 
ftay anothtr day, that Johnfon and I 
might dine with him— that we three mighc 
talk of his Iv^lian Tour, and, as Sir 
Jo(hna exp'elTed himfelf^ /< have it all 
out." I haftened to Johnfon, and waa 
told by him that he was rather better to* 
day. 'BoswxLi,. ** I am very anxioua 
about you. Sir, aild particularly that you 
Ihould go to Ital J for the winter, which I 
believe is your own wi(h/* Jouilsoa* 
" It is. Sir." B08WELI.. " Vou havo 
no objefl'on, I prefutue, but the money 
it would require." lOHNSON. •• Why 
no. Sir.** Upon which i give him % 
particular account of what had h<en done, 
and read to him the Lord Chancellor** 
letter.— 'He lillened with much attention | 
then warmly laid, *« This is taking pro. 
digious pains about a man.*' ** O ! Sir 
(laid (y with molt (incere i^ffedion), your 
friends would do every thing for you.** 
He pa u fed —grew more and more agitat- 
ed— 4ill tears (Urted into his e^es, and h* 
exclaimed with fervent emotion, ** God 
biels you all ! '* I was fo aficaed that I 
alio med tears.— /ifter a ihorfiilence, hf 
renew.ed and extended his grateful b«ne- 
di^ion, ** O )d blefs you all, for Jefuf 
Chriiffi lake.*' We both remained fov 
fome time unable to fpeak.<— He roijis 
fuddenly and quitted the room, quitt 
melted in tendernefs. He ftayed but a ihort 
time, till he had recovered his firmnefs. 
Soon after he returned I left him, having 
firft engaged him to dine at Sir Joihux 
Reynolds's next day .—>! never was again 
under that roof which I had fo long t%^ 
vereiiced." ' y 

(Ttf he amtmufd.) //^O • 

fL Sequel to the printed Paper lately circulated in Wirwickfhire. ^y the Rev. VUi 
Charles Curtis, ^rotherof Alderman Curds, a Birmingham Refkor, &c. Svo. 49^ 
I>iliy« »79»« ' "^ 

f Conclu^d from fage 31. j 

r\T Dr. TWiomfon's '•fetter on the fub- 
*^ jed of the prefent Commotion? and 
pifputes refpe^ing the Nature and End 
of Civil Society and i^ovemmfnt, Pr. 
Parr &ys 1 '* Upon this fubje^ I have 
l)een favoured by nay learned Correfpon* 
dent Dr. William Thomfon with fome 
remarks, which he has permitted me to 
insert in this pamphlet, and which, for 
(depth of tbooghc and energy of tlyle, de- 
ferve the attention of my reader.** It 
yot our inteatiofi 19 bxve giv^ {his J^ 

ter at full length, 1>ut that intention it 
necefiarily fuperleded by that uncommon 
influx of both matter of fa£l and obfer- 
vation gf high importance, which the 
afpe^l of the prefent times prefents. The 
following la a brief analylis of it.— Drv 
T. after fome compliments to Mr. Mack- 
intoO), theadverfaryof Mr. Burke, who 
had done him the honour of c^uotine him 
twice in> his book^ declares his opmion» 
f< that there is in his, as in mod of th* 
))Ooks 9f Refbrn)|ttioa that l;t hiui feen» 



too bold an air of inhovation. For," 
hj9 he, " in all moral changes, the rc- 
frtote and unfoiefcen conrequeri.ce$ arc of 
mttch more igiportance than the immediate 
tffe^. A catalogue of great events pro- 
duced by trifting caufes, forms one of 
the mod; interrding and inthi]6\ive little 
^xjrks (if a Itffon of great humility may 
h* deemed in(lru£lioA), to be found in 
any language. 

^* An .Axchite^l builds a honfe in the 
fnoft perfect fymmetry , becaufe he has to do 
wuli dead things ; with ^ood, and ftones, 
and other inert and paflive materials t but 
the fouls of men, with which the Statef- 
man has to do, arc living I'piriis. Thefe 
are materials which are to be tieated with 
ii>fiDitc delicacy. In tranriK>(ing ihefe, we 
muil proceed gently, and by (low degrees, 
left we move more than we can wield. 
lo the moral world a fmall fpark oft. times 
kmi^les a migliiy flame, which neither 
rcafiin nor eloquence can fnbdue. When 
ilsall natuial philolbphers arrive at the 
9tt of moving the marble fi om the folid 
rock into ardors and pillars, and other 
forms of archtte£kure, by means of the 
profedile force of gunpowder f Scarcely 
is it lefsdifHcultforthe moral phibfopher 
to combine' the awakened propenlities 
- and diicordant views of millions, in one 
harmonious ami permanent }>olitical fyf- 
tem. But if the inonieiUum of thofe pro- 
penfHics and views he not calculated with 
iloecsa^lnefs, the powder of paiTion, in- 
tfrad of ratfing a goodly political fabric, 
will cover the fair face of Natnre with 
voicnnic a(he». Poets have afcribcd cer- 
tain edifices to tlicdiyine powei* of mufic j 
but iIk' concord of fwcf t founds i» radically 
ami circntially from the angry 
j^KilIions. Hiirfnony is creative! Difcord 

Dr. Thomfon proceeds to (hew from 
tlie Will of Gotf, or the (Economy of 
the Supreme Miiid» manifetled in the 
cotnfie of Nature, of Providence, and of 
Grace, that the gi-eat and comprehend vc 
djtigns which govern, or rather embi-ace, 
ail (lie pading icaies in the univerfe^ are 
carried into execution by means gradual, 
ilrtw, ancf, to the nanowncls of h'jman 
vio\¥«, even dilatory aijd iirdy. He 
ih.nvs, agreeably to the dc^rine of the 
Pkitonic and molt fuhlime and rational 
i>;terprctation of Scripture, tha: in the 
Chriftian Dllpofjlion theie are fevcral 
clhffcs or coniiiiions of Dilciples, corrc- 
Ijxjnding to their different Ibges of ^yro-. 
Iicjency in fhoral wiiUom and vinue, horn 
the Biptifm ot'John, reaching onlytooui- 
wai'd jmpur;trt», to the uoiTtion ci' the 

Holy Spirit of Truth, penetrating the - 
very effence of the heart and foul as by 
living (ire, and forming a fublime fyftem 
of aSion, in which perfdSt love caftcth 
out fear, and Virtue and HoUnefs are 
purfuedon their own account, as well as foi' 
His fake in whom they wercconfummatedjr 
and who is at once their Patron.— -But the 
Do^or does not fjpem to confine Ivis ad- 
miration to one fyftem of Religion, but 
to entertain an opinion^ that in different 
fyftems of Religion there may be great 
moral excellence as well as profound 
knowledge, and even (bmewhat of divine 

** In the Hindoo Religion there is a 
Trinity of Deities, Bramah, Chi v eh, 
atkl ViCBBNOU ; the Hrtt reprefenting 
the pow«r of creation, the (econd that of. 
dipToiuiion and 4eftru£lion, the third that 
of prefervation. In the allotment of one 
of thofe three grand departments, into 
which the univerfe is divided, to the God 
of Dellruflion, do we not fee the pro- 
foundeft wiidom f All things, extiting 
in individuality, pafs away. Ditfjlution 
precedes re-produ^ion ; both of thele 
enter equally into the plan of the Almighty 
Ruler. Nor is it intended that there 
fhoidd be any thing violent cr painful 
in the former, any more than in the latter. 
Such is the benign wifiiom of Him with 
whom a thoufand years are as one day^ 
and one day as a thoufand yeai s. While 
certain grand objefls are advancing to 
their juft completion, other inferior obje6ts» 
which ferve as ftepsto thofe, arealfosoing 
on to theirs. The narrownefs of our 
views, and the precipitancy of ogr fpirits, 
huiTy us mto raih and violent aRicn ; 
but in the order of nature, all is gradual 
and ferene. Creative bounty is not more 
folicitous to raiA: new beings into life, 
than to lay thofe it has raifed gently down, 
Kke ripe fruit, into their mother^s lap, 
without pa'm. The c^ve of Dsath it 
more terrible at the entrance tl^a^ within. 
The laft ftage of gradual dilTolutim is 
not more painful than thofe imperceptible 
changes that went before it. A tree 
grows up to maturity in a certain fpace 
of time, flourifhes in full ftrength for an 
equal period, and ifi an ecjuul, or nearly 
equal, finks down m total oecay. An 
animal, in like manner, grows, flou- 
rilhcs, and decays by imperceptible de- 
giees. Natui-e is flow, and, as it were, 
reluctant wholly to diflblve whatever (he 
has formed. The withered branches and 
trunks of trees, the fkeletons and bones of 
animals bleaching for many a year in the 
open air, moulJciing towers prelcrving 




Wr forms for centuries after they ccafe 
to be inhabited i thefe ftriking obje^U 
declare that gentle and divine eiadation 
which Nattire evidently afife^ls in all her 
external works. 

" The moral world moves in a higher 
order than the natural^ but in a iimilar 
ratio J one reafon governing both. States, 
kingdoms, and empires, have their Rrowth, 
ftreiigth, and decay 5 and, whue they 
pafs on, like natural bodies, from form 
to form, it is the duty of Legiflators, in 
imitation of Divine Wifdom, to be as ten- 
derly concerned for their laft ftage «s for 
their fidt. 

'* It di>es not feem to be the part of 
wife Statefmcn to create, fo much as to 
improve. Governments. As there are 
irarious feeds profufely fcattered over the 
external face of nature, fo there are va- 
rious fources of civil and political focieties. 
' And as the hufbandman only pretends to 
cultivate, not to create the feeds of vege- 
tables^ fo in like manner it is for the in- 
tereft of human focieties, that Statefmen, 
inilead of forming, at once^ the very Ita- 
inina or eflence of new Governments, by 
a procefs fudden and violent, fliould 
roa(ke the mott of the old in the mean time, 
and aflimilate thsm, according to the ge- 
neral oeconomy of nature, by flow de- 
grees, to the moft approved toi-ms that 
even metaphyfical policy can devife. — 
Such forms may ferve Legiflators in the 
fame manner thkt maiiuers are benefited 
by the polar ftar 5 by which they are di- 
reded, but to which they never can ap« 

Dr. T.obfcrves, that it has been found 
on trial, that it is almoft as difficult for 
the Legillator to form a priori a happy 
conft^tution of Government, as it would 
be abfurdfor a gardener, or huibandman, 
10 attempt, by a mixture of natural ele- 
ments, to form an apple or an acorn. 
•• As the nature of a lecd is beft dilco- 
vercd by its devclopemcnt into an herb, 
Ihrub, or tree, fo the principles of Go- 
vernment are beft under llood when they 
are contemplated in aft ion, cffeft, nnd 
full expanGon.^' — He pi-oceetls to evince 
the folly of all attempts to eftabiifh new 
fylleras of Government wiihoiit the gfui- 
dance of experience, by the failure ot the 
famous Mr. Locke's political plans in 
Carolina, and cf the attemptar of the pre- 
Icnt Emprefs and the Grand Duke of 
R'jfTu to abolifh flavery, and to intro- 
duce, at once, Liberty among ihcii* Pea- 
sants. It has be:rn re^jjie J to Dr. Thorn- 
Ion's argument taken from the overthrow 
si the abiiia^ plans cf fo great a Logician 

and Metaphyfician as Mr. Locke; that if we 
have one inftancc of the inefficiency of Ab- 
ftraaion to fettle a prifperous form of Go- 
vernment in America, we have a contra^ 
example of its efficiency in the prelent 
fiourilhing condition of ihe Aa4Erica» 
Stat es. The ground -work of the Ame- 
rican Conftitution; it is well knowh, » 
that of England. The anchoring-ground 
that held taft, and faved America, to/Ted 
in the Ocean of Anarchy, was that of 
England j juft as Carolina began to flou- 
rifti, from tl)e time when Government 
took that Colony under its own immediate 
proteaion, laid afide tluj inftitutions of 
Mr. Locke, and gave the inhabitanu a 
Conftitution fimilar to that of Virginia. ' 
—Dr. T. oblcrves, that the predial 
flaves of Ruflia, unaccuftomed to make 
any diftinftions between equal liberty ao4 
the moft complete licentioufnefs and aiar- 
chy, and inflamed with pride and revenge 
by theprofpea of freedom ill-underftood^ 
tiu^tened the murder of their matters, and 
the fubverfion of all regular Government. 
And in a Note he fays: " This faift, 
with the horrors of St. Domingo, fhould 
preach a leflTon of caution, if not of re;- 
morfe, to thole politicians who recommend 
the immediate Abolition of the Slawe 
Trade, and by railing the hopes, j-aiic 
alfo the pride and the revenge of the Ne- 
groes.'' Dr. Pan, who, it would fecra, ' 
had once acq uiefced in the fentiments of 
** his learned Corrci'pondent'' on the 
fubjea of fervittide, fuhjoins to Dr. T.'* 
Note what follows : «« After reading t)^ 
late interefting debater upon the Aboiition 
of the Slave Ti-ade, I would be under-, 
ftood ihri^itvi'^ which does not, nccef- 
farily, mean ihat'he is of a conuary opi. 
nion, but oniy that he hefitatcs, and does 
not pofitively affirm any thing decifive of 
the qiieltlon. The oratory in the Houfe 
of Commons was indeed wholly, at 
might have been expeaetl in a race for 
popularity, on the fide of Abolitions 
yet we cannot help thinking that if luch 
reafoninjj gs what follows in tlic Letter 
un-ler review had been urge,d in ibe 
Houfe of Commons, the triumph of popu- 
lar oratory would not have been io great* 
" That all men are oqual by nature, is 
a fiaion that may be innocent enough, fo 
long 4s it is not made a lever for fubveriing 
Conftinuions tliat liave a^ually growS 
\ip and flouriHied in inequaii^. It woujj 
be moi-e philoibphical to fjy, that '< %hc 
Jaw is equal for all men,'" than that •' all 
men are equal by nature j" foi laws are ab« 
ftraaed or ideal thii^s, which alone, as 
every Metaphyfician and evtry Gvpmeui- 



•iin knowf, ire furceptibic of pcrfc^ 
equality; whfcreat r;cn and all other na- 
tural ohjefls cxift in individuals. It may 
be faid, that if all men art not equal in 
fad, yet they ought to be contldered as 
•qualy or at leaft as poflefling equal rights. 
But neither iff this do61rine even morally 
•r metaphyftcally true Sound policy 
ioften can recc^ite no other right than 
that of* long and uninterrupted occupancy. 
But if a nicer and more general founda- 
tion of property exiftt, on what is it 
feunded f If it befaidj. Providence, equally 
concerned for all his children, bcftows 
equal rights and privileges on all, it it 
moft obvtpus to anfwer, that neither are ' 
t^ual rights and privileges, in hSt^ ex* 
tended to all men $ nor human happinefs 
greatly, if at all, affirmed by the cii-cum 
. Ibnce of difparity of rank in life. Shall 
k W. faid, after all, that men ought to 
bave equal privileges ? I reply, that there 
can be no reafon given why there fhouU 
not be diverlitics of itations, as well as 
there are diverlities of orders, or fpecies 
of beings. There arc different degrees of 
liberty and property ei. joyed by different 
nations, and in the fame nation, by dif- 
ferent individuals. But there is uo human 
ibte in which a certain degree of enjoy- 
inent is not fsund ; none in which there 
is not room for the exercife of virtue j 
none that is entirely excluded from hope, 
the greateft balm . of life, either in tlie 
loweH: or the moft exalted fbtions. 

** Piftinflion of i^nk and (iiuation arifes 
otlt of human nature, and redounds to 
human happinefs and grandeur. \Vcre 
He who can turn the hearts of men like 
ftreams of water, to p<.ur the fouls of a 
wbole nation into one fmooth and limpid 
pool, the even tranquillitv of the aggre- 
gate mafs could not, without a continued 
miracle, be lafting. Winds and (lorms 
of paffion would foon agitate the face of 
the troubled waters. Foreign invafions 
and domeftic injurieii would call forth the 
virtues of courage and juftice : and the 
Hero, the Legiibtor, and the Judge, at- 
trid the gratitude, the eflccin, and the 
re vere n ce of hi« countrymen. The facred 
ihade of admiration, which acomipanies 
the benefii£tors of mankind during tlieir 
life, is extended, in the imaginations and 
beans of men, to their pofterity. All 
other ctrcumfUncet being equal, or but 
i^mHy equal, the (on of the Kood and 
great man, even in the radeft tt^s, car* 
ries the voicf over the descendant of the 
iiodiftingitifhed barbarian. As focicty 
advances towards civilisation, the advan- 
tage of regular govemmsat^ and hercdi. 

tary Aicdeflion to various ofHces and ini* 
munities, over tumuhuary eleftions an«t 
fudden deciiiqns, becomes more and more 
apparent. Divers orders, daffes, or caf^a 
of men are formed, and the moral world 
is varied by fuch a waving line as that 
which, winding horizontally, or riling and 
falling along mountains and vales, con- 
du6s and diftributes. the influences of 
Heaven, and variegates the whoIe^afpeA 
of external nature. It is, hapnily, uicl;^ 
a waving line, and not the parallelograms 
and acute angles of Dutch paitcrres, that 
IS ftill the REIGNING tafte in Engush 

•* By this happy conflitution of nature 
(for that it is the conftitution of nature all 
hiftorv bean whnefs}, different (latici^s 
are allotted to diflferent people. A fenle 
of honour animates die man of birth to 
honourable atchievements \ the hope of 
diflin^ion, the plebeian to diflinguifhed 
a^lions : the ccnvuhlons incident to de- 
mocracy are controulcd ; and the fabric 
of government, on which depends all 
that gives comfort, elegance, and dignitv 
to li^, is confolidited and (Irengtbencd. 
Inliead, therefore, of wholly fubverring 
Monarchy, it becomes us to co operate 
with the gracious will of Providence, the 
only folid bafis of moral obligation— it 
becomes us to cherifh a fpirit of rcvei cnce 
of the laws among the people, and to 
temperate the authority of Kings by 
knowledge, by fentimcnts, by manners^ 
and the gradual intro<lu6lion of counter- 
checks in the exercife of government. 

" Some people are lo zealous in the 
work of political alteration, that they 
make no account of prcfsnt genera- 
tion, but are intent folely on the conve- 
nience and comfort of poftaity. I da 
not, with the hondt Irifhman, afli, What 
good ever poflerity did to us ? but this I 
fay, that we fee only a fln>rt way ima 
futurity. Evils, as well as blelfing*^ 
await poflerity, that we little think oh 
Let us chiefly mind the matters that ara 
iinmcJiately before us. Let us encounter 
the ^ labour and tlic danger of removing 
prelcntand prclfmg calamities. Sufficia»i 
for the day is* the evil thereof. I am not 
an enemy to political refoi*mation : God 
forbid I Bur all political reforms fhoukl 
be progicfTive and gradual. And it ia 
furpcifing in how tfiort a time the ftcad/ 
and coroprehenAve eye of political piu- 
device accompliflies her dcfigns, by watch« 
Ing and improving licuations« occaftons,- 
ahd coojundures. 

•* The city of London contains tnan/ 
dirty clofes and kmea y but h aJfo 




teanf mtnr noble ftreets and fqiiares, 
though it oe not built iaccording to any 
regukr plan of architcfturc. A wile 
GovernmentwiU gradually aiHmilate this 
great metropolis to fome fuch fonn, by 
tkking advantage of the decay of fheets, 
<be ralling*in of houfes, and accidental 
fires ; but will be very cautious of adopt- 
ing any fcheme thsit might overturn its 
fairtA fabrics, or involve a general con- 
flagration. ThiS) one would imagine, 
is nothing more thancoMMDN sense I'* 

We cannot but particularly approve Dr. 
')rhomfon*s do6briney that there is no 
either folid bafis of moral obligation than 
die Will of Providence. The order of 
Nature ; the fubordination of a part to 
ihe whole 3 patience under every lot, but 
a fteady belief that all things tended to the 
general good, and that right would finally 
{prevail over wrong, and truth over error, 
oildcr the aufuices of the Father of Gods 
and Men— iheie were the do^lrines of 
the moft fubllme among the Ancients ^ 
the do6lrines too of Chriftianity— kIoc- 
trines that invigorate while they overawe 
the mind, that elevate while they humble, 
by ibewing, according to the phrafeology 
OT the Author immediately before us, 
that there are divine '* pati;ons as well as 
patterniof virtue." — The Moderns, who, 
with Ricbardfon, Sterne, and even Hutch- 
inibn, and other Philoibphers who prate 
concerning fentimeut and fen Nihility, and 
attempt to found moral obligation on fome 
analogy to fenlation, or re-fenfation, do 
little more than affirm that a man (hould 
be good and virtuous if he be fo difpofed, 
orteel any inclination to be fo. Where 
^Onvi£lions are entertained of a divine 
Avenger of Vice, and Friend of Virtue, 
there is a Arong intereft and obligation to 
tread in the paths of righteoulhefs. 

We have already obferved, that Dr. 

Parr is very far above the mcanncfs of 
adopting theobfen^tions or arguments of 
others without acknowledgments. Among 
the Authors whom he quotes the ofteneft» 
and on whom he bellows the highed and 
the moft merited praife, we find, befide* 
an infinitude of ancient and dead authors, 
the names of Mr. Mackintofli, the cele- 
brated adverfary of Burke, who, in- 
deed, is produced not only as a genius of 
the firft clafs, but as an evidence in tht 
difpute with Curtis 5 Dr. Dunbar, author 
of " Eflays on the Hiftory of Mankind,'' 
and Profeflbr of Philofophy in King't 
College, Aberdeen j Dr. Prieftley j Bi** 
/hop Hurd ; Mr. Buike ; Monf. Dupont j 
Heyne, of Gottingen j Mr. Paine, whom 
he mentions with a mixture of praife and 
of cenfure j Dr. Fergufon, of Ecfinburgh ; 
Captain. Newte, author of the late Tour 
in England and Scotland $ Bilhop Wat- 
fon i the Rev. Dr. Routh, Prcudent of 
the Magdalen, Oxford j Profcfibr White, 
ftill his friend, &c. &c. 

Since writing the above afecond edition 
of Dr. Pair's lad publication has come to 
hand, of which an account is given ia 
the following note by the Author t 

" Upon the application of my Book- 
icller I have permitted a fecond edition of 
the Sequel to be publilhed : 1 have cor« 
re^ed the errors of the prefs committed 
in the firft, and I have introduced Ibme 
enlarged^ and fome aJditionaly notes into 
the Appendix. In relptd to Mr. C. 
I have made a few obfervaiions upon hit 
Letter to the ingenious Mi-. B. and af« 
figned my realbns for making them.. 
But I have forborn to avail myfelf of 
tliofe important illuftrations which fome 
late difcoveries, about the charity fchool» 
ait Birmingham, would have enabled me 
to throw upon bis talent c^forgetfulnefsm 

A Prored againft T. Paine's " Rights of Man :" Addrcfled to the Members of a 
Book Society, in confcquence of the Vote of their Con»mittee for including thf^ 
above Work in a Lift of new Publications refolvcd to be purchafed for the Uie 
of the Society. Second Edition. 8vo. Price is. Longman, &c« 

1%F all the competitors who have entered 
^^ the field ot political warfare, and 
^tideavoured by a nup de mmn to deftroy 
dat Hydra o\ public mifchief which is 
Ibppo^ 10 exilt in the writings of Mr. 
fauup. no one has wielded the weapons 
^ Eldqo^nce with movt fpirit and addrefs 
tlttn die Autlior of this Protest. Like 
the patriotic Orator of Rome, anxious 10 
avert the calamities which thfeafen his 
country, he has burled a'bold and power- 
m fm^ic at the hMd'of the vain and 
Vol. 5cxir. 

profligate Anton y* Aware that an 
inference of merit might be drawn firoih 
the vaft circulation into which the work 
he decries is faid to have pafled, the Au- 
thor contends, that ** a book fo remark- 
ably diftinguiflied for wild extravagance^ 
confummate audacity, and daring info*. 
Icnce as " THE Rights of Man/* 
coulJ not^l to engage a certain de^ee of 
public attention, upon the lame piinciple 
that the exhibition of a monftrous animal 
production will excitt iiotic6| and attra^ 
T sastffj 



gazers, in proportion to the hideous defor- 
mity of the fpet^aclej*' and certain it is, 
that <* publications that inBame the paf- 
fionsy the hfcivious account of a trial for 
Crim, ■ Con, or an incendiary produ6iion 
exciting to public diforder, are almoil 
fdre to throng the Book feller's (hop with 
eager enquirers.'' To point out the par- 
ticular inftances in which the Author has 
deteftedand expofed the folly and the fal- 
lacies of Mr. Paine'i reafonings and ob- 
fervations, would greatly exceed the limits 
of our Review, but v»rc may truly fay, that 
there is not a pi^e from which a candid 
and unprejudiced ^reader may not draw fa- 
tisfaftory information. As a fpecimen, 
however, of the fuperior ftyle in which 
this work is written, we (h^Ufele^k the 
following inftance : 

<• Society is a ftate where the cpmpul- 
ibry obligation of laws is inierpofed to 
^uard the enjoyment of thoi'e rights which 
ire properly recognized and defined, from 

paflion, riolencey and injuftice. It fe 
plain, that thefe laws cannot be made and 
enforced without fome adequate authority. 
And what is that authority but Govern- 
ment? which, ^s it fuperintends the 
whole, and every part, is neceflarily fu« 
preme. In what condition, in what oc- 
cupation, in what retirement, is not th« 
agency of this power to be traced ? And 
what can polTtbly he fubftituted in iu 
place } It is the only fourceof all protec- 
tion and of all feciurity, and alone enables 
us to enjoy the gifts of fortune and the 
fruits of mduftry. It does not indeed 
furni/h the vegetative principle by which 
the corn grows, ndr does it beftow the 
genial warmth that matures the fruit of 
the vineyard ) but it extends its guardian 
care over the fwclling ear and the ripen- 
ing ciufter J it protects the labours ot the 
-hufbandman, and defends the harveft and 
the vintage from rapine and depredation ••** 

[ Continued fr9m Page 56 . ] 

AT the end of this feafon Mr, Qy'" rc- 
^^ tired to Bath, a place which he ufed 
to defcribc as " a good convenient home 
to lounge away the drees of life in f ," and 
which he had then probably determined on 
for his retreat No harmony had fub- 
fifted between him and his Manager, 
Rich. He had, therefore, left London 
without renewing his engagement, and 
perhaps with no concrrn about its being 
renewed. As Mr. Gamck had bargain- 
ed for a ihare of Drury-lane Theatre, he 
might fuppofe that his own performance 
would be of more importance to Mr. 
Rich than it had been, and might, in 
confequence, expe^l to make better terms. 
If this laft was the cafe, he deceived him- 
felf, as Rich fullenly permitted him to 
continue at Bath, without making him 
any overtures. At length the month of 
November arrived, when Jie thought it 
prudent to alFord the Manager an oppor- 
tunity of offering fome propofal to him. 
He therefore wrote to him die Allowing 
laconic note ( : 
" I AM at Bath. 

« Yourt, 

" QuiN." 

Which Rich as laconically 'anfwertd ur 
the following words t 

" STAY {here and be damned* 
" Yours, 

« Rich.'* 

He therefore continued daring the 
winter at Bath unemployed. Thomfon» 
in a letter to his friend Paterfon, written 
about May 174S, chaiges Mr. Garrick. 
with being inftrumenjal in preventing 
Mr. Quints appearance this feafon. «- 
" Corlolanus,'' fays he, " has not yet 
appeared upon the ftage from the little 
dirty jealoufy of TulTus ^ j I mean of 
him wIk) wiis defiiied to a£k TuUus, to- 
wards him who can alone aA Coriola- 
nus [|. Indeed, the firft has entiielf 
jockeyed the laft off the ibgc for thit 
feafon j but I believe he will return on 
him the next feafon like a g^nt in hie 
wrath ^/' And the Author of a pamphlet 
publiJhcd at this period, and adorefled xm 
Mr. Garrick, fays, ** *Tis confidentlr 
reported, you might have engaged 
Mr. Quin; nay, 'tis laid he offered him* 
felf to you, and that the firft people of 

' * Since thit article was firft written, we have been pkafed to fee a Fmrth EdUiom o( 
the prottfi advertifeU forfale j a proof chat it has been (as it dtforves Co be) well rectivcd 
hy the Pablic. 

f Gray's -Inn Joomal, March 9, 1754. ^"J* ^' 

X WUkiofon^s Memoirs, ^Vol. I. p. 22. § Mr. Garrick* 

D Mr. Qjiin, f Lord Buchan'* Life of Thomfon, p. aaj^^.^^^ ^^ GoOgl^** 




fiifliiOTi have prefl<d yoii to receive hun^.'* 
In March 1748 happened the dreadful 
*€re in Comhill, which gave Mr. Quin an 
opportunity of difplayii^ his readinefs to 
iuccour diftrefs. On the 6th of April he 
performed Othello, at Covcnt-Garden, for 
the benefit of the fufferers (having come 
on purpofe from Bath), which produced 
ax si. izs. 4d. Soon afterwards he had a 
benefit himfelf. On the 17th Augvilfc he 
k>(l his friend Thomfon, and for the iea- 
ibn of 1748-9 he enlided again under the 
banners of Rich. On the 1 3th of Janu- 
ary i748-9» the orphan tragedy of 
•* Coriolanus** was produced at Covent- 
Garden, in which Mr« Quin played the 
principal chara6ler, and I'poke Loid 
Lyttdton's celebrated prologue^ " which," 
fays Gibber f , or Shiells, *• had a very 
happy effeA on the audience. Mr. Quin 
was the particolar firiend of Thomfon, and 
when he fpoke the following lines, which 
arc in thcmfelves very tender, all the en- 
dearments of a long acquaintance rofe at 
once to his imagination^ while the tear; 
guihcd from his eyes t 

lie iov'd bis iriends (foipve this guflitntf 

Alail I ftet I am no aAor here)-« 
|]a lov'd bis friends with foch a warmth of 

80 detf of intereft, fo devoSd of art, 
Soch gffierous freedom, foch oofluken zeal. 
Ho words can fpeak it, bat onr tears may 


The beautiful break in theTeJines had a 
fine effcQ, in ijpeaking j Mr. Q^in here 
exceUed himfelt $ he never appeared a 
greater a^or than at this infant, when he 
declared himfelf none : — it was an ex- 
quifite ftroke to natiire, art alone could 
hardly reach it. Pardon the digrelfion, 
reader, but we feel a defire to fay fome- 
what more on this head. The poet and 
the a£tor were friends— it cannot then be 

r'te foreign from the purpoft to proceed, 
deep-fetched figh filled up the heart- 
fitlt paufe — grief fpread o'er all the 
countenance ; the tear flarted to the eye, 
the mulcles feU, and 

«< The whiteoefs of hb cheek 
<< Was apter than bis tongue to fpeak bis 

They all exprelTcd the tender feclinga 
of a manly heart, becoming a Thomfon'a 
friend. "His pnufe, his recovery, were 
mafterly j and he delivered the whole with 
an emphafis and pathos worthy the ex- 
cellent lines he fpoke ; worthy the great 
poet and good man whofe merits they 
paintctl, and whole lofs they deplored »** 
This account is confiimed by Mr. Mur- 
doc!i, the writer of Thomlbn's life |, 
who fays, •* My Lord Lyttelton's pro- 
logue was admired as one of the bed that 
had ever been written j the belt fpoken it 
ceitainly was. The lympathizing audi- 
ence faw, that then indeed Mr. Quin was 
no a£tor ; that the tears he Ihed were thoft 
of real friem'fhip and grief." Dr. John* 
(on II alio obierves, mentioning this pro- 
logue, *♦ that Quio, who had long lived 
with Thomfon m fond intimacy, ipoke 
it in fuch a manner, as (hewed him to be 
on that occafion no aftor." 

Juft before the performance of Corio- 
lanus an honour had been conferred upon 
Mr, Quin, which he fonic years after- 
wards recollected with no fmall degree of 
exultation. On the 4th of January Cato 
was performed at Leicefter Houfc, by the 
dire«ion of Frederick Prince of Wales, in 
which his prefent Majefty, Pi^nce Ed- 
ward, Princefs Augufta, and Princefs 
Elizabeth, *a£led the paits of Portius, 
Juba, Marcia, and Lucia. The inftruc- 
tion of the young performers and the 
condu6^ of the rehearfals were given to 
Mr. Quin, and, if we are not mifbiken, he 
was afterwards rewarded with a penfion 
for his fervice. It was intended that Lady 
Jane Gray (hoAild have been reprelented by 
the fame performers, and accordingly that 
play was revived at Co vent- Garden in 
J>ec. 1750 §, but for fome reafon the in- 
tended cxhioition did not take place- 
When Mr. Qu^in heard of the graceful 
manner in which his Majeity repeated his 
firft ipeech to his Parliament, he ci ied out, 
" Ay, I taught the boy to fpeak.'' Pfince 
Frederick, perhaps through th^ means of 
Thomfon and Lyttelton, was a warm 
patron of Mr Quin. He generally ufed 
to attend his benefit, and aU the plays he 
commanded, unlefs on fome very particu« 
lar occafion, were confined to Covent* 
Garden Theatre, in compliment to this 
^£lor. This attention in bis Royal 

1748. «vo, p. 14, 

' * Dmry-lane Pky-boufe broke epen 
f Lives of the PoeCSy VoL V. p. 115. 
X Lilt of Thomlbn, prefixed to his works, 
y Johofon's Life of Thomfon. 

§ It was in this fcaibn that Mr. Rich prodaced his pantomime called ** The Fair,'* in 
ifhipb tbe Tork, a fameos rope-dancer, was introduced. This proftitutkm of jheillage 



Highnefs was fo beneficial to Mr. Quin> 
that his falary in the lad feafon of his per- 
formance» we are told, wat equal to a 
tboufand pounds *. 

We are noW arrived at that period. The 
feafo* of 1750-51 opened with a very 
powerful company at Covent -Garden, 
confiding of Mr. Barry, Mrs. Cibher, 
Mr. Quiji, Mrs. Woffineion, Mr. Mack- 
lin, Sec. The combined Itiength of this 
alTemblage of theatrical talents, it is faid, 
alarmed Mr. Garrick fo much, tliat he 
wiihcd to detach Mr. Quin from the 
p?rty f , but having had the command at 
Covcnt-Garden, he did not wifh to be 
controuled by Mr. Garrick { he therefore 
continued with bis old mafter Rich, upon 
higher terms than had ever been paid to 
any a£lor. His benefit was on the i8th 
cf March, three days before the death of 
the Prince of Wales, by whofe command , 
though he was not prcfent at the perfor- 
mance, Othello was afted j ^Othello by 
Mr. Barry j lago, Mr. Quin j and DtC' 
demona, Mrs. Cibber. It is recorded, 
that notwithdanding the novelty of this 
change in the performers, Othello being 
Quin's ufual part, the houfe was by no 
mc^ns a crowded one ; on the contrary it 
was very thinly attended. On the aoth 
lyiay Mr. Quin performed Horatio, in 
*< The Fair Penitent," and with that 
chara6ler concluded his performances as a 
hired a6lor p 

He now put in execution his plan of 
retiring to Bath, but came to London the 
two fucceeding years, to perform Falftaff 
for the beneht of his old friend Ryan. 
The lafl time of his appearance on the . 
Sta^e was the 19th of March 1753, on 
which night the ft age, pit, and boxfes, 
were aU at the advanced price of 5s. y. 
The next yeai*, finding himlelf difabled in 
fome meaiiire, by the lofs of his teeth, 
from renewing his former afllftance, he 
declined it altogether, faying, in his ufual 
blunt' manner, ** By G— I will not 
whittle FahlafF (of any-body, but I 
hope the Town will be kind to my friend 

Ryan $ they cannot ferve an boneAer 
man §.*' He exerted hirafelf, however, 
among hi« friends, and difpofed ef many 
tickets for him, and continued his atten- 
tion to the lart period 9f Ryan's life, 
Mr. Davies fays, that to make up the lofs 
of his annual peifoi-mance, he prefented 
his friend with no lefs a fum than five 
hundred pounds ^. 

By the retirement of Mr. Quin the 
Stage fuftained a great lofs ; the chara6lert 
in which he particularly excelled falling 
into the hands of a£\ors wholie talents were 
very inadequate t6 their proper reprefenta- 
tion. In his principal tragic parts he was 
fucceeded bv Spaiks, but in the chara&er 
of Falftaff he left no reprefentative. At 
Mr. Garrick, in a prologue to *• Florizel 
and Perdiu," fpoken in 1756 at Drury-^ 
lane, truly obferved, 

«< But ihould you call for F9^(^^ wbere Cq 

find him? 
He^s gone, nor left one cup of (ack behind 

Sunk in his elbow*chalr, no more he*ll^ 

Vo more with merry wags to Eaftcheay 

He*s goae*-to jeft, aod laugh, end gire 

bUfackatbomo**.** J 

Mr. Quin had always been attentive to 
the dilutes of prudence, which enabled 
him to aflert a chara£ler of independence 
while he continued on the Stage,jaDd fecur- 
ed to him a competent provision when he 
quitted it. There is no reafon to fuppofe 
that he repented withdrawing from the 
public eye, though in 1760 ^r old Nafh 
was inipofed upon to imagine that Mr« 
Quin had formed a defign of fupplanting 
him in his pod of Mafter of the Cere, 
monies at Bath f f . In 1761 Mr. Quin'g 
theatrical abilities were again canvafleS by 
the frequenters of the theatres, on the 
occafion of Mr. Churchiirs intioducing 
him into *« The Rofciad,** in the follow^ 
ing manner : 

|;ave fo moch offence to Mr. QiiiQ and Mrs. Woffingcoo, that they refufed to perfbrQi| 
during the ran of this mummery. 

• Wilkinfon's Life, Vol. IV. 147. f Ibid. 155. 

% Ibid. 161. II Ibid. 113. 

I Gray'i-Jnn Journal, Feb. 13, 1754* Orig. Ed, 

f, Life of Garrick. 

** Juf^ce to a very excellent a^or requires it to be noticed, that fone yean after thefe 
lines were written, Falftaff was rtHored to the Stage with VDdimioiihQd loAie in the 
porfnn of Mr. Henderfon, whofe performance, though ia iiome parti different) was hardly 
inferior to that of Mr. Quin. 

+t Nafli*sLifc, p. 159. 

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^* QS^n ff^ni ^*<'> 1^*<^ ^ ^^ ^<^^nt of 

A Stage |!^vitthan^ put in his cljiim. 
Pupil of ;)e(terton anil Booth. Alooe, 
Suilea he wnlk^d, and decm'd the chair hb 

For bow fhoulil modernt, muflirooins of 

the day, 
WHio ne'er thofe maflers kneW| know how 

to play ? 
Grey*bearded veteraDS» who with partial 

Sxtol tb<: ttni«s wheo tbey themfelves were 

young, , 
Who, having loft all relilh for thft Stag*, 
See not their own defeds, but laih the age, 
Roceiv''d withjovful murmurs of appUufe 
Their darling chief, and lin'd his fav*rit« 


** Far be it from the candid Mufeto tread 
Ififolting o*<r the aflies of the dead, 
Bat, juft to hiring ment, (he maintaitM, 
And darcf tlie ccft whiHt Garrick's genius 

Ancioocs hi vain endeavnqr to excel, 
Happily pr^is'd, if chey could aa at wett* 
But though prefcripCioQ*s force wt diiallow. 
Nor to'antiqaity fobmiffive bow | 
TW wt deny imaginary grace, 
Founded on accidtnts of time and place, 
Tec rtal worth' of eir*ry growth &^U bear 
poe praiie, nor mud we, Qjiio, forget thee 

«* His words bore fterfing weight, nervous 
In manly tides of fenfe they roIPd along ; 
Happy in art, he chiefly had pretence 
To keep up numbers, yet not forfeit fenfe. 
No ador ever greater heights could reach. 
Id all the hbour^d artifice of fpecch. 

« Speech I Is that all } And (ball ao 

An tmiTerial fame on partial ground ? 
Parrottthemfelvesfpeak properly by rote, 
Andinfixsnoothsmy dogihaiUhowl by note. 
1 laogb at thofe who, when the ftage tbey 

NegUa the heart to compliment (he head | 
With QriSk propriety their care's confiu'd 
To weigh out words, while paffion halti 

To (yllabie difleAors they appeal, 
Allow them accent, cadence — fools may feel ; 
But, fpitexif all the criticifiog elves, 
Thoft who would make us feel muft feel 


** His eyes, in gloomy fockets taught to 
fndaiai'd cbe fallen habit of his foal t 

* Life of Garrick, Vol 

Heary and phlegmatic he trode the llage. 
Too proud for tendemefs, too dull for rage* 
When He€tor*s lovely widow (bines in tearSp 
Or Rowc's g^y rake dependent virtue jeers^ 
With the fame adof features hris fceo 
To chide the libtrtine, and court the queen^ 
From the ume fcene, wtiich without paffioR 

W'.ih jufl defer t his reputation rofe 5 
Nor lefs he^leas'd when on fome (urly plaa 
He was at once tUe aAor and the man. 

<^ In Brute he (hone unequall'd :— all 
Garrick 's not half fo great a brute as he. 
Wiien Cato's laboured fcencs are brought t9 

With equal f)rai(e the aAor labavr*d too| 
For (titl you'll find,crace paflions to their rooti 
Small diff' renctt Uwiitt the ftoic aqd tlig 

In fancy 'd fcen^s, a« in life's real plan. 
He could not fur a moment (ink the man* 
In whatever caO his charaAer was laid, 
Self (lill, like oil, upon the furfape play'd. 
Kature, in fpite of ail his (kill, crept in, 
Horatio, Donx, FaUbiff— AiJl 'twas Qjjin,** 

While Mr. Qujn continued on the 
Stage there was no great intimacy betwren 
him and Mr. Garrick, but when all 
competition for pre-eminence had ceafed, 
it was no difficult matter for them to unite 
on terms of friendfhip. Both of theni 
often fpent their fummers at ChatTwoith, 
the feat of the Duke of Devon(hire 5 and 
one evening being accidentally left by 
thcmfclveSjMi-.Quin made thcfirft overture 
towards a friendly intcrcourfe, by enquiring 
after the health of Mrs. Garrick, for 
which he cxpreflTcd a veiy folicitous re- 
gard*. After this his vifits at Hampton 
were frequent. The laft time was in the 
fummer of 1765, juft after Mr. Garwck-* 
return from Italy., While at this feat of 
hofpitality, an eniption came out on hia 
hand, which the faculty feemed to fear 
would turn to a mortification, and occa- 
-fion the lofs of it. This circumftanct 
afFe£Ved his fpirits, and is fuppofed to have 
thrown him into a hypochondria, which 
brought on a fever, that carried him off 
when he was out of all danger on account 
of his hand. 

During his Illnefs he had taken fucli 
large quantities of baik, as to occaijoi^ aa 
incelfaut drought, which nothing could 
aflwage I and being willing to live as long 
as he could without pain, he difcontinued 
taking any medicines for upwards of a 
week before his death) and during tbii 

"• P* "7' Jigitized by GoOgle^^ 



i>eriod was In good fpirits. The day be- 
fore he died he drank a bottle of claret, 
and being fcnfible of hrs approaching end, 
he faid, •• He could wiHi that the laft tragic 
/bene were over, though he was in hopes 
he Ihbuld be able to go through it with be» 
coming dignity/* In this hope he was 
not diiappointed ^ he died at his houfe at 
Bath on Tuefday 41 ft January 1766, 
about four o'clock in the morning, and on 
the Friday following was interred in 
the Abbey Church at Bath, wliere a 
monument, reprefcnted in the Frontifpicce 
to our laft volume, was ere6\ed, on which 
the following lines, written by Mr. 
I^arrick, were infcribed i 

*f That tongut which fe£ Che table on a 

And charm'd the public ear, is heard no 

more ! 
Clos'd are ihofe eyes, the harbingers of wit, 
Which fpoke, belurethe tongue, what Shake- 

fpeare wni, 
CoUl are ihofe bindt^ which, living, wer? 

ftretch*d fonh 
^t Friendfliip's call, to fuccour roodeft 


Ilere lies James Quial deign, leader^ to 
, be taught, 
(Wbate*«r thy ftrergth of body, force of 

In Nature*s happicft mould, however caft) 
fp his fOKfltxhn thou m^ft come at loft, 

P. Ga^kick. 

The following is a copy of his laft will 
and te'iiament : 

"1 James Quin, now rcfidlng iji 
Path, in the county of Someifet, Gent, 
do make and ordain this myiaft will and 
tellaraent ^ ■ 

*< That is to fay, after my funeral cx^ 
peaces and debts paid, I give and be- 
queath unto Mr. Thomas Nobbes, oil- 
pian, in the Suand^ {London, live hun- 
dred pounds. 

"Unto Mr. Charles Lowth, at the 
JGng'fi Head, in Paternofter-iow, Lon- 
don, five hundred pounds. 

*« ynto Mr. Thomas James Quin, fon 
of Dr. Henry Quin, Phyfician, in pubiin, 
one hundred pounds. 

*« Unto Dr. Anthony Relhan, Phy- 
sician, now living in Southampton-ftiect, 
Covent- Garden, two hundred pounds. 

<« I give and bequeath, as by a 'very 
foolijb promife, to Daniel Xeckie, my 
gold repeating watcli, chain, and feals. 

'*• To Ml 8. Penelope Lepage, and to 
Mrs. Sarah Lepage, fingle, or marrittl. 

both nieces to the late Mrs. iJ'orreflcr, fifty 
pounds eachi or the whole hundred pounds 
to the furvivor. 

** Unto William Grinfil, one of th» 
Arts Mafters of Bridewell Hbfpital, in 
London, five 'hundred pounds. 

«« To Mr. Daniel Rich, of Sunning^^ 
near Reading, in the county of Berks, 
one hu^i-ed pounds. 

*' Unto Mr. Thomas Gainfborough, 
limner, now living at Bath, fifty pounds. 

" Unto the wife of Walter Nugent, a 
firft Lieutenant in the Marines, fifty 

" Unto Mr. Jeremiah Pierce, furgton, 
in Bath, my gold headed crutch cane. 

•* Unto the Honourable Mr. John 
Needham, of Iver, near Uxbridge, one 
hundred pounds. 

*^ Unto Captain Robert Hughes, bro- 
ther to the Comnuflioner at Pottfraouth, 
fifty pounds. 

•* Unto Mrs. Mary Simpfon, bndlady: 
of the centre houle in Pierpoim-ftrect, 
in Bath, one hundred pounds | to bepaic^ 
by my £xe<!utors into her own hands, in- 
dependent of all bqr creditors whatib** 

" Unto Mr. Edward Parker, wine* 
merchant, in Bath, twenty guineas. 

<< It is my will, that aU the abov« 
legacies be paid and difcharged within 
three months after ray deceal'e. 

** It is aifo my will to be privately 

" Ail the reft and refiduc of my eftatc^ 
both real and perfonal, of what nature or 
kind foever, I give unto the abovefaid 
Mr. Thomas Nobbcs, and Mr. Charlea 
Lowth, to enjoy to their ufe and behoof, 
to (hare alike half and half. And I do 
hereby conftitute and appoint the abotrty 
faid Thomas Nobbes, Charles Lowth, 
and Edwaj d Parker, to be the Executors 
of and to this my laft will and teftament, 
hereby revoking and declaring void all 
former wills by me made. 

<« In witneJs whereof, I the faid James 
Quin have, to this my laft will and tcfU- 
ment, contained in one iheet of paper, and 
written with my own hand, fet my hand 
and feal, this loth day of Jnly, in the 
year of our Loi-d one thoufand fcven 
hundred and fixty-five. 

" JAMES QUIN. (L. S.)'' 
" Witncffes, 
*< Hambvry Pettinoal. 
" Joseph Phillott.'* 

[Some further particulars will conclude 
this accoiiDt in om Qcxt.] 



FOR AUGUST ^ fjgz. 








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j0tT i). 

hpWO TO One watrerivad at the Haf« 
^ iBarkeQ far tlie pui^eoff iniroducing 
U\k Batcltjf who had axody performod in 
Dido on the olher fide of the ftreet. This 
«a» ber irft comic appearance^ and beiog 
10 a charadcr which required no extraordi- 
nmj oxenioiiS; flie was not oofocceisfal in 
bir peffdrmaoee oi it* She ceruinlj pof- 
Mes duay cbeaurical requifites. Her per- 
kOf fiM6| voice, and mofical powers, united 
to a proper dcfree of indoftry, cannot fail 
of ftoiaaag great cAid, if proper^ ex- 

45. The EmcbanTidWood, a Legen- 
dary Drama of three a^s, by a young gen- 
tteniao of the name of Francis, was aAtd 
tkmttfk time at tke Uaymarket* The Cha^ 
nfiertas follows 

Julian, Mr. Palmer, 

Btbeidred^ Mr. R. Palmer, 

Owen, Mri Banoifter, jun. 




Mrs. Kemble, 
Mrs. Webb, 

Mr. Beofley, 
Mrs. Bland, 
Mafler Oreigfon, 
Mr. Bapnifter, 

Mi(s de Camp, 
Mrs. Taylor, 
Sophy D'EgviUe. 


Jdbo, a yooig man of the moft amiable 
dilpofitioo, bttuohappily much deformed, 
is sttaehed to Una, a beautiful damfel, who 
re^w^ his viitues, but cannot overcome the 
difgoft excited by his perfon. Una, on the 
caoiraiy, is rather difpofed to look^voor- 
ably 00 fithelAped, who is quite the reverie 
ol JoUae, having- an agreeable perfon, but 
a weak malevokot mind. J«lian, in the 
aogoiihof defpair, retires to the wood to 
vsm his ooavailiog figbs. 

The wood is the Civourite haunt of Orion 
and his fury train, who overhear Julian 
biestfaiog forth the oomplaiots of inaof- 
picioQs love. Orion aAsds to treat him wiih 
fa wti ty, but in reality isdifpofed to pity his 
iBBstion, if, after a trial of his charaifler, 
be Iboiliu be foudd fincere and virtuous. 
libcMnd, nneenfeioua ihaf the wood is 
▼ifiMd by tbtBk fopenutural beiogs, invites 
lloato eejoy tbe filent Ondee, where ^ ie 
dtfoovcied by Orion, who affumes the garb 
^ a ^MffV* and, Ulfing a melancholy t«il«, 
Micitf Ms charity* Bttieldred u deaf to his 
fiibble recitals ^od when the fupi^fed 

tneodicaot offers him a pmfe, under prn* 
tence th^t he had dropt it, Etheldred fraodu- 
lemly claims it as his own. Orion in the 
fame difguife makes a iimilar appeal to the 
benevolence of Julian, who fympathises in 
his ^fleded 'forrows, and relieves him* 
Orion, having thus a(certained the merits of 
both parties, ftill affeds a rigorous treatm^t 
of Julian, and is apparently kind to EtheW 
dred. By the magical influence of Orion, 
two flaming cauldrons arife, and the 
rivals are ordered to defccnd in them, for 
the purpofe of obtaining a recompenoe 
adequate to theh* refpefUve merits. When 
the lovers are raifed again in the cauldrons, 
a complete transformation appears, JulianU 
deformities being removed and transferred to 
the unlucky Lthsldied. Una, who had - 
only prumifed to love Eiheldred till he 
fliould become deformed as Julian, perceiv* 
tng this fortunate change in the man whom 
(he efteemed, but could not love, riadilf 
gives him her hand and heart, and their di« 
termined union concludes the Piece. 

There is an eplfode relative to Owen, t 
defpicable follower of Etheldred, and bit 
wife Bridget. Owen and Bridget arefport 
for the Fairies, and the former rides upon 
Che (lage mounted on a jack-afs. 

The main incident in tliis piece is t.ikea 
.fh)m a vei^ pretty little Poem by Dr, Par^ 
neiii entitled ^ A Fairy Tale in the ancient 
ftile.'* Julian is ParneU's Edwin, Ethd* 
dred his Sir Topaz, and Uaa hii Edith. 
The author has alfo borrowed very freely 
from the Midfummer's Night Dream, from 
The Tiwiffeft, and from Prinet j4rtbur^ 

Augult 6. Mr. King performed the 
charaacr of Falftaff, in the Firft Part of 
Htnry the 1 Vth, for the firft time. Had thia 
performance been a mere trial of his abili- 
ties in a new line of aAing, the fdilure 
faiight have paflcd unnoticed, but as it was 
repeated a fecond time, we are compelled to 
fay,, that the Theatre hardly ever exhibited 
an inttance of an excellent adtor in his way 
fo entirely millaking his talents. Fal()aflf 
in the hands of Mr. King loft all his jocu- 
brity. He was cold, fententiouf^ ume, 
and declamatory, and communicate to a. 
very patient and candid audience nothing 
bur furprize at the attempt, and diflatisUc* 
tion at the execution. 

9. Hail Fs-llow Will Mbt, a 
comic iketch of one a£t, and a mufical piece 
of one aa, called <* The Rj^bts of 
Wumen,*^ were adedthe firfl rime at the 
Haymarket, for the benefit of Mr. Wilfoo* 
Of tbefe pieces it is fuftcieot to Cay, they 



feem inttnded to catch the attrntinn of the 
pablic by their ^cles, and they deiiu-ve no 
lunlnrr notice. 

a3« A new Comedy called Cross Part- 
yBRS was prodocrd. It is faid to be the 
lUfk attempt of a Lady, and is, we under- 
ilaod, a cranflation from the French. 
The Dramatis Fei fon« were as follow t 

Sir Charles CuMendcr, Mr. Wilfoo. 

Captain Herbert| Mr. Palmer. 

Clevclindi Mr. Williamfun. 

Corpoial Smack, Mr. We wilier. 

General Touchwood, Mr. King* 

Lady Dina Da(>elry, Mrs. Webb, 

Kluuer, Mifs Fontenelle. 

Mifs Fairfax, Mifs Heard. 


Maria Sidney, Mrs. Goodall. 

The Fable is britfly this : General Touch- 
wood and Lady Ditu Dupeley at an early 
period of life bind themfclves in a penalty 
of ten thoufand pounds to a future union. 
After ao abfcn;eof twenty years. General 
Touchwood returns from India ; but time 
*lMving perfe^ly dc()rnyed their fDrmcr au> 
tichment, and each party conceiving a new 
atfe^ion, the Lady for young Cleveland, 
and the General f«)r Mifs Fairf <x, confider- 
able erobarrciffment it occafioned to the old 
people to aVoid the forfeiture of the bond« 
To keep up the appearance of their former 
•ngngement, General Touchwood intro* 
duces Mifs Fairfax to Larly Dma as hit 
niece, and Lady Dina young Cleveland to 
Che General at her nephew. A mutual at- 
tachment has, however, previoully taken 
place between Cleveland and Mifs Fairfax. 
The General and Lady Dina Dupeley, after 
cajoling each other into a deftru^ion of the 
bond, find themfelvet difappointed in their 
expeaations. Sir Charles Cullender having 
geoeroufly fettled a fortune on young Cleve- 
land, which enables Mif& Fairfax to beftow 
her hand according to the did^tes of her 
heart. There b a fecond plot, in which 
Mifs Sidney is the heroine, who, under the 
affumed chara^er of Sophia Hobfon, capti- 
rates Captain Herbert. Tlie Captain, on hit 
return from India, meeting with Mifs Sid* 
ney, is ftruck with her refemblance to his 
Sophy, but particularly with her lively, gay 
difpohtioo, which make fo great an im- 
preffion, that he is induced to declare his 
pafnon. She reproaches hirti with his con- 
dva towards the fuppofed Sophy Hobfoo, 
which char.acr (be re-affumes, and, after 
regaining his affeOioa, confenu to their 

The incidents which form the plot and title 

of Cross Paetners are evidently taketf 
from a Novet called the *• Ktni'tp> Mmd^ 
and a trandatioo from the French coo* 
demned fnme twenty yean fince at thifl 
Theatre, which was then called Tb€ Cm- 

This Comedy is extremely doll and m* 
kitereOing-^Hhe Diak>goe is neither quidg 
nor gay, and the incidents, prepared with 
much ftudied precifioo, are reftraioed and 

The charid«n^ with not an attempt at 
novehy— if we except that of Sir Charlet 
Cullender, a kind of incoofiftent Marfkf 
in hb dotage — were weU fupported by x3om 

An indifTerent Prologue and EpUo^ pre* 
ceded and followed the piece. 

On opening the THEATRE at BIRMIK6« 
Ham with the Lady Randolph oI 

Written and Spoken by Mr. WtNSTANLY. 
INearliefl iime, beneath Oblivion*8 (hada. 
Ere ScfBNCi haiPd thofe Laws which 

Freidom made. 
Ere focial union formed her happy plaHf 
Linked State with State, oaited Man 

The infant Dhama rofe.— What though ii# 

Afluming Natmre's Empire o'er (he Heart, 
Enrapc th' aflonilh'd fenfe— -yet therey m* 

Was rai8*d the bafisof the Tragic Throooi 
The aged Warrior fang his vaoqaifh'd foes^ 
And living Records on the Bark arofe ^ I 
Art kindled Art— *till from the rudeft llaU 
6eam*d each bright blefTmg of beaigpanc 


BaiTAiM, the darling feat of Artsani 

Sees Comrntra give to Gemus doable charms ; 
Even here, where TraJt extends her btoad 

Is fix'd the triumph of the Mutes* reign t 
This little fpot-^by tou proteded-a-haa 

beheld [Field-* 

The Drama's Chieftains tread the fevoar*4 
0*er all your forrows (bed the fcenic powV, 
And cheat Misroa t u me of tbipnftMi bmr f 
Here fmiliog Nature, in her JoaoAN^t 

Tripp'd with faouftic footfttp o'er the 

pi«in I [trace 

And here — Remembrance refls, with rrief to 
The lacred Honours of tbisfavoor*d ^ace-* 

*.W«Soop ««.tt,.Hrflor«P..ntu.pofU»M«ci«««.„,,,,^Go05le 




bm Shx, whA now do more can charm the 

Whom Fate hat laid on Death's oblivious 

Tonr own. Ike Shakes? ^ari • I — Your's 

alrtoe I — 
Both Bar J and Jartfi — both alike your 

own! — 
Here Yat ^ s-^ltke a bright Star fct in a 

Summer ?ky— 
(Kow lift for ever lo each gazing eye !) 
Ukr>\ c the biijfht lulire of a poiifh*d agt'^ 
The/r^ Dtclaimtr of the Briiifh Stage f 
Her puhtic roe* its have to all appear'd— 
Her piivare virtues were by all revct'dl 
This Night, once more the Tragic Mufe 
appeal s, 
Array'd in all bcr forrows— all her tears, 
Mefhioks 1 fee your long-lov^d ftiv'iite rife. 
Point to ihb (pot, and quit her kindred 

To foidr-^n Care of yov, (he lov'd below— 
The Btari'i great Emprtfs to thefe Scenes of 

Wo- !— 
« Go (might (he fay ), go charm the Uft'oing 

** With all 1 once could boaft of magic Song 1 
** Go, SiDDOKt<— >Go, io fp.te ol Fashion's 

*< Go fionn the Heart, ^midft Folly*s 

dvliog hour ! 
** Go, and aflert the PASRrofis* nobler fway, 
** 0*er all the wild pbamtajma of the day 1 
** SiDiHiMi alone, m (his caitricious hour, 
** Can give (he Tiagic Moral «ill its pow'r !'* 

Oh ! need we urge — 'tu ere folly lo prefumt 
One 6ngle word to deprecate your doom i 
When all appear, with eager jt)y elate, 
To welcome Genius to its rightful (late* 

I^ODght then rtroaios but flill to hope the 
Of hiflBt whofe prondeft joy*s to triumph 

May» by your plaudits, reft at length o'erpaid 
For each exertion in your fervce made, 
Birmingham, jlug, so* 

A little after one o'clock on Friilay morn- 
ing Uft, our beautiful ihcairc was diicover- 
ed to be on hre j and (caiC'ly had the 
alarm he'.n given, when »n»mcnfe fl>mef 
pceci-iied by vaft volumes of fmokc ilfued 
from the froo» and evciy part of the bu:ld» 
iBg, and illuirin^'ed the wlwie town* 
ThcuRh the engines arrived with all poffible 
expedition, ard the rfficeis und troops of 
the royal regiment of horfe guards, quar- 
tered in the town, as well as iheinhabitantt, 
gave their ready aflilUnce, the flames raged 
with unabat-d fury, the well-conftrnAed 
roof fpou fell in, and in the ourfe of about 
four hours the whole infide, with all the 
fcenery, wArdrnbe, moObal infliuments^ 
&c. and whatever elfe it contained, were 
entirely confumed, and nothing of this 
elegant fabric now remains hut the bare walls. 

That the theatre was malicioufly fet on 
fire, there cannot be a doubt j thofe who 
had the courage to enter it, found the doon 
open wh<ch were locked uhen the houfe 
was left by the fervants the preceding even- 
ir g, and they obferved the fire had been 
lighted, and was burning with equal fury 
in three different parts o» the premiiiBS, 
widely dil^^nt from, and without any coin- 
munication with each other. With a view 
of difcovering the villainous authors of fo 
iniquitous a deed, ttie Proprietors have 
offered a reward of aoo guinea*. The pre- 
mifcs were infured, and Mr. Yates, the 
manager, had alfo an infurance upon the 
wardrobe and fcenes, &c- but'tf* an amoooc 
by no means equal to (heir value. The 
performers will be very great foflfieiers— the 
drcfies of all of them were entirely burnt, 
ex cpt Mr. MarihalPs, who had the intre- 
pHlity to enter the dreflirtg-room, and refcoe 
his clothes from the fiames. Happily no 
li¥es were loft. 

O E 

R Y. 



DARK was the night, and cold the wind. 
And load the northern gale, 
Aoddeep was Wanfbeck's roaring tide 
Ttatf tbaoder*d down the Vale. 


*< Adieu, my love,*' kind Henry Ciys, 
*• Keen drives the h oft ering rain, 

M Aad Wai^fbeck's fwellmg current fweept 
** Along the verdant plain. 

<< This is the lafl, yes, the lail time, 
<* 1*11 bkl my love adieu § 

• Birmingham Theatre, where Mrs. Yates m*de her Uft effort on the Stage in th» 
^HtfaOcr of Lady Townly, ftands in ibak'efpeare's native county— Warwick. 

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p a E T R y. 

^ To-morrow^t fan (hall join opr handfi 
f< If Lucy prove but true.*' 
** O Henry, why that killing word ? 
• ** Why drops the gliilcning tear ? 
** H«ft thou a thought thy Lucy will 
** To thee not prove iioceie ? 
•< What flirting years have roU'd away* 

•* Since I rccci9*d thy vow j 
*« And when roy troth Tve plighted fufty 
«« Shall i be faithlefs now ? 
** A darker cloud o'erOiadet the wqrldy 

*' The mnon withholds her ray | 
** No gliueringAars illume the fky, 
** to point roy dai^foroe way* 
^ Soon as the mot niug% orient fun 
*< Shall tinge^he clouds above, 
«* With joy I'll fly and ietxe thy hand, 
** To church to lead n:y love.'* 
Dark was the night, and cold the wind. 

And loud the liOrthern blafl. 
When Henry fionn his Lucy came, 
And o'er the Wanrbeck pad. 
Before the morning's glimmering beam 

«Had ting'd the dufky iky, 
He cheei ful rofe, himfelf arrayed, 
And paced the plain with joy. 
Dark was the room, and keen the wind. 

And deep was Wanlb5ck*s tide ; 
And Henry funk beneath the waves, 
Kor reacu'd the other fide. 
Th? morning came, when Lucy rofe. 

And deck'd herfelf fo gay ; 
Her bridal traideos gave her joy. 
On this her nam ige-day. 
The morning fun flung o*er the plaiii 

A warm and lucid beam ; 
Ko Henry came to greet his bride, 
Or crois'd the Wanft>eck*s ftream. 
Oft Lucy oped the creaking door, 

And view'd the river's fide 5 
Her dieeks grew pale when (be beheld 
The fury of its tide. 
The village train approached the doori 

Thtir ttars their forrow cell«» 
Pale Lucy came — a Ihriek (he gave^ 
Aaddown (he |ifele(8 fell. 
They'ad laid the corpfe of Henry dea4 

At Lucy's opening door $ 
Shefawthe bckl^ ot her love,' 
5Up Ihrick'd-^d few no more. 


The village belt announced tbdr 6Ci^ 

flcr maids in white array 
Saw in one grave the Lovers laidf 

On this their bridal day, 
Morpttb^' 1 X, 



By Thomas Clio Ricicman. 
1X7 Hat tho' the B%dy be confined, 
^ * I am can boelt the unfecter'd Mhi^ 

ExcuHive, bold, and free ; 
No downy flannel wraps 1/ round. 
No Gout CHo render it utifoiind. 

Or flop its flight to tbee. 
Permit the Bard in humble verfe 
His friendly greetings to rehearff , 

Accept his meed of praife. 
Who faw thee fludious alone 
To follow Virtue^ path^-difown 

Seductive Fleafur$*t ways. 
Believe me, Jam! that Power fupranm 
Wbofe bleffings are no idle dream. 

Will fhower them down on tbo(« 
Who dare at Virt'uts (brine to bow. 
Who at His aliar pay their vosp, 
WhcDCc all enjoyment flows. 
What tho' no w^itb or pomp Uiey fliMPi^ 
To them unknown the/v/s and cmrt 
Which /fl^iiw'i children boalt j 
Theirs is the /wy5Wf# »f tbt hrtaft^ 
With eoafcims rtaitudt they're bleft. 

And this will blefs them mod. 
Think not, coofin'd by Pam*t rmgh ftrokfl^ 
That Uloefs does the Song provoke. 

Or prompts the/mwx lay ; 
ThoQ know*a, *midaHeakb's high^beate 

This ft ill is CUo's darling theme. 
Be good if ywd U gay. 

This little note a tale (hall end \ 

In Ptrfia^s language firft 'twas penned. 

But luits iocb clime and age ; 
Its truth the liberal mind d^arec, 
O ! were as good each Chriftian's prayert. 

As good eacli pritftfy page I 
The fon of Nourbivan one day 
A reverend Sage met in his way. 

His face toward the Ea/i $ 
With eyes and arms to heaven oprais^d; 
He irft his bounteous i^ai<r praised. 

And then thb prayer addre(i'd 1 
« Great God I thy mercies be confiQ'4 
" To ihofe thy didiates.wiU not bind* 

♦* To fuch thy blcflings fendi 
•• O give the w icked peace and reft |^ 
•* The good in being good are bleft, 

** Tbefe have tbee for their friead*** 

p O I T R y^ 




Of jERfi. BEITTHAM, J vir. £«(. 

By the late Mr. JOHN ELLIS. 

NO W Sommer't Ihort career declines 
And Idndlf gives to fruitful Antunm place ; 
He leaden comet, and with ho fcaoty hapd 
Bellows the golden produce of the bnd. 
The fickly Dog- (tar o*cr the feafon (ways, 
And on Che labVer darts his dazzling rays ; ^ 
While with flow pace the new -fallen leaves 

]3er bom replete dame Plenty lugs along. 
Lot Ceres too, with wheaton garland 

Who uugbt the hind to till and iow the 

With tbefe the Power that o*er the vino 

And the fierce tyger or the lynx beftridet $ 
f roin fide to fide his jovial godihip reels. 
And all aroond bis flowing goblet deals. 
And now the needful care employs each 

To gather iu, and houfe, the ripen'd grain. 
When Sol begins to gild the eaftem flcy 
Thro* the wide field their reapiog-hoolu they 

Their deftjn*d part of labonr^all porfuef 
If or fweat and toil their indnftry fubdne ; 
With pleafing hope ^ir fpiriis they fuftain. 
And m their minds account the future gain. 
$o rich a profped, fuch a pleafing fight, 
Cheers ev^r? breaft, and makes their labour 

Meantime the traveler and the 

Tbeir ravifli*d fight with the field^s treafure 

' Bnt this not freely are tliey long allow'd, / 
Tbos intermpted by the mftic croud : 

« Jjet hdbandmen yonr gen'roos bounty 
Bzpo^d to Summer^s heat and Winter*s 

Vow com, your bread, Is owing to onr toil, 
We plow, we Caw, we cultivate the foil.'* 
The dole obtain'd, the louu with noify 

ExprtG their thanks, which din the donors* 

Here matrons, boysy and girls, are ftrag- 

gling feenf 
And what the kib*rer leaves they gladly glean. 
Here varioas toils employ the bufy fwains, 
Thde lift the fliea?eS| ihofe ftow them on 

Thcfe in the bam fecnre the gatberM flare. 
The drenching tempcfl now their dread nci 

^ow to long toil fome relaxation's due, 
Th^r fpints to recruit and AreMgth renew. 
All now to celebrate the feaii prepare. 
The pomp all ruliic, Ample all the lare. 
Giafs flrew'd with flowers, dtlij^titful to the 

Table and pi^r'd tapeftry fupplies, 
The. ground their (eat { when enter to theni 

A raflicloaden with a pudding*s weight} 
Another with the roafl firlnio is fraught, 
Ncr is the cheefc to be accounted nought* 
Now move around fnll cups of potent beer. 
And the ripe frniis impfove their rural chetr| 
fears, apples, grapts, that fwell with coptont 

And hazle-nots, which hedges wil^ produce* 

The lads and lafies fprightly now advance. 
And facial mingle in the masy dance ;- 
Crowdero blind torments untuneful ilrings. 
While Blowfibel fomeruflic ballad fiogs. 
With fport and jollity thus ends the day. 
And now id needful reft they jog away. 

J. I. 

A party of Gentlemen having agreed to a^ fome 
French Proverbs with M. La Texisr, in 
the Lower Roomsat Hath,in the Year 1 787* 
the followiog Prologue was wiritten 
for the Occafion, but not fpokeo, the 
Author dechning to exhibit himfelf before 
fo large an Aflembly. 

The Author in black (a borrowtJ drefs roe/}« 

village CEE how they*ve dreft mel in this garb 
^ of woe I 

To fay the truth-^it fits me bat fo— fo— 
Like the black figures flalking before hearfes, 
I come attir*d — to fpeJc my own bad 

• M— n and D— n !— tis very haid, 
Tlius todeftirtyour poorafl&ided bard! 

The rogues are deaf— whatever I (ay they 

fcout it. 
And fioce I wrote the Prologue-^make me 

fpout it. 
What can I do?— 'tis now too late to fly«. 
Egad, I'm in for*t— fb I think V\X try. 

Bows to the Auditnctm 

RIVALS in arts and arms, our Gallic 

Have *gainfl our drama bent their critic 

labours ; 
With grief ^ey faw the mighty Sbakefpeare 

The Stage fublinung with anrival*d powers I 

* Two Geadeincii who jiAcd. 

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That BrItKh boaft more painM their jealous 

Than Hawke who triumph'd^ or than 

Wolfe who d>ed ; 
Ani blind with zcaU their lo/d Voltaire 

The mean zffaffia of his envied fame ! 

More liberal we of free impartial praife. 
On lighter themes applaud their comic Uyt ; 
Cratefol we bold their language kiudjy 

For fpriglitly cafe and fecial merriment j 
And e*en this nighr, to chafe our naiive 

Afpiring here to fi'l the Gallic fcene, 
And c;itch their genius by the magic fpell. 
Cry, Fivs tajoiel^-^tt ^ive la kagattlU ! 

While thus we ftrive our audience to 

Trankly we own we have (omt fclfijh views. 
Who dares deny what our great Shake- 

fpeare writ ? 
^^ Home-keeping youths ba^e ever homely 

wit* r* 
A truth — perhjps not obvious to your ken, 
We wifb to prove— that w# uchaveiij 


Not of that fort who deem all thoiigbt • 

** Spoil their own language— and acqinre om 

But led by kinder (^art abroad to roam, 
We hope — we've brought — fome froall Hn* 

p'-ovement homef. 

From this bright circle, thus aflcmblotf 

Fondly we trt^d wc have no frowns to fear. 
AU arts we try which may (pipe minli 

Un petit fouler finira lafiti-^ 
So— ir ow faulty accent gain no favour. 
We hope — the wins will boatt a better 


BQtJhould Tome Critic, too intent on blam^ 
^trejeek for errors with malignant aim ; 
When nnadvib*d and vent' rous he preftmei 
1 o contretems and cbajfrr in ihefe rooms, 
\{ we that man in one fi.lfe Jtcp forpi ife. 
He may hivt tf<ari— bul'wc— by Ue^v^D !-^- 
have tyei. 

As to the Latliet-^we fuHmtt with pain 
Througliout the play ou; feel ngs torciVaiQ: 
Trial bufiuefb o'er — laaff the lovtr^i part, 
Each man (hill f peak— the (anguugt of big 
heart I F. 



Wbitehally July 31. 
rpHE letters and inclolures, of which the 
-■■ following are copies and extradts, were 
this day received from the Eafl Indies by the 
Company's (hips. Lord Camden and Nor- 
thumberland : 

Camp before Seringaftatam, March 4, 1792. 
I Have very great fatisfa^lion in tranf. 
tnltting to you ihc cnclq'^cd copy of the Pre- 
liminaries t ®^ Peace that were fettled en 
the night of the 23d of February, between 
the three Confederate Powers and Tippoo 
Sultan, to be laid before his Majefty. 

Although fome circuni(^ances delayed the 
delivery of the hoilages utitil the 26th, I 
was induced, by the earne(t defirc of Tippoo, 
to confent to a ctlTation of hoftililies on (he 
15th ultimo; and 1 trad th;it not only the 
preliminary Articles will foon be completely 
executed, but alfo that thofe of the Definitive 
Treaty will, wiihout much delay, beadjuCted 
and concluded. 

Having given a detail of the milit^iry opt. 
rations that preceded the ceifaiion of arms» 
and of feveral particulars of the oegociation^ 
in a letter of th s date addreflVd to ihe Hon. 
Court of Dirc^ors of ihe Ea(\- India Com- 
pany, which w II be c^cially communicatttd 
to you for hif M«)je(ly*s information, it be* 
comrs unneceifary to trouble you with a re- 
petition of the contents of that letter : bat 
J requef) that you will be picafed to aflfure his 
Maje(\yy that altho' the formidable power cf 
Ttp|)oo has been (b much reduced by the 
event of a war^ into which we were forced 
by the ungovernable ambition and violence of 
his chamber, as to render it improbable that 
he can be able, for many years to come, to 
give any material di(Vurban(e to the Britiih 
pofTrflTions in India ; yet that, in the fe« 
le6iion of the countries that are to be ced- 
ed to us, my primary obje^ IhaU be, to fix 
upon thofe dt^ridls to the extent o^ oor 
rights by the prefent Treaty, that may be| 
from lo^al (ituation, beft caki^M^tl foe g\v« 

• Two Gentlemen of Verona, 

-f- 1 his line to be fpoken with a foreign air of affefted bdttatioii} 

^ Already printed in the Gazette ol July 5^ 1 792. 

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lof OS a ftroos df fenfive frontier againft the 
future attacks of any Power wliatever Horn 
abova the Qhaats. 

I muft beg that you will aUo inform the 
&ing, that, g^llmtly as his MnjeHy's irnopa 
oo this fervice have behaved on atl other hC' 
caGonSf their CiHirage and tlifcipline were 
never more eminent, nor their fervices more 
▼alaable to their 6)antry, than in the at- 
tack of the enemy *• fortifixl camp on the 
■Ight of ibe 6tb alt. 

My warmtift acknowledgements were 
therefore due to the ofl^cers and foldiers in 
feoeral for their behaviour in that ad ion ; 
and 1 atb pertnaded, when proper oppoi^u- 
oities offWr, itwillhkewife prove the mcd 
«fie^ual rrcomrtiendation for them to his 
M jefty's favour. 

Geiteral Medows, who hnd Tome time r«- 
iblved to return to Europe as foon as the war 
Ibouk) be concluded, intends, with my entire 
approbatian, to embark on the laft (hip of 
this feafon that fails from Madras ; and I 
think it my duty on this occafinn to declare, 
that the zeal and ability which the General 
has cnnfUntly employt^ during this war in 
promoting the interefls of his country, have, 
m my opinion, done great honour to him- 
Mf I and that the friendly Aipport and aOif- 
tance which he has uniformly afforded me, 
have laid me under the moft la(\ing obli- 

It tias St tha fame tiii^e been my fingular 
fbod fortune to experience a co.operaiion 
sAd afliAance, no lefs zealous and friendly, 
team General Abercromby, in his able con* 
4a€t of the army that was formed oo the 
Coaft of Malabar ; and I requeft that you 
will be pleafed to communicate my fenti- 
menis oo the b havjour and meria of both 
tbefe officers to his Majcay. 

This difpatch will be delivered to you by 
Capt. Madan, one of my Aid$-de-C,imp, 
WtMHD I beg leave to recommend to his Ma- 
jtfty as a defervtng officer ; and as he has 
lerved to the field from the commencement 
of the war, he will, I truft, be able to give 
yoQ latisfadory explanations of all the opera- 
liODsaod tranfadioos that he has witneflcd. 
1 have the honour to be, 
Tour moft obedient humble fervant, 

Jtlibi Horn. Uinry Dundas, me of bit 
Majefi/s prifutfai Secretarhs, 
fsTc. fSft. &fr. 

[Here foUowt a letter from Lord Com- 
waHis to the Court of Direftcrs, ftiting the 
kiconvenaencies and delay arifing from the 
^miities of neceflary ftorct, provifions, and 
aimBunkion, and the multitude of camp fbU 
hm^h which tim CooMfrata Arntei ax<» 

perienced in their approach to Seringapatam« 
His Lordfbip repeats his complaint refpedting 
the culpable condudl of Purferam Bhow, 
who, in dire^ contradiAion to his repeated 
profhifes, fuffered himfelf to be allured by 
the hopes of being able to plantier the rich 
province of Bednore^ and with that view, at 
the mofl critical peruxl, mirched his army to 
the weflward, inltead of afiiAing In the ia- 
veftitnre and reduAion of Ssringapatam : bis 
Lonllh'p, however, fpoks in high terms oC 
the fidelity and zeal of the Nizam's Mtnifter i 
though he had unfortunately neither an armf 
fufficiently tquipped, nor military talents 
equal to his wiflies for the io^erefts of tba> 

His Lordfhip then gives a long detail of 
the military operations from the opening oT 
the campaign until che ce/Tation of hoftililies, 
at thecdrneft lequeft of ripp.)o, on the 24tli 
of February (the (iibllance of which w»$ ui» 
fcrttti in our M <g:>zincs for May and July) $ 
and he acknowleJg'-s the great advantage ha 
derived from Sir John Keunaw.y's fervices, 
in condudling the ncgnciatiuns to fo happy att 
iffiie, in obtaining fiom Tip^ijo the execution 
of the Prclimiri-irics, and in framing the Ar- 
ticles of the Definitive Treaty of Peace. 
Mention is then made of the in the 
camp of Tippoo's two fons, and of his pay- 
ment of above one croic of rupee*. Hia 
Lord/hip congratulates the Company on hav- 
ing ohtjincd by the event of the war a vic- 
tory over their enemy, which will deprive 
him of ttie poiV-.r, and pcr!:aps the inclina- 
tio:-, to d.ltuib ui for ni tny yciirs to come ; 
and expitflfrs a h'^pc, that by our acqu fj.ions 
by this per.ce, iuch advli*ional (Irensih ai>d 
comp'>»ftneri will be ^vcn to ih-: fro:.:jjrs uf 
our poffLirnns, bcth in :hc Carnr.iic aiwl oa 
the Cuall of Malabar, as lo render it ex- 
tremely difficult for any power above the 
Ghnurs to invade them. 

fiis Lord (hip f peaks in high terms of the 
fervices sr»d public fpirit of General Ab;r- 
cromby, and fays, no words can ex'pcefs the 
fenfe he fhall retain tUrougl.out hfe of the 
pbiliiy and refined generofity and fricndibip 
with which General Medows has invar Lbly 
given him his fupport and iflTilUnce j and after 
recommending Optain Madan to the Com- 
pany's notice, be concludes as follows : — 

•* I have thought it nectfTary, as a re- 
ward to the foldiers for the chccrfulnefs with 
which they have performed fo many va- 
rious duties, and as fome compenfation to 
the Officers for the extraordinary exponas 
to which they have been cxpofcd, to order 
a gratuity equal to fix months batta (;ibout 
twenty two lacks of rupees) lo be ilTued 
from the money that has been paid by 1 ip- 
poO| to all the troops that have been em. 

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plof ed upon this fcrvice, which I hope will 
meet with your apprototioo j and as Ge« 
^iMral Abercromby's fitoation would not juf- 
ttfy him ia followini; General Medowi*s and 
any own example, to declining to accept of 
any (hare in prize money or gratuity, and 
from his receiving no batta, there is no rate 
upon that ground for regulating his portion^ 
i hate judged it roo(l equitable to dired that 
bd fhall receive half a fixteenth of the amount 
of the whde fum that (hall be iflued to the 
army, being the proportion of prize money 
whieh he is entitled to draw, according to 
the principle of divtfion which we under. 
Ibnd to be eftablifhed for the Flag Officers 
of his Maie%*s Navy, and which has been 
adopted for the General Officers of this tr* 

XxiraS of a Lttttr from tbi GoPtmmr and 
Council at MaJratf in tieir Political De» 
fariment, to tbi Court of Diredors^ Jattd 
March I ^^ 179*« 

CM the 28(h of lad month we received 
a letter from Lord ComwaUis, dated the 
ftoth, informing us that a oegociation was 
in fome forwardoefs, and promifed to be 
brought to a fpeedjr conclufion, unlefs Tip- 
poo's Vakeels bad exceeded their maAer^s in- 
llrudions $ the bafis of which wa&, the fur- 
render of one half of Tippoo's dominions, 
to be divided among(t the Allies, according 
to the terms of the treaty, and to l>e chofen 
by them from the countri-s m ft cmtiguous 
or coovenieot for them \ a lar^e (um of mo- 
ney to be paid J and the Sultaun*s two eldcft 
lions to be given as ho(l:iges till the articles 
were fulfilled, / 

An arrangement of this kind, which efTec* 
toaUy deftroy^ the dangerous power of Tip- 
poo, his Lordfbip was of opinion, would he 
more beneficial to the Publ c than the cap- 
ture of Seringapatam, and render the final 
fettlement with the Allies, who feemed very 
partial to it, much more eafy* He obferv- 
ed, that thofe whofe paffioos were heated, 
and who were not refpoofible for conle- 
qoeoces, would probably exclaim agdinlt 
leaving the Tyrant an inch of territory, but 
that it was bis duty to confult the real inte- 
reft of the Company and the Nation. 

His Lordibip advifed us, in a fubfeqoent 
Letter, that the negodation was lliU pend* 
iog I that fome difficulties were Aarttd by 

the Vakeels, relative to pectiliar circumftaif* 
ces attending Tippoo's two eUeft fons, nei- 
ther of whom were intended by him to be hit 
heir. That fome obje£)ioos were likewif^ 
t>7rcred to the ceflion of particular places, 
on Che plea of their being ancient pofleffions; 
and propofals nsade for paying part of tbo 
flipnlated fum in jewels or goods $ that to 
an thefe points his Lordibip had given diftinft 
and explicit anfwers, and bad required that 
the bufioeis (boold be brought to an imme- 
diate iflue : that there was in the mean timtt 
no relaxation in the operations of the war $ 
the approaches were carrying on, and Ge* 
neral Abercromby had had a very fmart (kir* 
milh on the fouth fide of the river, in fup- 
port of an advanced piquet, which the enerof 
bad come out from the fort, in confiderable 
force, to attack, hut in which they were rd* 
polfed, though pT0tc6ted in a great degree 
by the fire of the fort. Our lots upon this 
occaiion amounted to 104 men killed an4 

On the a 3d Colonel Floyd arrived in camp 
with a convoy of 25,000 Btnjairries ; and hit 
Lordihip advifed us, that be bad Aroogljr 
urged Purfenm Show, who was vrithin 
three or four days march of Seringapatani, to 
crofs the river and join General Abercronibyt 
inflead of coming forward to camp. 

On the 24th his Lordihip wrote to us^ 
that Articles Preliminary to a General Peace 
had been fettled the night before; that a eef- 
fation of hof^ilities had taken place, and ' 
that two of Tippoo*s font were expelled in 
camp in a few hours. 

It was not, however, until two days alter 
the Preliminary Articles had been agreed 
upon, that Tippoo*8 fecond and third fons 
arrived in camp. The former. Lord Com- 
wallis informed us, was about ten yean old, 
and the latter, who is the foA of Burrauna 
ud Dien*s fifter, and confidered as the Uir to 
the Scdunut, about eight. The delay in their 
arrival was not occaikmcd by any interrup- 
tion of the treaty, but by the difficulty and 
diflrefs of their leaving the Zenana, and by 
Tippoo's anxiety that they (hould be pro- 
perly received by his Ldrdfhip. 

The children were received by Lord Com- 
waUis with every mark of kindnefa and re- 
fped ; and his Lordihip was happy in ob- 
ferving, that << they feonod to entertain n^ 
apprehenfians of their new father V* 

^ The Madras Courier of March 21. adds the fvbfeqnentparticubrti 
** About twelve o^clock the works of the fort of Seriogapatam lyere crouded with tm 
kroofiierable multitude of people, and the Soltaun was plainly difcovered among them. Ia 
a few minutes afterwards, the young Princes made their appearance : they were oooduQad 
Iron the illand to a large pavillion pitched lor tbeir recepJoQ near Sibbikd*s redoubt, aboii$ 
a mile from the fort. 

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We have the pleafure to inform your carop, on the xft and ad inftant, a crorc and 
Ronoarnble Court, that Tippoo fent to our ten lacks of rupees ; and promifcd that in 

, ** Here they were received by Sir John Kennaway, who attended thmn, accompanied 
by an efcon, to head quarters. 

** On entering the camp they were faluted with 19 guns, and the part of the line they 
paiTed was under arms, and the officers fainted. Lord Corowallis received them in his 
tent, which was guarded by a battalion of fepoys, ^nd thej were then formally delivered 
to bb Lordibip by Gullaro Ally Beg, the Sulun*s Vackeel, as hoftages for the due perfor- 
Bttoce of the treaty. 

*' The fpedacle was grand and affe^ng, and imprefled all prefent with feelings not 
eafily delineated. It was a prt)ud fcene to the conquerors, and moft, humiliating to tba 

'* An awful filence for a moment prevailed, and every one fMraed abforbed in the ta<« 
Bolt of ideas which the occaiion naturally called forth. 

** At length Gullam Ally, approaching Lord CornwalUs much agitated, thus empha« 
CicaUy addrelfed his Lordfliip' s 

*• Tbefc children,*' pointing to the young Princes whom he then prefented, " werd 
'* this morning the fons of the Sultaun my mafter ; their fituation is changed, and they 
** inuft now look up to your Lordftiip as their father." 

** The tender and affectionate manner in which his Lordlhip received tliem, feeroed to 
confirm the troth of the expreffion. 

'* Ttie attendants of the young Princes appeared aftonidied, and their .countenances wero 
. highly expreffive of the fatisfaftioo they Telt in the benevolence of his Lordfhip. 

** Some converfation took place between his Lordlhip and the Vackeels of Tippoo, ia 
which the latter declared that the termination of th9 war diffafed happioefs throughout all 
ranks of people ; and after fitting a few minutes he retired, accompanying t^e young 
Princes to their Cents, under an efcort of a party of our troops, which remained with them 
as their guard. 

^ Before they took leave, his Lordfhip prefented a gold watch to each of them as a mark 
of his regard. ; 

<* The next morhing his Lordfhip made them a vifit at their ttnts, which are pitched 
near the left of Tippoo's redoubts. 

" The body-guard and fpearmen of the Princes formed an avenue of confiderable extent, 
from the ten: of ceremony, which is fpacious and very magnificent. 

^ His Lordfliip alighted at the end of the avenue, and walked up to the tent, faluted at 
be pafTed by the Princes* guards. ' . 

** They met his Lordfhip at the entrance, and by their refpeAful behaviour fhewed 
that they held in pleafing remembrance the kind attention his Lordfhip had fhewn to them* 

*• At the extremity of the tent, and foroewhat elevated, a number of chairs were placed 5 
here bis Lordfhip feated himfelf with the eldell Prince on his right hand, and the younger 
on his left. 

<' Sir John Renoaway fat on one fide of the Princes, and Mr. Cherry 00 the other, al 
hit Lordfbip*s interpreten. The Vackeels of Tippoo, of whom one was the perfon fent 
fome time ago on an embafly to Conftantmople, and thofe of tlieKizam and the Mahrattas» 
MTangcd themfelves in the fame order, fo that the whole formed a femicircle. 

'< Alter a converfation of about an hour, in which the ConftaotinopJe AmbafTador bore a 
confiderable (hare, his Lordlhip embraced the Princes, and gave to the eldell a fufee richly 
moiioted, and to the yoongefl an elegant cafe of piflols j in return, each of them prefented 
' bis Lordfliip with a fword, who immediately afterwards withdrew, leading a Prince in each 
hind to the extremity of the rich carpet, which was fpread on the ground, and embraced 
then with the utmofl cordiality. 

^ They are fine boys ; the eldell is about ten yean old, and appears to be very quick* 
Ihrewd, and penetrating. He addreffed his Lordlhip in a very pertinefit fpeech with a 
, great deal of propriety, without any kind of coofufion or embarralTmea^ j and in the fame 
maniier, cm being defired by Gullam Ally, he repeated fome pal&ges from the Koran. 

*' The yoongefl is remarkably handfome. His features are very regular and expreffive, 
and hit comitenance mild and open $ he it about eight years old. They are both very 
graceful, perfe^y cam6t in their manners, and appear to be extremely well bred. They 
were dreilbd in white mt^n, and ronod their necks they wore fome rows of beautiful 
jMaris, to which were fofpended a pafiagen, oonfifting of an emerald and a ruby of confl- 
•^erable fixe, forrocinded with a profoTiOD ofH>rilliantt* ^ « .... ., ^ . — 



the courfe of a few days the 6r A ki/l, amoont- 
ing lo fine crore and fixty-five Uck^, ihouid 
be difcharged. 

His LordHiip advifed us, that in confe- 
quence of this prcof of Tippoo's Inrcntion co 
execute the treaty fVithfolIyy he bad dire^d 
General Abercromhy td fall back, and en- 
camp near the Kennambaddy Ford ; and 
haU aflured the Vakctis, that if they dealt 
fairly with him with rcgaH to the accounts 
of the revenuei, he would, in two or three 
days, withdraw uur troops from the IfUnd. 
He addcil, that he eould not then afcer- 
ta?o what extent of country ^ould fall to 
cur Hiare, but hta fit ii option \h'ould be the 
Baramhaul and Salem dtitridis, which 
would afford a fecure frontier to the Carnatic. 
That there would be no occasion. for our for- 
wardhig any further fuppties of money to 
camp from the Prefidency ; for although he 
bad promifed an handfome gratuity to the 
troops, whofe expectations had been raifed 
pei haps too high at the profped of entering 
Seringapatam in a few days, and- who had 
every claim to reafonable confideration, yet 
he hoped Hill to have enough to prevent 
his nnA^ing any further, demands upon us 
for foRij time. 


T# thi HtMurablc Court of Dirtdort Jot thi 
j4ffa.ri of the HmtourabU United dmpatty 
of Merchants iff England trading to tb$ 
Eafi Indits. 


Since closing our addrcfs of the 15th in- 
Aanr, we have received a letter from Lord 
Comwailis, Itating, that fome delay had 
arifen in the progrefft of the negociati(vn, in 
eonfequence of the ditficulties which bad 
been (lurted by Tipped Sultaun about the 
country and the money, and that, notwith* 
Aanding his Lorddiip's daily remonftrances, 
and lippoo^s repeated promifes to defifl, 
great numbers of men had been condantty 
employed in Arengthening the wail oppolite 
to our approaches. 

His Lordfhip informed us, that he always 
expelled to find much trouble in making 
Tippoo confent to the prefent treaty, and 
that, in that refpeO, he had not been difap- 
pointed ; the Sultaun having pra^lifed every 
fpecies of chicane^ and every pretext for dc. 
lay. That it w^s however necelf^ry, on 
all accounts, that the bufinefs fhould be 
brought to a fpeedy iflTue, and that if Tip- 
• poo did not in two or three days comply 
with the pofitive requifitions which had 
bctn made to him, his Lord(hip (hould think 
It necUTary to have recourfe to coercive mca- 

faret. He added, that it was not eafy t# 
fuppofe Tippoo would have an idea of re« 
newing HofVilities, after giving up his two 
fons as hoAages, and paying above eleven 
hundred thoufand pounds, although bo 
was a man tfiat ought not to be trofted tbo 

Since writing the above^ another letter 
has been received from his Lordfhip, accom« 
panied by copies of two letters from Sir John 
Kennaway to Tippoo^s Vakeels, and of ihc 
anfwer of the latter, regarding the divifion 
of the Siilttun*s> country. In this letter, an 
•xtrad of which was laid before us by Sir 
Charles Oakeley, hit Lordfhip obferved, that 
if Tippoo did, from the firA, determine not 
to give as the BaramhaQi and Salem difh'idi» 
and the forts of Gooty and Balhary to our 
allies, he certainly did not ferioufly intend xm 
execute the conditions of the Preliminary 
Articles, nor could he expedl to conclude 
a peace. That he began to work in th« 
fort on the very night on which he feht hit 
two fons to camp, and had very roucli 
Arengtbened the wall oppoAte to oar attack ; 
but his Lordfhip doubted whether all Tip- 
poo had done, or could do, would be worth 
eleven hundred thoufand pounds and two 
fuch hofbiges. That PurCeran Bhow was 
to march on the 14th to the Kennembaddy 
Ford, in order to join General Abcrcromby* 
and that the boftages were to fet oat in the 
morning of the fame day for Bangalore. 

0«r ading Prcfident has laid before ot 
an excrad of another letter from Lord Conw 
wallis, dated the 1 5th in A. by which we wero 
informed that the Vakeels had, the night 
before, acqui^fced in the furrender of Gooty 
and Balhary, and the Baramhaul and Saleia 
country, and relioqulfhed the Coorga coan- 
try; and that the difpute about the batta 
bad likewifc been fettled \ but that Tippoo*s 
unremitting induAry in working night ^pd 
day would oecafion doubt of the Ancet ity of 
a perfon of better chanider. 

The next poA gave us the pleafing infor- 
mation, that the Dsfinitive Treaty had been 
finally adjuAed with all parties j that the 
Vakeels were preparing to carry it into tbo 
fort, and had promifed to return with ic^ 
figned and fealed by Tippoo, the next mom* 
ing, to the tent of the young hofUges, who 
were to deliver it into his Lordfhip's bandf. 
Lord Cornwallis added, that by this tiealy tl» 
Company had acquired a territory, the net 
revenue of which amounted to thirty-nino 
lacks and tifty thoufand rupees* , 

We liave juA received advice from Lord 
Cornwallis, that the Definitive Treaty was 
Agned and fealed by TTppoo, and deliverod 
lAio hit Lordibip't Imids by one of his (bus 

Jigitized by Google ** 



•n the 19th inflant. His Lordship has not 
yet fcnt a copy of the Treaty, buc rcqucftrid 
the (hip might fail immediately with this ac- 

Wc have theh'^noor totranfmlr, numbers 
in the packet, copies of all the letters we 
have rrceived from Lord CurnwaUit fince 
our add^efs of the i5ih inftani, 

Wc have given in charge to Capuin Rees 
a fmall box, addrefled to your Honourable 
Courtf containing a iketch of the environs of 
Seriogapatam, drawn from Captain Beatfon^s 
o-^n obfervations, with a repiefeniation of 
the attacks made upon Tippoo's redoubts 
and encampments on the night of the 6th of 
Fdmiary 1792, which we doubt not will be 
acceptable to you. 

The Northumberland has been detained 
by the defire of his Uirdlhip, who wa5 ex- 
tremely anxious that your Honourable Court 
(houM be informed by that (hip of the final 
accommodation of all difputes. 

We have the honour to be. 
With the grcateft refpeft. 
Honourable Sirs, 
Your faithful humble Servants, 

Tort Su George, March z^ i79i« 


THE Definitive Treaty with Tippoo Sul- 
Uun, of which the following is a copy, was 
received at the India -boofey overland, yefter- 
day from Bombay. 

Dsr im T I veT»e AT V of perpetual Friend- 
Ibip, for the AdjuAment of Affiirs be- 
tween (lie Honourable Engiifh Eaft Tmlia 
Company, the Nawaub Affaph Jah Be- 
hauder, and Row Pundit Paudhann Be- 
haader, and Tippoo Sultaun } fettled the 
I7ih day of March 1791 of theChnftian 
iEra, anfweriog to the 2 3d day of the 
month of Rejeb, 1106 of the Hejeree, by 
Sir John Kennaway, Bdrt. on tlie patt of 
the Right Hon. Charles Earl Cornwallis, 
K night of the Mod Kuhle Order of the 
' Garter, tec. and Meer Aalum Behauder, 
on the part of the Nawaub Aziem ul 
O.nrab Beluuder, and Bachajee Pundit, 
on tlw p:«rt of Hurry Ram Pundit Tantia 
Behaoder, 00 one part ; and by Golara 
Ally Khan Behauder, and Ally Reza 
ILhan, 00 the belialf of Tippoo SulUua, 
according to the undermentioned Articles, 
which, by the bleffing of God ! fliall bo 
binding on their heirs and fucceffors as long 
as the Svm and Moon endure, and the con- 
djtionsof them be invari.iu^ bfervcd by 
the CefKraaing Parties. 

Art. I. The frieiidfliip fubfifting between 
the Hon, Company and the Sircar of Tippoo 
Sultaun, agreeable to former treaties, the 
firft with the late Nawaub Hyder Aliy Khan, 
bearing date the 8:h of Auguft 1770, anj 
the other with Tippoo Sult»un <>f th*'. 1 1 h 
of March 1784, is herrby confirmed and 
increafcd, and the Ancles of the two for- 
mer treaties are to rem-^io in full force, ex* 
ceptmg fuch of them as by the prefent en* 
gagement are otht^rwife adjuf)ed{ and the 
8th' Article of the fecond above- mentinned 
trea^, confirming all the pi ivileges and im- 
roanities of trade which the Nawaub Hyder 
Ally Khan granted to the faid Company, by 
the treaty entered into in the year 1770, is 
alfo, by virtue of the prefent treaty, renewed 
and confirmed. 

Ai t. II. In the fourth Article of the Pre- 
Itminaiy Treaty entered into between the 
Allied Powers and the faid Tippoo Sultaun, 
dated the »id of Feb. 179X1 it is written* 
*' until the dne performance of the three fore* 
going Articles'* (the firft Article ftipelating 
theceliion of half the country ; the fecund the 
immediate payment of half of the fum of 
money agreed to be paid, and the remainder 
in fpecte only, at three indalments, not 
exceeding four months each inAaimtnt \ and 
the thiid engaging for the releafe of prifoners) 
*< two of the fons of the faid Tippoo Sul- 
taun (ball be detained as hofttges ;*^ which 
Articles are confirmed by the prefent inftru- 
rocnt : Accordingly the faid Tippoo Sultaun 
(ball divide the fum, agreed to be paid at 
three ini^alments above mentioned, in'o 
three equal parts, and (ball pay to the (aid 
three Powers thsir refpef^ive fliaresy at the 
excliange affixed for the amount, to be paid 
inimediately at fuch places, on the bounda- 
ries of the Allies, as (b.ill be determined on> 
by themj and, after the performance of th« 
remaining two Articles above- mentiuned, 
that is to fay, the celfion of one liaif the . 
country, and the releafe of the prifouers, io 
cafe the amount of the three inl^almcnts to be 
paid by 'J ippoo Sultaun to the three Povirers 
prior to the expiration of the period ftipu- 
laied for it, the faid (ons of Tippoo Sultaun 
(ball be immediately difmifTed, and nW pecu* 
niary demands between the coniradting par* 
tits (halt ceafe and be at an end. 

Art. lU. By the hxd Article of the Pre- 
liminary Treaty it is agreed, that one half 
of the dominions which were in the |)of. 
feflion of the faid Tippoo Sultaun at the 
commencement of the war, (ball be ceded to 
tl)e Allies, adjacent to their refpe^Vivc bouu- 
daries, and fob)ea to their feleaion. Ac* 
cordlngly, the general abHradt of the coun* 
tiiei compofiog hrfil the dominions of Tippoo 
Sultaun, to oe ceocd 10 \\i: Aiiie&agreeablf 



to ihsir refpeftive ibtr«» is hemiato (ob- 
joined, and the deutl of them i« infertcd Ui 
a feparace Ichcdule, bearing ihe feal and fig- 
nature of Trppoo Suitaun. 
Dijirias cedsdto tbt Hon. EngHJk Company. 

Calicut 6} talookf Pagodas 8,4^1765 

Palgautcherry - - SH,ooo 

Piiidigul and Polnavcerpachrf, % 

ulookf - • 90,000 

Salem ^ • a4,tt)0 

Kootti - - 8»ooo 

Namkool - - x 6,000 

Sunkaghcrry - - 40,000 

Barah-Moliul, 9 talooks, vtz. 

Baia - Mohul, Coveripukun* . 

Vorbuddcrdroog, Paycoiu,Kan- 

gooudie, Darannpoury, Tciigry* 

coltab, Pen nagur, Co very poor, 1,34,000 
Ahmor Arruntguiry - j 8,000 

Pernouttoe - - 12,000 

Shadnnungal - - * »o,oco 

Vamloor - • 16,000 

Total Pagodas 13,16,765 
r»^* Diftri^s of ihe fame annual revenue 

are ceded to the Nawaub Afopti Jah Be. 

bauder, and to ^w Pundit Purdam fie- 


Art. IV. Whatever part of Njiimkul Son- 
Vagburry, Salem Oufupoor, Att(x)r and 
Pcrmuity, which is above ftaced, are^com- 
priled wuhin the divifion ceded to the afcre- 
faid Company, thall be fituated to iKt north- 
ward and eaft ward of the river CavcH, or if 
there (bould be any other talook, or village 
ofialooks, .fituatedas above described, they 
fiiall belong to the faid Company, and others 
of eqnal value (hall be relinqoiflied by the 
laid Company to Tippoo Suitaun in exchange 
fof them I and if, of the above difUi^, there 
ftiall be any talooks, or villages of talooks, 
fituated to Che weft ward and fouihward of 
the (aid river, they (ball be relinqtiKhed to 
Tippoo Suitaun, in exchange for others of 
equal value to the faid Company. 

Art. V. On the ratification and mutual 
exchange of ihis Definitive Jreitf, fuch dif- 
trifts and fons as arc to be ceded by Tippoo 
Suttaun, (hall b^ delivered up without ariy 
cavil or demand tor outftandiiig b<Uances; 

and fuch talooks and forts as are to he ra- 
linquilhed by the three Powers to Tippoo 
Suitaun, (hall in the fame m;)nner be de* 
livered up ; and orders to this effeA, id- 
dreffed to the Aumils and Commanders of 
forts, (hall be immediate y prepared and 
delivered to each refpedlively of the con- 
tra£)mg parties : on the receipt of which 
orders, the difcharge of the money l^ipulaced 
to be paid immediately, and the releafe of 
prifoners on all fides, of uhiclt the contrad- 
ing parties coofidering God as prefeot and a 
wicnefs, (hall releafe, without cavil, all that 
are in exiAenc49, and (ball not drtain a (ingle 
ptrJon, Tlie armies of the Allied Powers 
(hall march frcm Seringapatam ; fuch fortt 
and places; neverthelefs, as (hall be in the 
poire(rjon of the faid Company, and on ihe 
road by which (aid armies arf to march, 
(hall not be given up until 4he (aid armies 
(hall h^ve moved the (tores, grain, &c. and 
(irk VLhich are hi them, and Iha^ have pafled 
them on their return ; as far^ak pofllible no 
delay (hall be allowed to occur in the faid 
(tores, tec. being removed. 

Art. VI. Whatever guns and (hot (hall 
be left by. Tippoo Suitaun in the forts which 
he has agreed to cede to the AlHed Powers, 
an equal number of guns and (hot (bill be 
left in the forts v^hich the Allied Powen 
have agreed to rellore to Tippoo Suitaun. 

Art. Vll. The contracting parties agree 
thrt Zemindars and Auroildars being in^ba* 
- lance to either party, and rc|>airiog ta the 
country of either party, protcAioo (ball not 
be given them, and they (hall be reftored. 
If hereafter it (bould happen that any dlf* 
pules arifc on the boundaries of the Allies 
and the faid Tippoo Sujtaun, fuch difpates 
(ball be adjuAcd with the knowledge aod 
approbation of all parties. 

Art Vlil. The Folygars and Zeroi^darj 
of this country, who. in the courfe of the 
prefent war have attached themfelves and 
been (erviceable to the Allies, (hall not on 
that account, in any (hape or maonpr, be 
injured or moltffed by Tippoo Suitaun, 

Signed and fealcd in Camp, near Serin- 
gapatam, this 18th day of March, i^92« 



^F this place we are enabled to prefent 
^^ our readers with a Sovtn View (from a 
Z)rawing of Col. Cr.ArDt Martin), taken 
from the infiHe of Pettah, the Rock. The part 
marked ji, is about i»oo feet high, and the 

length from S, to C. about 700 y«rds. Note, 
The Pettah /lands 00 high ground, abouc 
300 feet perpendicular from the level of the 
Country North of the Rock* 



zed by Google 


zed by Google 


zed by Google 

( 157 ) 



nr HE new Polifb ponftitodon is at laft over- 
'- (browD. Notwithlianding ihe bravery, 
patriocifm» and courage of the Poles, they 
have been obliged to yield to fuperior force.* 

The WarCaw Gasette of the 25th of July 
ioformt us, that the conbination of three 
powerful oeighbouring States, while the Poles 
were left without the aid of a fingle ally, re- 
duced them to the mortifying neceffity o^ 
agreeing to an accommodation with Ruflia, to 
preveat a partition of ihetr territories annong 
tbcir unfeeling, and, we mayfly, treacherous 

The .King, finding not only that his Ally 
the King of PrulBa had ' deferted him, but 
Chat be had joined the Emprefs in her ambi. 
tious«add tyrannical views, called a meeting 
of the Deputies of the difisrent Provinces 
upon the ^3d of July, to deliberate on the 
beft meafores to be purfued for the welfare 
of the country.— Of two evils they were 
obliged to choofe the lead ; either to have 
their country entirely del^royed by the im- 
mcnfe armies which were bver-ruoning it, 
and perhaps to have their exigence as a State 
annihilated, or to agree to the haughty terms 
impofed upon thtm by their too powerful 

The King was obliged not only to annul 
the Cooltitntion of 3d May 1791, and agree 
to the re-eftabliihmenc of that which exifted 
before the Revolution, but even to order the 
army under Prince Poniatowlki to be deli. 
fered up to the Ruffian General Brinicki. 
Tl)is was to take place, according to the 
agreement, on the 29th July. 

Many people, however, have diffmted from 
Ihe general refolution. Malachow(ki,FotocIct, 
Sapieha, Solticki, 3cc. refufed to ^gn the Re. 
coofederatieo. Upwards of 4^00 Nobles, 
and feverai others, aflembled, calling out 
** Tht ConftUutioH without the King /'* They 
fought after Malachowfki, Prince Sapieha, 
Potocki, and SoUicki, and carried them 
teond in public. 

In the Grand Dukedom of Lithuania, in 
particubr, a fpirit of refifiance ilill feemsto 
manifeft itfelf. What a difgrace to the po- 
licy of Europe, that not one State could be 
found friendly to a caufie fo honourable to 
•^oflMnity I It is not many months fince Eu- 
rope was on the eve of a general war for a 
^cn terricory between the Bog and the 
'^'^e^'j to preCsrve the Balance of Power ; 
*«* DOW a whole kingdom has been allowed 
Mill a viaiffl to the ambition of Ruffia, 
^^''lout a fiogle io^MCioa being thrown out 

by any one Power that the fame balance would 
be thereby endangered 1 

Mahifesto or Declaration of bit 
ExctiUnty Count Malachowsxi, Mat** 
Jhalof4bt Diet. 

lachowiki, M^rfhil nfthe Diet, and of the 
Con federation of the Provinces of the Crown, 
Knight of the Polilh Orders, &c. appearing 
in perfon at the Ten itorial Chnncery oJF War- 
faw, has freely and voUititanly, in prefence 
of all the Officers of rhe f.Jd Cnancery, made 
a Declaration of the folhiwing tenor : 

** In this mournful crlfis, when diforders 
exifl which ought to wound the heart ol 
every citizen faithful to his du y ; in thi4 
fatal moment, when we fee with grief a 
powerful foreign force, authorifeJ this day, 
by the adheflon of his Maj'.Ay to the Confe- 
deration of Targowicz, to d (Iroy the work 
of our regenenition— this fa'utary work, un« 
dertaken and atchieved under the aufpices of 
Liberty — this work.Which the whole nation 
applauded with tranfport, and wfiicb (he 
had fworn to maintain with all her power s 

•< 1 yield to the dictates of my coofcieoce, 
and oonfider it a (acred I'ucy openly to de« 
(lare in the face of Heaveii, of the whole 
Univerfe, and nf all PoOerity, that I fee, and 
ever (hall fee, in the Confederation of Tar. 
gowicz, formed under the protedion of, and 
fupported by a foreign army, an a3 of o^sn 
defpotifntt contrary to the wi(hes as well ^ 
to the intereOs of the Nation, and infringing 
the facred nghts of all claffe:* of citizens \ aa 
audacious enierprize which has been preceded 
by murder and difaflers, and which will in- 
fallibly be followed by anarchy, fervitude, 
and the total ruin of the Repablic. 

'* This Protefl has net for its ehjed to 
throw bu' the leaft reproash againft any per- 
fon what foe ver. 

<* Infenfihlc Co all perfotial griefs, and not 
knowing either refentment or hatred, my 
confcicnce hears me witnefs, that 1 never had 
any deflt e but for the glory and welfare of 
my country J that I have employed myfelf 
faithfully to the amelioration of its prefent 
(Ute ; that I have never wronged any perfoa 
intentionally ; that I never attempted, by 
the help of a vile dependency, to fecure :h9 
protection of any foreign Court, or ever af- 
fected to defy any of them } and that, always 
faithful to the obligations my fituation im- 
pofed, I have endeavoured to fulfil my XdXk, 
with the molt fcrupuloos exaCt tude, 

** Full of this coRfideacei and fortified 

Jigitized by LjOOQIC ' 



with the purity of my intention, I fubmii to 
the divine juflice the deOioies of my country^ 
and the proceedmcs of thofe whofe pleafure 
it has baen to do hurt to the Republic. J de- 
clare further, that the preftnt Diet and the 
Confederltinn fuHfift in all their vigmii^— that 
the aa of Aifpenfion of the AiTembly gave to 
bit MajfiAy thtf^unlimited right of convoking 
the Diet whenever the neceifitiea of the Sute 
require tt^^tbat this Coovocatioa has not 
taken place^ and thst, inflead of terminating 
in the ufoal manner this firft Legiflative Af. 
lemhly, they have, contrary to the exprefs 
will of all its Members, acceded to a new one 
formed H Targowicz, and which declares the 
ethers null and illegal, 

«* Seeing then my country threatened with 
the greateA evils, and not being willing my 
confcience fboold reproach me in' any thing, 
I think myfelf obliged to iofiirm my fellow, 
dttztns of all the fatal ills with which they 
have h^n threatened. 

** Oh Kation, tlut I bear in my bofomi 
Oh my dear co patriots I 1 partake of your 
miifortones, but I cannot foften them. Alas ! 
iher^ only remains for me to offer yop tears ; 
my fidelity and mv inviolable attachment ar9 
known to you. * Nothing can diminiih or de- 
Jkr^ them ; but I cannot give you any more 
^proof of them, as they have deprived me of 
the means. 



And Qoderneath 

F u c H X L ▲, Rfgemt of th* Ckaftury, 

[Another Piotest to the (aroe purport has 
Marfbtfl of the Confederation of the Grand 
. Duchy of Lithuania, and regiAered in the 
Afts of the Territorial Chancery of the 
Diichy, at the Palace of the Ring at War- 

>c*c >c.-< aooc 


Tmriiy July 30. The Prefident ycftcrday 
announced to the Aflfembly the foUo>ffing 
letter from M. La Fayette to ll)C MiniUer of 
the Inteiior Department : 

*< If J uas aikcd concerning my principles, I 
would reply, < Mycondudwill attefl,that 1 
liave always co-operated with the Declaration of 
the Rights of Men; but as this is not tlie pre- 
sent quertion, it, is expedled that I fhould 
anfwer as to a matter of fa^— ^hich i», 
whctlwr in (juitUngtlic frontiers, and m^irch- 
ing tonards Paris, 1 intended to bcfiegc the 

city. I anfwer in four words— It— >is-«- 
not— -true. 

(Signed) « LA FAYETTE. 
** Camp at Loogwi, 26th July z 792—4^ 
TheAffembly fent the Letter to the Com* 
mittee of General Infpedion. 

M. Luckner has written to the Prefident 
of the Aflembly, for the exprefs purp^fe of 
denying tb^tt ever he accofed \ak Fayette of 
an intention to march againft Paris. 

The fifteen fuutiiern departments of Franot 
have openc^d a fubfcription of three milli«na 
of livres, to be diflributed in rewards for tak- 
ing the lives of the piincipal perfons coa« 
cemed in the league againd tltc t'rench^ 
which are offered in thefe fums : 

For tlie EnApeior • 400,000 

The King of PruAia 40o,oco 

The Duke of Brunfwick 400.000 

Staniflaus Xavier Monficur 300,000 
Charles Philippe D'Artojs 300,006 
Louis Jofeph Cond^ 209,006 

Louis Henri Jofeph Bourbon 3oo,oco 
Bouitl^ Tinfame • 200,000 

Lambefc - - x 00,000 

Broglio • » X 00.000 

Mirabeau Tonnean • 100,000 
Calonne - - 30,00* 

What remsinsy to be employed in rewards 
to thofii who may aflift in deft rcy ing any 
other principal pattiz^ in the league. 

pjrij, Aug, 9. In the fitting of the Na- 
tional Afrcra»>ly on Thurfday laft, the follow, 
ing decreet, moved by M. Guadet, was una- 
nimoufly p«(Tedt 

I. *« Every officer or foldier of the ene- 
mies armies, who, dcfiring to range them- 
ielves under the banner of liberty, ihaM ap- 
pear at a military pofl, or before one of th« 
conflituted authorities, as a French citizen, 
ihall be received with fraternal aflfiiAion ; 
fiiall be prefented, as a fign of his adoption, 
with a cockade of three colours; fhalk enjoy 
a penfion for life of an hundred livres, of 
which one quarter fhaH be always in ac!<. 
vance, and fhall be admitted to take the 
Civic Oath. The penfion, upon their 4e- 
ceafe, fhall be continued to their widows. 

a. ** 1 hofe who would not contra^ a 
military engagennent, (hall not be forced to 
it \ thofe wlio chufc it, Riall be admitted to 
what aimy they pleafe, atid (hall receive the 
ordinary fee upon cnlifling. 

3. •* Lirts fhall be formed of forrignert 
in the fervice of France, and the penlioof 

of thofe who die fhall be continued to the 
furvivors, till ilte latter fhall have aanmties of 
500 livres eech. 

4. *• The widows of foch military per- 
sons will receive the annual penfioo ^'leo 



zed by Google 



Cnwy bat will not fhare the benefits of the 

5. ** Tbofe who do not. take a military 
fosagement Oiall retire into the inter iof 
parts of the kingdom j thofe who (hall ierve 
will have the fame reward for brilliant ac* 
lions as French cicrzens, 

6. *^ If France fhall ever be drawn into 
a war with a free nation exercifing its own 
fovertipity, military perfons of that nation 
are not to have the advantages of the preftnt 

The Ailemhly were afraid to begin the 
week with a difcuflion on La Fayette*s 
late cooduA, and bis nanne was not pro- 
nounced before yefterday— when the Com- 
mittee to which the bufinefs had been re- 
ferred proclaimed him guilty of high trea-, 
ibo, for having fuifered his army to delibe* 
rate j for having quitted the troops eotmf^ed 
Co his command, in order to exprefs their 
coUtdive fenfe relative to the events of (he 
loth of June j for having unconftitutinn^lly 
aimed at abolifbing ail popular focieties; and, 
in (borr, for having propofed to Maifhsd 
Luckner to march with him againft the 
capital, the feat of riot and diforder. 

M. Vaoblanc invalidated every charge-— 
** far from permitting his army to deliberate, 
be reprimanded the different corps that ad- 
drefkid him on the difgraceful events of the 
20tb of Jane — be did not come to Paris to 
exprefs the collective wilt of his troops, he 
adopted that meifore merely to prevent an 
cxplofion which might have been fatal — he 
appeared at the bar for himfelf j General 
U Fayette w'dbed to fee clubs abolilbed— 
to fee ibe galleries kept in order, for the 
moft obvious reafous— it was a fhame that 
the National Afllembly fhoold he governed 
by dnbs, and a trifling, wanton, portion of 
the people— every body knew that, what 
with tbe manoeuvres ef the jacobins, and 
the threat* of (be galleries, more than half 
Che decrees were extorted." 

M. Vaoblanc was obliged to tell terrible 
truths— The day of reckoning was faft ap- 
proaching — 'the people would foon diftin- 
goifli their true from their foppofed friends 
— >FreoGbfDea would, ere long, lament their 
folly and credulity «->Gener4.i.a Fayette was 
facapable of aAing diihoooorably ; he was 
■n hooeft foldier, and foldien were not vU- 
linns I He could.DoC bare made an uucoofti- 
totsooal propo^cioD to Maiihal Luckner, 
DOT would the gallant veteran have acceded 
fa it— tbe Marlhal afl*erted that^the words 
pot into bisnonm by Mellrs.Guadet, Brifinr, 
ttd Ce. bad never been ottered by him— 
le Pj^ette to think of marching againft the 
c^iital of bis native land !•— abford, ground- 

Such were tbe> general beads of M. Vau- 
blanc's animated fiKech in favour of the 
traduced La Fayette. Briflbt's logic failed 
him, he ferved tbe caufe he wifbcd to defeat 
-"he was for the impeachment. 

A majority, however, acquitted the Gene* - 
ral-'ii4 voted againft, 406 fcr him. 

As fonn as the Houfe adjourned, a mob 
gathered round the Hall, and as the Mem* 
bers who had voted for La Fayette were 
coming out (the Jacobins have one door, tho 
Feuillans another) fome of them wera 
collared, others fpit upon, and all moft 
ihaniefull]^ ahufed ; the fUhwomen were 
the moft outrageous— they cried out, '* Ve 
TiUains t after to-morrow (hall be the 14th 
of July for you, we want to fee fome bloouy 
heads again!** 

What contribnted to irritate the mob 
more was, that the acquittal of the General 
feemed to prefage ^ood to the Monarch. 
Summary Account of thi dreadful Tumuli m 

Patit^ and cf thi Frocadingi of tbt Na^ 

tional Affimbly^ from th$ ^tb to th* i ^tb if 


IN tiie National A/Tembly on the 9th fe* 
veral Members who had voted in favour of 
M . de la Fayette, complained of the ill treat* 
ment they had received from the mob oci 
leaving the AfiTembly^ MclTrs. Mariere, 
Dumoiard, Beaucaroo, &c. narrowly efcaped 
aifaflination. They claimed protedlion \ and 
the AfTcmbly with cme acQ>rd fwore to en* 
force rcfped towards the Legidatlve Body. 

The fitting of this day, appointed to dlf« 
cufs the propriety of dethroning the Kinj^, 
ended with agreeing to an 'Addrefs to tbe 
People on the belt means of excrcifing the 
royal prerogative. 

This dilatory conduA of the Affembly re- 
fpedling the ICing*s depofition roufed the ci- 
tizens of Paris to a pitch of fury little (hort 
of madnefs. Thurfday night all the ftreets 
were illuminated, but nothing luppened tiU 
Friday; on which day, very early in the 
morning, the tocfin (alarm beil):Was founded, 
and the drums bei*t the ffnsralt in all parte 
of the city and fuburbs. Tbe AlTembly were 
at their pofl. When the attack began at tfm^ 
Palace, tbe Kin^, the Queen, the Dauphin, 
the Princefs, and Madame Elizabeth, ac* 
compenied by the Minifters, the Memberf 
of the Department and Municipality, fled for 
protedion to the National Aflembly; wherey 
having feated himfelf by the fide of the Pre* 
fldent, the King addrefTed the Afiembiy thus : 
" I am come here with a view to avoid :he 
commifQon of a capital crime ; and, Gentle* 
men, 1 fhall think myfelf fafe among you.** 

It being oblerved on both fidts, tliat the 
Aflembly could not deliberate in the pre* 
fence of the Executive Pawer^his Majefty 

Jigitized by C3 ^It^ 



retired (o hts family- at the bar, haying fo- 
Jemnly declared, « he had given expreft or- 
ders CO the Swid Guards not to fire upon the 
people/' / 

In the interior part of the Caftle, the 
Swifs Guards had Seen doubled ; a great 
number of Grtnadicrt entered it. In 
hopes of meettnj; with little or no refiftance. 
About two or three o'clock a number of pa« 
troles dire^ed their courfe to the Thnilleries. 
A fitllb patrole was furprized in the Champs 
%]yf6 s, part of whom were fcized, and the 
re(t fled ; four of them had very iharp dag- 
gers, and piflols which ditchargM twelve 
balli at a time. Thefe four, among whom 
were M. Suleau, a famops ariftocratical 
Writer, and a pried, were put to death by 
the people, and tbeir hwids carried about 
on pikes. 

The gates of the aKenal had been opened ; 
thither the people went, and fumiOied thehi- 
l^ves with arms. About fix in the mom* 
tng they were in motion in all parts of the 
enpital. DifTerent detachments of National 
Guards, citizens armed with pikes, the Mir- 
fcUlois, federate Bretons, and others, drew 
thcmfdves up in order of battle in the Place 
de Carcufel. The Swifs faluted the citizens 
wiih'thcir caps, crying f^ive U Nfttion f and 
A)oolc hands with the Marfeillois. On a 
fudden a general difcharge was made from 
the windows; the balls poured down in 
Ihewers i the citizens fled j the Marfeillois 
and the Bretons ra1Ii<H ; the Farifians fe* 
conded them, and the fire was returned. 

They then naflied into the Caroufcl, and, 
TMnwithftanding the heavy fire kcpr up by the 
fiwifs from the grand Aaircafe, penetrated as 
far as the terrace, on whieh the Swifs Uid 
down their armsj hut a j^rest number oji 
Kfarfeillois, federates*, and ci izcns of Paris, 
having been killed, revent'C a^uated their 
companions, and they mafTacrcdall the Swifs 
they met 5 many however hid thcmf'lves In 
the cellars, eighty were conduced hy the Na- 
tional Guard to the Town HjII; and endea- 
vours were made to fiivc then-^ but in vain. 
Vtngtanit was the word, and they all fuf- 

The Caftle of the ThuVlieries was in the 
fKMvtr of the citircns j t'le buildings which 
feparated the Piare de Caroufd was already 
on fire. The furniture of the Caftlc was 
thrown out of the windews, and the win- 
dows all broken. Thofe, however, who 
were found purloining any of the efife^s 
were taken to the Place de Vendome, and 

ifter a fort of trial were imtnedlatelypnt t# 
death by the'people. 

In the interim all the lefler buildings VkI- 
joiningthe Thoillerics were in a blaze. A 
nsmber of citizens paraded about with part 
of the bloody apparel of the Swifs on their 
pikes and bayonets. 

Amidft all chi; diforder and fcenes of 
bloodshed, it was aftonifhing to fee Ihe crouds 
of men, women, and children, unarmed, 
whom curiofity had attraded, walking about 
with the utmoft compofure. 

About eight o^clock, the approach of 
night, the light of the fiambeaos (almof^ ex. 
tingui(hed), the fight of the dead and almoft 
naked bodies of the Swifs, and the con- 
fufed cries of the multitude, filled the itUnd 
with horror and terror. The night, how- 
ever, paired very calmly ; but M. Mandat, 
M. Carle, and Riany others, were put to 
death by the people. 

After the mob had got pofleflfion of the 
palace, an immenfe crowd burft into the 
different apartmcrits ; fome of whom carried 
to the AfiCemhly the Queen's jewels, valuable 
effi:£ls, money, and important papers. The 
fornitute was t-^ken to the Se^bns, and the 
papers were fent to the Committee of 
Safety. The (Matties of Louis XIV. and 
XV. were delVroyed. 

The day was exeefTively hot; and the 
mob regaled themfelves on the King^s wihie. 
They brouj;^ it out in immenfe quamities : 
and It was not uncommon to fee men af>d 
women, after their own draught, put th« 
bottle to the mouth of the dead, lying in 
man^hd heaps ! with that fpirit of furious 
fport which they hare all alon^ exhibited* 
crying, ** Here, take your laft drink ! drink 
to the nation !** 

Panng this tumult, while the noife of 
cannon was hezrd in the AlTtrobly, and 
f«;veral (bots even entered the windows, the 
Members (till continued iher deliberations, 
the Jacobin party exclaiming, Uhtrty ! 
lE^uaHiy! and all raifing their hands to- 
wards Heaven, (wearing they would die to 
favc tbeir country. 

It was. obfcrved, that many Members, 
either through fear, or fome c^her motive, 
were abfent ; it was therefore oonfidered as 
of importance to make a call of the Houfe, \o 
determine who were prefent. This being $fe- 
creed,each Member took the following oath i 
** 1 fwear, in the name of the Nation, to 
maintain Liberty and Equality, or to die at 
my poft." 

* Chofen partizans of the Jacobin or Republican party, fent from the provtncea to fwear 
in their names at the federation held the 14th of July laft^ who have continued ever fitrce 
te Palis. 

M. Dm- 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

tORElGN INt'ELLlGfiJfCl!* 


tl.PattbancoiiTty the War Miniftery wat 
ftrrefted on Friday night, and conducted to 
pnCoa : M. Berchier, ens of his chief affif- 
tantS9 has alio been arrcAed, MefTrs. Boc- 
qmllod, Buopy and ^mfon Duperon, Jaf- 
tices of the Peace, have been fent to the 

Orders have been given to arreft M. La- 
chenaye. Commander of the i6th legion, 
and BuUceries, Cobnelof the Gens d*Armesi 

In the fefl&on of the Natipnal Aflembly of 
the loth, it was decreed that a camp fhould 
be formed of the citizens of Paris, under 
the walls of the city. 

A Decree was paflisd for a National Con- 
^rention to be formed, to confilt of as many 
Defvnties as the piefent LegtHjiture. The 
Primary Aflbmblies will be held on the tdtb 
of Aagaft. AU citizens, inhabitants, %$ 
years of age, have a right of ele^Uoo, taking 
tba each to nuintain Uberty and Equality, 
flr to die i« tbeir defence *• The filedors 
will aflemble the %d of September to ele6^ 
the Deputies, who will meet at Paris on 
the xoth of September, inveAed with on* 
limited powers ) and as ibon as they (hall 
have eladed 200, the prefient Legihature 
Ihiil pre place to ibenu 

The Decrees of the Aflembly were decreed 
to have the force of Laws, and the date 
ieal is to be affixed to than, the King*e 
IsmUJ^on being aoneceflary. 

In the feffion of the nth the Federates 
at Marfeilles requelted permiffion to efcort 
the Swifs fokliers, whom they joined in the 
limits of the Aflembly, to a place of fafety, 
as, being conquered, they no lonfer re- 
garded them as enemies. 

M, Bazire propofed, that all the oflken 
of Che army flioald be dUbanded, and the 
(oMtrs allowed to choofe new ones for them* 
Mves. Rdierred to (be Extraordinary Com* 

In the feflkM of the lath feveral Mem- 
beie expreflfed their fears of a plot to carry 
eff the King. Tbe peribns who formed h[s 
giard were unknown to tbem ) and a pfr* 
loo had been arrefted on fofpidcn of being a 
fpy from M. de la Fayette ; bis papers had 
been leafed. Tbe Aflembly decreed, in 
conieqocnce, that tbe King fliould be re* 
^«efled tp declare who tbe periboa are who 
are around him j and that if Mcflirs. Nar- 
bonoe and the Prince de Foix are with him, 
Ibey OiaU ba ordered tt> the bar to give an 

iccoont c( their motives for cbmbg to 

The Se^Bon of Marfeilles, ^ onanlmoufly 
Indignant at the crimes of Louis XVI. re* 
volting at the numerous attempts of bis per- 
juries, and at the public aflaffinations whicH 
have juft been committed^ declare, that hd 
foaU never again be diftinguiihed by the 
Se^ion btit utider the denomination of the 
Traitor Louis XVI* and that no member 
can give him any other name in the General 
Aflemblies,*' «c. 

Orders were given to feardh for (he widows 
and orphans of the citisens who fell en tlM 
loth, and to grant tbem the lame indemnitiea 
as were^given to the reKds of the Conquerort 

M« Petion appeared at the bar, and in* 
formed the Aflembly, that in tbeir Mam 
order was reftored to Paris t <* Every where 
'(fald he) the people bleis you, and bleft 
your Decrees. Thecitizens now confide in 
the laws, and in the Magiftrates.** 

The King, Queen, and the reft of tb« 
Royal Family, after being kept in a moil 
ignominious nuu^ner ia Ibme mean apart* 
ment of the Hall of tbe Aflembly, were re« 
moved on Monday to the Palace of the Tem« 
ple« belonging to the Count d^Artois, under 
a {trong efcort of the National troops to keep 
off the mob, who were hifliog and curfing 
tbem bitteriy as they pafled along. Ttf 
prevent any fedodion of their guard, either 
by friends or enemies, it will be a fort of 
fifri/mtstifft arwty, to be returned daily hf 
the Sedions in the proportion of no menace 

Till the National Gonvantion fhill bt 
formed, the Aflembly decree, that }OQ>oo# 
livres^ inftead of the Civil lift, fliall be paid 
to the peHbn appointed by the Kii^, In tbd 
proportidn of one-eighth per week j that no 
perfon fliall be admitted to tbe King witbool 
an order from the Mooictpality, and that thi 
revenues of the Civil Lift fliall^ to the Pub* 
lie Treafory. 

In the maflacre of the Thoilleries on thi 
13th, the lofs of lives are eftimatedat f 
or Sooo. Every one regrets that M. d« 
Clermont Tonnerre, one ef tbe baft itoea 
among them, was il4in ; his head waa among 
thofe carried on a pole about' Paris^ Tha 
mob miftook him for tbe Prince de Poix. 

Thehoufe of* tbe primer of the Journal 
de Paris, and all bis property^ w^re burnt 

* There are about 70,000 a^ive oitisenf, who cM 900 ) and theibde^'i4 deputies t» 
Ibe AflemUyt as reprefentatives for Pans. The number of Seaions into which the ci^ ia 
dividid, and into which the primary votefs are diftributed when they exercife their foo^ona 
It feity-eigh^) by varipua excellent regulations, notwittdtandii^.lhelaft^edion contiiined 
a month, all was peaee^ and order riifood uftivarfaily* 

. \^ 3UU1. T jigitized by Google d* 



and MhiQfcdon Fridaf lail, and the peopit 
are dettrmioad, that iteSther ha nor any af 
tha ariitocratic printert ibaU circnlaia thair 
opinions through tha praft } in aooliBquanca 
of which there it no Joarnal da Paris, Mar- 
aura da Franca, Gazette da Paris, Journal da 
France^orany other piinuon thofe principles. 

T^o lettersi foand in the efcmtoira oC 
the Qocan» have been publifiied, to profa a 
correfpondence of the Court with iha ena- 
nies of the coantry. ^ 

The dtlaetts who hrought the jewels, Jbc* 
ti the Royal Family from tha Cama» and de. 
^fiiad than! with tha National Affemhly, 

tafufra any mooBpanca whaKvCTf feyBi^^ 
that they wara fiidsfied with having don* 
their daty* 

Akf. tp Tha AilbnUy pnhlUbad mm 
Addreis to tha Nation, drawn up by M. 
. Condorcat, is which they ferarely arraagn 
the King's condad, and Uit forth at larga 
the cornipt praftioet of his Mlniftry, with 
tha aUedgad canfts that lad to tha latedraad. 

Appeared a Dapotation from the Conadl 
of the Commons, giving the mofi oomfort* 
aUe infarmatioo that Paris is nolongar to b« 
poUniad with Aridocradc newfpapers* 


AvaaST !• 

tandanee, and another from Mr. Wadgwaotf^ 

MR, Dudley Adams praiimtad tha King defiring his own name to ha pot down iA 
with a View of a Fair of the moft tiia fobfcriptian for ona hundred pounds^ aai 

aach of his three Ions Cor 50L ttch f • 

<• Sarjaant Grant, whofa cala has baas 
lately to freciQently me nti o n iid, reaeived fifty 
laflies on tha parade in St. jamas's Park. Hit 
Majefty was gracioufly pfoaied to remit tha 
ramaming950. ThaSeneaot istocoptiaiia 
a priiiDner in tlia Savoy till ha can ba fanr 
out to his regiment in tha EaB Indies. 

8. At foor o*clock in tha moraing, tbafr 
Mqeflies, wkh aU tha Princaflhs, left Wind, 
for for BaglhoC; as foon as they raacbad 
their tent thay ware joined by tha Princa of 
W^las, Dukes of York and GkaicdMr^ 
Prince William and the Prinoeft 9opfaia o# 
Clouceaar, At nine tha manaenviae bagmi 
->they vrrra varioos, and tha caoiaf^ of thm 
two parties was ar great as in real attao* 
Tha oambers who attended were mcratSblai. 

At tha coasmencement of tha raviaw aU 
the farces paftd m aompanias and traopa 
before the paviUion which tha Royal FaaMtlf 
occupied I and this was the nwft grand, askly 
perhaps, tha only part of tha rariaw wUch 
was feen by nrany of tha popuhMO. 

Ai an exhibkion of coriolity ar fotvafb 
lor ib$ wmititmJtt tha ravssw foU vary ht 
fiiort of general expedbtian. Tha arranfa- 
mante were fo extended, -and tha avolotkiaa 
fo rapid and daxteroos, that il waaknpoAbla 
for any but good borfoancn to keep poMC 
wkh thaas, and thofo were m fuch nomban, 
aa to render k haiardoos to mix in tbm 
crowd, and thsrafare four-fifths of the vifiaoKV 
might as well have been in London as cai 
Bag^iot Ueatbk They aookl only ba war* 
ranted in aflarting to thak firieods that tbaf 
bm a great deal of fmokay much doft, aad 
aaany foMiers,— but at a |^ dillanca. 

Tha Duke of- Richaaond, as i 

aaagntfieenc Globes ever execotad in thie 
Country $ an the Celeftid Gfoba areinfertad 
3864. Stan of favan different Magnkudes, 
qn a beautifol enamelled ground I esdiMag- 
iHttfde is diAinguiibad by gold, filvar, and 
chffBrent coloured Foils. The Terreftrial 
Gtobe is Tory accurately laid down, and 
beautifully illumined | they were mounted 
hck gold and filver, and are intended as. a 
prefent ftom tha Kmg te tha Enparor of 

a. A flBofI uuaieious and refpeQabIa 
aMatbg was yelterday held at the London 
Tavern, to confider of the proprie t y of af- 
fording paeoniary foccoor to tha King and 
People of Poland. W« Smith, Efq. M. P. 
eras called to the chair, who, in an imprt f - 
five and mod forcible manner, ftated ma 
prslant fituatkui of the yntuous Poles, ftmg* 
gUng for Kherty j and wkbonc fpaeking ki 
terms which his hean would foggef^ of her 
wboapfNaOed and daihnoyad them, he faid 
be ihould only venture to affert, there waa 
a auncurre m (apcoMnt of all m thb land of 
freedom to. affift and fupport in thak noble 
aaufe, and tha mamtcnanae of thair -moil 
joft rights, a king and people fo cradfy op« 
preffed. Mr. Sheriff Coombe then fi»fe, and 
movad a fat of rafoluCSonSy which wera 
laoooded by Mr. Sheriff Anda'fon,and which 
palbd vnaniipoofly. A very large fub- 
IcriptioD uas immadiatety entered into, and 
a committee of truftaes and managers of tha 
money appointed. The chairmaof m tha 
aoorfe of his fpeech, read (evaral letters ha 
had received from the firft charaAars, ap- 
proving the meeting. There was one in 
particular from the Lord Mayor, kuneoting 
that his p«>biic avocations prevented his aU 

• Thk, wkh a PaotLAHATiOK publiflied by theKiMO, the Dvxt of BavKswicK^a 
MAVtrzsTO, (heKiMo of PavssiA's ExroaiTioK, 4iid other Statb PATsas, ana 

voavAuSaMy deferred to our neit Magazme. dnooJp 

t Tha SobfcriptkNi has been fufpandttiilace the newsarrivaJ af the wlii Mwu^pbf^ 



li Ctiie( wai attehM by two rvnmiif foot- 
inn, drefliDd in white^ who conveyed hit 
mflagci CO the pertlei near his pedbo, while 
hif Aids.dn CUDp flew with them to the 
diaaQt Aations. 

The mUiiaiy opentioQi of thti finall army 
Imve been by' veterans rooft highly (jpokeD of • 
The Kinf and the Cofnioaoder have in a 
veiy particubM' manner ezpreded theii- fatis* 
fiAion to the troops. It wis in tbeafteroooo 
that Che great mine was fpning» which it 

Oneof Colooer Moocriiff *s fiiuare radoubtt 
was eroded npoo a round hill, that theef. 
Ml to be produced by blowing op the mioe 
might be more difeemthle. The miners 
broke groood tgMxSi the 6di of the hill, 
t5t htt from the redoubt, and aboot «o Ibet 
bdowthefnmmicof thehill. Thefirilgal* 
kry was driven I IS Ibet in length, aboQt thrc« 
iest wide^ and three and a half high | from 
which comoaenccd a turning only 12 inchee 
wide and three feet high, reaching ooder the 
ndonbt 1 a (eoond tnroing of fix feet woi 
made for the chamber, into whicb'was put a 
noeden box of gmpowder, and lined with 
» pitched camras« This box contained yiolb. 
ef powder, and wm exploded by naeans of a 
wooden trough, contaaniog a canvm pipe of 
goBpowder, which wm lighted by means of 
a teaU box of the fame aitide, which gave 
the irft axplolion, lo m to cot off and light 
the camrm pipe which was to make the com- 
MadcatiDn with the chamber. 

At the explofiaa the whole redoubt rofe 
lbeat4ofset, and vaniOied in dudaod fmoke, 
Imriog a largo eicavatioa where it Hood, of 
Mr 40 feet wide, and to feet deep/ 

The fmall mioe^ was exploded a few days 
^thn^ for the purpofe of determining the 
• lafiflmui of the groond. 

The Smtlen at BagOiat-heath reaped a 
pleotifol harveft on Taefday lafti--for a 
fipgle mocton-ehop, a cucumber, and a pint 
of bid wine, they modrftly charged eighteen 
iiiUiogs l-<-and five ihillings lor tea or coffse, 
with two thin flices of bread apd butter. 

10. Powell darted at Brighton to walk a 
Mile, which he performed in nine Minutes, 
sod ran it back again in five Minutes and 5a 
Second^ which was eight Seconds within 
the Time allowed. This Exertion was for 
the fom of Fifteen Cmneas, exchifive of which 

a haodlbme ooUoAkm was made li^madiately 
aiter the Wager was decided. 

Dr. WiUisretoms from Portugal loaded with 
barsofgold,andadomod with diamonds. What 
rewards would have been beOowed on him 
had he proved fooeeftful I But the Qgeen'a 
malady is incurahlo. Her Majefty is firmly 
perfuailed Ihals iu heU, and fays that a ikil« 
ful phyfician may fometimes cure madneisy 
but never can reverfe the decrees of fote. 
The QsMen^s dlforder was firft occaftoned 
by a pBin contrived by fome monks and 
waiting-ladim for rewrfiog the bloody deqre* 
refpe6Ung tl.e families of D*Averia and Ta« 
vora. This plan ftate reafona rendered abor* 
tivof andher Mijeily believes that (he her- 
fclf, as weU m her royal father, are irrevo« 
cably doomed to eternal punilhment for tba 
cruel vengeance Infliaod 00 thofe unh^ipf 

The gratohy given by Lord ComwaHis c» 
the officers and foldiert of bis army, and 
•^ to fix months hatta, ismfbUowst 
Pagodas, Start. 
A Colonel zo8o — 43a ^ 
A Lieut. Col. 900 — 360 
A Majori 710 — 188 

A Captain aSS — 115 4 

A Lieutenant 19a — • 76 li 
An Bofigo 144 '-« 57 IS 

The above efUmale Hs made at the rate of 
eight (hillings to a pagoda, 'the fam ft which 
it is always ifllied. The non-oommiffiooed 
officers and prirates receive aAual batta, or 
ratios, confining of raclr, rice, fak or freOi 
beef i the gratuity to them is about 5I. fbri. 

To frtvmt the fatal if e3s •/ U^tmng."^ 
I^et your houTe be provided with an iron con* 
duAor ; but when this cannot be had, avoid 
fictaug or (boding wkhin two or three feet 
of the window, door, or walls of a houfe» 
during a thunder ftorm ; the nearsr you aro 
placed to the middle of a roomi the better. 
When you are not in a houfe, avoid flytog 
to the cover of woods, or a folitary tree, for 
faflety. In the open ^ a perfoo wili hm 
fafeft lyh^ Jhmm. 

"When a perfon '^ ftruck by ligbtofog, tet 
continual fridioos and inflations of the lunga 
be ufed— let gcfitle (hocks of eledfrioty oii 
made m pafs through the cheCt, when a fltil« ^ 
ful peHbn CUk be found to apply k^ and 1^ 
bliflirs he applied to the fact« 


THE Rev. Peter Peckard, D. P. to be 
Dean of Peterborough, vice ReV| 
Xiu Charles Manners Sutton preferred. 

The Rev. Du Archibald Davidfoo, Prin- 
cipal of toe Umvcrfity of Glafgow, to be 
^eapof the Mo&l^abk and Aucieat Older 

of the ThifUf, and likewifo Dean of bit 
Majefty's Chapel Royal in Scotland, vica 
Rev. Or.OeoraeHill, refigned. 

WiUiam Of^oodc, elq. to be bis MajeC 

2r*s Cnief Jufticr of the proviflfia of Upper 
anada. in Aflsarica* - -> — r> — 



Hit Grace tbe Duke of Montrofe to be 
Prclidf nt of the Society of Aiuiqa»net of 
^otlanil, vic« the Earl of Bute, dec. ind Sir 
John Sinclair, of UlbftcTi btrt, one of the 
Vice Prefid^tt, 

Sir R. Howcl Vaughan, bart. to bt Confta* 

)>le of the Caftle of Harlech in Mer ionethCbire. 

• The Eari of Levcd to be hit Majefty't 

High Conminioner 10 the Geaeral AiTcmbly 

of the Church of Scotland. 

Major Geperal Charles O'Hara, to be 
, Lieut. Governor of Gibraltar, vice Sir Henry 
Calder, dec. 

Kichard Archdall, ef<j. to be Chief Keep* 
cr of all his Majefty's Stores oi Ordnance in 
Ireland, vice Thos. Loftui, efq. dec. 

Lord Robert Fitzgerald, Co be Envoy to 

The Right Hon. Richard Earl Howe, to 
file offices or pieces of Vice Admiral of 
Great Britain, and h^cut. of the Admiralty 
^bereof, and alfo Lieut, of the Navies and 
Seaa of the fliogdom of Great Briuio, vice 
Ceorge Lord Rodney, dec. 

Right Hon. Sir James Eyre, Lord Chief 
Baron of his MajeUy's Court of Exchequer, 
to be one of the Hon. Privy Council. 

The Rev. Spencer M^dan, D. D. to the 
Bifhopric of BrikoT, vice Dr. Chriftopher 

The Rev. Thos. Jackfoo, D. D. to be a 
Canon -of the Cathedral Ctiiu'cb of St. Paul, 
).o«don« vice Dr. Chriftophcr WiUon, dec, 
William Cole, M. A. to be a Prebendary 
of the Collegiate Church of St. Peter, WrQ- 
minfter, vice l^ev. Thos. Jackfon. refigned. 
R. Griffith!, efq. proprietor and editor of 
ihc Monthly Review, tQ the degree of 
|<L. D. by Dartmouth College, North Am^ 

Sir H. Martin, bart. Comptroller of tbt 
Navy, to bean Elder Brother of the Trinity 
floufe, in the roomx>f the l||te,Earl of Stndk 

To Mifa Mavy Varaey^ daughter an4 
lieirefs of Joba Vcrney, eldei^ fon of |Ulph 
Beron Verney, and Vifcount Fermanagh 
(afterwards Earl Verney L .the dignity of 
AaroDcfs Fermanagh, andto her heirs male 
the dignity of Baronefi Fermanagh! alfo 
y vnto Dame Sarah Caveodifh. wile of the 
llight llun.S'ir Henry Cavendifb, bart. the 
fiiguity of Baronefs Waterpark, and to her 
^eirs male by the fai4 Sir Jehii, the djgnity 
pr Baron Waterpark } both of the kingdom 
pf Ireland. 

The dignity of e Baroi>et of tbe kingdom 
f>f Great Britain to Sir Richard King, km. 
^ear Admiral of tbe Red iquadron oi hia 
M|ijefly's flpet, and his heiri inale. 

The dignity of 9 Baronet of Great Britain 
tp tbeRiAt |)on. James Stirling, Lord Prov 
foA of Edinburgh, and his heirs male. 

lilt Hon. Augufttii f'hippa, |o be a Com- 
fsiffioner of Ej^cife. 

John King, efq. to be taw CIfrI( to tbe 
Sc^iTfUry of Static O^^f, 

William Ramfey and Ifaac Mtddoekft^ 
efqrs. to be Secretary and Deputy Secretary 
of the Eaft India Company. 

Capt. John Cotton to be an Elder Brother 
of the Trinity Houfe. 

William Gould, efq. to be Clerk of the 
Affize for the Home Circuit, vice Jerome 
Knappe, efq. deceafed, 

July t6. The dignity of an Earl of the 
kingdom of Great Britain to the Right 
Hon. William Earl of Mansfield, in the 
county of Nottingham, and the heirs roal» 
of his body lawfully begotten, by the namCf 
ftile, and title of the Earl Qf Mansfield, in 
the county of Middlcfr^ { with remainder 
to the Right Hon. David Vifcoum Siop« 
inont, and the heirs male of hia body la%v* 
fully bf gotten. 

The aigniiy of a Vifcount of the kin^ 
dom of Ireland to the Right Hon. George 
Lord Macartney, by the name, Aile, and 
title of Vifcount Macaimey, of Dervockg 
in the county of Antrim. 

To the Right Hon. Charica |^ar) Corn* 
wallii, the dignity of a Marquis of tb« 
kingdom of Great Britain, by the name^ 
ftiic, and title of Marquis Cornwalln. 

The honour of'the Mod Hon. Order of tli# 
Bath on Major Gerteral William Medowet 
and Major Gcnrral Robert Abercromby* 

The Right Hon. William Pitt, to tbe offic« 
of Coul^ableot his Majefly's Cinque Ports | 
and alfo the office of Warden and Keeper 
of hts Majeily's pinque Porta ; and lb* 
office of Admiralty within tbe fame. 

The Earl of ^Igin to be hia Majefty.*« 
Envoy Extraordinary to tbe Court of 

The honour of Knighthood on Erafmuf 
Gower, efq. Captain in the Royal Navy. 

The Rev. Charles Mofs, M. A. to be A 
Prebendary of Weftminfter, vice Rev, 
Robrrt Clive, dec. 

The following grntlen^en have been ap» 
poimed to ad at the fevep Public OScet 
efUbliibed by an A6t of the laft Seffion ef 
Parliament for the admioillration of joRiot 
in the counties of Middlefex and Surrey. 

In QuernVfquare, Weftiniufter : Cranv 
ley Thomas Kcrby. efq. Serjeant at Law | 
Ijcnry James Pye; a^d Jamea Petit 
Andrews, efqn. 

Great Mar)borough-ftreet, near Oxford* 
road : Nathaniel Cooant| John Scotc, an4 
i*hilip Neave, efqrs- 

^atton-gardeni Holhorn : |ltcbard Clarke 
Alderman of the city of London ; Wil* 
liapn Blamire, and Aaron Graham, efqrs. 

Worfhip-ilreet, Shored itch : John Flotni« 
Patrick Colqukooo, aqd W^Hi^i^ Gaf^oigne, 

Lanbrth-fbeet, Wbitecfaapel : WiHiafu 
WickiiMm, and ^ice Davics, cfqrt. apd the 
Tcv Henry Reyneu. 

The High-areet, Shadwell : George 
Story, lU^iiard fqrit ^ John Staplu^ 

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Untoo^ftre^t* - Southwark ; Gideon Four- 
nier, Benjamin RobcrtfoOy and Jonathan 
5tonard, cfqrt. 

War Offici, Aug. ii. 

Firil reg. of fcx.c guardSf Major-General 
Gerard Lake to be Lieutenant-Colooely vice 
Afajor-Gcncrai George Garth. 

4th reg. of foot, Lieutenant General 
George Morrifon, from 17th foot, to be 
Cokwely vice Lieut* General John Bur- 
goyne, dec. 

i7tb reg. of foot, Major-Georral George 

Garth, from ifl reg. of foot guardt, to bo 

Lieut. Col. James Stuart, of 7Bd reg. of 
foot, to be Aid-dc-Camp 10 the King, vice 
Coi. E. Steveri» promoted. 

Rev. R. Kilfha to be Chaplain to th« 
Lord Warden of the Cmque Poru, vico 
Thomas HoUtngbury, dec. 

Lieut. Alex. Ligcrtwood, of itth foot^ 
to be Town Adjutant of PorlfDaoutb. vic9 
Wilt&ire Wilfon, dec 


JOHN Spurrier, efq. of Corzon-ftrcetf 
May-fair, to Mifs Hatch, daughter of 
the Rev. Gilet Hatch, Redor oi Sutton, 

The Rev. John Yeomsnt, D. D. Fellow 
of Wadbam College, Oxford, to Miff 
Home, nearly related to the late Bifliop of 

At Edinburgh, Ebenezer Marfliall, Efq. 
of Ijillcaiiney, to Mifi Jane Colquhoun, 
youDgcft daughter of the late Sir James CoU 
^uhoun, of Lulj, bart. 

Q%pt, Beonis, of the ^Stb regiment, to 
Mi& Jametf daughter of the late celebrated 
Dr. Jamea* inventor of the Fever Powder. 

James L^acb, efq. of Sutton Montis, So* 
merfetfliire, 10 Mils Clcrke, fifter and co- 
beirefs with Richard Cierke, cfq. of Loving* 
ton, Someifet. 

Fraocia Williams Sandcrt, efq. of Lin- 
colo's-inn, to Mifs GrifHtb; and Mr. Ed- 
ward Ward, of Derby, to Mifs Sarah Grif- 
fith, both daughters of Mr, Griffith, of Pall* 
mall, wine^mecchant. 

The Right Hon, (he Earl of Albemarle, 
to the Hon. Mifa S. Southwell, fecond 
daughter Co the Dowager Lady de Clifford. 
John King, efq. Under Secretar)' of State 
for the Home Department, to Mifs Mofs, 
only daughter of the Bifbop of Bath and 

Cdward'Coke, efq, of tongford, Mem- 
ber for Derby, to Mifs Colhoun, daughter 
of William Colhoun, efq. of Wrotham, in 

Thomas Lewis, e(q. of Bedford-row, to 
Hifs Goring, eldeft daughter of Sir Harry 
Goring, bart. of Higden, SulTex, member 
for New Shorebam. 

John Pa.'raer, efa. Infpeftor oftbeFrapl;s. 
atlh* GeneralrPoft-Officc, to Ml fa Tom- 
^infon, of Taviftock-Row. 

Edward Morgan, of Golden^Grove, efq. 
fligh Sheriff o\ the county of Flint, to Mifa 
Louifa GrifHth, fecond daughter of Thomas 
Griffith, of Rhuel, in the faid county, efq, 
Frederick Phillips, of Aftley, in War- 
viUtfblre, efq. to Mifs Griffith, cldei( 
<laaglaet of the tbov« f homat Griffith, 
^I|9 *ew^f, d5j, ddta fo|k to S|t 

John Stewart, of Grandtully, bart. to Mif^ 
Drummond, daughter of John Drummond^ 
efq. of Logiealmoud, dec. 

At Dudley, Jofcph Amphlet, efq. banker^ 
to Mifs Dixon, daughter of Edward Dixoa« 
efq. banker, of that town. 

The Hon. F. Weft, brother to the Earl of 
Delawar, to Mifs Michell, daughter and co- 
beirefs of the late Richard Michell, efq. of 
Culbam-court, Berks. 

John Edward Madock^ efq. of Val^ 
Mafcal, in Kent, to the Hon. Mifs Crawn, 
eldeft fifter of the Right Hon. Lord Craven* 
Thomas Swymroers Charopneys, efq. uniy 
fod of Sir Thomas Champneys, ban. to MiJa 
C. Moftyn, fecond daughter of Sir Roger 
Moftyn, bart. Mrml^r for the county ofFlina, 
The Hon. John Thomas Capel, feoond 
fon of the Earl of Eifex. to Lady CaroJino 
Pag«t> cideft daughter of the £ail of Ux« 

Laurence PaJk, efq. Member of Parliament 
for Aihburton, and only fon of Sir Robett 
Palk, bart. to Lady Elzabeth Vaugban, 
eldfll dauflhter of Lord Lifburne. 

Edward Willes, efq. fecond fon of this 
late Hon. Mr. Juftice Willes, to Mifa HoU 
lings, daughter of the I^tc John Holliags, 
efq. of Eaton-Ma fcolt, Shroplhire. 

William Graiton, efq. lateCapuinin th^ 
64th reg. to Mifs Jane Giflard, daughter of 
Sir Duke Giffard, of Caftlejordan, county 
of Meath, ban. 

Charles Maurice Pole, efq, to Mifs Hen, 
rictta Goddard, niece of Henry Hope, cia, 
of Amflerdam. 

Thomaa F*rr, efq. to Mifs Gooch, daugbt 
ter of the late Sir Tlioraas Gooch, bart. 

James Kin>;, efq. of Stanton, Hereford- 
(hire, to Mifs Pitchford, fifter to Admiral 
C' rnifh. 

Captain Impey, eldeft fon of Sir Elijah 
Impey, to Mifs Knight, of Albemarle-ftreet. 
The Hon. William Asfheton Harbord, 
eldeft fon of the Right Hon. Lord Suffield, 
to the Right Hon. Lady Carohne Hobair, 
fecond daughter of the Earl of Buckingham, 
James Nicholas Duntze, efq. (ccond fba 
of Sir John Duntxc, ban. M. P. to Mifs jane 
Harriet Cockburo, daughter of Sir kmef 
Go^burn, bart. 



At MtMbeitr* Bttty Holme, widow, 
«fr<i €i yc«f»« to Veter Lowe, iged tt. 
lie h brocher-i»-l>W to one of the old wo* 
■lan't frtfMl»daB|btcn, which makes htm fa- 
ther » brother, uactey and grandfather. 

George Smith, dq. M« P. to Mifi Francea 
Mary Mofleyi dangbttr o£ Sir John r« MoP- 
Uy, hart. 

The Right Hon. Lord Aodley, to Mrt* 
Moorhonk, willow of the UteCoL Moor- 

The Re?. Alex. Flatt, ofQueenSd>lIefe, 
Cambridge, to Mift Charlotte Fraocklin, 
yoyngeft daoghter of the late Dr. Francklin, 
is Great Queen-ftrect. 

The Rev. Sir William Henry Gierke, bart» 
ie8or of Bury, Lancafhirc, to Mtfs Cart- 
wright, elded daughter of the lace Thomas 
Ortwright, cfq. ot Aynho, Noribamptoo* 

TboiDts Trevor Tireirm', of Bo^ynfol, in 
Montgomeryftiire, efq. to UiU Briggs, 
eldeft daughter of the Rev. — — Briggi, 
Cbaocell r of the Diocefe of Chefter. 

The Rev. Robert Evans, A. M. Fellow 
•f Jefua College, Oxford, t6 Mifa Gale, 
rfailghter of Tho. Gale, efq. of Andover. 

At lUnbury, the Rev. Brook Bridges, 
Refior of chat place, to Mrs. Haftings, wi- 
^w of Robert Haftings, eiq. late an officer 
hm the tt6th regiment, 

George Hartwel], efq. nephew to Captain 
BartwcB, of the Navy, to a daughter ofthe 
Ri|hc Hon. John O'Neal, of the kingdom 

Richard Dobbs, elq. of Caftle Dobbs, in 
the county of Antnm, to Uifa Nichola 
Obtns, fecond daughter of Michael Obina, 
«fq« and niece to Lord Vifcount Goaford. 

Charhes Brilbanr, efq. of the Royal Navy, 
Ion of Admiral Brifbanc, to Mifs Patey, 
ddeft daughter of the late Sir James Patey, 
of Re-iding. 

Bcory HaHbrd, efq. of New Cavendi(h« 
Areet, to M|Ci Figou, daughter of Frederic 
^i|Pji, er<|. 

Mauhew Bell, efq. of Woolfington, to 
Viis Sarah Brandling, daughter of Charlet 
Brandling, cfa. Member for Newcaftle. 

^dward Simeon, efq. a Dire^Or of the 
Bank, to Mifa H. Parry, daughter of Tho- 
Kas Party, efo. a DircAor of the India 

. The Rev, Roger Frank)and, yonnceH fon 
of the lace Admiral Sir T, Frankland, Bart, 
to the Hon. Mift Catharine Colvill, youngeft 
daughter of the Right Hon. Lord Colvill,of 
Cukrofi, Scotland. 

Thomas King, efq. of London, brewer, 
|o Mifs Clay, ot Birmingham. 

John Delves Brou^hion, efq. fecond fonpf 
the Rev, S.r Thomas Broughton, of Dod* 
4ington Hall, ban. and Captain in th« 
30th regtment of foot, to Mifs Bgerton, 
ddeft daughter of the late Philip £gerton, of 
Onftoo Park, efq. 

T|ic l^cv. Ciiarles Tufiiel, (09 of (Lionel 

Tufnel, of College-ftreet, Weftminfter, im 
Mifa Farley. 

Tbomu Doncafter, c(q. banker, to Mifii 
Mary Scoit, both of Wigan. 

Henry William Martin, efq. elder hn oF 
Sir Henry Martin, bart. to Mils PowelL onlf 
daughter of Thomu Powell, efq. ot Toi* 

Thomas Evance, efq. Recorder of King* 
fton upon Thames, to Mifs Drake, eldefl 
daughter and coheirefs of the late Admiral 

The Right Hon. Lord Greovilte to the 
Hon. Mifs Pttti only daughter of Lord C«« 

At Mr. Burke's feat at Beacoiufield, thm 
Right Hon. the Earl of Incbiquin, 10 Mtfi 
Palmer, nieceof the late Sir Jofhua^Reynolda* 

Jofeph Fofler Barham, efq. to Lady 
Caroline Tuiton, youngeft fitter of tkm 
Right Hon- the Earl of Thaoet» 

Capt. William Hope, of the navv, to tho 
Right Hon. L»dy Ann Hooe Johufhrne^ 
eldeft daughter of the Earl of Hopetoun. 

Charles Edward Pigou, efq. of Portland- 
place, to Mifs Charlotte Ryecroft, of Clar* 
Ses-ftrcet, fourth daughter of the lau revw 
ir Richard Ryecroft, bart. 

The Rev. George Bridgman to the Right 
Hon. Lady Louifa Ifabella Boyle, etdeli 
daughter of the Right Hon. the Earl oC 
Cork and Orrery. 

The Rev. Hugh Wade, M. A. of Netr* 
ark, -in Nottinghamfhire, R^dor of Thunr* 
ing, in Huntingdonfhire, to Mils Hcfter 
GrtYf of Bumpftead Priory, Bedfoidfliire. 

Capt. F. Chaplin, of the Blues, to M'Cf 
Chaplin, eldeft daughter of the Right Hon^ 
Lady Betty Chaplin. 

Henry Blunt, e(q. yonqgeft Ion of 
Samuel Blunt, efq. of Springfield-place, 
SufTex, to Mifft Mary AtkinlQO, of Rotting* 

At Dublin, Henry Coulfon, efq. oca# 
of the Matters of his Majefty's High Court 
of Chancery of Ireland, to the Right Hoq» 
Etixabeih Lady Dowager Tradoo, rdtft 
of James la:e Lord Trafion, Chief Barop 
of his Uaieft>*s Court of Excheqner. 

Edward Vavafbur, tfq. of Wefton>hatl« 
Yorkfliire, to Mifs Augufta Ann Sottoog 
of S^oftoo-honfe, Nottinghamfhire. 

The Right Hon* George Lord Carbenr, t» 

Thomaa Lynch Golebom, efq. of tho 
ifl^nd of Jamais to Mifa Ma whey, daogh* 
ter of Sir Jofeph Mawbcy, bart. 

The Hon. Al^uftua Phippa, to Mils 
Maria Tlielluflbn, eldeft daughter of P^r 
ThellnlTon, efq. of Brockfworth'hall, oetx 

Joachim Jacobus Girfler, efq, of Dart* 
mouth. Vice Confnl for the State* of Hal* 
land, Hamburgh, dec. to Mils Higga, of 

(George JefFeries, efq. nefbeif tQ tho 
Lord Chancellor of Xxc4aiid| to Mifs La* ^ 



VDcne, da«ght«r of Peter Latoache» cfa. 

Opt. John Napier, of hit Majcfty** late 
tot ft reg. to Mi fa Margaret Cusoingham, of 
Balgownie sihI Bower-hoofe. 

The Rev. Mr. Tinlcy^ to Mifi Charlotta 
Fcltcia Watfoa, fccond daughter of Major 

Tb€ Rev. Robert Nkboll, D. D. Chap- 

lain to tbc Earl of BiitC^ i» Uhk Wooi* 
wards of Horflcy. 

At Newtos, GlanorgaBfliuet M«joV 
Brown, to Mra. Bernard. 

Tbc Rev. Tbomaa Braithwaite, D. IK 
Archdeacon of Richmond, and RcAor of 
Stepney, to Mt(a Cooke, daughter of th* 
late Otho Cooke, elq.o( Mancheftcr. 

MONTHLY OBITUARY for August 1792. 


AS « tribute to private worth, wc ar« 
defired to add to the account of Mra. 
Rachatl Barclay (p. 79-)» ^^^^ ^«^ reroatna 
were interred at Wiochmore Hill. She wat, 
laya our correfpondent, peculiarly epgagior 
ia her manncrt, quick in perception, found 
in judgment, anxtoua to know her dutiea, 
and firm in fulfilling them ; and ^t (o 
pofleffed with the milk of human kindnefa, 
that the woes of a numerous neig^boufhood 
were daily foftened by her lenient hsnd* 
She was a moft sealoos friend to the widow, 
mmd a foAering parent to the rifing gene- 

At Calcutta, Tboraat Henry Davle^ efq. 
the Company's AdvocaU General in the 
Sapreme Court of Judicature. 

Feb. 19. At the camp before Seringapa- 
tMBy Ma^or Scott, Commander ol a detuch- 
■leot of the Royal .Artillery. 

July ig« At Moreton, in Shropfhire, 
the Rev. Robert Clive, Archdeacon of 
Salop, Frvbeodary of Weftminfter, ReSor 
T Adderley, and Chaplain to Lord Scarf- 

Lately at Honfelife, in Luxemburgh, 
If. Horlach, a native of Rnifiai Author of 
m HiAory of the Reigns of the Ruflian Frio* 
cea from S6t, and a genealogical account of 
tht Imperial families of RuUia. 

Latrlyat Paris, the notorious Paul Jones, 

mi iJifanaous mefbory, atteoded to bis grave 

. hy a deputation of the National Aflcmbl]r> 

Thia di(^aceful fad, though true, vriil 
haidly be believed by poilcrity, as this 
wretch, a Scotchman by birth, could be 
«odidervd 2a no beuer light than a thief 
cndcnvoaring to avail himfelf af plunder 
while a hoafe was on fire. 

sB. Mr. Jofeph Clapp, a Lieutenant in 
the Royal liavy, and lauly in the Opono 
liiboo trade. 

Lauly the Rev. Mr. Pafchc, one of 
the Mmiftcrs of the German Ctiapel, St. 

Latdy Henry Flint, Efq. Alderman of 
I>erby. He (erved the office ot Mayor 
in a7t6. 

to. Mr. Edward Bond, brewer, of Golden 

SI. Major Stretch of the Marines, and 
of St. James's- fquare, Bath. 

Mra. Roddam, wife of Vice Admiial 
Roddam, and fitter tg ^ laie Sir |ieory 

Philip Crampton, efq. (enior aldermiB 
and father of the city of Dublin. 

Walter Hutchinfoo, efq. of North Chordly 
near Berkhampftead, HertfordOura. 

At Afbford-houfe, Shropftiirc, the rev, 
Jonathan Green, L. L. D« bean of BurfbrA 
and Re6ior of Caynharo* 

S3. Mr. Ifaac CoOart, head of the privita 
trade WarehouJe, in the fervice of the EaA* 
India Company. 

«4. At Enfield, the rev. John Ryland^' 
M. A. formerly Paftor of a ooogregaaoa of 
Baptilb at Northampton. 

The rev. Jofeph Davie, D. D. late FeUow a( 
Trinity CoMe^, Oxford, Redor of Charkoa^ 
Surry, and vicar of KnaveAock Eflejc. 

Lady Bemey, relid of Sir Uaafon Bca- 
ney,^bart. of Kirkby Common, Norfottu 

15. At Leiceiler, Mr. Charlts Rozsel, im 
his 38th yrar. 

Patrick Clarke, efq. of Holmes. 

sfi. Mrs. Sicdman, relid of Dr. Sted* 
9ian, Archdeacon of Norfolk, and Prebeiif 
dary of Canterhury, and daughter of Diw 
Butts, Biihop of Ely. 

Mrs. Anne Caveodifh, relid of Admifal-* 
Cavcndifh, and houfekeeper of the Excifh 
Office, Broad-flreeu 

Mr« firamhall, wholelale haberdaOier, 

At MottilTont, Hamplhire, aged 7s, the 
rev. Sir Char lea Mill, hart. 

Sir Lawrence Cox, late of the Rotatioft 
Office, Litchfield-fireet. 

Capt. Ti»dd, of the 33d reg. of foot, 

S7. In Crown Office-row* Inner Temple^* 
Samuel Salt, efq. one of the Benchers of 
that Society, and a Governor of the South 
Sea Company. 

The rev. Mr. Francis Newton, Diffentii^ 
Minii'er, of Milbome Port. 

William Tempeil Chrtilian, efq. at Livcf^ 

s8. At plapham Common, Emaoa^l 
Philip Bizr, e(q. 

D. C.'^Domf.rd, clq. late of the 16th r^. 
of loot« 

S9. Mr. William Tayler, GoUfmiUn 

At B^fingfloke, Thomas Harris, elq. life 
Commrrcial Refident in the fervice of the 
Eaft-Inciia Company at Cbittagong. R4 
c^me a paflfcnger on heard the Lord Cattt* 
den, and was on his road to London. 

Mf. J. Millard, Surgeon and Apothacary 
f^i. Portlca« 



L«cly Grant, of Dalvey, aged 75. 
. 30. At Oxford the rev. Francis Lloyd » 
11. A. 

I0 his 8tft year, Mr. Thomas Long, for. 
inerly an eminent cloihier^ and enc of the 
Aldermen of Saliibiiry. 

Mn. Irby, wife of the Hon. William 
Benry Irby. 

The rev. James Paw fey, redorof Stufton 
and Mellis, both in Suffolk. 

Augull t,* In Welbcck-ftreet, the rev. 
Thomas Hollingbuiy, D. D. F. R. S. 
'y. A. S. Chaplain in Ordinary to his Ma- 
jeftv. Archdeacon of Chichcfter, Chaplain 
to Dover CaHlt and the Cinque Pons, aod 
Rc£lor of Rottingdean. 

Dr. John Leake, Phyficisn to the Weft- 
ninfter Lying-ihn Hofpital, of which he 
was the founder, and author of feveral 
xnrdical publcations. 

Mr. Thomas Mnule, Steward of the So* 
ciety of Lincoln's- Inn. 

Simucl Walker, clq. Mafbrough near 

The Rev. John Baker, KcStor of Little 
Chifhall, in the county of EflTcx. 

a. Mrs. Mary Povniz, aged 74, Coufjn 
to the Couotefs Dowager Spencer, and niece 
of Stephen Poyntz* 

At Chippenham, Wills, in his28ih year, 
John Thorpe, of fiexley, in Kent, efq. 
A. M. F. A. S. and author of many AoU- 
^uariin works. 

At Barking, EflTcx, Jofcph Keeling, cCij. 

Jeremiah Smith, efq. of Great Fentbn 
aearNrwcaftlc, Siafford(hire. 

3. Mr. Samler/ Sugar Baker, of Clapham. 
Mr. Th«mas Mundy, Upholder, at Ox- 

At his feat at Cromford, in Derbyfhire, 
Sir Richard Arkwright, celebrated for the 
iotrodudion of the (pinning jennies in the 
cotton manufactory, by which he bad ac- 
^ quired an immenfe fortune. He is fatd to 
have been originally a barber at ManchciUr. 

Lately the rev. Mr. Shilleio, Vicar of 
Hcadon, near Retford, aged 73. 

Lately at Pontcfraff, Nicholas Torre, efq. 

4. John Burgoyne, efq. Cofonel of the 
4th rcg. of foot, a Lieut. Colonel m the 
army, M. P. for PreUon, and a Privy 
Councillor of Ireland. He was the author 
of lour dramatic pieces, befidcs a number 
of prul(»gues and epilogues. He i$ faid to 
have been a natural fon of Loid Biogley's. 
On the i3ih he was interred in the cloifters 
in Wellminftcr Abbey in a private manner, 
being attended only by one coach. 

Lately the rev. Mr. Hofkins, Re£lor of 
Much Dcwchurch and Birch, and youngefl 
fon o* Str Hungcrlord Hofkins. 

^. At Greenock, m the 74ih year of his 
age, Dr. John Adam, Miniftcr of that place 
4a years. 

At Holbrook, Somerfet, Edward Phelips^ 
•fq. M. P. for lEat County. t 

The Right Hon. Frederic North, Ear! 6t 
Guildford, Lord North, Lord Warden and 
Admiral of the Cinque Ports, Governor of 
Dover Caflle, Lord Lieut, and Cuftos Ro- 
tulorum of Somerfetlhire, and Ch^ccllor o£ 

Thomas Allen, efq. ^urr-ftreet. 

6. At Yatton Court, Hcrefordfhire, in 
his &7th year, Joho Woodhoufe, efq. late 
one of the Direaor»of the Eaft India Com* 

Captain Henry Ball, of the Royal Navy* 
At Batton Hall, aged 70, Mri. Corbett^ 
fifler to the late Baron PerrotU 

7. Mifs Fuller, at Bromley. 
Mr. Swan, head Coachmaa to hb Ma* 

In the Fleet prifon, 10 hit 56th year» 
Robert Paris Taylor, efq. Deputy Pay* 
mafler during the feven years German war 
under the late Lord Holland, and after%irarda 
member for Berwick upon Tweed. 

John Whiteway, efo^ Colledor of the 
Cufloms of the Port of mtfmouth. 

8. At Norwich, in bi^ 76tb year, Robert 
packe, M. D. 

Mr. John Ward, Ham Merchant, BifbopfU 

Lately at Sid mouth, Capt. Strode^ for« 
merly of the Guards. 

9. Mr. Robert Corrie, o£ Weiliagbo« 

Lately in hit road to Geaeta, Lieut. CoK 
Fraacr, late of the Engineers. 

10. At Toddington Park, Gloocefler* 
(hire, in his 74tb year, the Right Hon* 
Thomu Cbarlet Leigh, Lord Vircouoc 

11. AtHowK^teh, near Brentwood, m 
EfTcx, in hit 83d year, John Willan, efq, 
many years a contra^or with Government. 

Mr. Sufford, Printer, Pipe-lane, Brtfiol. 

In Park>place, Knightfbiidge, in hit 73d 
year, Jamet Lewit, efq. late of the 39111 
xcg. of foot. 

Lately at Harbledon, Haott, Williaia 
Haverkam, efq. who returned from Bengal 
in 1786. 

14. At the Palace, Exeter, Dr. John 
Rofs, Bifhop and Archdeacon of Exeter, 
Vicar of Froome in Somerfetfhire, ami 
F. R. S. He was of Su John's College, 
Cambridge, where he took the degree of 
B. A. 1740, M. A. 1744, S. T. B. 1751, 
5. T. P. 1756. In 1746 he publifhed a 
pamphlet in defence of Dr. Middletoo 
agamfl the ciiticifmt of Mr. MarkUntl } 
and in I749t an edition of Cicero 'tEpiflQlsa 
ad Familiaret, a Vols. 8vo. He was oomt* 
Dated Bifhop of Exeter in 1778. 

15. At Bill Hill, near Wokingham^ 
Berks, the Hight Hon. LevHbn Ck>wert 
half brother to the Marquis of Suffbrd^ 
Rear Admiral of the White, and Member 
for Newcaftla-under-line* 

Jigitizedby LjOOQ IC 


European Magazine, 

For SEPTEMBER 1792. 

fEmhdlHhod witb^ x', A Pot ti ait of Anjcajistiiom9 tbe SwedUh Regiciie^ Ad4 
1. A View of CuxcutSTSR Caosi. 


UiiMtes refptMig tbe^Swdltfli Coofpi- 

morr, cakeo at ths Palace of Drott- 

oiogliolm, Aug. 15, i79», 171 

Ao codom of tfte King, 174. 

ExmAsukeo from Dr. Franktin^s Will, ibid. 
IMcnpcioo of Cbifthefter Crofs, 176 

QtiffBM Letter from Dr. RaOcliffe to tho 

£ad of IXmbigh, written aficr the do- 

cealo of <^>em AnnC| ibi^. 

Wmbm AnecdoMof John HendcrfoBy 

B.A. ^^ 177 

Draffiaoa, No. XXtVh Anecdotes of 41- 

loArioos and estraordioary PoribiiSi 

[coQCknied] 178 

Mifrdboeous Scrape of Lkeracure, By 

chebcoDr. JomriN, 180 

Addtoonal Accooot of the latt Rev. Mr. 

•Badoocky 182 

CUodioo. A Swi€i Tale. From the 

French of M.deFloriaa [condndU], 184 
Accooot of fomo New PKcoveries io the 

loterior P^nts of Africa, 1 38 

London Review, with Anecdotes of Authors. 
Sir Thomas More. A Tragedy. 190 

Poeme j cbicfty by Gentlemen of Dereo- 

fliireand Cornwall [ooodadedjy 193 
Bofweirs Lifeof Samuel Johnfon, LL.D. 

[oanctaoed], 196 

SooMrville'ft Ififtorf of Pdkical Tranf. 
' aAaoos and of Parties^ horn tbe Refto. 

ration of King Charles the Second to 

the Death of King WiHiam [coo- 

taooedjy X98 

Forreft!! Voyage from Calcutta to tbe 

Mergui AnMpelago, lyiog on the E aft 

Side of the Bay of Bengal [continued], 202 
Tapretl'a Lefluret on the Lnrd*s Prayer, xq6 
Memoirs of tbe LiMmry and Philofopbical 

Society of Manchefter, VoL III. 

[coDthmed], ibid. 

nJi^^Htb nioftrated. By John Ireland, 209 


Rabaud t!c S^int Etienne's HiAoryof tbe 
Revolution of Franceti 2 1 & 

Ad Account of James Q^in [concluded], 213 

Mr. Prefton Horaby *s Recipe for DeAroy- 
ing BugSi 217 

Stace Pipers rcfpcding the French Revo- 
lution, and including Concife Expofi* 
tion of the Reafons which have deter- 
mined his Majefty The King of Pruflia 
to take up Arroi againtt France ; De- 
claration addrciled by the Duke of 
Bi uofwicktothelnhabttantsof Francei 
Letter from the French King on tbe 
Publication of the Declaration ; Mani- 
fiefto of the Emperor and the King of 
Proflia agajnft the French Revolution 1 
Copy of a Letter written to Earl Gower 
by Mr. Dundaf, with the Note io An* 
fwer to that Communication by M. Le 
Bmn, &c. ttc ait 

Diflertation on the Country Stagey X3n 

Theatrical Journal : including Prokfoe 
and Epilogue to CroTs Partners ; Plan 
and Charader of the Family Coropafi 1 
Opening of the Theatres, 3cc. lee. 131 

Poetry 3 indoding, Lines on tbe Death 
of. a favourite Goldfinch, by tbe late 
Mr. J. Henderfon ; The Divifion of 
Timoy a Rhapfody, written in 1784, 
Song of a Spirit. [From Mrs Rad- 
clitfe's " Romance of the Foreft.''] 
Lines addieffed to a Tobng Gentleman, 
by Mifs Seward ; Sonnet, by the late 
N. Cotton, M. D. 135 

Forei|^ Intelligence : including, the Pro- 
ceedings of the National Afferobly in 
France daring the Month, and the 
dreadful Ontrages btely committed ii 
the Cicy t>r Paris, ^jf 

Monthly Chronicle. 
1 PromocionSy MarriageS| Obitiaryt lie. 

Printed for J. S E W E L L,- ComKiHi 
wad J. DE BRETT, Piccadil^. 

[(CntntD at ^tationrw^ll^aUJ Digitized by Google 

NarrMtivi rf Mr, Rujfeltt Jommtyffm Oihrahar f Saiitif tfc ftwll app« iB OUT n«« % 

U alio, 

The Pbtmmata 0/ Natifral Eltarkity •iftrveJ ky tht jf»tlem$s. 

The ^Mry by a Conftanr Reader, (ha\\ tiave a place as fooa ai poflible. 

The Conimoaicatioo by TbihitgMS if too loog, and in other reipeas not fuitable /or oar 

The Hints by ^fWra/^Vy f and Cri^oare aeknow]ed{;ed withlhankf^ and flMaibe atten ded to > 

The Remarks figned Z. >*. C. are improper for this Magazioe. Irony is a deliote weapoo» 
which requires to be handled writh great addrcfs, if it is 10 be produftive of nu^ efle^. 
The writer does not appear to be perfeaiy mafler of that weapon. 


. 8, to Sepu 


» 1 


Wheatl Ry 

e BarLtOatsiBeans ji 

COUNTIES upon the CO AST* 

s. < 

]. s. 

i. 8. d.js. 

d. s. d. 

Wheat Rye Bari. Gets Bcaoe 

London 5 


7 3 


M3 9 


s >U 


J'* 41 ^ 



5 «>t 


»> 43 5 

Middlefex 5 




V " 1 


4 10 



11,1 103 7 

Surry 5 






4 II 



411 II S 10 

Hertford 5 




5;3 II j 


4 9 



o|x 14 -3 

B.'dford 5 




5,3 «o 


$ »o 

2 64 9 

Cambridge 4 




0,3 7 

Nortbumberl4 9't 



2 30 

Huntingdon 4 





M3 7 , 


5 io|4 



* 30 • 

Northampton 5 




5 3 10 ' 


5 io!4 



2 40 « 

Rutland 5 




'r • ' 


5 ^,« 


» 4 3 l« 

Letcefter 5 




74 « . 


5 5io 


2 60 

Nottingham iS 





74 5 


5 iO|«> 

40 00 

Derby 6 




94 8 


5 90 

1 10:3 10 

fiuterd 5 





* 5 ; 


S "i" 

Si 90 

Salop $ 


9 + 



4 4 


5 So 

8 z 00 <» 

Hereford 5 






3 10 


I >o 

52 44 ^ 

Worcpfter ^ 





10,4 « i 


5 80 

82 43 II 

Warwiclc 6 



10 X 

94 8 


5 *o 

e.o 00 

Gloucefter 6 




^1+ J 


i >!3 


»* 53 7 

Wilts 6 




11:4 8 


Berks ^ 


7 3 


714 a i 


Oxford 6 



r z 


North Wal« 

'5 fii4 


4ll ii|4 1 

Bucks 3 



73 »o , 

SouUi Wales 

5 »» 



9U S|o • 


BaroHetkr. Th«Rmom. Wind. 

a8— 19 — 90 — 63 "- ^* N* ^* 
29<— 30 — 09 ■ ■ ■ 6i — E. 

30— »9 — 87 ^4 -^ ^* 

31—29 — 97 " ^3 — - ^' ^* 


1—29 — 80 — 

2—29 — 73 — 
3^29 — 53 — 

4— 29 -r 75 

5—29 — 76 

6 — 30—09 — 

7*^0 — 06 — 

8—2^ — 90 — 

9 - 29— 82 — 
10—29 — 65 — 
11—29 — 79 — 
12—29 — 97 — 
,3^19 -.55-^ 


J 5—30 — 01 — 
i*-*9'— I7 

17— »9 — 76- 
x8 — 29 T- 74 - 

19—29 — 80 . 

66 — 

S. S. E. 

60 — 

S. w, 

62 — 


61 — 



64 — 
62 — 





s. w. 

55 — 
57 — 
53 — 





49 — 

^« N« W, 

51 — 


.50 — 

•54 — 
-61 — 


•Jl — 

.49 — 

.52 -^ 

^ W. 

S. w» 




s. w. 


20-r29 — 45 — 
%i — 29 ■*- 28 — 

22-29 — 05 — 

^3—19 — 48 — 

»4— "9 — 53 — 

45—29 — 35 — — 53 — N. W. 
"P R ICL ot &TOCRS, 
September a5« 179*' 
Back Stock, — — > '.India Booda, ao6s. a 
lperCent.Anj1.i785,; 1075. prem. 

117} I jSouth Sea Stockt -««- 

New 4 per Cent. —I Old S. S. Aon. — 
3 per Cent. red. — ' New S. S. Aon. 90 | 
9 per Cent, Coaf. 90^3 per Cent. 1 751 1 90^ 

3 per Cent. 1726, —. 
Long Ann. ■ 
Do. St. 1778,-^ 
Ii^lia Stock. 209 

New Navy and Vid. 

BUU, — 
Exchequer BilU 9s* pr. 

Zriik ditto -«« 

Jigitized by 



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LUi\4?Aiati t^/Tlaaazin^A 



zed by Google 





For SEPTEMBER 1792^ 



'pHE Poitrait of this dariog aflaffin we 
have htea favoured with hy the fame 
Gend^man firom whom we received the 
AcGoanc of the CoDfpiracy in our laft. As 
a codclufion to that Acoounty we infcrt 



KIMOBOLM, AUOCTSt 151 tj^t, 


His Royal Highnefs the Duke of 


AFTER the Expedition of Juftice had 
bean gnuaouily admitted, two Copies of 
Minutes of the 4th inftaot were read ; 
•fiter which the Secretary pf R«vifion> 
Iferhielm, delivered 

The different complaints and petitions 
for pardon, which had been fubmiffively 
conveyed to Hia M^edy, b^ the perfons 
who were accttfed of panicipation and 
fore-knowledge of the horrid aflaflination 
of his late Mofi Sacred Majefty Guftavus 
the Third i alfo for negle£ling to dilcover 
whatever had any connexion with it, and 
had come to their knpwiedgc i namely, 
the former Chamberlain and Major Count 
^MS FccdcricfaB Homy and the Ca^in 

Count Adolf Lndvig Ribbing, fentenced 
by the Warrant of the bwedifli Court of 
King's Bench (Svea Hof Raft) to have 
forfeited their Nobility, to be declared 
infamous, to lofe their right hands, and 
to be beheaded and quartered i the for« 
mer Lieutenant- Colonel , Carl Pontus Lii- 
jehorn, and the former Lieutenant and 
Baron Carl Frederic Khrensvard, to lofe 
their Nobility, and Liljenhom his Knight* 
hood i aifo both condemned to be de* 
dared infemoup, their eftates confircated, 
and to be beheaded s the former Coun- 
fellor of Chancery, and Knight of the 
Pohir Star, Jacob Von £ngerltrom, to 
lofe his Nobility, Knighthood, and Poilt 
and to be confined in (bme CaCtle during 
the remainder of his lifet the former 
Major Chriftopher Von Hartroanfdorff 
to lofe his Migority, and be confined one 
year in a CaHle : the Secretary of Proto* 
coli Johan Von £nger^om, to be dif« 
charged from the ferviceof the King and 
Nation. The Court of King's Bench 
hns^not been able to adjudge the Juftioe 
of Peace Nordell, guilty : with refpeA 
to Major- General Pechlin, his caw if 
referred to futurity, if it can be difco- 
vered, and he to be fent to the Caftle of 
Marfirand, to be detained prifoncr there» 
and exhorted by the clei;gy to an open 

BurgonufUr Fageritrom (the Cqfunfei' 
for the Profecution) has preferred a com- 
plaint as to what concerns Secretary Von 
Kngcrftrom and Juftice Nordell i and with 
refpe t to the former Counts Horn and 
Ribbing) the former Lieutenant-Colonel 
Liljenhom, and the former Lieutenant 
Baron Ehrcnsvard ; the Supreme Court 
of Juftict har fubaui&Vfly advifed that 



the fcntcncc of the CoOrt»f King's Bench 
(Svea Hof Ratt) • may> as grounded in 
lawy be approved $ neither can the Su* 
preme Court, in fo atrocious a crimcf ad* 
rife any favour to be (hewn Horn, Rib* 
biii|;, and Liljehomi but at to Ehrens* 
rardi the Supreme Court fubraits, whe- 
ther he may not receive fome mercy. 

Concerning the former Counfellor of 
Chancery Von Engtrftrom, the Supreme 
Court has fubmiflfiTely advifed* that the 
fentencc of the Court of King's Bench 
may be approved as follows^ that he may 
be deprived of his Vod^ and confined 
three years in fome cafHe, leavine it to 
His Majefty whether any more ni^mtrt 
with refpe6i to him, can take place* 

The Supreme Court has alfo humbly 
fubmiited, whether Major Von Hart- 
manfdorff may receive feme favour*, it 
alfo humbly advifes, that Secretary Von 
Engeftromi in coafeqiience of his alleged 
complaint) may gain that alccraciou in 
the featenccof the Court of King's Bencht 
fo that he may be fufpendcd fiom his 
poft of Secretary of Protocol!) its (alary 
and advantages, for one year, by which 
the complaint of the Counfcl for the 
Profccution will drop \ nor has the Su* 
preme Court found that 'the Counfel for 
the Profecution has adduced reafons fuf- 
icicnt to caufe any alteration in the fen- 
tencc of the Court of Kipg's Bench ref- 
pc6\ing NoNiell i — but the reparation 
which Nordell requires, and the amends 
which Secretary Engerftrom urges from 
fhe Counfel for the Profecution, or his 
iuM;:i)er of writing againft him* the Su- 
prennie Court has not found nccelTary 
fluNild take place. Finally, the Supreme 
Court humbly advife the approbation of 
the fentehce of the Court of King's Bench> 
rcfpeding Major General Pecblin ; but 
refers it to mercy to fave him from con** 
finement in a cafile, and fuffer him to 
lefide either at his houTe in Stockholm i 
or at his country-ieat i and with rcr|>e6l 
to the improper manner of writing ufed 
^r the Counfel againft Pechlin, the Su- 
preme Court humbly adviies^ that he' 
ttiay be properly reprimanded for it by 
the College of the Chancellor of Juftice. 

His Royal Highnefs the Duke Regent 
ivai then gracioufty pleafed to exprefs 
himfetf as follows : 

<* As every thing v^hich the Law dic- 
tates has now been pun^ualiy followed, 
and no advantage which the Law allows 
has been withheld from the delinquents t 
»\\o the Swcdi(h Court of King's Bench 
(Svea* Hof Ratt), and the Supren)e Court 
f f Juftice having given in tl^ir final 

opinions refpefVing the petitions and fub* 
mi(Bve complaints of the accufed for the 
unhappy capital crime now before ut, tc 
only remains that we now finally declars 
our refolution and graci(]uswtlU At the 
revival of all the bitter and Corroding 
fenfations which naturally at this time 
flow through and torment our hearts 
when I he memory of a refpe£led King 
and beloved Brother is united with a^ 
fli£tion for the unhappy miid m*(t tra- 
gical manner in which he was taken from 
us; we have howevery conformable to 
our fad duty, let every thing be laid be- 
fore us which has pafled in this black 
affair, and which the records fo amplf 

** We find from thence, not without 
the greattft emotion, an unheard-of con- 
fpiracy againft thelife of a refpefled Kingy 
refolved on and executed in the moft 
cruel manner, at which nature and hu- 
manity (hudder, and which we moft af* 
fu redly never expelled to have feen in 
Sweden. This blot (not on the Nation^ 
from the eaiiieft times knosi^ and re^ 
marked for loyalty and honour, bmohiT) 
' pn a fmall number of aimiuals, mtift be 
wa(hed oig and expiated by the rigour of 
the Law; and it is that charge whidi k 
is enjoined us to fulfil. Our hearts iha- 
ken and agiutcd by the moft painfiil re« 
cn4Ic£lions, feels all the hocror anddifgiift 
with which iuch a criine is fo naturally 
attended ; but th^fe fcnfations^ although 
fufficient for our agony* are at the fame 
time not the only ones which at preient 
difturb and M\6\. u$. An attention, te 
fonvard and bring fuch atrocious crimi- 
nals to the utmoft limits of the rigour of 
the Law (which we, in this mftance* 
would not in the leaft fuffer ourfclf to 
mitigate) iniift, ftill more to increafe 
our affliftiont in 'us' be united with the 
performance of the moft iacred promi{es» 
and the laft requefts and comQiands of a 
dying Brother and King; , 

" The time is now come, whfen the fate 
of thtfe unfortunate perfons muft be de- 
cided and made known» who already by 
the nature of their crime are more un- 
happy than they could ever be by fuf» 
fering all poifible well-deferved puniih- 
mtnt. The La^v has paflcd fentence oi^ 
than> and we are within ourfelf fblly con- 
vinced that the axe which is fufpendcd 
over their heads, would be for them, in 
their deteftable lituation, the greateft and 
beft of mercies. Our confirmation of thil 
ientence (hould therefore this inftant ap- 
peafe all the rigour of jiTftioe s but hem 
wa lue rtftraincd by the moft important 




•Ad'cflediial t^fi>Bt9 which wct for our 
f»wtt ikkef and for pofterttyi will har« 
peauaed in the Minutes of thk Sitting* 

" A» we, at the d<uuh-bed of His Tate 
Ma)efty» one of the laft days of his life» 
dtfcourfed wfdi him about his late mif- 
fbrtunei and of the important confer 
quences ari^ng from it, His Majeftyt 
whoie tender heart was alc«ays ready to 
j^rdon, was plesftd to declare, that the 
idea* of ths' weH^elcrved pimiihnient 
which await<)d - thofe concerned in the 
crime affli6^ed him very much^ nay, 
more than his own pains $ adding, that 
he could get no eafe from thefe toraient • 
log imaginations^ till we had promifed 
andTworntO him, by our fraternal lore 
and princely honour, that in cafe of his 
death we wonWl iufer this his laft requeft 
to avail* to fave the lives ef theie unfor* 
tunate fubje^s who had been (b forgetful 
cf their attegiance. Moved even to tea«a 
by fo generous a care, f ventured, never- 
thelefs, to repreient to him, that neither 
the law of God nor Man would admit or 
faSer . that (b atroeipus a crime (houid 
efcape a well merited capital punifliment; 
and that the honour of tbeSwediih name, 
as well as the public fafety, abfolutely 
sequired it. His latd Majefty, greatly 
aioved by thefe well-meant reprefenta- 
tions, declared with pain, that if the 
rigorous law of retaliation required blood 
for blood » and his interceffion, who xv7i% 
the perfon moft concemed,^ was not fufE- 
cientt and confequently that criminal who 
had been unfortunate enough to lay via* 
Wnt hands oo his Perfon could not poifi* 
hly be fpared from death, he then inftfied* 
that his death Ihould be the only one 
which his own ihould occafion; giving 
their lives to a!l the others who were ac- 
cused or concerned of participating in this 
crime, without regard to their number, 
which at that time it had not been poiBble 
to difi:over, or pofitivety know* His 
^jefty added finaily» that this wa^ not 
only his lalt requei^ to me as a Brother, 
but his commands at a King 5 for his 
power to pardon as long as be lived, could 
neither vanilh, nor could be be deprived 
of it ; requirinff at the fame time fibm 
roe the rootf lacrcd promifes and alTu- 
rances, which I neither could or ought 
any longer to rcfufe him. This remark* 
able and aflcfline converfation, which 
places the^ generohty and heart of Guf- 
cavus theThsrd in the mod advantageous 
light, and etcroallzeshis memory even 
roore than the Victory of Svcnkfund, it 
the foundation on which our Graciouf 
|l«iblt/ti#fi a ad Will is t<» b^ laid. As a 

ChrNlian, as a tubfeA, as a Brother, a^ 
a Man, we nehher tstn nor ou^t to re- 
cede fr«)ln the laft commands of a dyin^ 
M<)narch.-^He had full privilege to grant 
pardon in hit own aflair. His will waa 
our law when he was in this world, and 
bis Brother fliall not be ftained with th6 
reproach that he deceived him in death. ^ 

** We dectane therefore, and only id 
conlequence of the reafons juft given* 
that die well- merited capital puntfhment 
to which the former Counts. Claes FVe* 
dricfon Horn, and Adolf Ludvig Itib* 
bing, Lieut. Col. Pontus Liljehohi, and 
Baron Carl Frederic Ehrenfvard, hav^ 
been condemned by the Swedifh Court 
of King's Bench (Svea Hof Katt), ffiaU 
be changed into baniihmcnt for life, with 
the lofs of their Nobility, and all otlier 
privileges as Citizens, letting them im.- 
ntediately he elcorted out of the limits 
of an injured Native Country, without 
the lead hope of ever l)eing fuflfered to 
return to it; forbidding them, at the lame 
time, on pain of the death thet hav6 now 
eicaped, to daiie to make any kind of pe- 
tition for it I we leave to repentante and 
their awalcened oonfcienoes the charg6 
of their farther puniihment, convinced 
that fuch corroding reproaclies and guilty 
lives will be for them a far heavier bur* 
then than death itfelf. We haften al<b 
to let them immediately be baniflied, that 
if it is poflible the remembrance of fm 
unheard-of an a£l may by that means be 
effaced, and which, by their detention ii^ 
caftles within the kingdom, would con- 
flantly with new affli^ion revu-e th^ 
memory of a misfortune, which, wrhotit 
any addition, is of itfelf fufficiently heart- 
breaking—Let thefe criminals tlierefme, 
immediately, and forever, withdraw from' 
the confines of Sweden, whole peace and 
happinefs they have deflroyed ; and, to 
complete the meafure of their crimes, let 
them he informed, that it was the iCin^^ 
againd whofe life they dared couij>ire, 
who dying has beftowed'to them and 
returned their own. 

** With refpe£^ to the others s^hp are 
accufed of this treafon j becaufe we, itt 
confeouence of His late Mod Sacred 
Majelty's abovementioncd laft will and 
commands, art not entitled to mitigate 
the rigour of their fentence ? neither chu 
we in a cafe of this nature permit our- 
(elf to follow the innate bias of onr 
heart for clemency aud mercy, but for 
this realbn confifm hereby the hnal feri« 
tence of the Supreme Court which has 
been juft read, in confequenc: of which 
th^ Caunicllor of Chancery Von ErUr 



gcrftrom is deprived af hit podi and to 
DC confined for three years { Major 
Hartmanrdorff is alfo to lofe his commiC- 
fioa and be confined for one year i the 
Koyal Secretary Von EngeHlrom to be 
fufpended from his pott in die College 
of Chancery for one year^ and Major 
€kncral Baron Pechlin to be imprii'oned 
during jplcafu re* till he is brought to coh- 
fiefs. But the Juftice of Peace NordelU 
according to the fentences both of the 
Coun of King's Bench and Supreme 
Court* is entirely acquitted.** 

His Royal Higbnefs was at the fame 
time graciouily pleafed to order that the 
former Counfcllor of Chancery Jacob 
Von Engerilrom ihould be «:onfiiKd ia 
the Caftie of Waxholm } the late M^or 
Chriftophcr Von Hartmanfdorff in th« 
Caftle of Malmo i and Major- General 
Pechlin in the Caftle of Warberg. 

After cheftf Minutes had been read for 
their adjuibncntf the Expedition of Juf- 
ticc received graciou< oermiifion to retire 
' Infidem Protocol ii, 

N. JaN8S0N« 

Fried. Sparrb, Lord 

Ui^h Chancellor, 
C A. Reutehholm, 


Carl« Ulnek* 


Lord High Scewaidf 
A. p. KURKt 
At the bottom I 
was (igned^ ) 

Let this be expeditedi Drottninfi* 
holmes Palace, tjth Auguft i79s« 
during my Mod Gra^ous King 4od 
Mafter^t Minorit/i 



To the E 

AS any diverting anecdote relating to 
a reigning Sovereign, efpecially (uch 
a one as at prefent fills the throne of Bri- 
tain, feldom fails to pleafe his faithful 
fiibje^ and even to rivet their attach- 
ment to him, it is a pity that it ihould be 
fo little attended to. My chief defign, 
by thefe few jines, is to (limulate fuch as 
b^ve materials, which would tend to 
make us better acquainted with the exem- 
plary goodnefs of difpofition and eafy 
Oeportment of his prefent Majefty, to 
comihunicate them to the public* With 
this view 1 fend the following ones which 
bave come to my knowledge, viz. 

One day that the late duke of Monta- 
gae atteiided the levee, for the firft time 
after a vifit to his daughter's family in 
Dalkeith-houfe, his KUjefty, after the 
u(uai compliments, ice inquired of the 
duke after the health of his grand chil- 
dren* His grace, thanking his Majefty, 
told him they were all well and making 
a meal of oatmeal^fotiage every day. 
His Majefty alked it they got good oat- 
ami* The duke told him that they had 

EXTRACTS fiom Dr. 

T WAS bom in Bofton, New England, 
^ and owe my firft in(lru£lions in litera- 
ture to the free grammar fchools e(bbli(h- 
ad there. I have therefore conlidered 
thofe fchools in my will. 

But I am alfo under obligations to the 
^tate of Maflachufetts, *for having, un- 
aikedt appointed me forma ly their agent 


jt excelletn from a Mr. Jamea Mutter in 
Middle Mills, near Lafwade, upon which 
his Majefty defired the duke to commii^ 
fion fome for him ; and I believe the 
royal famtlv are fupptied with that ar- 
ticle from the fame mills. 

When the lady of Sir John Clerk of 
Pcnnycuick was prefented to the King 
after her marriage with Sir John, the 
King faid to her, that ihe was become 
miftrefs of a beautiful eftate. Her lady- 
ship begged to know how his Majefty ' 
knew that \ whereupon his Majefty began 
at the fource of the river £(k, and toM 
the fituation and appearance of every 
villa during its courfe, to her ladylhip's 
no fmall furprize. He made rery perti- 
nent remarks, mentioning how fuch and 
fuch eftates could be improved. 

As the counted of Elgin was at court 
one dav, his Majefty came up to her and 
faidf '^ My lady» a've gotten a letter frae 
your fon the day* and he's brawly.** 

I underftand his Majeftv takes pleafure 
in imiuting the Scotch dialed. 



in England with a handfome (klaryr 
which continued fome years i and ai* 
though I accidentally loft m their (tryictp 
by tranfroitting governor Hutchinfon*« 
letters, much more than the amotint of 
what they gave me, I do not think that 
ought in the kaft to diminilh my grati* 
xqSr. I haYo.^gsnik^rcithatgwnj ar« 



ti£ta$, good apprentices aif mpft likely to 
make go^l citizens : and having m>leif 
b^en wed to a manual an^ |>rinting, in 
my native town, and atterwanis aililUd to 
^t up my bulinefs in Philaddpbia, by 
kind loans of money from two friends 
therty which was the foundation of niy 
fortune, and of all the uulity in Hfo that 
may be alcribed to me — 1 wiih to be ufcful 
fven aher my deaih, it potfibley in form- 
ing and advancing other young men^ that 
may be ^rviceable to their country in both 
thole towns. 

To this end I devote two thoufand 
pounds llerling, which I give, one thou- 
&nd theieof to the inhaoitants of the 
town of Bofton, in Ma(Iachufetts> and 
the oth^r ibouiand to the inhabitants of 
the city of Philadelphia, in truli to and 
for tiie oies, inients, and purpofes herein* 
lUter mentioned and dtcianed. 

The faid fum of one tlioufand pounds 
ficriing, if accepted by the inhabitants of 
the town of Bolton, flull be managed 
under thedii-eftion of the lele^ men, liniced 
^th the minifters of the oldeft epilcopa* 
)ian, congregational, and prelo>terian 
Quiches in that town, who are to let out 
the fame upon interelt at ^7t per cent, 
pei* annum^ to fuch young married ar- 
iificerb^ under the age of twemy five 
yeais, as have ferved an apprentioelhip in 
the laid towi), ^nd faithfully ful^Ued the 
duties re<|uired in their inuencures, fo as 
to obtain a good moral cbara^^er fiom at 
lealt two relpedable citizens, who ai-e 
willing to become their Imeties in a bond 
with ihc appncants for the repayment of 
the monies fo lent, with intereft, accord- 
ing to the terms herein aher prefchbed, 
aU which bond* are to be taken for Spa- 
pifii milled dollars, or the value thereof 
ID current gold coin : And the manager 
ihatl keep a bound book or books, where. 
in (hall be entered the names of thole who 
ihall apply for> and receive the benefit of 
thb inttttution, and of their fureties, 
together with the fums lent, the dates and 
other necefTary and proper records, lef- 
pe£Ung the butineis and concerns of this 
mftituiion : /Ind as thel'e loan^ aie in- 
tended to ailift young married ariiScers in 
letting Qp their bulinefs, they are to be 
proportioned by the difcretion of the ma- 
nagers, ib as not to exceed fixty pounds 
flerling to one perfon, nor to be leis than 
(f^een pounds. 

And if the number of applyers fo en- 
4itkd| ihonld be fo large as that the fum 
will iMt iuffice to afford to each as much 
as m^g^ otberwife not be improper, the 
prapof tion 10 each flia|l be dtminiihed, fo as 
to iflM to tvtrj ott Ibme ailUlance* 

Thefe aids niay» ' therefore^ be fmall at 
^rft, but as the capital increales by thr 
accumulating iniereft thev will be more 
ample. And in order to ierve as ntany at 
poiiible in their turn, as wtll as to make 
the repayment of the principal borrowed 
moiT ealy, each borrower Hull be obliged 
to pay with the yearly Interefl, one tentb 
part of the principal j which fums of 
principal and interelt fo pslid in, fliall bg 
again let out to frefh borrowers. And as 
it is prefumed, that there will be always 
found in Bofton virtuous and benevolent 
citizens willing to bellow a part of their 
time in doing good to the riling genera- * 
tion, by fuperintending and managing 
this infUtution gratis, it is hoped, that no 
part of the money will at any time lie ' 
deady or be diverted lo other purpofes, 
but be continually augmented by th< 
interelt, in which cafe there may in time 
be more than the occalion in Bolton fliall 
require j and then fome may be fpread to 
the neighbouring or other towns in the 
&id State of Maifachufetts which may 
defirc to have it, fuch towns engaging to 
pay punctually the intereft and the pro* 
|>onions of the princt;*\l annually to the 
inhabitants of the town of Bolton. If 
this plan is executed and fucceeds as pro-, 
jefted, without interruption for one hun- 
di'ed years, the fum will then be one Imn* 
dred and thirty-one thoufand pounds, of 
which 1 would have the managers of the 
donation to the town of Bofton then lay 
out at their difcretion one hundred thou* 
fand pounds in pubHc works which may- 
be judged of molt general utility to 
the inhabitants : fuch as forufications, 
bridges, aquedufts, public buildings, 
baths, pavements, or whatever may make 
living in the town more convenient to ita 
people, and render it more agreekbk to 
Itrangers rcforting thither for health or a 
teinporaiy relidencc. The remaining 
thiny- one thoufand pounds I would have 
continued to be let out on intereft in tlic 
manner above direfted, for another bun* 
dnal years, as I hope it will have been 
found that the inftimtion has had a good 
effctt on tlie comluft of youth, and been 
of lei*vlce to many worthy characters and 
uleful chizens. At the end of this fccond 
term, if no unfortunate accident has pre* 
vented the operation, the fum will be 
four millions and fixty-one thouland 
pounds iterling 9 of which I leave 
one million and fixty-one thoufand 
4>ounds to the difpoiition and manage* 
ment of the inliabitants of the town of 
Bolton, and three milliont to the cCfpo* 
iition of the Government of t|ie State^ j 
not prefuming to carry my viewii futher. 




^n]$ piece of antiquity ftaodt in the 
■ centre of the city of Chichefter j and, 
fceing greatly impaired by age, was reflored, 
according to the original workmanftilp, at 
the expence of the late Duke of Richmond, 
By HcyKm and Martin, it it fjid to have been 
kutlf by Robert Reade, the 46th Bifhop of 
rhichcfter, from 139^ to 1417. Otl>er 
^rltcrs» however, give the merit of it to 
Idwjril Story, the f^tb Bifllop, from 1475 
•o 1504 } and with them agree* the Infci ip- 
ttoD placed upon it. For beauty and mag« 
luicence, it is equal , if not fopcrior, to any 
1h>tiding of the like kind in England ; and 
that the city might not be at any cbaige 
with it, he left an eftate at Amberley, worth 
7 ^. per annum, to keep it in condant repair. 
J hi$ elta^, however, is faid to have been 


fold by the Mayor and Corporation, in order 
to porchaft another of the iaote valae near 

The fbllowing Infcriptkm is of) the WeC- 
tem From : 

This beautiful Crofs - 

was ereded by Bifhop 

Story, who was adranced 

to that dignity by Edward iV« 


Was firft repaired in the 

reign of Charles IL 
and again in George II. 

TI»o. Wall, Mayor, ' 
at the expence of Chas. LenoK* 
Duke of Richmond. • 


I here fend you a tranfcript of what I reckon a rer^ valuable literary cunodty. It U 
a Letter from Dr. Jo\iti RADtKiFFE, PhyfTcian to Queen Anne, written to tb* 
Earl of Dbkbigh after the dcceafc of her Majcfty, I mu(l premife* that snony* 
mons threat^ of af&dination from many loyalifts, on account of his. fuppoied i^gltQ 
of the Queen itf^jer Jail moments, had lowered his fpirits to fuch a degree, that to 
them, and them pnly, many of his friends attributed the Do£Vor*8 okatby whicli 

• illmoft immediately tnfued. The prcfent Letter i% dated i |th Oftober 17 14, and 
|l^e wiitfa dietf ift Norembev <Jjc £imfi year. Jai4E9 RoBIK&on. 

(L E T T E R.) 
Car/baUpfif i$thOB* X7i4* 


»T*H1S being the laft tinje that, in all 
•^ probability, 1 ihaJl cyer ptit pen to 
peper, I thought it ray duty to employ it 
\n writing to yoti, fince I am now.^ing 
to 9 place from whence I can admmifter 
no advice to you, an4 whither you, and 
all the red who, arc ooliged to 
come fooner or later. 

Your Lordfhip is too ^^W acquainted 
wj:h my temper, to imagine that I could 
be.u' the reproachet of my friends, and 
Wireais of my enemies, without laying 
tltem ' deeply at lieart | efpccially lince 
there are no grounds for the one, nor 
foundation for the other \ and you will 
give me credit when I fay, that thefe conii- 
derations alone have (hoiTteiied my days. 

I dare pcrfuade myfelf, that the reports 
which have been raifed of me relating to 
iTiy non attendance on the Queen in her 
laft moments, are received by you, as by 
titlicrs of my conftant and auured friends, 
^th an air of contempt and difbeiief j 
mnd could wilh tliat they made as little ah 
impreinon upon me. Sut I find them to 
•be infuppoitable, and have experienced, 
that thcnigh thcM are repelltnt xnedtcints 

for di(ea(es of the body, thoie of the aiind 
are too ftrong and impetuous for the feeUe 
reiiibince of the moft povrcriol ardft. 

In a word, the decays of natvre tell 
ipe that I cannot live long \ and the me^ 
nacing Letter endofcd will tell yoo froiQ 
what quarter my death cun>et. Give m^ 
leave, therefore, to be in earneft once €or 
all with my very good Lord, and to lUJr 
my endeavours to prolong your life, thift 
cannot add a fpan^s length to my own. 

Your Lordihip knows how far an 9if of 
jollity has obtained amongil you and yomr 
acquaintance, and how many of them, m 
a few years, have died martyrs toexcdtf 
let me conjure you therefore, for the gooj 
of your own iovX^ the pielervation of your 
health, and the boiefit of the Public, t^ 
deny yourfelf the deftru^live libotiea yo« 
have nitherto taken, and which, I mnib 
confefs, with a heart full of (bnrow, f 
have been too great a partaker of ro youjr 

You are to confider (Oh t that I mvlelf 
had done io 1) that men, efpecially tWe 
of your exalted rank, are born to nobler 
exeixifes than thofe of eating and drink- 
ing ; and that by how much the more cmi* 
nent your ftation it, hy fo much the more 
accountable will you be for the diicfaar|{t 
of it. Nor will your duty to God, your 


■ OS 


zed by Google 


zed by Google 



coontiy, or yourielf, permit vouto anger 
'ihc/r/j in robbing they^rW of a patriot 
and (ktendefy by not taJcing a due care of 
Ae tbirj^ which will be accounted down- 
right murder in the eyes of that inccnfcd 
Doty that will moft affurcdiy avenge it. 

The pain that afflicU my nerves inter- 
ropes me from making any other rcqueft to 
you than that your Lordfhip would give 
credit to the wonis of a dying man, who 
is fearful that he lias been in a gitat mca- 
fure an abettor and encouragcr oif your in- 
temperance J and would therefore, in thelc 
ni^ iaft moments, when he is moft to be 
credited, dehort you from the pur fuit of 
It ; and that in thefe the days of your 
jrouth— for you have many years yet to live, 
I if yoQ do not haften your own death— 
' you would give ear to the voice of the 
I rreachcr, whom you and 1, with the reft 
I of your (Company, have, in the midtt of 
I our riotous debauches, made light of, for 
I fJiying, " Rejoice, Oh young man, in 
thy vouth, and let thy heart cheer thee in 
the days of thy youth, and walk in the 
ways of thy heart, and in the fight of thine 
eyes : But know thouj that for all thefe 
things God will bring tlicc to. judgment." 
^ On which day, when the hearts of all 
met fliall be laid open, may you and 1, 
and all that (incerely repent of acting con- 
trary to the revealed will in this life, reap 
the fruits of our forrows for our nufdeeds 
in a blefled refurre^lion 3 which is the 
hearty prayer of. 

My vei7 good Lord, 
Your Lordftiip* s moft obedient 
and moft obliged Servant, 


THOUGH I am no friend of your's, 
but, on the contrary, one that could wilh 
your deftru^lion in a iegal way, for not 
preventing the death of our moft excellent 
Queen when you had it in your power to 
five her j yet I have fuch an averfion to 
the taking away mens' lives unfairly, as 
to acquaint you, that if you go to meet 
the gentleman you have appointed to dine 
with at the Greyhound in Croydon, on 
Thurfdav next, you will be moft certainly 

I am one of the perfons engaged in the 
confpii-acy, with wclvc more, who are re- 
folved to facrifice you to tlW ghoft of her 
late Majefty, that cries aloud for your 
blooilj therefore, neither ftir out of doors 
on that day, nor any other, nor /hi nk of 
exchanging your prefent place of abode 
for your houli: at Hammerfmlth, fmce 
there, and every*wbere elfc, we Ihall be 
in queft of you. 

I am touched with remorfe, and give 
vou this notice t but take care of vburfelf 
left I repent of it, and give proofs of fo 
doing, by having it in my power to de- 
ftroy you, who am 

Your fworn enemy, 


For Dr. Radcliffe, at his 
Houfe in Carihalton, Surrey. 

P. 8. I would be obliged to any of your 
Correfpondents who would infor^n what 
were Dr. RadclifFe's Family Arms, 


T KNEW John Henderson, of whom 
* aPc- irait anflibme Account appeared in 
your excellent Magazine for laft mon h, 
petfe^iy well; and always entertained 
that admiraijon for him which his unconu 
niDn talents entitled him to, and that 
cfteem'which his many virt\ies richly 
defcrved. Scarcely a book, however ob- 
fcure, could be mentioned, but he could 
inve fume accoimt ot it j nor any I'ubje^ 
ibrted, but he could engage in the dif- 
C'jffion of it. He had a very deep and rx- 
tenGve knowl::dge of the learned lan- 
guages, though i b*;l tve he read Init little 
in the Clalfics at the latter period of his 
life. He delighted much in paradoxes, 
*nd his intimate acquaintance with the 
Schoolmen brouph; l\im much iato the 
Vou XXII. 

habit of difputation . The magical, aftro* 
loeical and chemical treaiifes, fo fafiiion- 
able at the middle of the laft century, 
engaged a confiderable part of his ftudy | 
and he has, at times, ventured to declare 
the poftlbility of holding a con-efpondence 
with feparaie fpirits^ upon the ftrength of 
his own experience. At one time I re- 
member to have found him profoundly 
plunged in the ftudy of the writings of 
the ilhunii ed Jacob Behmeo, and he then 
and aftei wards very warmly rindica'ed 
llie fyrtcm (if fyftcm it may be called) of 
that won<lerfui man. His medical know- 
ledge was alfo remarkable, thoiigh he 
was no fytteroatlft. Many Airprizing 
cures accompliftied by means of his pre- 
fcriptions might be produced*: one upon 
A a C ^ ^^^^ 

Jigitizedby V^^ ^ j.^^ 



t rerj ingenioas and valuable youth in 
tbc neighSoorhood ot" Taupton, deferves 
notice, as the patieiat had been in an 
atlarming decline for the long fpace of 
four years, and fecmcd faft verging to 
the bou/e appointed for aU living. Mr. 
Hcnderibn attended him with the uim*»ft 
aflkluity and tendernefst and faw^ at lalt, 
his patient in a ftate of perfe6l health. 
The benevolent man had theh a prei'enti- 
ment of his own approaching change, 
and addreflfed himfelf to his young friend 
to this efFeft ; — ** My young and beloved 
iiriend, your cure, in all human pro- 
bability, is now certain, and you will 
live : but I (hall die. Remember, to be 
pious is to be happy j to be fobtr is to 
live long j and to pi-a6ti(c the moral vir- 
tues is to become great.*' Mr. Hcnder- 
ibn died a few months after. His con- 
iie(6lions with the Meihodifts continued to 
the laft,, but not with an equal degree of 
attachment.. The late Mr. John Wcf- 
ley had a very great rrgard for him. It 
ihould be remembered, to the honour of 
S worthy and celebrated Dean now living, 
that it was by his means entirely that Mr« 
Henderfon was placed in Pembroke Col- 
lege. Though deftitute of a fortune, and 
without the prof^^ of ever inheciting 
any> he was yet always averfe to engaging 

in any particular line of profeffion. He 
was often prelTed by his raoft intiroate 
friends to undertake the regular m&ice 
of phyfic, efpecially as his abilities in 
the healing art were Co well known j but 
much oftener and more generally was he 
urged to enter into Holy Orders. Both 
were declined by him, and at the clofr of 
his days he deeply felt the compun6lion 
ariitng from the lenfe of not having cxer* 
cifed his talents in a regular and (leady 
manner. There it grtat reafon to think 
that he materially injured a good natural 
conftitution by the capricioufnefs of hit 
condu£V, and particularly by the bold and 
ftrange experiments which he vat accuT- 
tomed to be always making upon himfelf. 
He iifed to fwallow large quantities of 
noxious di-ugs, and quicknlver; and, 
what Teemed more ra(h, fuch doles of 
opium as were apparently fufHcient to fend 
a dozen men to the grave. Hit father 
was fo ftrongly af£c61ed by the lofs of 
this affectionate and only child, that ha 
caufed the corpl'e tp be taken up again 
fome days after the inierment, to be (a* 
tisfied whether he was really dead* 
lam, dec. 


D R O S S I A N A. 


[ConttMuedfrom Page io6»] ' 

Mr. Page. 
jRthe gol<!en days of good Queen Befs, 
^ thofe halcyon days to which every 
Englilhman affefls to look up with rap- 
ture, the puniihment for a Libel wat 
ftrildng'bff the hand of the unfortunate 
offender. Mr. Page, who had written a 
pamphlet upon the Queen^s Mamage with 
the Duke of Anjou, luffered that puniih- 
ment ; and, according to that very elegant 
milcellany the ** Nugas Antiquas,^* made 
Ae following manly and fpirited fpeech 
upon the faiffold before his hand was 
chopped off. «* Fellow-countrymen, I 
am come hither to receive the law accord- 
ing to my judgment, and thanke the God 
orall, and of this I take God to witnefs 
(who knoweth the banes of all men), that 
as I am forrie I have oiiended^her Ma- 
jcftie, fo did I never meane harme to her 
JVlajcftic's p«rfon» crown or digtiity, but 

have been as truf afuijiS (as anjr waam 
England) to the beft of my abihtie^ ex- 
cept none.^* Then holding up his right 
hand, he faid, « This hand did I put to 
the plough, and got m^ Ikfing by it many 
years. If it would have plea^ her High- 
nefs to have taken my left hand, or my 
life, ike had dealt more favourably with 
me $ for now, I have no meam to hve ; but 
God (which is the Father of us all) will 
provide for me. I befeech you all, good 
people, to pray for me, that I may take 
my puniihment patiently.** And fo he 
laid his right hand upon the block, and 
prayed the executioner to difpatch him 
quickly. At two blows his hand wat 
taken off. So lifting up the bleeding 
ftump, and pointing to the block, he faid 
to the by.ftanders, « See, I have left 
there a true EMgliJbman\ hand.** And 
fQ he, went fram the fcaffold very ftoutly, 
i ——^ O^- and 

ro* SEPTEMBER 179a. 17^ 

ind witb great courage. The favageneft 
of the punifhment, and the intrepid be- 
haviour of the fufFerer, muft make every 
■true Englifhman's blood boil in his veins. 


I>r.HAYTER, Bishop of London. 

This excclknt'Prelate, durine the Ihort 
•time that he had the direction of bis Royal 
Pupil (his prelent Majefty), was fo an- 
xious for his knowledge of matters of con- 
fcquCTce to one who was to become the 
-Sovereign of a great kingdom, that he 
employed that .acute politician Dr, 
Tucker, the prefent Dean of Glouceftcr, 
to draw up feme leftures upon Trade and 
Commerce for the improvement of the 
mind of his illuftrit>as etive j from whofe 
tuition. It feeras, he retired in difguft, 
upon finding that Father Orleans' " Hif- 
toryof the Revolutions of England," and 
a fmal! French book called *< L'Ecolede 
ffiomroe," had been put into his hands 
without his privity or confent. 

Archbishop Whitcift. 

There is a very pietty little book in 
French, called " Great Events from Little 
Caul-s,- by M. Richer. He fuppofcs the 
Peace of Utrecht to arife from theDuchefs 
of Marlborough's IptUing fome water 
■upon Qrieen Anne's gown. Themiftocles 
ufed to fay to his friends, " You think 
now that I govern Athens : my mother 
governs me, and my little brother governs 
my mother." An Apothecary at Rich- 
n»nd keeping his chariot, and giving a 
place in it to a certain Nobleman lately 
deceiied, was the origin of Lord Chat- 
ham's difgraceful difmiflion from the 
Councils of this nation, of Wilkes aaJ 
Liberty, of the American War, and of 
the French Revolution, In that very en- 
tenainingpiece of Biography ** Sir George 
l^auTs life of Archbifhop Whitgift,'' there 
iS a trifling ciraim(lance mentionjed, 
which, in the opinion of a very acute and 
intelligent Lady, perhaps gave rife to the 
&^ of the Diflenters in England. 

The cii'cumtiance is this : The firft 
dlTcootentment of Mailer Cartwright (a 
Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, 
and a celebrated Difputant) erew at a 

eiibJic aft in that Univerfity betore Qneen 
lisabeth, bttaufe Mafter Prefton ^then 
«f King's College, and afterwards Mafter 
«f Trinity Hall), for his muly gefiure 
and pleafing pronunciation, was both 
itked and rewarded by her Majefty, and 
bmilelf reetvvtd miiiir ren»ard nor com^ 
mfmimi'mip prefuming of his own good 
febolarihtp. This bis no fmall grief he 
Uttered mtto ^vers of hit friends in Tri* 

nity College, who were alfo much dif- 
contentcd, becaufe the honour of theDif- 
putalion did not redound unto their Col- 
lege. Mafter Cartwright, immediately 
after her Majefty's negledofhim, b.gaii 
to ti-ade into divers opinions, as thst of 
the difcipline, and to kick againft her 
Ecclefiallical Government^ and that he 
might the Iwtter teed his mind with no- 
velties, he travelled^ to Geneva, where he 
was fo fir carried away with an affe6lion 
of their Dcw.devifcd dii'cipline, as that he 
thougiu all clun ches and congregations for 
GoveiTunents Eccicfiaftical were to be 
meaiiiied and fquared by the pra6i.ce of 
Geneva* Therefore, when he returned 
home ne took many exceptions ai^ainlt the 
eftabliihed Goviarnment of the Church of 
Englaml, and ihe obfcrvation of its rites 
and ceremonies, and the adiuiniftrat^on of 
its Holy Sacraments, and buzzed thefe 
conceits into the heads of divers young 
Preachers and Scholars of the Univerfity 
of Cambridge, and drew after him a 
great number of difciples and followert. 
Cartwright afterwards difturbs the ftaie 
of the Univerfity j is recommended to be 
quiet, but t^ no purpole $ is at laft tum 
pelled, after having refufeid to aifift at a 
conteience which Archbifhop Whitgife 
offered him. Cartwright aferwardspub- 
lifiisd, in 1591* a booik of New Piici- 
pline, for which he was proceeded againft 
in the Star Chamber, 

Hooker, fpeaking of Archblfeop Wbk- 
gift, fay8« <^ be always governed with 
that moderation which ufeth by patience 
to fuppveis boldnefs, and to make them 
conquer that fuffer." The Archbiihop, 
like a learned and excellent Welfii Bi(hop 
of our times, the able defender of Our 
Conftitution in Church and State, was 
anxious that the Curates' ftipends (hould 
be raifed. His Biographer (ays of him, 
" In letting leaies ol his impropriations, if 
he foimd his Curates' wages fmall, he 
would abate much of his fine to increafe 
their penfions, fome ten pounds by the 
^ear, as Maiditone, &c." " Queen Eliaa- 
beth," fays th^ Archbiihop's Fiographer, 
^* told his. Grace, that me would have 
the difcipline of the Church of Enj^land 
of all men duly to be obferved, without 
alteration of the leaft ceremony; con- 
ceiving that thefe Novf lifts might have 
wrought the Ibne mifchief in her king- 
dom which the turbulent Orators of Spana 
did in that Commonwealth, fo wifely fet- 
tled by Lycnrgus's laws, whichi whilft 
they took upon themfelves to amend; they 
roilerably defaced and deformed ; the in- 
convenience of which kind of reafoning 
the Queen had taken out of the Greek 

Aaa Poet 



' Poet Antus, who, when one aflccd him 
how he might have Homer*s Poems free 
from faiutt and comiptiong, replied, 
•* Get an old copy not reformed, for cu- 
rious wits labouring to amend things well 
done, commonly either quite mar them, 
x>r at Icaft mike them worfe." This fcn- 
tencc might be well applied to fome of our 

'Englifh Commentators, as Warburton 
upon Shakefpeare, Bentley upon Milton, 
(cc, &c. &c. 


Bishop Bedell. 

This excellent prelate, to whom the 
Irifh arc indebted for tl»e trandation of 
the Bible into their language, was Bifhop 
of Kilmore b Ireland. Like the late 
Bifhop Berkeley, he would never be 
tranflated from one fee to another, think- 
ing with him, that his church was his 
wife, and his diocefe his children, from 
whom he (hould never be divorced j and 
-^ how ii|tle indeed is the honour of the 
-«chUrch, the independence of the epifcopal 
character, and the attachment that every 
B:lhop (hmdd have to his diocefe con- 

- Jitiered, when tranflaiions are permitted. 
' Weiie all the Biihoprickn in England put 
' upon the fame footing with • rcfpe£l to 

- emolument, with a difference of Itipend to 

• the two Ai'chbifhops, tranflations would 

• nor probably be in fo much requefi as they 
are at prefent. " Bifhop Bedell lived 

■ with his dcrgy," fays his Biographer, 

• " as if they had been his brethren. When 
' he went his vifhatioos, he would not ac- 
cept of the invitations that were made to 
him by the great men of the country, but 
he would needs eat with his brethi-en, in 
luch poor inns, and of fuch coarfe fare, 
as the places afforded. He went about 

• always on foot when lie was at Dublin 
(one fervant only attending him), except 
upon public occafions, that obliged him to 
ride in procefiion widi bis brethren. He 

• never kept a coach in his life, hi^ ftrengfh 
nlways enabling him to ride on horfeback. 
Many poor liim tamilies s|l)out hi^ were 

maintained out of his kitchen, and in the 
Chnftmas-time he had tlie poor always 
eating with him at hh own table, and oe 
brouglit himfclf to endure hoih the fight 
of their rags and of their i udenefs. He 
by his will ordei*ed that his body fhould 
be buried in a church -yard with thi$ 
iufcriptioii ; 

« Depofitum GuUelm quondam Epifcopi 

" He did not like/' fays his Biographer, 
** the burying in a church \ for as, be 
obferved, tliere vras much both of fuper- 
fiition and pride in it, fo he believed it was 
a great anno3rance to the living, where 
there was fo much of -the fteam of dead 
bodies rifing about them. He wa« like* 
wile much offended at the rudencis which 
the crowding the dead bodies in a fmall 
parcel of grouud occafioned^ for the bodies 
already laid there, and not yet quite 
rotten, were often railed and mangled ; fb 
that lie made a canon in his fynod againfl 
burying in churches, and recommended 
that burying-places fhould be removed out 
of towns. Jn this he was imitated by the 
prefent Cardinal de Lomeiiie, Archbifhop 
of Sens, who publifhed fome years ago a 
very eloquent ma/^e/n^t on (he {ii^je^. 

>: 90iX>Z>CX 

Lord ^trafforp. 
When this infolent Peer was Viceroy of 
Ireland, he gave orders tp the Door- 
keeper •f the Houfe of fecrs of that 
country, to a^mit no i^obleman into tl^at 
Houfe unle(k he left his fword with him at 
tlie door. Many Peers paffed into the 
Houfe, and gave up their fword. The 
Earl of Ormond, however, on being 
afked for his fword, faid, on drawbg it 
lialf out at the fame time, *« My ^ood 
^ friend, if you make that reqtjeft ag^n, I 
/hall plunge it into your body/* Tiiis 
being told to Lord Strafford, he (aid, very 
coolly, upon the occafipii, *" This Noble- 
man is, I fee, a perfbn of whom I ought to • 
make a friend, if I can.** 


/y HE folldv/ing Remarks, by the late 
. •■• excellent Dr. JoRTiN, are admirably 
worth attending to. 

** To proftis do^brines which we be- 
lieve to be falfe, for worldly advantages, 
for the fake of quiet, for political reafons, 
and out of fubmiflion to the (ivil magi- 
0rate, is a vitious excefs which nothing 
can juflify. Not to be content with the 
libeityof*^ following our own (entiments. 

but rudely to attack wl^at is accounted 
true and facred in the nation where we 
Jive, is an extreme on the other ildc» 
"^lit di6lates of prudence and of good 
manners, and the reverence due to Civil 
fociety, are things which ought to be' 
caj^fuUy confidered by thofe whofe 
inquiries have led them aiide frpm the re- 
ligiou$ opinions commonly received. 



«* PIo«« leal may be a^livc, and yet not 
perniciuus^ an J thitie without burning.'* 

" When a man is violently bent to be- 
lieve or di(b"licvey be is more thin half>. 
pcffuadei that things arc as he dtltres/* 

** Virtue and goodncft are the health 
of the foul, and vice is a dti'oaie in it. A 
fickly and inArm body cmnot undergo 
hard toil, nor can a mind vexed and dif- 
compofed 'vith irregular appetites aitcnd 
to the I'earch after truvh, wanting that 
evennefs of temper and that vigour which 
ire neceflary in fuch inquiriss.'^ 

*• A ftatuary works upon marble, an 
Htlorian upon f^fls j both cut them to 
their fancy, and pare oif all that tjvill not 
fervc for their piu-pofe." 

** Truth and Learnina: arc friends 5 
Error and Impofture flpurifli under the 
protc^on of Ignorance/* 

The firft time that Thomas Aquinas 
tiiittd Rome, Innocent the Fourth, who 
then filled the Pontifical Chair, faid to 
biin, " -Yoti fee we cannot lay with St. 
Petei-, ** Sihfer and gold ba<ve I none,'^ 
." Na," iaid Aquinas, " neither can you 
command, as he did, the lame man to 
arii'e and walk/* 

fanatic!il impudence, " Ife tell thee, tnoti. 
He I. cither I'peak Icnfe nor come down/* 

It is related of Pope Sixtus V. that be- 
fure he anivcd to the Papal dignity ht 
ate and drank noihing but bread and 
water, laying, 

** Panis et aqua 
<♦ l^ita beata,^' 

An old woman who bad witKeflfed the 
religious changes under Q;icen Mary and 
Queen Elizabeth, ufcd to fiy her prayers in 
Latin and EngliOi, and <* Let God/* laid 
ihe, ** take which he likes beft/' 

«* An epitaph,'* obCnTcs a witty writer, 
^ ihould be true {Pe t/tfrtuu nil nifi 
^/riuw),not as on Tome monuments,, where 
the red 'veins in the marble may feem to 
blu(h at the falfehoods written on it. He 
was a witty man that firft taught a ftonc 
to J^emk, but he was a wicked man wtio 
taught it firft to lie,"* 

Divines may learn indufiry from the 
. eminent Cardinal Baronius, who not only 
compiled the mod llupendous work ever 
gathered by one man, Tbe Cburcb A'tuali, 
but tor thirty years ufed to preach tkree or 
fmr times a-weck. 

, A Scotch Prelbyier railing, in the pulpit, 
•gaintl epifcopacyv and even monarcni- 
cal government, before King James VI. 
wat coounandttl by his Majedy ^ either 
to fpeak icnle or to come down.** The 
frcacher replied, in tho true fpiric of 

But being feaied in the Pontifical Chair, 
he changed his diet, and alledged this 
realon fur it : 

<* Aqua et Pants 
• <* Eji vita cants.*'' 

Great judgment is nccefljry in appre* 
dating propcrlv the chara£lers of emi- 
nent men in lornier tinges. We ought 
not to judge concerning them as though 
they cxiilcd in our day. The complexion 
of religion, politics, and manners, fo 
varies, as to rcndci* fuch kind of judgment 
extremely unjuft. And yet this has been 
too much the fashion among our modera 
biographers ; they have brought down the 
chara^iers of former ages,^ and trievi their 
femiments and afiions by the f>hiio(bph/ 
and prevalent maxims of the pre lent age. 
Initead of (his, they ihould have placed 
themfelvcs in the age and circumliances of 
the refpe^ive perlbns wheff lives they pi-g- 
fefs to delineate. An Alexander drawn 
in a modern uniform, or a Cicero with a 
three-tailed wig, a band, and a barriltcr's 
gown, would be equally as j.iil in a 
painter, as this manner of drawing clu- 
radters in a hiftorian. 

Few men, particularly authors, hava 
been fo niodell as our great antiquity 
Camden, who, in a Urttcr to Archbifliop 
Uiher, dated July so, 1618, gives this 
hotieft pi^ure of hiirdVif : — *' I know 
not who may juftly fay that I was am* 
bitious, who contented myfelf in Well- 
mi nller fchool when I writ my Britattnia^ 
and eleven years afteiwards j wlio nrfiifed 
a Maiterfhip of Kequefts olfered, and 
then had the place of a King of Armsy 
without anv fuit> caft upon me. 1 did 
never fet fad after prefent preferments, or 
defined to foar highy by o.hers. I ncvtr 
made fuit to any man, no not to hit 
Majelly, but for a matter of courfe inci- 
dent to my places neither (God be praifed) 
I needed, having gathered a contented 
iufficiency by my long labours in the 

Oa the^eath of the great Lord Chan- 
ceUor Bacon (whofe iB^A<^ I think h: 



%inn too har^y, not to fay vrjuflly 
treated, in fome account of him la*c>y in- 
frrted in this Magarin**), Mr. James 
Howell, in a letter tu a Di . Pnicbard^ has 
Ihcfc remarks : 

** Mr Lord Cl>aDcclIor Bacon Is lately 
i!cad ot a long languiming weaknefs. — 
l^e died fo poor, that h*: fcarn v i.ic 
money to hvfv him^ v'rch, tltough l»e 
kad a great wit, did argue no great wif- 
^m, h being one of the e^ntial proper- 
ties of a vf\Cz man to provtde for tke main 
chance. I nave k -id, that it hath been the 
fortune of all Pjets com nt»'iy to die 
l^ggan } but for aii Orator, a Lawyer, 
«nd i Phllofopher, as he was, to die fo, 
"'tis rare. It feems the fame tate brfel 
liim that amended Demofhenes, Sinfca, 
and Ckero (.iH great men), of whom the 
two firlk fell by corruption. The faireft 
^amond may have a flaw in it, but I be- 
JI*?ve he died poor ont of a contempt of the 
pelf of foj-tune, as alfoout of an txcefs of 
Ijenerofity, v/hich appear^ as in divers 
©thcr paffages, fo once when the King 
liad fent him a fiag ; he fent up for the 
tJnder-Keepcr^ and kaving chunk the 

Kii>g*s health unto him in a great JSfDrr 
bcivi, he gave it him for his fee. H* 
writ a pitiful letter to King James, not 
loi.g before li;^ death, and coPclut!cs» 
Ht^ip ntdy Gi'ar Sovireign Lord and Ni^ijierp 
af}J y'ltj 7Le fo favi that I ivbo ka*ve be fa 
h-y-.i to a bag^ be nott.<nv in my a^e forced 
in effed to bear a njuaiUt, nor J that de^ 
fire to live tsjhfij, may be dri'ven tofudj 
t» linjt: which v^ords, in my opinion* 
a/£rneih a iiirie ahjeftion ©i* ipirit, as his 
ioimer letter to the Prince M of profanc- 
lul's, wherein Ic hcfed, .hat as tie fatber 
fwas his Creator ^ the San 'would be his Rt' 
daemer. I write riot this lo derogate froni 
the noble worth of tlic Lord Vifcount 
Veruiam, who was a rare man, a man 
recondita fiieuu^^ et ad falute/n li- 
Urarum vatusy and I think the elo- 
quentell man tl>at was bi>rn in this 

What a pity is it that no good menKnr 
(fcarce indeed any memoir at all) of this 
reftorer of philolbphy has ever appeared ! 
and how much is iUci) a work to be deilre4 
by all true lovers of iitcrature. 


'iTO the Memoir of this ingenious and 
* celebrated Dirine wJiich has already 
appeared in our Magazine* we aie en- 
abled to add the following particulars, 
at>d dill hope to receive ruriber conMnu- 
sications concerning him* 

Samuel Badcock was born atSouth 
Molton, Feb. 23, 1747. He received 
the 6r(l rudiments of his education under 
bis maternal uncle, a Mr. Plake# who 
was Minifter of the Congregation of 
PiiTemers at South MoIcob : for this 
perfon Mr. Badcock always entertained 
a lively fenfe pf gratitude. He was an 
excellent claiHc) an i having wcii ground- 
ed his nephew in the Komao and Grecian 
l>angu^gcs. renewed him to the Calvi- 
wi.ljc hot- bed at St. Mary Ottcry in 
this count Vt then fuperiotended by a 
Mr. Rooker, fucceifor to a Mr. Laving- 
foi) (who was a great alTi^lant ro Dr. £d- 
fnuqd Calam^ in compiling his Account 
lof the MioiHers ejc^ed for non*con- 
fbrroityy and accompanying that gentle- 
man into Scotland* received at £din« 
Iburgh the honorary degree of M. A.)« 
—Mr. Badcock was never at Taunton 
^nninaryy as aflTcrtcd in our Magaaioe 
for September 1790, nor at any other 
than this of Otu.y. How long he con- 
youed there we know i>oti but be %c- 

cepted a Call, as it istennetf, to be Paffor 
of a DjATeming congregation at Win- 
bourne in Dorletfhirc, and was ordaine4 
there as fuch. From Winboume he re- 
moved to Barnftaple in Devon in th« 
year 1769* Of this removal he thus 
fpeaks in a letter to a friend, writte^ 
February 26, 1774. 

«' I rcfulcd the firft invitatioo from 
Barnftaple. Difputcs then arofe to a 
confiderable height about the choice 
of a Minifter, and 1 am convinced 
irreparable dif-union would have been 
the coofequence had I not accepted 
of a fccond invitation, backed moft 
flrongly by the carneft intreaties of 
my relations in this neighbourhood* 
and the expoftulations of feveral Mi- 
nifters in whom I had much confidence* 
Having fully difcharged all the ex- 
traordinary expences the congregation of 
Winbourne had put themfelves to on my 
account, I removed to Barnftaple, and 
preached ray firft fermon here, April j, 

•* I was much reflefted o.n by fome for 
leaving a people amongft whom I liad been 
ordained. 1 confefs 1 did not confider or- 
dination as binding on a Minifter-*nor 
do 1 think it ihould he a tie, when a 
profpcft of greater uiefuloefs c^lls hi^n 



tKewliere* Z am fatiified with' hiy owtk 
Views and principles of afting in my re- 
tnoval; and chough purfued by cruel 
refiettioQs of it^orant and biguicd per- 
foiHy I (land firm on my own ground ; 
and adocc the Hand that conducted roe 

Before his fetttine: at BarnOaple Mr. 
Badcock. had quieted the narrow and 
gloomy fyftem of Catkin j nor was this 
any thing to his difadvantRge in the 
■liadt of the general part of the con- 
^eg^tion there, as Mr. Wal^bnd, the 
Miaifter whom he fucceede^, was mnch 
beloved hy his people* and a man of 
enlarged fcntinncnts. Of fhis perfon 
Mr- Badcoctc in the fame letter fpeaks 
in the following terms of rcfpeft :— 
** Mr. Wairond maintained the credit of 
^rthodoT^ by his connexion with the 
Academy atOctery; a pretty confiderable 
fum of money, left to the Students of 
that Academy by a relation of his^, being 
wholly in his haads» and at his drfpofaU 
Having fo much confequence airongft 
the fupporters of that Academy, he ef- 
caped better than many of his brethren9 
who had no fuch advantageous grounds 
to ftand upon. Howtver, it is very cer- 
tain that he maintained do predilc£lion 
for the favourite topics of that Academy, 
and generally warned the Students ae;ainft 
a bigoted attachment to them« \ re- 
member while I waa^ a ftudent— I was 
fcnt for to preach for Wairond, who 
charged rae moft earned Iv not to intro- 
duce any thing of a difputative kmd 
into his pulpitr adding, ' I know your 
fellow -ft udents, and their fondnefs for 
the quinquarticular controvcrfy, which 
1 katet and which my congrce^ation never 
beard a word about, and I never dclire 
they fliould.* 1 have reafon to be thank- 
ful that my worthy predeceflbr kept his 
people in fuch a ftate of falutary igno- 
rance. For my peace, they muft h'lvc 
unlearned all they had been taught on 
thofc heads. At prelcni I live in great 
harmony with the congregation, and I do 
all in my power co.keep the dxmon of 
controverfy from gettmg among them, 
being convinced that he is more eafy to 
be refirtcd than expelled.** 

While Mr* Badcock lived in peace 
with the Diflcnters, and before he in- 
curred their hatred on account of a 
yV/^£/?^ deviation from/wr//r, he feems 
not to have entertained the ili^^hteft idea 
af ibackiing himfelf by fj^ibnbing to a 
theological fy ftcmt and conforming to a 
preicribed form of praver with rites and 
ceremonies. In acoth.r letter to^ the 

fame fnend in the iame year, he thnv 
expieifet his rcntimenrs : ** The Dif^ 
fentiBg inteiell on its large tod catholic 
foundation is fo dear to my loul, that I 
moft fincerely grieve to fee it dimini(hcd 
in any ivfpeft." This refle6^ion wjw 
made in confequence of the decay of a 
Baptift congregation at South Molton* 

Virulent infult and the mofl oppro- 
brious reproaches on account of his per- 
fiding to the laft in denying the bcin^ 
guilty of xht faux pas juft mentioned, 
made him look with leis partial eyes ttr 
xhtDiJfenting Intereji', and, »ddcd to other 
motives, induced him at length to aban- 
don the tents of Schifm, and become a 
true fon of the Eftabliflicd Ckurch. 
But oh ! what an uproar then enfue^ 
among his quondam brethren 1 The 
firft flip was indeed very had, but it was 
a mere nothing w hen compared to Apol- . 
tacy. But poor Badcock did not live 
IvMig to l»car the reproaches of his oil 
friends, nor to enjoy the favours and 
honours which he would, no doubt* 
have received from his new ones. 

While at l:iarnftHpl€ he became ac- 
quainted with a dajijhtcr of Mr. Simuel 
Wcftcj'f matter of rvcrfr.n -fr hool, anJ 
elder brother of the la^e celebrated Mr- 
John Weflev, and from her he received 
a confiderable quaiMity of papers, cori- 
iiftin^ chiefly of letters and p-ecci of 
potrry. S.»me of thelc h". p.ihlilhcd en- 
tiie r and from the whole, v. ith wh^ 
particTTlar: :hc dony favoured ))!rn with 
orally, he drew up that acco":»t r\f \htt 
family which \v%% puWiflicd in thxr 
scth Number of the Bibliothcca Topo 
graphica Brit^nnica. He was favouicd 
al fo at Barnflapl^ with a eonfidrrable 
number of manufcripts, which had been 
the property of Mr. Jonathan Ranmcr, 
who was eie6Vcd from the living of B;trn- 
f^aple in i66z, and was a noted in 
his day. ^ut thebooks and papers of 
Mr. Juhn Berry, an eminent non-coa- 
formill Miniftcr at Barnftaple in the 
laft century, falling into Mr. Badcock^ 
hands, proved an invaluable treafure t«- 
him. Among them were Ib'ne letters 
of that excellent prelate and celebrated 
writer Dr. Jeremiah Taylor Bifliop ot* 

Mr. Badcock *s family was always a 
rcfpe6lable one in South Molten, and in- 
the Ind century one of his ancel^ors was 
Mayor of the town : but what diftin- 
guifhed him the noil wat his animolitf 
to the non-con/ormifts, particularly the 
noted Mr. John Flavel of alle^orizinjc 
famei who was ejef^dfrom^the iivioK of 




Dsrtmduthy and took up his abode for 
fomc yean it Hudfcoct* a feat bejoni'ing 
to the family of Rollc, near South M.»l- 
toQy where he ufed to preach in the hall 
at midni«{ht to very croudcd audiences. 
Mr. Badcock I nving mentioned ih»s an- 
ceftor of his in a letter to a friend, o'a- 
fervesi that " he exercifed with unajbatcd 
ardour atid Ceverity all the power which 

the vengcanec of the Church and State m 
Alliance had given hi in to fcourge thtf 
generous oppofers of tyranny and ufuf- 

Several unpubliHied manufcriptt of 
Mr. Badcock's are in the hands of his 
friends, and as fome arc h'ghly defcrving 
the public eye, we hope they will not be 
long withheld from it. 




[ Concluded from Page 91. ] 

^ /^LAUDINE, furprifed to find anf 
^^ one who did not delpife her, kifTcd 
bis handsy without faying a word. He 
fpoke to her in the moft friendly manneri 
and inquired after his good brother the 
Curare : be dwelt with pleafurt on the 
good deeds of that worthy n* , and ob- 
ferved) that one of the moft plcalir.g duties 
of their roiniftry was to confolc the un- 
happy* and heal the broken- hearted. 
Claudine liftencd with rcipcdlful grati- 
tudci he appealed to her as an angci fcnt 
from Iieaven to comfort her. After fup- 
pcr ihc retired to bed in a cafnier lute of 
mind* and if ihc did hot ilcepi Hic at leall 

**On the morrow, the good Curate 
fearched through Salcnches for a iuile 
chamber where Claudine triight he- in. 
An old woman> called Madame Felixi 
offered an apartment, and promifed fc- 
crecy.. Claudine repaired thjthcr in the 
evening, the Curate pais) three n^onths 
rent in adc nee, the '.Id Lady pafTed her 
for a niece lately marrrd at Chambery, 
and every thme was fettled. Indeed it 
was high time j for the fatiguing journey, 
and the agitation of mind that Claudine 
had fufiained, brought on her laboui-;.rms 
that very evening : although only liven 
months gone with child, flie produced a 
boy beautiful as the day, whom Madame 
Felix caufed to be baptized by the name 
•f Benjamin. 

" The Curate was dcfirous of imme- 
diately putting the child out to nude, 
but Claudine declared with tears in her 
eyes, that die wpuld rather die than be 
feparated from Benjamin : flie was al- 
lowed to keep him for the firlt few days, 
and at the end of thefe days her UiHter- 
nal fondnefs had encreafed. The Curate 
reafoned with her; reprelcnted to her, 
that fuch condu£l deprived her of all 
hopes of (ver ictuimiig to ChamQuny, or 

o*" being reconciled to her father: Clau* 
dine's only anfwer was to embrace Ben- 
jamin. The time Cipt on, Claudine 
nurlcd her child, and remained with 
Madame Felix, who loved her witli ail 
her heart. 

** The fifty crowns from her father, 
and the little money l^anefc had put 
into her bundle, had hitherto paid her 
cxpences. Naucitc did not dare to come 
to fee her, but fhe fcnt her all (he could 
fpare, and tliua Claudine wanted for 
noihmg. She employed her time in 
•cannni^ to read and write of the old lady, 
xvhg hdd formerly kept a fchool at Bon- 
vllc, and in taking care of Benjamin. 
C laudine was not unhappy, and littfe 
Benjamin grew charming. But fuch hap- 
pincls could not laft. One mommg the 
Curate of Salenches came to pav her a 

'* My dear 'girl,'* fa\d he. ** when I 
received vou under my pro:e«$lion, when 
I covered youi fault with the mantle of 
charity, my defign was, to take care of 
your child, to enable him to gain hit 
bread } and 1 hoped, during that interval, 
to haveappeafetl »he anger of your father \ 
to have prevailed with him to receive you 
once more into hist houfe, where your re- 
pentance, your modefty, your love <rf 
virtue* and of labour, might gradually 
have induced him to forget the diftreifes 
of which you had been the fource. But 
this plan you have yourfclf oppofed. 
With what eyes could Simon look upon 
tliis child; he mud necelfarily remain a 
lading monument of yourmifcondu^ and 
dilg! aac. i can difcern by your eyes that 
your choice is made ; but you ought to 
confuter* that you cannot always remain 
with this go6d woman, whofe circum* 
flanccSf however dehrous ihe might be 
of befriending you, render it impolTible. 
The money diac ^anetu fends you, is 



taken from the fupport of herftif and 
her family*. Nanette labours the ground 
while you carefs Benjamioj and Nanette 
hu been guilty of no fault. You have 
hot one rcfource, which is, to go into 
icnrtce either at Geneva or Chambcry ; 
but I doubt whether^ without feparating 
from your child, you would eaiily find a 
place. I allow you two days to refle£t 
coolly on thefe matters. You will then 
iafonn ine of your determination^ and 
depend on it, I will do every thing in my 
power ^o affift you." Claudine was fcn- 
iible of the truth of all the Curate had 
faid, but (he found it impoifible for her 
to live without Benjamin. After palling 
a day and a night in rcfle<5ting on what 
(he ought to do, (be at lad refolvedy and, 
after writing a letter to the Curate, ac- 
knowledging all his kindnefs, which (he 
left OQ her table, (he made a bundle of 
her doathsy tied up twenty crowns which 
ftill remained in a handkerchief, and, 
taking Benjamin in her arms, (he departed 
from Salcnchcs. 

*' Shetook the road to Genevai and (lept 
at ni^ht at Bonvillc ; for, on account of 
Irtile Benjamioi (he could not travel far* 
The fecond day (he arrived at Geneva. 
Her firft care was to fell all her female 
attire, and provide hcrfelf with a fuit of 
man's deaths ; (he even fold her fine 
black hairi and bought a knapfack, into 
uhicb (he put her cloaihs. She faftcncd 
the ring, which (he had always hitherto 
^'om on her finger, round her neck. 
Thus clad like a young Savoyard, with 
I fiout (lick in her hand, her knapfack 
on her back, a top of which Benjamin 
^as feaied, clafping his hands round her 
o«ck, (he fet out from Geneva on the 
road to Turin. 

" She was twelve day* inNCro(ring the 
mountainsf and people were fo much 
pleafed with the air and appearance of 
diis handfome little Savoyard, and of the 
child whom (he carried on her back, and 
called her little broiher, that (he was 
^dly allowed to pay any thing, but 
commonly difcharged her reckoning by 
amufing the company with fomc of the 
little bwutiful fongs ptculiai tohcr coun- 
Jjy> fo that when Claudine arrived at 
Torin, (he bad ftill fome of her money 
wt> with which (he hired a little garret, 
weight a bru(h and blacking, and, fol- 
lowed by little Benjamin, wh« never left 
Jcr, (he fet uj* a little ftall for blacking 
«P2» "* '*** Palais Royal, under the pame 

*'J>ttriDg the firft days ihe gainc^ but 
«Wf»bicanfe file wat awkwardi aoif took 

a good deal of time to gain a penny ; but 
(he foon became expert, and the work 
went on well. Claude, intelligent, aftlve* 
alertf ran all the errands of the quarter. 
Benjamin, during her abfence, fat upon 
and guarded the (lool. If there was a 
letter to be carried, a box to be removed, 
or bottles to be conveyed to the 'cellar* 
Claude was called in preference to any 
other. She was the confidant and a(n(^ 
tantof all the lazy fervants in the neigh- 
bourhood, and in the evening often car- 
ried home a crown as the gains of the 
day. This was fully fu(ficient to fupport 
her and Benjamin, who every day in- 
creafed in (lature and in beauty, and be* 
came the favourite of all the neighbour* 

" This happy life had lafted for more 
than two years, when one day Claudine 
and her (on being bufy arranging their 
little (tall with their heads bent towards 
the ground, they faw a foot appear upon 
the (lool. Claudine took her bru(h, and 
without looking at the mafterof the (hoe, 
immediately began her operation. When 
the mo(t difficult part was done, (he 
raifed her, head. — The bru(h fell from 
her hands, (he remained immoveable t it 
was Mr. Belton whoAi (he behpld. Little 
Benjamin, who was not at all aflPeded, 
took up the bru(h, and with a feeble hand 
atfcmpred to fini(h the work of Claud ii(et 
who (iill remained motionlefs, with her 
eyes fixed on Mr. Belton. Mr. Belton 
alkcd Claudine, with fomc furprize, why 
(Ijc (lopped, and fmiled at the efforts of 
the child, whofe figure pleafed him. 
Claudine^ recovering her fpirits, excufed 
herfclf to Mr. Belton with fo fwect a 
voice, and fuch well-chofen words, that 
the Englifhman, ftill more furprized, 
afked Claudine feveral queftions about 
her country and her fituaiion. Claudme 
anfwered, with a calm air, that (he and 
her brother were two orphans who gained 
their bread by the employment which 
he faw, and that they were from the Val- 
ley of Chamouny. This name ftruck 
Mr. Belton, and looking attentively at 
Claudine, he thought he recognized her 
features, and inquired her name. ** I 
am called Claude,^* faid (he.—** And you 
are from Chamouny?*'—" Yes, Sir, from 
the village of Pricure.»'— " Have you no 
other brother ?**— " No, Sir, only Ben- 
jamin.*'—*' Nor any fifter ?''— " Pardon 
me. Sir." — " What is her name ?"— 
** Claudine.**— ** Claudine I and where it 
Ibc?''—* 'Oh, I do not know, indeed, Sir.*' 
— '** How can you be ignerant of that ?'* 
— " For many rcafons, Sir, whish^^ltoot 



intered you, and which it wouM make 
inc weep to tell.'* Claudine, witn the 
tears ftarting in her eycSf told him (he 
h<iLl done. Mr. BcUoD) who did not go 
a-A ay, put his hand into his pocket, and 
gave her a guinea. *' I cannot change 
you,'* faid Ciaudinc — •* Keep the whole,'* 
laid thcEngii(hman,"aad tc!l me, Would 
you be forry lu quit vour prefcut employ- 
menti and accept^of a good place?''— 
«* Thar c^innot be, Sir."—** Why not ?" 
*— ** Decaufe nothing in the world would 
make me quit my brother.'* — ** But fup- 
J'ofc he were to accompany you?"— *'ThaC 
>vould be another matter.'* — ** Weli, 
Claude, youfhall be wiih me ', 1 will take 
vou into my fervice, you will be very 
liappy in my houfc, and your brother 
jhall accompany you.** — "Sir,'* anfwcred 
. Claudine, a little embarrafled, ** favour 
me with youraddrefs, and I will call upon 
you to-morrow.'' — Mr. Belton gave it 
her, and bade her not fail to come. 

** It was well for Claudine that the 
€onvcrfation now terminated, for her tears 
almoU fuQbcated her ; (he hallcned to her 
chamber, and there Ihut hcrfelf up to 
rcfleft on what Ihe ought to do. Her 
inclination and heraflfe£^ion for Benjamin 
prompted her to enter into the fervice of 
Mr. Belton ; but his paft treachery, and 
the promifc ihe had made to the Curate 
of SalencheSf never to do any-thing which 
iTijght endanger her virtue, made hc^ he- 
(itate : but the welfare of Benjamin pre- 
ponderated ; flie rclolvcd to go to Mr. 
Bekon, to ferve him faithfully, to make 
him cherifh his foo, but never to tell him 
ifrho Ihe was. 

♦' This point being fettled, the next 
morning Ihc waited on Mr. Bcltou, wlio 
agreed to give her good wages, and or- 
dered her and her brother cloaths immc- 
. diatety. , Mr. Belton now wilhed to renew 
the convcrfaiion of ycftcrday, and to in- 
quire further concerning her lifter. But 
Claudine interrupted him. ** Sir,'' faid 
file, *' my ii(ler is no more y Die is dead 
of mifery, chagrin, and repentance All 
•ur family have lamented her unhappy 
end i and thofc who are not our re- 
lations have no right to renew fuch me- 
' lancholy rcfle£lions." Mr. Belton, more 
than ever aftonilhed at the fpirit of Claude> 
delifted from further inquiry ^ but he 
ccnceivcd a high eftcem and a fincere 
friendlllip for this extraordinary young 

** Claude foon became the fcf ocfitc of 
his mailer j and Benjamin, towards whom 
Mr. Belton found himfelf attached by an 
irr€fiaiUc iinpulfe» wil for ever in his 

chamber. The amiable child| as if con^ 
fcious that he owed his exiftence to Mr. 
Belton, loved him nearly as well as Clau- 
dine j and he told him fo vith'fuch fwcct 
innocence and fimplicity, that the EngU(h- 
man could not do without Benjamin. 
Claudine wept for joy, but flie concealed 
her lears. But the dilllpation of Mr. 
Btlton afflifted the heart of Claudine, 
and made her fear that the hour of dif- 
covery would never a- rive. 

" By the death of his parents, Mr. Bel- 
ton had, at the aee of nineteen, been left 
maftcr of a very I rge fortune, which h* 
had hitherto employed in ^vanderini^ over - 
Italy, (lopping whrrever he found it 
agreeable to hhn, that is, wherever he 
met with agreeable women whom tic 
could deceive and ruin. A lady of the. 
court of Turin, rather advanced in hfc, 
but dill beautiful, was his prcfcnt mif- 
trcfs ! ihe was lively, pallionate, and 
very jealous of Mr- Belton. She re- 
quired that he fhould fup with her cvciy 
evening, and write to her every morning. 
The Engli(hman did not dare to rcfufc. 
Notwithdanding all this they had many 
quarrels : for the fmalleft caufe (he would 
weep, tear her hair, feiie a knife, and 
play a thoufand fooleiies, which began 
to tire Mr. Belton. Claude faw and * 
felt all this, but (he fulTered in (ilcncc. 
Mr. Belton gave her every day fre(h 
marks of confidence, and often com- 
plained to her of the unplcaTant life he 
led. Claude now and then rifqued a 
little advice, half joke and half Icrious* 
which Mr. Belton heard with "appro- 
bation, and promifed to follow to-morrow 4 
but when to-morrow ca'me, Mr% Belton 
returned to the lady more from habit 
than inclination, and Claude, who wept 
in private, ?ff-ded to fmile, while (he 
accompanied her mailer. 

'* At length there arofc fo violent » 
quarrel between the Englifhman and the 
marquife, that he rcfolvcd never again 
to go near her i and in order to prevent 
it, connef^cd himfelf with another lady 
of the fame place, no better than the 
former. In this change Claudine favr 
only a new fubjcft of af5i£^ion. All 
that (he had done was to begin again j 
but fhe rcfigned herfclf to it without 
complaining,, and continued to ferve her 
mafter with the fame fidelity as ever. 
But the marquife was not of a difpofition. 
fo ca(ily to yield v«p the heart of hcf 
Engli(h lover. She had him watched* 
and foon difcovercd her rival; ibe ex* 
hail (ted every (Iraugem of intrigue to 
make hin^ If turn^ ^t in ysun* Th« 



'Knglifijman did not aqfwer her letter^, 
Tcfufed her appointmentsi and ridiculed 
I her threats* — The marquife, now in de- 

I fpair, thonghc only of revenge* 

j ** One day, when Mr. Belton, followed 

by Claudine, was as ufual coming out of 
the houfe of his new miflrefs about two 
o'clock in the morning, and, already dif- 
pleafed with her, was telling his faith- 
ful Claudine that he had thoughts of 
fetting out immediately for London, fud- 
denly four defperadoes fell with poniards 
on Mr* Beltoo, who had hardly time to 
throw bimfclf againft the wall with, his 
fword in his hand. Claudine, on fight 
•f the alfafTins, fprang before her matter, 
and received in her bofom the. ftrokc of. 
I a poniard aimed at Mr. Belcon : ihe in- 
ftantly fell. The Englilhman fet furi- 
ovfiy on the man who had wounded her, 
and foon ftrctchcd him on the pavement i 
and the three others, finding themfclvcs 
furioudy attacked, quickly fled. Mr. . 
BcUon did not purfue them ; he returned 
to his domellic, raifed him, embraced 
iiim, and called on him with tears ; but 
Claudine did not anfwer, for fhe had 
fainted. Mr. Btlion took her in his 
^ arms, carried her to his houfe, and laid 
her in his own bed, while others at his 
deli re ran for a furgeon. Mr. Helton, 
impatient to fee the nature of the wound, 
unbuttoned Claudine's veft, drew af.dc 
the (hirt covered with blood, looked, and 
beheld with afloniihment the bofom of a 

'** During this the furgeon arrives, and 
€xaminQ8 the wound, which he declares 
, not to be morul, as the weapon had 
ftruck again (I the bone* The wound is 
drelfed, and (limulatives applied, but ftill 
Claudine does not recover* Mr. Bel- 
ton, who fupported her head, perceives 
a ribbon rqund her neck i he pulls it» and 
difcovers a ring. It is his ownj the 
fame that he had left on Montanverd to 
the beautiful fhepherdefs whom he fo 
cruelly abandoned. Evcry-thing is at 
once evident. He fend« for a nurfe, who 
undrelTes Claudine, and lays her in l)cr 
own bed j and the poor t^irl, at length 
recovering her fenfes, throws her eyes 
airoood, and fees with aftonilliment the 
nurfe, the furgeon, her matter, and Ben- 
jatniDy who, awaked by all this .noife, 
had rifcD, and run half naked to his 
brother^ whom he embraced with tears. 
^ Claudine immediately endeavoured to 
confole Benjamin j then calling to mind 
what bad happened, feeing heifelf in a 
btdt mnd refieding with inquietude that 
ft( ited been uA^reiTedi the quickly put 

her hand to the ribbon which held' her 
ring. Mr* Belton, who watched her, 
faw in her looks the pleafure with which 
ihe found it was ftill there. He then 
made every -body leave the room, knelt 
down by the fide of the bed, and taking the 
hand of Claudine. — '* Do not be alarm- 
ed," faid he, "my fweet friend : I know 
every thing, and it is for the happinefs 
of us both. "You are Claudine, and I am 
k monftcr. There is but one way that 
I can ceafe to be fo, and that depends 
upon you. I owe you my life, and I 
wiih to owe my honour to you, for it is I 
who have loft it, not you. Your wound 
is not dangerous i and as foon as you can 
go out, you Ihall beftow on me the name 
of lj[uiband,and pardon me a crime which 
I am far from pardoning myfelf. 1 have 
long ftrayed from the paths of virtue, 
Claudine; Inii they will be the more 
agreeable when i am reftored to them bf 
you.*' Imagine the furprifc, the joy, the 
tranfportb of Claudine. bhe would have 
fpoke, but her tears prevented her. She 
then perceived little Benjamin, who had 
been turned out with the reft*, and who, 
anxious about his brother, had fofrly 
opened the door, and thruft in his pretty 
face to fee what was going forwards. 
Clnudinc ihewed him to Mr* Belton, 
faying, ''There is yourfon; he will an<wer 
you better than I can." He flew ; Ben- 
jamin covered' him with kilTes, and, car- 
rying him to his mother, he paffed the 
remainder of the night between his wife 
and his child with ajatisfaflion of mind 
to which he had long been a ftrangcr. 

** In fifteen days Claudine was well. 
She had informed iWr. Bdton of all that 
had happened to her. This endeared 
her to the Englifhman, who was now 
fonder of her than the firft time he faw 
her. Claudine, now dreffed as a woman, 
but with great plainncfs, entered the 
coach of the Engliihman with Benjamin, 
and all three went flrait to Salcnches to 
the houfe of the Curate. The good man 
did not at firft know Claudine 5 but at 
length reconciling her, he rdn to old 
madam Felix, who was ftill alive, and 
who almoft died of joy when ftie beheld 
Claudine and Benjamin. The next day 
they fet out for Chamouny, where 
Mr. Belton, who was a Catholic, wiftied 
that the marriage might be publicly fo* 
lemnized in the parifti-church of Prieurt. 

'* In the evening the Curate of Salea- 
ches was fent to demand the hand of his 
daughter of the terrible M. Simon. Tha 
old man received him with great gravity* 
heard him without cellifying any joy* 



and gave hit confeot in very few words! 
Claudinc came to throw hprfelf at his 
feet i he allowed her to remain a few 
fecends, raifed her without a fmilcy and 
falutcd Mr. *Belton with great coolnefs. 
The good Nanette laughed and cried at 
the fame time. On tlic ro^d to church, 
ihc carried Henjamm on one hand* anJ 
i held her fitter with the other ; il'e two 
Curates walked before, and old Madam 
Felix behind with M- Simon j all the 
children of the village followed finging 

*' In this order they reached the church, 
where the ceremony waa performed by 
the Curate of Salcnchcs. Mr. Belton 
had tables covered on the banks of the 
Arva, where every gucft was welcome, 
and the whole village danced during 
fight d^ys. He bought fome good cllates 
for old M. Simon, but he refufcd co ac- 
cept of them. Nanette was not fo im- 

praflicable. She accepted of aa tSt^it^^ 
and a handfome houfe which Mr« Beltoa 
gave her, and is now the richtft and the 
happiefl woiran in the parilh. Mr* and 
Mrs. Belton went away in about a 
month t carrying with them the heae- 
di^ions of every body* T hey are now 
at London, where 1 underftand Ben- 
jamin has five or fix brothers and (ifters/* 

Such is their hiftory ; which I could 
not fhoiten, bccaufe I tried to tell it yon 
in the words of the Curate, whom I have 
often heard repeat it. If it has not 
pleafed you, you will excufc me* 

I thanked Francis Paccaid, affurin; 
him that his tale had intercfted me much* 
I defccndcd from Monranverdi with my 
head full of Claudine j and during my 
rtturn to Geneva I wrote this ftory as 
Paccard had iuld it me, without trying 
to corrc^ the many faults of ftylc which 
the Critics will no doubt difcover in iu 


nr HE Association for promoting 
- the Discovery of the interior 
Parts of Africa having received fome 
intelligence fince they pnnted their Pro- 
ceedings, have given an additional Chap* 
ter to them, from which we extrad the 
following information. 

An Arab of the name of Shabeni excited 
the attention of the Committee of this 
Society, by the account he eave of an 
empire on the banks of the Niger : for 
he faidy << that the population of HcufTa, 
jtB capital, where he refidcd two years, was 
equalled only (fo far as his knowledge ex- 
tended) by that of London and Cairo : 
and, in his rude unlettered way, he de* 
i'cnbed the government as monnichioal, 
yet not unlimited j its julllce as Cevcrc, 
but dirc6led by wriitcn laws j and the 
rights of landed property as guarded by 
the inftitution of c?:riain hereditary offi- 
cers, whofc fun6liou8 appear to be iimilar 
id the Caiiongues of Hindofiao, and 
whofe important and complicated (Uutes 
imply an unufual degree of civilization and 

♦* For the probity of their merchants he 
exprcfled the hi^heil relpeft j but re- 
marked with indignation (hat the women 
were admitted to lociety, and that the ho- 
nour of the huToand was often inltcure . 

*• Of their written alphabet he knew 
no more, than that it was perfe£Hy different 
from the Arabic and Hebi-cw chai a^lers } 
but he defcribed the art of writing as com- 

mon in HouflTa. And when he afled the 
manner ill which their pottery is niiade, he 
gave, unknowingly to himfeif, a repreibi- 
■tation of the ancient Grecian wheel, 

** In pairing to HouflTa from Tom- 
bu6loo, in which laft city he reljded leven 
years, he found the banks of the Niger 
more numeroudy peopled than thofe of 
the Nile from Alexandria to Cairo ; and 
his mind was obvioufly imprelTed with 
higher ideas of the wealth and finrandcur of 
the empire of Houfla, than of thofe of any 
kingdom he had feen, Eng^nd alone ex- 
cepted." , 

The exiftence of this city and cmph^ wit 
confirmed by letters from the Englifli 
cbiifuls at Tunis and Morocco j who 
ad'li'd, that the eunuchs of the feraglio at 
thoA' pLiccs vveic brought from the city of 

In oidu* to inveftigate the truth of 
thcfe acrounss, and to explore the origin 
and courfs; ot the Niger, Major Plough ton, 
Vvho, in I? 79, had aflcd under General 
Rooke as tort Major in the ifland of 
Goree, inulrincok to ptheirate to that river 
by tiie w^y of the Gambia. He was in- 
fti uiled to afcertain the courfe, and if polfi. 
bic the rili? and termination, of the Niger, 
and to viiit the cities of Tombu^oo and 

Ti)c Major left England on the 16th 
Oftcbel- 1790, arrived at the entrance of 
the Gambia on the 1 oth of November, 
atid was well received by the king of 

.,_.., ^oogle *^*™» 



B«iri» whom he had foronerly TiHted. 
He proceeded thence up the river to Jun- 
kiconda^ .where the Englifh have a fmall 
fadory. Here be purchafed a horfe and 
fire afleS) and orepared to pafs with his 
jaaxhaodize to Medina, the capital of the 
iaaaM Idngdom of WooUi. rrom foine 
words accidentally dropped by a Negro 
woroaa in the Mundingo languaj^e, he 
learnt, that a coi\fpiracy bad been formed 
againft his life by Ibme tradei's, who feared 
tfeit his expedition portended the, ruin of 
their commerce $ he therefore fwam with 
his horfe and aifes acrofs the Gambia, and 
proceeded, though with much difficulty, 
on the (ide oppoute to that which is ufually 
the route to the diftrici of Cantor, where 
he repaired the river, and was hofpitably 
entertained by the King of Woolli, at his 
capital Medina. 

This town is fituated about 900 miles 
by water from the entrance of the Gam- 
bia. The country abounds with com, 
cattle, and all things requifite for the fup* 
port, or ellential to the comforts, of life. 
The people are diltinguilhed, not di^vided, 
JDto two fe61s with regard to religion, 
Mahommedans and Deiits. The former 
arc called Buihreensy and the latter, from 
their drinicing with freedom wine and li- 
quor, which Mohammed prohibited, are 
called Sonikees, or drinking men. 

The Major^s difpatches to the Society 
from this place were loft } but in a letter 
to h.s wife, which a feaman prefen^ed from 
the wreck of the velTel, he defcribes his 
fituation as extremely agreeable — the 
country healthy, the people hofpitable, 
game abundant, and he could make his 
excurfions on horfeback in feeurity. 
Above all, he indulges in the idea of the 
advantaees that would attend the EngliOi 
by ere^mg a fort on tlit ialubrious and 
beautiliil hill of Fatetenda, where they 
once bad a fa^ory } and expreifes a hope 
that his wife will hereafter accompany him 
to a place in which an income of ten 
pounds a-year will fupport them in afflu- 
ence | and where, trom commerce, he 
imagines vaft wealth may be obtained. 

While he was here waiting for a native 
merchant, whofe company he bad en- 
gaged for the further proiecution of his 
journey, the g^reater part of Medina was 
deftroyed by tire, and with it feveral ar- 
ticles of meixhandize, to which he truftcd 
for defraying his expences. At the fame 
time his interpreter difappeared with his 
boric and three of his alles ; and to add 
to bis misfortunes, a trade gun, that he 
purchafed on the river, burft and wounded , 
him in the face and arnu The Inhabitants 

of the ndghbouriog town of Bamconda 
on this occaiion cheerfully opened their 
houfes to, more than a thoufand families, 
whofe tenements had been confumed, and 
anxioufly exerted themielves for Major 
Houghton*s relief. 

On the Sth of May the Major pro- 
ceeded on foot, in company with a flave* 
merchant, whoife fervants drove his two 
remaining aflfes, which carried the wreck 
of his fortune ; and journeying by a north* . 
ead courfe, he arrived in five days at the 
uninhabited frontier which feparates the 
kingdoms of Wouilt and Bondou. 

A journey of 1 50 miles through a coun* 
try before unvifited by Europeans, of 
which the population is numerous and ex- 
tenfive, and where his companion traded 
in every town, condu6ied him to thefouth- 
weitem boundary of the kingdom of Bani- 
bouk. This kingdom is inhabited by a 
nation whofe woolly liair and fable com* 
plexions denote them to be of the Negro 
race 1 but their character feems to be va« 
ried in proportion as the country rife« from 
the plains of its weftern dtvihon to the 
highlands on the eaiV. The people are 
here, as in the kingdoms of Woolli and 
Bondou, diliinguifhed by the tenets of 
Mohammedans and DetHs $ but they are 
equally at peace with each other, and mu- 
tually tolerate the refpe6live opinions they 

Agriculture and pallurage are the chief 
occupations of this people \ but they have 
made fufhcient progrefs in the arts to fmelt 
their iron ore, and fabricate from it the 
ieveral inHmments of hiifbandry and war. 
Cloth of cottop, which feems to be uni- 
verfallv worn, they appear to ^ave by a 
difficult and laborious procefs ; and hence 
probably it is, that the meafureof valve is 
not, as on the Atlantic coaft, a bar of 
iron, but apiece of cloth. The vegetable v 
food of the mbabitants is rice ; their ani- '" 
mal, beef and mutton. A drink prepared 
from feiinenced honey ft^plies the place of 
wine, and furnilhcs the means ot feftive 
entertainments, which conftitutc the prin- 
cipal luxury of the Court of Bambouk. 

Major H. ajrived at the rivei Faleme^^ 
which feparates the kingdoms of Bondou 
. and Bambouki jull at the termination of 
a war between thole kingdoms, by which 
the forraet- had obtained die ceflion of fome 
part of the tow lands belonging to the lat« 
ter ; ajid in thefe conquefts the King of 
Bondou redded. The Major haftened to 
pay his rel'pe£ts to the vi£lorious Prince, 
and offer him a prefent ; but he met with an 
ungracious reception. He was permitted 
to leave the preleut{ but ordered to repair 



to thefron^er town from whence he came } 
and the next day the King's Ton, with an 
«nned attendftncc, entered the houic where 
lie hnd taken up his abode, and took from 
kirn fuch articles as he chofe j particularly 
s blue coat, in which the M»jof hoped to 
have been introduced to the Sulun of 

Mnjor H. next fet out on a vifit to the 
King of Bambouk ; but unfortunately loft 
his way in one of the vail woods ot that 
country, and.thc wet feafon having com- 
menceaon the 4th of July, he was obliged 
to pafs the night on ground deluged by 
lain, wh'le the flcy exhibited that continued 
Waie of lightning which in thofe latitudes 
eftcn accompanies the tornado. This 
brought on a fever 5 and it was with great 
<lifficuhy that he reached the capital of Bam- 
bouk, after wading through the river Serra 
Coles, Of river of Gold, on the eaftern fide 
of which it fs firuated. On his arrival at 
this town, which is called Ferbanna, bis 
iever role to a height that rendered him 
delirious j but by the (Irength of his con* 
ftitution, and the kiodnefs of the Negro 
hanly to which he was condufied, he fcon 

From the King of Bambouk the Major 
»ct with a fiiendly reception 5 and he in- 
fonmed him, that the loffes which he had 
'iuftained in the war with Bondau arofe 
firfMn his having exhaufted his ammuni- 
tion $ the French having abandoned the 
Ibrt of St, Jofcph, and from fome caufe or 
other deferted the navigation of the upper 

part of the Senegal, he had no meant of 
replenifhing his (lores 5 whereas his enemy 
received from the EngHih, through the 
channel of his agents on the Gambia^ «. 
conftant and adequate fupply. 

The Major took this opportunity of rc- 
prefcnting to the Kmg the advantage of 
encouraging the Englilh to open a trade» 
by the way of his dominions, to the po* 
pulous cities on the banks of the Niger. 
This negociation was put a ftop to by^the 
commencement of an annual fcftival, at 
which the people fend prefents of mead 
to the King, which arc followed by in- 
temperate feltivity for fevcral days. Durw 
mg this the Major agreed with an old 
and refpe£lable merchant of Bambouk^ 
who offered to cany him to Toutbuctt>o 
ancj bring him back to the Gambia for 
125!. to be paid at their return by the Brr* 
tiih Faftory at Junkiconda. This pi2,ii 
was much approved of by the King, to 
whom the merchant was peribnally kii<Avn | 
and, as a mark of his efteem, and pletlgc 
of future friendship, he prelentcd Major 
H. at parting with a purfe of gold. 

With an account of his preparation* 
for this journey the Major clufes his dif- 
J)atch of the 14th of July ; and as no tur- 
iher advices had been received from htm 
by his correfpondent on the G;;mbia (Dr. 
Laidley) on the aid ot December laft, the 
writer of this narrative conchides that he 
had dtfcended the eaftern hills of Bam- 
bouk, and proceeded on his journey t% 




For SEPTEMBER 1792. 

^uid/it turpe$ quid utile, quid dulce, quid non. 

Sir Thomas More. A Tragedy. By the Author of the Village Curate, and other 
Poems. 8vo. 2$. Jobnfon. 1792. 

'THOUGH the Author of this v^ry 
pleafmg performance calls it a 
Traj;tdy, we knqw not that it can whh 
any propriety be To denominated* It 
contains no intric&cy of plot, no per- 

plexity of fituation, but confifls of a fcriea 
of fcenesf defciibing the domeAic con- 
du£l of Sir Thomas More and his family 
in a manner which arrets the attention 
of the Rcaderi and gives rife to rcfl<c» 

.^ uont 


tions highly gmifymg to a cultivated 

We caanot> howevert approve the 
manner in which the chjfraacr of Aiin 
Bullen is depi<fled, fo different from the 
teftimony of every hiftoi Jan. She is here 
Tcprefcnted at a fangqinary Hcrodias, 
thirfting for Wood, and eager to take ad- 
vantage of the wcaknefs of her defpi- 
caWc paramour Henry Vlli. to the de- 
ftmaion of the amiable Lord High 
Chancellor, whofe charadler is here ex- 
hibited in a point of view which muft 
aommaod both refpeft and admiratioo. 

A« a fpecimen of this performance we 
ihali give the following cxtrafts.— 
Cecil ia» the youngcft daughter of Sir 
Thoroai More, being indire^ly cenfured 
by her ^ther for imprifoning *• the poor 
buiteffly and bird," thus defends her 
ciiDdud c 

CECILIA, rififig. 
Sir, 1 perceive thai Jady is Cecilia. 
i^ me acquit myfelf. You have been 

Into the litUc boxes on my Ihrlf. 
Vou fownd in nioft a butcerfly or moth. 
1 have not cheated them of one fmall liok^ 
Of native liberty. I found rhero all 
Jttft at Che ciofeof Autumn ; travelling foroey 
Mere barralerc caterptllan, to find Ihcltor 
From tbe keen breath of aU-confuminr 

Some cia^eU io a warm ingaoiout (hell. 
And MlenM to the wiodowB. To them all 
I ieot a fblt'ring iiand, made them warm 

Of wool and cotton, foand them e*h a 

And pleas 'd as Pharaoh's daughter to preferve 
The little friendlds Hebrew, day by d^y 
Waifh'd ttie return of fcarce. apparent life, 
9Q(hiiii*d for Aonihs by noibmr. At the 

Each from bit tomb arofe, fuperbJy cloth'd, 
And mounting 00 a pair of boauceous wings 
Itk me rejoiciog. For the prifon'd bird, 
*Tis a poor goklfinch that I bought by chance 
Of cruel boys who flole it from the neft. 
tt oooid not ay, and 1 had much to do 
To find the food it lik'd. I fed it long, 
And, when I tbougbt it fladg'd, unlocked tba 

And bado k fly away. It flew, indeed. 
But had not heart to leave me, percbtog ftiU 
Vpoa my htad, my (boulder, or my band. 
And oft returning to the cage it left. 
It bad been cruel to have forc'd it out. 
«• wbea tbe day U dear, and pais wiih^ 

ItpW tf my wiadowi and my age. 


Faflcn my door, and bid it go or (Uy 
E*eo ail it pleafes. While I read withte« 
It never leaves me. When I ftray abroad. • 
I often find k in the garden walk, 
Hopping from branch to braocb, happy t* 

Ck>fe at my 6H^ And ftiU at my mom 
I meet it in my chamber, or alone 
Or by a friend attended, whom its touiM 
Advifes to be bold, b<it pleads in vais. 
For yet it lives unqaated. • • 

-The Fourth Aft begins in the follow^ 
ing manner: 


fTbcFumrai Proci^n of S,r John Moaa, 
followed by Sir Thomas and all Ut 
Family, j^i ibey procctd, Sir Thomas 
Jtepi afdt, tf«^ Margaret /o^/owx biwt. 
The reft go out and leave them, 

AV, come, my child. We will not to tha 

For 'tis a painful thing to fee interred 
Thofe we have lov'd, iho* they depan k 

I wi(h Cecilia too had ftept afKJc. 
She knows not whatjt is to fee the earth 
Clofe on the friend we muft no more beboU. 


•Twill grieve her moft acutely. I was prefcot 
When hecxpir'd, and 'twas a moving fight 
To fee with what foliciiude Ihe cheer'd 
His fenfible departure. On her brpw 
Sat anxious Pityand"affiduous Hope, 
And almoft charm'd the gradual death awaf 
With filcnt foft perfuiifion . At her looks 
Sir John himfeJf was pieas'd, and with a 

As if to die were eafy as to flcep, 
Expir'd approving in his elbow chair. 

May all our exits be as fmooth as his. 
See, what a bicffing 'tis to die in peace i ' 
To leave the world, and feci no fccret ftii^ 
From a reproving coofcicnce. What is 

To him who meets it with an upright heart ? 
A quiet haven, where his (hatter'd bark 
Harbours fecure, till the rude ftorm is paCk. 
Perhaps a paffage, overhung with ctouds 
But at its entrance, a few leagues beyond 
Opening to kinder flcics and milder funs. 
And feas pacific as the foul that fecks theni« 


And what is death. Sir, if the little peace - 
Of life's tumultuous eve be chac'd away 
By reco|le<^ion of improper deeds 
And duties not p«rforra'd. Awful jtt 


Jigitized by 




To bimwho VMW8 ic evVy 4tif bo livtt 
Wkb growing apprehenfion. 

Yes» my child j 
Therefore «rm yeu and I be hoiieft ftill, 
Tho* we die beggars. For no word or d?ed 
SbaU oor good boartt accufe us* We will 

Ko man's opprtfCor^ but the friends of all. 
And dooor^uty the' we die in Itraw. 
They dbme from cborcb. Let*s ftep afide 

a*while. • 
Soon as the aiOes are cleared we*ll enter 

I wUh to fee where my good father fleeps. 

SCENE changti to tbc IiJjJe of the Church. 
Rg-tmttr Sir Thomas and Marc are t. 

^ See where he lies. The race of life is ron, 
* And here be fleeps *or ; gw. Ninety years 
Alive and active was the Hlent corpfe 
That rcfts within this grave. How wonder- 
ful ! 
Tliai the refulting heart For fo long time , 
Shoold dance onwevriedy and Um hear at lafl 
With vifible reliiftance— that the blood. 
Refrained by temperance, fhould up and 

Trivd fo merrily, and hardly paufe 
£*eo in a century. Paufe ic will at bft, /. 
And we awxH all lie down and kifs the diUl ' 
As well as this good man who (lumbers here. 
Simple or noble, indigent or rich, 
This is our borne. Ay, there thy mother 

She was the moft deferving of hrr fex | 
Thy fooliftj father (hed a woi M of tears 
When he theicplac'd her. M^rg Vet, when 

I die, 
As I am (ickly in cftate and !ita!(h. 
Lay roe befide her. I would re(l 'my 

Under this very fpot. Mark it with care. 
And when I'm buried, let a ftonc be placed 
Juft here, upon your mothcr*$ grave and 

That Iiere at lead we may be undifttith*d ; 
A plain fmooth Aone without embelli(hmcnt« 
And not disflgur*d will) a v^in accouiu 
Of virtues more than mortal e*er pofllefs'd. 
Let it tell truth, And tell ic in few words, 
better to fay too little U»an too much. 
I have a fliort infcription '.n my deilc \ 
%ben we go bome^ TU fei»rch and give it 

Why weeps my daughter^ Child, if I 
am fad, 
' Let it not grieve you. I hare many cares 
Yon bftTt not beard of. 

' Let n^ knour IheWy Sr^ 
Trouble is ever lightksnM by tofllplsliiC. 
Reveal the grief that preys upon your hearty 
And it iball half expire. 


Why fboQld I teU it ? 
^Twill make thee wretched cho* k atfet im. 


Not more fo than I am, when thus aflbr'd 
Something affli^ you, and 1 kiM>w not 

Perhaps I (hall enhance the latent ill, 
And be more wretched while it li«8 eon* 

Than when it is made kpt^n. 


Child, 1 onoft fait. 
I cannot with integrity fupport 
My ruin'd fortunes. To efcapc from wadi 
I rouft be cruel to a virtuous foul. 
To a deferted widow without friends, 
Tho* all-dciierving. 


Sooner tet tis want 
Life's nsceflary ble/Trngs, bread to eat, 
A houfe to hve in, clothes to cover us, 
As»d beds to deep on. 


There my daaghcsr fpoke» 
I will defy the hardefl lot of life. 
Cao'il thou belteve it, MaigVet, that tte 

Gave roe the noble office which I hold, 
<)Bly to bribe n>e, to procure my voice 
Aftainft poor Catharine ? And Ihall I five k } 
No ) tho' it roufe bis anger mduntaln high, 
A*«d for my loyally 1 lofe my head. 
There is bet one thing ttiat withholds my 

Making me cautions how I give offence, 
Add His indeed a circumltance that grieves 

me : 
*Ti8, tha: our fortunes are fo iiirerwovea. 
The bUw that ruins me will min you ; 
WiM fenfibiy at!e£t my innocent houfe, 
And make my children beggan hkemyfriC 

Sir, let it not diflurb you, 


I would fall, 
God knows how wittini^ly, and beg say 

Rather than trsfpefs ere the King desires. 
Biit hoiv (h.dl I requite it to my diildren 7. 
Do.'icy depends upon mr.> My own fon 
Has nothing yet to live on ; .thott tisft 

My eathrr could not help- Bt. All M lad 
Go«s to his widow ere it corner to os. 
My Udy Alice will Xitm no fufpttl* 

Digitized by Google ^'^ 



Wt fkA bt ft a rt fei M litwthe i^rrM ilock» 
Aad tich noil feek for Ibelter with her 

Sn Hmft retire with-Rqper to hit fam. 
ilto muft with Heron to hit ratber'«« 
The little I have left m^d be heftow'd 
6n Latff ikKce, Dancy, and Elisa. 
Jobo afid myfelf mod (Unre, or be Coateot 
To MTD by labour every meal we eat. 

OnrSir, yon break my heart* 6» more 

compot d« 
Oor nttle fortunes wUi be wealth enough* 
Scad l>Ricy to his father*!. Too and John 
Aikl Lady Alioe» conoe and live with us. 
Or let OS hire adjoinihg houfef , fmall 
And 6iited to our inconnet. 


S(i we will* 

I wiO not part from my whole happihefs. 
Thn* cruel fortune fcatier all the reft, 
Mar{VeC IhaU be my hope aod conofort (till. 

We win be modeft io our wants, d'ifcharge 
An bat one Cervant each, live on plain diet| 
And nicely manage our exhaufted means. 
We wiB dion pleafure and ezpenfive drefs, 
And live fecluded from the public eye, 
Contoited tho' reduced. We will not iiOc 
The D«|hbour or the ftranger to our boards 
But deal away to folitodeand books, 
neM*d with the memory of triumphant 

And poverty preferrM to vicious wealth. 

II yc^oor waott are more than we can feed^ 
We will be unattended. My own hand 
Sail do the houfe-wife's work, ibali fp>n 

Aiid*ain by ksdofiry fufBctent bread. 


Mf moll deferviiig daughteri Ihou wail 

To teach thy fsther virtue. I was fad. 
But thefweet patienee of thy pioas heart 
Revives and gives me comfort. Yes, 1*11 fo^ 
And gladly bid fiirewell to courts and prinees* 
Poor we moft be, but we will ftill be juft^ 
Aod Ihre upon the hope of better days. 
We will prefumethe Author of Events 
Approves of oor endeavours, acMl perhaps 
Yet ere we come to forrow and the gravei 
Will Mefs our patiencs with an eafier lot. 
Come, we will hence conunted. For my 

Let us eftecm him happy that he died. 
He Caw our glory> and withdrew in pea€t» 

00 to my Lady. Tell her my intent. 
Reveal it to your fitlers. Honef^ girls, 
They wiU be griev'd to hear how fooD wt 

Tell thy unwelcome (lory by degrees, 
And mingle comfort with it. 1*11 to eourt^ 
And when we meet again* meet ttie with 

Tho^ I return as poor as t was bom. 

1 fliilt not be long ahfent. Wolfey*t ftMM* 
His matter was his heir before he died, 
^d I expea to find him at York.plaoe. 

After thcfe extra6l8 we believe ouf 
Readers will be j;lad to Ut the whole 
pcrformancet which, with the exci'ptioa 
already made* and fome few vulgarifms 
in the chara^er of Henry, which we 
could have wiflied bad been omitted, 
we can recommend to their perufal* 

The Author is faid to be Mr. Tames 
Hurdis, Curate of Burwaih in Suffex. 

Poems; chiefly by Gentlemen of Devonfhtre and Cornwall. In Two Volumes. 
Price 7S. 6d. Crutwell, Bath. 

f Occluded fmn Pagt 130.) 

And as the fierce Arabian batids 

npHS lecond volume of this Colie^ion 
^ «pens with LYRIC pieces, chiefly by 
Mr. Pohrhdc, among which the << Ode 
to Sleep,** " Ode wntten after a Thun- 
der Storm,** " Ode written in a Pifture- 
Gallenr,** " Mona,*' " Ode to the River 
Coly,'* ahd «« Ode on the Stifcepdbility 
of the Poetkal Mind,** are, we think» 
pecuUarlv elegant. In the *< Ode written 
after a llmnder Storm/* this paCage it 
liondcrfttlly AibKoie t 

•• Pefl at the |:f jfly lion prowls^ 
Ton defotaciog whirlwind howls 

O'er Africk*s favage waftc; 
Save Whererhc billowy horrors fail, . 
In fokiy fkinnofs ilecps the gale, 
Aod if AttHadt air brttthes, h breathes a 

Guide o*er immeafurable fands 

The camel*s burning way ; 
Behold the raging Samiel rifef 
Pafs in pale pomp athwart the fkies. 
Shake his pelliferous wing aod rufh to feiit 
bis prey. 

His giant ftrides forvey— his htfad 
;Half- viewksia in a cloOd of red. 
Ah ( Death was in that grafp t 
• To earth they fall :-«na thunders boaHei 

He riora o'er each (hriveird corfe^ 
Caficbcs the expiring groan, and fldlic the 
envenom*d gafp." 

The whole «' Ode to the Coly,'' had 
wt room» ftiould be inferttd* j[^' 

« Ah 



«< Ah ibetbioc ftream, wbofe momivn 

Meet, yd acaio, my pcnfive car» 
That waiKfer*ft down thine ofi' r'd vrf#, 
Wbere PafluiR breath*d ber meUing ulc | 
Thy evening banlu, to mem.Hry f»veet, 
I fondly trace with pilgrinn feei \ 
Here, ftealing throngh tl^ willow (hade 
That quivered oV niy charming maidy 
Full oft hath youthful ardour prcft 
The bloom of love on Laura's breaft. 
While to the language of her eve* 
Tliat beavhag bofom bloibM in ughsT* 

In the '« Ode op the Sufceptihilityof 
the Pociicdl MJpd," Mr.Polwhele iccms to 
be fondly enamoured of the beauties of 
nature. 'His portraljp of female beauty 
arc warmly coloured i 

*• Lieht, as on air, her fteps ndvance— 
Others may gaz;? with pl^afurM eye ; 

He cafts a mort enaaiourM s^^"<^^» 
Hs breathes a more del cious 6gh." 

— ~** If a Lauica*3 glance fo meek, 

So gentle, fo retir*d an air, 
Her native lovelincf^ Ijefpeak; 
• While, as the radiance of ihc ftar 
That foftly gilds the evenins-dsw, 
Her*s is a trembling luftre loo ; 

O, if her heart fuch feeling breathe, 
Sa tender as her blafties tell, 

Wis hand fliall weave a mod<»a wreath, 
To fuit her timid fwectnefs v/ti! ; 

And ever, to ber worrh awakt, 

Shall guard it for his Laura's fake.*' 

The " Stanzas to Care," by Mr. 
fewete, improperly ft y led an Odf, fcrvc 
6nly to remind us of the onginal which 
fnvgefted them. The «« Four Odes on 
puWic Occalions," arc cldfica land fpirit- 
ecL Neither Mr. Warwick's ** Song of 
Blondcl," nor the " Ode occafiontd by 
the Death of Prince Leopold,*' iultify the 
Editor^s paaiality to this Gentleman as a 
Poet. The " Bracelet to Eliza,** by Mr. 
Weion, fbould have remained in quiet 
pofrcffionof the.faid Lady. From Mr. 
WIutaker*s noble Ode entitled "Virtue," 
twc extra£l with pkafure the following 
Stanzas :— — they are flowing and 
«< Though bcaoty brighten* in yon evening 

That gilds ail nature with a lively gleam $ 
Though bcaocy dances on the fparkling rill, 
Tfa# fteals, fweet wandering, round yon 

•eaftem hill^ 
Tbott^ beauty cknhes the velvet lawn bdow, 
And bids yon fleecy clouds with golden 
edgings glow $ 

bird's fpray. 
Swells the wild triUi and fbotbes the dyii« 


Though fragrance wfntons o'er this op^uag 

This whitening hawthorn, or this wood- 
bine bower--- 
• In vain to Vice the radiant landfcape glowi, 

The night-biid warbles, or the woodbine 

For thee the brighter roornmg fpreadt 
The luftreof her dewy meads 5 
For thee fhe wakes each modefl grace 
That erimfons on her maiden face j 
For ihce her warbler tempts th' aerial way. 
Rides on the dawning cleuds^ and pours his 
living lay.** 

Among the Pastoral Pieces, Df- 
Downmun's ** Milon and Damctas, from 
Gcffncr,** is a genuine offspring of the 
Sicilian Poet. Mr. Drewe*s Paftorals arc 
excellent, whether ferious or humoroat. 
His *« Half-pcera Turnip,'' and his 
•* Paftond Ballads," arc admirabll 
parodies- of Shcnftonc : 

<* Hail, gentle Shcnftonc I Prince ol Nmibf 

Bleft he ihyLaik,thyLinnct, and thyLamby.** 

«( My beds are all ruruiili'd with deas« 

UHiofe biiings invite me to fcratchj 
Well (tock'd arc my orchards vtrtth jivg, 

And my pigftics white over virith thatch, 
«« 1 felHom a pimple have met, 

Such health doe<: roagneOa beflow; 
My horfepood is border'd with wet, 

Where the flap.docks and ftinf-iictcks 

In Mr. Polwhclc's << Cottage Giri,** 
there is ibme good rural painting t- 
*' Sweet to the fond poetic eye 
The evening cloud chat wanders by | 
Its tranfitory (hadow pale 
Brufliing, fo ftdl, ttie purpled vale! 
And fweet, beyond the mifty ftream, 
The wild-wood's icatter*d toltiogt g^^M^t 
(Where the horison fteals from flgfat) 
CeoI-tiu^or*d in the fainting light 1\* 

This little piece, however. wtirt» « 
friyh. " Jttft lit theUght of rufti,'' it •« 
— " My true love's fcythe the crop flisH 
mow,** trite—" As conftant as ^wa 
waft to love,*' inharmonious j—noT do wc 
think •* the ruddy ftreak CplofffiAg the 
fhadows at day-break," is from naluft* 

The Heroic Piecis confifk ovitf ot 
<* Claudiaft*s Rape of Profcipuie,'^ a« 



trtiflbted by Mr. PoIwhcJc, and *« Lines 
written en viewing Improvcinents at 

P^'nes-Houfe,** by Mr. Entetr^ The 
Vfrfification of ** The Rape of Profcr- 
pkic*^ IS harmonioiM : 

" Kow ^uri(h*d^ ripe for Iove> th« virgin't 

Tbft eonfcious blu(hes» and the foft alarms ; 
Tfae i]uick.slancd fmUe of half-repreH 

And the (hon figh that fpoke the rifing fire.'* 

** FJy^let each ihrtib in genial breezes 

And brightening flowers bru^he incenfe as 

they blow. 
Rob^d in inferior blooms, inferior (hade,. 
• Pile at my glories ev*n let Hybla fade.^* 

" She ceased, and Zephyr, o*er the blooms 

of SpHogf 
Shook tfa» 4ich nedar from his ilreaming 

Wherever he flatter*d» midft the gliftenlng 

Od ail the groand a vernal brightnefs flew ; 
SweU*d witti rich verdnre the luxuriant fail, 
And with a wider arch the Heavens fercneiy 


TheEFisTLEs, three only In mmiber, 
have as little relemblance to each .other as 
Mafon's Cai-a^acus to the Heroic Epiftle. 
The" Epiaic to a Young Lady" «' flows 
with Aaftcy-eafe"— U is light and airy. 
•^— ** Firft, to behold the fweet beauties 

Shall AH^dycmtas rife from the wave ; 
Wuie, to heigbten (be pomp of her favoorite 

The way fliaU be (catterM with mother-of- 

Wherever your chaife- wheels have imprinted 

the road, 
The miners wUb eafe fliall difcover a lode ; 
The common around yon fliall fuddenly 

And vie with GiHibiUy for beaotiful broom.*' 

The ^Epiftie from an UnUergradiiate'' 
contains much poignant fatire and pi£lu- 
refque delioeation i and the << Epiftle to 
Dr4)owninan" is feelingly deib-iptive of its 
aollMr^f iUneft. Aj>PILSS5SS» by Emett, 
BtMcd^ J[>owniiian» and Wbitaker, aie 
ii^Mngan^ particularly the lafl. The 
ficftflf'iSKj^iiiiKTSy by Mr.Emett, is 
a^MtifiA^fl^qg piaure. Of the tei» 
^^'Plil|'M»gtWWMlcu> by Mr. Polwbele» 
th:^ ^ Sf^Jit^kt^ .Maria has the moft 

** Ah fhy dear babe! thou fmilefl on the 
That hjngs upon thy mothoi's fading 
chick ; 
Eager, as ihi»u wcrt wont, her voce to bear- 
But her hean twclb with g»ief loo full to 
f|>eak. ' ;^' 

* ris for thy brmh-rs, in the fame'coW bed. 
She weejJs. 0*er one the wintry ftorm 
hath jwrt : 
And there a not her rel^s hi» little bead 

Fredi pillow d. But they feel not the 
kesn W-*ft ! , 
OVr their pale turf the whUlling winds may 
fwccp — 
Uiicoiircltjusof the tsmpeft they repofe : 
There, undiilurb'd, Iwccl Innocents ! tliey 
From human paflions frisei from human 
Yes, dear Maria ! they, my Babe, are free 
From ills ih»t wait^ perhaps, in (Hire for 
iliee 1" 

Five Sonnets by Mr. Swete, exprefs 
the feniiments they are intended to con- 
vey not unpleafingly. But they arc in- 
corre^. In his f\ri\ Sonnet the imagery 
is a little confufeci : his fecond confiits of 
twelve lines only : in his third there are 
" ncedleft Alexandrines :" in his fourth 
and fifth, fienf and fien, thrown and 
throne, are intended for rhymes. Incor- 
rect itefs in fuch a little compofition is 
inexcu fable. The Sonnet figned V. with 
the Note annexed abound with perfona- 
lilies and local aiiufions which we do not 
comprehend. Both Mr. V. and Mr. P. 
would have a6led mere wifely in refbain- 
iiig their cxpreflions of reftntment to their 
own neighbourhood. All Mr. Warwick't 
Sonnets are good ; and tht concluding 
Line*, figned Y. are pretty. With re- 
fpe£l to the Song 8^ the (ixtb, which it 
the molt poetical, is not, however, the 
moft decent, 'i^he eighth Song» figned 
W. D. to Mifs S. is very pleating t and 
the beft ot the Epitaphs is the Tran- 
flation of Bifliop Lowth's Epiuph on hia 
Daughter, with the fignature aHo of 

Thus have we r^fularly made our pro- 
grefs through both volumes of this eugoftt 
publication, for fuch is iu general cha.' 
ra£ter. Without a minute examination, 
it would have been impofllble to. convey 
an adequate idea of fo noifceilaneout a 
work \ aud we prefier extmfts to elabo-. 
rate criticifm : our remarks, have, there- 
lbe» been fliort^d decifive. To be ena- 
bled to judge of their propriety, wc refer 
our readers to tlie work itfelf, which. 



tbough ihtit he' fome pnlcendy threads in 
}t, 18 jBnflv manufiaaured. Wc are not 
bcre diigulu^ vrith the purpureus fatmm 
attached to an homeipun piece ; No— this 

b the Robe of Purpled and ttt ttstore, if 
jt appear not tmifornily good on a very 
elole infpe^ion, i«» at a little dUiance, 

The Life of Samuel Johnibn, LL. D. Comprehending an Account of liis Studies and 
numerous Works, in chronological Order \ a i^ertes of bit Epillolary Correfpondenoi 
and ConVerfations with many Eminer^ Perfons ; and various Oii^nai Pieces of his 
Compofitiouy never before publfftivd. The whole exhibiting a Vasw of Litenitiure 
and Literary Men in Great Britain, for near half a Century, during whtck ht 
fiouriOied. By Jam£$ JtoswSLLy £ii|. a Vols. 4to* al. as. Dilly. 

{ Contmuedfr9mFagf 11%, ) 

Vj R. BOSWELL having engaged in 
*^^ the fervke of his renowned friend 
fo powerful a patron ^s the Lord High 
Chancellor of Great Britain, very ra- 
tionally emertained the higheft hopes of 
fuccefsy and at a confidential dinner at 
the houfe of Sir Jofiiua Reynolds, the 
friendly triumtiraie indulged their con- 
jcAures, whether munificence would be 
difptayed in one large donation, or in an 
ample increaie of Johnfon's penfion* 
But thefe fond hopes, alas ! were difap- 
pointed; an event of which Mr. Bofyvell, 
%yho was at this time abfent from Lon- 
don> relates the following intereftiog 
particulars : 

<* I remained one day more in town^ 
ta have the chanpe of talking pvcr my 
negoeiatioa with the Lord Chancellor, 
but the ronltiplicity of his Lord (hip's 
iBDportant engagements did not allow of 
jt } fo I left the management of the 
bufineis in the hands of Sir Jolhua Reyt 
nolds. On the 6th of July i784t 
Johnibn wrote to ^if Jofhua as follows i 

^* I am going, I hope, in a few days, 
to cry the air of Derby ih ire, but hope 
to lee you before I go. Let roe, however, 
ncttnotf to you what I have much at 
heart* Ifthe Chancellor (hould continue 
hit attention to Mr. Bofweli's rcqueft^ 
aad confer with you on the means of 
relieving my langid ftate, I am very de- 
i^ous to avoid the appearance of alking 
iBoney upon falfe pretences I defire you 
to reprefem to his Lord (hip, what, as foon 
as it 19 fuggcf^ed, he will perceive to be 
rra^iiable t That >f 1 grow tnuch worie I 
ihall be afraid to leave my phy(iciaAt, to 
fuftr the inconveniences «>f travel, and 
pine ia the (oiitude of a foreign country > 
^That if i grow mueb better, of which 
indeed there is now iiide appearance, I 
iball not wi(h ta leave my friends and. 
my doroeftic oomfprts ; for I do not trava)- 
iforpl«diifcorcimofi«yi yet if I (hould 

recover, curio(ity would revive— In my 
prefent ftate, I am defirous to make ai 
ftruggle for a little longer Itfe, and hope 
to obtain fome help from a fofter cli- 
mate. Po for me what you can.'* He wrote 
to me J uly 26 s ** I wi(h your affairs could 
havepermitted a longer and continued ex* 
ertion of your zeal and kiodnefs* They 
that have your kindnefs may want yqur 
ardour. In the mean time I am very 
feeble^ ^nd very dejected.** 

** By a letter from Sir Jo(hua Reynolds 
I was informed, that the I.ord Chan- ■ 
cpilor had called on him, and acquainted 
him that the application had nut been 
fuccef«ful; bat that his L6rd(h!p» after 
fpeaking highly in praife of Johnfon, 
as a mi|n who was an honour to' hit 
country, defircd Sir Jo(hua to Ic^ him 
know, that on granting a mortgage of 
his peniion, he (hould draw oq his 
Lord (hip to the amount of five or (tx 
hundred pounds ; and that his Lordfliip 
explained the meaning of the mortgage 
to be> that he wiffaed the buGnefs to be 
eondo^led in fuch a manner as that J>r« 
Johnfon (hould appear to be under the 
leaft poffible obligation. Sir Jofiiua 
mentioned* that he had bv the fame poll 
ooounisnicated all this C9 Dr. Johnfon. 

** How Johnfon was a(ic£led upon 
the occa6on will appear fram what he 
wrote to Sir Jo(hua Reynolds : , 

*< Aflhrnhme^ Sept. 9. 

" Many words I hope ^re not necef* 
(kry beiwectf you and me, to conrince 
]M>u what gratitude is excited in my 
heart by the Chancellor's iibecalily, and 
your kind oA^es. •••••• 

*' I have cndofed a letter to tile 
Chancellory which, when you hav« read 
it» you will be pleafed to feal with a 
head, or any other general leal, and cow- 
^ it- to him > had I (ent it direMy to 
hiniy I ihould haire fceate^ to overlo^ 
the fgnmraf ym iMfttMHto*** 

Jigitized by V^- ^ ^, j. ^^ 




** To tbc LpRX> High Chanc£llo&. 

•• AFTER a Ibnf and not inattentivd 
obCenanoo of mankind, the gonerolicy 
^f your Juordibip's offer raifes m me 
not lefs wonder ihair jjntitude. Bounty 
fo liberally heftowed I (hould gladly 
receive* if myconditioa made it ncccf- 
fary 9 for to fuch a mind, who would 
not be proud to own his obli^tions? 
But it has pleated God to reftore me to fi* 
great a meafure of health, that if J ihouid 
now appropriate fu much of a fortune 
dcftined to do good« I could not efcape 
from myfelf the charge of advancing a 
falfe claim. My journey to the conti- 
■cm»jhough I once thought it neccffaryi 
ivas never much eocouraKcd by my 
ph)liciaDSi and 1 was very defirous that 
your Lordibip fhould be told of it 
by Sir Joibua Reynold t» as an event 
Vf;ry uncertain; for if I grew much 
better* 1 ihouid not be willing* if much 
worfe, not able, to migrate. Your 
Lprdihip was firft foUcited without my 
knowledge { but, when ,1 was told that 
jou were pleafed to honour nrie with your 
patronage* I did not exped to hear of a 
refufal; ycti as I havehadnolong timeto 
brood hope, and have not rioted* in 
imaginary opulence, this culd reception 
has been fcarce a difappointment* and 
from your L«>rd(hip*s kindnefs I have 
reciived s( benefit, which only men like 
you are able to bellow. 1 (hall now live 
mihi carioTt with a higher opijiion of 
my own merit. 

** I am* my Lord, 

** TourLordfliip's moft obliged, 
** Mod ^rrateful, and 
*' Aloft humble fervant* 
^Sepi'i^H' **Sam.Johnson.'» 

<« Upon thii unexpeAed failure I abftaio, 
from prefuminz to make any remarks* 
or offer any conjeftiy^.'* 

U would be iBJuftice not to record 
another inftance of extraordinary libe- 
rality of friendship t— Dr. Johnfon, in a 
converfation upon this fubjedt wiiii his 
two ronfidemial friends, ** told us,*' fays 
Mr. Bofwell, '' that Dr. Brocklciby bad 
Qpon this occafion offered him a hundred 
a year for his life: a gf^teful tear ftarted 
into his eye as he fpoke this in a faultering 
lone/' In this f^rt of the work Mr. 
Bof^ll takes occ^/Wm to point out the 
gioft ioacouracietytagire them no woifaa 
ftMie,of Mn.Thrale's '* AoKdocetof Dr. 
Johnlbi^^* aad* to praveni moral nscric 
%« M^ telnral by vitf tti or BcglieMc 

mifrcprcfentation^we fliall inrertthefo]Iow>* 
inj; iflftince. To rcprcfcnt Dr JohnfoH 
very deficient iji affcaion, tenderncfs, or 
even common civility, "When lone day,"* 
fnys Mrs. Thrale, *' lamented the lofs of 
a tirft-coufin killed in America) ** Pr'jihee^ 
my (iron ' /«/V/ hfy ** bai/e done iviti 
^canlitrj^ ; h(nu w^uid the <worU be tht 
ivorfe for ity I may ajk, if all your rela • 
tions nx^ere at on.eJpiU'd like larks^ and 
roojird f.r Preltos fu per ?* Prejl^ 
was she (/o^ thr.t lay under ihe table 
while we tMhJ.* '* I fufped this too,'* 
fays Mr. B. ** of cxaagcraiion and dif* 
tortion. I allow that he made her an 
angry fpccch 3 but let the cireumftance 
faiily appear, as told by Mr. BareUit 
who was pre Cent : ' 

** Mrs. 1 hrale* while Tupping very ' 
heartily upon larks, laid down her knife 
and lork, and abruptly cxclHimed* 
'* O! my dear Mr. Johnfon, do you 
know what has happened? The laft 
letters from abroad have bmuj/ht us ' 
an account that our poor couiin's head 
was taken off by a cannon*balI John- 
fon, who was (hocked both at the fa^» 
and her li^ht unfeeling manner of men- 
tioning it, replied* •* Madam, it would 
give you very liiiic concern if all yout^ 
relations were fpitied like thofc Urks> 
and dreft for Prefto's fuppcr.'* 

In a note fubjoined to this obrervatinn 
we have the following anecdote of acelc* 
b rated chara£ler : 

** Upon my mentioning this*'* (ays 
Mr. B. '< to my friead Mr. Wilkes, her 
with his ufual readinefs* plcafantly 
matched it with the fallow iDgy^^T/Zm^if- 
ial anecdote. He was invued by a 
young man of faihion at Paris to fu|» 
with him and a lady, who had been for 
fomc time his mtftrefstbut with whom h#- 
was going to part. He faid to Mr. 
Wilkes that he realiy felt very much for 
her* (he xvas m fuch diftiefs* and tltat 
he meant to make her a prcfeni of two 
h*indicd Louis d ors. Mr. Wilkes ob* 
fcrved the behaviour of Mad«nioifelle» 
who fjghed indeed very piteoufly, and 
affumed every pathetic air of grief j but 
eat no lefs than three French pigeons, 
which are as lar^ as Engliih partridges^ 
helidcs other things. Mr. Wilkei whif- 
pcrtd the geotleman, " W« often fay ia 
Bngiind, Excrfi^;tforrow is exeeeding^ 
dryt but I never heard txce/ive furrow 
h exc^edittff fimt^^rjh ftrhaps me 
hundred will do.'' The geatleman took 
tbo hioc." 
MaImis to ftlliOMM^ the puigt of 

Jigitized by VjOOJv.^ dif? 



^ftppointcd hopc,ana the forrowful fick- 
nefsdfold age, made an excurfion into 
the North ; but wc difcovcr, by a variety 
of letters which he wrote to feveral 
friends during; his abfence, that he at- 
tempted in vain, as he cxprcflcd it, " fo 
run a race with Death, ** On his' rctu i n 
he vifited> for che laft time, his native 
citv, and as he had now very faint hopes 
of recovery, and Mrs. Thrale was no 
longer devoted to him, it might have 
been fuppofed that he would naturally 
hnve chofen to remain in the comfort- 
able houfc of his beloved wife's daughter, 
?iDd end his life where he began it ; 
•*■ But,*' fays Mr. B. *' there was in hira 
t a6 animated and lofty fpirit*, and how 
ever complkated difeafes might deprcfs 
ordinary mortals, all who faw him be- 
held and acknowledged the inviSum 
d^imum Catonis' Such was his imel- 
Jeftual ardour even at this time, that he 
iaid to one friend, '* Sit, I look upon 

every day to be loll in which I do ndr 
make a new acquaintance*" And to an- 
other, when talking of his illncfb, '* 1 
will be conquered, I will not capitulitc-" 
And fuch was bis love of LondoD, fo high 
a reliOi had he of its magnificent extent^ 
and variety nf intelle^ual entertainment, 
that he languifhed when abfent from it { ' 
his mind having become quite luxurious 
from the long habit of enjoying the 
metropolis ; and therefore^ although at 
Litchfield furroundcd with friends who 
tored and revered him, and for whom 
he had a very Hncere aife£lion, he ftili 
found, that fuch converfation as London 
affords, could be found nowhere dfe. 
Thefc feelings, joined probably to fomc 
flattering hopes of aid from the emineiit 
phyficians and furgeons in London, who 
kindly and generouily attended hkn 
without accepting of tees, made him rc- 
folve to return to the capital." ^ ^/ 

( To be concluded In our next. ) %d//] ^ 

The Hiftory of political Tranfa^lions and of Parties, from the Refloration of 
JCing Cha/lcs the Second to the De ith of King William, By Thonut Somer- 
ville, D.D. 4to. jl. is. Strahan and Cadell. 1752. 

[Continued from Page xii.] 

IN our laft Number we brought our 
rtview ot this work to the death of 
King Charles the Second. The events 
of the fubfequent Reign, though cioud- 
cd, afford little fcope fcr political invefti- 
gation. The mcafnres of James, dic- 
tated by biffotry, were prccipitJint, pcr- 
iklious, and cruel ; and the Revolution 
may rather he conlidcred as the mtural 
cfB^ of them, than as accomplished by 
» fpirit of reftlefs intrigue or refined 
policy* By his own mifguided zeal 
the infatuated Monarch accelerated the 
period of his ruin and tbe liberty of Bri. 
tain. The Prince of Orange was cer- 
tainly indebted for bis elevation to the 
Tbroiie, more to the folly and blind 
fury of his father-in-law, than to his 
own abilities and efforts. Accordingly, 
IXr.S.afcribcs tohim no deep- laid fchemes 
of ambition, bur allows him no fmall 
mtrit m dcxterovfly availing himfelf of 
crery circvmftance to attain the objeft 
of hii iRiihei. Chapter VU. which com- 
prifet the principal iranfa6tiont of thif 
iii£^ious Rei^n, cannot be denied the 
prasfe of concfie elegance. Amid ft a 

variety of particulars, wc aie plea/^ 
wjih the following contraft between the 
cbai aiders ol Sunderland and Shafteibury : 
♦* Habits of profufion required liberal 
refources, and rendered him anxious to 
retain his employments as the means of 
gratifying them. An uncommon ca- 
pacity forbufipcfs, cultivated byexperi- 
ence in the oiRcial line, juftified a re. 
commendation to the moft important 
employments, and infuied anedit and 
advantage to his patron. By infiuua- 
tioii, flexibility, mduflry, in all of 
which he was a proficient, he obtained a 
preference to ptrfons of purer virtue^ 
who were engaged with him in a com- 
petition for tavours. The divcrfifled 
o|>erarions of the fame predominant dif- 
pofition were never more confpicuoufly 
difpla^ed, thfin by the oppofite conduft 
of Shaftefliury and Sunderland. Alike 
enflaved to ambition, they exerted every 
nerve, and every faculty, to gratify it. 
The different methods adopted by them 
for this end, marked the dillimilirude of 
their tempers. Shaftcfbury, impetuous 
and overbearing, aflaulted the forts of 

*< • Mr* Borke fufgeAed to mt a* applicible to Jdhnfoo, what Cicero, in his Cuo Major, 
faya oC^ik^ <* iMtmntm i^im ^mmmm imufuam mrctm babthat^ nee Unptefcens fHeemmMdi 
/emauH j" repeating at the (ame time the following noble words in the (ame paffltge : 
- Its nm/oftayi. hmmfim tfififijffa Jiffndit,fijus /mmm rrtmi,J nemm tmncS^ta wjf, £' 
t^/m ad txtrmum viUtJ^iritwM vtudieti jus fuum*** _^ _ 




ftmtr by Vorm and by violence : San- 
dtriand| uniki, c^'^^y rubniiinve, at* 
tetnptecf to gain poflfelJioii of them by the 
left Cufy^Stcf^, but not lefs fucceuful, 
plan 01 mining an<l ambufcade. The 
one, by alarming the fears of his Sove- 
reign, expelled to fubdue his mind 10 a 
rdu£Unt compliance with hit ambitious 
/chemesj the other, by flattering his 
weakneft and prejudices, infinuaied bim- 
felf into his conftilcnce and favour. 
With a flexibility incouAftent with any 
Ihadow of principle, he approved, he 
fiatteied^ he abetted the various humours 
and mcarures of every mAlter whom he 
ferved. Though a violent excludonift, 
he retained his ofiice, anvl a great (hare 
of Court intereft in the hte Reigny by 
the adttrefs and afllduity with which he 
. cultivated the favour of the King's mif- 
trefs, the Duchefs of Portfmouth. By 
the fame dexterous accommodation of 
manners, he. now gained the good 

graces of the Queen, and was fele^led by 
er to be the head of that party by 
which flie intended to undermine the in. 
fluence of the family of Clarendon. 
Her expe£lations were sot diCippointed. 
He quickly engrofled the confidence of 
bis mafter ; he became a convert to his 
religion; honoured Pr'efts and Confef- 
fors I joined in their conltiitations ; and 
prompted, as it is fufpe^ed, the moft 
violent attacks upon the ellabliflied re- 
ligion and government/^ 

To this Chapter is fubioined an Ap- 
pendix, enquiring how far the Prince of 
Orange was concerned in Monmouth's 
Kebeilion, and vindicating him from tiie 
accufations of D^Avaux, James, and 
Father Orleans, and from the feverc 
animadverGons of Mr. Macpherfon. 
Here, and indeed thiough the whole 
work, our Author fecms to enttrtaih a 
food veneration for the chara&er of 
William; and Ciapicr VIII. which 
treats of the immediate cauies of the 
Itevolutton, opens an ample fisid tor 
bringiog forward his abilities and ac- 
tivity \n xiiat decifive crifis. We cannot » 
however, charge Dr. S. with want ot 
candour or of TouikI reafoning. Hit^ 
remaiks evidently come fiom the heart, 
and have much folidity. He gives up 
all defence of Willi am' s declara'ion lo 
/aras it regard* the rnppofitilious birth 
of the PrinW of Wales, but thinks his 
^ndu6l irreproachable in every ot!ier 
refped. The concclfion gives weight to 
Thk p-oceedings in England, from 
' tbiAJmfication of f^mes to the Tcrtcment 
«f I^Crowa «j)o>t William and >Iiry, 

are fuccin^y relAed in Chapter IX. 
The meal'urts of tlie Convention are de- 
fended with temper and ability. Both 
here and in the preceding Chapter the 
matter is fele^^ed and acraoged wi<ii 
judgment and perfplcuity. 

Chapter X. is occupied by the afkirt 
of Scotland during the fame period^ and 
begins with Ibmc (enHble obfervatioas oa 
the circumftances ia, that kinjrdom 
which were adverfe to the €au[« of I^« 
berty. '^The Author fpeeke with tuTLtUf 
freedom concerning the rude manners 
and intolerant fpirit of his couatrymea* 
^* Their fentiments were narrow aod 
abjeft** (p. 243). " Lower ranks were 
idle, indigent, and opprefl'ed'* (£44). 
** Perfons of dillindlion were domi- 
neaing, iofolent, andopprefl{ve*'(t4.5*). 
and •* the Rcvclution Umpied the frtC' 
byterinnt to retaliate on rlie Epiicopaib 
thofe injuries of which they themi'elTes 
had juliiy complained." *« Tlie peiJwns 
of their clergy were attacked/* *' their 
churches were ravaged*'* and '' the No- 
bility and Gentry of that periiiaftan 
were expofed to alTault and danger" 
(p. 250-1). Such an avowal of undeni- 
able truths mi^ht, not many years ago, 
have expofeJi Scotch PrefbytcnanCier* 
gyman to ajfaull and dastf^cr* 

Although amajunty, both in the Con- 
vention of Friigland and Scotlind, had 
placed William and Mary u;>on the 
Throne, yet many circtiMiltanccH thirat" 
encd to dilfuri),, it not to ovcrtern their 

• government. James had iome avowed 
and many concealed friends. \it en. 
joyed thvj protection and was |-o}r.irrd 
the iupport of the mott povycrful Mo- 
narch in Europe. The plea of heredi- 
tary x\^\x w3i in his favour, and had 
many zeatous advocatts. The voice of 
the nation m.ght loon change. The 
jarrini* intereftsof thole pow^ful rndi- 
viduals who united in promoting the 
Revolution, might create lUviftoiu among 
them, and increafv the n amber of his 
partizans. There can be little doubt 
that fuch obvious conuJerations led 
fomc men of the firll chant£ler in the 
kingdom to think of providing ./or their 
own lafety a: all events, by preiliog 
their feivice* on William, while thty 
ftcrctly corrcfpoaded with James* Anil 
hdidtii ilietis ciules, whiih rendered the 
Revolution fedlement inlecure, others 
iivcidentally occurred* Duiing theiatirr 
prenrs of CharUs the Second a fpiiii of 
mlri^uf had gone foTth, which ro^ii 
not be expe^ej to reft in the flu6iiiatitig 

^ Uate of opinions^ a;ul partiei ; aed 
among tiie bcil friendi of the Revolution, 



% fcramble avofe for power, which ex- 
citc«l mutual j<;aloufi«t, anifnoficifn, and 
dificiilt. The dttail of the Tiews and 
mealiiicl of partief:, the cautious anil 
Aeady couri« which WiDiam ftecred, and 
bift dextrous management in bringini^ 
tlie nation to ru}^»porr his ^oyernment 
•ad enter into his fchemcs; fill up the 
remainder of the volume. 

The proftiTed objeft of Chapter XL 
It to give ^ a concilc detail of the moft 
important debates and refolutions in 
the CofiTentton Parliament, which/' 
the Author obfrrvc*, •* will convey to 
the readfr authentic informatiou con- 
cerning the views, theitr4igi:les, and the 
Aicccis ut different parties ; and the im- 
medHitecffc^tii produced by the Revolu- 
tion on the rt venue, laws, and conltitu- 
tion o( England." This pMrpole is ju- 
diciouAy executed. The n»rr:Hive is 
o^mprtfled with fidelity, and accompa- 
aied by reflections which cannot fail to 
he acc.'ptable to every lover of Civil and 
Religious Liberty. The *< oblervations 
oil the connection between' the (bte of 
the Revenue and the temper of Govern- 
ment,** and thofe on the *' progrcfHvc 
. improvement of raifingfupplies, tending 
to the enlargement of liberty/* which 
form an Appendix to this Chapter, ought 
rather, in our opinion, to have been 
thrown into two Notes. And perhaps 
the fccond Aj>ptndix, vindicnting WiU 
liam from the charge of bij;oiry, might 
have been introduceii with greater pro- 
priety into lome fubfequent parr of the* 
work. In this Appendix the rafh aflertions 
«f Mv. Macpherl'on are clearly refuted, 
without one exprcHion of acrimony or 
triamph. We tranfcribe the concluding 
peragr«pb» p. 30^' 

•* As It has been found that the Pro- 
tenant Religion, in general, has been 
moil favourable to the progrefs of civ ill - 
xation and the extenfian of liberty, fo it 
has been alfo found, that thefe cfttit: are 
moft perfc£l and confpicuous where the 
fpirit and rules of Proreftant Churches 
have been moft tolerairt and liberal. 
X The ardour and perfeverance with which 
William .profecuted a relaxation of the 
Tcfts, and the Bill of Comprehenfion, 
fo far from deferving to be branded with 
the cenfuie of narrownefs -and bigotry, 
tre illuftrious evidences of that wifdom 
and liberality which reflect the* higheft 
lumour upon the human character/* 

After the diflblutionof the Convention 
parliament, the Tories came into power. 
Thehr influence was predominant in the 
jkAiop of Mcmbcis to the (ccond Par^ 

Hament of William. Chapter Xff.j^if«i 
an account of the proceedings of Vh# 
fiid Stlfton of that Parliament, and of 
the operations in Ireland Mil the battle af 
the Boyne. The obfervationt which 
cccafionally are interfperfed, being alwayt \ 
pertinent, .and often animated, contributtf 
not a littte to enliven the detail. The- 
bigotry and tyranny' of James while in 
Leiand, his ^irilling ful^eflton to the 
counfels of France, the avowed enemy 
of England, and the rapacity and cru- 
elt) of his courtiers and foldiers towardi 
Protefbnts, arc properly illuflrated at 
caufes of infpiiingthe Cnglifh with hor- 
ror at his return, and confirming their 
attachment to the Revolution. 

In the two following Chapters, which 
carry the Hnlory forward from the meet- 
ing? of the fccond fclTion of the ree6nd Par- 
liament «>f William in October x 6)0, to the 
prorogation of the fixth SefTion in May 
169s. much ingenuity is difcovered in ac- 
of the Nation and the Parliament, and 
many circumftances aie placed in a new 
and probably a )uft point of view. In the 
interval between the fecond and thin! 
Seftions of thi> Parliament, events oc- 
curred which led the Commons, from 
beirg uiianintous and ready in granting 
itipplits, to (ht.w fymptoms of backward- 
refs and ill-humoUr. The complete re- 
duAion of RreUnd removed all their 
fears. The liberal conditions on which 
the furrender of Limerick was accepted« 
dil'guftcd them. The great expence alfo, 
and the ill fuccefs of the war, jealoufy . 
of the King's partiality for the Dutch, • 
the unfavourable terms to England on 
which the Confedtracy was ftsrmed, the 
want of relburctt, ftrength, firmneft, 
and unanimity among its vaiisus mem- 
bers, the heavy lolTcs fulhined by tra- 
ders, and the dilafleflion of a great body 
of Cjergy, are all enumerated as canlts 
of this altei'ation. The laft particular, 
as being important, and not fo obvious, 
is moie ful)y explained. OMr limits, 
however, will not allow ui to anaiyfe, 
in this manner, all the variations in the 
fluctuating ftntiments of thefe Cicklifh 
times. We are under the necefTity of 
referring our readers to tlie work itfelf» 
affuring fuch of them as venertte the 
memoiy of Queen Mary, that ample 
juftice it done to her prudence and acti- 
vity, during the critical period when her 
huibaiid was on the Contioem, and Erg- 
land was threatened with a French inva- 
fion. Her character imprefTes us witly %. 
favoanble opinioa of Uie Author's heart. 

w Few 



'< ?efr charadxrt have been more ex- 
toIle4^hy frieois, or more vinilendy 
indoced by enemies, thin that of Mary. 
UnconncAcd wUh» and uninfluenced by 
party, -we can be at no lofs to perceive, 
that her friends have founded their enco« 
nyamt upon the evidence of a temper 
tod quali^cations honourable to the hu- 
■an charaAer ; while the detraAion and 
calumny of her enemies referred to faAs 
tztremely doubtful, and tocircumllances 
dccafioned by the peculiar difficulties of 
the part (he was called upon to ?£t. 
She pofliefled, in an eminent degr:re, all 
thofe accomplifhmrnts and graces which 
conftitute the merit of her fcx in domel^ic 
life. Her affability, mildnefs, and deli- 
eacy* captivated the affrflions of her 
. eompaoiona and dependants. Such dex- 
terity and prudence in rhe management 
of parties, fuch difcretion and TLdivtty 
in the nu ft critical (late of affairs, have 
rarely been found in a perfon lo litrle ad- 
dided to oftentation, and Co averfe to 
hiterfere in public huftnefs. So devoid 
was Ihe of ambition, and fo indifferent 
to nerfbnal grandeur, thit fhe not only 
lejeded the fisrvices of thofe who were 
ditpofed to prefer her right to the Crown 
beff^re that of her hufband, but fhe 
would not even participate of the Admi- 
niftration while he was in the counry, 
Bor did ihe fo much as afpireat the influ* 
ence to which her ftation and merits enti* 
tied her« Her exemplary devotion, her zeal 
for the Proteftant Keligiun, her confcien« 
boosdiTpofal of ecclefuftical preferments, 
^r patronage of ufef 1.1 dcfiKns, and appli*- 
cation to good work«, render her memory 
precious tu the friends of religion and 
virtue. Iff upon particular occaficns, 
•natural affe^ion feemed to be languid, 
or [xiCutsylktfi i if (he appeared harfh and 
•nndutiful by confentlng to the dethront- 
ment of her father, or by efpouiing, 
with apparent animofity, the quarrel of 
her huiband with her (ifter, her condu^ 
in fuch inlUnces may be fairly afcrit>ed, 
not only to a refped for her duty as a 
wife» but to the (ingularly critical fitua- 
don of him to whom (he ftood in that re- 
lation. Nothing lefs than the moil cor« 
dial and unequivocal apbrobation of the 
conduA of her hufband could have ob- 
Uinedf or preferved to him, that autho« 
rity which he derived from his relation 
to her. Whatever painful emotions fhe 
might feel from the dtfgrace of her fa- 
tber, or from coming to a breach with 
hetuttttp yet^dfnice required the con« 
•raiment of them, to iecuit tbt reputa* 
Vol. XXSU 

tion and fafety ' of that perfon who was 
thedcareftobjeft of her aflfe^ion, and the 
profpsrityof thatcaufe, which, from the 
pure influence of principle, fhe was aea- 
lous to promote." 

Here the Hiftorv ftands ftill, while in 
Chapter XV. the Author t^ffrfrs fome ob- 
fcrvationson thr i:ener«l caufes which af« 
feA the (lability of political Revolutions, 
and on the peculiar dangers which threat* 
ened the Kivolution in England. Wil- 
liam's having afpiie<t t > royalty^ hit 
preferring the enemies, and neelc5ling 
thefr-cndsof tne Rcvoiution, diiTolviog 
the Convention Parllamtnt, and exer* 
cifing foine neccfTary feverities in punifh- 
ing confpirators, are mentioned as (hale* 
ing rhe pillars of his Government, and 
encouraging diiaffeclion. His feeble 
conllitution aifo, his fatigues, anH dan- 
^rs^ the formidable preparations of 
Fiance, the heavy taxes^ t^e unluccefs* 
ful war, th.* detedion of corruption, are 
all pointed out as additional circum* 
(lances, which difpofed people of all 
parties to liften to the propofal of recall- 
ing the exiled Monarch. Their corre* 
fpondence with him and his agents it 
next examined in a very difpaffionate 
manner, and fatisfa^ory reafons are 
ailigned for caution in drawing conclu* 
(ions concerning the guilt of feveral who 
engaged in it. Here, as well as in the cafe 
of RuflTel and Sidney, Chapter V. Dr. S. 
though he admits the authenticity of the 
Letters and Memorials which have been 
*publi(hed by Sir J, Dalrymple and Mr. 
Macpherfon, is unwilling to allow to 
them that degree of credibility to which 
thelis Gent!emen think them intitled ; 
and to us his arguments appear convin« 
cing. There bciny, however, fufficient 
evidences of fuccelTive confpiracies to re- 
dore James, and to a(ra(IInate, oratleaft 
to expel, William, our Author proceeds 
to enquire into ihecaufes by which thefe 
were, from time to time, ccuntera6led, 
and finally defeated. The caufes in- 
veftigattd are, firit, The backwaixlners 
of Louis *to affill James; fecond. The 
divifion of fentiments among bis friendt 
in England j third. The growing repu- 
tation of William, and the contempt 
entertained for James $ fourth , Variout 
occurrences unexpefledly (trtngthened tha 
new Govemmctit, luch as the Regency 
of Mary, always mild and prudent | 
her death uniting the interefls ot her huf* 
band and ftfter, fonherly divided ; aiid 
Triennial Parliaments, highly agreeable 
to the ^ple« and which uc Ktftoration 

*^ ^ Jigitized by V^ r\--^ 



of Jamct would inftantly aniuliiUte^ at 
an ufurpation upon prerogative not to be 
cndurecl. Thit Chapter it the beft part 
of the work which hat hitherto come 
under our review, and afford* a favour- 
able rpecimen uf ths Author^t talen\s 
fur compufition and political refearcb. 

Infiipportof this deciion, we*?ntencfed 
to have xratiflcMl etir readers, with an' 
extraft, but it ii fo conneAed from thm 
berinatog to the end, that no part iv 
fufitcicntljr detacbfd to be txtraAed witlk 

( To bt C0nfypi0tl. ) 

A Voyage from Calcutu to the Mer^ui Arcbipclago» lyin^ on the Eaft Side of th« 
Bay of Bengal, &ۥ iic> By Thomas Forreil> Efq. Senior Captain of ihm 
Honourable Company's Marino at Fore Marlbro* in 17701 and Author of cfa« 
Voyage to New Guinea* Quarto. il. i6«. Robfon. 

[ Continue J from Pagi 116.] 

f>APTAIN FORREST, in failing 
^^ from Atcheen Road, next proceeds 
to dcfcribe the Si^rat Paffage, a iurr6w 
ilraigbt through which Ihips often go to 
the fouthward, and which is. called 
Pintoo i^or) by the natives ; gives di- 
rections for failing down the coa(l to 
Tappanooly harbour, particularly about 
pniTiug what he calls Paflfage liland, near 
which there are many dangerous ihoals } 
lod adduces another inftaoce of Malay 
treachery in an aruck oa the (loop 
Orange -Tree, Capt. Duggin* the Chief 
>]ate of which was ftahbed, in t7s3> 
by a blow from an Atcheener, intended 
for the Captain (which miifcd him); 
but the Captain and Second Mate, after 
the Chief Mate fell, for he was killed 
outright, joined by the Lafcan, faved 
^he vcHeU The affaffins, four or five hi 
number, being attacked with fpirit, fome 
jumped ovct^board and efcapcd i one or 
two were killed, as they dererved* ** I was 
in the (ame harbour, a few months after- 
wards, in the Honourable Corrpany^s 
country ihip Prince George, Captain 
Burman, commanded by the firft o^er, 
^1r. Ormiicor and beard the ftory from 
a Captain Bunyan, of the fnow Kitty, 
who furveycd this harbour. His ftiap of 
it is publiihcd by Mr. Dalrymple in his 
valuable colle^^ion.** 

Our author then gives direi^ions about 
'failing from Tappanooly harbour to Fort 
Marlborough, refeiring the reader to 
Dunnes mapst and defcribes a curious 
waterfall on Mazular Iflfuid, '* which is 
quite diminutive when approached, to 
what it appears at a diftince. A fmaJl 
^uautitVQt water precipitated down 300 
or 4joo feet at lca(}, alop.g the face of an 
almoft perpendicular rock, cuts a figure 
at a diftance 9 whilft, clofe to it, it will 
not force a bucket from the hand of a 
man : thit it really the cafe 1 no doubt 
it is A little impetuous immediately after 
fiiio. A Ihip, as 1 (uvt faid> m^y ap* 

proach it in good holding ground, fo a» 
to ufe a hofei and can water more conve- 
niently than perhaps in any ochcr part of 
tl^e world- I have held a bucket c\o(k 
under it) where the rock is fteep too. Mid 
it falls in two or three inconfiderabl^ 
ftrcams: it looks at a diftance like m 
long white tail fixed to a black borfc*^ 

After this he lays down for the iiati* 
gator the be(i and^fa^eft track to fiiil into 
Natal Road, referring the navigator to 
Mr. Dalrymple*s chans^ mention* a 
harbour behind Tammong liland, and 
another at Ayer Bongouy formerly a 
Dutch Seulemenr } gives dire^Hons about 
failing to Padan<) talks favourably of 
the Dutch police ; and mentions man^^ 
iilands that lie on this part of the cooft 
which alTurd Ihelter for (hips v^-orklog^ 
up the coaft of Sumatra againft North 
Weft winds* particularly the fmall iilaod 
S^^nty, aa very little known, laid dowft 
in Dunn's maps. After thi« he eomes tti 
Fort Marlborough and Rat iflaod Baibaf 
and reprefenti Pulo Bay, near Mtilb o^ 
rough, at a place that Iboold be avoi4ed» 
although a good harbour, at provii^ 
particularly unliealthy to Europeans. 

.Captain Forreft next mentions the 
iiland Celebes, famous in ftory for m 
wars with the Dutch ; and gtVet a map 
of the greateft part of that Sand, tvith 
an alphabet of the Buggefs language. 

" Celebes," he fays," confiftsof fist 
divisions, mod of which have a particular 
form of government, &c. with a great 
mixture of the feudal fyftem in every 
one of them. The fit ft I (hall mention 
it Goa $ this is the moft ancienr* and 
lies on the Weft and South Weft coaft of 
the iftand, where Macaflkr is, the feat 
of the Dutch government. Here is a 
pretty ftrong brick fort called Rotterdam* 
with a garrifoD of about 300 men." 

** The' Government of Goa it monar- 
chical i theKmg is called Karuattg^ fome- 
timw Rajah Goat Navarctte oriU him 

Jigitized by ' 



Smhanccl tad hk empm formerly ex* 
tended) not only over the whole ifland 
Celehdi* but »1A> over feveral adjacent 
iOindif before the Portiiguefe doubled 
the Cape of Good Ho|)e.*^ 

of honour hj our nation^ th?t we canoot 
part with it without infamy." Thit rcafoa 
appearing to Mr. Forbin unanfwerable» 
he fays, ** Je m'y reodis nc comptant pas 
qu*une arme qui me paroiflbit fi m^prifa- 

Tbe diviiion of Celebes called ble> fut aulH dangercufe que je I'^prouvai 
** Wajoo, Warjooi or Tuadjoo»'' fays bient^t aprcs." Mr. Forbin unfonu- 
hc, " is govenied alio by an cle^ite nately, afterwards, iflucd orders to his 

Prince called Aramatooa. He is ele^ed 
for life by the four nobles of the bigheft 
lank) called Oran ca^ Batta bazar 
(Dobles of the great flag)t from the 
body of An inferior nobility, called OraH 
cofo Batta ampai Pulo (nobles of the 
forty flags)* there beine forty in number s 
and when elef^ed^ if he ihould fay^ 
** I am poor,*' which may be the caie* the 
feply made to htm (by the nobleman 
who prefides at the ele^ion) isy Warjoo 
htTtnnee^ Wariao caiof Warjoo quc^oi 
ivbich figniEes Warjoo is brave* rich^ and 
powerful : intimating* no doubt* be ihall 
want for nothing. He then accepts of 
the Govcnunent. Befidcs the four high 
and the forty inferior nobles, there is 
, ^\\\ a kind of Freeholders called Dyoxs^ 
is in Bo9y» The hrdm^tooat. call only 
keep up the number of- the four high and 
forty inferior nobility* when they arc* by 
want of beirs* eztin£l \ but he cannot 
iocreaie the number. In Warjoo only 
the nobility Is hereditary.*^ 

in defcribing the chara^er of the Bug* 
gelTcs* be iotioduces feveral quotaions 
to prove them a brave high-fptrited peo- 
ple* panicularly the followmg quotation 
fiom Mouf^ Forbin* who was a Siam 
Admiral as well as a French Commo- 

" Moafieur Forbin* in the year 168^, 
atBancok in Siam* had ordeis from Mr. 
Conftanccy who was his ienior in com- 
mand* to prevent all Siamefe from paf- 
liog his fort. * There came down the river 
a MacafGsr prow {gaUreJf which was 
ftopped by the chain Mr. Forbin had 
thrown acrofs* The Buggefs Captain 
told Mr« Forbin ho had no Siamefe on 
board } that bis crew were MacaiTars 
rctunung to their own country. On 
vhich Mr* Forbin faid* when that was 
verified be (bould have liberty to pafs \ 
buCf in the mean time* defired him to 
land bis men $ *' que la cour de Siam 
n'eut lien a me reprbcher*" faid Mr. 
Forbin. The Captam* without hefna- 
ties, anfwered* '* I agree to that; but 
tbey rouft land with their arms.^' 
<* What r* laid Mr. Forbin, fmiling, 
** are we at war then ?*' ** No," anfwered 
tbc Bu£|teis> ** but the crefs that I wear 
by my udc it conEder^d ib much a mark 

troops, commanded by a rortugucfe 
whom he had m^dc Major* todifarm Bx 
MacaiTars. The Portuguefe* frightened, 
faid, ** Kloi:fieur* je vous demand^ par- 
don $ mais ce que vous propofez n'eft 
pas faifable ; vous ne connoiflez pas cette 
nation comme moi s je fuis enfant des 
Indes : Croyez-moi* ces forteft d^'hommes 
font hnprenables ; et il faut les tuer pour 
s'en rendre maitre. Je vous dis bicn 
plus* c'efl que fi vous faitesmine de vou- 
loir arreter ce capitaine qui eft dans le 
pavilion, lui & ce peu d'hommes qui 
TaccompagneDt nous tueront tons fans 
qu'il en ^chappe un feul." Mr. Forbin 
goct on. <* Je ne Bs pas tout le cas que 
]c devois de 1 avis que ce Ponu^is me 
donnoit, & perfiOant dans mon pfojet, * 
dont Tex^cution me paroiflbit aflez facile. 
AUez* lui repartis-je* portcz mes ordret 
tels que vous les avez refus. Je fuis 
perfuade, qd'avant que de fe faire tuer, 
ils y penieront plus d'une fois. Le Major 
s'en alia fort trifle* & me continual fes 
bons avis* me dit en partant, '* Mon 
DieUf Monlicur* prenez bien garde a ce 
que vous faites j ils vous tueront infailli- 
blemenct croycz ce que j'ai I'honneur 
de vous dire ; c'eft pour votre bicn '* 

*• Le icle de cet officierme fit cntrer en 
confideration : pour ne ri"n hazarder, je 
fis monter 20 foldats Siamois dans Ja 
gorge du baftion* dix defquels ttoient 
armcs de lances* & dix autres de fufils. 
Je fis tirer le rideau du pavUlon* & m*e- 
tant avance vers rcnrrie* j*ordonnois i 
un Mandarin d'aller, de ma part* direau 
capitaine, que j'etois bien. mortifi^ de 
I'ordre que j*avois de rarretcr i mais 
quM recevroit de moi toute forte de bon« 

" Ce pauvre Mandarin^ qui me fer- 
voit d'intcrprctc, m'obcit; au premier 
mot qu'il pronon9a* ces fix MacaiTars 
ayant jetie Icur boontt a terre, mirent le 
crit a la main* & s'elan^ant comme dts 
defnoni>» tuerent dans un ioftant Tmter* 
prete & fix autres Mandarins qui 6toient 
dansle pavilion. Voyant ce carnage, je 
me retirai vers mes ibldats, qui etoient 
arm^s« Je fautai lur la lance d'un d'en* 
tr'eux, & je criai aux autres de tirer.'* 
After this the Macaflars got to their j(al- 
ley, and fet it on fire \ theyjhcn fet fire 



to a convent of Tcllopys* and killed all 
the Monks: 366 Siamefe and fevcral 
Fiench were killed* and 17 MacalFars 
only, in this dcfperate bufinefs.''-;— Me^ 
tnoires du Comte de Forbin, Amirat dc 
8iamf du notn d'Opm fac'D Efoiu Cram, 
Chef d'Efcadic dcs Armies Naval esde fa 
Majcftc, Chevalier dc TOrdre Militairc 
de St. Louis. Tom. i. Amfterdam 1730." 

To thi^ fiicceedi an account of our au- 
thor's narrow efcap« from fomc Malays 
by bis happy prefence of qiind ; after 
>vhich he points out fomc cautions nccef- 
fary to be obfcrved in al* connexions or 
communications with that people, well 
worthy the attention of all European 
Navigators on thcfc fea$» 

" Having faid fo much of the dcfperate 
difpofitionof the Bugj^cflcs, I cannot help 
faying fomeihing of the temper of Malays 
in general- If an European fliip is paiTuig 
the Suait of Malacca, or any pf thofc 
ftraitsin its neighbourhood, it is natural, 
if thev Ice Malay prous, to ftud a boat 
towards them, to dcfneiliem to come on 
^ boau', ;o get news, &,c. Tl:is cv.;^ht ne- 
ver to be done by foice $ Malays h-ivc no 
Other idea, when com. ulfion is ufcd, but 
that it is the pidutie to llavery or death ; 
and many faial confcquences have fol- 
lowed ffoin afempts oi this nature, when 
liothm>i hoftile was intended on either 
fide. If a boat fcnt on luch bufinef^ be 
ordered to lie-to at a fnall diftancc, and 
talk to the Malays, to dtfarm their firft 
apprehenfion, fifty to one but they will 
then g«i on boai-d volunti<iilv,crpecially 
if it is an i nglifli l>oai that calls them. 

** I mentioned befor.. that I was caft 
pway in i^^i> on a fmall ifiand c<«(l of 
Salayer, in the Bonnctu ketch. There 
was no fr< fli water on the (mall fandy 
iiland, and 1 went lonn adjacent ifland to 
fearch for fomc, but f(»und a vti y little in 
holes of the rocks, enoui;h only to quench 
our lUiift, Returning t«) my companions 
next day, the i^d of February,' I faw 
two prows, one iiilin^ av\av from the 
other, whicii was left w ith the fa I flnp- 
ping againiithemaft. It ftiuck me, as I 
faw nobody, that fne was dcferted ; and I 
cheered up the crew (I afcarsonlv) topuU 
ftroug, to take potlcifion of whut I thought 
was abandoncxl ; when within about 
three tm^.es the length of my own boat of 
the prow, ^bout ten M:^iays appeared., 
with lances \a their hands, from under 

* *< It is inconceivable to an Eur'^pean ilic number of domeftic flaves the Datch have 
at Ratavia; Macluirs, Javans, Nias, &c. fomething like what we read of old Romct 
they all go wDPdprfuIly neat and clean, and m«ny kaio mechanical trad^ die Nta^ 
ffpccialjy." .,._., ^OOSle 

-the prow's thatched roof, where tlicy haJi 
lain in ambufcade. 1 immediately called 
out to them "Jon^av^ takut (Do not be 
afraid), held water with the oars; yet 
the boat hnil foch frefli way, that her 
ftem v/ent againfl the prow in a pcrpeir- 
djcular diredion, hut dij not ftrikc hard. 
I inftamlv quitred the tiller, and, rroffing 
the thafts, went on board, and took the 
Noquedah by the hand, ordering mv 
boat immediately to lie rflf*. his hand 
trembled, which pleaf d me much, as it 
affurcd me he was afraid. I loon per* 
fuaded him I was Enelifli. After Tifking 
forfome rice and water, th'y (aid rbcy 
would fupply me i but did not incline 
my boat fnould come and fetch it I pot 
a jar of water and a ba^ of rice, which 
was carried or\ l?oard of my boat by their 
canoe. 1 hey had got a good many piecc- 
gooos from the wieck. Mynheer Jacob 
Bckkifbakcr came Toon after very kindly 
to mv rclit-f.'' 

The addrefs and management of the 
Butch, in making their fetdement at 
Celebes profitable in apolitioal as well as 
a commercial view, is next meniionedy 
as follow s X ' 

'* The Dutch, -in their quarrels with 
the Bu!4gc(rcs, have always played off 
one power again (I another, and have 
long lol all confidence with the natives 
in ((cneral. They ke«p what tlicy pof- 
fefs on Celebes chiefly on account of it» 
being the v.cft frontier to the Spice 
Jflands, and feem afraid of extending 
their commerce fo much as they might* 
for fenr of innovation of lentimcne 
among the natives ; or, rather, wifh ttt 
dtfoui-sttie their commercial exertions, 
whtcn formerly were very confidcrable. 
There arc many other entrances to the 
Spice Iflands befides Salayer Strait (the 
Biiegeroont), whcie the Dutch generally 
have cruifers, and the Buggtifes often 
find their way there in fpitc of their 

*• 1 have fecn, twenty-five years ago^ 
fifteen prou'k at a rime at Bencoolen» 
loaded with a mixt car^zo of fpiccs, virix* 
calfict, f^ndal wood, dollnrs, and the 
cloths of Celebes called cambays. 

•* The Dutch have alfo the addrefs to 
make the phccs held by them on Celebes 
nor only mamtain themfelves, but pro- 
duce a clear profit, from trade and 
tribute, iu gold, wax, rice, fago, (laves *, 




Ice The fupremc government of Ba« 
tayia fupplies the different fertlemcnts 
with the cloths of Indoftin, at 33I ad- 
vance on the prime colt ,* whatever thcfe 
cloths fell for inore Is the profit of their 
fervaus: they al'o fell a great deal of 
Bengal opium. Potto Novo blue and 
white cloth, fine Bengal coffaes and 
hummumst and much iroR> fieel> and 

To this fuccceds a defcriprion of the 
manufafhires of the natives, who, our 
Author fays, are ** very induftrious» 
weaving a deal of cotton cloth, generally 
cambays, which they export to all 
Malay countries; it is red chequered 
and mixed with blue; they alfo make 
beautiful fiik beltSf in which they fix 
ihcir crefles. 

*• On the coaft of ' Coromandel they 
Dake a cloth in imitation of cambayt» 
not fo well wore, bur of brighter colours* 
called the chaw (a red colour). The 
BuggefTes alfo often import cotton from 
the ifland Bally, both raw and fpun into 
yam. At Bally, they do not underftand 
packiijg cotton, as at Bombay, but ftuff 
it into baikets. 

** The Buggefs cam^ay, though only 
one garment, which ihrowds from head 
to heel when the wearer flcef»s, is «ften 
fold from fix to ten Spani:h dollars a* 
piece : fome are fine as cambric* very 
flrong wove, but dull coloured : being 
chequered, it much refembies tartan, 
and is often wore like a fafh gathered up 
on one (houlder over a tight waificoat, 
aifd breeches that repch within a fpan of 
the knee. All together a Buggefs re- 
fembies much a Scotch highlaoder, when 
the ends of the plaid are- fewtd to- 
gether i his arms are fword, lance, dag« 
ger (durk), and target, fometiroes a 
muiket and bayonet, or blunderbufs, in- 
ftead of the lance ; but then he is at-' 
tended by a lad, who, himfelf armed* 
carries feveral lances. 

" The BuggclTes alfo manufa£lure, 
from' the inner bark of a fmail tree, a 
kind of paper* in which they wrap their 
fine cambays; they often dye this paper 
of various colours* and export much of 
it even to Manilla, and v'ariout other 
places: it refembies the Otabeite clo- 

** They make fire arms, but cannot 
make gua locks; they al(b cafi fmall 
brafs guns, which they call rantakka^znA 
Are curious in fiilagree work, both in 
gold and filver: the larger rantakka is 
i|i}put fa feet iongi and carries 9 half 

pound ball, like Marflial Saxe*s amufette. 
They* get many rantakkas from Borneo 
Proper, where they are expert in making 

Our Author next mentions their 
fhipping, forry veffels indeed f yet their 
tripod mad and winding-up fail have 
their convenicncies. The harbour Kyly^ 
or Kyala, is north of MacalTar. Their 
language is written in a chara^er 
peculiar to themfelves, *• fomeehmg like 
the Rejang and Batta on Sumatra, as w^ 
do from left to right, of which Mr. 
Marfden has given a fpecimen. Na* 
yarctte« who viiited Macaffar in 1650, 
fays* they had a library of European 
books. I take them to be a very ancient 
people, but whofe hiftory is loft; at leaft 
the many Buggclfes I have converged wh 
feemed all to be of that ofiin'mn, and told 
me many ftories of a former great king* 
called Rajah Lout (King ot the Sea>, 
who ufurped the throne of Goa. Ht 
was Admiral of his fovereign> fea forces*' 
and fucceeded in dethroning his mafter 
about zoo years ago* The Buggeffes oa 
the Tea coaft univerfally fpeak the Malay 
tongue.and they have many Malay phrafes 
in their language, evert whole fentences. 

** The laws of the inhabitants of 
Celebes are adminiftered according to 
old cudoms handed down from their an* 
ceftors, and retained in the memory of 
their old men (Oran Tuo), and many 
are committed to writing in Goa, Warjou* 
Bony, and Mandar, and confidered at 
the law of the knd ; in dubious cafes 
they refer to the Koran, if applicable. 

** Their religion is Mahometan* with 
this laudable cullom : if a man marriet 
his equal, he takes but one wife; if be- 
low him» he may take four. I have 
been told by feveral Buggeffes, that they 
fail in their paduakans to the northern 
parts of New Holland* poflTibly Carpen- 
taria Bay, to gather fwallow (Biche de 
mer), which they fell to th^ annual 
China junk at Macaffarf they, fay alfo* 
gold is to be got there. I make no doubt 
but that our Rttlements in New Holland 
will foon be vifited by Buggeffes, when 
the Englifh extend from Port Jackfon 
ftirther north into a warm climate.'* 

Captain Forred next mentions what 
happened to Mr. Herl>ert in his expedi« 
tion to Balambangan, which puts the 
chara£lerof the Buggeffes in a favourable 
point of view. Atier this he in- 
forms us* that the Dutch get from Celc- 
bcs 10 the amount of 124,0001. yearly in 
gold y and gives Ms a lift of the places it 

Jigitized by ' 



from* He aext defcribes the 
Buggefs htty, or Sewa, and rocnttoii5 
ceituin harbours on the iiland Lomboc, 
an account of which he ieamt ftoro a 
Buggefs named Inankee* He concludes 
liis account of Celebes with a ren^ark on 
Carane; • Aflem road.well wonhy the navi- 
tor's attention, with the Malays mode 
of getting gold on Celebes and Sumatra i 

** Tic gold of Celebes is generally 
goKi at on Sumatra* from the beds of 
f irers and torrents i and there are many 
fpringt iiTuing from crevices of rocks 
tbni bring fome little gold along with 
tb0 W8ter» which) running through a 
ivcflel bottomed with £ud» leaves its 
treafuce behind. 

'' At Pulo Stako» called Salida in 
§9me maps, a Dutch fettlement in Su- 
l»atra> I remember, in i75^» clofc by 
tbcLfea 6de, a fmall fpring of freih 
water running from a crevice of the rock what ilTues from an ordinary 
lea-um i it ran into a fmall caiki abovt 

the iize of a butter firkin t fome reair 
afterwards the caik was full of &nd aa4 

S ravel. The Reiideot* Mymhcer Van* 
hempen, in 1771 1 took it into his hea4 
to walb this gravel ; for which purpofe • 
canoe, lying clofe to the fpring* prtlented 
itfelf as very convenient t he got from a 
firkin full of fand and gravel as much 
gold as made hit lady a fizeaUe ring* 
which I faw on her finger. ^ 

'S Some rivers are famous for giring 
gold of a high touchy others give pale 
gold, of a low touch — mus moodo^ 

*' The Bactas of Sumatra make tanks* 
well floored with pSanks, and place them 
near a brook or torrent} the tanks having 

fathered much fcdiment, they turn in a 
uffalo, which being driven a good deal 
up and down amongil the wet earth* 
the gold fubfidet ; they then throw of 
the upper earth, and find more or lef^ 
gold at the bottom, according to their 
good fortune.*' 

( to be concluded in onr next* ) 

^£l«res.on the Lord's Prayers With an Introdu^ry Difcowrie, By the Rer. 
Richard Tapielt fvo. 5s. Boards. Dilly. 

THESE difcoorfes are not dtftinguifl>ed 
by novelty of remark, criticaierndi- 
lion, or elegance of ftylt j but they convey 
plain truths in a plain perfuaiive manner, 
and are well calculated to be beneficial to 
families, in a regular courle pf reading on 
Sunday evenings. The Author ap- 
fears to be warmei with an amiable 
^irit of piety and benevolence, and is 
eameltly deGious to promote the cauie of 
general reformation. We heartily wiih 
this his laudable attempt towards io de. 
iirabie a bleiling an abundant fuccefs \ and 
cheerfully recon»mend this volume Xa^tyt 
^ lk)tice of every weiUwi/htr to the intei efts 
i»f pra£\ical religion. The dedication k 
particularly curious s 

«* Father of Angels and Men, 

God of Univerfal Nature^ 

Author of Giaccy 


Giver of Glory, 

To thee I humbly dedicate this Book ; 

Btreeching*thec to pardon whatever in it 

is wrong, 
To accept fincere thanks for what i« 

To blefs it to the ilpiiitual benefit of all 

that may read it, 

And to favour its Writer with thy 

Approbation \ 

That both he ^lid his Readers may (land 

with honour before thy bar, 

<* In the great and ternble day of the 


Through thy Divine Compa(fions, 


Unfpeakabje Mercy, 

Jn our biefled Redeemer and Advocaii 

Jefus Chriil. 


Memoirs of the Literary and Philofbphical Society of Mandieftcr. Vol. III. 
(Continued from P4ig£ 110.) 

Account of an Ancient Monument iii 

Huin Abbey, Northumberland : By 

John Ferriar, M. D^ Read March ig, 


rtULN ABBEY, the firft Carmelite 

^^ Monaftcry foondrd in England, was 

^uik in 1240^ by Ralph Fxciboro, tuukr 

the patronage of William dcVefey, then 
1-ord of Alnwick, and of the immenlc 
pofiefTions of the Tyfons, granted to Ivo 
de Vd'ey by the Conqueror. During the 
kH of the aoiiodek Vcley, witk fome 
other Northumbrian Gentlemen, ^vifited 
ihe Mona^y on Mount CarnoeL They 
^ T found 

Jigitized by VjOOQ IC 


frond there Frfiborn their countryman, 
ooe of the religious, and became Co at- 
tached to him as to deiire that he might be 
permitted to return with them to England. 
The fufterior agreed to their requeft, on 
condition that Freiborn (hould found a 
Carmelite Monaftery in his native coun- 
try, FicAom chofe a (jpot near the cattle 
of hit friend to fulfil his oblig:ttion i the 
land was gran red by Vefey, and Freibora 
became the Abbot/* 

The monument here defer ibed cer- 
tainly commemorates a Baron de Veiey, 
and Dr. Ferriar conJe5turc» him to have 
been the patron of the Monaftery. If 
our author has appeared to advantage in 
his other literary vvallcs, he is aifo refpe^- 
able 9% ao antiquarian. He vindicates 
die ftody of antiquities with ingenuity. 
•« I have ever thought," fays he, ** that 
purfuita which add to the innocent happi- 
nefs of life, are too refpeSable to require 
defence. A knowledge of antiquities im- 
plies labour and erudition, and I do not 
know that it difpofes either to vice or 
6)Hy. The charge of uncenainty can 
never be brought againft thia kind of 
knowledge without recoiling on all fyf. 
tems ; and a true philoA>pher will beware 
of undervaluing any relearches into hu- 
man life ; efpecially fuch as intereft our 
nature fo ftrongly as thofe of the anti- 
quarian.** This account is illuftrated 
with a View. 

Qn the Nature and Utility of Eloquence i 

By Richard Sharp, F. S.A. Read 

November 1, 1737. 

This it a very ingenious ElTay upon. a 
very elegant and utefui fubje£^ and ex- 
hibits the learning and Judgment of the 
author to coniiderable advantage. 

Some Properties of Geometrical Seiies 
explained in the Solution of a Problem, 
which hath been thought indetermi- 
bate s . By John Rothecam, M. D. 

This paper may afford- amufement and 
4thfa8ion to the lovers of abftraA ma- 

On Halos : By the Rev. James Wood, 
A.M. FelJow of St. John's College, 
Cambridge. Communicated by Tho- 
mas Percsval, M. D. Read Oaober 
!«, I7f7. 

Without a Plate it is impoflible to give 

the reader an adequate idea of the merith 
of this paper j we fliall only, therefore, 
obferve in eeneral, that the author has 
treated his lubjeft with coniiderable fcien- 
tific reafoning, and that a reference to ih« 
original will yield pleafurc to the mathe- 
matician and natural philofopher* 

ConGderations relative to the Nature of 
Wool, Silk, and Cotton, as obfeds of 
the Art of Dyeing ^ on the various Plre^ 
parations and Mordants requifiie for 
thefe different Subftances j and on tlie 
Nature and Properties of colourin|^ 
Matter. Together with Tome Obicr. 
vations on the Theory of Dyeing i« 
general, and particoUrly the Turkev 
Red : By Thomaa Henry, F. R. S. 
and of the Ameriican Philotophical So*> 
ciety at Philadelphia. Read Dec ao, 
and 27, 1786. 

Though the fubjeft of this paper is o£ 
confiderable importance in different linea 
oT manufacture, yet it hath not been made 
fo much the objeft of fcientific attcmiofi 
as it deferves. Of late, like many oth«* 
too long-negleaed points, it liath been 
raifed into more iefpc6lable notice, and 
engaged the confidtration of fome of the 
firft chemical writers of the age. The 
French chemifts, it is true, are entitled to 
the merit of commencing the difquintion 
of the fiibje^ of dyeing $ but no author 
that we have met witli Iras difcovered more 
fcientific knowledge, or accuracy of ex- 
periment, in the dil'cuffion of it, than Mr. 
Henry in the ingenious Memoir be« 
fore us. 

bbfervationt rcfpefting the Hlftory of 
Phyiiognomy i By Thomas Coopert 

This ingpnimis paper, upon a popular 
and curious fuhjeCt, his been given in our 
Magatinefor Febniary and March 1791, 
An Appendix is added, containing 
«< Obfervations on the Temporary Con^ 
ne£lion of Phyfiognomy with the Occuft 
Sciences,*' which muft afford confi'der. 
ab e entertainment in the perufal. The 
following obfervations on Magicians and 
Magic are ^culiaily curious s 

*♦ Magicians are diftinguifhed * intis 
diviners with or without comrounicatioa 

• •* 1 owe a part of this enomeratlon^to my deceafed friend John Hcnderfon, of Pem- 
broke Cofieget Oxfbrd.*^ [Memoirs of this fiogulatly learned yet wbimiica] young roaft 
wall be foondin p. 3, 4^ and 5, of thli folame of ow Mapxine. _ ^ 



or conjoratiod of fpirits. Ma|;ic of the 
f ril kind (f. e, by the help ot fpirits) is 
either, ift, when a fpirit voluntanly at- 
tacjics itfelf to a man — this is indifFtrrcnt j 
»c?y when a man conjures thein« either 
without compa£>, which is held indif- 
ferent, or with compa^, which is evil, if 
with evil fpirits ; though, indeed, moft 
condemn ail kinds of conjuration. 3d, By 
divine commilTion, as in the cafe of the 
Prophets, Apoftles, &c., this of courle it 
held good. M'igic of the fecond kind 
(i. /• without fpiritual communication) is 
fiiher, ift, The working of wonders, 
which may be prafligiaf leger de main, 
. ftrange experiments in phyfic. 2d, Di. 
¥ining from natural (ignaturesj or, jd, 
from the ftars (/*. e. aftroiogy)} or, 
4tb, forttleg}', which includes the divi- 
nation by chances of all kinds, geo- 
mancy, cofcinomancy, clidomancy, &c, 
«* The Toluniary atachment of fpirits 
i\o which may be refeired the fecond 
fight) was cotiimotily deemed unfortunate, 
and alt magic but the divine unlawful. 

** The conjuration by means of fpirits 
was fourfold;— I, Ntcronianiic, when 
either, ill, an appeamnce of a dead per* 
fon is raifed ; or, 2d, when a fpiiit is 
forced into a dead holy. — II. By circu- 
latory invocation, when at due aiirological 
hours, and with proper ceremonies, fpirits 
are made vlfiMe round a circle.— III. By 
openir.g a coiifeci*ated book on t!ie name 
of thelpiri: wanted. — IV. By cnlling at a 
fign a compared famitiir. This laft is 
viuaily termed witchcraft, 

'* To thtfc may he addeil the xonfe- 
crated ghfs, or ciylial, in which, on in- 
vocation, ' may be Icen the perfons or 
things required ; the operations on the 
bodies of ftblient perluns by means of 
images of wax or clay * j and that fpc- 
cics of witchcraft 'Aliich is cmploycclto 
C'Hmtera6l the malicious designs of tho(e 
who injure others by the afliiHnce of a 
familiar. Ptrl'o'-.s who profef^ this arc in 
Ei'gland termed ivhite eu/itcbcs,'" 

Mr. Ccoper enters largely into the hif- 
tory of alcncmy, to wh.cft, as he very 
juftly obfet ves, the piefent advanced fta;e 
ot chemiftry is principally indebtec^. From 
thence he prtJCcCJs to as mmuie a view of 
the doftrincs ot the Slgnaturijls and ^beO" 

♦' The doBrlne of Signatures was of 
two kiudsj lome philofophcrs holding 

• This iconf>poietic part of magic feems fbon^od 
f It happens rather unfortuo ttely (or the fcienc« 

that plants and minerals, and even anw* 
mals (particularly the former), had marks 
or fignatures imprcfled by the hand of 
Nature, indicating the therapeutic ufes to 
which the things them fel ves might be 
applied ; while the theofophic myftict 
(comprehcndinj; almoft all the chemical 
philofophers ofthc day) went ftill farther, 
and adopted the notion that every fub- 
ftance in nature had either external figna- 
tures. Immediately difcernible, or *ntemal 
iiguatuies which fire or menfirua alone 
would bring to view, denoting its con- 
nexion with fome fidtreal or celeftial ar* 

Mr. Cooper thus concludes i— *• Upoft 
the whole of this enumeration, then, i( 
appears, that the defenders of phyliog* 
nomy, the protefled teachers of the fci- 
ence, have been vither teachers and de- 
fenders of alchemy, magic, aftrology, or 
theofophy, or all of them $ and of courte 
that it was utterly impo^ible that thcfe 
do^rines (hould be rejeflcd without foroe 
contamination on the charaAer of the 
companion fcience of phvfiognotny f 1 
a circumftance which to nave omitted 
would have rendered the flighteii fketch of 
the literary hiftory of phyfiognomy grofsly 

We can only fay of this article, that we 
have been more than comfnonly pleafed 
in the penifal of it, as being highly in* 
forming and entertaining. 

De/cription of a Glory j By John Ha3^ 
garth, M.B. F.K.S, &c. Communi- 
cated by Dr. Peicival. Read Mirch 13^ 

A reprcfentarion of this f ngiibrly ele- 
gant phaenomenon, in aqua tiutOy is 
given, a reference to which will give a 
much better idea of it than what could be 
conceived by the dcfcription only. 

EjCperimcnts on the Fufion of Platina 1 
By Mr. Tiiomas Willis, Chcmilt at the 
Heimitage, London- Communicated 
by Mr. Thomas Henrj-, F. K, S. &ic. 
Read Augult 13, 1789. 

Thefe experiments were eighteen, and 
the proceis in each is veiy accurately 

(To be conduded in our next.} 

Of m; llics. 

This iconf>poietic part of magic feems founded on the dofh-ine of ^gnatures. 
It happens rather unfortuo ttely for the fcienct in qoeOion, that even in this day 
:(p4l vouiy (L^vater) fhould be generally confidered as a ftrenuotis fuppurcer of a I 
fAi6S« Fidt Mirabsao's i^cccec iLllory of ibe Court of Bcrhn. 

>u.iy (L^vater) fhould be generally confidered as a ftren 
yidt Mirabsao's i^cccec iLllory of ibe Court of 6crliD« 

..„ , her 

fuppurcer of a feA 




Sogirdi lUufinttidi By John Ireland. Two Volumes Ivrge Oaaro. al. lat. 6d. 


^ tF erertn Autbor iMmted a Com- 
-^ mcntary, that none of bis beaudet 
nt^ be lofty it is Hogarth | not 
from being obfcure (for he never was that 
koc in two or three of his iirft prints, 
trbcre tranfient national fbUies» as Lot* 
icrieay Free Malons, and the South Sea, 
«ref« his topics), but for tfie ufe of 
^Kcigiiers, and from a multitude of little 
iacidcnta^ not eflential to, but always 
Jw ig h ien ing the principal a^tion.*^ 

WaIpole's Anecdotet of the Arts. 
Such is the opinion of a gtntleman 
^vbole judicious Commentary has greatly 
coeitr^ted to elucidate the works of 
Hogarth. Coniidcring the Artift in the 
£uDe point of Tiew, and coniidering that 
^faoogn the general and leading circum* 
ftances are ufually obrious, yet every 
«iffin|r year cafts a thicker cloud •ver 
Jome of his cbara6lers and allufions, a 
dear and fyftematic' explanation of his 
prints was much wanted, and we are 
gbd it hat been undertaken by a man 
wko appears to be very well acquaint- 
ed with the fttbjeft on which he 

The volumes contain upwards oi 
mtnttj prims copied from Hc^^h*s en* 
grmvii^) thoie which were mferted in 
TniOer's <« Hogarth Moralized,'' anfwer 
tbe purpoie of references, but are too 
sninuse to give a full idea of the originals 
«->tbe sew ones engraved for this work 

After a Aort IntroduAion, we find up* 
vrards of an hundred pages taken up 
with a dcieription wf fix or feven prints, 
«ad anecdotes of the Artift, who Bifr. 
Ireland expcdfively ftiles a painter 

/* By Heaven, and not a mafter, taught/* 

In thefe pages, and indeed through the 
wbole work, the Author difplays a moft 
exalted opinion of the talents with which 
tile hers of his biftory was endowed.— 
We in general agree with him, but could 
sot help €0BceiTin|, that if Hogarth^s 
luftoriet aie what Mr. Ireland afterts, mt 
«njr aMtkf, but obimfivft they did riot 
require lb copious a commentary : for if 
the Autber's charafler of Hogarth is jufl, 
tlK explanation is not neceflary ; if the 
CXplaiMttion is neceflary, the character is 
not'Joft. We however think, upon a 
caicfui review of tbe volumes, that they 
natcnaUy iUuftraie the artift; that Ho. 
garth's admijws will fiad much which 

has hitherto efcaped their notice, and thofe 
who are not his admirers, if fuch there 
are, will find much entertainment} for* 
as the Author tells us in his Introduc* 
tion, " With a defcription of the comic 
and moral tendency of each print, there 
is the beft information he could' procure 
concerning the relative circumftances^ 
occafionalTy interfperfed with fuch de* 
fultory converfation as occurred in turn- 
ing over the port-folio. Though theft 
nates may not always have an immediate 
relation to the engravings, he trufts they 
will feldom be found wholly unconnected 
with the fubjeCls." In geiieral the anec* 
dotes, Ice. have a relation to the fubje^^ 
and by many of Mr. Ireland's readers 
may be deemed the moft amufing parts of 
his volumes } the connoiffeur may, perhaps, 
think them rather too numerous } but for 
the conitoifleur, the writer in his firft 
m;e declares, they were not written.-* 
Thus is this work uftiered to the world. 

** Mr. Hogarth frequently afibrttd^ 
that no man was fo ill qualified to form m 
true judgment of pictures as the^ftf* 
led connoifleur,whoie tafte bring original* 
hr formed upon imitations, and con. 
fined to the manners of mafters, had 
ftldom any reference to nature. Under 
this convi^ion his fubjefts were felefted 
for the crowd rather than the critic, aiki 
explained in that univerfal language com* 
mon to the world, rather &an in the 
Ut^ua tecbmca of the arts, which is 
facred to the fcientiiic. • 

«' Without prefuming to fupport hi^ 
hjrpothefis, I have endeavoured to follow 
his example, &c. &c/* 
- We are apprchenfive that the freedom 
with which Mr. Ireland ' here, and in 
other parts of his volume, treats the vene* 
rable and now very numerous body of 
connoifteurs, amateurs, and coUedors, 
will not be very kindly taken t be that as 
it may, we are informed the work has 
been ^iinflioned by tbe public, a very 
large impreifion being fold, and a ftcond 
edition now in the prds. 

Mr.Ireland tells us, that he engaged in 
this work with the confcioufnefs that there 
would be error, for to fuch b *work it is 
ntciffarilj attached. This we admit, 
but tor typographical -errors' it is not an 
apology ; they arife from careleflnefs, and 
ifve truft will be corre6led. Sir John 
Gonibn is more than onoe primed Sir 
John Gunftmi. Gray's Hudibras ftiould 
£e ^,y,._.., ..^ be 


be Gvtfs Hudibrat. Wilkt, the aaor, pcrfont gathered round Tiim. ' TiA 

is ei Toneoufly fpelt Wilkes ; and Virtuofi* anecdote wis fumiihed by one of hit 

in page 44, Ihould be Viituolo. fellowappiemicct-then prefent^ a perfon 

We have fcWofn bccafion to complain of indiffutable charaaef^ and who owr* 

that Mr. Ireland has not made the moft of tinued his indmacy with Hogarth lone 

hit Author, but we think that in page 50 after they both grew up to manhood/^ 

of the firft Yolumc, the branches of ever- 
green have more meaning than mcrciy 
(o indicate the date; they furely alkideto 
the winter-bloom of the lady^i conAit«- 
lion. Mr. Addiibn would have clafied 
tier among the Ever-greens of the fex.— - 
The portrait of Garrick in Richard it 
Ipoken of hisher than it deferves { it was 
unworthy of artift and a£lor. In the 
dialogue between David Garrick and 
Xord Orrery we are told that Sir Anthony 
I^anviHe, m ** The Difcovery /' was in- 
Stnded for Lord Orrery > wc believe it 
wasc'rawn from Welbore EUts 1 be that 
as it may, the dialogue, which we never 
before faw inpriw,- ie given wiih great 
pleafantfv* The fame praife is due to 
noft of the anecdotes, and with anecdotes 
4his work greatly abounds. Vei-y manv 
of them were to us original, and though 
the writer occafionally lerves up a fecond- 
hand ftory, it is almoft invariably clothed 
' in a •ew drefs. In f9me caies we are at 

• lo(s to know whethor thii is to be placed 
fo the account of his fuperior informationi 

.orli merelyafliKhtof his fancy. That the 
reader majr ju(%;c for him(ielf, we will 
■ife a fpecmien of the iame ftory by Mr, 
iiiebols and Mr. Ireland*— And fitSt of 
the drtt, as he has noany yeai^ priority of 
date, hear Mr. Nichols. 
• *' During his (Hogarth^s) apjprenttce- 
Ihip, he fet out one Sunday, with two 

.or three conipanioAfl, on an excur- 

• iot) to Highgate. The weather being 
botj they went into a public^houie, where 

'tey had not been long before a quarrel 

. at^fe between (bme parfons in the fame 

room* One of the difputants ftruck the 

other on the head with a quart pot, and 

cut him very much* The blood running 

. 4own the man's face, together with the 

^ ttgony of the ftoond, which had diftorted 

• hit usaturet into a moft hideous grin, 
. prefemed Hogarth* who (hewed himfelf 

thtu early apprifed of the mode Nature 
' had intended he ihould purfue, with too 
laughable a fubjeA to be overlooked s— 
lie dfew out his pencil, and produced on 
the SpfA one of the moft ludicrous fisttres 
ihat ever wat ieen. What rendered' this 
pieee the more valuable was, that it ex* 
hibited, an exa£i likeneft ii the man» 
' with ^e portrait of his ant^oaift, and 
fhe fii^aret in caric^ure of the principal 

Nicholses Anecd^tes^p* 7. 

Thus does Mr. Ireland narrate the 
fame ftolry : 

<< As the firft token of hit torn for tho 
JatiricaU '^ may be worth recording-y 
that while yet an apprentice, when upea 
a itiltry Suinday he once made an excnr*. 
fion to Highgate, two of three of hio 
companions and himfelf fonghk flieltor 
andrefreihment inoneof thofe convenienC 
cevravanfiroi which fo much abound in 
the vicinity of the metrojpolis. In the 
iame room were a party ot thirftv pedel^ 
trians, waftiing down the duft tlicy had 
inhaled in their walk with London porter* 
Two of the company debating upon 
poUtict, and the palm of vidory boo|; 
at the moment Hogarth and his com- 
paniont entered adjudged to the taller 
man, he very vociferoufly exulted in hia 
conqneft, and added fome iarcaftic re- 
marks on the diminutive appearance of 
his adverfary. The little man bad a 
great foul, and having in his risht hand 
n pester pot, threw it with fatal force at 
Jiit opponent. It ftruc)c him on the 
fiofehead, and 

u ^ t^c mountain oak 

Nods to the axe, 'till with a groanin|^ 

It Anks, and fpreads ita honourt on the 

ground*^-- • 

he funk to the iloor, and there^ as thov 
divine OfCan would have fublimely ex« 
prefled it-—** The prey mift fwam before 
Jiis eyes. He Jay m the hall of mirt^ aa 
a mountain pine, when it tumbles acrola 
the ru(hy Loda. He recovered, lifted 
up his bleeding head, and rolled hit fott* 
orbed eyes around. He afcended no a 
pillar of (moke ftreaked with fire, and 
ftreamt of blood ran down hit dark 
brown cheeks, like torrentt from the 
fnmmit of an oosy rock, &c* &c*'* 

<* Todefcend from the pinnacb af 
Farnajfus to tht plain ofccmmonJfn/e% tha 
fellow being deeply tliough not danger. 
oufly wounded in the forehead, extreme 
agony excited a moft hideout grin. Hia 
nooe-begone figuret o}»pofed to the pert» 
triumphant air of njs tiny oodqperor^ 
and the half-fapprefliMi laush of hie foxv-^ 
rounding friends, preliraied a (cene tao 
^y._.., ^^-ridicalov^ 



Miculovt to be rcfiftcd, Tht youns 
aitift (ascd his pencil, drew bit iirn 
group of portraiu from the Irfe^ and 
friive» with a ftrong refemblance of each» • 
Inch a groteTque raricty of charader at 
«vadet idl defcription.** 

Irblanb*8 ffiiiftrationSf p* it. 

Many of the ambulatory »lc8 which 
iMTe been echoed and re-echoed in the 
lenrice of half tbe artifh who have lived 
from the time of Cimabere to the prefcnt 
day, and which fome of Hogarth^t for« 
mer biographers admitted, the Author of 
thb work omitt, becaufe, at he properly 
obicrves, if true they have little intcrcft, 
and if fal(e ought not to be admitted* 

We loim from theft menooin, tiiat 
Bogarth'f father wet educated at St. 
Bees, in Weftmoreland, and afterwards 
kept a fchool in the fame county, bvt, 
Mding hit employment produced neither 
lK>iKmr.nor profit, removed to London, 
and in iShip-court, Old -Bailey, followed 
the iame profeffion. The Author duie 
intnoducet his heroes ftory. 
. ^ It was foriunate for kiterature that 
Dr. Samuel Johnfon waf not (bcctftfui 
In an appliaition for the place of a 
provincial fchoolmaller. It wat fortu- 
nate for the Artt, that Richard Hogarth 
^tas not able to eftabliih a village fchool, 
in which fituation he would prubabiy 
luive qualified hit fon William for his 
fiacceifaMv and thofc talents which were 
^ciibtcd to inftruA, aftoniih, and re. 
form a world, might have been wafted 
in leaching fome half a hundred of the 
young Weftmorelapd gentry to fcan 
veries bv their fingers, and call Engliih 
things bv Latin names. The fates or- 
dUinedotherwiie: it was his deftiny to 
nairy aad refide in London, where were 
bora ttSKo him one fen and two daugh** 

** Thegirls had fnch inlbiidionsasen* 
aMed tbmto kc^ a (hop \ and the fon, 
who drew liis firft breath in this buftling 
•world in the year 16979 was author of 
the prints, which, copied in little, form 
the bafis of, and give the value to thefe 
vokimes. . 

** Of his education we do not know 
muck's but as his father appears to have 
been a man of underftanding, I fuppofe it 
was fufficient for the fituation he was in- 
Icmled to be placed hi. That it was not 
mofe liberal might arilr from the old 
man finding eru£tion aafwer little pur- 
pefirtobimiclf, and knowio|^ that m a 
— ^^* employmeni it is rather a 

drawback than an afliftance. Added to . 
this, I believe young Hogarth had not . 
much bias towards what hat attained the 
name of Uarnhtg* He muft have been 
eaHjr attentive to tbe appearance of the 
paffiont, and fcehng a krong imputfe 
to attempt their delineation, left their 
names and derivations to the pro« 
iound pedagogue, the accurate gram- 
mvian, or more fa^e and lolenm icxico* 
ffrapher.. While thcie labourers in the . 
foreft of fcimce dug for the root, «n- . 
quired into the circulation of the fap, 
and planted brambles and birch round, 
the tree of knowledj^e, Hogarth had an 
higher aim j— an ambition to difplay in 
the true tints of nature the rugged ^hih- 
raaer of the bark, the varied invoki* 
tions of the branches, and the mionto 
fibres of the leaves.** 

This it followed by an acceunt ef 
thoie who have before labeured in the . 
fame vineyard) and we here learn, that ^ 
the fitft notices of his prinu were written 
in French, by a Swils named Rouquet, 
and pttbliihed during Mr. ^ogarth'a 
lifet that 

** The fecond publication on the 
f^bjeft was by the Rev. Dr. Trailer,^ 
and extends farther than the preceding. 
It was began immediately after Hoearih'a 
death, is baptiied ^ Hogarth Moralised,'* 
and interfperfed with feveaty-eight en« . 
giavingt *, printed upon the lame paper 
with the letter- prels. It cootams 
about two hundred pages, built upon 
Rooquet's pamphlet, and the informa- 
tion he received from Mrs^ Hogarth, 
who, conceiving her property would be 
effentially injur^ by fuch a publication, 
purcbafed the copy-right. As the Doc- 
tor does not profeii an intimaU acqttain- 
t€utc€ with the Arts, and confines him- 
ielf to morality, I hofy and believe my 
work will not much clafli with his.*' 

Of the An thor and hit prints we had no 
fegular narrative until the appearance of 
Mr. Walpole's "Anecdotes oi Painting}** 
a work in which refined tafte and ele- 
gant diction gave rank and importatKo 
to a clais of men. whole hiftory in the 
writings of preceding biographers ex- 
hibited little more than a caulogue 
of names, or a dry nninterefting narra. 
tive of untnterefting eventt. To the pen 
of this highly-accompliflied writer, 
William Hogarth owea a portion of hit 
deferved celebrity r for, in near fifty 
^ffct devoted to hit name, we find the 
hilbry iiX agreat man*i ixcdlencin and 

* AUofthemareistaipedintheie 

^^<^^««%itired by Google ^^ 



trrwTh writteti with the warmth of a 
friend, and the fidelity of a chronologift. 
With the firft tolerably complete cata- 
logue of hit works, there were Aich re« 
marks upon their meaning and tendency, 
as have given the artift a new charadler \ 
for though hit fuperlattre merit feeured 
him admiration from the few who were 
able to judge, he was confidercd by the 
xfowd as a mere caricaturift» whofe oply 
aim- was to burleique, and render what*^ 
«irer h/e reprefented ridiculous. 

'' The Rer. Mr. Gilpin, tn his very 
valuable « Eflay on Prints/* hat made 
forae obfervations on one feriet by Ho- 
garth. The remarks were evidently 
written in haftef and thou/^h in a few iq- 
ftancet 1 cannot coincide with a gentle- 
man for whole worth and utenu I have 
the moft unfeigned refpeA, I am con* 
vinced that iSt candour of the Vicar of 
BMre will forgive the freedom taken 
with the Critic on the JRake't Progreft. 

( Tp be coMtimmed. J 

« Id 1781 Mr.NicholtpiMiihMlJua 
Anecdotes, which iinct that time ha«« 
been conliderably enlarged* Thit work 
contains much ufeful information refca* 
tiveto tha Artift 1 and much mofiumen** 
tal mifeellany from the Qrub-4lre^t 
Journal, and othtrauncipMt fourcet,coa- 
cerning hit contemporariet» that -wtra 
it not there en-niched, would in all pro* 
bability have funk in dark and cndleia 
night. Where Mr. Wal^le and preced- 
ing writers threw a hair line, he caft the 
anii^tarian drc^nety and brought froaa 
the great deep a mtraculout draught of 
aquatic monftert and web-footed ani- 
mals, that fwam round the triumphal, 
bark of lyilliam Hogarth. For the 
informatioo I received from hit volume 
he hat my beft thanks } where I depart 
from hit authoritiet, it it upon the pre* 
fomption that mv own are better } it la 
more than poffibltf both are fircquniaj- 

The Hiftory of the Revolution of Prance. 
Rabaud de Saint Etienne. 

Tranflated from the French of VU 
8vo» 5S« Debrett. 

THE tranflator of this work is Mr* 
Jftmes White, who has already dif. 
ttnguifhed himfelf in giving to the Eng- 
lifli reader in his native tongue the 
Spet- chcs of M. Mirabeau. He obfervfs, 
that the prefent Hiftory of the Revolution 
of France is better entitled to the efteem of 
the Reader than fome other produ6Hons 
which have been piibliflied under that 
title. M. kabaud de Saint Etienne, 
after having diftinguiihed himfelf as a 
Legiflator andas an orator in the National 
A&mblv, afluroed, with not lefs ability 
and teal, the chara^^er of the National 
Hiftorian; for to vindicate the calumniat* 
^ reputation of his country, was his in- 
ducement for writing the HiftOry of her 

The Tranflator goes on to expreA hit 
opinion of his Author in a manner that 
Traniators, with an over-fondnefs for 
their Authors, are frequently apt to do-^ 
•* Brief, elegant, eloquent, faiiefadory, 
he hath recorded within the compafs of 
fhit compaft anH lively volume, the re- 
mote origin, the immediate caufeff, the 
progreft, and the completion, of that 
rapid and renowned regeneration, with a 
pencil little inferior to that of Tacitus'; 
' he has depi Aed every fcene that was ren- 
dered memorable by events Conducive to 
Hie eftaWtfhment or liberty, and hath 
liefcribed, on the one hand, the obfthiacy 
of prejudice, the biindoeft of iuperftitioDf 

the artifice of intri^,thetreachery o^felf* 
intereft, the barbantjfof defpotiiiii ; and oir 
the other, the integnty and ffe»ero&y of 
patriotifm, the penetrating wiTdom of^ en- 
lightened legidation, and the impetoofitjr 
w popVilar pailion, in a ftyle which feema 
to partake both of the dignitv of Hua« 
and the latirical vivacity S Voltaire.'* 

Thit extravagant eubgiiim naayt 
without any injuHice, merit UMne abate* 
ment. ■ At the iame time vre are not on. 
willing to admit, that the prefent HiAory 
defervet praife at well for the manner in 
whiehit it conduced, as for the imporw 
tance of the eventt which it narratea* 
The Author hat, at fir at we believe it 
prafticable, eiven an unbiaifed account of 
the wondernil traniaftiont which hant 
agiuted the kingdom of France^ and 
which have called" the attention of all 
Eurepe to the condud of the French 
nation during the important period to 
which this work is confined. Many of 
hit remark t, however, are fuch at dif- 
cover but a fmall portion of political 
fagacity. Thut, fpeaking of thit nation^ 
he fays, << In England, the nation whoft 
interei^ it now it to ally herfidf with 
France, and who, it it to be feared, iMth 
turned her thoughts to that alliance whea 
jt it too latt, the nation appeared (atia&ed 
at behoUiog the birth and growth of a 
free people, while the MiniHry ieemed io- 
teat Vfon obilni6ting them. Pitt waa 




-tffVilBg and difarmtn^, equipping Beets 
and reviewing them, furntfhin^ matter for 
thinicing more than he bimfcU was thlnl^- 
Ing of, naicing a gallant parade of hit 
navy, and lodog the Baft-Indiet/' And 
it may be ndckd, tl^at fahfequent eventa 
fince the publication of thif work hare 
fliewD» that this '^ renowned regeneration"' 
has been attended with circnroftances 
which give little prol'pefl of Ability to 
the new regulation of the State, and lefs 
to the permanent happinefs of the people. 
Perhaps^ before the prefent Magazine is 
to be read by the public, it will be de* 
dded whether or not the boaft of Monf. 
Rabaud de Saint Etienne is to be veri^ed. 

that <^ the Revolution of France will reSft 
every a(rault by Its own intriniic niighd- 
nefs, being the work of ages, of nature, 
of reafon, and of force/' Judging of 
what is to conK by what is paft, we Ice 
no appearance of that wifdajn or aio. 
deratioi) in tlje governing powers of 
France which is likely to rrauce to order 
the pieferit confufed Kate of affairs, nor of 
concord fu^ient to give force to their re- 
gulations, even if thry were didated by 
prudence, tqyiiy, and pn^pri^ty j qualitiea 
in whiph, ot iatcy they have been lameai- 
ably deficient. 

The trandation appears to be eieailcd 
with fpirit and fidelity. 

( C^Mcluded from Pi^e 14s. J 

YT remaint to fay a few words on Mr. 
^ Quin's charader. He has been repre- 
iented by (bme as ftem, haughty, luxu- 
rious, and aTaricious. Dr. Smollet, who 
probably knew him well, fays, ** How 
far lie ma^ relax in his hours of jollity, 
I cannot pretend to fay ; but his general 
eonverfiition is conduacd by the niceft 
rules of propriety, and Mr. James Quin 
is certainly one of the beft«bred men in 
the kingdom. He is not only a moft 
agreeable com(>anion,but fas I am credi- 
bly inforfned). a very honen man ; highly 
ibfceptibleof firiendlhips warm, (ieady, 
aad even generous in his attachments ; 
^ildaining flattery, and incapable of 

roeanneis and diflimulation. Wert I 
to judge, however, from Qjiin's eye aloec^ 
I ihould take him to be proud, inibleiit^ 
and cruel. There is fomethin^ remarks 
ablv fevere and forbidding in hie afpeft ; 
and 1 have been told* he was ever dif« 
pofed to infult his inferiors and depeo« 
dants. Perhaps that renort has influx 
enced my opinion of his looks— You know 
vre are the fools of prejudice^.'' TiMt 
be was not infenfibte-to the melting mood^ 
may be inferred from his behaviour to 
Thomfon, ahready noticed $ and Mrs. 
Bellamy mentions fome circumftancee 
hiffhly honourable to his philanthropy 
reipe&ing berfelf f. To thefe we may 

* Expedition of Humphry Clinker, Vd. I. p. loi. 

f On nth December 1788 «lied Mr. Richard Winftone, formerly of DroryLsne, and 
Coon after his death the following Anecdotes were puMilbedy which being very honourable 
teMr. Qsin*s memory, we here iofart tbem. 

. » Richard Winfbwe, wbo died a few days fince at Briftol, to which place he had rstifid 
tm feme years paft, was the Father of the prefent Stage, being about three months oldir 

** He was an tkot of Qgin's, and, thoogh greatly inferior to him in point of theatrical 
marit, was ooe of the groupe dift'inguiibed by his friendfliip,